(19)
(11)EP 3 646 687 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 19000464.8

(22)Date of filing:  11.10.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A01B 3/46  (2006.01)
A01B 73/00  (2006.01)
A01B 63/22  (2006.01)
B60B 35/10  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 30.10.2018 IT 201800009916

(71)Applicant: Moro Aratri S.R.L.
24056 Fontanella (BG) (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • Moro, Andrea
    I-24056 Fontanella (BG) (IT)

(74)Representative: Garavelli, Paolo 
A.BRE.MAR. S.R.L. Consulenza in Proprietà Industriale Via Servais 27
10146 Torino
10146 Torino (IT)

  


(54)IMPROVED CARRIAGE ASSEMBLY, IN PARTICULAR FOR REVERSIBLE PLOWING SYSTEM, AND REVERSIBLE PLOWING SYSTEM COMPRISING SUCH CARRIAGE ASSEMBLY


(57) A carriage assembly (1) is described, comprising at least two wheels (3), an actuating system (2) and at least one transmission system (17), such actuating system (2) operatively cooperating with such transmission system (17) both for passing such wheels (3) from an operating circulation position to an operating working position and vice versa, and for changing an operating working configuration of such carriage assembly (1). A reversible plowing system (100) comprising at least one of such carriages (100) is further described.










Description


[0001] The present invention refers to an improved carriage assembly, of the type with abutment of the wheels with a double function for circulating and working, in particular for a reversible plowing system, and to a reversible plowing system comprising at least one of such carriage assemblies.

[0002] Various types of plowing systems are known in the art, with carriage assemblies or wheel-type supporting systems used for handling and transporting such systems on the work-places.

[0003] In particular, plowing systems are known, such as the one for example disclosed in EP-B1-1099363 of the same Applicant, equipped with a carriage assembly which allows the reversible plowing system to pass from a circulation position to a work position and vice versa: in particular, these known carriage assemblies comprise two hydraulic jacks which perform the function or rotating-translating the wheel hub to make it assume a correct orientation and position for the two phases (work and circulation) and the plowing depth, depending on the position of the wheels when working) is regulated through a screw-type mechanical limit switch, which limits the translation of the hubs along the main beam of the carriage assembly. Consequently, each jack operates only on the movement of its related wheel, without performing any function in the regulation of the working depth.

[0004] Carriage assemblies of reversible plowing systems are also known, comprising a hydraulic jack aimed to regulate the plowing depth: in such assemblies, the rotation of the wheel hubs from the circulation position to the work position, and vice versa, must be performed manually, consequently resulting scarcely practical and easy, or through two further dedicated hydraulic jacks, thereby implying a greater complexity of the hydraulic plant, and the need of a further hydraulic actuation of the transporting and working means, such as for example a common agricultural tractor, to which the plowing system is connected.

[0005] Therefore object of the present invention is solving the above prior art problems by providing an improved carriage assembly, in particular for a reversible plowing system, comprising a single actuating system which allows both passing the wheels from a circulation position to a work position and vice versa, and of making such carriage assembly assume an operating working configuration chosen between a plurality of possible operating working configurations, for example in order to allow regulating the plowing depth performed by the reversible plowing system to which such carriage assembly is connected, consequently resulting more practical and easier to use, but structurally less complex with respect to what is proposed by the prior art.

[0006] Further, an object of the present invention is providing a reversible plowing system comprising at least one carriage assembly comprising a single actuating system which allows both passing the wheels from a circulation position to a work position and vice versa, and to make such carriage assembly assume an operating working configuration chosen between a plurality of possible operating working configurations in order to allow regulating the plowing depth performed by such plowing system, consequently resulting more practical and easier to use, but structurally less complex with respect to what is proposed by the prior art.

[0007] The above and other objects and advantages of the invention, as result from the following description, are obtained with a carriage assembly as claimed in claim 1.

[0008] Further, the above and other objects and advantages of the invention are obtained with a reversible plowing system as claimed in claim 9.

[0009] Preferred embodiments and non-trivial variations of the present invention are the subject matter of the dependent claims.

[0010] It is intended that all enclosed claims are an integral part of the present description.

[0011] It will be immediately obvious that numerous variations and modifications (for example related to shape, sizes, arrangements and parts with equivalent functionality) can be made to what is described without departing from the scope of the invention as appears from the enclosed claims.

[0012] The present invention will be better described by some preferred embodiments thereof, provided as a non-limiting example, with reference to the enclose drawings, in which:
  • Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the carriage assembly for reversible plowing system according to the present invention;
  • Figure 2a shows the view of the carriage assembly for reversible plowing system according to the present invention of Figure 1 in partial transparency;
  • Figure 2b shows a perspective view of a component of the carriage assembly for reversible plowing system according to the present invention;
  • Figure 3 shows a perspective view of the carriage assembly according to the present invention with the wheels in an operating circulation position;
  • Figure 4 shows a perspective view of the carriage assembly according to the present invention with the wheels in an intermediate operating position between the operating circulation position and an operating working position;
  • Figure 5 shows a perspective view of the carriage assembly according to the present invention in a first possible operating working configuration with the wheels in an operating working position;
  • Figure 6 shows a perspective view of the carriage assembly according to the present invention in a second possible operating working configuration; and
  • Figures 7a and 7b show side views of a preferred embodiment of a reversible plowing system according to the present invention with the carriage assembly, respectively, in the first operating working configuration of Figure 5 and in the second operating working configuration of Figure 6.


[0013] In brief, herein below the descriptions will not be made related to parts and components common with other carriage assemblies and plowing systems, since they are necessary for their basic operation and/or already known in the art, to explain in more detail in particular the aspects, the components and the operating principles characterizing the carriage assembly and the reversible plowing system according to the present invention.

[0014] Therefore, with reference in particular to Figures 1 and 2a, it is possible to note that the carriage assembly 1 according to the present invention comprises at least two wheels 3, an actuating system 2 and at least one transmission system 17, such actuating system 2 operatively cooperating with such transmission system 17 both for passing the wheels 3 from an operating circulation position to an operating working position, and vice versa, and for changing an operating working configuration of such carriage assembly 1, preferably modifying the distance between the wheels 3 (for example at least when the wheels 3 are in their operating working position).

[0015] In a preferred and example embodiment thereof, the carriage assembly 1 according to the present invention therefore comprises:
  • at least one central articulation assembly 7;
  • at least two wheels 3, each of which is connected to a respective rotating hub 5;
  • at least one pair of drive shafts 9, each of such drive shafts 9 having a first end connected to a corresponding hub 5 by interposing an articulation kinematism 11, preferably of a hinge-type, and a second end rotating connected to the central articulation assembly 7 in a respective articulation point 13, such transmission system 17 being operatively interposed between the drive shafts 9.


[0016] From Figures 2a and 2b, it is possible to note that, in particular, the transmission system 17 comprises at least one articulated kinematism 14 composed of at least one guiding element 16 common with a pair of articulated transmissions, each of which is related to a respective hub 5, each of such articulated transmissions comprising:
  • at least one first arm 18;
  • at least one second arm 20;
  • at least one joining rod 15;
    the joining rod 15 having a first end connected to a respective hub 5 by interposing a respective articulation kinematism 11 and a second end connected in an articulated way to a first end of the first arm 18, such first arm 18 having a second end connected in an articulated way to a first end of the second arm 20, such first end of the second arm 20 and such second end of the first arm 18 being further connected in an articulated way to a fixed point 22 of a respective drive shaft 9 (such fixed point 22 being preferably arranged along a projecting element 24 of the drive shaft 9), the second arm 20 having a second end at least partially sliding along the guiding element 16. Preferably, the second ends of the second arms 20 can be mutually cooperating by interposing at least one elastic means 26 such as, for example, at least one helical spring.


[0017] The actuating system 2 comprises, preferably, at least one handling device with variable length 19, for example of the type with hydraulic jack, mutually operatively connecting the drive shafts 9 in respective articulation points 21 and adjustable in its length as function of the operating position of the wheels 3 and/or of the operating working configuration of the carriage assembly 1 which one wants to obtain. In particular, the handling device with variable length can have its respective ends connected in an articulated way to a respective drive shaft 9, preferably next to each first end of these latter ones in their respective articulation points 21.

[0018] The handling device with variable length 19 will then have a first stroke portion adapted to move, through the cooperation of the transmission system 18, the wheels 3 from their operating circulation position to their operating working position, and vice versa, by acting on the respective articulation kinematism 11; the handling device with variable length 19 will then have a second stroke portion adapted to take the carriage assembly 1 according to the present invention to various operating working configurations.

[0019] With reference then, in particular, to Figures 3, 4 and 5, it is possible to note the passage of the wheels 3 from their operating circulation position to their operating working position: Figure 3 therefore shows the carriage assembly 1 in which the wheels 3 are in their operating circulation position having their rotation axes R-R around their respective hubs substantially coinciding. Therefore, a coupling of the handling device 19 with variable length along its own stroke portion generates the decrease of the angle subtended between the drive shafts 9 and, through the articulated kinematism 18 of the transmission system 17, the progressive divergence of the wheels 3, and of their respective rotation axes, till the wheels 3 are taken to their operating working position, as shown in Figure 5 (in which, preferably, the rotation axes of the wheels 3 are substantially mutually parallel) passing through the intermediate operating position of the wheels 3 shown in Figure 4. Obviously, the contrary movement of the handling device 19 with variable length, namely its elongation along its own first stroke portion, allows, in cooperation with the articulated kinematism 18 of the transmission system 17, the reverse passage, namely the passage of the wheels 3 from their operating working position to their operating circulation position.

[0020] The actuating system 2, and in particular the handling device 19 with variable length, is further adapted to change the distance between the wheels 3, for example at least when they are in their operating working position, to make the carriage assembly 1 according to the present invention assume various operating working configurations, each of such configurations being determined by the distance imposed between the wheels by such handling device 19 with variable length, in particular by changing the angle subtended between the drive shafts 9. With reference therefore, in particular, to Figures 5 and 6, it is possible to note the passage, determined by the further elongation or shortening of the handling device 19 with variable length along its own second stroke portion, of the carriage assembly 1 according to the present invention between two possible working configurations, once the wheels 3 have been taken to their operating working position.

[0021] Figure 5 then shows the carriage assembly 1 in which the wheels 3 are at their maximum mutual distance allowed by the shaping of the actuating system 2 and of the transmission system 17: in particular, in such operating configuration, the handling device 19 with variable length is in a maximum extension position along its own second stroke portion.

[0022] Figure 6 instead shows the carriage assembly 1 in which the wheels 3 are at their minimum mutual distance allowed by the shaping of the second actuating system 2 and of the transmission system 17: in particular, in such operating configuration, the handling device 19 with variable length is in a minimum extension position along its own second stroke portion.

[0023] Obviously, the carriage assembly 1 according to the present invention can assume any further operating working configuration included between the two limit operating configurations shown in Figures 5 and 6 depending on the distance between the wheels 3, and in particular on the angle subtended between the drive shafts 9, determined by the length assumed by the handling device 19 with variable length along its own second stroke portion.

[0024] The present invention further refers to a reversible plowing system comprising at least one carriage assembly 1 like the previously described one.

[0025] With reference in particular to Figures 7a and 7b, a preferred embodiment is therefore shown for the reversible plowing system according to the present invention.

[0026] Such system substantially comprises a supporting frame 101 equipped with a plurality of plowing assemblies 103. The plowing assemblies 103, being known in the art and not being part of the present invention, will not be further described in detail. The supporting frame 101 is adapted to be connected to transporting and working means, such as for example a common agricultural tractor (not shown) through an orientable fastening system (not shown) which makes it possible for the reversible plowing system to assume two operating positions, namely the circulation position for the transport on the work-place and the actual plowing work position: also the fastening head, being known in the art and not being part of the present invention, will not be further described in detail.

[0027] The reversible plowing system 100 of the invention further comprises at least one carriage assembly 1 like the previously described one connected to the supporting frame 101, to allow its transport on the work-place.

[0028] Obviously, the hydraulic jack possibly composing the handling device 19 with variable length of the carriage assembly 1 can advantageously be connected to a single suitable connector available on the tractor to exploit its hydraulic system and its related controls, and leaving possible further connectors free for other possible applications which are necessary.

[0029] As stated, the carriage assembly 1 allows both changing position and orientation of the wheels 3 between an operating circulation position and an operating working position and vice versa, and assuming one among several possible operating working configurations through a single actuating system 2 cooperating with the transmission system 17.

[0030] For a road circulation, it will therefore be enough to place the wheels of the carriage assembly in their operating circulation position and the supporting frame 101 with its related plowing assemblies 103 in a substantially horizontal position.

[0031] Instead, to perform the actual plowing work, it will be enough to take the supporting frame 101 with its related plowing assemblies 103 in a substantially vertical position, and the wheels 3 of the carriage assembly 1 in their operating working position: not, it is advantageously possible to also regulate the plowing depth by acting on the actuating system 2, modifying the distance between the wheels 3: in particular, and wholly as an example, Figure 7a shows the reversible plowing system 100 according to the present invention with the carriage assembly 1 in an operating working configuration (corresponding to the one shown in Figure 5) which allows a minimum plowing depth, while Figure 7b shows the reversible plowing system 100 according to the present invention with the carriage assembly 1 in an operating working configuration (corresponding to the one shown in Figure 6) which allows a maximum plowing depth.

[0032] Obviously, the plowing system 100 according to the present invention can operate with different plowing depths included between those described above as an example, taking the carriage assembly 1 according to the present invention to assume any further operating working configuration included between the two limit operating configurations shown in Figures 5 and 6 depending on the distance between the wheels 3 determined by the handling device 19 and, in particular, by the length assumed by the handling device 19 with variable length.


Claims

1. Carriage assembly (1) comprising at least two wheels (3), an actuating system (2) and at least one transmission system (17), said actuating system (2) operatively cooperating with said transmission system (17) both for passing said wheels (3) from an operating circulation position to an operating working position through a rotation, and vice versa, and for changing an operating working configuration of said carriage assembly (1), said transmission system (17) comprising at least one articulated kinematism (14) composed of at least one guiding element (16) common to a pair of articulated transmissions, each of said articulated transmissions being operatively connected to a respective hub (5), each of said articulated transmissions comprising at least one first arm (18), at least one second arm (20), at least one joining rod (15), said joining rod (15) having a first end connected to a respective hub (5) by interposing a respective articulation kinematism (11) and a second end connected in an articulated way to a first end of said first arm (18), said first arm (18) having a second end connected in an articulated way to a first end of said second arm (20), said first end of said second arm (20) and said second end of said first arm (18) being further connected in an articulated way to a fixed point (22) of a respective drive shaft (9), said second arm (20) having a second end at least partially sliding along said guiding element (16), characterized in that said second ends of said second arms (20) are mutually cooperating by interposing at least one elastic means (26).
 
2. Carriage assembly (1) according to the previous claim, characterized in that said actuating system (2) changes an operating working configuration of said carriage assembly (1) by modifying a distance between the circumferences of said wheels (3).
 
3. Carriage assembly (1) according to the previous claim, characterized in that said actuating system (2) changes an operating working configuration of said carriage assembly (1) by modifying a distance between said wheels (3) when said wheels (3) are in said operating working position.
 
4. Carriage assembly (1) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that it comprises:

- at least one central articulation assembly (7);

- at least two wheels (3), each of which is connected to a respective rotating hub (5);

- at least one pair of drive shafts (9), each of said drive shafts (9) having a first end connected to a corresponding hub (5) by interposing an articulation kinematism (11) and a second end rotating connected to said central articulation assembly (7) in a respective articulation point (13), said transmission system (17) being operatively interposed between said drive shafts (9).


 
5. Carriage assembly (1) according to the previous claim, characterized in that said articulation kinematism (11) is of a hinge type.
 
6. Carriage assembly (1) according to the previous claim, characterized in that said fixed point (22) is arranged along a projecting element (24) of said drive shaft (9).
 
7. Carriage assembly (1) according to any one of the previous claims, characterized in that said actuating system (2) comprises at least one handling device (19) with variable length mutually operatively connecting said drive shafts (9) in respective articulation points (21) and adjustable in its length depending on said operating position of said wheels (3) and/or on said operating working configuration of said carriage assembly (1) to be obtained.
 
8. Carriage assembly (1) according to the previous claim, characterized in that said handling device (19) with variable length has a first stroke portion adapted to move, through a cooperation of said transmission system (18), said wheels (3) from said operating circulation position to said operating working position and vice versa, by acting on said respective articulation kinematism (11), and a second stroke portion adapted to take said carriage assembly (1) in various of said operating working configurations.
 
9. Reversible plowing system (100), characterized in that it comprises at least one carriage assembly (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
 




Drawing
































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description