OBJECT OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a method for producing translucent wood sheets for use in the configuration of illumination lamp screens or panels.
Namely, the object of the invention is to provide a method for producing wood sheets with a high degree of flexibility, such that it enables malleability and subsequent handling for configuring illumination lamp screens with the desired configuration, since said produced wood sheets will have the thickness required to make them translucent, allowing the illumination of the room where the lamp is located, and providing the room with an aesthetically pleasing decorative element.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Wood- and wood fibre-based materials, along with other plastic additives, are widely used today for producing sheets or particle boards which are used in manufacturing furniture and decorative objects.
The products thus produced are very pleasing aesthetically, calling to mind a natural environment and providing warmth to the room where they are located, as opposed to products produced from plastic material.
Products produced entirely from plastic materials have the advantage of being amply mouldable, in addition to enabling the passage of light, in contrast with products composed of wood or wood fibres which are characterised by their opacity.
For this reason, wood presents a natural limitation for its aesthetic and decorative application in home- or commercial-type illumination screens due to its opacity and limited flexibility.
In order to solve these problems, the existence in the state of the art of Spanish patent number ES2337536
belonging to the present applicant is known, and this patent seeks to solve the drawbacks mentioned above by offering a lamp screen made of wood veneer with a thickness such that it enables the passage of light and a flexibility which facilitates shaping same into the desired structure.
However, the industrial process disclosed in the mentioned patent produces a wood veneer of a specific thickness which is varnished to obtain the desired finish in the material, giving rise to sheets that are very brittle, and therefore useless in terms of handling and producing illumination screens or panels with unique shapes.
The present invention satisfactorily solves the problems mentioned above by offering a wood sheet with a thickness such that it provides the wood sheet with sufficient flexibility and strength to enable shaping same when a polyester film is applied under certain conditions, while at the same time enabling the passage of light for use in producing illumination screens or panels, with the application of varnishes which result in brittle materials or which will crack over time being eliminated.
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The wood sheets for illumination lamps object of the present invention are produced from a piece of wood, which is subjected to different steps, described in detailed below, for the purpose of obtaining a thickness that cannot be achieved by means of other processes, such that the resulting sheet has great flexibility and sufficient strength for subsequent handling, with the sheet being simultaneously translucent and allowing the passage of light for illuminating the room.
In order to produce translucent wood sheets simultaneously having a high malleability for optimal subsequent handling, methods known up until now had to be perfected, specifically the method disclosed in patent ES2337536
, which produces wood sheets that are not so flexible, very brittle, and generate a large amount of waste material during manufacture due to the following reasons:
- incorrect attachment between the wood sheet and the plastic film covering same,
- the often imprecise application of the polyester film which generated air bubbles on the surface or modified the natural colour of the wood, and
- insufficient thickness of the wood sheet which readily broke and cracked.
Based on the foregoing, the present invention includes the use of a very specific polyester film applied under certain conditions, without which it is impossible to speak of an improved method for producing the wood sheet.
Namely, the use of a high-quality crystal clear polyester film, which is heat-activated for encapsulating the wood sheet, enables producing malleable, translucent wood sheets.
The high malleability of the produced product is the essential property which makes it so advantageous, as it allows configuring different shapes that have not been used up until now in wood for illumination, allowing the passage of light therethrough at all times due to its translucency.
The method steps for producing a wood sheet for illumination lamps, object of the present invention, are described in detailed below.
First, a wood sheet is sanded to a thickness comprised between 0.6 and 0.8 mm. In this sense, it must be pointed out that patent number ES2337536
specified the thickness as 0.4 mm; however, sheets having this thickness cannot subsequently be handled to achieve pronounced curvatures, as the sheets readily break in said situation.
A plastic material film, preferably based on a matte crystal clear polyester having a thickness comprised in the range between 0.55 and 0.8 mm, is then arranged, said plastic material film being necessarily applied on both faces of the wood sheet in order to provide it with a smooth finish, without irregularities or chips, and enabling safe handling of the illumination screen or panel.
The polyester film is then thermopressed to the wood sheet by applying a temperature between 80ºC and 110ºC, and wherein the passage of the wood sheet through the thermopressing rollers is necessarily performed at a speed between 40 and 60 linear centimetres per minute.
After the application has ended, the sheet is subjected to a cold pressing step by means of rollers in order to prevent the formation of creases of the plastic material film on the wood sheet.
Advantageously, the application of this plastic film enables the elimination of synthetic varnishes which result in produced materials that may be brittle or crack.
Finally, the sheet is subjected to a process for sanding its edges or corners in order to eliminate possible excess material of the plastic material film.
Very flexible, translucent wood sheets that are between 0.6 and 0.8 mm thick, where both surfaces are covered with a matte polyester film that is between 70 and 80 micrometres thick joined by thermopressing to the wood sheet, are thereby produced.
These wood sheets are used to produce illumination lamps or panels of any shape required by the characteristics of the design in question, a very aesthetically pleasing and functional product being produced.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
To complement the description that will be made below and for the purpose of helping to better understand the features of the invention according to a preferred practical embodiment thereof, a set of drawings is attached as an integral part of said description in which the following has been depicted in an illustrative and non-limiting manner:
Figure 1 shows a perspective view of an configuration example that can be produced based on the wood sheet produced according to the method of the present invention.
Figure 2 shows a perspective view of a second configuration example that can be produced based on the wood sheet produced according to the method of the present invention.
PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION
The proposed invention is preferably produced by means of the manufacturing method the steps of which are described in detailed below:
- Optionally dyeing the wood sheet or piece to provide it with the colour required by the design in question.
- Sanding the wood sheet or piece to a thickness of 0.7 mm, which results in a very flexible sheet that can therefore be handled very easily for shaping same into the desired shape of the illumination screen. Additionally, this thickness provides opacity to the wood sheet, enabling the passage of light and the illumination of the room where the lamp or illumination panel is located.
- Applying on both faces of the wood sheet a plastic material film of matte crystal clear polyester that is between 70 and 80 micrometres thick, joined to the wood sheet by thermopressing at a temperature of 105ºC and a speed of 55 linear centimetres per minute.
- Cold pressing the wood sheet covered with the plastic material film by means of rollers to prevent the formation of creases therein.
- Sanding the edges and corners of the wood sheet to eliminate possible excess remnants of the plastic material film.
In this sense, Figures 1 and 2 shows two embodiments of lamps having a unique configuration which can be produced by means of using the wood veneer produced according to the manufacturing method described in detailed above.
Advantageously, the produced wood sheet (1) offers sufficient flexibility and handling ability, without the material ever breaking or cracking, to support configurations and assemblies as complex as the lamps (2) depicted in Figures 1 and 2.
A method for producing wood sheets for lamps, which comprises:
- sanding the wood sheet to a thickness comprised between 0.6 and 0.8 mm,
- applying, preferably on both faces of the wood sheet, a matte polyester film that is between 70 and 80 micrometres thick,
- thermopressing the polyester film to the wood sheet by applying a temperature between 80ºC and 110ºC, and wherein the passage of the wood sheet through the thermopressing rollers is performed at a speed between 40 and 60 linear centimetres per minute,
- cold pressing the wood sheet covered with the plastic material film by means of rollers to prevent the formation of creases and air bubbles of the plastic material on the surface of the wood sheet,
- sanding the edges and corners of the wood sheet to eliminate excess remnants of the plastic material film.
2. The method for manufacturing wood sheets for lamps according to claim 1, including a step of dyeing the wood sheet, which takes place before sanding the wood sheet.
3. A wood sheet for lamps, characterised by being between 0.6 and 0.8 mm thick, wherein both surfaces are covered with a matte crystal clear polyester film that is between 70 and 80 micrometres thick joined by thermopressing to the wood sheet.