(19)
(11)EP 3 647 455 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 18824845.4

(22)Date of filing:  26.06.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C22C 38/38  (2006.01)
C21D 1/26  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/092879
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/001424 (03.01.2019 Gazette  2019/01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 29.06.2017 CN 201710514480

(71)Applicant: Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.
Shanghai 201900 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LI, Wei
    Shanghai 201900 (CN)
  • ZHU, Xiaodong
    Shanghai 201900 (CN)
  • XUE, Peng
    Shanghai 201900 (CN)

(74)Representative: Maiwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Elisenhof Elisenstraße 3
80335 München
80335 München (DE)

  


(54)COLD-ROLLED ANNEALED DUAL-PHASE STEEL, STEEL PLATE, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR


(57) A cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel is provided, having a microstructure of ferrite and martensite, and comprising the following chemical elements in mass percentage: 0.08% to 0.1% of C, 1.95% to 2.2% of Mn, 0.1% to 0.6% of Si, 0.020% to 0.050% of Nb, 0.020% to 0.050% of Ti, 0.015% to 0.045% of Als, 0.40% to 0.60% of Cr, 0.2% to 0.4% of Mo, 0.001% to 0.005% of Ca, and the balance being Fe and other inevitable impurities. A method for manufacturing the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel is also provided, comprising the steps of: (1) smelting and casting; (2) hot rolling; (3) cold rolling; (4) annealing; and (5) temper rolling.


Description

Technical field



[0001] The present invention relates to a steel and a method for manufacturing the same, and more particularly to a dual-phase steel and a method for manufacturing the same.

Background art



[0002] In the automotive industry, steel plates with higher strength are required for weight reduction. Accordingly, ultra-high-strength dual-phase steel with tensile strength of 980Mpa or more is becoming the first choice for the automotive industry, because this strength grade of steel can effectively reduce the weight of car body and improve safety. In order to reduce the self-weight of the car body and achieve the purpose of reducing energy consumption, while ensuring the safety performance of the car body, high-strength steel, especially advanced high-strength steel, is used more and more in the design of the car body. Dual-phase steel is widely used in the production of automotive parts due to its excellent properties such as low yield strength, high tensile strength and high initial work hardening rate. However, as the demand for thinning is getting higher and higher, users even have a demand for steel with a thickness of 0.5 to 0.7 mm, especially in the use of car seats.

[0003] However, at present, the thickness of an ultra-high strength grade of cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel is mostly between 1.0 and 2.3 mm.

[0004] In view of this, it is desired to obtain an ultra-thin 1000 MPa-grade dual-phase steel to meet industrial requirements.

Summary of the invention



[0005] One of the objects of the present invention is to provide a cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel having a tensile strength of 1000 MPa or more, an elongation at break of 12% or more and excellent bending property.

[0006] In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel, wherein the steel has a microstructure of ferrite and martensite, and comprises the following chemical elements in mass percentage:
0.08% to 0.1% of C, 1.95% to 2.2% of Mn, 0.1% to 0.6% of Si, 0.020% to 0.050% of Nb, 0.020% to 0.050% of Ti, 0.015% to 0.045% of Als, 0.40% to 0.60% of Cr, 0.2% to 0.4% of Mo, 0.001% to 0.005% of Ca, and the balance being Fe and other inevitable impurities.

[0007] The inventors designed the chemical elements of the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention, and the design principle is as follows:

Carbon: In the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention, carbon is a solid solution strengthening element, for ensuring to obtain high strength of the material. When the mass percentage of carbon is too high or too low, it is not conducive to the performance of steel. Therefore, the mass percentage of carbon is between 0.08 and 0.1%. If the mass percentage of carbon is less than 0.08%, the austenite content is low when heated in the same critical region (ferrite and austenite), resulting in insufficient strength. If the mass percentage of carbon is higher than 0.1%, the carbon equivalent increases and the weldability is unfavorable.

Manganese: Mn is an element that strongly enhances the hardenability of austenite, and effectively increases the strength of steel, but is disadvantageous for welding. Therefore, the mass percentage of Mn is 1.95 to 2.2%. When the mass percentage of Mn is less than 1.95%, the strength of the steel is insufficient. When the mass percentage of Mn is higher than 2.2%, both the strength of the steel and the carbon equivalent are too high.

Silicon: Si is a solid solution strengthening element. On the one hand, Si can improve the strength of the material; on the other hand, Si can accelerate the segregation of carbon to austenite and purify the ferrite, thereby improving the performance of the finished product. In addition, silicon dissolved in the ferrite phase can promote work hardening to increase the elongation and improve the local stress strain, thereby contributing to the improvement of the bending property. However, excessive silicon added in the steel is easily concentrated on the surface to form an oxide film which is difficult to remove. Therefore, in the technical solution of the present invention, the mass percentage of Si is 0.1 to 0.6%.

Niobium: Nb is a precipitation element of carbonitrides. Nb can refine grains, precipitate carbonitrides and improve material strength. Therefore, the mass percentage of Nb in the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention is from 0.020 to 0.050%.

Titanium: Ti is a precipitation element of carbonitrides and is used to fix nitrogen and refine grains. Therefore, the mass percentage of Ti in the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention is from 0.020 to 0.050%.

Als: Al has the effects of deoxidizing and refining crystal grains in steel. Therefore, the mass percentage of Al is controlled to 0.015 to 0.045%.

Chromium: Cr can improve the hardenability of steel and facilitate the formation of martensite structure. Therefore, the mass percentage of Cr is controlled to 0.40 to 0.60%.

Molybdenum: Mo can improve the hardenability of steel, effectively increase the strength of steel, improve the distribution of carbides, and improve the overall performance of steel. In the case of not adding B, the technical solution of the present invention comprises Mo in a mass percentage of 0.2 to 0.4%. When the mass percentage of Mo is less than 0.2%, the effect thereof is not obvious, and the carbides cannot be dispersed. When the mass percentage of Mo is higher than 0.4%, the strength is too high.

Calcium: Ca precipitates S in the form of CaS, suppresses the generation of cracks, and is advantageous for improving the bending property. In order to achieve the above effects, it is necessary to control the mass percentage of Ca to be 0.001% or more. However, if the mass percentage of Ca exceeds 0.005%, the effect thereof is saturated. Therefore, in the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention, the mass percentage of Ca is 0.001 to 0.005%.

Nitrogen: N is an impurity element in steel. Excessive N content tends to cause cracks on the surface of the slab. Therefore, the lower the mass percentage of N is, the better it is. Considering the production cost and process conditions, the mass percentage of N is controlled to 0.005% or less.

Phosphorus: P is an impurity element in steel. The lower the mass percentage of P is, the better it is. Considering the production cost and process conditions, P is 0.015% or less.

Sulfur: S is an impurity element in steel. The lower the mass percentage of S is, the better it is. Considering the production cost and process conditions, S is 0.005% or less.



[0008] Further, in the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention, the ratio of martensite phase is 50% or more, and the ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phase is more than 1 and less than 4.

[0009] In the above technical solutions, from the viewpoint of the comprehensive properties of strength and toughness, the microstructure of the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel requires a soft ferrite phase and a hard martensite phase. In order to achieve ultra-thin specifications and high strength, the ratio of martensite phase in the structure should be at least 50%. The ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phase is more than 1 and less than 4 for the following reasons. When the ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phase is greater than 1, the local deformation ability and the bending property of the material are improved. However, if the ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phase is more than 4, the elongation is drastically reduced due to the greatly reduced ferrite content. Therefore, the ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phase is more than 1 and less than 4.

[0010] Further, in the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention, the martensite has an average grain size of 3 to 6 µm.

[0011] In the above technical solutions, if the average grain size of martensite is too small, such crystal grains tend to become the origin of local cracks, resulting in a decrease in local deformability, and finally a decrease in bending ability. However, if the average grain size of martensite is too large, the degree of austenitization is too high, resulting in excessive high strength and excessive low elongation of the material. Therefore, the average grain size of the martensite is 3 to 6 µm.

[0012] Further, the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention has a tensile strength of 1000 MPa or more and an elongation at break of 12% or more.

[0013] Accordingly, it is another object of the present invention to provide a cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel plate which is made of the above cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel.

[0014] Further, the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel plate according to the present invention has a thickness of 0.5 to 0.7 mm.

[0015] Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing the above cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel plate. The steel plate obtained by the manufacturing method of the present invention has the advantages of high strength and ultra-thin size, and is suitable for use in automobiles, and is particularly suitable for preparing the frame and the back plate of seats.

[0016] In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a method for manufacturing the above cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel plate, comprising the steps of:
  1. (1) smelting and casting;
  2. (2) hot rolling;
  3. (3) cold rolling;
  4. (4) annealing;
  5. (5) temper rolling.


[0017] Further, in the manufacturing method according to the present invention, in the step (2), in order to ensure the stabilization of the rolling load, the heating temperature is preferably 1200 °C or higher. Meanwhile, in order to prevent an increase in oxidative burning loss, the upper limit of the heating temperature is preferably 1260 °C. Therefore, the slab is soaked at a temperature of 1200 to 1260 °C and then rolled. In addition, considering the moldability after annealing and the unevenness of the structure due to coarse grains, the finish rolling temperature is 840 to 930°C, and after rolling, the slab is cooled at a rate of 20 to 70 °C/s, and then coiled. The coiling temperature is preferably 500 to 620°C from the viewpoint of the shape of hot rolling plate and the surface iron oxide scale.

[0018] Further, in the manufacturing method of the present invention, in the step (3), after removing the surface iron oxide scale by pickling, in order to form more polygonal ferrite in the structure, the cold rolling reduction ratio is controlled to 65 to 78%.

[0019] Further, in the manufacturing method of the present invention, in the step (4), the soaking temperature and time during annealing determine the degree of austenitization and eventually determine the ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phase in the structure. An over-high soaking temperature during annealing leads to an excessive proportion of the martensite phase, which ultimately leads to over-high strength of the obtained steel plate. However, if the soaking temperature during annealing is too low, the proportion of the martensite phase is too small, and eventually the strength of the obtained steel plate is low. In addition, if the soaking time during annealing is too short, the degree of austenitization is insufficient; if the soaking time during annealing is too long, austenite grains are coarsened. Therefore, in the manufacturing method of the present invention, the soaking temperature during annealing is controlled to 780 to 820°C, and the annealing time is 40 to 200 s. After annealing, rapidly cooling is performed at a rate of 45 to 100 °C/s. The start temperature of rapidly cooling is 650 to 730°C, the aging temperature is 200 to 260 °C, and the overaging time is 100 to 400 s.

[0020] Further, in the manufacturing method of the present invention, in the step (5), in order to secure the flatness of the steel plate, a certain amount of levelling is required. However, if the levelling amount is too large, the yield strength will rise too much. Therefore, in the manufacturing method of the present invention, the levelling reduction ratio is controlled to 0.3% or less.

[0021] The cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel according to the present invention has a tensile strength of 1000 MPa or more, an elongation at break of 12% or more and excellent bending property. Therefore, the steel plates produced therefrom are suitable for use in the automotive industry, and are particularly suitable for preparing the frame and the back plate of seats.

[0022] The manufacturing method according to the present invention also has the above advantages.

Detailed Description



[0023] The cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel and the manufacturing method thereof according to the present invention will be further explained and illustrated below with reference to the specific Examples. However, the explanations and illustrations do not unduly limit the technical solutions of the present invention.

Examples 1-6 and Comparative Examples 1-9



[0024] Table 1 lists the mass percentages of chemical elements in the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steels of Examples 1-6 and the conventional steels of Comparative Examples 1-9.
Table 1
(wt%, the balance is Fe and other inevitable impurity elements other than P, S, N)
No.CSiMnPSCrMoNbTiAlNCa
Example 1 0.095 0.24 2.08 0.012 0.004 0.52 0.25 0.028 0.024 0.035 38ppm 0.004
Example 2 0.09 0.18 2.02 0.01 0.002 0.48 0.28 0.025 0.034 0.028 42ppm 0.003
Example 3 0.088 0.35 1.99 0.01 0.003 0.55 0.32 0.033 0.029 0.040 27ppm 0.003
Example 4 0.1 0.10 2.12 0.014 0.003 0.40 0.20 0.020 0.042 0.022 12ppm 0.001
Example 5 0.083 0.60 1.95 0.013 0.002 0.60 0.40 0.050 0.020 0.045 50ppm 0.002
Example 6 0.08 0.47 2.20 0.015 0.005 0.43 0.38 0.043 0.050 0.015 9ppm 0.005
Comparative Example 1 0.098 0.33 2.2 0.011 0.005 0.58 0.36 0.027 0.025 0.026 42ppm 0.002
Comparative Example 2 0.087 0.45 2.03 0.013 0.001 0.48 0.22 0.023 0.024 0.032 39ppm 0.002
Comparative Example 3 0.086 0.37 2.11 0.009 0.003 0.51 0.26 0.024 0.026 0.04 33ppm 0.005
Comparative Example 4 0.081 0.12 1.96 0.006 0.004 0.43 0.21 0.025 0.02 0.028 35ppm 0.002
Comparative Example 5 0.091 0.36 2.08 0.007 0.006 0.47 0.28 0.022 0.025 0.028 40ppm 0.004
Comparative Example 6 0.079 0.42 2.04 0.01 0.004 0.44 0.3 0.029 0.029 0.019 30ppm 0.002
Comparative Example 7 0.089 0.28 1.97 0.014 0.005 0.66 0.21 0.024 0.022 0.025 28ppm 0.002
Comparative Example 8 0.083 0.29 2.16 0.014 0.002 0.52 0.23 0.026 0.028 0.033 35ppm 0.001
Comparative Example 9 0.101 0.25 2.09 0.008 0.007 0.49 0.25 0.025 0.026 0.024 38ppm 0.004


[0025] The cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steels of Examples 1-6 and the conventional steels of Comparative Examples 1-9 are made into steel plates by a manufacturing method including the following steps:
  1. (1) smelting and casting according to the mass percentages of chemical elements listed in Table 1;
  2. (2) hot rolling: the slab was soaked at a temperature of 1200 to 1260 °C and then rolled; the finish rolling temperature was 840 to 930°C; after rolling, it was cooled at a rate of 20 to 70 °C/s, and then coiled; the coiling temperature was 500 to 620°C;
  3. (3) cold rolling: the cold rolling reduction ratio was 65 to 78%;
  4. (4) annealing: the soaking temperature during annealing was 780 to 820°C, and the annealing time was 40 to 200 s; after annealing, rapidly cooling was performed at a rate of 45 to 100 °C/s; the start temperature of rapidly cooling was 650 to 730°C, the aging temperature was 200 to 260 °C, and the overaging time was 100 to 400 s;
  5. (5) temper rolling at a reduction ratio of 0.3% or less.


[0026] Table 2 lists the specific process parameters of the manufacturing methods of the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steels of Examples 1-6 and the conventional steels of Comparative Examples 1-9.
Table 2
No .Step (2)Step (3)Step (4)Step (5)
Soaking temperature (°C)Finish temperature (°C)Cooling rate (°C/s)Coiling temperature (°C)Cold rolling reduction (%)Soaking temperature during annealingAnnealing time (s)Rapid cooling rate (°C/s)Start temperature of rapidly cooling (°C)Aging temperature (°C)Overaging time (s)Temper rolling reduction (%)
Example 1 1240 895 20 580 78 785 40 60 670 250 200 0.2
Example 2 1230 880 30 590 70 790 80 45 660 230 100 0.1
Example 3 1250 900 60 570 65 800 120 70 650 240 300 0.2
Example 4 1200 930 70 620 72 810 160 55 730 200 400 0.3
Example 5 1210 850 40 540 75 820 180 85 690 220 150 0.1
Example 6 1260 840 50 500 68 780 200 100 700 260 350 0.1
Comparative Example 1 1220 830 40 610 70 820 40 60 650 210 250 0.3
Comparative Example 2 1210 860 50 580 75 800 50 80 700 200 350 0.1
Comparative Example 3 1270 920 40 540 82 795 70 75 680 260 200 0.1
Comparative Example 4 1190 910 30 550 66 775 60 40 690 240 150 0.1
Comparative Example 5 1250 890 20 630 74 800 160 100 710 230 100 0.2
Comparative Example 6 1200 820 50 600 66 805 120 95 720 220 250 0.3
Comparative Example 7 1240 870 30 620 69 780 100 65 640 250 400 0.1
Comparative Example 8 1210 950 40 585 68 810 80 45 670 210 350 0.2
Comparative Example 9 1200 900 20 565 71 795 150 60 740 240 300 0.2


[0027] Table 3 lists the typical microstructure, mechanical properties, and bending property of steel plates made of the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steels of Examples 1-6 and the conventional steels of Comparative Examples 1-9.
Table 3.
 MicrostructureMechanical propertyPlate thickness (mm)Ultimate bending radius/plate thickness
Ratio of ferrite phase (%)Ratio of martensite phase (%)Ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phaseMartensite grain size (µm)No. Yield strength (MPa)Tensile strength (MPa)Elongation at break (%)
Example 1 26 74 2.85 3.75 702 1055 13 0.53 0.6
Example 2 34 66 1.94 4.29 675 1036 15 0.66 0.5
Example 3 43 57 1.33 5.5 643 1028 14 0.72 0.57
Example 4 50 50 1.0 3.0 735 1072 12 0.70 0.55
Example 5 45 55 1.22 4.5 624 1011 15 0.56 0.62
Example 6 20 80 4.0 6.0 608 1002 16 0.68 0.59
Comparative Example 1 8 92 11.5 2.16 822 1126 7 0.58 1.72
Comparative Example 2 17 83 4.88 5.11 696 1045 12 0.64 1.02
Comparative Example 3 24 76 3.17 8.58 763 1087 10 0.67 1.24
Comparative Example 4 65 35 0.54 4.74 522 874 21 0.62 0.54
Comparative Example 5 22 78 3.55 1.43 726 1074 11 0.54 0.98
Comparative Example 6 42 58 1.38 6.77 693 1042 11 0.62 1.16
Comparative Example 7 14 86 6.42 4.65 688 1039 12 0.69 0.94
Comparative Example 8 52 48 0.92 7.95 663 1032 14 0.59 1.07
Comparative Example 9 36 64 1.78 2.57 677 1045 13 0.68 0.93


[0028] As can be seen from table 3, each of the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steels of Examples 1-6 has a tensile strength of 1000 MPa or more, an elongation at break of 12% or more, and a microstructure of ferrite and martensite, wherein the ratio of martensite phase is 50% or more, and the ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phase is more than 1 and less than 4, and the average grain size of martensite is 3 to 6 µm. The steel plate of each of the Examples has a thickness of 0.5 to 0.7 mm. It can be seen that the steel plate made of the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel of each of the Examples of the present invention has the advantages of high strength, thin thickness, and good bending property.

[0029] It should be noted that the above are merely illustrative of specific Examples of the invention. It is obvious that the present invention is not limited to above Examples, but has many similar variations. All variations that can be directly derived or conceived by those skilled in the art from this disclosure are intended to be within the scope of the present invention.


Claims

1. A cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel, wherein the steel has a microstructure of ferrite and martensite, and comprises the following chemical elements in mass percentage:
0.08% to 0.1% of C, 1.95% to 2.2% of Mn, 0.1% to 0.6% of Si, 0.020% to 0.050% of Nb, 0.020% to 0.050% of Ti, 0.015% to 0.045% of Als, 0.40% to 0.60% of Cr, 0.2% to 0.4% of Mo, 0.001% to 0.005% of Ca, and the balance being Fe and other inevitable impurities.
 
2. The cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ratio of martensite phase is 50% or more, and the ratio of martensite phase to ferrite phase is more than 1 and less than 4.
 
3. The cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the martensite has an average grain size of 3 to 6 µm.
 
4. The cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel has a tensile strength of 1000 MPa or more and an elongation at break of 12% or more.
 
5. A cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel plate made of the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4.
 
6. The cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel plate as claimed in claim 5, wherein the steel plate has a thickness of 0.5 to 0.7 mm.
 
7. A method for manufacturing the cold-rolled annealed dual-phase steel plate as claimed in claim 5 or 6, comprising the steps of:

(1) smelting and casting;

(2) hot rolling;

(3) cold rolling;

(4) annealing;

(5) temper rolling.


 
8. The method as claimed in claim 7, wherein in the step (2), a slab is soaked at a temperature of 1200 to 1260°C, then rolled wherein finish rolling temperature is controlled to 840∼930°C; after rolling, resultant steel plate is cooled at a rate of 20 to 70 °C/s; and then coiled at a temperature of 500∼620°C.
 
9. The method as claimed in claim 7, wherein in the step (3), a cold rolling reduction ratio is controlled to 65 to 78%.
 
10. The method as claimed in claim 7, wherein in the step (4), soaking temperature during annealing is 780 to 820°C, and annealing time is 40 to 200 s; after annealing, rapidly cooling is performed at a rate of 45 to 100 °C/s, and start temperature of rapidly cooling is 650 to 730°C, aging temperature is 200 to 260°C, and overaging time is 100 to 400 s.
 
11. The method as claimed in claim 7, wherein in the step (5), temper rolling is performed at a reduction ratio of 0.3% or less.