(19)
(11)EP 3 647 847 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 19839088.2

(22)Date of filing:  31.07.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G02B 6/44  (2006.01)
C08K 3/04  (2006.01)
C08K 3/32  (2006.01)
C08L 23/08  (2006.01)
C08K 3/22  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2019/098726
(87)International publication number:
WO 2020/029856 (13.02.2020 Gazette  2020/07)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 07.08.2018 CN 201810892061

(71)Applicant: Hengtong Optic-Electric Co., Ltd.
Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • WANG, Rui
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • LI, Wei
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • ZHOU, Feng
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • FEI, Huaqing
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Xiaoshan
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • SHI, Huiping
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • WANG, Yuliang
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • LIU, Peidong
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • WU, Di
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)
  • HAN, Yufeng
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215234 (CN)

(74)Representative: Von Rohr Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB 
Rüttenscheider Straße 62
45130 Essen
45130 Essen (DE)

  


(54)FLAME-RETARDANT AIR JETTED MICRO-CABLE


(57) A flame retardant air-blown microcable, comprising a central reinforcement member (1), wherein a loose tube (2) is stranded on an outer surface of the central reinforcement member (1), an optical fiber unit (4) and a first water blocking substance are provided in the loose tube (2), wherein the optical fiber unit (4) is an optical fiber bundle, the first water blocking substance is a water-blocking fiber paste, an outer sheath (6) is clad on an outer surface of the stranded loose tube (2), and the outer sheath (6) is further filled therein with a cable paste (7). The outer sheath (6) comprises following components: 50-60 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, flame retardant, synergistic flame retardant, plasticizer, lubricant, coupling agent, compatilizer, antioxidant, carbon black, and amide slipping agent. It has a small preparation thickness, effectively ensuring the mechanical performances, and has good flame-retardant performance, ensuring excellent performances of the optical cable such as meeting requirement of category C bunched combustion, high light transmittance, and a low acid value.




Description

Cross-reference to Related Application



[0001] The present disclosure claims the priority to the Chinese Patent Application with the filing No. 201810892061.1, filed on August 7, 2018 with the State Intellectual Property Office of China, entitled "Flame Retardant Air-blown Microcable", the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference in entirety.

Technical Field



[0002] The present disclosure relates to the field of communications, in particular to a flame retardant air-blown microcable.

Background Art



[0003] With the increasing network coverage density of communication operators, optical cables are arranged densely day by day. Pipeline air-blown microcables are laid for most indoor connections, but the optical cables usually in turn are direct causes of fire disasters, leading to quick expansion and spreading of fire disasters, and damaging costly electronic instrument and devices, thus affecting normal operation of the whole circuit and even causing paralysis. A lot of smoke generated in combustion threatens people's safety, therefore, various major manufacturers are researching and developing flame retardant air-blown microcables with high flame retardance, a low smoke quantity, a low heat release value, and a low acid degree, but in practical processes, quite satisfactory effects still have not been achieved. Generally, there are problems that the flame retardant effect is relatively good, but when preparing optical cable jackets, a big molding thickness cannot ensure mechanical performances, while some formulas capable of preparing a small thickness have poor flame retardant effects.

Summary



[0004] A technical problem to be solved by the present disclosure is to provide a flame retardant air-blown microcable, which has a small preparation thickness, effectively ensures mechanical performances, and has good flame retardant performance, ensuring excellent performances of the optical cable such as meeting requirement of category C bunched combustion, high light transmittance, and a low acid value.

[0005] In order to solve the above technical problem, the present disclosure provides a flame retardant air-blown microcable, comprising a central reinforcement member, wherein a loose tube is stranded on an outer surface of the central reinforcement member, an optical fiber unit and a first water blocking substance are provided in the loose tube, wherein the optical fiber unit is an optical fiber bundle, the first water blocking substance is a water-blocking fiber paste, an outer sheath is clad on an outer surface of the stranded loose tube, and the outer sheath is further filled therein with a cable paste; the outer sheath includes following components in parts by weight: 50-60 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 40-50 parts of linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 45-60 parts of flame retardant, 8-12 parts of synergistic flame retardant, 8-12 parts of plasticizer, 1-4 parts of lubricant, 1-4 parts of coupling agent, 1-3 parts of compatilizer, 1-3 parts of antioxidant, 2-3 parts of carbon black, and 1-2 parts of amide slipping agent.

[0006] In one or more embodiments, the flame retardant is inorganic metal hydroxide; for example, the flame retardant is one or more selected from the group consisting of aluminum sodium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide; in one or more embodiments, the flame retardant is inorganic magnesium hydroxide.

[0007] In one or more embodiments, the synergistic flame retardant is ammonium polyphosphate.

[0008] In one or more embodiments, the outer sheath has a thickness of 0.7-1.3 mm; for example, the outer sheath has a thickness of 0.7-1.0 mm; for instance, the outer sheath has a thickness of 1 mm.

[0009] In one or more embodiments, the outer sheath includes following components in parts by weight: 50-55 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 40-45 parts of linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 45-55 parts of flame retardant, 8-9 parts of synergistic flame retardant, 8-11 parts of plasticizer, 1-3 parts of lubricant, 1-2 parts of coupling agent, 1-2 parts of compatilizer, 1-2 parts of antioxidant, 2-2.5 parts of carbon black, and 1-1.5 parts of amide slipping agent.

[0010] In one or more embodiments, the outer sheath includes following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 45 parts of linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 55 parts of flame retardant, 9 parts of synergistic flame retardant, 11 parts of plasticizer, 3 parts of lubricant, 2 parts of coupling agent, 2 parts of compatilizer, 2 parts of antioxidant, 2 parts of carbon black, and 1 part of amide slipping agent.

[0011] In one or more embodiments, the cable paste includes following components in parts by weight: 70-88 parts of base oil, 20-25 parts of methyl silicone oil, 2-4 parts of gelatinizing agent, 3-5 parts of antioxidant, 5-9 parts of hydrogen getter, 3-9 parts of boron nitride, 6-15 parts of silicone, 8-16 parts of fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 15-18 parts of nano ATO aqueous slurry.

[0012] In one or more embodiments, the cable paste includes following components in parts by weight: 70-80 parts of base oil, 20-23 parts of methyl silicone oil, 2-3 parts of gelatinizing agent, 3-4 parts of antioxidant, 5-8 parts of hydrogen getter, 3-6 parts of boron nitride, 6-12 parts of silicone, 8-15 parts of fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 15-16 parts of nano ATO aqueous slurry.

[0013] In one or more embodiments, the cable paste includes following components in parts by weight: 80 parts of base oil, 23 parts of methyl silicone oil, 3 parts of gelatinizing agent, 4 parts of antioxidant, 8 parts of hydrogen getter, 6 parts of boron nitride, 12 parts of silicone, 15 parts of fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 16 parts of nano ATO aqueous slurry.

[0014] In one or more embodiments, on the outer surface of the stranded loose tube an armor layer is further clad, wherein the outer sheath is clad on an outer surface of the armor layer, a surface of the armor layer located at one side of the outer sheath is provided with a plurality of support ribs arranged along an axial direction of the armor layer, a filling cavity is formed through cooperation of two adjacent support ribs and the surface of the armor layer, and a flame retardant gel is provided inside the filling cavity.

[0015] In one or more embodiments, a shielding layer is further provided between the outer sheath and the armor layer, wherein the shielding layer is woven by zinc-plated steel wires, with a weaving density of no less than 90%.

[0016] In one or more embodiments, on an inner wall of the loose tube four V-shape recesses are provided, the V-shape recesses are provided along an axial direction, the four V-shape recesses are arranged to cooperate pairwise, the inner wall of the loose tube between two V-shape recesses is provided as an easy-to-pull strip, two easy-to-pull strips are provide opposite, and the surface of the loose tube corresponding to the easy-to-pull strip is cut to have breaking indentations.

[0017] The present disclosure further provides a method for preparing a flame retardant air-blown microcable, produced using a mold core and a mold sleeve through a secondary coating process.

[0018] The present disclosure further provides use of the above flame retardant air-blown microcable in metropolitan area network, access network and fiber to the home.

[0019] The present disclosure has following beneficial effects.

[0020] The flame retardant air-blown microcable innovatively adopts the outer sheath made of the new high-performance, low-smoke, halogen-free material, such that a finished optical cable has good mechanical performances, low-friction performance of the outer surface of the optical cable ensures good air-blowing effect, thus providing a solution to optical cable pipeline connection, and improving a utilization ratio of pipeline resources. Besides, when a fire disaster is happening, the high-performance, low-smoke, halogen-free outer sheath material allows the optical cable to have a small quantity of smoke generated, a low heat release value, a low acid value, with a low spreading rate of fire disaster, which is environment-friendly and safe, and contributes to multi-network integration.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0021] 

FIG. 1 is an overall structural schematic diagram of the present disclosure;

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a cross-section portion of a loose tube of the present disclosure; and

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a surface of the loose tube of the present disclosure.


Detailed Description of Embodiments



[0022] The present disclosure is further described below in combination with accompanying drawings and embodiments, such that a person skilled in the art could understand the present disclosure in a better way and implement the present disclosure, but the embodiments illustrated are not limitation on the present disclosure.

[0023] Referring to what is shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, a flame retardant air-blown microcable in an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a central reinforcement member 1, loose tubes 2 are stranded on an outer surface of the central reinforcement member, an optical fiber unit 4 and a first water blocking substance 5 are provided in the loose tube, wherein the optical fiber unit is an optical fiber bundle, the first water blocking substance is a water-blocking fiber paste, an outer sheath 6 is clad on an outer surface of the stranded loose tube, and the outer sheath is further filled therein with a cable paste 7.

[0024] Different from conventional air-blown microcable products, the flame retardant air-blown microcable newly developed in the present disclosure, using a low-smoke, halogen-free, low-friction outer sheath material, not only allows the optical cable to have good air-blowing performance, wherein more than 1 KM can be air-blown once, ensuring mechanical performances of the optical cable, but also endows the optical cable with good flame retardant performance, and guarantees excellent performances of the optical cable such as meeting requirement of category C bunched combustion, high light transmittance, and a low acid value.

[0025] What is the most important for the flame retardant air-blown microcable is protection of the outer sheath. The outer sheath contacts a combustion source first, therefore, a new high-performance, low-smoke, halogen-free material needs to be used for the outer sheath. A formula provided in the present disclosure can allow a finished optical cable to have good mechanical performances, low-friction performance of an outer surface of the optical cable ensures good air-blown effect, thus providing a solution to optical cable pipeline connection, and improving a utilization ratio of pipeline resources. Besides, when a fire disaster is happening, the high-performance, low-smoke, halogen-free outer sheath material allows the optical cable to have a small quantity of smoke generated, a low heat release value, a low acid value, with a low spreading rate of fire disaster, which is environment-friendly and safe, and contributes to multi-network integration.

[0026] The formula of the present disclosure adopts inorganic magnesium hydroxide as a flame retardant, and ammonium polyphosphate as a synergistic flame retardant, ensuring that the sheath material meets requirement of category C bunched combustion, and has high light transmittance, a low acid value, and a reduced surface friction coefficient. Specific formula components are as follows: the outer sheath includes following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 45 parts of linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 55 parts of flame retardant, 9 parts of synergistic flame retardant, 11 parts of plasticizer, 3 parts of lubricant, 2 parts of coupling agent, 2 parts of compatilizer, 2 parts of antioxidant, 2 parts of carbon black, and 1 part of amide slipping agent.

[0027] In production, a secondary coating manufacturing process is adopted for the flame retardant air-blown microcable. By using a mold core and a mold sleeve, an outer diameter and a wall thickness of the loose tube are reduced, facilitating the laying of the air-blown microcable in a better way. Meanwhile, a production speed is controlled to ensure appearance and quality of the loose tube, at the same time, it also can be guaranteed that an excess length of the optical fiber inside can be precisely controlled, such that the optical fiber inside is superior to common optical fibers in transmission performance.

[0028] When SZ stranding is needed, a stranding operation can be carried out.

[0029] Subsequently, the outer sheath is prepared. The flame retardant air-blown microcable not only ensures the air-blowing performance, but also guarantees the flame retardant performance, then the thickness of the outer sheath is minimized in the precondition of assuring the flame retardant performance of the optical cable. The outer sheath formed with the above formula can have a thickness of 0.7-1.3 mm. The wall thickness of the outer sheath is precisely controlled, at the same time, an evacuating device is adopted, a stripe depth on the outer surface of the optical cable is precisely controlled to be 0.2±0.1 mm, ensuring that airflow can generate a maximum pushing force on the surface of the optical cable so as to assure the air-blowing performance, and reduce the production and maintenance costs of the optical fiber.

[0030] The flame retardant air-blown microcable, with use of the novel low-smoke, halogen-free material and precise process control, not only can achieve relatively high rigidity, tenacity and air-blowing performance the common microcables cannot achieve, but also realize characteristics such as high density, small cable diameter, and light weight of optical fiber packing required by laying optical cables in an air-blowing manner. A non-metal structure used can effectively prevent lightning stroke and strong electricity. A specially designed compact optical cable structure thereof can effectively prevent the sheath from retracting, and the high-flame-retardant, low-smoke, halogen-free outer sheath material can sufficiently ensure a small quantity of smoke generated, low heat release and a low acid value of the optical cable, with a low spreading rate of fire disaster, moreover, the production and later maintenance costs of the optical cable are reduced, therefore, it is the best option for the air-blowing laying manner, effectively solving the problems of high cost, highly difficult construction, and poor expansion and upgrading capabilities of current common optical cables.

[0031] In an embodiment, the outer sheath includes following components in parts by weight: 50 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 40 parts of linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 45 parts of flame retardant, 8 parts of synergistic flame retardant, 8 parts of plasticizer, 1 part of lubricant, 1 part of coupling agent, 1 part of compatilizer, 1 part of antioxidant, 2 parts of carbon black, and 1 part of amide slipping agent.

[0032] In an embodiment, the outer sheath includes following components in parts by weight: 60 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 50 parts of linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 60 parts of flame retardant, 12 parts of synergistic flame retardant, 12 parts of plasticizer, 4 parts of lubricant, 4 parts of coupling agent, 3 parts of compatilizer, 3 parts of antioxidant, 3 parts of carbon black, and 2 part of amide slipping agent.

[0033] In multiple embodiments above, the flame retardant is inorganic magnesium hydroxide, and the synergistic flame retardant is ammonium polyphosphate, greatly improving the flame retardant effect.

[0034] In order to improve the high-temperature resistant effect, the cable paste includes following components in parts by weight: 80 parts of base oil, 23 parts of methyl silicone oil, 3 parts of gelatinizing agent, 4 parts of antioxidant, 8 parts of hydrogen getter, 6 parts of boron nitride, 12 parts of silicone, 15 parts of fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 16 parts of nano ATO aqueous slurry. This cable paste formula has good heat insulation effect in a high-temperature environment, and a low self heat conduction efficiency, effectively protecting the optical fiber inside, and further has good elasticity in use, overall structural stability, and a small expansion coefficient, so as to ensure overall reliability of the optical cable.

[0035] In an embodiment, the cable paste includes following components in parts by weight: 88 parts of base oil, 25 parts of methyl silicone oil, 4 parts of gelatinizing agent, 5 parts of antioxidant, 9 parts of hydrogen getter, 9 parts of boron nitride, 15 parts of silicone, 16 parts of fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 18 parts of nano ATO aqueous slurry.

[0036] In an embodiment, the cable paste includes following components in parts by weight: 70 parts of base oil, 20 parts of methyl silicone oil, 2 parts of gelatinizing agent, 3 parts of antioxidant, 5 parts of hydrogen getter, 3 parts of boron nitride, 6 parts of silicone, 8 parts of fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 15 parts of nano ATO aqueous slurry.

[0037] On an outer surface of the stranded loose tube an armor layer 8 is further clad, wherein the outer sheath is clad on an outer surface of the armor layer, a surface of the armor layer located at one side of the outer sheath is provided with a plurality of support ribs arranged along an axial direction of the armor layer, a filling cavity is formed through cooperation of two adjacent support ribs and the surface of the armor layer, and a flame retardant gel 9 is provided inside the filling cavity. The armor layer and the outer sheath cooperate to form two-layer protective effect; the support ribs can abut against the outer sheath, and when the outer sheath is extruded to mold, the support ribs will form certain fused integration with the outer sheath due to a high temperature, achieving better connection effect. Moreover, the filling cavity formed by two adjacent support ribs also can effectively retain the flame retardant gel, avoiding damage to the flame retardant gel in high-temperature preparation. The flame retardant gel can delay the combustion time, and also has certain effect of blocking open fire, moreover, and there is only a small quantity of smoke after combustion, effectively ensuring the flame retardant effect of the optical cable.

[0038] A shielding layer 10 is further provided between the outer sheath and the armor layer, wherein the shielding layer is woven by zinc-plated steel wires, with a weaving density of no less than 90%. The shielding layer can block open fire, effectively protect signal transmission of the optical cable against interference, and effectively retain the flame retardant gel within the filing cavity, then the manufacturing is more convenient and fast, and the optical cable further can have improved bending performance, and is not easily damaged.

[0039] As the optical fiber needs to be drawn out when the optical cable is connected, and the optical fiber will be damaged if a stripping tool is used, on an inner wall of the loose tube four V-shape recesses 11 are provided, wherein the V-shape recesses are provided along an axial direction, the four V-shape recesses are arranged to cooperate pairwise, the inner wall of the loose tube between two V-shape recesses is provided as an easy-to-pull strip 12, wherein two easy-to-pull strips are provide opposite, and the surface of the loose tube corresponding to the easy-to-pull strip is cut to have breaking indentations 13. When stripping out the optical fiber, it only needs to pull the easy-to-pull strip, and as the V-shape recesses are provided at two sides of the easy-to-pull strip on the inner wall, the easy-to-pull strip and the loose tube body can be easily separated, and the V-shape recesses serve a guiding effect for breaking; after a long enough length is stripped, the breaking indentations on the easy-to-pull strip enables the separated easy-to-pull strip to be quickly pulled apart through the breaking indentations, preventing the non-separated easy-to-pull strip from being pulled to be separated from the loose tube body.

[0040] The above embodiments are merely preferred embodiments illustrated for fully explaining the present disclosure, while the scope of protection of the present disclosure is not limited thereto. All equivalent substitutions or modifications made by a person skilled in the art on the basis of the present disclosure are within the scope of protection of the present disclosure. The scope of protection of the present disclosure is determined by the claims.

Industrial Applicability:



[0041] The flame retardant air-blown microcable innovatively adopts the outer sheath made of the new high-performance, low-smoke, halogen-free material, such that the finished optical cable has good mechanical performances, the low-friction performance of the outer surface of the optical cable ensures good air-blowing effect, thus providing a solution to optical cable pipeline connection, and improving a utilization ratio of pipeline resources. Besides, when a fire disaster is happening, the high-performance, low-smoke, halogen-free outer sheath material allows the optical cable to have a small quantity of smoke generated, a low heat release value, a low acid value, with a low spreading rate of fire disaster, which is environment-friendly and safe, and contributes to multi-network integration.


Claims

1. A flame retardant air-blown microcable, characterized by comprising a central reinforcement member (1), wherein a loose tube (2) is stranded on an outer surface of the central reinforcement member (1), an optical fiber unit (4) and a first water blocking substance are provided in the loose tube (2), wherein the optical fiber unit (4) is an optical fiber bundle, the first water blocking substance is a water-blocking fiber paste, an outer sheath (6) is clad on an outer surface of the stranded loose tube (2), and the outer sheath (6) is further filled therein with a cable paste (7), the outer sheath (6) comprises following components in parts by weight: 50-60 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 40-50 parts of linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 45-60 parts of flame retardant, 8-12 parts of synergistic flame retardant, 8-12 parts of plasticizer, 1-4 parts of lubricant, 1-4 parts of coupling agent, 1-3 parts of compatilizer, 1-3 parts of antioxidant, 2-3 parts of carbon black, and 1-2 parts of amide slipping agent.
 
2. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, wherein the flame retardant is inorganic metal hydroxide.
 
3. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 2, wherein the flame retardant is one or more selected from the group consisting of aluminum sodium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide.
 
4. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, wherein the flame retardant is inorganic magnesium hydroxide.
 
5. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, wherein the synergistic flame retardant is ammonium polyphosphate.
 
6. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, wherein the outer sheath (6) has a thickness of 0.7-1.3 mm.
 
7. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 6, wherein the outer sheath (6) has a thickness of 0.7-1.0 mm.
 
8. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 7, wherein the outer sheath (6) has a thickness of 1.0 mm.
 
9. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, wherein the outer sheath (6) comprises following components in parts by weight: 50-55 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 40-45 parts of linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 45-55 parts of flame retardant, 8-9 parts of synergistic flame retardant, 8-11 parts of plasticizer, 1-3 parts of lubricant, 1-2 parts of coupling agent, 1-2 parts of compatilizer, 1-2 parts of antioxidant, 2-2.5 parts of carbon black, and 1-1.5 parts of amide slipping agent.
 
10. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 9, wherein the outer sheath (6) comprises following components in parts by weight: 55 parts of the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer EVA, 45 parts of the linear low-density polyethylene LLDPE, 55 parts of the flame retardant, 9 parts of the synergistic flame retardant, 11 parts of the plasticizer, 3 parts of the lubricant, 2 parts of the coupling agent, 2 parts of the compatilizer, 2 parts of the antioxidant, 2 parts of the carbon black, and 1 part of the amide slipping agent.
 
11. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, wherein the cable paste (7) comprises following components in parts by weight: 70-88 parts of base oil, 20-25 parts of methyl silicone oil, 2-4 parts of gelatinizing agent, 3-5 parts of antioxidant, 5-9 parts of hydrogen getter, 3-9 parts of boron nitride, 6-15 parts of silicone, 8-16 parts of fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 15-18 parts of nano ATO aqueous slurry.
 
12. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 11, wherein the cable paste (7) comprises following components in parts by weight: 70-80 parts of the base oil, 20-23 parts of the methyl silicone oil, 2-3 parts of the gelatinizing agent, 3-4 parts of the antioxidant, 5-8 parts of the hydrogen getter, 3-6 parts of the boron nitride, 6-12 parts of the silicone, 8-15 parts of the fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 15-16 parts of the nano ATO aqueous slurry.
 
13. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 12, wherein the cable paste (7) comprises following components in parts by weight: 80 parts of the base oil, 23 parts of the methyl silicone oil, 3 parts of the gelatinizing agent, 4 parts of the antioxidant, 8 parts of the hydrogen getter, 6 parts of the boron nitride, 12 parts of the silicone, 15 parts of the fluorosilicone-monomer-modified elastic acrylic emulsion and 16 parts of the nano ATO aqueous slurry.
 
14. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, wherein an armor layer (8) is further clad on the outer surface of the stranded loose tube (2), wherein the outer sheath (6) is clad on an outer surface of the armor layer (8), a surface of the armor layer (8) located at one side of the outer sheath (6) is provided with a plurality of support ribs arranged along an axial direction of the armor layer (8), a filling cavity is formed through cooperation of two adjacent support ribs and the surface of the armor layer (8), and a flame retardant gel (9) is provided inside the filling cavity.
 
15. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 14, wherein a shielding layer (10) is further provided between the outer sheath (6) and the armor layer (8), wherein the shielding layer (10) is woven by zinc-plated steel wires, with a weaving density of no less than 90%.
 
16. The flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 14, wherein four V-shape recesses are provided on an inner wall of the loose tube (2), the V-shape recesses are provided along an axial direction, the four V-shape recesses are arranged to cooperate pairwise, the inner wall of the loose tube (2) between two of the V-shape recesses is provided as an easy-to-pull strip, two easy-to-pull strips are provide opposite, and the surface of the loose tube (2) corresponding to the easy-to-pull strip is cut to have breaking indentations.
 
17. A method for preparing the flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, produced using a mold core and a mold sleeve through a secondary coating process.
 
18. Use of the flame retardant air-blown microcable according to claim 1, in metropolitan area network, access network and fiber to a home.
 




Drawing






















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description