(19)
(11)EP 3 649 363 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.09.2023 Bulletin 2023/37

(21)Application number: 18746435.9

(22)Date of filing:  09.07.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16D 11/14(2006.01)
F16D 43/202(2006.01)
F16D 41/22(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
F16D 11/14; F16D 41/22; F16D 43/2024
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2018/041203
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/010475 (10.01.2019 Gazette  2019/02)

(54)

DISPLACEMENT-ACTUATED POSITIVE-DRIVE CLUTCH

VERLAGERUNGSBETÄTIGTE KUPPLUNG MIT FORMSCHLÜSSIGEM ANTRIEB

EMBRAYAGE À ENTRAÎNEMENT POSITIF ACTIONNÉ PAR DÉPLACEMENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.07.2017 US 201762529717 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(73)Proprietor: Parker-Hannifin Corporation
Cleveland, OH 44124 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • HEDGE, Jonathan, S.
    Cleveland, OH 44124 (US)

(74)Representative: Murgitroyd & Company 
Murgitroyd House 165-169 Scotland Street
Glasgow G5 8PL
Glasgow G5 8PL (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 3 016 122
US-A- 4 271 941
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] This invention relates in general to clutches for selectively connecting a rotatably driving member to a rotatably driven member for concurrent rotation. In particular, this invention relates to an improved structure for a positive-drive clutch that is automatically actuated by relative rotational movement between the driving member and the driven member so as to cause a positive engagement therebetween.

    [0002] A clutch is a well-known structure that is commonly used for selectively connecting a rotatably driving member to a rotatably driven member for concurrent rotation. In some types of clutches, the rotatably driving member and the rotatably driven member are each provided with one or more positive engagement structures, such as interlocking teeth or projecting lugs. When the clutch is engaged, the respective interlocking teeth or projecting lugs rotationally engage one another such that the rotatably driving member positively rotatably drives the rotatably driven member. When the clutch is disengaged, the respective interlocking teeth or projecting lugs do not rotationally engage one another such that the rotatably driving member does not rotatably drive the rotatably driven member. These direct mechanical and blocking engagement clutches are often referred to as positive-drive or no-slip clutches to distinguish them from other types of clutches, such as those in which the driving member rotatably drives the driven member by means of frictional contact between non-positively rotationally engaging surfaces.

    [0003] The engagement and disengagement of a clutch is typically initiated by either a basic force (such as, for example, the depression of a clutch pedal by a foot of an operator) or by an intelligent control (such as, for example, an electro-mechanical actuator) in response to one or more operating conditions. However, in some instances, it is desirable to engage a clutch automatically in response to the occurrence of a predetermined amount of relative rotational displacement between the rotatably driving member and the rotatably driven member. Such a structure would allow the rotatably driven member to automatically engage the clutch after an effective delay from the initiation of rotation of the rotatably driving member.

    [0004] An example of an automatically engaging and disengaging overrunning clutch comprising a frictional retarder means is described in US 3016122. Another example of an automatically engaging and disengaging overrunning clutch which is retarder controlled is described in US 4271941.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] This invention relates to an improved structure for a clutch that is automatically engaged in response to the occurrence of a predetermined amount of relative rotational displacement between the rotatably driving member and the rotatably driven member so as to cause a positive engagement therebetween. The present invention provides a displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch as defined in appended claim 1. Optional features are defined in the appended dependent claims. The displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch of this invention includes an input member having a positive engagement structure provided thereon and an output member. A clutch plate is connected for rotation with and for axial movement relative to the output member. The clutch plate has a positive engagement structure provided thereon that positively engages the positive engagement structure provided on the input member to engage the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch automatically in response to the occurrence of a predetermined amount of relative rotational movement between the input member and the output member.

    [0006] Various aspects of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments, when read in light of the accompanying drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0007] 

    Fig. 1 an exploded perspective view of a first embodiment of a displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch in accordance with this invention.

    Fig. 2 is an end elevational view of the first embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch illustrated in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 3 is a sectional elevational view of the first embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch taken along line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

    Fig. 4 is an exploded perspective view of a second embodiment of a displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch in accordance with this invention.

    Fig. 5 is a perspective view, partially broken away, of the second embodiment of the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch illustrated in Fig. 4, showing the clutch in a disengaged condition.

    Fig. 6 is a perspective view similar to Fig. 5, showing the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch in an initial partially engaged condition.

    Fig. 7 is a perspective view similar to Fig. 6, showing the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch in a further partially engaged condition.

    Fig. 8 is a perspective view similar to Fig. 7, showing the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch in a still further partially engaged condition.

    Fig. 9 is a perspective view similar to Fig. 8, showing the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch in a fully engaged condition.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0008] Referring now to the drawings, there is illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, and 3 a first embodiment of a displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch, indicated generally at 10, in accordance with this invention. The first embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch 10 includes an input member, indicated generally at 11, that is adapted to be rotatably driven by a source of rotational energy (not shown) in a conventional manner. The illustrated input member 11 is a gear that includes an inner hollow sleeve portion 11a, a body portion 11b that extends generally radially outwardly from the inner hollow sleeve portion 11a, and a plurality of axially-extending teeth 11c provided on an outer periphery of the body portion 11b. However, the input member 11 may have any desired structure or geometry. The inner hollow sleeve portion 11a of the input member 11 may be rotatably supported on a conventional shaft or other support structure (not shown) by means of a conventional bearing 12.

    [0009] The input member 11 has one or more positive engagement structures provided thereon. As best shown in Fig. 1, the illustrated positive engagement structures are embodied as a plurality of axially-facing clutch dog recesses 11d provided in an axially-facing surface of the body portion 11b of the input member 11. However, any desired number (including only one) of such clutch dog recesses 11d or other positive engagement structures may be provided at any desired location or locations on the input member 11. The purpose of such positive engagement structures will be explained below.

    [0010] A stop arm 11e is supported on the input member 11 for rotation therewith. In the illustrated embodiment, the stop arm 11e is a generally L-shaped member having a first leg that is secured to the axially-facing surface of the body portion 11b of the input member 11 and a second leg that protrudes generally axially therefrom. However, the stop arm 11e may have any desired structure and may be formed integrally with the input member 11. The purpose of the stop arm 11e will also be explained below.

    [0011] The first embodiment of the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch 10 also includes an output member, indicated generally at 13, that may be connected to a rotatably driven device (not shown). The illustrated output member 13 is also a gear including an inner hollow sleeve portion 13a, a body portion 13b that extends generally radially outwardly from the inner hollow sleeve portion 13a, and a plurality of axially-extending teeth 13c provided on an outer periphery of the body portion 13b. However, the output member 13 may have any desired structure or geometry.

    [0012] The inner hollow sleeve portion 13a of the output member 13 may be rotatably supported on a conventional shaft or other support structure (not shown) by means of a conventional bearing 14. The inner hollow sleeve portion 13a of the output member 13 may also be rotatably supported on an outer surface or other portion of the inner hollow sleeve portion 11a of the input member 11, as shown in Fig. 3. As best shown in Fig. 1, the inner hollow sleeve portion 13a of the illustrated output member 13 has an outer surface that is splined. The purpose of the splined outer surface of the inner hollow sleeve portion 13a of the output member 13 will be explained below.

    [0013] An annular cover plate 15 is splined onto the splined outer surface of the inner hollow sleeve portion 13a of the output member 13. Thus, the cover plate 15 is connected to the output member 13 for concurrent rotation therewith and for axial movement relative thereto. The illustrated cover plate 15 is disposed adjacent to the body portion 13b of the output member 13, although such is not required.

    [0014] A clutch plate, indicated generally at 16, is also splined onto the splined outer surface of the inner hollow sleeve portion 13a of the output member 13. Thus, the clutch plate 16 is also connected to the output member 13 for concurrent rotation therewith and for axial movement relative thereto. The illustrated clutch plate 16 is disposed adjacent to the body portion 11b of the input member 11, although such is not required. The clutch plate 16 includes one or more axially facing cam recesses 16a that are provided on a first axially facing side thereof (facing toward the cover plate 15 and the output gear 13) for a purpose that will be explained below. The clutch plate 16 also has one or more positive engagement structures provided thereon. As best shown in Fig. 1, the illustrated positive engagement structures are embodied as a plurality of clutch dogs 16b that are provided on a second axially facing side thereof (opposite to the first axially facing side and facing toward the input member 11). However, any desired number (including only one) of such clutch dogs 16b or other positive engagement structures may be provided at any desired location or locations on the clutch plate 16. The purpose of such positive engagement structures will be explained below.

    [0015] A cam plate, indicated generally at 17, is supported for rotation relative to the clutch plate 16, the cover plate 15, and the output member 13. In the illustrated embodiment, the cam plate 17 is rotatably supported (i.e., not splined) on a portion of the clutch plate 16, although such is not required. Also, in the illustrated embodiment, the cam plate 17 is located between the cover plate 15 and the clutch plate 16, although again such is not required. The cam plate 17 includes one or more axially facing cams 17a that are provided on an axially facing side thereof (facing toward the clutch plate 16 and the input member 11) for a purpose that will be explained below. The cam plate 17 also includes a stop arm recess or abutment surface 17b that is provided on the same axially facing side thereof for a purpose that will also be explained below.

    [0016] As best shown in Figs. 1 and 3, the first embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch 10 may be assembled by initially securing the stop arm 11e to the axially-facing surface of the body portion 11b of the input member 11 for rotation therewith. As mentioned above, the second leg of the stop arm 11e thus protrudes generally axially from the body portion 11b of the input member 11 toward the output member 13. Then, the clutch plate 16, the cam plate 17, and the cover plate 15 are assembled onto the input member 11. If desired, a first retaining ring 18a may be provided to retain the clutch plate 16, the cam plate 17, and the cover plate 15 on the input member 11, as best shown in Fig. 3. Lastly, the output member 13 is assembled onto the input member 11 by inserting the inner hollow sleeve portion 13a of the output member 13 through the clutch plate 16 and the cover plate 15 such that the splined outer surface engages the clutch plate 16 and the cover plate 15 for concurrent rotation, as discussed above. If desired, a second retaining ring 18b may be provided to position the clutch plate 16, the cam plate 17, the cover plate 15, and the input member 11 on the output member 13, as best shown in Fig. 3.

    [0017] The operation of the first embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch 10 will now be described. Initially, the input member 11 and the output member 13 are not rotatably driven and are positioned such that the clutch dogs 16b provided on the second side of the clutch plate 16 do not extend into the clutch dog recesses 11d provided on the input member 11. As a result, the first embodiment of the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch 10 is disengaged, and the input member 11 of the clutch 10 is not connected to positively rotatably drive the output member 13. Also, the cams 17a provided on the cam plate 17 extend within the cam recesses 16a provided on the first side of the clutch plate 16.

    [0018] When the source of rotational energy is subsequently actuated, the input member 11 initially rotates relative to the output member 13 because of the inertial load of the rotatably driven device that is connected to the output member 13. The stop arm 11e provided on the input member 11 engages the end of the stop arm recess 17b provided on the cam plate 17. This engagement causes the cam plate 17 to rotate with the input member 11. Thus, both the input member 11 and the cam plate 17 initially rotate relative to the cover plate 15, the clutch plate 16, and the output member 13. Such relative rotation between the cam plate 17 (which is connected to the input member 11) and the clutch plate 16 (which is connected to the output member 13) causes the cams 17a provided on the cam plate 17 to rotationally engage the cam recesses 16a provided on the first side of the clutch plate 16. This engagement causes the clutch plate 16 to move axially away from the output member 13 and toward the input member 11as the cams 17a provided on the cam plate 17 are moved out of the cam recesses 16a provided on the first side of the clutch plate 16.

    [0019] As a result of such axial movement, the clutch dogs 16b provided on the second side of the clutch plate 16 move axially into the clutch dog recesses 11d provided on the input member 11. Thus, the clutch plate 16 (as well as the cover plate 15 and the output member 13 connected thereto) is connected to rotate with the input member 11. Consequently, the first embodiment of the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch 10 is engaged such that the input member 11 positively rotatably drives the output member 13.

    [0020] Referring now to Figs. 4 through 9 of the drawings, there is illustrated a second embodiment of a displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch, indicated generally at 20, in accordance with this invention. The second embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch 20 includes an input member, indicated generally at 21, that is adapted to be rotatably driven by a source of rotational energy (not shown) in a conventional manner. The illustrated input member 21 is a gear that includes an inner hollow sleeve portion 21a, a body portion 21b that extends generally radially outwardly from the inner hollow sleeve portion 21a, and a plurality of axially- extending teeth (not shown) provided on an outer periphery 21c of the body portion 21b. However, the input member 21 may have any desired structure or geometry. The inner hollow sleeve portion 21a of the input member 21 may be rotatably supported on a conventional shaft or other support structure (not shown) by means of a conventional bearing (not shown).

    [0021] The input member 21 has one or more positive engagement structures provided thereon. As best shown in Fig. 4, the illustrated positive engagement structures are embodied as a plurality of axially-facing clutch dog recesses 21d provided in an axially-facing surface of the body portion 21b of the input member 21. However, any desired number (including only one) of such clutch dog recesses 21d or other positive engagement structures may be provided at any desired location or locations on the input member 21. The purpose of such positive engagement structures will be explained below.

    [0022] A hollow cylindrical cam plate, indicated generally at 22, is secured to the input member 21 for concurrent rotation. In the illustrated embodiment, the cam plate 22 is secured to the input member 21 by a plurality of threaded fasteners 22a. However, the cam plate 22 may be secured for concurrent rotation with the input member 21 in any desired manner. The hollow cylindrical cam plate 22 has a radially inwardly-facing annular surface 22b provided thereon, and a radially outwardly-extending cam groove 22c extends throughout at least a portion of that radially annular surface 22b. In the illustrated embodiment, the cam groove 22c extends helically throughout an inner circumferential portion of the radially inwardly-facing annular surface 22b of the cam plate 22. However, the cam groove 22c may extend in any desired manner throughout some or all of the radially inwardly-facing annular surface 22b of the cam plate 22. The purpose of the cam groove 22c will be explained below.

    [0023] The second embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch 20 also includes an output member, indicated generally at 23, that may be connected to a rotatably driven device (not shown). The illustrated output member 23 is an annular gear that includes an inner hollow sleeve portion 23a, a body portion 23b that extends generally radially outwardly from the inner hollow sleeve portion 23a, and a plurality of axially-extending teeth (not shown) provided on an outer periphery 23 c of the body portion 23b. However, the output member 23 may have any desired structure or geometry. The inner hollow sleeve portion 23a of the output member 23 may be rotatably supported on a conventional shaft or other support structure (not shown) by means of a conventional bearing (not shown). The inner hollow sleeve portion 23a of the output member 23 may also be rotatably supported on an outer surface of the inner hollow sleeve portion 21a of the input member 21, as shown in Figs. 5 through 9. As best shown in Fig. 4, the inner hollow sleeve portion 23a of the illustrated output member 23 has an outer surface that is splined. The purpose of the splined outer surface of the inner hollow sleeve portion 23a of the output member 23 will be explained below.

    [0024] A cover plate 24 is splined onto the splined outer surface of the inner hollow sleeve portion 23a of the output member 23. Thus, the cover plate 24 is connected to the output member 23 for concurrent rotation therewith and for axial movement relative thereto. The illustrated cover plate 24 is disposed adjacent to the body portion 23b of the output member 23, although such is not required.

    [0025] A clutch plate, indicated generally at 25, is also splined onto the splined outer surface of the inner hollow sleeve portion 23a of the output member 23. Thus, the clutch plate 25 is also connected to the output member 23 for concurrent rotation therewith and for axial movement relative thereto. The illustrated clutch plate 25 is disposed within the cam plate 22 adjacent to the body portion 21b of the input member 21, although such is not required. The clutch plate 25 includes an outwardly extending cam follower 25a that is received within the internal cam groove 22c provided in the radially inwardly-facing annular surface 22b of the hollow cylindrical cam plate 22 for a purpose that will be explained below. The clutch plate 25 also has one or more positive engagement structures provided thereon. As best shown in Fig. 4, the illustrated positive engagement structures are embodied as a plurality of clutch dogs 25b that are provided on an axially facing side thereof (facing toward the input member 21). However, any desired number (including only one) of such clutch dogs 25b or other positive engagement structures may be provided at any desired location or locations on the clutch plate 25. The purpose of such positive engagement structures will be explained below.

    [0026] The operation of the second embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch 20 will now be described. Initially, the input member 21 and the output member 23 are not rotatably driven and are positioned such that the clutch dogs 25b provided on the clutch plate 25 do not extend into the clutch dog recesses 21d provided on the input member 21. As a result, the second embodiment of the displacement- actuated positive-drive clutch 20 is disengaged, and the input member 21 of the clutch 20 is not connected to positively rotatably drive the output member 23.

    [0027] When the source of rotational energy is subsequently actuated, the input member 21 and the hollow cylindrical cam plate 22 both initially rotate relative to the output member 23 because of the inertial load of the rotatably driven device that is connected to the output member 23. Because the cam follower 25a provided on the clutch plate 25 is received within the internal cam groove 22c provided in the hollow cylindrical cam plate 22, this relative rotational movement causes the clutch plate 25 to rotate relative to the hollow cylindrical cam plate 22 and the input member 21. Also, because of the helical shape of the cam groove 22c, such relative rotation causes the clutch plate 25 to move axially away from the output member 23 and toward the input member 21.

    [0028] As a result, the clutch dogs 25b provided on the second side of the clutch plate 25 move axially into the clutch dog recesses 2 Id provided on the input member 21. Thus, the clutch plate 25 (as well as the cover plate 24 and the output member 23 connected thereto) is connected to rotate with the input member 21. Consequently, the second embodiment of the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch 20 is engaged such that the input member 21 positively rotatably drives the output member 23.

    [0029] The principle and mode of operation of this invention have been explained and illustrated in its preferred embodiments. However, it must be understood that this invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically explained and illustrated without departing from the scope of the claimed invention as defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch (10, 20) comprising:

    an input member (11, 21) having a positive engagement structure (11d, 21d) provided thereon;

    a cam plate (17, 22) connected for rotation with the input member (11, 21);

    an output member (13, 23); and

    a clutch plate (16, 25) connected for rotation with and for axial movement relative to the output member (13, 23), the clutch plate (16, 25) having a positive engagement structure (16b, 25b) provided thereon that positively engages the positive engagement structure (11d, 21d) provided on the input member (11, 21) to engage the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch (10, 20) automatically in response to the occurrence of a predetermined amount of relative rotational movement between the input member (11, 21) and the output member (13, 23), characterized in that:

    (a) the cam plate (17) includes a cam (17a) that cooperates with a cam recess (16a) provided on the clutch plate (16) so as to cause the clutch plate (16) to move toward the input member (11) automatically in response to the occurrence of a predetermined amount of relative rotational movement between the input member (11) and the output member (13); or

    (b) the cam plate (22) has a surface (22b) provided thereon and a cam groove (22c) extends throughout at least a portion of the surface (22b), wherein the clutch plate (25) includes a cam follower (25a) that is received within the cam groove (22c) provided in the surface (22b) so as to cause the clutch plate (25) to move toward the input member (21) automatically in response to the occurrence of a predetermined amount of relative rotational movement between the input member (21) and the output member (23).


     
    2. The displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch (10, 20) defined in Claim 1 wherein the positive engagement structure provided on the input member (11, 21) is a recess (11d, 21d), and wherein the positive engagement structure provided on the clutch plate (16, 25) is a clutch dog (16b, 25b) that is received within the recess (11d, 21d) when the displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch (10, 20) is engaged.
     
    3. The displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch (10) defined in Claim 1 option (a), wherein the input member (11) has a stop arm (11e) that cooperates with an abutment surface (17b) provided on the cam plate (17) such that the cam plate (17) is connected for rotation with the input member (11).
     
    4. The displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch (10) defined in Claim 1 option (a), wherein the clutch plate (16) is disposed between the input member (11) and the cam plate (17).
     
    5. The displacement-actuated positive-drive clutch (20) defined in Claim 1 option (b), wherein the clutch plate (25) is disposed between the output member (23) and the cam plate (22).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine verlagerungsbetätigte Kupplung mit formschlüssigem Antrieb (10, 20), die Folgendes beinhaltet:

    ein Antriebsglied (11, 21), das eine darauf bereitgestellte Formschlussstruktur (11d, 21d) aufweist;

    eine zur Drehung mit dem Antriebsglied (11,21) verbundene Nockenplatte (17, 22);

    ein Abtriebsglied (13, 23); und

    eine zur Drehung mit und zur Axialbewegung relativ zu dem Abtriebsglied (13, 23) verbundene Kupplungsplatte (16, 25), wobei die Kupplungsplatte (16, 25) eine darauf bereitgestellte Formschlussstruktur (16b, 25b) aufweist, die formschlüssig in die auf dem Antriebsglied (11, 21) bereitgestellte Formschlussstruktur (11d, 21d) eingreift, um als Reaktion auf das Vorliegen eines vorgegebenen Betrags einer relativen Drehbewegung zwischen dem Antriebsglied (11,21) und dem Abtriebsglied (13, 23) automatisch in die verlagerungsbetätigte Kupplung mit formschlüssigem Antrieb (10, 20) einzugreifen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    (a) die Nockenplatte (17) einen Nocken (17a) umfasst, der mit einer auf der Kupplungsplatte (16) bereitgestellten Nockenausnehmung (16a) zusammenwirkt, um zu bewirken, dass sich die Kupplungsplatte (16) als Reaktion auf das Vorliegen eines vorgegebenen Betrags einer relativen Drehbewegung zwischen dem Antriebsglied (11) und dem Abtriebsglied (13) automatisch zu dem Antriebsglied (11) hinbewegt; oder

    (b) die Nockenplatte (22) eine darauf bereitgestellte Oberfläche (22b) aufweist und eine Nockennut (22c) sich durch mindestens einen Abschnitt der Oberfläche (22b) erstreckt, wobei die Kupplungsplatte (25) einen Nockenstößel (25a) umfasst, der innerhalb der in der Oberfläche (22b) bereitgestellten Nockennut (22c) aufgenommen wird, um zu bewirken, dass sich die Kupplungsplatte (25) als Reaktion auf das Vorliegen eines vorgegebenen Betrags einer relativen Drehbewegung zwischen dem Antriebsglied (21) und dem Abtriebsglied (23) automatisch zu dem Antriebsglied (21) hinbewegt.


     
    2. Verlagerungsbetätigte Kupplung mit formschlüssigem Antrieb (10, 20) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die auf dem Antriebsglied (11, 21) bereitgestellte Formschlussstruktur eine Ausnehmung (11d, 21d) ist und wobei die auf der Kupplungsplatte (16, 25) bereitgestellte Formschlussstruktur ein Kupplungsmitnehmer (16b, 25b) ist, der innerhalb der Ausnehmung (11d, 21d) aufgenommen wird, wenn die verlagerungsbetätigte Kupplung mit formschlüssigem Antrieb (10, 20) in Eingriff kommt.
     
    3. Verlagerungsbetätigte Kupplung mit formschlüssigem Antrieb (10) gemäß Anspruch 1 Option (a), wobei das Antriebsglied (11) einen Anschlagarm (11e) aufweist, der mit einer auf der Nockenplatte (17) bereitgestellten Anlageoberfläche (17b) zusammenwirkt, sodass die Nockenplatte (17) zur Drehung mit dem Antriebsglied (11) verbunden wird.
     
    4. Verlagerungsbetätigte Kupplung mit formschlüssigem Antrieb (10) gemäß Anspruch 1 Option (a), wobei die Kupplungsplatte (16) zwischen dem Antriebsglied (11) und der Nockenplatte (17) angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Verlagerungsbetätigte Kupplung mit formschlüssigem Antrieb (20) gemäß Anspruch 1 Option (b), wobei die Kupplungsplatte (25) zwischen dem Abtriebsglied (23) und der Nockenplatte (22) angeordnet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un embrayage à entraînement instantané actionné par déplacement (10, 20) comprenant :

    un élément d'entrée (11, 21) ayant une structure à engagement positif (11d, 21d) prévue sur celui-ci ;

    un disque à came (17, 22) raccordé de façon à tourner avec l'élément d'entrée (11, 21) ;

    un élément de sortie (13, 23) ; et

    un disque d'embrayage (16, 25) raccordé de façon à tourner avec et de façon à se déplacer axialement relativement à l'élément de sortie (13, 23), le disque d'embrayage (16, 25) ayant une structure à engagement positif (16b, 25b) prévue sur celui-ci qui s'engage positivement avec la structure à engagement positif (11d, 21d) prévue sur l'élément d'entrée (11, 21) afin d'engager automatiquement l'embrayage à entraînement instantané actionné par déplacement (10, 20) en réponse à la survenue d'une quantité prédéterminée de mouvement de rotation relatif entre l'élément d'entrée (11, 21) et l'élément de sortie (13, 23), caractérisé en ce que :

    (a) le disque à came (17) inclut une came (17a) qui coopère avec un renfoncement de came (16a) prévu sur le disque d'embrayage (16) de sorte à amener le disque d'embrayage (16) à se mouvoir automatiquement vers l'élément d'entrée (11) en réponse à la survenue d'une quantité prédéterminée de mouvement de rotation relatif entre l'élément d'entrée (11) et l'élément de sortie (13) ; ou

    (b) le disque à came (22) a une surface (22b) prévue sur celui-ci et une rainure de came (22c) s'étend à travers au moins une portion de la surface (22b), où le disque d'embrayage (25) inclut un galet de came (25a) qui est reçu à l'intérieur de la rainure de came (22c) prévue dans la surface (22b) de sorte à amener le disque d'embrayage (25) à se mouvoir automatiquement vers l'élément d'entrée (21) en réponse à la survenue d'une quantité prédéterminée de mouvement de rotation relatif entre l'élément d'entrée (21) et l'élément de sortie (23).


     
    2. L'embrayage à entraînement instantané actionné par déplacement (10, 20) défini dans la revendication 1 où la structure à engagement positif prévue sur l'élément d'entrée (11, 21) est un renfoncement (11d, 21d), et où la structure à engagement positif prévue sur le disque d'embrayage (16, 25) est un crabot d'embrayage (16b, 25b) qui est reçu à l'intérieur du renfoncement (11d, 21d) lorsque l'embrayage à entraînement instantané actionné par déplacement (10, 20) est engagé.
     
    3. L'embrayage à entraînement instantané actionné par déplacement (10) défini dans la revendication 1 option (a), où l'élément d'entrée (11) a un bras d'arrêt (11e) qui coopère avec une surface de butée (17b) prévue sur le disque à came (17) de telle sorte que le disque à came (17) est raccordé de façon à tourner avec l'élément d'entrée (11).
     
    4. L'embrayage à entraînement instantané actionné par déplacement (10) défini dans la revendication 1 option (a), où le disque d'embrayage (16) est disposé entre l'élément d'entrée (11) et le disque à came (17).
     
    5. L'embrayage à entraînement instantané actionné par déplacement (20) défini dans la revendication 1 option (b), où le disque d'embrayage (25) est disposé entre l'élément de sortie (23) et le disque à came (22).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description