(19)
(11)EP 3 650 099 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 19000499.4

(22)Date of filing:  04.11.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B01D 29/15  (2006.01)
B01D 35/30  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 07.11.2018 US 201816182753

(71)Applicant: Hydac Technology Corporation
Bethlehem, PA 18017 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Golinsky, James
    Bethlehem, 18017 (US)
  • Evans, Michael Todd
    Whitehall, 18052 (US)
  • Barr, Timothy Jay
    Allentown, 18109 (US)
  • Sassano, William Michael
    Easton, 18045 (US)
  • Quirk, Joseph Gerard
    Bethlehem, 18018 (US)
  • Pandya, Bhavbhuti Upamanyu
    Hackettstown, 07840 (US)

(74)Representative: Bartels und Partner, Patentanwälte 
Lange Strasse 51
70174 Stuttgart
70174 Stuttgart (DE)

  


(54)FILTER DEVICE


(57) 2. A filter device comprising a device housing (2) that accommodates a filter element (26) in a removable manner, which is provided with an element material (28) that extends between two end members (32, 34), of which at least one end member (34) is provided with a wall member (46) of a polygonal shape, which is inserted into an accommodating space (66) of an accommodating member (36) that is attached to the device housing (2), said accommodating member (36) also having a polygon-shaped wall member (68), wherein the wall members (46, 68) with the polygon-shaped end member (34) and accommodating member (36) are disposed adjacent and opposite each other in the accommodating state, characterized in that the accommodating space (66) is delimited outwards by its wall member (68) with a polygonal shape, and that at least one further wall member (70) with a circular shape, which delimits the accommodating space (66) at least partially to the inside, passes through a circular transfer space (76) in the adjacently disposed end member (34).




Description


[0001] The invention concerns a filter device comprising a device housing that accommodates a filter element in a removable manner, which is provided with an element material that extends between two end members, of which at least one end member is provided with a wall member of a polygonal shape, which is inserted into an accommodating space of an accommodating member that is attached to the device housing, said accommodating member also having a polygon-shaped wall member, wherein the wall members with the polygon-shaped end member and accommodating member are disposed adjacent and opposite each other in the accommodating state.

[0002] Filter devices of this kind are prior art. See, for example, EP 3 124 092 A1. Devices of this kind are advantageously used for the filtration of hydraulic fluids in hydraulic systems, for the filtration of different types of fuel, lubricating oils or other process fluids. The filter device disclosed in the above-named document, in which the wall members that are provided to position the filter element and which are disposed between end member and associated accommodating member, has the advantage compared to the prior art that the filter element is secured against rotating during operation due to the polygonal shape of the interacting wall members.

[0003] This avoids that the rotation of the filter element, which is caused by flow forces, damages the interacting surfaces through friction during operation, and in particular the respective sealing elements through abrasion. Since the filter element can only be installed in a functional position when the polygonal shapes of end member and accommodating member match, a means is simultaneously provided to prevent the incorrect fitting of the device with a filter element that is unsuitable for the application.

[0004] Based upon said prior art it is the object of the invention to provide a filter device of the kind described at the outset, which is characterized by a further improved performance whilst retaining the advantages of the prior art.

[0005] According to the invention said object is met by a filter device that exhibits the characteristics of claim 1 in its entirety.

[0006] A significant feature of the invention, according to the characterizing part of claim 1, lies in the fact that the accommodating space is delimited outwards by its wall member with a polygonal shape, and that at least one further wall member with a circular shape, which delimits the accommodating space at least partially to the inside, passes through a circular transfer space in the adjacently disposed end member. In the described, known solution the polygonal-shaped wall member of the accommodating member is formed through a socket with a polygon-shaped outline, wherein said socket extends at the accommodating member in the direction of the filter element and, in contrast to the present invention, delimits the accommodating space towards the inside and is therefore disposed at a radial distance from the wall member that forms the inner circumferential wall of the accommodating member. Formed also in the end member of the known solution is, corresponding to this, a socket-like protruding connection means, which is attachable for the installation of the filter element onto the polygon-shaped socket of the accommodating member and which is provided on the inside with the corresponding wall member in polygon-shape. In this arrangement the polygonal wall members, which provide the guiding surfaces for the positioning and fixing of the filter element against the forces present during operation, are disposed at a radial distance to the outside of accommodating member and end member. Due to the fact that, in contrast hereto, in the invention the polygonal wall member of the accommodating member delimits the accommodating space towards the outside, and therefore extends along the entire outer circumference of the accommodating space, a much further expanded guiding and retaining surface is available for the interaction with the assigned polygonal wall member of the end member, which also extends radially outside on the end member, than is the case with the radially further inside located sockets of the known solution. The filter element is therefore located particularly secure against forces that act during operation. Moreover, the installation process is simpler than with the known solution in which the filter element has to be pushed onto a protruding socket during installation, which also poses the danger of damaging the socket through tilting. Whilst in the known solution the inner side of the polygonal socket has an in cross-section polygonal transfer space in the accommodating member, in the invention the transfer space is delimited in a circular shape due to the circular wall member of the accommodating member, which in turn simplifies the sealing task compared to the sealing of polygonal surfaces.

[0007] Concerning sealing, the arrangement may advantageously be such that, between the adjacently located, opposing wall members with the respective polygon shape of end member and accommodating member, a sealing means is disposed that seals the accommodating space towards the outside, and that a further sealing means on the end member forms the seal of the accommodating space towards the inside.

[0008] The further sealing means may advantageously be overlapped at its free end, which faces the element material of the filter element, by a cover that is in contact with the sealing means.

[0009] The end member, made in form of an end cap, may advantageously surround the element material at the end with an annular segment, wherein the wall member with its polygon shape extends as a single piece from the annular segment on the side that faces away from the element material and extends from the same axially with a predeterminable protrusion length.

[0010] Concerning the design of the end cap, which forms the end member, the arrangement may advantageously be such that the annular segment is disposed concentrically to an annular surface of the end member, which supports the further sealing means radially to the inside, and that a bottom-end part of the annular segment is attached to the annular surface via connecting webs, which form a connecting space between them that follows, in terms of its contour, the polygon-shape of the wall member of the end member.

[0011] In advantageous exemplary embodiments the accommodating member is provided on the side that faces away from the accommodating space with a connector, which may be connected to an intermediary bottom of the device housing. A screw connection may advantageously be provided for that.

[0012] The arrangement may advantageously be made such that, when the wall member is received in the accommodating member with the polygon-shape of the end member, the bottom-end part of the annular segment rests on the accommodating member in such a way that an axial distance between end member and accommodating member remains, which, formed as annular space, is delimited towards the inside by the further, circular-shaped wall member of the accommodating member.

[0013] In this instance it is advantageously possible to provide multiple further, circular-shaped wall members, which, shaped as individual segments, are disposed at a distance from each other, are resting on the bottom-end part of the accommodating space and delimit a passage space towards the inside, which is disposed concentric with respect to the transfer space of the end member.

[0014] In preferred exemplary embodiments the intermediary bottom subdivides the device housing in horizontal direction into an unfiltrate space and a filtrate space, each of which is provided with at least one inlet or outlet respectively, wherein the filter element is disposed in the unfiltrate space and is connected in a fluid-conducting manner with its inner space at the bottom via the passage space of the accommodating member to the filtrate space.

[0015] An object of the invention is also a filter element for a filter device according to one of claims 1 to 9, which exhibits the characteristics of claim 10.

[0016] The invention is now explained in greater detail by way of the exemplary embodiment shown in the drawing.

[0017] Shown are in:
Fig. 1
a perspective view of an exemplary embodiment of the filter device according to the invention;
Fig. 2
a schematically simplified longitudinal section of the exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 3
a perspective view of a separately depicted filter element of the exemplary embodiment with view onto its upper end member, which is provided with a bypass valve;
Fig. 4
a perspective view of the filter element with view onto its other, lower end member;
Fig. 5
a perspective view of a separately depicted accommodating member with view at its upper end, which faces the filter element;
Fig. 6
a perspective view of the accommodating member in Fig. 5 with view at its lower end;
Fig. 7
a perspective view of the separately depicted lower end member of the filter element with view onto its upper end, which faces the element material;
Fig. 8
a perspective view of the end member of Fig. 7 with view at its lower end;
Fig. 9
a truncated and enlarged partial longitudinal section of the filter element that is adjacent to the lower end member, which is located in the assigned accommodating member of the filter device when it is in its accommodating state; and
Fig. 10
a cross-section depicted in half the size compared to Fig. 9 corresponding to the line X-X in Fig. 9.


[0018] Figs. 1 and 2, which depict in full the exemplary embodiment of the filter device according to the invention, designates with 2 a device housing in form of a circular cylinder, which is closed by a bottom plate 4 shown at the lower end in Figs. 1 and 2. At the open, upper end the housing 2 may be closed with a cover 6, which is pivotally attached with a hinge 8 which may be pivoted into a position that opens access to housing 2, and may be locked in a position that closes the housing 2 by means of clamping bolts 10 depicted in Figs. 1 and 2. At approximately one quarter of the height of the housing 2 its inner space is subdivided by an intermediary bottom 12 into a lower filtrate space 14 bordering onto the bottom plate 4, and into an unfiltrate space 16 situated above. An unfiltrate connection 18 is provided for the supply of unfiltrate to the unfiltrate space 16 in the housing wall above the intermediary bottom 12. A filtrate connection 20 is provided as an outlet of the filtrate space 14 offset downwards in axial direction of housing 2, below the intermediary bottom 12. The intermediary bottom 12 is provided with a centrally located opening 22, which forms the passage into the inner filtrate space 24 of a filter element 26, which extends inside the unfiltrate space 16 from the intermediary bottom 12 up to the housing cover 6. The filter element 26 comprises a hollow-cylindrical element material 28, at the inside of which is disposed a fluid-permeable support tube 30 that surrounds the filtrate space 24 and supports the inside of the element material 28 during filter operation, in which the element material 28 is permeated from the outer unfiltrate space 16 to the inner filtrate space 24, from which the filtrate flows via opening 22 in the intermediary bottom 12 to the filtrate space 14. The ends of the element material 28 together with the support tube 30 are retained in an endcap-like, upper end member 32 and in a lower, endcap-like end member 34 of the filter element 26. In the manner usual for filter elements 26 of this kind, a bypass valve 28 of known design is disposed at the upper end member 32, which is triggered by the pressure in the unfiltrate space 16, forming a fluid path that bypasses the element material 28.

[0019] Figs. 5 to 10 depict more detail of the filter element 26, shown separately in Figs 3 and 4, of its lower end member 34 as well as of an accommodating member 36, which may be attached to device housing 2 and in there forms the element accommodating member of the filter element 26. Each of Figs. 3 and 4 as well 9 and 10 show the installed state in which the lower end member 34 of the filter element 26 is in the accommodating state in accommodating member 36. As Figs. 7 to 9 show, the end member 34 is provided with an annular segment 40 with a protruding circumferential edge 42 to form an end cap, which together forms the surround for the element material 38 and the support tube 30. An insert means 44 is joined as a single piece at the lower end of the annular segment 40, located in a radial pane, wherein said insert means 44 forms with its outer circumference the polygonal wall member 46 of the end member 34. Said wall member 46, which has the shape of a pentagon with rounded corners, is provided at the outer circumference with an annular groove 48, which retains a sealing ring 50 of a first sealing means (see Fig. 9). A sealing ring 54 of a further sealing means (see Fig. 9) is in contact with an inner annular surface 52 that is concentric to the circumferential edge 42 of the annular segment 40, wherein, as is also shown in Fig. 9, the sealing ring 54 is overlapped by a cover means 56 that it is in contact with. As shown in Figs. 7 and 10, the inner annular surface 52 is connected to the underside of the annular segment 40 via connecting webs 58, which provide a connecting space 61 between them that follows overall the shape of a polygon.

[0020] The Figs 9 and 10 depict the lower end member 34 with an insert means 44 in an accommodating state in which it is inserted into the accommodating space 66 of the accommodating member 36. As is shown most clearly in Figs. 5 and 6, the accommodating member 36 is provided with a circular annular body 62 with a planar upper side 64, in which the accommodating space 66 is formed through a recess with a planar bottom 60. The recess that forms the accommodating space 66 is bounded radially towards the outside by a polygonal wall member 68, wherein its polygonal shape corresponds to the pentagon of the wall member 46 of end member 34. The accommodating space 66 is bounded radially inwards by annular segments 70 that protrude from the bottom 60 and which leave gaps 72 between them. The annular segments 70 bound with their inside a passage space 74, which is concentric to the inner transfer space 76 of end member 34.

[0021] Fig. 1 depicts the filter element 26 which, as shown in Figs. 9 and 10, is in its accommodating state inserted into the accommodating member 36 with its lower end member 34, that is, in the functional position inserted into the device housing 2 in which the accommodating member 36 is attached to the intermediary bottom 12. To form the connection by means of a thread, the accommodating member 36 is provided with a connector 78 that forms the outlet of passage space 74 and which is provided with an external thread 80. Through the screw connection formed at the opening 22 of the intermediary bottom 12, the inner space 24 of filter element 26 is connected to the filtrate space 14. As shown in Fig. 9, the annular segment 40 is at the bottom in contact with the upper end 64 of the accommodating member 36 in the accommodating state. As a result the end member 34 is kept at a distance from the bottom 60 of the accommodating space 66.


Claims

1. A filter device comprising a device housing (2) that accommodates a filter element (26) in a removable manner, which is provided with an element material (28) that extends between two end members (32, 34), of which at least one end member (34) is provided with a wall member (46) of a polygonal shape, which is inserted into an accommodating space (66) of an accommodating member (36) that is attached to the device housing (2), said accommodating member (36) also having a polygon-shaped wall member (68), wherein the wall members (46, 68) with the polygon-shaped end member (34) and accommodating member (36) are disposed adjacent and opposite each other in the accommodating state, characterized in that the accommodating space (66) is delimited outwards by its wall member (68) with a polygonal shape, and that at least one further wall member (70) with a circular shape, which delimits the accommodating space (66) at least partially to the inside, passes through a circular transfer space (76) in the adjacently disposed end member (34).
 
2. The filter device according to claim 1, characterized in that between the adjacently located, opposing wall members (46, 68) with the respective polygon shape of end member (34) and accommodating member (36), a sealing means (50) is disposed that seals the accommodating space (66) towards the outside, and that a further sealing means (54) on the end member (34) forms the seal of the accommodating space (66) towards the inside.
 
3. The filter device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the further sealing means (54) is overlapped at its free side, which faces the element material (28) of the filter element (26), by a cover (56) that is in contact with the sealing means (54).
 
4. The filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the end member (34), made in form of an end cap, surrounds the element material (28) at the end with an annular segment (40), wherein the wall member (46) with its polygon shape extends as a single piece from the annular segment (40) on the side that faces away from the element material (28) and extends from the same axially with a predeterminable protrusion length.
 
5. The filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the annular segment (40) is disposed concentrically to an annular surface (52) of the end member (34), which supports the further sealing means (54) radially to the inside, and that a bottom-end part of the annular segment (40) is attached to the annular surface (52) via connecting webs (58), which form a connecting space (61) between them that follows, in terms of its contour, the polygon-shape of the wall member (46) of the end member (34).
 
6. The filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the accommodating member (36) is provided on the side that faces away from the accommodating space (66) with a connector (78), which is connected to an intermediary bottom (12) of the device housing (2).
 
7. The filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that, when the wall member (46) is received in the accommodating member (36) with the polygon-shape of the end member (34), the bottom-end part of the annular segment (40) rests on the accommodating member (36) in such a way that an axial distance between end member (34) and accommodating member (36) remains, which, formed as annular space, is delimited towards the inside by the further, circular-shaped wall member (70) of the accommodating member (36).
 
8. The filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that multiple further, circular-shaped wall members (70) are provided, which, shaped as individual segments, are disposed at a distance from each other, are resting on the bottom-end part (60) of the accommodating space (66) and delimit a passage space (74) towards the inside, which is disposed concentric with respect to the transfer space (76) of the end member (34).
 
9. The filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the intermediary bottom (12) subdivides the device housing (2) in horizontal direction into an unfiltrate space (16) and a filtrate space (14), each of which is provided with at least one inlet (18) or outlet (20) respectively, wherein the filter element (26) is disposed in the unfiltrate space (16) and is connected in a fluid-conducting manner with its inner space (24) at the bottom via the passage space (74) of the accommodating member (36) to the filtrate space (14).
 
10. The filter device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the element material (28) is accommodated between two end members (32, 34), of which at least one end member (34) is provided with a wall member (46) with polygon shape, which is standardized and provided for insertion into an accommodating member (36) associated with a device housing (2).
 




Drawing























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description