(19)
(11)EP 3 653 184 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 18842031.9

(22)Date of filing:  27.07.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61F 9/007  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/028232
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/026787 (07.02.2019 Gazette  2019/06)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 31.07.2017 JP 2017147886

(71)Applicant: Mani, Inc.
Tochigi 321-3231 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MURAKAMI Etsuo
    Utsunomiya-shi Tochigi 321-3231 (JP)
  • OSHINO Masanori
    Utsunomiya-shi Tochigi 321-3231 (JP)

(74)Representative: Isarpatent 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Behnisch Barth Charles Hassa Peckmann & Partner mbB Friedrichstrasse 31
80801 München
80801 München (DE)

  


(54)CANNULA HOLDER


(57) There is provided a cannula holder capable of securing a cannula to the holder at the time of piercing work, and easily removing the cannula from the holder using tweezers or the like. The cannula holder of the present invention to which a piercing needle (30) for piercing an eyeball and a cannula (20) are attached when attaching the cannula used in ophthalmic operations to the eyeball includes claw portions (11), which are formed on a front end of the cannula holder (10) and press sides of the cannula (20) either at positions where said claw portions face each other or from multiple directions. A depression (12) may be provided in a side of the front end of the cannula holder (10), allowing visibility of a part of a back end of the cannula (20) from the depression (12).










Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a cannula holder (hereafter referred to as 'holder') used when attaching a cannula used in ophthalmic operations to an eyeball.

Background Art



[0002] The cannula is attached to an eyeball, and a surgical tool or the like is passed through the cannula when using a surgical tool or the like within an eyeball during an ophthalmic operation (e.g., Patent Document 1). FIG. 5 is a cross-section of a conventional cannula, and FIG. 6 is diagram illustrating how an ophthalmic operation is performed. A cannula 20 is configured by fitting a metal pipe 21 into a base 22 made of resin, and covering and enveloping a cylindrical side surface of the base 22 and the base end of the pipe 21 by a cap 23 made of silicone rubber.

[0003] The base 22 has a function of a stopper by touching the surface of an eyeball E when the pipe 21 is pierced in the eyeball E, and the cap 23 has a function of controlling leakage of vitreous humor etc. from the inside of the eyeball E. The base 22 has a nearly cylindrical shape and a groove 22a formed along the circumference near the middle position of its side surface. The groove 22a is used to hold the cannula 20 with tweezers, and to fit in a locking part 23b of the cap 23 when covering the base 22 with the cap 23.

[0004] The cap 23 has a slit 23a, which connects the inner side of the pipe 21 and the outer side of the cap 23, provided in a portion that covers a base end of the pipe 21, and may be provided with a piercing needle used for piercing the eyeball E by passing through the slit 23a, or otherwise various surgical tools 40, optical instruments for monitoring etc. may be inserted in the eyeball E through the slit 23a.

[0005] FIG. 7 is a diagram describing a method of attaching the cannula to an eyeball, wherein FIG. 7(a) illustrates a state before piercing, FIG. 7(b) illustrates a state after piercing, and FIG. 7(c) illustrates a state of cannula attachment completion.

[0006] Since the cannula 20 is a very small tool, it is attached to a front end of the holder 100 so as to carry out attachment work when being attached to the eyeball E. At this time, a piercing needle 30 for piercing the eyeball E is also attached to the holder 100 with the piercing needle passing through the pipe 21 of the cannula 20 (state of FIG. 7(a)). The piercing needle 30 and the pipe 21 of the cannula 20 as one body pierce the eyeball E (state of FIG. 7(b)). The holder 100 and the piercing needle 30 are then removed from the cannula 20, leaving only the cannula 20 piercing the eyeball E (state of FIG. 7(c)).

Prior Art Documents


Patent Documents



[0007] [Patent Document 1] WO 2010/126076A

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION


Problem to be Solved by the Invention



[0008] Here, the cannula needs to be secured to the front end of the holder during the attachment work since the cannula is attached to the eyeball with both of the cannula and the piercing needle attached to the holder. However, since the cannula needs to be removed from the holder while the cannula is piercing the eyeball, there is fear that if it is secured too firmly, a problem that the cannula will fall off of the eyeball when removing the holder will occur.

[0009] In light of this problem, the present invention aims to provide a cannula holder allowing stable attachment work of surely attaching a cannula to a holder front end, and also allowing easy removal of the cannula from the holder after the cannula is attached to an eyeball.

Solution to the Problem



[0010] A cannula holder is characterized by having a cannula and a piercing needle for piercing an eyeball attached thereto when attaching the cannula used in ophthalmic operations to the eyeball. It includes claw portions that are formed on a front end of the cannula holder and press sides of the cannula either at positions where said claw portions face each other or from multiple directions.

[0011] It may have a configuration including a depression in a side of the front end of the cannula holder, allowing visibility of a part of a back end of the cannula from the depression.

[0012] Moreover, the cannula should include a resin cap including a slit through which the piercing needle passes at a back end of the cannula, and when the piercing needle has a thin, approximately oblong cross-section that fits together with the form of the slit at a position that allows the piercing needle to pass through the slit, the claw portions are provided at positions to apply pressing forces perpendicularly toward the long sides facing each other of the approximately oblong cross-section of the piercing needle, or similarly, the claw portions are provided at positions to apply pressing forces from multiple directions toward the sides of the circular cross-section with the reduced diameter of the piercing needle.

Advantageous Effect of the Invention



[0013] According to the present invention, there are beneficial results that the cannula may be secured to the holder at the time of piercing, and the cannula may be easily removed from the holder using tweezers or the like.

[0014] Moreover, the claw portions pressing in directions that allow easy bending of the piercing needle allows stable attachment work.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0015] 

FIG. 1 is an oblique view of a holder of the present invention, wherein FIG. 1(a) illustrates only the holder, FIG. 1(b) illustrates a state where a piercing needle is attached to the holder, and FIG. 1(c) illustrates a state where a piercing needle and a cannula are attached to the holder;

FIG. 2 is an oblique view of a different holder of the present invention, wherein FIG. 2(a) illustrates only the holder, and FIG. 2(b) illustrates a state where a piercing needle is attached to the holder;

FIG. 3 is a cross-section cut along a line A-A of FIG. 1(c);

FIG. 4 is a cross-section of the piercing needle and the cannula attached to the holder;

FIG. 5 is a cross-section of a conventional cannula;

FIG. 6 is diagram illustrating how an ophthalmic operation is performed; and

FIG. 7 is a diagram describing a method of attaching the cannula to an eyeball, wherein FIG. 7(a) illustrates a state before piercing, FIG. 7(b) illustrates a state after piercing, and FIG. 7(c) illustrates a state of cannula attachment completion.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0016]  An embodiment according to the present invention is described below with reference to accompanying drawings.

[0017] FIG. 1 is an oblique view of a holder of the present invention, wherein FIG. 1(a) illustrates only the holder, FIG. 1(b) illustrates a state where a piercing needle is attached to the holder, and FIG. 1(c) illustrates a state where a piercing needle and a cannula are attached to the holder.

[0018] A cannula holder 10 of the present invention, to which a piercing needle 30 and a cannula 20 for piercing an eyeball during an ophthalmic operation are attached, is used when attaching the cannula 20 to the eyeball.

[0019] The cannula 20 is configured in the same manner as the conventional cannula by fitting a metal pipe 21 into a base 22 made of resin, and covering and enveloping a cylindrical side surface of the base 22 and the base end of the pipe 21 by a cap 23 made of silicone rubber. Since such a cannula 20 is small, it is difficult to pinch with fingers, and is thus attached to the holder 10 so as to easily carry out attachment work to the eyeball.

[0020] Moreover, the piercing needle 30 is used for piercing the eyeball. The base end side of the piercing needle 30 is secured to the holder 10 with the point of the needle protruding from the pipe 21 of the cannula 20. It then pierces the eyeball with the piercing needle 30 and the pipe 21 united as one body. Therefore, during the piercing work, the piercing needle 30 and the cannula 20 need to be tightly secured to the holder 10.

[0021] As a result, claw portions 11 for securing the cannula 20 are provided on a front end of the holder 10. The claw portions 11 of FIG. 1 are configured so as to press the sides of the cannula 20 at positions where the claw portions face each other. In other words, the claw portions 11 are made to clamp sides of the cap 23 of the cannula 20.

[0022] There may be two pairs or more of the claw portions 11, and increase in the number of pairs thereof allows further tightly securing of the cannula 20 to the holder 10. However, if the cannula 20 is secured too tightly, there is concern that the cannula 20 will fall off of the eyeball when removing the cannula 20 from the holder 10. Therefore, since removal of the cannula 20 becomes difficult when there are too many pairs of the claw portions 11, one pair is preferable, and up to two pairs may be used. There is an advantage particularly with one pair of the claw portions 11 in that the cap 23 of the cannula 20 is easily clamped using tweezers or the like when removing the cannula 20 from the holder 10.

[0023] FIG. 2 is an oblique view of a different holder of the present invention, wherein FIG. 2(a) illustrates only the holder, and FIG. 2(b) illustrates a state where a piercing needle is attached to the holder. There are three of the claw portions 11 in this working example. With such a configuration, the claw portions 11 are not at positions facing each other, but they may press and secure the cannula 20 from the sides in a well-balanced manner. Note that the number of the claw portions 11 is not limited to three. That is, as long as the cannula 20 can be secured to the holder, the number of the claw portions 11 pressing from multiple directions is not necessarily limited. However, as described above, since removal of the cannula 20 becomes difficult when there are too many of the claw portions 11, around three are appropriate.

[0024] A depression 12 is formed in a side of the front end of the holder 10 illustrated in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. The depression 12 is provided for facilitating removal of the cannula 20 from the holder 10 using tweezers or the like.

[0025] FIG. 3 is a cross-section cut along a line A-A of FIG. 1(c). As can be confirmed from the drawings, it is configured such that a part of a back end surface of the cannula 20 is visible from the position of the depression 12. That is, since tweezers or the like may be positioned on the depression 12, pressing the cap 23 of the cannula 20 from the back end is possible, thereby making it easy to remove the cannula 20 from the holder 10. Note that while the number of the depression 12 is not limited, if the depression 12 is, for example, in two places, it becomes possible to push the back end of the cannula 20 from two places using two front ends of the tweezers. Therefore, multiple depressions are favorable.

[0026]  FIG. 4 is a cross-section of the piercing needle and the cannula attached to the holder. The cannula 20 here has a resin cap 23 including a slit 23a through which the piercing needle 30 passes at the back end of the cannula 20. Moreover, the piercing needle 30 has a thin, approximately oblong cross-section fitted together with the form of the slit 23a at a position for passing therethrough. Such a structure allows control of deformation of the slit 23a to a minimum, and even after the piercing needle 30 is pulled out, the slit 23a is hardly spread open at all, making it possible to control leakage of vitreous humor etc. from the eyeball.

[0027] In the case of the piercing needle 30 made to have a small cross-section at the position of the slit 23a in this manner, it is weak when bent with a thin approximately oblong cross-section, and thus there is concern that the point of the piercing needle 30 moves when piercing, making it difficult to pierce at a precise position. However, provision of the claw portions 11 at positions to apply pressing forces perpendicularly toward the long sides facing each other of the approximately oblong cross-section of the piercing needle 30 can suppresses bending of the piercing needle 30.

[0028] The cross-sectional form of the piercing needle 30 at the position that allows the piercing needle to pass through the slit 23a may take a different shape than a thin, approximately oblong shape. For example, it may be a circular cross-section with a reduced diameter (see FIG. 2(b)). In such a case, since the piercing needle 30 is weakened with bending in any direction, the claw portions 11 should be provided at positions to apply pressing forces from multiple directions toward the sides of the circular cross-section with the reduced diameter.

[0029] Use of such a cannula holder allows sufficient securing of a cannula to the holder at the time of piercing work, and thus allows easy removal of the cannula from the holder using tweezers or the like. Moreover, the claw portions pressing in directions that allow easy bending of the piercing needle allow secure attachment work.

Explanation of Reference Numerals



[0030] 

10: Cannula holder

11: Claw portion

12: Depression

20: Cannula

21: Pipe

22: Base

22a: Groove

23: Cap

23a: Slit

30: Piercing needle

40: Surgical tool

E: Eyeball




Claims

1. A cannula holder to which a cannula and a piercing needle for piercing an eyeball are attached when attaching the cannula used in ophthalmic operations to the eyeball, comprising
claw portions, which are formed on a front end of the cannula holder and press sides of the cannula either at positions where said claw portions face each other or from multiple directions.
 
2. The cannula holder of Claim 1, further comprising a depression in a side of the front end of the cannula holder, allowing visibility of a part of a back end of the cannula from the depression.
 
3. The cannula holder of either Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein
the cannula comprises a resin cap comprising a slit through which the piercing needle passes at a back end of the cannula, and when the piercing needle has a thin, approximately oblong cross-section that fits together with the form of the slit at a position that allows the piercing needle to pass through the slit, the claw portions are provided at positions to apply pressing forces perpendicularly toward the long sides facing each other of the approximately oblong cross-section of the piercing needle.
 
4. The cannula holder of either Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein
the cannula comprises a resin cap comprising a slit through which the piercing needle passes at a back end of the cannula, and when the piercing needle has a circular cross-section with a reduced diameter at a position that allows the piercing needle to pass through the slit, the claw portions are provided at positions to apply pressing forces from multiple directions toward the sides of the circular cross-section with the reduced diameter of the piercing needle.
 




Drawing






















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description