(19)
(11)EP 3 654 115 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 18918528.3

(22)Date of filing:  16.05.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G05B 15/02  (2006.01)
H04L 12/00  (2006.01)
G05B 19/02  (2006.01)
H02J 13/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/ES2018/070357
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/219987 (21.11.2019 Gazette  2019/47)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Robot, S.A.
07009 Palma De Mallorca Islas Baleares (ES)

(72)Inventor:
  • BONNÍN PONS-ESTEL, Bernat
    07009 Palma de Mallorca (Illes balears) (ES)

(74)Representative: Capitán García, Maria Nuria 
ARS Privilegium, S.L. Felipe IV no. 10, bajo iz.
28014 Madrid
28014 Madrid (ES)

  


(54)BUILDING AUTOMATION DEVICE


(57) The invention relates to a building automation device adaptable to space and communication requirements, comprising a communications module having a communications bus, an application module which implements the functionality, a bus connector for supplying power and data between the two modules, the communications module comprising a first casing having a first wall from which pins of the connector bus project, and a second wall with a first recess in which the communications bus is inserted, the application module comprising a second casing having a third wall from which a pin receiver projects, and a fourth wall having a second recess including electrical connection terminals, wherein, when the ten pins of the bus connector are introduced in their receiver, the first wall is positioned next to the third wall and the first casing is joined to the second casing by securing means.




Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention is encompassed in the field of building automation devices, such as for example those that control lighting, blinds, air conditioning, etc.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Currently, the use of home automation and building management systems is being extended for building automation, which is done through devices with mainly electrical and electronic elements that allow the automation of certain tasks, such as lighting control, shutter control - such as the raising and lowering of blinds - the control of ambient air by means of air conditioning and heating appliances, surveillance, doorbells, etc. However, the implementation of this automation has led to the installation of many devices, which have a certain size and certain specific operating requirements, which sometimes makes them unfeasible due to their low ability to adapt to new communications, electrical and electronic requirements, like to certain relatively low-volume spaces, such as a low ceiling.

[0003] Patent WO2008/097992A1 is known which explains a building automation system with modular components, which in one embodiment are of the type of attachment to a standard rail with the aim of making the system more compact, avoiding the extensive use of wiring. Advantageously, each modular component can be of the same height to be arranged laterally overlapping occupying the length of the rail, in which a power bus and a data bus can be arranged, either separately or combined. It is cited that any communication protocol can be used, specifically using a modular component intended for communications. Patent US2008/0244104A1 is known, which explains a building automation system comprising a communications adapter with the various system devices, the adapter includes a fieldbus, can operate under several protocols. The schematic configuration of the adapter and device is explained, without reflecting a specific configuration.

[0004] Patent US2016/0191268A1 is known, which explains a building automation system with devices that include functional interchangeable modules, these are configured as portions insertable from the front of each device, some modules can be communications modules including different protocols. In the configurations shown, a fuse box and a light bulb socket are included.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0005] The present invention is defined and characterised by the independent claims, while the dependent claims describe additional features thereof.

[0006] The subject matter of the invention is a building automation device that adapts to the different space and communications requirements. The technical problem to solve is to configure said device to reach the mentioned object.

[0007] In view of the foregoing, the present invention relates to a building automation device comprising a communication module (also called "MCU") having a communications bus of the device, being understood as with its exterior, either through wired or wireless network, an application module (also called "MAU") that implements the functionality of the device, i.e., it carries out the functions of the device, if it is a light switch, it will turn the lights on and off, etc., and a bus connector between the two modules, as is known in the state of the art.

[0008] The device is characterised in that the bus connector is at the same time power supply and data transfer, the communication module comprising a first casing with a first wall from which at least ten pins of the bus connector project, a second wall having a first recess in which the communications bus is inserted, the application module comprising a second casing with a third wall from which a receiving connector for the bus connector pins projects, a fourth wall having a second recess that includes electrical connection terminals, in use when the ten pins of the bus connector are introduced in the receiving connector, the first wall is positioned next to the third wall and the first casing is joined to the second casing by securing means.

[0009] In this way, a compact device adaptable to any space and also adaptable to any communications environment is achieved by simply placing the appropriate communications bus, i.e., that of the protocol necessary for the specific application. In this way a single MAU can be maintained for different applications in which the communication protocol changes, usually when changing countries, whereby only the MCU needs to be changed, with the economic and installation-related advantage that this implies. Likewise, this can be used for maintenance work in which a user does not have to be deprived of the device for a long period of time due to breakdown of the power stage or electrical maneuver, since merely the MAU is to be changed, which entails only a few seconds, avoiding bus reconnection and probably reconfiguration of the device.

[0010] Another added advantage is that it allows the development of the functionalities of the devices to be independent from that of communication, by having the MAU separated from the MCU, speeding up the development of new devices or the updating of existing ones.

[0011] Another advantage is that it allows the implementation of homogeneous multiprotocol solutions.

[0012] Another advantage is that in the updating of existing installations it allows the devices of the invention to be placed gradually, being able to coexist with old devices and even with those of different manufacturers.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0013] The present specification is completed by a set of figures that illustrate a preferred embodiment and in no way limit the invention.

Figure 1 represents an exploded perspective of the device.

Figure 2 represents a perspective view of the closed device, in use.

Figure 3 represents a rear perspective view of the first casing.

Figure 4 represents a plan view of a corner of the first casing.

Figure 5 represents a front perspective view of the first casing.

Figures 6 to 8 represent plan views of the first casing with different communication buses.

Figure 9 is a front view of the first casing of the embodiment of Figure 8.

Figure 10 represents a rear perspective view of the second casing.

Figure 11 represents a perspective view of a corner of the second casing.

Figure 12 represents a front perspective view of the second casing.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0014] The present invention is a building automation device, shown in an exploded view in Figure 1 and assembled or in use in Figure 2, comprising a communication module (1) with a communications bus (1.1) of the device, an application module (2) that implements the functionality of the device, and a bus connector (3) between the two modules (1,2), the bus connector (3) being for power supply and data transfer.

[0015] The communication module (1) comprises a first casing (1.2), as shown in Figures 1 to 5, with a first wall (1.3) from which at least ten pins (3.1) of the bus connector (3) project, Figures 1 and 5, a second wall (1.4) having a first recess (1.5) in which the communications bus (1.1) is inserted, Figures 1, 2 and 3, the application module (2) comprising a second casing (2.1), as shown in Figures 1, 2, 10 and 12, with a third wall (2.2) from which a receiving connector (3.2) for the bus connector pins (3) projects, Figures 1 and 12, a fourth wall (2.3) having a second recess (2.4), Figures 1 and 2, which includes electrical connection terminals (4), Figure 1.

[0016] In use, Figure 2, when the ten pins (3.1) of the bus connector (3) are introduced in the receiving connector (3.2) the first wall (1.3) is positioned next to the third wall (2.2) and the first casing (1.2) is joined to the second casing (2.1) by securing means (5).

[0017] A detail of the embodiment explained is that the securing means (5) are at least one tab (5.1), two in the embodiment explained, arranged in the first casing (1.2) with a hollow (5.11), Figures 3 and 5, which engage, each one, on a protuberance (5.12) arranged in the second casing (2.1), Figure 12. This creates a simple and non-permanent attachment, usually two securing means (5) are placed on opposite faces so that the tabs (5.1) can be pressed with the thumb and index finger of one hand.

[0018] Another detail of the embodiment explained is that the first casing (1.2) has a first flat surface (1.6) with a first opening (1.61), Figure 4, and the second casing (2.1) having a second flat surface (2.5) with a second opening (2.51), Figure 11. This allows the device to be anchored inside a junction box, on a board or any flat surface by means of a flat head screw, for example. Preferably and as shown in the embodiment, the openings (1.61,2.51) are arranged diagonally opposite so as to prevent the device from shifting, with a minimum of two.

[0019] Another detail of the explained embodiment is that the second casing (2.1) has a partition wall (2.41) between each pair of terminals (4), or connections to the terminal, whereby each one creates a cavity in the casing (2.1), as depicted, Figure 10. These walls (2.41) or flaps prevent short circuits produced during the introduction of the different wires in the terminal due to some wire strand not properly entering the terminal cavity.

[0020] As can be seen in the explained embodiment, the outer contour of the device has no edges, but an organic shape that facilitates the introduction into the holes of the false ceilings and prevents scratches that occur on the ceiling during installation.

[0021] Another advantageous detail of the embodiment shown is that the first casing (1.2) of the communication module (1) has a lip, not referenced in the figures, by way of a male which is inserted into the second casing (2.1) of the application module (2), which facilitates closing the device and makes it more solid.

[0022] Preferably, the communication module (1) has a first LED indicator (1.7) and a first push-button (1.8), which allow the user to interact and parameterise some functions of the device, Figures 2 and 3. Similarly, the application module (2) also has a second LED indicator (2.6) and a second push-button (2.7), Figures 2 and 10.

[0023] Advantageously, the first recess (1.5) is adapted for receiving the communications bus (1.1) according to one of the protocols selected from among KNX, C3, C4 and BACnet as shown respectively in Figures 6 to 8.

[0024] Specifically, for KNX and C3/C4, Figures 6 and 7, the same first recess (1.5) serves the purpose. For KNX, Figure 6, the first programming push-button (1.8) and the first status LED indicator (1.7) are incorporated as a user interface, while for C3/C4, Figure 7, a rotary selector (1.9) is incorporated for address assignment and a status LED.

[0025] On the other hand, for BACnet, Figure 8, the first recess (1.5) is larger than the previous one, since it goes to five terminals from two. This is due to the insurmountable differences that exist in terms of the user interface. The configuration for BACnet incorporates two rotary selectors (1.9) for address assignment, the first status LED indicator (1.7), and a "DIP switch"-type double selector (1.10) with which to adjust the transmission speed.


Claims

1. Building automation device comprising a communication module (1) having a communications bus (1.1) of the device, an application module (2) that implements the functionality of the device, and a bus connector (3) between the two modules (1,2), characterised in that said bus connector (3) is for power supply and data transfer, the communication module (1) comprising a first casing (1.2) with a first wall (1.3) from which at least ten pins (3.1) of the bus connector (3) project, a second wall (1.4) having a first recess (1.5) in which the communication bus (1.1) is inserted, the application module (2) comprising a second casing (2.1) with a third wall (2.2) from which a receiving connector (3.2) for the bus connector pins (3) projects, a fourth wall (2.3) having a second recess (2.4) that includes electrical connection terminals (4), in use when the ten pins (3.1) of the bus connector (3) are introduced in the receiving connector (3.2) the first wall (1.3) is positioned next to the third wall (2.2) and the first casing (1.2) is joined to the second casing (2.1) by securing means (5).
 
2. Device according to claim 1, wherein the securing means (5) are at least one tab (5.1) arranged in the first casing (1.2) with a hollow (5.11) that engages on a protuberance (5.12) arranged in the second casing (2.1).
 
3. Device according to claim 1, wherein the first casing (1.2) has a first flat surface (1.6) with a first opening (1.61) and the second casing (2.1) has a second flat surface (2.5) with a second opening (2.51).
 
4. Device according to claim 1, wherein the second casing (2.1) has a partition wall (2.41) between each pair of terminals (4).
 




Drawing




























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description