(19)
(11)EP 3 654 130 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 19209159.3

(22)Date of filing:  14.11.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G05D 23/13(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 19.11.2018 US 201816195373

(71)Applicant: Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation
Charlotte, NC 28217-4578 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • BUTCKA, William W.
    Colchester, CT Connecticut 06415 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)

  


(54)THERMAL WAX BYPASS VALVE UTILIZING RIGID SEAL CARRIER


(57) A bypass system has a source of a fluid to be cooled and a heat exchanger (28) for selectively cooling fluid. A piston (38) is moveable along an axis allowing movement of a valve poppet (22) toward and away from the valve seat (24). The piston moves with a rigid seal carrier (138). The rigid seal carrier (138) and the piston (38) move within a valve housing (45). A wax element is disposed on an opposed axial side of the rigid seal carrier relative to a chamber, such that the wax element expands as a temperature of the fluid to be cooled increases, and causes the valve poppet to move against the valve seat. A bypass valve is also disclosed.




Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] This application relates to a seal that has a thermally responsive wax plug and wherein movement of the wax is constrained with a seal moving with a rigid seal carrier.

[0002] Valves are utilized in any number of modern fluid flow applications. One valve application controls a bypass on a line connecting a fluid to a heat exchanger. If the fluid is below a predetermined temperature, it may be inefficient to send the fluid to the heat exchanger. In such instances, the valve opens to bypass the fluid back to a sump or other source.

[0003] One type of valve for providing the selective bypass based upon the temperature of the fluid utilizes a wax element that expands when heated. When the wax is heated, it drives a valve against the seat and when the wax cools, it allows a spring assembly to move the valve to a bypass position.

[0004] In the existing valves, a rubber boot seals the wax within a portion of a chamber. The rubber boot may sometimes tear and this allows the wax to flow within the chamber.

SUMMARY



[0005] A bypass system has a source of a fluid to be cooled and a heat exchanger for selectively cooling fluid. A bypass valve is mounted on a line to selectively bypass fluid prior to reaching the heat exchanger. The bypass valve includes a valve poppet and valve seat. The valve further includes a piston moveable along an axis to, allowing movement of the valve poppet toward and away from the valve seat. The piston moves with a rigid seal carrier. The rigid seal carrier carries a seal at an outer periphery. The metal seal carrier and the piston move within a valve housing. The valve housing has a chamber formed on one axial side of the rigid seal carrier. A wax element is disposed on an opposed axial side of the rigid seal carrier relative to the chamber, such that the wax element expands as a temperature of the fluid to be cooled increases, and causes the valve poppet to move against the valve seat. The wax element cools if the temperature of the fluid to be cooled lowers such that the valve poppet can move away from the valve seat.

[0006] A bypass valve is also disclosed.

[0007] These and other features may be best understood from the following drawings and specification.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0008] 

Figure 1 shows an existing valve.

Figure 2 shows an improvement to the existing valve.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0009] Figure 1 shows a valve assembly 20 in a bypass system. A valve poppet 22 is selectively driven to seat on a valve seat 24. A source 26 selectively communicates a fluid to be cooled to a heat exchanger 28. When the valve poppet 22 is not seated on the seat 24, this fluid is allowed to bypass the heat exchanger 128 and return through line 17 to the source 26.

[0010] As shown, the bypass fluid in line 17 communicates with the line 19 which is the normal return line from the heat exchanger 28. These two flows combine into a line 30 heading back to the source 26. The source 26 could be a sump and an item that the oil is cooling such as a generator or other system.

[0011] Of course, this explanation is greatly simplified. One such fluid may be oil utilized to cool other components in a gas turbine engine although other bypass applications will benefit from this disclosure. It is only under certain conditions that the oil will reach a temperature where the cooling is necessary. It may be inefficient to cool the fluid at times when it is below a predetermined temperature. Thus, the bypass mode improves the efficiency by bypassing the heat exchanger under most operational conditions.

[0012] A valve piston 40 is received within a chamber in a valve housing 45. The valve housing is fixed with the valve poppet. Wax 36 is included in a chamber between the housing 45 and the piston 40, and a rubber boot 38 maintains the wax in the chamber. If the fluid passing towards the heat exchanger 28 exceeds a predetermined temperature, it will heat the valve housing 45 and thus the wax 36. The wax 36 will then expand forcing the piston 40 to the left in the Figure. The piston 40 is received within a piston guide 43. The piston 40 has a forward face 41 secured to the boot 38. The valve guide 43 has a forward face 44. A return spring 42 is in the valve guide 43. Another spring 46 is outward of the valve guide 43 and within an outer housing 47 and provides a pressure relief function. The housing 43 applies a force against the snap ring 39. As the piston 40 moves to the left with the wax 36 being heated, it eventually bottoms out on the bottom of the chamber in the valve guide 43, and forces the valve housing 45 and poppet 22 to the right from the Figure 1 position.

[0013] The wax plug or element 36 may be a wax and copper powder combination. The inclusion of the copper assists in heat transfer and the melting of the wax to achieve the fine control of the position of the valve 22.

[0014] The rubber boot 38 seals the wax element 36 from the remainder of a chamber 39. As can be appreciated, it is desirable to maintain the wax element 36 in a position forward of the piston 34. When the wax heats, it becomes fluid. If the rubber boot 38 tears, the wax can leak into the chamber 39 adversely affecting the efficiency and speed of operation of the valve 20.

[0015] Figure 2 shows an alternative valve 120. In alternative valve 120, elements that are generally the same as the Figure 1 elements are indicated with a numeral increased by 100.

[0016] In the valve 120, the rubber boot is replaced by a rigid seal carrier 138 carrying an outer seal 146. The rigid seal carrier may be formed of a stainless steel, or other appropriate materials. Suitable metals and plastics such as a PEEK may be utilized. Metal seal carrier 138 includes a forward face 140 which generally defines a plane perpendicular to a central axis of the valve 134, a cylindrical portion 142, and an end ear or brim 144.

[0017] The combination of surfaces 140/142/144 generally form a top hat shape. A seal 146 is formed at an outer periphery of the brim 144. Seal 146 may be formed of an elastomeric material, a metal, a plastic including PEEK (polyether ether ketone), or a carbon material, and other materials. The seal carrier 138 will be less likely to break or otherwise allow movement of the wax 136 past the seal 146 and, thus, the concern mentioned above with regard to Figure 1 will be eliminated.

[0018] The seal carrier has a generally top hat shape with a forward planer portion extending generally perpendicularly to an axis of movement of the poppet. A cylindrical portion extends from the forward portion and in a direction away from the valve seat and a brim extending radially outwardly from the cylindrical portion.

[0019] Although an embodiment of this invention has been disclosed, a worker of ordinary skill in this art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this disclosure. For that reason, the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this disclosure.


Claims

1. A bypass system comprising:

a source of a fluid to be cooled and a heat exchanger (28) for selectively cooling the fluid;

a bypass valve mounted on a line to selectively bypass fluid prior to reaching the heat exchanger if the fluid falls below a predetermined temperature, said bypass valve including a valve poppet (22) and valve seat, said valve further including a piston (34) moveable along an axis allowing movement of said valve poppet toward and away from said valve seat, said piston moving with a rigid seal carrier (138), said rigid seal carrier (138) carrying a seal at an outer periphery, and said rigid seal carrier (138) and said piston moving within a valve housing, said valve housing having a chamber formed on one axial side of said rigid seal carrier (138), and a wax portion disposed on an opposed axial side of said rigid seal carrier (138) relative to said chamber, such that said wax portion expands as a temperature of the fluid to be cooled increases, and causes said valve poppet (22) to move against said valve seat (24) and said wax (36) cools if the temperature of the fluid to be cooled lowers such that said valve poppet (22) can move away from said valve seat (24).


 
2. The bypass system as set forth in claim 1, wherein said wax portion includes a wax (36) and a powdered metal.
 
3. The bypass system as set forth in claim 2, wherein said piston (34) is forced in a first axial direction away from said valve seat as said wax (36) expands, and causes said valve housing (45) to move with said valve poppet (22) toward said valve seat (24).
 
4. The bypass system as set forth in any preceding claim, wherein said rigid seal carrier (138) is formed of a metal.
 
5. The bypass system as set forth in any preceding claim, wherein said seal is formed of one an elastomeric material, a metal, or a carbon material.
 
6. The bypass system as set forth in any preceding claim, wherein said rigid seal carrier (138) has a generally top hat shape with a forward planer portion extending generally perpendicularly to an axis of movement of the poppet (22), a cylindrical portion extending from said forward portion and in a direction away from said valve seat and a brim extending radially outwardly from said cylindrical portion.
 
7. The bypass system as set forth in any preceding claim, wherein said seal (146) is received on a radially outer portion of said brim.
 
8. The bypass system as set forth in any preceding claim, wherein said piston (34) is forced in a first axial direction away from said valve seat (24) as said wax (36) expands, and causes said valve housing (45) to move with said valve head toward said valve seat (24).
 
9. The bypass system as set forth in any preceding claim, wherein said rigid seal carrier (138) is formed of stainless steel.
 
10. A bypass valve comprising:

a valve poppet (22) and valve seat (24), said valve further including a piston (38) moveable along an axis allowing movement of said valve poppet (22) toward and away from said valve seat (24), said piston (38) moving with a metal seal carrier (138), said metal seal carrier carrying a seal at an outer periphery, and said metal seal carrier (138) and said piston (38) moving within a valve housing (45), said valve housing (45) having a chamber formed on one axial side of said metal seal carrier, and a wax portion disposed on an opposed axial side of said metal seal carrier relative to said chamber, such that said wax portion expands as a temperature of the fluid to be cooled increases, and causes said valve poppet to move against said valve seat (24) and said wax (36) cools if the temperature of the fluid to be cooled lowers such that said valve poppet (22) can move away from said valve seat (24); and

said metal seal carrier (138) is formed of stainless steel, said seal (146) is formed of one an elastomeric material, a metal, a plastic, or a carbon material, said metal seal carrier has a generally top hat shape with a forward portion extending generally perpendicularly to an axis of movement of the piston, a cylindrical portion extending from said forward portion and in a direction away from said valve seat (24) and a brim extending radially outwardly from said cylindrical portion, said seal (146) is received on a radially outer portion of said brim.


 




Drawing










Search report









Search report