(19)
(11)EP 3 654 379 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 19207773.3

(22)Date of filing:  07.11.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01L 27/32  (2006.01)
G09G 3/3233  (2016.01)
G09G 3/3225  (2016.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 14.11.2018 KR 20180139614

(71)Applicant: LG Display Co., Ltd.
SEOUL, 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • JO, Sung-Min
    Gyeonggi-do 10845 (KR)
  • JEON, Seung-Joon
    Gyeonggi-do 10845 (KR)

(74)Representative: Ter Meer Steinmeister & Partner 
Patentanwälte mbB Nymphenburger Straße 4
80335 München
80335 München (DE)

  


(54)ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME


(57) An organic light emitting diode display device includes: a substrate including a plurality of subpixels classified into a plurality of horizontal pixel lines; a gate line and a sensing line spaced apart from each other on the substrate; a data line and a power line crossing the gate line and the sensing line and spaced apart from each other; and first and second reference lines supplying first and second reference voltages, respectively, and connected to adjacent two, respectively, of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines.




Description


[0001] This patent application claims priority to Republic of Korea Patent Application No. 10-2018-0139614, filed on November 14, 2018, in the Korean Intellectual Property Office.

BACKGROUND


Technical Field



[0002] The present disclosure relates to a display device, and more particularly, to an organic light emitting diode display device where deterioration such as a horizontal bright line is prevented by supplying a reference voltage to adjacent horizontal pixel lines through different reference lines and a method of driving the organic light emitting diode display device.

Discussion of the Related Art



[0003] Among the flat panel displays, an organic light emitting diode (OLED) display device has a relatively high luminance and a relatively low driving voltage.

[0004] Since the OLED display device has an emissive type, the OLED display device has a relatively great contrast ratio. In addition, since the OLED display device has a response time of several microseconds, the OLED display device has an advantage in displaying a moving image. The OLED display device also has a relatively wide viewing angle and is stable even under a relatively low temperature. Since the OLED display device is driven by a relatively low voltage of direct current (DC) 5V to 15V, a driving circuit can be easily designed and manufactured.

[0005] Further, since the OLED display device is fabricated through a deposition and an encapsulation, the OLED display device has a simplified fabrication process.

[0006] A plurality of thin film transistors (TFTs) such as a switching TFT, a driving TFT and a sensing TFT, a storage capacitor and a light emitting diode may be formed in each pixel of the OLED display device.

[0007] The sensing TFT is connected to the driving TFT and a reference line to initialize a source electrode of the driving TFT by applying a reference voltage to the source electrode. A threshold voltage of the driving TFT stored in the storage capacitor is reflected to a data signal such that a variation in the threshold voltage of the driving TFT is compensated.

[0008] The reference voltage is supplied to all the horizontal pixel lines of the OLED display device through a single reference line.

[0009] Recently, as a resolution increases, a technology that a sufficient charging time for each pixel is obtained by partially overlapping turn-on sections of the switching TFT and the sensing TFT in the adjacent horizontal pixel lines has been developed.

[0010] In the turn-on overlap driving, while the sensing TFT of an (n)th horizontal pixel line is turned on to initialize the source electrode of the driving TFT, the sensing TFT of an (n+1)th horizontal pixel line is also turned on. As a result, a current is instantaneously generated in the single reference line supplying the reference voltage to the (n)th and (n+1)th horizontal pixel lines, and a voltage of the source electrode of the driving TFT of the (n)th horizontal pixel line instantaneously increases to have an inflection point where a rate of change varies.

[0011] The inflection point of the voltage of the source electrode of the driving TFT may influence a turn-on current of the driving TFT. When the turn-on sections of the switching TFT and the sensing TFT in all the horizontal pixel lines of the OLED display device partially overlap each other, a uniform turn-on current is generated in the driving TFT in all the horizontal pixel lines and an image displayed by the OLED display device has no deterioration.

[0012] A technology that a response speed of an image is improved by inserting a black data into an image data has been developed.

[0013] When the black insertion driving is applied to the turn-on overlap driving, the turn-on sections of the switching TFT and the sensing TFT do not overlap each other and are separated from each other for inserting the black data.

[0014] The voltage of the source electrode of the driving TFT in the horizontal pixel lines where the turn-on sectons overlap each other and the voltage of the source electrode of the driving TFT in the horizontal pixel lines where the turn-on sections do not overlap each other have different inflection points according to overlap.

[0015] When the turn-on sections of the sensing TFTs in the (n)th and (n+1)th horizontal pixel lines overlap each other and the turn-on sections of the sensing TFTs in the (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines do not overlap each other and are separated from each other, the inflection point of the voltage of the source electrode of the driving TFT in the (n)th horizontal pixel line influenced by the (n+1)th horizontal pixel line becomes different from the inflection point of the voltage of the source electrode of the driving TFT in the (n+1)th horizontal pixel line influenced by the (n+2)th horizontal pixel line.

[0016] The turn-on current becomes non-uniform due to the difference of the inflection points of the voltages of the source electrodes of the driving TFTs and deterioration such as a horizontal bright line occurs in an image displayed by the OLED display device. As a result, a display quality of the OLED display device is deteriorated.

SUMMARY



[0017] Embodiments relate to an organic light emitting diode display device where deterioration such as a horizontal bright line is prevented by supplying a reference voltage to adjacent horizontal pixel lines through different reference lines and a display quality is improved due to increase of a total luminance, and a method of driving the organic light emitting diode display device.

[0018] The object is solved by the features of the independent claims. Preferred embodiments are given in the dependent claims.

[0019] According to one aspect of the present invention, an organic light emitting diode display device comprises: a substrate including a plurality of sub-pixels classified into a plurality of horizontal pixel lines; a gate line and a sensing line spaced apart from each other on the substrate; a data line and a power line crossing the gate line and the sensing line and spaced apart from each other; and first and second reference lines supplying first and second reference voltages, respectively, and connected to adjacent two, respectively, of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines.

[0020] Classified may mean arranged or located.

[0021] Preferably, the first reference voltage may be supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels in odd ones of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines through the first reference line.

[0022] Preferably, the second reference voltage may be supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels in even ones of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines through the second reference line.

[0023] Preferably, the first and second reference lines may extend along a vertical direction.

[0024] Preferably, the first and second reference lines may be alternately disposed along a horizontal direction.

[0025] Preferably, each of a number of adjacent sub-pixels of the plurality of sub-pixels may be connected to one of the first and second reference lines through an extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0026] Preferably, the first and second reference lines may be alternately disposed by adjacent two of the plurality of sub-pixels along a horizontal direction.

[0027] Preferably, each of the first and second reference lines may be repeatedly disposed by adjacent four of the plurality of sub-pixels along the horizontal direction.

[0028] Preferably, each of adjacent four of the plurality of sub-pixels may be connected to one of the first and second reference lines through an extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0029] The plurality of sub-pixels may include first, second, third and fourth sub-pixels.

[0030] Preferably, the first reference line may be disposed between the second and third sub-pixels and may be repeatedly disposed by the third, fourth, first and second sub-pixels.

[0031] Preferably, the first, second, third and fourth sub-pixels may be connected to the first reference line through the extension line.

[0032] Preferably, the second reference line may be disposed between the fourth and first sub-pixels and is repeatedly disposed by the first, second, third and fourth sub-pixels.

[0033] Preferably, the third, fourth, first and second sub-pixels may be connected to the second reference line through the extension line.

[0034] Preferably, the plurality of horizontal pixel lines may include (n)th, (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines.

[0035] Preferably, turn-on sections of sensing voltages supplied to the (n)th and (n+1)th horizontal pixel lines may overlap each other.

[0036] Preferably, the turn-on sections of the sensing voltages supplied to the (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines may be separated from each other.

[0037] Preferably, the first reference voltage may be supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels in the (n)th horizontal pixel line through the first reference line

[0038] Preferably, the second reference voltage may be supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels in the (n+1)th horizontal pixel line through the second reference line.

[0039] Each of the plurality of sub-pixels may include first, second and third thin film transistors each including a gate electrode, a source electrode and a drain electrode, a storage capacitor and a light emitting diode.

[0040] Preferably, the gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the first thin film transistor may be connected to the gate line, the data line and the gate electrode of the second thin film transistor, respectively.

[0041] Preferably, the gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the second thin film transistor may be connected to the drain electrode of the third thin film transistor, an anode of the light emitting diode and the power line, respectively.

[0042] Preferably, the gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the third thin film transistor may be connected to the sensing line, the source electrode of the second thin film transistor and one of the first and second reference lines, respectively.

[0043] Preferably, the storage capacitor may be connected between the gate electrode and the source electrode of the second thin film transistor.

[0044] Preferably, the anode and a cathode of the light emitting diode may be connected to the source electrode of the second thin film transistor and a low level voltage, respectively.

[0045] According to one aspect of the present invention, a method of driving an organic light emitting diode including a plurality of sub-pixels classified into a plurality of horizontal pixel lines comprises: supplying a gate voltage to the plurality of sub-pixels in the plurality of horizontal pixel lines through a gate line; supplying a data voltage to the plurality of sub-pixels in the plurality of horizontal pixel lines through a data line; supplying a sensing voltage to the plurality of sub-pixels in the plurality of horizontal pixel lines through a sensing line; and supplying first and second reference voltages to adjacent two, respectively, of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines through first and second reference lines, respectively.

[0046] Supplying the first and second reference voltages may preferably comprise: supplying the first reference voltage to the plurality of sub-pixels in odd ones of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines through the first reference line; and supplying the second reference voltage to the plurality of sub-pixels in even ones of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines through the second reference line.

[0047] Preferably, each of a number of adjacent sub-pixels of the plurality of sub-pixels may be supplied by one of the first and second reference lines through an extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0048] Preferably, the first and second reference lines are alternately disposed by adjacent two of the plurality of sub-pixels along a horizontal direction.

[0049] The plurality of horizontal pixel lines may include (n)th, (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines, wherein turn-on sections of sensing voltages supplied to the (n)th and (n+1)th horizontal pixel lines may overlap each other, and the turn-on sections of the sensing voltages supplied to the (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines may be separated from each other, and wherein the first reference voltage may be supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels in the (n)th horizontal pixel line through the first reference line, and the second reference voltage may be supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels in the (n+1)th horizontal pixel line through the second reference line.

[0050] Advantages and features of the disclosure will be set forth, in part, in the description, which follows and, in part, will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the disclosure. Other advantages and features of the embodiments herein may be realized and attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description and claims hereof as well as the appended drawings. It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are explanatory and are intended to provide further explanation of the embodiments as claimed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0051] The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the disclosure, are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate implementations of the disclosure and together with the description serve to explain the principles of embodiments of the disclosure.

FIG. 1 is a view showing an organic light emitting diode display device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a view showing an equivalent circuit of a sub-pixel of an organic light emitting diode according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 3 is a plan view showing an organic light emitting diode display device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along a line IV-IV of FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 is a timing chart showing a gate voltage and a sensing voltage of an organic light emitting diode display device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIGs. 6A and 6B are graphs showing an inflection point of a voltage of a source electrode of a driving thin film transistor of an organic light emitting diode display device according to a comparison example and an embodiment of the present disclosure, respectively.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0052] Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present disclosure, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. In the following description, when a detailed description of well-known functions or configurations related to this document is determined to unnecessarily cloud a general understanding of an embodiment of the disclosure, the detailed description thereof will be omitted. The progression of processing steps and/or operations described is an example; however, the sequence of steps and/or operations is not limited to that set forth herein and may be changed, with the exception of steps and/or operations necessarily occurring in a certain order. Like reference numerals designate like elements throughout. Names of the respective elements used in the following explanations are selected only for convenience of writing the specification and may be thus different from those used in actual products. Moreover, it is understood that terms like "horizontal" and "vertical" are used in the present application not to designate an absolute orientation in space, but only to describe relative orientations, i.e. a "horizontal" direction is understood as a direction perpendicular to a "vertical" direction, and vice versa.

[0053] FIG. 1 is a view showing an organic light emitting diode display device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0054] In FIG. 1, an organic light emitting diode (OLED) display device 110 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a plurality of pixels P, and each of the plurality of pixels P includes a plurality of sub-pixels SP.

[0055] For example, each of the plurality of pixels P includes the plurality of sub-pixels SP displaying red, white, blue and green colors (R, W, B, G).

[0056] The plurality of pixels P may be classified into a plurality of horizontal pixel lines (pixel rows). For example, the plurality of pixels P may be classified into first, second, third and fourth horizontal pixel lines PR1, PR2, PR3 and PR4. Accordingly, the plurality of sub-pixels SP included in the plurality of pixels P may be classified into first, second, third and fourth horizontal pixel lines PR1, PR2, PR3 and PR4, respectively. Within the horizontal pixel lines PR1, PR2, PR3 and PR4, the subpixels SP of each pixel P are arranged adjacent to each other along each one of the horizontal pixel lines PR1, PR2, PR3 and PR4, so that first, second third and fourth sub-pixels SP (corresponding, for example, to red, white, blue and green colors) of each pixel P follow up to each other along a respective one of the horizontal pixel lines PR1, PR2, PR3 and PR4.

[0057] Although the OLED display device 110 exemplarily has a stripe structure where the red, white, blue and green sub-pixels SP are disposed in the same vertical pixel line (pixel column) by color in FIG. 1, the OLED display device may have a mosaic structure where the red, white, blue and green sub-pixels SP are disposed in the different vertical pixel line (pixel column) by color or a delta structure where the red, white, blue and green sub-pixels SP are not disposed in a line but disposed to overlap each other along a vertical direction in another embodiment.

[0058] Each of the plurality of sub-pixels SP is connected to one of first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2. The plurality of sub-pixels SP in one of the two adjacent horizontal pixel lines are connected to one of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2, and the plurality of sub-pixels SP in the other of the two adjacent horizontal pixel lines are connected to the other of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2.

[0059] For example, the plurality of sub-pixels SP in an odd ((2k+1)th, k is 0 or a positive integer) horizontal pixel line such as the first and third horizontal pixel lines PR1 and PR3 may be connected to the first reference line RL1, and the plurality of sub-pixels SP in an even ((2k)th, k is a positive integer) horizontal pixel line such as the second and fourth horizontal pixel lines PR2 and PR4 may be connected to the second reference line RL2.

[0060] The first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 are disposed along a vertical direction. The first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 are alternately disposed by the two adjacent sub-pixels SP along a horizontal direction and each of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 is repeatedly disposed by the four adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. Each of the four adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction is connected to one of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 through an extension line along the horizontal line.

[0061] For example, the first reference line RL1 may be disposed between the white and blue (W, B) along the vertical direction and may be repeatedly disposed by the blue, green, red and white (B, G, R, W) sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. The adjacent red, white, blue and green (R, W, B, G) sub-pixels SP may be connected to the first reference line RL1 through the extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0062] In addition, the second reference line RL2 may be disposed between the green and red (G, R) along the vertical direction and may be repeatedly disposed by the red, white, blue and green (R, W, B, G) sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. The adjacent blue, green, red and white (B, G, R, W) sub-pixels SP may be connected to the second reference line RL2 through the extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0063] In another embodiment, the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 may be disposed along a vertical direction. The first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 may be alternately disposed by the four adjacent sub-pixels SP along a horizontal direction and may be repeatedly disposed by the eight adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. Each of the four adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction may be connected to one of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 through an extension line along the horizontal line.

[0064] First and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 may be applied to the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2, respectively. The first and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 may have the same value and may be a constant voltage. The first and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 may be applied by corresponding first and second reference voltage supplies, which can be provided to supply the respective reference voltages REF1 and REF2.

[0065] As a result, the plurality of sub-pixels SP in one of the two adjacent horizontal pixel lines are connected to one of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2, and one of the first and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 is supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels SP in one of the two adjacent horizontal pixel lines. The plurality of sub-pixels SP in the other of the two adjacent horizontal pixel lines are connected to the other of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2, and the other of the first and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 is supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels SP in the other of the two adjacent horizontal pixel lines.

[0066] For example, the plurality of sub-pixels SP in an odd ((2k-1)th, k is a positive integer) horizontal pixel line such as the first and third horizontal pixel lines PR1 and PR3 may be connected to the first reference line RL1 and may receive the first reference voltage REF1. The plurality of sub-pixels SP in an even ((2k)th, k is a positive integer) horizontal pixel line such as the second and fourth horizontal pixel lines PR2 and PR4 may be connected to the second reference line RL2 and may receive the second reference voltage REF2.

[0067] A structure of the plurality of sub-pixels SP of the OLED display device 110 will be illustrated with reference to a drawing.

[0068] FIG. 2 is a view showing an equivalent circuit of a sub-pixel of an organic light emitting diode according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0069] In FIG. 2, an organic light emitting diode (OLED) display device 110 (of FIG. 1) includes a plurality of sub-pixels SP (of FIG. 1) such as first and second sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 adjacent to each other along a vertical direction. The first and second sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 may belong to two adjacent horizontal pixel lines, respectively.

[0070] Each of the first and second sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 may be defined by a gate line GL, a sensing line SL, a data line DL, a power line PL and first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 crossing each other.

[0071] A gate voltage (gate signal) GATE is supplied to the gate line GL, and a sensing voltage (sensing signal) SENS is supplied to the sensing line SL. A data voltage (data signal) DATA is supplied to the data line DL, and a high level voltage VDD is supplied to the power line PL. In addition, first and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 are supplied to the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2, respectively.

[0072] For example, the gate voltage GATE and the sensing voltage SENS may be a voltage including a pulse of the same timing, and the first and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 may be a constant voltage of the same value.

[0073] First, second and third thin film transistors (TFTs) T1, T2 and T3, a storage capacitor Cst and a light emitting diode Del are disposed in each of the first and second sub-pixels SP1 and SP2.

[0074] Although not shown, each of the first, second and third TFTs T1, T2 and T3 may include a gate electrode, a semiconductor layer, a source electrode and a drain electrode. A gate insulating layer may be disposed between the gate electrode and the semiconductor layer, and a passivation layer may be disposed on the source electrode and the drain electrode.

[0075] In addition, the light emitting diode Del may include a first electrode of an anode, a light emitting layer and a second electrode of a cathode, and a color filter layer may be disposed in the plurality of sub-pixels SP.

[0076] The gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the first TFT T1 of a switching TFT are connected to the gate line GL, the data line DL and the gate electrode of the second TFT T2, respectively.

[0077] The gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the second TFT T2 of a driving TFT are connected to the drain electrode of the third TFT T3, an anode of the light emitting diode Del and the power line PL, respectively.

[0078] The gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the third TFT T3 of a sensing TFT are connected to the sensing line SL, the source electrode of the second TFT T2 and one of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2, respectively. For example, the drain electrode of the third TFT T3 in the first sub-pixel SP1 may be connected to the first reference line RL1, and the drain electrode of the third TFT T3 in the second sub-pixel SP2 may be connected to the second reference line RL2.

[0079] The storage capacitor Cst is connected between the gate electrode and the source electrode of the second TFT T2.

[0080] The anode and the cathode of the light emitting diode Del are connected to the source electrode of the second TFT T2 and a low level voltage VSS, respectively.

[0081] In the OLED display device 110, when the first TFT T1 is turned on according to the gate voltage GATE of the gate line GL, the data voltage DATA of the data line DL is applied to the gate electrode of the second TFT T2 through the first TFT T1, and the second TFT T2 supplies a current corresponding to the data voltage DATA to the light emitting diode Del using the high level voltage VDD of the power line PL.

[0082] When the third TFT T3 is turned on according to the sensing voltage SENS of the sensing line SL, the first voltage REF1 of the first reference line RL1 or the second voltage REF2 of the second reference line RL2 is applied to the source electrode of the second TFT T2, and a threshold voltage of the second TFT T2 is stored in the storage capacitor Cst.

[0083] The threshold voltage of the second TFT T2 stored in the storage capacitor Cst in the first and second sub-pixels SP1 and SP2 is transmitted to a data driving unit (not shown) and a timing controlling unit (not shown) through the third TFT T3. The timing controlling unit generates a revised data voltage DATA by adding the threshold voltage of the second TFT T2 to the data voltage DATA and supplies the revised data voltage DATA to the first and second sub-pixels SP1 and SP2.

[0084] A plane structure and a cross-sectional structure of the OLED display device 110 will be illustrated with reference to a drawing.

[0085] FIG. 3 is a plan view showing an organic light emitting diode display device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, and FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along a line IV-IV of FIG. 3.

[0086] In FIGs. 3 and 4, a gate line GL, a sensing line SL, a data line DL, a power line PL and first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 are disposed on a substrate 120 of an organic light emitting diode (OLED) display device 110 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0087] A plurality of sub-pixels SP includes red, white, blue and green sub-pixels SP(R), SP(W), SP(B) and SP(G) constituting a single pixel P, and a transistor unit TU is disposed in a lower portion of each of the plurality of sub-pixels SP.

[0088] Each of the plurality of sub-pixels SP may include a light emitting diode Del and a color filter layer (or an overcoat layer), and the transistor unit TU may include first, second and third TFTs T1, T2 and T3 and a storage capacitor Cst.

[0089] The plurality of pixels P may be classified into a plurality of horizontal pixel lines (pixel rows). For example, the plurality of pixels P may be classified into first, second, third and fourth horizontal pixel lines PR1, PR2, PR3 and PR4.

[0090] A gate line GL and a sensing line SL are parallel to a horizontal direction and spaced apart from each other. A data line DL, a power line PL and first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 are parallel to a vertical direction and spaced apart from each other.

[0091] Although not shown, the gate line GL and the sensing line SL may include the same layer and the same material as a gate electrode of each of the first, second and third TFTs T1, T2 and T3. The data line DL, the power line PL and the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 may include the same layer and the same material as a source electrode and a drain electrode of each of the first, second and third TFTs T1, T2 and T3.

[0092] Extension lines of the gate line GL, the sensing line SL and the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 may be spaced apart from each other between the two adjacent horizontal pixel lines and may be connected to the transistor unit TU.

[0093] The two adjacent data lines DL may be disposed between the two adjacent sub-pixels SP and may be repeatedly disposed by the two adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. The two adjacent data lines DL may be connected to the transistor unit TU.

[0094] The power line PL may be disposed along the vertical direction. The power line PL may be alternately disposed with the first reference line RL1 or the second reference line RL2 by the two adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. The power line PL may be repeatedly disposed by the four adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. The transistor unit TU of the four adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction may be connected to the power line through the extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0095] The first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 may be disposed along the vertical direction. The first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 may be alternately disposed by the two adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction and may be repeatedly disposed by the four adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. The transistor unit TU of the four adjacent sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction may be connected to one of the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2 through the extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0096] For example, the first reference line RL1 may be disposed between the white and blue (W, B) sub-pixels SP along the vertical direction and may be repeatedly disposed by the blue, green, red and white (B, G, R, W) sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. The transistor unit TU of the adjacent red, white, blue and green (R, W, B, G) sub-pixels SP may be connected to the first reference line RL1 through the extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0097] The second reference line RL2 may be disposed between the green and red (G, R) sub-pixels SP along the vertical direction and may be repeatedly disposed by the red, white, blue and green (R, W, B, G) sub-pixels SP along the horizontal direction. The transistor unit TU of the adjacent blue, green, red and white (B, G, R, W) sub-pixels SP may be connected to the second reference line RL2 through the extension line along the horizontal direction.

[0098] A gate voltage (gate signal) GATE is supplied to the gate line GL, and a sensing voltage (sensing signal) SENS is supplied to the sensing line SL. A data voltage (data signal) DATA is supplied to the data line DL, and a high level voltage VDD is supplied to the power line PL. In addition, first and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 are supplied to the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2, respectively.

[0099] The gate voltage GATE and the sensing voltage SENS may have the same timing.

[0100] FIG. 5 is a timing chart showing a gate voltage and a sensing voltage of an organic light emitting diode display device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0101] In FIG. 5, a gate voltage GATE and a sensing voltage SENS are supplied to a gate line GL (of FIG. 3) and a sensing line SL (of FIG. 3), respectively, of each horizontal pixel line PR (of FIG. 3) of an organic light emitting diode (OLED) display device 110 (of FIG. 3). The gate voltage GATE and the sensing voltage SENS may be a voltage including a pulse of the same timing.

[0102] The plurality of sub-pixels SP in an odd ((2k+1)th, k is 0 or a positive integer) horizontal pixel line PR may be connected to the first reference line RL1 to receive a first reference voltage REF1. The plurality of sub-pixels SP in an even ((2k)th, k is a positive integer) horizontal pixel line PR may be connected to the second reference line RL2 to receive a second reference voltage REF2.

[0103] For example, a first gate voltage GATE1 and a first sensing voltage SENS1 may be supplied to the gate line GL and the sensing line SL, respectively, in a first horizontal pixel line PR1, and a second gate voltage GATE2 and a second sensing voltage SENS2 may be supplied to the gate line GL and the sensing line SL, respectively, in a second horizontal pixel line PR2.

[0104] Similarly, third to twelfth gate voltages GATE3 to GATE12 may be supplied to the gate line GL in third to twelfth horizontal pixel lines, respectively, and third to twelfth sensing voltages SENS3 to SENS12 may be supplied to the sensing line SL in third to twelfth horizontal pixel lines, respectively.

[0105] Each of the first to twelfth sensing voltages SENS1 to SENS12 includes a pulse having a turn-on section of a high level, and the turn-on section of the pulse corresponds to two horizontal period 2H of the OLED display device 110.

[0106] A timing of the turn-on section of the first to twelfth sensing voltages SENS1 to SENS12 may be sequentially changed according to the horizontal pixel line PR.

[0107] To obtain a sufficient charging time, the turn-on sections of adjacent two of the first to sixth sensing voltages SENS1 to SENS6 partially overlap each other by one horizontal period 1H and the turn-on sections of adjacent two of the seventh to twelfth sensing voltages SENS7 to SENS12 partially overlap each other by one horizontal period 1H.

[0108] In addition, to insert a black data for prevention of a residual image, the turn-on sections of the sixth and seventh sensing voltages SENS6 and SENS7 do not overlap each other and are separated from each other.

[0109] In the OLED display device 110 driven by the sensing voltage SENS, deterioration such as a horizontal bright line may be prevented by supplying the first and second reference voltages REF1 and REF2 to the two adjacent horizontal pixel lines through the first and second reference lines RL1 and RL2, respectively.

[0110] FIGs. 6A and 6B are graphs showing an inflection point of a voltage of a source electrode of a driving thin film transistor of an organic light emitting diode display device according to a comparison example and an embodiment of the present disclosure, respectively.

[0111] In FIGs. 6A and 6B, when the third thin film transistor (TFT) T3 is turned on by the sensing voltage SENS in each of the sub-pixels of the first to twelfth horizontal pixel lines of the organic light emitting diode (OLED) display device according to a comparison example and an embodiment of the present disclosure, the reference voltage is supplied to the source electrode of the second TFT T2 through the reference line, and the voltage of the source electrode of the second TFT T2 varies from a voltage of the previous frame to the reference voltage. The variation curve of the voltage of the source electrode of the second TFT T2 has an inflection point due to influence of elements such as the third TFT T3 connected to the reference line in the next horizontal pixel line.

[0112] The inflection point of the voltage of the source electrode of the second TFT T2 may be changed according to a state of the elements connected to the reference line.

[0113] As shown in FIG. 6A of the OLED display device according to the comparison example where the reference voltage is supplied to each sub-pixel in the first to twelfth horizontal pixel lines through one reference line, the source electrode of the second TFT T2 of each sub-pixel SP in the first to fifth horizontal pixel lines and the seventh to twelfth horizontal pixel lines where the turn-on section thereof overlaps the turn-on section of the next horizontal pixel line and the source electrode of the second TFT T2 of each sub-pixel SP in the sixth horizontal pixel line where the turn-on section thereof does not overlap and is separated from the turn-on section of the next horizontal pixel line have different inflection points.

[0114] The voltage of the source electrode (N1(PR5)) of the second TFT T2 of each sub-pixel SP in the fifth horizontal pixel line PR5 where the turn-on section thereof overlaps the turn-on section of the next sixth horizontal pixel line PR6 and the voltage of the source electrode (N1(PR6)) of the second TFT T2 of each sub-pixel SP in the sixth horizontal pixel line PR6 where the turn-on section thereof does not overlap and is separated from the turn-on section of the next seventh horizontal pixel line have different inflection points. As a result, the turn-on current of the second TFT T2 becomes non-uniform and deterioration such as a horizontal bright line occurs. As a result, a display quality of an image is deteriorated.

[0115] As shown in FIG. 6B of the OLED display device 110 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the first reference voltage REF1 is supplied to each sub-pixel SP in the odd horizontal pixel lines PR through the first reference line RL1 and the second reference voltage REF2 is supplied to each sub-pixel SP in the even horizontal pixel lines PR through the second reference line RL2 regardless of overlap of the turn-on section.

[0116] For example, the first reference voltage REF1 is supplied to each sub-pixel SP in the fifth horizontal pixel line PR5 where the turn-on section thereof overlaps the turn-on section of the next sixth horizontal pixel line PR6 through the first reference line RL1, and the second reference voltage REF2 is supplied to each sub-pixel SP in the sixth horizontal line PR6 where he turn-on section thereof does not overlap and is separated from the turn-on section of the next seventh horizontal pixel line through the second reference line RL2.

[0117] The voltage of the source electrode (N1(PR5)) of the second TFT T2 of each sub-pixel SP in the fifth horizontal pixel line PR5 where the turn-on section thereof overlaps the turn-on section of the next sixth horizontal pixel line PR6 and the voltage of the source electrode (N1 (PR6)) of the second TFT T2 of each sub-pixel SP in the sixth horizontal pixel line PR6 where the turn-on section thereof does not overlap and is separated from the turn-on section of the next seventh horizontal pixel line have the same inflection points as each other. As a result, the turn-on current of the second TFT T2 becomes uniform and deterioration such as a horizontal bright line is prevented. As a result, a total luminance increases and a display quality of an image is improved.

[0118] Consequently, in the OLED display device according to the present disclosure, since the reference voltage is supplied to the adjacent horizontal lines through different reference lines, deterioration such as a horizontal bright line is prevented and total luminance increases. As a result, display quality of an image is improved.

[0119] A number of examples have been described above. Nevertheless, it will be understood that various modifications may be made. For example, suitable results may be achieved if the described techniques are performed in a different order and/or if components in a described system, architecture, device, or circuit are combined in a different manner and/or replaced or supplemented by other components. Accordingly, other implementations are within the scope of the following claims.


Claims

1. An organic light emitting diode display device (110), comprising:

a substrate (120) including a plurality of sub-pixels (SP) classified into a plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4);

a gate line (GL) and a sensing line (SL) spaced apart from each other on the substrate (120);

a data line (DL) and a power line (PL) crossing the gate line (GL) and the sensing line (SL) and spaced apart from each other; and

first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) supplying first and second reference voltages (REF1, REF2), respectively, and connected to adjacent two, respectively, of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines.


 
2. The display device of claim 1, configured to supply the first reference voltage (REF1) to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in odd ones of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) through the first reference line (RL1), and
configured to supply the second reference voltage (REF2) to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in even ones of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) through the second reference line (RL2).
 
3. The display device of claim 1 or 2, wherein the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) extend along a vertical direction.
 
4. The display device of claim 3, wherein the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) are alternately disposed along a horizontal direction.
 
5. The display device of claim 4, wherein each of a number of adjacent sub-pixels (SP) of the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) is connected to one of the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) through an extension line along the horizontal direction.
 
6. The display device of claim 4 or 5, wherein the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) are alternately disposed by adjacent two of the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) along a horizontal direction.
 
7. The display device of claim 6, wherein each of the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) is repeatedly disposed by adjacent four of the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) along the horizontal direction, and
wherein each of adjacent four of the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) is connected to one of the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) through an extension line along the horizontal direction.
 
8. The display device of claim 7, wherein the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) include first, second, third and fourth sub-pixels,

wherein the first reference line (RL1) is disposed between the second and third sub-pixels (SP) and is repeatedly disposed by the third, fourth, first and second sub-pixels (SP),

wherein the first, second, third and fourth sub-pixels (SP) are connected to the first reference line (RL1) through the extension line,

wherein the second reference line (RL2) is disposed between the fourth and first sub-pixels (SP) and is repeatedly disposed by the first, second, third and fourth sub-pixels (SP), and

wherein the third, fourth, first and second sub-pixels (SP) are connected to the second reference line (RL2) through the extension line.


 
9. The display device of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) include (n)th, (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines,

wherein turn-on sections of sensing voltages (SENS) supplied to the (n)th and (n+1)th horizontal pixel lines overlap each other, and the turn-on sections of the sensing voltages (SENS) supplied to the (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines are separated from each other, and

wherein the first reference voltage (REF1) is supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in the (n)th horizontal pixel line through the first reference line (RL1), and the second reference voltage (REF2) is supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in the (n+1)th horizontal pixel line through the second reference line (RL2).


 
10. The display device of any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein each of the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) includes first, second and third thin film transistors (T1, T2, T3) each including a gate electrode, a source electrode and a drain electrode, a storage capacitor (Cst) and a light emitting diode (Del),

wherein the gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the first thin film transistor (T1) are connected to the gate line (GL), the data line (DL) and the gate electrode of the second thin film transistor (T2), respectively,

wherein the gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the second thin film transistor (T2) are connected to the drain electrode of the third thin film transistor (T3), an anode of the light emitting diode (Del) and the power line (PL), respectively,

wherein the gate electrode, the source electrode and the drain electrode of the third thin film transistor (T3) are connected to the sensing line (SL), the source electrode of the second thin film transistor (T2) and one of the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2), respectively,

wherein the storage capacitor (Cst) is connected between the gate electrode and the source electrode of the second thin film transistor (T2), and

wherein the anode and a cathode of the light emitting diode (Del) are connected to the source electrode of the second thin film transistor (T2) and a low level voltage (VSS), respectively.


 
11. A method of driving an organic light emitting diode including a plurality of sub-pixels (SP) classified into a plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4), comprising:

supplying a gate voltage (GATE) to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) through a gate line (GL);

supplying a data voltage (DATA) to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) through a data line (DL);

supplying a sensing voltage (SENS) to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) through a sensing line (SL); and

supplying first and second reference voltages (REF1, REF2) to adjacent two, respectively, of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) through first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2), respectively.


 
12. The method of claim 11, wherein supplying the first and second reference voltages (REF1, REF2) comprises:

supplying the first reference voltage (REF1) to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in odd ones of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) through the first reference line (RL1); and

supplying the second reference voltage (REF2) to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in even ones of the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) through the second reference line (RL2).


 
13. The method of claim 12, wherein each of a number of adjacent sub-pixels (SP) of the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) is supplied by one of the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) through an extension line along the horizontal direction.
 
14. The method of claim 12 or 13, wherein the first and second reference lines (RL1, RL2) are alternately disposed by adjacent two of the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) along a horizontal direction.
 
15. The method of any one of claims 11 to 14, wherein the plurality of horizontal pixel lines (PR1, PR2, PR3, PR4) include (n)th, (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines,

wherein turn-on sections of sensing voltages supplied to the (n)th and (n+1)th horizontal pixel lines overlap each other, and the turn-on sections of the sensing voltages (SENS) supplied to the (n+1)th and (n+2)th horizontal pixel lines are separated from each other, and

wherein the first reference voltage (REF1) is supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in the (n)th horizontal pixel line through the first reference line (RL1), and the second reference voltage (REF2) is supplied to the plurality of sub-pixels (SP) in the (n+1)th horizontal pixel line through the second reference line (RL2).


 




Drawing


























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description