(19)
(11)EP 3 654 684 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 19189974.9

(22)Date of filing:  26.06.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 12/04(2009.01)
H04L 9/08(2006.01)
H04W 88/14(2009.01)
H04L 29/06(2006.01)
H04W 36/00(2009.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.06.2009 CN 200910148423

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
13178106.4 / 2658300
10791589.4 / 2416598

(71)Applicant: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • Zhang, Aiqin
    shenzhen, Guangdong (CN)
  • Chen, Jing
    shenzhen, Guangdong (CN)
  • Bi, Xiaoyu
    shenzhen, Guangdong (CN)

(74)Representative: Kreuz, Georg Maria 
Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH Riesstraße 25
80992 München
80992 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 05.08.2019 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
Remarks:
Claims filed after the date of receipt of the divisional application (Rule 68(4) EPC).
 


(54)KEY DERIVATION METHOD, DEVICE, AND SYSTEM


(57) A key derivation method, device, and system are provided in the field of mobile communications technologies. The key derivation method is applicable to a handover process of a User Equipment (UE) from an Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) to a Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN). From the failure of a first handover to a second handover, it is guaranteed that the key derived on a source Mobility Management Entity (MME) in the first handover process of the UE is different from the key derived on the MME in the second handover process of the UE by changing input parameters used in the key derivation, such as by generating a random value, changing a current Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value, and obtaining a fresh value of the UE, so as to prevent the situation in the prior art that once the key used on one Radio Network Controller (RNC) is obtained, the keys on other RNCs can be derived accordingly, thereby enhancing the network security.


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a key derivation method, device, and system.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] In a mobile communication system, a radio access network includes a second generation mobile communication system, a third generation mobile communication system, and a Long Term Evolution (LTE) system.

[0003] In a handover of a User Equipment (UE) from a network where the UE originally locates, namely a source network, to a target network, a key of the target network may be derived from a key of the source network, thereby avoiding the process of authentication and key negotiation, so that the UE and a network side generate, through the same key parameter and algorithm, the key eventually used in the target network.

[0004] In a Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN), the process of authentication and key negotiation generates a Ciphering Key (CK) and an Integrity Key (IK); and in an Evolved UTRAN (EUTRAN), the process of authentication and key negotiation generates a root key (Kasme). Taking the handover of a UE from an EUTRAN to a UTRAN as an example, a base station (BS) originally serving the UE in the EUTRAN (referred to as a source BS for short below) initiates a network handover process; a Mobility Management Entity (MME) associated with the source BS, namely a source MME, derives a key CK' ∥ IK' of the UE in a target network according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), an input parameter, namely a root key Kasme, and Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value in the current security context, and sends the derived key to the target UTRAN; the target network decides a security algorithm for the UE and returns the security algorithm to the UE; and the UE synchronizes the key with a target network side according to the security algorithm.

[0005] In the above handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN, the handover of the UE to the UTRAN may fail due to the failure of the connection of an air interface radio link, so that the UE returns to the EUTRAN and initiates a link reestablishment process to the BS currently serving the UE, that is, the BS where the UE currently locates, referred to as a current BS for short below, and after deciding to perform a handover, the BS initiates another handover process. In this case, the key derivation on the MME in the second handover process and the key derivation on the MME in the first handover process are both performed according to the root key Kasme and the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and therefore the calculated key CK' ∥ IK' is the same, which results in that the key obtained during the handover by multiple Radio Network Controllers (RNC) in a UMTS network through a target Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) is the same. In this manner, once the key used on one RNC is obtained, the keys on other RNCs can be derived accordingly, and the network security is at risk.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0006] The present invention is directed to a key derivation method, device, and system, to enhance the network security.

[0007] An embodiment of the present invention provides a key derivation method, where the method includes in its first implementation form:

generating a random value;

using the random value and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of a UE in a target UTRAN; or

using the random value, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as

input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.



[0008] An embodiment of the present invention provides a key derivation method, where the method includes:

receiving, by a UE, a Handover Command message;

using a random value and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN if the Handover Command message includes the random value; and

using the random value, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN if the Handover Command message includes the random value and the current NAS downlink COUNT value.



[0009] An embodiment of the present invention provides a key derivation method, where the method includes:

obtaining a new NAS downlink COUNT value;

deriving a key of a UE in a target UTRAN according to a KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value; and

sending the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE, so that the UE derives the key in the target UTRAN.



[0010] An embodiment of the present invention provides a key derivation method, where the method includes:

receiving, by a UE, a Handover Command message, in which the Handover Command message includes a new NAS downlink COUNT value; and

deriving a key of the UE in a target UTRAN according to a KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value.



[0011] An embodiment of the present invention provides a key derivation method, where the method includes:

receiving a Handover Required message, in which the Handover Required message includes a fresh value of a UE;

using the fresh value of the UE and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN; or

using the fresh value of the UE, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root

key as input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.



[0012] An embodiment of the present invention provides a key derivation method, where the method includes:

sending, by a UE, a Radio Resource Control (RRC) Connection Reestablishment Request message, in which the RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message includes a fresh value of the UE;

using the fresh value of the UE and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN when receiving a Handover Command message sent by a BS; and

using the fresh value of the UE, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN if the Handover Command message includes the current NAS downlink COUNT value.



[0013] An embodiment of the present invention provides an MME, where the MME includes:

a generating unit, configured to generate a random value; and

a deriving unit, configured to use a root key and the random value generated by the generating unit as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of a UE in a target UTRAN;

or configured to use the random value, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.



[0014] An embodiment of the present invention provides a UE, where the UE includes:

a message receiving unit, configured to receive a Handover Command message;

a key deriving unit, configured to use a random value and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN if the Handover Command message received by the message receiving unit includes the random value; and configured to use the random value, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN if the Handover Command message received by the message receiving unit includes the random value and the current NAS downlink COUNT value.



[0015] An embodiment of the present invention provides an MME, where the MME includes:

a count value obtaining unit, configured to obtain a new NAS downlink COUNT value;

a second deriving unit, configured to derive a key of a UE in a target UTRAN according to a KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value obtained by the count value obtaining unit; and

a handover sending unit, configured to send the new NAS downlink COUNT value obtained by the count value obtaining unit to the UE, so that the UE derives the key in the target UTRAN.



[0016] An embodiment of the present invention provides a UE, where the UE includes:

a second message receiving unit, configured to receive a Handover Command message, in which the Handover Command message includes a new NAS downlink COUNT value; and

a second key deriving unit, configured to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN according to a KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value in the Handover Command message received by the second message receiving unit.



[0017] An embodiment of the present invention provides a communication system, where the communication system includes any one of the above MMEs.

[0018] The key derivation method, device, and system according to the embodiments of the present invention are applicable to the handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN. From the failure of the first handover to the second handover, it is guaranteed that the key derived on the source MME in the first handover process of the UE is different from the key derived on the MME in the second handover process of the UE through changing the input parameters used in the key derivation, such as generating the random value, changing the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and obtaining the fresh value of the UE, so as to prevent the situation in the prior art that once the key used on one RNC is obtained, the keys on other RNCs can be derived accordingly, thereby enhancing the network security.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0019] 

FIG. 1 is a flow chart of a key derivation method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a flow chart of a key derivation method according to Method Embodiment 1 of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a flow chart of a key derivation method according to Method Embodiment 2 of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a flow chart of a key derivation method according to Method Embodiment 3 of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a flow chart of a key derivation method according to Method Embodiment 4 of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a flow chart of a key derivation method according to Method Embodiment 5 of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating a logic structure of an MME according to Device Embodiment 1 of the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram illustrating a logic structure of a UE according to Device Embodiment 2 of the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram illustrating a logic structure of an MME according to Device Embodiment 3 of the present invention;

FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram illustrating a logic structure of a UE according to Device Embodiment 4 of the present invention;

FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram illustrating a logic structure of an MME according to Device Embodiment 5 of the present invention;

FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram illustrating a logic structure of a BS according to Device Embodiment 6 of the present invention;

FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram illustrating a logic structure of a UE according to Device Embodiment 7 of the present invention; and

FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram illustrating a logic structure of an MME according to Device Embodiment 8 of the present invention.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



[0020] The embodiments of the present invention are applicable to the handover process of a UE from an EUTRAN to a UTRAN. The following method is used to enhance the network security in the embodiments of the present invention: an NAS downlink COUNT value used when key derivation is performed on a source MME during a first handover process of the UE is different from the NAS downlink COUNT value used when key derivation is performed on the MME during a second handover process of the UE, so that the keys generated during each handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN are different, and the keys of the UE used on the RNC and SGSN in the target network are thus different. Therefore, the situation in the prior art that once the key used on one RNC is obtained, the keys used on other RNCs can be derived accordingly is avoided, thereby enhancing the network security.

[0021] An embodiment of the present invention provides a key derivation method, where the method includes the following steps:

Step 10: An MME generates a random value.

Step 20: The MME uses the random value and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of a UE in a target UTRAN; or uses the random value, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.



[0022] For better understanding, the key derivation method, device, and system according to the embodiments of the present invention are described below through a specific network handover process.

Method Embodiment 1



[0023] A key derivation method is provided. An application scenario of this embodiment is a handover process of a UE from an EUTRAN to a UTRAN. A flow chart of the method according to this embodiment is shown in FIG. 2, which includes the flowing steps:

Step 101: A BS where a UE currently locates, namely a current BS, sends a Handover Required message to an MME associated with the current BS, namely a current MME.

Step 102: The current MME receives the Handover Required message, generates a random value, and uses the random value and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN.



[0024] It can be understood that the current MME may generate a random value at any time when receiving the Handover Required message. When generating the random value, the current MME may randomly generate the random value, that is, a fresh value of the MME through an internal random number generating module.

[0025] The specific description of a KDF is that KDF=Hash Function (HMAC)-SHA-256(Key, S), in which Key is an input function, and S=FC ∥ P0 ∥ L0 ∥ P1 ∥ L1 ∥ P2 ∥ L2 ∥ P3 ∥ L3 ∥... ∥ Pn ∥ Ln, where ∥ represents concatenation, FC is used to distinguish different KDFs, P is a code of the input parameter, and L is the length of the input parameter corresponding to P. When the KDF is employed to derive a key CK' ∥ IK', the CK' ∥ IK'=KDF(KASME, S), and S=FC ∥ P0 ∥ L0, where FC is specifically 0x16, P0 is an NAS downlink COUNT value, and L0 is the length of the NAS downlink COUNT value (such as 0x00 0x04).

[0026] When deriving the key in this embodiment, the current MME may use the fresh value of the MME and the root key as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN. In this case, the key CK' ∥ IK'=KDF(Kasme, S), where S=FC ∥ fresh value of MME ∥ length of fresh value of MME.

[0027] Step 103: The current MME sends a Relocation Request message to a target RNC through a target SGSN, in which the Relocation Request message includes the key of the UE in the target UTRAN calculated in step 102, a corresponding KSI, and information such as a security capability of the UTRAN of the UE or GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network (GERAN).

[0028] Step 104: The target RNC sends a Forward Relocation Response message to the MME through the target SGSN, in which the Forward Relocation Response message carries an algorithm identifier (ID) selected by the target RNC according to the security capability of the UE.

[0029] Step 105: The current MME sends the random value obtained in step 102 to the UE through a Handover Command message.

[0030] It can be understood that the MME may send the Handover Command message to the BS, in which the Handover Command message may include the generated random value, and further include information such as the algorithm ID and the current NAS downlink COUNT value; and the BS then sends information such as the random value, the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the algorithm ID included in the Handover Command message to the UE through an HO from EUTRAN command message.

[0031] Step 106: The UE receives the Handover Command message, derives the key according to the random value through the method in the above step 102, therefore achieving the synchronization of the key between the UE and the target network, and sends an HO Complete message to the target RNC to complete the network handover. It can be understood that the UE may calculate the specific CK' or IK' according to the algorithm ID.

[0032] It should be noted that in the first handover process of the UE to the UTRAN, the source MME may apply the key derivation method used in the network handover of this embodiment; and after the failure of the first handover of the UE, the MME may also apply the key derivation method of this embodiment to derive the key in the second handover of the UE.

[0033] In another specific embodiment, when performing the key derivation in step 102, the MME may use the random value, the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN. In this case, the key CK' ∥ IK'=KDF(Kasme, S), where S=FC ∥ P0 ∥ L0 ∥ fresh value of MME ∥ length of fresh value of MME. Then, in step 105, the MME sends the Handover Command message including the random value and the current NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE, and only four least significant bits of the current NAS downlink COUNT value may be included herein. Thereby, in step 106, the UE derives the key according to the random value and the current NAS downlink COUNT value by using the method in step 102.

[0034] In other specific embodiments, in the first handover of the UE, the source MME may save the key after deriving the key; and when the first handover of the UE succeeds, the saved key may be deleted. The source MME receives a Forward Relocation Complete message sent by the target SGSN after the UE sends the HO Complete message, which indicates that the first handover is successful. After receiving the Handover Required message, the MME determines whether the key of the UE in the target UTRAN is currently saved; if yes, the MME further determines whether the NAS downlink COUNT value corresponding to the currently saved key of the UE in the target UTRAN is consistent with the current NAS downlink COUNT value; and if consistent, the MME obtains a random value. Definitely, when the MME determines that the key of the UE in the target UTRAN is not currently saved, a random value is obtained by using the method of this embodiment, and then the derivation is performed; and if the above consistency determination result is inconsistent, the derivation is performed by using the current derivation method.

[0035] It can be understood that in the second handover of the UE after the first handover of the UE fails and before the MME receives the Handover Required message again, an NAS process may be performed, and the NAS downlink COUNT value changes, so that when the above determination result is inconsistent, the MME may use the current NAS downlink COUNT value to derive the key, and the key derived in this manner is different from the key derived in the first handover; if the determination result is positive, a random value is obtained.

[0036] In the embodiment of the present invention, the key derivation method used in the handover of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN is that: when receiving the Handover Required message, the MME generates a random value, and derives the key of the UE in the target UTRAN according to the KDF, the root key, and the random value. In this case, the key derived in the second handover process after the failure of the first handover of the UE is surely different from the key derived in the first handover process, therefore avoiding the situation in the prior art and enhancing the network security.

Method Embodiment 2



[0037] A network handover method is provided. An application scenario of this embodiment is that in the handover process of a UE from an EUTRAN to a UTRAN, after a first handover of the UE fails, the UE returns to an original EUTRAN and selects an SGSN for a second handover. A flow chart of the method according to this embodiment is shown in FIG. 3, which includes the following steps:
Step 201: The UE sends an RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message to a source BS, and performs an RRC connection reestablishment process.

[0038] It can be understood that after the first handover fails, the UE may return to a different cell under the source BS, or return to the same cell under the source BS, or return to a BS different from the source BS. In this embodiment, an example of the UE returning to the same cell under the source BS is used for illustration.

[0039] Step 202: After the RRC connection is reestablished, the source BS sends a Handover Required message to a source MME.

[0040] Step 203: The source MME receives the Handover Required message, and obtains a new NAS downlink COUNT value, in which the new NAS downlink COUNT value is different from a current NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0041] When obtaining the new NAS downlink COUNT value, the source MME may obtain the new NAS downlink COUNT value in following way: adding a certain value to the current NAS downlink COUNT value, such as adding 1; or
sending an NAS message, such as an NAS Security Mode Command (SMC) message, to the UE, so that the currently saved NAS downlink COUNT value is added by 1, and the NAS downlink COUNT value after the NAS message is sent is used as the new NAS downlink COUNT value. Step 204: The source MME derives the key of the UE in a target UTRAN according to a KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0042] The key derived by the source MME CK' ∥ IK'=KDF(Kasme, S), where S=FC ∥ new AS downlink COUNT value ∥ length of new AS downlink COUNT value.

[0043] Step 205: The source MME sends a Relocation Request message to a target RNC through the target SGSN, in which the Relocation Request message includes the key of the UE in the target UTRAN calculated in step 204.

[0044] Step 206: The target RNC sends a Forward Relocation Response message to the source MME through the target SGSN, in which the Forward Relocation Response message carries an algorithm ID selected by the target RNC according to a security capability of the UE.

[0045] Step 207: The source MME sends the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE through a Handover Command message, in which only four least significant bits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value may be sent to the UE.

[0046] It can be understood that the MME may send the Handover Command message to the BS, in which the Handover Command message may include the new NAS downlink COUNT value, and may also include information such as an algorithm ID; and the BS then sends the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE through an HO from EUTRAN command message.

[0047] Step 208: The UE receives the Handover Command message, derives the key according to the KDF, the root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value by using the method in the above step 204, therefore achieving the synchronization of the key between the UE and the target network, and sends an HO Complete message to the target RNC to complete the network handover.

[0048] In other specific embodiments, in the first handover process of the UE, the source MME may save the key after the key derivation, and when receiving a Forward Relocation Complete message sent by the target SGSN, the source MME may delete the saved key. Therefore, before performing step 203, the source MME determines whether the key of the UE in the target UTRAN is currently saved; if yes, further determines whether the NAS downlink COUNT value corresponding to the currently saved key of the UE in the target UTRAN is consistent with the current NAS downlink COUNT value; and if consistent, performs step 203 to obtain the new NAS downlink COUNT value. Definitely, when the source MME determines that the key of the UE in the target UTRAN is not currently saved, the MME may perform step 203 to obtain the new NAS downlink COUNT value; and if the above consistency determination result is inconsistent, the MME performs the derivation according to the current derivation method.

[0049] It can be understood that in the second handover of the UE after the first handover of the UE fails and before the source MME receives the Handover Required message again, an NAS process may be performed, and the NAS downlink COUNT value changes, so that when the above determination result is inconsistent, the source MME may use the current NAS downlink COUNT value to derive the key, and the key derived in this manner is different from the key derived in the first handover; if the determination result is positive, the key derivation is performed after the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained.

[0050] In an embodiment of the present invention, two state machines are set in the source MME, respectively for the key derivation incapable of using the saved NAS downlink COUNT value and the key derivation capable of using the saved NAS downlink COUNT value, and are respectively indicated by State 0 and State 1. When the source MME receives the Handover Required message, State 0 is set; and when the MME goes through a certain internal process and satisfies a preset condition, State 1 is set, that is, the key derivation can be performed, in which the preset condition includes: the MME receives a Forward Relocation Complete message, the current NAS downlink COUNT value is added by a certain value, and the MME delivers an NAS message. For example, after the MME receives the Handover Required message and delivers the NAS message, the key derivation can be performed.

[0051] In the embodiment of the present invention, in the handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN, after the first handover fails, the key derivation method in the second network handover is that, after receiving the Handover Required message, the source MME obtains the new NAS downlink COUNT value different from the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and derives the key of the UE in the target UTRAN according to the KDF, the root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value. In this manner, the key derived in the second handover process is surely different from the key derived in the first handover process, therefore avoiding the situation in the prior art and enhancing the network security.

Method Embodiment 3



[0052] A key derivation method is provided. An application scenario of this embodiment is that in the handover process of a UE from an EUTRAN to a UTRAN, after a first handover of the UE fails, the UE returns to the original EUTRAN and selects an SGSN for a second handover. A flow chart of the method is shown in FIG. 4, which includes the following steps:
Step 301: The UE sends an RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message to a BS where the UE currently locates, namely a current BS, to perform an RRC connection reestablishment process.

[0053] It can be understood that after the first handover fails, the UE may return to a different cell under a source BS, or return to the same cell under the source BS, or return to a BS different from the source BS.

[0054] Step 302: After the RRC connection is reestablished, the current BS sends an RRC Connection Reestablishment Complete message to an MME associated with the current BS, namely a current MME.

[0055] It can be understood that the RRC Connection Reestablishment Complete message may be an HO Notify message, or may be a Path Switch message. Specifically, if the UE returns to the different cell under the source BS, the current BS, namely the source BS, may send the HO Notify message to the current MME to indicate that the connection reestablishment is completed; if the UE returns to the BS different from the source BS, the current BS may send the Path Switch message to the current MME.

[0056] Step 303: The current MME receives the RRC Connection Reestablishment Complete message sent by the current BS, and obtains a new NAS downlink COUNT value, in which the new NAS downlink COUNT value is different from a current NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0057] The obtaining method is the same as that described in step 203 of Method Embodiment 2, and the details are not described herein again.

[0058] Step 304: The current BS determines to perform the second handover and sends a Handover Required message to the current MME.

[0059] Step 305: After receiving the Handover Required message, the current MME derives the key of the UE in the target UTRAN according to a KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value obtained in step 303, and sends the derived key to a target RNC.

[0060] After the key is sent to the target RNC, the network handover method is the same as the method of Method Embodiment 2 after step 205, and the details are not described herein again. In addition, step 303 and step 304 in this embodiment may be performed at the same time, but preferably performed in sequence, and therefore, the network handover process may not be affected, which saves the network handover time.

[0061] The key derivation method in the embodiment of the present invention is that, during the handover of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN, after the first handover fails and before the second handover of the UE, the MME obtains the new NAS downlink COUNT value different from the current NAS downlink COUNT value, so that after the MME receives the Handover Required message, the derived and calculated key of the UE in the target UTRAN is surely different from the key derived in the first handover process, therefore avoiding the situation in the prior art and enhancing the network security.

[0062] In addition, because the obtaining of the new NAS downlink COUNT value is performed before the second handover, the network handover may not be affected, and compared with Method Embodiment 1, the network handover time is reduced.

Method Embodiment 4



[0063] A key derivation method is provided. An application scenario of this embodiment is that in the handover process of a UE from an EUTRAN to a UTRAN, after a first handover of the UE fails, the UE returns to the original EUTRAN for a second handover. A flow chart of the method is shown in FIG. 5, which includes the following steps:

Step 401: The UE sends an RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message to a BS where the UE currently locates, namely a current BS, in which the RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message may include a 2-bit spare to carry a fresh value of the UE, namely a random value.

Step 402: After receiving the RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message, the current BS determines to perform the second handover of the UE, and sends, through a Handover Required message, the fresh value of the UE to the MME associated with the current BS, namely the current MME, to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.

Step 403: After receiving the Handover Required message, the current MME uses the fresh value of the UE included in the Handover Required message and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.



[0064] When deriving the key, the current MME may use the fresh value of the UE and the root key as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN; and in this case, the key CK' ∥ IK'=KDF(Kasme, S), where S=FC ∥ fresh value of UE ∥ length of fresh value of UE. Step 404: The current MME sends a Relocation Request message to a target RNC through a target SGSN, in which the Relocation Request message includes the key of the UE in the target UTRAN calculated in step 403.

[0065] Step 405: The target RNC sends a Forward Relocation Response message to the current MME through the target SGSN, in which the Forward Relocation Response message carries an algorithm ID selected by the target RNC according to a security capability of the UE.

[0066] Step 406: The current MME sends a Handover Command message to the BS, in which the Handover Command message may include the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and may further include information such as an algorithm ID; and then the BS sends the Handover Command message to the UE, in which the Handover Command message may include the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0067] Step 407: The UE receives the Handover Command message, and derives the key according to the fresh value of the UE through the method in the above step 403, therefore achieving the synchronization of the key between the UE and the target network.

[0068] In another specific embodiment, in step 403, the MME may use the fresh value of the UE, the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN. In this case, the key CK' ∥ IK'=KDF(Kasme, S), where S=FC ∥ P0 ∥ L0 ∥ fresh value of UE ∥ length of fresh value of UE, so that the Handover Command message sent to the UE in step 406 must include the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and may include the four least significant bits; and in step 407, the UE may derive the key according to the fresh value of the UE and the current NAS downlink COUNT value by using the method in step 403.

[0069] It can be understood that the subsequent process is similar to the prior art, and the details are not described herein again.

[0070] In other specific embodiments, in the first handover process of the UE, the source MME may save the key after the key derivation, and when receiving a Forward Relocation Complete message sent by the target SGSN, the source MME may delete the saved key. Therefore, after receiving the Handover Required message, the current MME determines whether the key of the UE in the target UTRAN is currently saved; if yes, further determines whether the NAS downlink COUNT value corresponding to the currently saved key of the UE in the target UTRAN is consistent with the current NAS downlink COUNT value; and if consistent, the key derivation is performed according to the method of this embodiment. Definitely, when the MME determines that the key of the UE in the target UTRAN is not currently saved, the derivation is performed according to the method of this embodiment; and if the above consistency determination result is inconsistent, the derivation is performed according to the derivation method in the prior art.

[0071] It can be understood that in the second handover of the UE after the first handover of the UE fails, before the MME receives the Handover Required message again, an NAS process may be performed, and the NAS downlink COUNT value changes, so that when the above determination result is inconsistent, the MME may use the current NAS downlink COUNT value to derive the key, and the key derived in this manner is different from the key derived in the first handover; if the determination result is positive, the key derivation is performed according to the method of this embodiment.

[0072] The key derivation method in the embodiment of the present invention is that, in the handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN, when the UE performs the second handover after the first handover fails, the UE calculates a fresh value, and sends the fresh value to the current MME through the current BS; after receiving the Handover Required message, the current MME derives the key of the UE in the target UTRAN according to the fresh value of the UE, the KDF, the root key, and the current NAS downlink COUNT value included in the Handover Required message. In this manner, the key derived in the second handover process is different from the key derived in the first handover process, therefore avoiding the situation in the prior art and enhancing the network security.

Method Embodiment 5



[0073] A key derivation method is provided. An application scenario of this embodiment is that in the handover process of a UE from an EUTRAN to a UTRAN, a BS in the original EUTRAN of the UE, namely a source BS, initiates a network handover. A flow chart of the method is shown in FIG. 6, which includes the following steps.

[0074] Step 501: The source BS sends a Handover Required message to a source MME.

[0075] Step 502: The source MME derives CK' ∥ IK' according to a KDF, a root key Kasme, and an NAS downlink COUNT value in a current security context.

[0076] Step 503: The source MME sends a Relocation Request message to a target RNC through a target SGSN, in which the Relocation Request message includes CK'IIIK', KSI, and information such as a security capability of the UTRAN/GERAN of the UE.

[0077] Step 504: The target RNC sends a Forward Relocation Response message to the source MME through the target SGSN, in which the Forward Relocation Response message carries an algorithm ID of the security capability of the UE.

[0078] Step 505: The source MME completes a handover preparation process, and sends a Handover Command message to the UE through the source BS, in which the Handover Command message carries the current NAS downlink COUNT value and the algorithm ID of the security capability. Step 506: The source MME changes the current NAS downlink COUNT value, for example, adding a certain value to the current NAS downlink COUNT value, such as adding 1, and saves the changed NAS downlink COUNT value; the changed NAS downlink COUNT value is used to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.

[0079] Step 507: After receiving the Handover Command message, the UE derives and calculates the key CK'∥IK' according to the KDF and the NAS downlink COUNT value that is included in the Handover Command message, so that the key of the UE and the target network is synchronized, and an HO Complete message is sent to the target RNC.

[0080] It can be understood that in the first handover process in this embodiment, after the source MME sends the Handover Command message, the NAS downlink COUNT value is changed, so that after the first handover of the UE fails, the NAS downlink COUNT value saved in step 506 and used by the MME for the key derivation in the second handover is surely different from the NAS downlink COUNT value used in the first handover, and therefore the keys derived and calculated in the two handovers are different, which achieves the purpose of enhancing the network security.

Device Embodiment 1



[0081] An MME is provided. A schematic structural diagram of the MME is shown in FIG. 7, which includes a generating unit 10, a deriving unit 11, and a sending unit 12.

[0082] The generating unit 10 is configured to generate a random value.

[0083] The deriving unit 11 is configured to use a root key and the random value that is generated by the generating unit 10 as input parameters of a KDF to derive a key of a UE in a target UTRAN.

[0084] The sending unit 12 is configured to send the random value generated by the generating unit 10 to the UE, so that the UE derives the key in the target UTRAN according to the random value.

[0085] The deriving unit 11 is further configured to use a current NAS downlink COUNT value, the root key, and the random value generated by the generating unit 10 as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN; and the sending unit 12 is configured to send the current NAS downlink COUNT value and the random value generated by the generating unit 10 to the UE, so that the UE derives the key in the target UTRAN according to the random value and the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0086] In this embodiment, the generating unit 10 of the MME generates a random value, and the deriving unit 11 derives the key according to the random value, so that in the handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN, after the first handover fails, the key derived by the MME in the second handover process is surely different from the key derived in the first handover process, therefore avoiding the situation in the prior art and enhancing the network security.

Device Embodiment 2



[0087] A UE is provided. A schematic structural diagram of the UE is shown in FIG. 8, which includes a message receiving unit 20 and a key deriving unit 21.

[0088] The message receiving unit 20 is configured to receive a Handover Command message.

[0089] The key deriving unit 21 is configured to use a random value and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive the key of the UE in a target UTRAN if the Handover Command message received by the message receiving unit 20 includes the random value; and configured to use the random value, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN if the Handover Command message received by the message receiving unit 20 includes the random value and the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

Device Embodiment 3



[0090] An MME is provided. A schematic structural diagram of the MME is shown in FIG. 9, which includes a count value obtaining unit 31, a second deriving unit 32, and a handover sending unit 33. The count value obtaining unit 31 is configured to obtain a new NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0091] When the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained, an NAS message may be sent to a UE, such as an NAS SMC message, so that the currently saved NAS downlink COUNT value may be added by 1, and the NAS downlink COUNT value after the NAS message is sent may be used as the new NAS downlink COUNT value. A certain value, such as 1, may be added to the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0092] The second deriving unit 32 is configured to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN according to a KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value that is obtained by the count value obtaining unit 31.

[0093] The handover sending unit 33 is configured to send the new NAS downlink COUNT value obtained by the count value obtaining unit 31 to the UE through a BS where the UE currently locates, so that the UE derives the key in the target UTRAN.

[0094] It can be understood that in other specific embodiments, the MME may further include: a determination unit 34, configured to determine whether the key of the UE in the target UTRAN is currently saved; and if yes, further determine whether the NAS downlink COUNT value corresponding to the currently saved key of the UE in the target UTRAN is consistent with the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0095] When the determination result of the determination unit 34 is that the NAS downlink COUNT value corresponding to the currently saved key of the UE in the target UTRAN is consistent with the current NAS downlink COUNT value, the count value obtaining unit 31 obtains the new NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0096] The count value obtaining unit 31 in the MME according to the embodiment of the present invention obtains the new NAS downlink COUNT value different from the current NAS downlink COUNT value; and finally the second deriving unit 32 derives the key of the UE in the target UTRAN according to the KDF, the root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value, and the handover sending unit 33 sends the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE. In this manner, in the handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN, after the first handover fails, the key derived by the MME in the second handover process is surely different from the key derived in the first handover process, therefore avoiding the situation in the prior art and enhancing the network security.

[0097] In addition, it can be understood that after the first handover of the UE fails, during the second handover of the UE, before the MME receives the Handover Required message again, an NAS process may be performed, and the NAS downlink COUNT value therefore changes. The MME further includes the determination unit 34 for consistency determination. If the consistency determination result is inconsistent, the current NAS downlink COUNT value may be used to derive the key; if the consistency determination result is positive, the key is derived after the count value obtaining unit 31 obtains the new NAS downlink COUNT value. Therefore, the obtaining of the new NAS downlink COUNT value is reduced when the consistency determination result is inconsistent, thereby saving the load of the MME.

Device Embodiment 4



[0098] A UE is provided. A schematic structural diagram of the UE is shown in FIG. 10, which includes a second message receiving unit 40 and a second key deriving unit 41.

[0099] The second message receiving unit 40 is configured to receive a Handover Command message, in which the Handover Command message includes a new NAS downlink COUNT value.

[0100] The second key deriving unit 41 is configured to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN according to a KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value in the Handover Command message received by the second message receiving unit 40.

Device Embodiment 5



[0101] An MME is provided. A schematic structural diagram of the MME is shown in FIG. 11, which includes a handover receiving unit 50 and a third deriving unit 51.

[0102] The handover receiving unit 50 is configured to receive a Handover Required message, in which the Handover Required message includes a fresh value of a UE.

[0103] The third deriving unit 51 is configured to use a root key and the fresh value of the UE in the Handover Required message received by the handover receiving unit 50 as input parameters of a KDF to derive the key of the UE in a target UTRAN, or use a current NAS downlink COUNT value, the root key, and the fresh value of the UE in the Handover Required message received by the handover receiving unit 50 as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.

[0104] In this embodiment, after the handover receiving unit 50 of the MME receives the Handover Required message, the third deriving unit 51 derives the key according to the fresh value of the UE included in the Handover Required message, so that in the handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN, after the first handover fails, the key derived by the MME in the second handover process is surely different from the key derived in the first handover process, therefore avoiding the situation in the prior art and enhancing the network security.

Device Embodiment 6



[0105] A BS is provided. A schematic structural diagram of the BS is shown in FIG. 12, which includes a reestablishment receiving unit 60 and a sending and deriving unit 61.

[0106] The reestablishment receiving unit 60 is configured to receive an RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message, in which the RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message includes a fresh value of a UE.

[0107] The sending and deriving unit 61 is configured to send the fresh value of the UE included in the RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message received by the reestablishment receiving unit 60 to an MME through a Handover Required message when a second handover of the UE is determined, so as to facilitate the MME to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN.

Device Embodiment 7



[0108] A UE is provided. A schematic structural diagram of the UE is shown in FIG. 13, which includes a reestablishment sending unit 71 and a third key deriving unit 72.

[0109] The reestablishment sending unit 71 is configured to send an RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message, in which RRC Connection Reestablishment Request message includes a fresh value of a UE.

[0110] The third key deriving unit 72 is configured to use the fresh value of the UE and a root key as input parameters of a KDF to derive the key of the UE in a target UTRAN when receiving a Handover Command message, and to use the fresh value of the UE, a current NAS downlink COUNT value, and the root key as the input parameters of the KDF to derive the key of the UE in the target UTRAN if the Handover Command message includes the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

Device Embodiment 8



[0111] An MME is provided. A schematic structural diagram of the MME is shown in FIG. 14, which includes a message receiving unit 81 and a count value changing unit 81.

[0112] The message receiving unit 81 is configured to receive a Forward Relocation Response message sent by a target SGSN.

[0113] The count value changing unit 82 is configured to change a current NAS downlink COUNT value and save the changed NAS downlink COUNT value after sending a Handover Command message to a UE, in which the changed NAS downlink COUNT value is used to derive a key of the UE in a target UTRAN.

[0114] It can be understood that: After the message receiving unit 81 in the MME receives the Forward Relocation Response message sent by the SGSN in the target network, which indicates that the target network has performed relocation for the UE, the handover can be performed. In this case, after the count value changing unit 82 sends the Handover Command message, the current NAS downlink COUNT value is changed.

[0115] Therefore, after the first handover of the UE fails, during a second handover, the MME uses the NAS downlink COUNT value saved in the MME for deriving the key, which guarantees that the NAS downlink COUNT value is different from the NAS downlink COUNT value used in the first handover, so that the keys derived and calculated in the two handovers are different. Therefore, the purpose of enhancing the network security is achieved.

System Embodiment



[0116] A communication system is provided, which includes an MME. The MME is similar to any one of the MMEs in Device Embodiments 1, 3, 5 and 8, and the key derivation method according to the above embodiments may be performed.

[0117] It can be understood that the communication system further includes other devices such as a UE and a BS, and the network security can be enhanced through the communication between the UE and the BS.

[0118] The key derivation method, device, and system according to the embodiments of the present invention are applicable to the handover process of the UE from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN. From the failure of the first handover to the second handover, it is guaranteed that the key derived on the source MME in the first handover process of the UE is different from the key derived on the MME in the second handover process of the UE by changing the input parameters used in the key derivation by the MME, such as generating the random value, changing the current NAS downlink COUNT value, and obtaining the fresh value of the UE, so as to prevent the situation in the prior art that once the key used on one RNC is obtained, the keys on other RNCs can be derived accordingly, thereby enhancing the network security.

[0119] Persons skilled in the art should understand that all or a part of the steps of the method according to the embodiments of the present invention may be implemented by a program instructing relevant hardware. The program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium, such as a Read Only Memory (ROM), a Random Access Memory (RAM), a magnetic disk, or an optical disk.

[0120] Further embodiments of the present invention are provided in the following. It should be noted that the numbering used in the following section does not necessarily need to comply with the numbering used in the previous sections.

Embodiment 1. A key derivation method, comprising:

obtaining, by a Mobility Management Entity (MME), a new Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value, wherein the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained by adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value;

deriving, by the MME, a key of a User Equipment (UE) in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value; and

sending the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.

Embodiment 2. The method according to embodiment 1, wherein the sending the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE comprises:
sending lower four digits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.

Embodiment 3. A key derivation method, comprising:

receiving, by a User Equipment (UE), a Handover Command message sent by a Mobility Management Entity (MME), wherein the Handover Command message comprises a new Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained through adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value by the MME; and

deriving a key of the UE in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value.

Embodiment 4. The method according to embodiment 3, wherein the receiving the new NAS downlink COUNT value comprises:
receiving lower four digits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value from the MME.

Embodiment 5. A Mobility Management Entity (MME), comprising:

a count value obtaining unit, configured to obtain a new Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value, wherein the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained by adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value;

a second deriving unit, configured to derive a key of a User Equipment (UE) in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value that is obtained by the count value obtaining unit; and

a handover sending unit, configured to send the new NAS downlink COUNT value obtained by the count value obtaining unit to the UE.

Embodiment 6. The MME according to embodiment 5, the handover sending unit, configured to send lower four digits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.

Embodiment 7. A User Equipment (UE), comprising:

a second message receiving unit, configured to receive a Handover Command message sent by a Mobility Management Entity (MME), wherein the Handover Command message comprises a new Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained through adding a certain value to the current NAS downlink COUNT value by the MME; and

a second key deriving unit, configured to derive a key of the UE in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value in the Handover Command message received by the second message receiving unit.

Embodiment 8. The UE according to embodiment 7, wherein the second message receiving unit, configured to receive lower four digits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value.

Embodiment 9. A key derivation method, comprising:

receiving (501), by a Mobility Management Entity (MME), a Handover Required message from a BS;

deriving (502), by the MME, a key of a User Equipment (UE) in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and a current Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value;

sending (505), by the MME, the current NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE;

adding (506), by the MME, a certain value to the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

Embodiment 10. The method according to embodiment 9, wherein the deriving (502), by the MME, a key of a User Equipment (UE) in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and a current Non-Access Stratum NAS downlink COUNT value comprises:
deriving (502), by the MME, the key of the UE in the UTRAN according to the KDF, the root key, and the current NAS downlink COUNT value in a current security context.

Embodiment 11. The method according to embodiment 9 or embodiment 10, wherein the certain value is 1.

Embodiment 12. The method according to embodiment 9, wherein the sending, by the MME, the current NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE comprises:
sending, by the MME, a Handover Command message carrying the current NAS downlink COUNT value to UE.

Embodiment 13. The method according to embodiment 9, wherein the sending, by the MME, the current NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE comprises:
sending, by the MME, four least significant bits of the current NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.

Embodiment 14. A key derivation method, comprising:

receiving (507), by a User Equipment (UE), a current Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value from a Mobility Management Entity (MME) in a first handover process; and

deriving (507), by the UE, a key of the UE in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and a current NAS downlink COUNT value in the first handover process;

receiving, by the UE, a certain value adding to the current NAS downlink COUNT value in a second handover process.

Embodiment 15. The method according to embodiment 14, the certain value is 1.

Embodiment 16. The method according to embodiment 14, wherein the receiving, by the UE, a current Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value comprises: receiving, by the UE, a Handover Command message sent by the MME, wherein the Handover Command message comprises the current Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value.

Embodiment 17. A Mobility Management Entity (MME), comprising:

a handover receiving unit, configured to receive a Handover Required message from a BS;

a second deriving unit (32), configured to derive a key of a User Equipment (UE) in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and a current NAS downlink COUNT value;

a handover sending unit (33), configured to send the current NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE; and

a count value obtaining unit (31), configured to add a certain value to the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

Embodiment 18. The MME according to embodiment 17, wherein the certain value is 1. Embodiment 19. The MME according to embodiment 17, wherein the handover sending unit (33), configured to send a Handover Command message carrying the current NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE

Embodiment 20. A User Equipment (UE), comprising:

a second message receiving unit (40), configured to receive a current Non-Access Stratum (NAS) downlink COUNT value from a Mobility Management Entity (MME) in a first handover process; and

a second key deriving unit (41), configured to derive a key of the UE in a target Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) according to a Key Derivation Function (KDF), a root key, and the current NAS downlink COUNT value in the Handover Command message received by the second message receiving unit in the first handover process;

the second message receiving unit (40), configured to receive a certain value adding to the current NAS downlink COUNT value in a second handover process.

Embodiment 21. The UE according to embodiment 20, wherein the certain value is 1.

Embodiment 22. A key derivation method, comprising: in a first handover of a User Equipment, UE, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN,
receiving (501), by a Mobility Management Entity, MME, a Handover Required message from a source base station, BS;
deriving (502), by the MME, a key CK' || IK' in the UTRAN, according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key Kasme, a current Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value in a current security context, and CK' is a ciphering key and IK' is an integrity key;
sending (505), by the MME, the current NAS downlink COUNT value by a Handover Command message to the source BS; and
adding (506), by the MME, a certain value to the current NAS downlink COUNT value to obtain a changed NAS downlink COUNT value, wherein the certain value is 1;
wherein the changed NAS downlink COUNT value is for use for a key derivation in a second handover of the UE.

Embodiment 23. A Mobility Management Entity, MME, comprising: in a first handover of a User Equipment, UE, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN,
means for receiving a Handover Required message from a source base station, BS;
means for deriving a key CK' || IK' in the UTRAN according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key Kasme, a current Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value in a current security context, and CK' is a ciphering key and IK' is an integrity key;
means for sending the current NAS downlink COUNT value by a Handover Command message to the source BS; and
means for adding a certain value to the current NAS downlink COUNT value to obtain a changed NAS downlink COUNT value, wherein the certain value is 1;
wherein the changed NAS downlink COUNT value is for use for a key derivation in a second handover of the UE.

Embodiment 24. A communication system, comprising: a Mobility Management Entity, MME, and a source base station, BS, wherein
in a first handover of a User Equipment, UE, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN,
the MME is configured to:

receive a Handover Required message from the source base station, BS;

derive a key CK' || IK' in the UTRAN, according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key Kasme, a current Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value in a current security context, and CK' is a ciphering key and IK' is an integrity key;

send the current NAS downlink COUNT value by a Handover Command message to the source BS; and

add a certain value to the current NAS downlink COUNT value to obtain a changed NAS downlink COUNT value, wherein the certain value is 1;

wherein the changed NAS downlink COUNT value is for use for a key derivation in a second handover of the UE;

the source BS is configured to:

send the Handover Required message to the MME;

receive the Handover Command message from the MME, wherein the Handover Command message carries the current NAS downlink COUNT value.

Embodiment 25. A computer program product, comprising computer program code, which instructions for relevant hardware to perform the method according to embodiment 22.



[0121] The key derivation method, device, and system are described in detail above. The principle and implementation of the present invention are described herein through specific examples. The description about the embodiments of the present invention is merely provided for ease of understanding of the method and core ideas of the present invention. Persons skilled in the art can make variations and modifications to the present invention in terms of the specific implementations and application scopes according to the ideas of the present invention. Therefore, the specification shall not be construed as a limit to the present invention.


Claims

1. A key derivation method, after a first handover of a User Equipment, UE, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN, in a second handover from the EUTRAN to a UTRAN,
obtaining (203, 303), by a Mobility Management Entity, MME, a new Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value by adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value;
deriving (204, 305), by the MME, a key of a User Equipment, UE, in the target UTRAN according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value; and
sending (207), by the MME, the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.
 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the sending the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE comprises:
sending four least significant bits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.
 
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein before obtaining (203, 303), by the MME, the new NAS downlink COUNT value, the method further comprises:
receiving (202), by the MME, a Handover Required message from a source base station, BS.
 
4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein after obtaining (203, 303), by the MME, the new NAS downlink COUNT value, and before deriving, by the MME, the key, the method further comprises:
receiving (304), by the MME, a Handover Required message from a source base station, BS.
 
5. A key derivation method, comprising: after a first handover of a User Equipment, UE, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN, in a second handover from the EUTRAN to a UTRAN,
receiving (207), by a User Equipment, UE, a Handover Command message sent by a Mobility Management Entity, MME, wherein the Handover Command message comprises a new Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained by adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value by the MME; and
deriving (208) a key of the UE in the target UTRAN according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value.
 
6. The method according to claim 5, wherein the receiving the new NAS downlink COUNT value comprises:
receiving four least significant bits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value from the MME.
 
7. A key derivation apparatus, after a first handover of a User Equipment, UE, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN, in a second handover from the EUTRAN to a UTRAN,
means for obtaining a new Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value by adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value;
means for deriving a key of a User Equipment, UE, in the target UTRAN according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value; and
means for sending the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.
 
8. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein
the new NAS downlink COUNT value is sent to the UE by sending four least significant bits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.
 
9. The apparatus according to claim 7 or 8, the apparatus further comprising:
means for receiving a Handover Required message from a source base station, BS, before obtaining the new NAS downlink COUNT value.
 
10. The apparatus according to claim 7 or 8, further comprising:
means for receiving a Handover Required message from a source base station, BS after obtaining the new NAS downlink COUNT value, and before deriving the key.
 
11. A key derivation apparatus, comprising: after a first handover, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN, in a second handover from the EUTRAN to a UTRAN,
means for receiving a Handover Command message sent by a Mobility Management Entity, MME, wherein the Handover Command message comprises a new Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained by adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value by the MME; and
means for deriving a key of the UE in the target UTRAN according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value.
 
12. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the receiving the new NAS downlink COUNT value comprises:
the new NAS downlink COUNT value is sent to the UE by sending four least significant bits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.
 
13. A computer program product, comprising computer program code, which instructions for relevant hardware to perform:

after a first handover of a User Equipment, UE, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN, in a second handover from the EUTRAN to a UTRAN,

obtaining a new Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value by adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value;

means for deriving a key of a User Equipment, UE, in the target UTRAN according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value; and

means for sending the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.


 
14. The computer program product according to claim 13, wherein
the new NAS downlink COUNT value is sent to the UE by sending four least significant bits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.
 
15. The computer program product according to claim 13 or 14, further comprising computer program code, which instructions for relevant hardware to perform:
receive a Handover Required message from a source base station, BS, before obtaining the new NAS downlink COUNT value.
 
16. The computer program product according to claim 13 or 14, further comprising computer program code, which instructions for relevant hardware to perform:
receive a Handover Required message from a source base station, BS after obtaining the new NAS downlink COUNT value, and before deriving the key.
 
17. A computer program product, comprising computer program code, which instructions for relevant hardware to perform:

after a first handover, from Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, EUTRAN, to a UTRAN, in a second handover from the EUTRAN to a UTRAN,

receiving a Handover Command message sent by a Mobility Management Entity, MME, wherein the Handover Command message comprises a new Non-Access Stratum, NAS, downlink COUNT value, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value is obtained by adding a certain value to a current NAS downlink COUNT value by the MME; and

deriving a key of the UE in the target UTRAN according to a Key Derivation Function, KDF, a root key, and the new NAS downlink COUNT value.


 
18. The computer program product according to claim 17, wherein the receiving the new NAS downlink COUNT value comprises:
the new NAS downlink COUNT value is sent to the UE by sending four least significant bits of the new NAS downlink COUNT value to the UE.
 




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