(19)
(11)EP 3 663 127 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 20154141.4

(22)Date of filing:  26.07.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60N 2/64(2006.01)
A47C 7/18(2006.01)
C09K 21/14(2006.01)
A47C 31/00(2006.01)
B60N 2/70(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.07.2017 CN 201720939006 U
31.05.2018 CN 201810551224

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
18185705.3 / 3437924

(71)Applicant: Wonderland Switzerland AG
6312 Steinhausen (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • KOU, Yong Chao
    Dongguan, Guangdong 523648 (CN)
  • YAN, Feng Xiang
    Dongguan, Guangdong 523648 (CN)
  • LIU, Jian Hui
    Dongguan, Guangdong 523648 (CN)

(74)Representative: Kretschmann, Dennis 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 28.01.2020 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)FIREPROOF BUFFERING STRUCTURE, SUPPORTING CUSHION APPARATUS AND SAFETY SEAT THEREWITH


(57) The present application discloses a fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) which includes a buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401) and a fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402) attached thereto. A combustion rate of the fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402) is lower than that of the buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401). In contrast to conventional buffering structures, the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) adopts the combined buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401) and fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402). The buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401) has good impact absorbing capacity for providing a soft and comfortable seating environment and buffering and protection effects during a crash accident, and the fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402) can reduce the combustion rate of the integral structure when catching fire. Therefore, the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) achieves the purposes of safety and comfort. The present application further discloses a supporting cushion apparatus (1) which includes a covering member (11) and the aforementioned fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) accommodated therein. The present application further discloses a safety seat (8, 3) which includes the aforementioned fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) and the supporting cushion apparatus (1).




Description

Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to a fireproof buffering structure, a supporting cushion apparatus and a safety seat therewith according to the pre-characterizing clauses of claims 1, 19, 24 and 28.

Background of the Invention



[0002] A child car safety seat provides a seating space with a suitable size for a child in a car ride, and buffering structures are disposed on surrounding walls of the child car safety seat which are in contact with the child to serve as a buffer during a crash so that possibility of injury to the child might be reduced. The buffering structure can be fixed to a main body of the safety seat and covered under a seat cloth, or the buffering structure can be disposed on the seat cloth. For example, a supporting cushion or a headrest is often mounted to the upper backrest portion of an infant basket safety seat for supporting and protecting an infant's head, and the buffering structure can be disposed inside the supporting cushion for improving safety.

[0003] Conventional buffering structures are foams made of expanded polypropylene (EPP), expanded polystyrene (EPS) or expandable polyethylene (EPE) and in a shape of a plate or a block. The foams have good impact absorbing capacity for effective buffering. However, the foams are also flammable and have a higher combustion rate upon ignition, which is unsafe for application. Alternatively, the foams in the safety seat can be replaced by a flame-retardant material, but the hardness of the flame-retardant material reduces the impact absorbing capacity and comfort of the safety seat.

[0004] Therefore, it is necessary to develop a buffering structure that combines buffering capacity and flame-retardant effect so as to improve safety and comfort of the safety seat.

Summary of the Invention



[0005] This in mind, the present invention aims at providing a buffering structure which combines buffering capacity and flame-retardant effect, a supporting cushion apparatus having the buffering structure, and a safety seat having the buffering structure or the supporting cushion apparatus.

[0006] This is achieved by a fireproof buffering structure, a supporting cushion apparatus and a safety seat therewith according to claims 1, 19, 24 and 28. The dependent claims pertain to corresponding further developments and improvements.

[0007] As will be seen more clearly from the detailed description following below, the claimed buffering structure includes a buffering plate and a fireproof plate attached to the buffering plate. A combustion rate of the fireproof plate is lower than a combustion rate of the buffering plate.

[0008] Preferably, the buffering plate is a foam plate.

[0009] Specifically, a density of the foam plate is substantially between 75 kg/m3 and 98 kg/m3.

[0010] Preferably, the fireproof plate is made of at least one of polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), expanded polystyrene (EPS), expanded polypropylene (EPP), expanded polystyrene (EPO), fireproof foam, ethylene-vinylacetate copolymer (EVA), and botanical cotton.

[0011] Specifically, the botanical cotton is corn cotton.

[0012] Preferably, a thickness of the fireproof buffering structure is substantially smaller than 13mm.

[0013] Specifically, the thickness of the fireproof buffering structure is substantially equal to 12mm.

[0014] Preferably, the fireproof buffering structure comprises a plurality of fireproof plates. At least part of the plurality of fireproof plates are made of different materials.

[0015] Preferably, a shape of the fireproof plate corresponds to a shape of the buffering plate, and the fireproof plate is attached to a front surface of the buffering plate.

[0016] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure comprises two buffering plates respectively attached to a front surface of the fireproof plate and a rear surface of the fireproof plate.

[0017] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure further comprises a first auxiliary fireproof plate attached to a surface of the two buffering plates away from the fireproof plate.

[0018] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure further comprises a second auxiliary fireproof plate. The first auxiliary fireproof plate and the second auxiliary fireproof plate are respectively attached to two surfaces of the two buffering plates away from the fireproof plate.

[0019] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure further comprises a first auxiliary fireproof plate. The fireproof plate and the first auxiliary fireproof plate are respectively attached to a front surface of the buffering plate and a rear surface of the buffering plate.

[0020] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure comprises three buffering plates. A surface of the fireproof plate and a surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate are respectively attached to a front surface and a rear surface of one of the three buffering plates, and the other two of the three buffering plates are respectively attached to an another surface of the fireproof plate and an another surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate.

[0021] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure further comprises a first auxiliary fireproof plate. A surface of the fireproof plate is attached to the buffering plate, and the first auxiliary fireproof plate is attached to an another surface of the fireproof plate.

[0022] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure comprises two buffering plates. the fireproof plate is attached to one of the two buffering plates. A surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate being attached to the fireproof plate, and the other one of the two buffering plates is attached to an another surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate.

[0023] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure further comprises a second auxiliary fireproof plate. The first auxiliary fireproof plate and the fireproof plate are attached between opposite surfaces of the two buffering plates facing towards each other, and the second auxiliary fireproof plate is attached to an another surface of the two buffering plates other than the opposite surfaces of the two buffering plates.

[0024] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure comprises two buffering plates and further comprises a first auxiliary fireproof plate and a second auxiliary fireproof plate. A surface of the fireproof plate is attached to one of the two buffering plates. A surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate is attached to an another surface of the fireproof plate. A surface of the second auxiliary fireproof plate being attached to an another surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate, and the other one of the two buffering plates is attached to an another surface of the second auxiliary fireproof plate.

[0025] Specifically, a combustion rate of the first auxiliary fireproof plate is lower than the combustion rate of the buffering plates.

[0026] Specifically, combustion rates of the first auxiliary fireproof plate and the second auxiliary fireproof plate are lower than the combustion rate of the buffering plates.

[0027] As will be seen more clearly from the detailed description following below, the claimed supporting cushion apparatus includes a covering member and the abovementioned fireproof buffering structure accommodated inside the covering member.

[0028] Preferably, the covering member comprises a head supporting portion and two flanking portions connected with two sides of the head supporting portion, and the fireproof buffering structure is accommodated in at least one of the head supporting portion and the two flanking portions.

[0029] Specifically, a covering pocket is disposed on at least one of the head supporting portion and the two flanking portions, and the fireproof buffering structure is accommodated in the covering pocket.

[0030] Specifically, a soft filler is disposed on a surface of the fireproof buffering structure accommodated in at least one of the covering pocket and the head supporting portion and the two flanking portions.

[0031] Specifically, a side compartment is disposed outside the covering pocket in at least one of the head supporting portion and the two flanking portions, and the soft filler fills the side compartment.

[0032] As will be seen more clearly from the detailed description following below, the claimed safety seat includes a main body and the abovementioned fireproof buffering structure disposed on the main body.

[0033] Preferably, the fireproof buffering structure is attached on the main body.

[0034] Specifically, the fireproof buffering structure is attached on at least one of a seat portion and a side portion and a backrest portion of the main body.

[0035] Specifically, the fireproof plate of the fireproof buffering structure is closer to a seating space of the safety seat than the buffering plate, and the buffering plate is positioned between the fireproof plate and an inner side of the safety seat.

[0036] As will be seen more clearly from the detailed description following below, another claimed safety seat includes a main body and the abovementioned supporting cushion apparatus disposed on the main body.

[0037] In contrast to conventional buffering structures, the fireproof buffering structure of the present application includes the buffering plate and the fireproof plate combined with each other. The buffering plate has good impact absorbing capacity for providing a soft and comfortable seating environment and buffering and protection effects during a crash accident. Besides, the attached fireproof plate can reduce the combustion rate of the integral structure when catching fire. Therefore, the fireproof buffering structure, which can be disposed in the safety seats 3, 8, achieves the inventive purposes of safety and comfort.

[0038] These and other objectives of the present invention will no doubt become obvious to those of ordinary skill in the art after reading the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment that is illustrated in the various figures and drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0039] In the following, the invention is further illustrated by way of example, taking reference to the accompanying drawings. Thereof

FIG. 1 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a first embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 2 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a second embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 3 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a third embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 4 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a fourth embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 5 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a fifth embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 6 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a sixth embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 7 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a seventh embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 8 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to an eighth embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 9 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a ninth embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 10 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure according to a tenth embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 11 is a perspective diagram of a safety seat with the fireproof buffering structure of the present application,

FIG. 12 is a top view of the fireproof buffering structure disposed to a headrest portion according to the first embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 13 is a top view of the fireproof buffering structure disposed to the headrest portion according to the third embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 14 is a top view of the fireproof buffering structure disposed to the headrest portion according to the seventh embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 15 is a top view of the fireproof buffering structure disposed to the headrest portion according to the ninth embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 16 is a perspective diagram of the safety seat with a supporting cushion apparatus according to an embodiment of the present application,

FIG. 17 is a perspective diagram of the supporting cushion apparatus according to the embodiment of the present application, and

FIG. 18 is a diagram of the fireproof buffering structure partially accommodated in a covering pocket according to an embodiment of the present application.


Detailed Description



[0040] Please refer to FIG. 1. FIG. 1 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 41 according to a first embodiment of the present application. The fireproof structure 41 provided by the present application is mainly used in a child safety seat. The fireproof buffering structure 41 includes a buffering plate 411 and a fireproof plate 412 attached to the buffering plate 411. The buffering plate 411 is made of soft material and thereby has good buffering and impact absorbing capacity for protecting an infant's head from fierce impact during an accident. A combustion rate (and a flammability) of the fireproof plate 412 is lower than a combustion rate of the buffering plate 411, so a cross-sectional combustion rate of the integrated buffering plate 411 and fireproof plate 412 is lower than a cross-sectional combustion rate of the buffering plate 411 alone. The buffering plate 411 can be a foam plate made of material such as polyurethane (PU), expanded polypropylene (EPP), expanded polystyrene (EPS) or Expandable Polyethylene (EPE). The buffering plate 411 of the present application can be a foam plate with a density substantially between 75 kg/m3 and 98 kg/m3. Specifically, the foam plate can be made of inert foam, and the density can be substantially 98 kg/m3. Specifically, the fireproof plate 412 can be made of polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), EPS, EPP, expanded polystyrene (EPO), fireproof foam, ethylene-vinylacetate copolymer (EVA), or botanical cotton, and the botanical cotton can be corn cotton. A thickness of the fireproof buffering structure 41 can be substantially smaller than 13mm, preferably 12mm. The buffering plate 411 and the fireproof plate 412 are attached to each other via, but not limited to, glue or twin adhesive, and a shape of the fireproof plate 412 can correspond to a shape of the buffering plate 411.

[0041] Besides a double-layered structure of the fireproof buffering structure mentioned above, the fireproof buffering structure of the present application can also be, but is not limited to, a triple-layered structure, a quadruple-layered structure, or a quintuple-layered structure, which is described as follows.

[0042] Please refer to FIG. 2. FIG. 2 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 42 according to a second embodiment of the present application. The fireproof buffering structure 42 is a triple-layered structure and includes a fireproof plate 422 and two buffering plates 421. The two buffering plates 421 are respectively attached to a front surface of the fireproof plate 422 and a rear surface of the fireproof plate 422.

[0043] Based on the triple-layered structure of the second embodiment, other auxiliary layers are added to the triple-layered structure, which is described in a third and a fourth embodiments as follows.

[0044] Please refer to FIG. 3. FIG. 3 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 43 according to a third embodiment of the present application. The fireproof buffering structure 43 is a quadruple-layered structure and includes two buffering plates 431, a fireproof plate 432, and a first auxiliary fireproof plate 433. A surface of the fireproof plate 432 is attached to one of the two buffering plates 431, and a surface of the other buffering plate 431 is attached to another surface of the fireproof plate 432. The first auxiliary fireproof plate 433 is attached to a surface of the other buffering plate 431. Therefore, the first auxiliary fireproof plate 433 is attached to another surface of the other buffering plate 431 away from the fireproof plate 432.

[0045] Please refer to FIG. 4. FIG. 4 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 44 according to a fourth embodiment of the present application. The fireproof buffering structure 44 is a quintuple-layered structure and includes two buffering plates 441, a fireproof plate 442, a first auxiliary fireproof plate 443, and a second auxiliary fireproof plate 444. Two surfaces of the two buffering plates 441 are respectively attached to a front surface of the fireproof plate 442 and a rear surface of the fireproof plate 442. The first auxiliary fireproof plate 443 and the second auxiliary fireproof plate 444 are respectively attached to two another surfaces of the two buffering plates 441. Therefore, the first auxiliary fireproof plate 443 and the second auxiliary fireproof plate 444 are respectively attached to the two another surfaces of the two buffering plates 441 away from the fireproof plate 442.

[0046] Please refer to FIG.5. FIG. 5 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 45 according to a fifth embodiment of the present application. The fireproof buffering structure 45 is a triple-layered structure and includes a buffering plate 451, a fireproof plate 452, and a first auxiliary fireproof plate 453. The fireproof plate 452 and the first auxiliary fireproof plate 453 are respectively attached to a front surface of the buffering plate 451 and a rear surface of the buffering plate 451.

[0047] Please refer to Fig. 6. FIG. 6 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 46 according to a sixth embodiment of the present application. Based on the triple-layered structure of the fifth embodiment, other auxiliary layers are added to the triple-layered structure in the sixth embodiment. The fireproof buffering structure 46 includes three buffering plates 461, a fireproof plate 462, and a first auxiliary fireproof plate 463. A surface of the fireproof plate 462 and a surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate 463 are respectively attached to a front surface and a rear surface of one of the three buffering plates 461, and the other two of the three buffering plates 461 are respectively attached to another surface of the fireproof plate 462 and another surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate 463.

[0048] Please refer to FIG. 7. FIG. 7 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 47 according to a seventh embodiment of the present application. The fireproof buffering structure 47 is a triple-layered structure and includes a buffering plate 471, a fireproof plate 472, and a first auxiliary fireproof plate 473. A surface of the fireproof plate 472 is attached to the buffering plate 471, and the first auxiliary fireproof plate 473 is attached to another surface of the fireproof plate 472.

[0049] Based on the triple-layered structure of the seventh embodiment, other auxiliary layers are added to the triple-layered structure, which is described in an eighth embodiment and a ninth embodiment as follows.

[0050] Please refer to FIG. 8. FIG. 8 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 48 according to an eighth embodiment of the present application. The fireproof buffering structure 48 includes two buffering plates 481, a fireproof plate 482, and a first auxiliary fireproof plate 483. A surface of the fireproof plate 482 is attached to one of the two buffering plates 481. A surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate 483 is attached to another surface of the fireproof plate 482, and the other buffering plate 481 is attached to another surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate 483.

[0051] Please refer to FIG. 9. FIG. 9 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 49 according to a ninth embodiment of the present application. The fireproof buffering structure 49 includes two buffering plates 491, a fireproof plate 492, a first auxiliary fireproof plate 493, and a second auxiliary fireproof plate 494. The first auxiliary fireproof plate 493 and the fireproof plate 492 are attached between opposite surfaces of the two buffering plates 491 facing towards each other, and the second auxiliary fireproof plate 494 is attached to another surface of the two buffering plates 491 other than the opposite surfaces of the two buffering plates 491.

[0052] Please refer to FIG. 10. FIG. 10 is a perspective diagram of a fireproof buffering structure 40 according to a tenth embodiment of the present application. The fireproof buffering structure 40 is a quintuple-layered structure and includes two buffering plates 401, a fireproof plate 402, a first auxiliary fireproof plate 403, and a second auxiliary fireproof plate 404. A surface of the fireproof plate 402 is attached to one of the two buffering plates 401, a surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate 403 is attached to another surface of the fireproof plate 402, a surface of the second auxiliary fireproof plate 404 is attached to another surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate 403, and the other buffering plate 401 is attached to another surface of the second auxiliary fireproof plate 404.

[0053] The abovementioned buffering plates of the second embodiment to the tenth embodiment can be foam plates as the foam plate of the first embodiment. The fireproof plate, the first auxiliary fireproof plate, and the second auxiliary fireproof plate can be made of PE, PP, EPS, EPP, EPO, fireproof foam, EVA, or botanical cotton. Combustion rates of the first auxiliary fireproof plate and the second auxiliary fireproof plate are lower than the combustion rate of the buffering plates. For the third embodiment to the sixth embodiment, two or all of the fireproof plate, the first auxiliary fireproof plate, and the second auxiliary fireproof plate can be made of the same material or different materials. For the seventh embodiment to the ninth embodiment, the fireproof plate and the first auxiliary fireproof plate are made of different materials. The second auxiliary fireproof plate 494 of the ninth embodiment can be made of the same material as one of the fireproof plate 492 and the first auxiliary fireproof plate 493 or can be made of a material different from the fireproof plate 492 and the first auxiliary fireproof plate 493. For the tenth embodiment, the fireproof plate 402 and the second auxiliary fireproof plate 404 can be respectively made of a material different from the first auxiliary fireproof plate 403, while the fireproof plate 402 and the second auxiliary fireproof plate 404 can be made of the same material or different materials. By adjusting the materials of the multiple fireproof plates, an integral combustion rate of the fireproof buffering structure can be adjusted. Besides, the fireproof plates are usually harder than the buffering plates, which can transfer an impact onto the entire buffering plates during a crash accident so that the buffering plates are deformed uniformly to achieve better buffering effect.

[0054] Please refer to FIG. 11. FIG. 11 is a perspective diagram of a safety seat 8 with the fireproof buffering structure 50 of the present application. The present application further discloses the safety seat 8 with a fireproof buffering structure 50. The fireproof buffering structure 50 can be disposed on or directly attached on a main body of the safety seat 8. For example, the buffering structure 50 can be attached to a position on at least one of a seat portion 81, a side portion 82, a backrest portion 83, and a headrest portion 84 of the main body. According to the position where the buffering structure 50 is attached, a shape of the buffering structure 50 can be strip-shaped, rectangular, or circular, but not limited thereto. It is noticed that the buffering structure 50 can be, but is not limited to, one of the buffering structures according to the first embodiment to the tenth embodiment. Besides, if an outmost layer of the fireproof buffering structure 50 is a fireproof plate, the fireproof plate is closer to a seating space of the safety seat 8 than the neighboring buffering plates or the buffering plate that the fireproof plate is attached to. That is, the buffering plates are positioned between the fireproof plate and an inner side of the safety seat 8 so that the fireproof plate is in contact with a child in the safety seat 8.

[0055] Further detail of that the abovementioned fireproof buffering structures are configured for the first embodiment, the third embodiment, the seventh embodiment, and the ninth embodiment is described as follows. Please refer to FIG. 12. FIG. 12 is a top view of the fireproof buffering structure 41 disposed to the headrest portion 84 according to the first embodiment of the present application. As shown in FIG. 12, the fireproof buffering structures 41 are disposed on inner sides of two flanking sides of the headrest portion 84. The fireproof plates 412 are closer to an inner space surrounded by the headrest portion 84 than the buffering plates 411. Please refer to FIG. 13 to FIG. 15. FIG. 13 is a top view of the fireproof buffering structure 43 disposed to the headrest portion 84 according to the third embodiment of the present application. FIG. 14 is a top view of the fireproof buffering structure disposed 47 to the headrest portion 84 according to the seventh embodiment of the present application. FIG. 15 is a top view of the fireproof buffering structure 49 disposed to the headrest portion 84 according to the ninth embodiment of the present application. As shown in FIG. 13 to FIG. 15, the first auxiliary fireproof plates 433, 473 of the fireproof buffering structures 43, 47 respectively and the second auxiliary fireproof plates 494 of the fireproof buffering structures 49 are closer to an inner space surrounded by the headrest portion 84, while the buffering plates 431 of the fireproof buffering structures 43 are between the first auxiliary fireproof plates 433 and the inner sides of the headrest portion 84, and the buffering plates 471 of the fireproof buffering structures 47 are between the first auxiliary fireproof plates 473 and the inner sides of the headrest portion 84, and the buffering plates 491 of the fireproof buffering structures 49 are between the second auxiliary fireproof plate 494 and the inner sides of the headrest portion 84.

[0056] Please refer to FIG. 16. FIG. 16 is a perspective diagram of the safety seat 3 with a supporting cushion apparatus 1 according to an embodiment of the present application. As shown in FIG. 16, the present application further discloses that a safety seat 3 includes a main body 31 and the supporting cushion apparatus 1 disposed on the main body 31. The supporting cushion apparatus 1 can be a headrest for supporting the infant's head in the safety seat 3. The supporting cushion apparatus 1 includes the fireproof buffering structure disclosed by the present application so as to provide protection for the infant's head.

[0057] Please refer to FIG. 17 and FIG. 18. FIG. 17 is a perspective diagram of the supporting cushion apparatus 1 according to the embodiment of the present application. FIG. 18 is a diagram of the fireproof buffering structure 45 partially accommodated in a covering pocket 113 according to an embodiment of the present application. The supporting apparatus 1 includes a covering member 11 and the fireproof buffering structure 45 accommodated inside the covering member 11. The fireproof buffering structure 45 can be a structure of the abovementioned fifth embodiment, which includes the buffering plate 451, and the fireproof plate 452 and the first auxiliary fireproof plate 453 respectively attached to a front surface of the buffering plate 451 and a rear surface of the buffering plate 451. The covering member 11 includes a head supporting portion 111 and two flanking portions 112 connected with two sides of the head supporting portion 111. A child in a car ride can rest his or her head on the head supporting portion 111. The fireproof buffering structure 45 can be accommodated in each of the two flanking portions 112 which are located on two sides of the child's head for providing protection. Specifically, the covering pocket 113 with an opening can be disposed on at least one of the two flanking portions 112 and the head supporting portion 111, and the fireproof buffering structure 45 can be put into the covering pocket 113 through the opening. A shape of the fireproof buffering structure 45 can correspond to shapes of the flanking portion 112 and the covering pocket 113, and a size of the fireproof buffering structure 45 can be only slightly smaller than the covering pocket 113 so that the fireproof buffering structure 45 can be properly restrained in the flanking portion 112 after being enclosed into the covering pocket 113. The fireproof buffering structure 45 can also be accommodated in the head supporting portion 111. For example, in another embodiment of the present application, the fireproof buffering structures 45 are accommodated in the head supporting portion 111 and the flanking portions 112 of the covering member 11. In another embodiment of the present application, the fireproof buffering structure 45 is accommodated only in the head supporting portion 111 but not in the flanking portions 112, and the description of the exemplary embodiments are intended to be illustrative and not to limit the scope of the invention.

[0058] Since the fireproof plate 452 made of PE is harder than the buffering plate 451 and is disposed on a surface of the fireproof buffering structure 45 closer to an inner space surrounded by the covering member 11, the infant with his or her head rested in the inner space and on the fireproof plate 452 might feel uncomfortable. Therefore, a soft filler can be disposed on the fireproof plate 452 accommodated in the flanking portion 112. A side compartment can be disposed outside the covering pocket 113 accommodated in the flanking portion 112 or in the head supporting portion 111, and the soft filler can fill the side compartment. In other embodiments, the soft filler can directly fill the covering pocket 113 for covering the fireproof plate 452 or can be disposed on the fireproof plate 452 accommodated in the covering pocket 113 or the head supporting portion 111, and the description of the exemplary embodiments are not intended to limit the scope of the invention but to be illustrative about that the soft filler is required to be positioned on an outer surface of the fireproof plate 452. The soft filler can be foam made of materials, such as PU, EPP, EPS, or EPE, or can be made of a material that improves comfortableness, such as cotton. It is noticed that the fireproof buffering structure accommodated in the supporting cushion apparatus 1 can be formed in other configurations else the fireproof buffering structures of the first embodiment to the tenth embodiment besides the abovementioned fireproof buffering structure 45.

[0059] In contrast to conventional buffering structures, the fireproof buffering structure of the present application includes the buffering plate and the fireproof plate combined with each other. The buffering plate has good impact absorbing capacity for providing a soft and comfortable seating environment and buffering and protection effects during a crash accident. Besides, the attached fireproof plate can reduce the combustion rate of the integral structure when catching fire. Therefore, the fireproof buffering structure, which can be disposed in the safety seats 3, 8, achieves the inventive purposes of safety and comfort.

[0060] Those skilled in the art will readily observe that numerous modifications and alterations of the device and method may be made while retaining the teachings of the invention.


Claims

1. A fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50), comprising:

a buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401); and

a fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402) attached to the buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401), a combustion rate of the fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402) being lower than a combustion rate of the buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401).


 
2. The fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) of claim 1, characterized in that the buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401) is a foam plate.
 
3. The fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) of claim 2, characterized in that a density of the foam plate is substantially between 75 kg/m3 and 98 kg/m3.
 
4. The fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) of any of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402) is made of at least one of polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), expanded polystyrene (EPS), expanded polypropylene (EPP), expanded polystyrene (EPO), fireproof foam, ethylene-vinylacetate copolymer (EVA), and botanical cotton.
 
5. The fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) of any of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that a thickness of the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) is substantially smaller than 13mm.
 
6. The fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) of any of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the thickness of the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) is substantially equal to 12mm.
 
7. The fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) of any of claim 1 to 6, characterized in that a shape of the fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402) corresponds to a shape of the buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401), and the fireproof plate (412, 422, 432, 442, 452, 462, 472, 482, 492, 402) is attached to a front surface of the buffering plate (411, 421, 431, 441, 451, 461, 471, 481, 491, 401).
 
8. The fireproof buffering structure of any of claims 1 to 7, comprising a plurality of fireproof plates, at least part of the plurality of fireproof plates being made of different materials.
 
9. The fireproof buffering structure (42, 43, 44) of any of claims 1 to 7, comprising two buffering plates (421, 431, 441) respectively attached to a front surface of the fireproof plate (422, 432, 442) and a rear surface of the fireproof plate (422, 432, 442).
 
10. The fireproof buffering structure (43, 44) of claim 9, further characterized by a first auxiliary fireproof plate (433, 443) attached to a surface of the two buffering plates (431, 441) away from the fireproof plate (432, 442).
 
11. The fireproof buffering structure (44) of claim 10, further characterized by a second auxiliary fireproof plate (444), the first auxiliary fireproof plate (443) and the second auxiliary fireproof plate (444) being respectively attached to two surfaces of the two buffering plates (441) away from the fireproof plate (442).
 
12. The fireproof buffering structure (43, 44, 45, 46) of any of claims 1 to 7, further characterized by a first auxiliary fireproof plate (433, 443, 453, 463), the fireproof plate (432, 442, 452, 462) and the first auxiliary fireproof plate (433, 443, 453, 463) being respectively attached to a front surface of the buffering plate (431, 441, 451, 461) and a rear surface of the buffering plate (431, 441, 451, 461).
 
13. The fireproof buffering structure (46) of claim 12, comprising three buffering plates (461), a surface of the fireproof plate (462) and a surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate (463) being respectively attached to a front surface and a rear surface of one of the three buffering plates (461), and the other two of the three buffering plates (461) being respectively attached to an another surface of the fireproof plate (462) and an another surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate (463).
 
14. The fireproof buffering structure (47, 48, 49, 40) of any of claims 1 to 7, further characterized by a first auxiliary fireproof plate (473, 483, 493, 403), a surface of the fireproof plate (472, 482, 492, 402) being attached to the buffering plate (471, 481, 491, 401), and the first auxiliary fireproof plate (473, 483, 493, 403) being attached to an another surface of the fireproof plate (472, 482, 492, 402).
 
15. The fireproof buffering structure (48, 49) of claim 14, comprising two buffering plates (481, 491), the fireproof plate (482, 492) being attached to one of the two buffering plates (481, 491), a surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate (483, 493) being attached to the fireproof plate (482, 492), and the other one of the two buffering plates (481, 491) being attached to an another surface of the first auxiliary fireproof plate (483, 493).
 
16. A supporting cushion apparatus (1), comprising:

a covering member (11); and

the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) of any of claims 1 to 18, the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) being accommodated inside the covering member (11).


 
17. The supporting cushion apparatus (1) of claim 16, characterized in that the covering member (11) comprises a head supporting portion (111) and two flanking portions (112) connected with two sides of the head supporting portion (111), and the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) is accommodated in at least one of the head supporting portion (111) and the two flanking portions (112).
 
18. The supporting cushion apparatus (1) of claim 17, characterized in that a soft filler is disposed on a surface of the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) accommodated in at least one of the covering pocket (113) and the head supporting portion (111) and the two flanking portions (112).
 
19. A safety seat (8), comprising a main body (31) and the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) of any of claims 1 to 15 disposed on the main body (31).
 
20. The safety seat (8) of claim 19, characterized in that the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) is attached on the main body (31).
 
21. The safety seat (8) of any of claims 24 to 20, characterized in that the fireproof buffering structure (41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 40, 50) is attached on at least one of a seat portion (81) and a side portion (82) and a backrest portion (83) of the main body (31).
 
22. The safety seat (8) of any of claims 19 to 21, characterized in that the fireproof plate (412, 452, 472) of the fireproof buffering structure (41, 45, 47) is closer to a seating space of the safety seat (8) than the buffering plate (411, 451, 471), and the buffering plate (411, 451, 471) is positioned between the fireproof plate (412, 452, 472) and an inner side of the safety seat (8).
 
23. A safety seat (3), comprising a main body (31) and the supporting cushion apparatus (1) of any of claims 16 to 18 disposed on the main body (31).
 




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Search report