(19)
(11)EP 3 663 308 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 19211446.0

(22)Date of filing:  26.11.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07F 15/00(2006.01)
C09K 11/06(2006.01)
C09K 11/02(2006.01)
H01L 51/00(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 05.12.2018 KR 20180155457

(71)Applicant: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Gyeonggi-do 16677 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • HWANG, Kyuyoung
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • KWAK, Seungyeon
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • KWAK, Yoonhyun
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • LEE, Kum Hee
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • LEE, Sunghun
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • CHOI, Whail
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • JEON, Aram
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • CHOI, Byoungki
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • CHOI, Hyeonho
    16678 Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Elkington and Fife LLP 
Prospect House 8 Pembroke Road
Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 1XR
Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 1XR (GB)

  


(54)ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUND, ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUND, AND DIAGNOSTIC COMPOSITION INCLUDING THE ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUND


(57) An organometallic compound represented by Formula 1:

         Formula 1     M(L1)n1(L2)n2

wherein, in Formula 1, M is a transition metal, L1 is a ligand represented by Formula 2A, L2 is a ligand represented by Formula 2B, n1 is 1 or 2, wherein, when n1 is 2, two groups L1 are identical to or different from each other, n2 is 1 or 2, wherein, when n2 is 2, two group L2 are identical to or different from each other, the sum of n1 and n2 is 2 or 3, and L1 and L2 are different from each other

wherein X1, ring CY1, ring CY2, ring CY14, R1 to R3, R11 to R14, Z1 to Z3, a1, a2, a3, b1, and c1 are the same as described in the description, and * and *' in Formulae 2A and 2B each indicate a binding site to M in Formula 1.


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] One or more embodiments of the present disclosure relate to an organometallic compound, an organic light-emitting device including the organometallic compound, and a diagnostic composition including the organometallic compound.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) are self-emission devices, which have better characteristics in terms of viewing angle, response time, brightness, driving voltage, and response speed, and produce full-color images.

[0003] In an example, an organic light-emitting device includes an anode, a cathode, and an organic layer disposed between the anode and the cathode, wherein the organic layer includes an emission layer. A hole transport region may be disposed between the anode and the emission layer, and an electron transport region may be disposed between the emission layer and the cathode. Holes provided from the anode may move toward the emission layer through the hole transport region, and electrons provided from the cathode may move toward the emission layer through the electron transport region. The holes and the electrons recombine in the emission layer to produce excitons. These excitons transit from an excited state to a ground state, thereby generating light.

[0004] Meanwhile, luminescence compounds may be used to monitor, sense, or detect a variety of biological materials including cells and proteins. An example of the luminescence compounds includes a phosphorescent luminescence compound.

[0005] Various types of organic light emitting devices are known. However, there still remains a need in OLEDs having low driving voltage, high efficiency, high brightness, and long lifespan.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0006] Provided are an organometallic compound, an organic light-emitting device including the organometallic compound, and a diagnostic composition including the organometallic compound.

[0007] Additional aspects will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be apparent from the description, or may be learned by practice of the presented embodiments.

[0008] According to an aspect of an embodiment, organometallic compounds are represented by Formula 1:

         Formula 1     M(L1)n1(L2)n2

In Formula 1,

M may be a transition metal,

L1 may be a ligand represented by Formula 2A,

n1 may be 1 or 2, wherein, when n1 is 2, two groups L1 may be identical to or different from each other,

L2 may be a ligand represented by Formula 2B,

n2 may be 1 or 2, wherein, when n2 is 2, two groups L2 may be identical to or different from each other,

the sum of n1 and n2 may be 2 or 3, and

each L1 and L2 may be different from each other:

In Formulae 2A and 2B,

X1 may be C, N, Si, or P,

ring CY1, ring CY2, and ring CY14 may each independently be a C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group,

R1 to R3 may each independently be a C1-C60 alkyl group or a C6-C60 aryl group, each independently unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, and a C1-C10 alkyl group,

Z1 to Z3 and R11 to R14 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -SF5, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5),-B(Q6)(Q7), and -P(=O)(Q8)(Q9), wherein R12 may be neither hydrogen nor a methyl group,

a1 may be an integer from 0 to 3, wherein, when a1 is two or more, two or more groups Z1 may be identical to or different from each other,

a2, a3, and b1 may each independently be an integer from 0 to 20, wherein, when a2 is two or more, two or more groups Z2 may be identical to or different from each other, when a3 is two or more, two or more groups Z3 may be identical to or different from each other, and when b1 is two or more, two or more groups R14 may be identical to or different from each other,

c1 may be an integer from 1 to 4, wherein, when c1 is two or more, two or more groups represented by

may be identical to or different from each other,

when a1 is two or more, two or more groups Z1 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

when a2 is two or more, two or more groups Z2 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

when a3 is two or more, two or more groups Z3 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

R12 and R13 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

when b1 is two or more, two or more groups R14 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more substituents selected from Z1 and Z2 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more substituents selected from R11 to R14 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

R10a may be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, -SF5, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,-N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -B(Q6)(Q7), and -P(=O)(Q8)(Q9),

* and *' in Formulae 2A and 2B each indicate a binding site to M in Formula 1,

at least one substituent of the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, the substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, the substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, the substituted C7-C60 arylalkyl group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, the substituted C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group may each independently be selected from:

deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, or a C1-C60 alkoxy group;

a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, or a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -N(Q11)(Q12), -Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), -B(Q16)(Q17), and -P(=O)(Q18)(Q19);

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3,-CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -N(Q21)(Q22),-Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), -B(Q26)(Q27), and
-P(=O)(Q28)(Q29); and

-N(Q31)(Q32), -Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), -B(Q36)(Q37), or -P(=O)(Q38)(Q39), and

Q1 to Q9, Q11 to Q19, Q21 to Q29, and Q31 to Q39 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryl group substituted with at least one selected from a C1-C60 alkyl group and a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.



[0009] Another aspect of the present disclosure provides an organic light-emitting device including: a first electrode; a second electrode; and an organic layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and including an emission layer, wherein the organic layer includes at least one organometallic compound represented by Formula 1.

[0010] The organometallic compound in the emission layer of the organic layer may act as a dopant.

[0011] Another aspect of the present disclosure provides a diagnostic composition including at least one organometallic compound represented by Formula 1.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING



[0012] These and/or other aspects will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with FIGURE which is a schematic view of an organic light-emitting device according to an embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



[0013] Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout. In this regard, the present embodiments may have different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the descriptions set forth herein. Accordingly, the embodiments are merely described below, by referring to the figures, to explain aspects of the present description. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items. Expressions such as "at least one of," when preceding a list of elements, modify the entire list of elements and do not modify the individual elements of the list.

[0014] It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "on" another element, it can be directly in contact with the other element or intervening elements may be present therebetween. In contrast, when an element is referred to as being "directly on" another element, there are no intervening elements present.

[0015] It will be understood that, although the terms first, second, third etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, components, regions, layers, and/or sections, these elements, components, regions, layers, and/or sections should not be limited by these terms. These terms are only used to distinguish one element, component, region, layer, or section from another element, component, region, layer, or section. Thus, a first element, component, region, layer, or section discussed below could be termed a second element, component, region, layer, or section without departing from the teachings of the present embodiments.

[0016] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting. As used herein, the singular forms "a," "an," and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

[0017] The term "or" means "and/or." It will be further understood that the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising," or "includes" and/or "including" when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, regions, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, regions, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof.

[0018] Unless otherwise defined, all terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this general inventive concept belongs. It will be further understood that terms, such as those defined in commonly used dictionaries, should be interpreted as having a meaning that is consistent with their meaning in the context of the relevant art and the present disclosure, and will not be interpreted in an idealized or overly formal sense unless expressly so defined herein.

[0019] Exemplary embodiments are described herein with reference to cross section illustrations that are schematic illustrations of idealized embodiments. As such, variations from the shapes of the illustrations as a result, for example, of manufacturing techniques and/or tolerances, are to be expected. Thus, embodiments described herein should not be construed as limited to the particular shapes of regions as illustrated herein but are to include deviations in shapes that result, for example, from manufacturing. For example, a region illustrated or described as flat may, typically, have rough and/or nonlinear features. Moreover, sharp angles that are illustrated may be rounded. Thus, the regions illustrated in the figures are schematic in nature and their shapes are not intended to illustrate the precise shape of a region and are not intended to limit the scope of the present claims.

[0020] "About" or "approximately" as used herein is inclusive of the stated value and means within an acceptable range of deviation for the particular value as determined by one of ordinary skill in the art, considering the measurement in question and the error associated with measurement of the particular quantity (i.e., the limitations of the measurement system). For example, "about" can mean within one or more standard deviations, or within ± 30%, 20%, 10%, 5% of the stated value.

[0021] An organometallic compound according to an embodiment is represented by Formula 1:

         Formula 1     M(L1)n1(L2)n2



[0022] In Formula 1, M may be a transition metal. For example, M may be selected from a first-row transition metal, a second-row transition metal, and a third-row transition metal, of the Periodic Table of Elements.

[0023] In an embodiment, M may be iridium (Ir), platinum (Pt), osmium (Os), titanium (Ti), zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf), europium (Eu), terbium (Tb), thulium (Tm), or rhodium (Rh).

[0024] In an embodiment, M may be Ir, Pt, Os, or Rh, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0025] In Formula 1, L1 may be a ligand represented by Formula 2A. In Formula 1, n1 indicates the number of groups L1, and may be 1 or 2. When n1 is two, two groups L1 may be identical to or different from each other.

[0026] In Formula 1, L2 may be a ligand represented by Formula 2B. In Formula 1, n2 indicates the number of groups L2, and may be 1 or 2. When n2 is two, two groups L2 may be identical to or different from each other.



[0027] Formulae 2A and 2B will be described below.

[0028] In Formula 1, L1 and L2 may be different from each other.

[0029] In an embodiment, M may be Ir, and the sum of n1 and n2 may be 3; or M may be Pt, and the sum of n1 and n2 may be 2.

[0030] In Formula 2A, X1 may be C, N, Si, or P. For example, X1 may be C, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0031] In Formulae 2A and 2B, ring CY1, ring CY2, and ring CY14 may each independently be a C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group.

[0032] For example, ring CY1, ring CY2, and ring CY14 may each independently be i) a first ring, ii) a second ring, iii) a condensed ring in which at least two first rings are condensed, iv) a condensed ring in which at least two second rings are condensed, or v) a condensed ring in which at least one first ring and at least one second ring are condensed, wherein
the first ring may be a cyclopentane group, a cyclopentadiene group, a furan group, a thiophene group, a pyrrole group, a silole group, an indene group, a benzofuran group, a benzothiophene group, an indole group, a benzosilole group, an oxazole group, an isoxazole group, an oxadiazole group, an isoxadiazole group, an oxatriazole group, an isoxatriazole group, a thiazole group, an isothiazole group, a thiadiazole group, an isothiadiazole group, a thiatriazole group, an isothiatriazole group, a pyrazole group, an imidazole group, a triazole group, a tetrazole group, an azasilole group, a diazasilole group, or a triazasilole group, and
the second ring may be an adamantane group, a norbornane group, a norbornene group, a cyclohexane group, a cyclohexene group, a benzene group, a pyridine group, a pyrimidine group, a pyrazine group, a pyridazine group, or a triazine group.

[0033] In an embodiment, ring CY1, ring CY2, and ring CY14 may each independently be selected from a cyclopentane group, a cyclohexane group, a cycloheptane group, a cyclopentene group, a cyclohexene group, a cycloheptene group, a benzene group, a naphthalene group, an anthracene group, a phenanthrene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a cyclopentadiene group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene group, a thiophene group, a furan group, an indole group, a benzoborole group, a benzophosphole group, an indene group, a benzosilole group, a benzogermole group, a benzothiophene group, a benzoselenophene group, a benzofuran group, a carbazole group, a dibenzoborole group, a dibenzophosphole group, a fluorene group, a dibenzosilole group, a dibenzogermole group, a dibenzothiophene group, a dibenzoselenophene group, a dibenzofuran group, a dibenzothiophene 5-oxide group, a 9H-fluorene-9-one group, a dibenzothiophene 5,5-dioxide group, an azaindole group, an azabenzoborole group, an azabenzophosphole group, an azaindene group, an azabenzosilole group, an azabenzogermole group, an azabenzothiophene group, an azabenzoselenophene group, an azabenzofuran group, an azacarbazole group, an azadibenzoborole group, an azadibenzophosphole group, an azafluorene group, an azadibenzosilole group, an azadibenzogermole group, an azadibenzothiophene group, an azadibenzoselenophene group, an azadibenzofuran group, an azadibenzothiophene 5-oxide group, an aza-9H-fluorene-9-one group, an azadibenzothiophene 5,5-dioxide group, a pyridine group, a pyrimidine group, a pyrazine group, a pyridazine group, a triazine group, a quinoline group, an isoquinoline group, a quinoxaline group, a quinazoline group, a phenanthroline group, a pyrrole group, a pyrazole group, an imidazole group, a triazole group, an oxazole group, an isoxazole group, a thiazole group, an isothiazole group, an oxadiazole group, a thiadiazole group, a benzopyrazole group, a benzimidazole group, a benzoxazole group, a benzothiazole group, a benzoxadiazole group, a benzothiadiazole group, a 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroisoquinoline group, and a 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinoline group, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0034] In an embodiment, ring CY1, ring CY2, and ring CY14 may each independently be selected from a benzene group, a naphthalene group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene group, a phenanthrene group, a pyridine group, a pyrimidine group, a pyrazine group, a triazine group, a benzofuran group, a benzothiophene group, a fluorene group, a carbazole group, a dibenzofuran group, a dibenzothiophene group, a dibenzosilole group, an azafluorene group, an azacarbazole group, an azadibenzofuran group, an azadibenzothiophene group, and an azadibenzosilole group, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0035] In Formula 2B, R1 to R3 may each independently be a C1-C60 alkyl group or a C6-C60 aryl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, and a C1-C10 alkyl group.

[0036] For example, R1 to R3 may each independently be selected from a methyl group, an ethyl group, an n-propyl group, an isopropyl group, an n-butyl group, a sec-butyl group, an isobutyl group, a tert-butyl group, an n-pentyl group, a tert-pentyl group, a neopentyl group, an isopentyl group, a sec-pentyl group, a 3-pentyl group, a sec-isopentyl group, an n-hexyl group, an isohexyl group, a sec-hexyl group, a tert-hexyl group, an n-heptyl group, an isoheptyl group, a sec-heptyl group, a tert-heptyl group, an n-octyl group, an isooctyl group, a sec-octyl group, a tert-octyl group, an n-nonyl group, an isononyl group, a sec-nonyl group, a tert-nonyl group, an n-decyl group, an isodecyl group, a sec-decyl group, a tert-decyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, or a naphthyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H,-CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof and a C1-C10 alkyl group.

[0037] In an embodiment, R1 to R3 may each independently be -CH3, -CH2CH3,-CD3,
-CD2H, -CDH2, -CH2CD3, or -CD2CH3.

[0038] In Formula 2B, R1 to R3 may be identical to or different from each other.

[0039] In an embodiment, R1 to R3 may be identical to each other, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0040] In Formulae 2A and 2B, Z1 to Z3 and R11 to R14 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -SF5, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,-N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -B(Q6)(Q7), and -P(=O)(Q8)(Q9), wherein R12 may be neither hydrogen nor a methyl group, and Q1 to Q9 are the same as described above.

[0041] In an embodiment, Z1 to Z3 and R11 to R14 may each independently be selected from:

hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, -SF5, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group;

a C1-C20 alkyl group or a C1-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H,-CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1 )pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, or a pyrimidinyl group;

a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, an azadibenzofuranyl group, or an azadibenzothiophenyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, an azadibenzofuranyl group, an azadibenzothiophenyl group, and-Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35); and

-N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -B(Q6)(Q7), -P(=O)(Q8)(Q9), or-P(Q8)(Q9), wherein R12 is neither hydrogen nor a methyl group, and

Q1 to Q9 and Q33 to Q35 may each independently be selected from:
-CH3, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CH2CH3, -CH2CD3, -CH2CD2H, -CH2CDH2, -CHDCH3, -CHDCD2H, -CHDCDH2, -CHDCD3, -CD2CD3, -CD2CD2H, or -CD2CDH2; and

an n-propyl group, an isopropyl group, an n-butyl group, a sec-butyl group, an isobutyl group, a tert-butyl group, an n-pentyl group, a tert-pentyl group, a neopentyl group, an isopentyl group, a sec-pentyl group, a 3-pentyl group, a sec-isopentyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, or a naphthyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, a C1-C10 alkyl group, and a phenyl group.



[0042] In an embodiment, in Formula 2B, R12 may be selected from:

a C2-C20 alkyl group or a C2-C20 alkoxy group;

a methyl group or a methoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C14 aryl group, a C1-C14 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;

a C2-C20 alkyl group or a C2-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H,-CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C14 aryl group, a C1-C14 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C14 aryl group, a C1-C14 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H,-CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C14 aryl group, a C1-C14 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group; and

-N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -B(Q6)(Q7), or -P(=O)(Q8)(Q9).



[0043] In an embodiment, in Formula 2B, R12 may be selected from:

a C2-C20 alkyl group or a C2-C20 alkoxy group;

methyl group or a methoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, and a pyrimidinyl group;

a methyl group or a methoxy group, each substituted with i) at least one selected from a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, and a pyrimidinyl group, and ii) at least one deuterium;

a C2-C20 alkyl group or a C2-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H,-CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, and a pyrimidinyl group; and

a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, an azadibenzofuranyl group or azadibenzothiophenyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, an azadibenzofuranyl group, and an azadibenzothiophenyl group.



[0044] Examples of the C1-C60 alkyl group, the C1-C20 alkyl group, and the C1-C10 alkyl group include a methyl group, an ethyl group, an n-propyl group, an isopropyl group, an n-butyl group, a sec-butyl group, an isobutyl group, a tert-butyl group, an n-pentyl group, a tert-pentyl group, a neopentyl group, an isopentyl group, a sec-pentyl group, a 3-pentyl group, a sec-isopentyl group, an n-hexyl group, an isohexyl group, a sec-hexyl group, a tert-hexyl group, an n-heptyl group, an isoheptyl group, a sec-heptyl group, a tert-heptyl group, an n-octyl group, an isooctyl group, a sec-octyl group, a tert-octyl group, an n-nonyl group, an isononyl group, a sec-nonyl group, a tert-nonyl group, an n-decyl group, an isodecyl group, a sec-decyl group, or a tert-decyl group, and examples of the C1-C60 alkoxy group, the C1-C20 alkoxy group, and the C1-C10 alkoxy group include a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, a propoxy group, a butoxy group, and a pentoxy group.

[0045] In an embodiment, in Formulae 2A and 2B, Z1 to Z3, R11, R13, and R14 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, a cyano group, a nitro group, -SF5, -CH3, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66, groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66 in which at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium, groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249, groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249 in which at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium, -N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), and-Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5) (wherein Q1 to Q5 are each independently the same as described above); and/or
R12 in Formula 2B may be selected from groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66, groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66 in which at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium, groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249, and groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249 in which at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium.































































































[0046] In Formulae 9-1 to 9-66 and Formulae 10-1 to 10-249, * indicates a binding site to a neighboring atom, Ph indicates a phenyl group, and TMS indicates a trimethylsilyl group. As used herein, "The groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66 in which at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium" may be, for example, groups represented by Formulae 9-501 to 9-552:

















[0047] As used herein, "The groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249 in which at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium" may be, for example, groups represented by Formulae 10-501 to 10-510:





[0048] In an embodiment, in Formula 2A, Z1 may be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, a cyano group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group,-N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), and -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), wherein Q1 to Q5 are the same as described above.

[0049] In Formula 2A, a1 indicates the number of groups Z1, and may be an integer of 0 to 3. When a1 is two or more, two or more groups Z1 may be identical to or different from each other.

[0050] In Formulae 2A and 2B, a2, a3, and b1 each indicate the number of groups Z2, Z3, and R14, respectively, and may each independently be an integer of 0 to 20. When a2 is two or more, two or more groups Z2 may be identical to or different from each other, when a3 is two or more, two or more groups Z3 may be identical to or different from each other, and when b1 is two or more, two or more groups R14 may be identical to or different from each other. For example, a2, a3, and b1 may each independently be an integer of 0 to 10, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0051] c1 may be an integer of 1 to 4, wherein, when c1 is two or more, two or more groups represented by

may be identical to or different from each other. For example, c1 may be 1 or 2.

[0052] In Formulae 2A and 2B, i) two or more groups selected from a plurality of groups Z1 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a, ii) two or more groups selected from a plurality of groups Z2 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a, iii) two or more groups selected from a plurality of groups Z3 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a, iv) R12 and R13 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a, v) two or more groups selected from a plurality of groups R14 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a, or vi) two or more groups selected from groups Z1, Z2, and R11 to R14 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a. Here, examples of the C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or the C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a include a benzene group, a cyclopentane group, a cyclopentadiene group, a bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane group, a furan group, a thiophene group, a pyrrole group, a silole group, an indene group, a benzofuran group, a benzothiophene group, an indole group, or a benzosilole group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a, wherein R10a is defined the same as Z1. The C5-C30 carbocyclic group and the C1-C30 heterocyclic group will be additionally described below.

[0053] In Formulae 2A and 2B, * and *' each indicate a binding site to M in Formula 1.

[0054] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2A may be selected from a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each unsubstituted or substituted with group Z3 in the number of a3.

[0055] a3, Z3, and X1 are the same as described above.

[0056] In an embodiment, the group represented by

in Formula 2A may be selected from a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, and an imidazopyrimidinyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with group Z3 in the number of a3.

[0057] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2A may be a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY1(1) to CY1(20):





In Formulae CY1(1) to CY1(20),

Z3 may be the same as described above,

X19 may be O, S, N(Z4), C(Z4)(Z5), or Si(Z4)(Z5),

Z4 and Z5 may each independently be the same as described in connection with Z3,

a12 may be an integer from 0 to 2,

a13 may be an integer from 0 to 3,

a14 may be an integer from 0 to 4,

a15 may be an integer from 0 to 5,

a17 may be an integer from 0 to 7,

a19 may be an integer from 0 to 9, and

* indicates a binding site to a neighboring carbon atom.



[0058] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2A may be a group represented by one selected from Formulae 10-10(1) to 10-10(18) and 10-249:









[0059] In Formulae 10-10(1) to 10-10(18), Z3a to Z3e may each independently be the same as described in connection with Z3, wherein Z3a to Z3e may not be hydrogen, and * indicates a binding site to a neighboring carbon atom.

[0060] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2A may be selected from groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249 and groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249 in which at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0061] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2A may be a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY1-1 to CY1-56:





























In Formulae CY1-1 to CY1-56,

X1, ring CY1, Z3, and a3 may each independently be the same as described herein,

Z1a to Z1d may each independently be the same as described in connection with Z1, wherein Z1a to Z1d may not be hydrogen,

X11 and X12 may each independently be the same as described in connection with X1,

ring CY11 and ring CY12 may each independently be the same as described in connection with ring CY1,

Z31 and Z32 may each independently be the same as described in connection with Z3,

a31 and a32 may each independently be the same as described in connection with a3,

ring CY10a may be a C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group,

R10a may be the same as described above,

aa may be an integer from 0 to 10, and

* indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1, and *" indicates a binding site to ring CY2 in Formula 2A.



[0062] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2A may be a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY2-1 to CY2-64:



























In Formulae CY2-1 to CY2-64,

Z2 may be the same as described above,

X22 may be C(Z22)(Z23), N(Z22), O, S, or Si(Z22)(Z23),

Z22 to Z29 may each independently be the same as described in connection with Z2,

a28 may be an integer from 0 to 8,

a26 may be an integer from 0 to 6,

a25 may be an integer from 0 to 5,

a24 may be an integer from 0 to 4,

a23 may be an integer from 0 to 3,

a22 may be an integer from 0 to 2,

*" indicates a binding site to a carbon atom of a neighboring pyridine ring in Formula 2A, and

*' indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1.



[0063] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2A may be a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY2(1) to CY2(16):





In Formulae CY2(1) to CY2(16),

Z2a to Z2d may each independently be the same as described in connection with Z2, wherein Z2a to Z2d may not be hydrogen,

*" indicates a binding site to a carbon atom of a neighboring pyridine ring in Formula 2A, and

*' indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1.



[0064] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2B may be a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY14-1 to CY14-64:





























In Formulae CY14-1 to CY14-64,

R14 may be the same as described above,

X14 may be C(R1)(R2), N(R1), O, S, or Si(R1)(R2),

R1 to R8 may each independently be the same as described in connection with R14,

b18 may be an integer from 0 to 8,

b16 may be an integer from 0 to 6,

b15 may be an integer from 0 to 5,

b14 may be an integer from 0 to 4,

b13 may be an integer from 0 to 3,

b12 may be an integer from 0 to 2,

*" indicates a binding site to a carbon atom of a neighboring pyridine ring in Formula 2B, and

*' indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1.



[0065] In an embodiment, a group represented by

in Formula 2B may be a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY14(1) to CY14(16):





In Formulae CY14(1) to CY14(16),

R14a to R14d may each independently be the same as described in connection with R14, wherein R14a to R14d may not be hydrogen,

*" indicates a binding site to a carbon atom of a neighboring pyridine ring in Formula 2B, and

*' indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1.



[0066] In an embodiment, the organometallic compound may be represented by Formula 1A:

In Formula 1A,

M, n1, n2, X1, ring CY1, R1 to R3, Z3, R11 to R13, and c1 may each independently be the same as described herein,

T11 may be N, C(Z1a), or carbon linked to ring CY1, T12 may be N, C(Z1b), or carbon linked to ring CY1, T13 may be N, C(Z1c), or carbon linked to ring CY1, T14 may be N, C(Z1d), or carbon linked to ring CY1, at least one selected from T11 to T14 may be carbon linked to ring CY1, and Z1a to Z1d may each independently be the same as described in connection with Z1,

T21 may be N or C(Z2a), T22 may be N or C(Z2b), T23 may be N or C(Z2c), T24 may be N or C(Z2d), and Z2a to Z2d may each independently be the same as described in connection with Z2,

T31 may be N or C(R14a), T32 may be N or C(R14b), T33 may be N or C(R14c), T34 may be N or C(R14d), and R14a to R14d may each independently be the same as described in connection with R14,

two or more groups Z1a to Z1d may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more groups Z2a to Z2d may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more groups Z3 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

R12 and R13 may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more groups R14a to R14d may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more groups Z1a to Z1d, Z2a to Z2d, R11 to R13, and R14a to R14d may optionally be linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a, and

R10a may be the same as described above.



[0067] In an embodiment, the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 may satisfy at least one selected from Condition 1 to Condition 5:

Condition 1
Z1 in Formula 2A is not -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5)

Condition 2
Z2 in Formula 2A is not -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5)

Condition 3
Z3 in Formula 2A is not -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5)

Condition 4
None of R11 to R13 in Formula 2B is -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5)

Condition 5
R14 in Formula 2B is not -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5).



[0068] In an embodiment, the number of silicon (Si) atoms in the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 may be 1, 2, or 3.

[0069] In an embodiment, the number of silicon (Si) atoms in the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 may be 1 or 2.

[0070] The terms "an azaindole group, an azabenzoborole group, an azabenzophosphole group, an azaindene group, an azabenzosilole group, an azabenzogermole group, an azabenzothiophene group, an azabenzoselenophene group, an azabenzofuran group, an azacarbazole group, an azadibenzoborole group, an azadibenzophosphole group, an azafluorene group, an azadibenzosilole group, an azadibenzogermole group, an azadibenzothiophene group, an azadibenzoselenophene group, an azadibenzofuran group, an azadibenzothiophene 5-oxide group, an aza-9H-fluorene-9-one group, and an azadibenzothiophene 5,5-dioxide group" as used herein each refer to a heterocyclic group having the same structural backbone as that of each of "an indole group, a benzoborole group, a benzophosphole group, an indene group, a benzosilole group, a benzogermole group, a benzothiophene group, a benzoselenophene group, a benzofuran group, a carbazole group, a dibenzoborole group, a dibenzophosphole group, a fluorene group, a dibenzosilole group, a dibenzogermole group, a dibenzothiophene group, a dibenzoselenophene group, a dibenzofuran group, a dibenzothiophene 5-oxide group, a 9H-fluorene-9-one group, and a dibenzothiophene 5,5-dioxide group", respectively, wherein at least one of ring-forming carbons of the rings above is substituted with nitrogen.

[0071] For example, the organometallic compound may be one selected from Compounds 1 to 420, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto:









































































































































































[0072] L1 in the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 may be a ligand represented by Formula 2A, n1 is the number of groups L1 and may be 1 or 2, L2 may be a ligand represented by Formula 2B, n2 is the number of groups L2 and may be 1 or 2, and L1 and L2 may be different from each other. That is, the organometallic compound may be a heteroleptic complex essentially including at least one ligand represented by Formula 2A and at least one ligand represented by Formula 2B as a ligand linked to a metal M.

[0073] Without wishing to be bound by theory, since L2 in Formula 1 is a ligand represented by Formula 2B, the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 may have a highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level, a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level, and a T1 energy level that are suitable for a material for an electronic device, for example, a material for an organic light-emitting device. Therefore, an electronic device, for example, an organic light-emitting device, which includes the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1, may have excellent luminescence efficiency and lifespan characteristics.

[0074] R12 in Formula 2B is neither hydrogen nor a methyl group. As such, the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 may emit light that is shifted toward relatively shorter wavelengths, for example, blue light, green light, or greenish blue light, and an electronic device, for example, an organic light-emitting device, including the organometallic compound may have an excellent out-coupling effect as well as high emission efficiency.

[0075] In Formula 2B, a silyl group is bonded to the fifth position of a pyridine ring (see Formula 2B). Without wishing to be bound by theory, due to this bonding, the organometallic compound including the ligand represented by Formula 2B has excellent heat resistance and decomposition resistance characteristics. Accordingly, an electronic device, for example, an organic light-emitting device, including the organometallic compound has high stability during manufacturing, preserving, and/or driving, and a long lifespan.

[0076] Furthermore, the pyridine ring in Formula 2A may be substituted with ring CY1(s) in the number of c1. Accordingly, the orientation characteristics of the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 are improved, thereby providing high luminescence efficiency for an electronic device, for example, an organic light-emitting device, which includes the organometallic compound.

[0077] Highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level, lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level, singlet (S1) energy level, and triplet (T1) energy level of some of the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 was evaluated by using a Gaussian 09 program accompanied with optimization of molecular structure according to B3LYP-based density functional theory (DFT). Results thereof are shown in Table 1, where the values are in electron volts (eV).
Table 1
Compound No.HOMO (eV)LUMO (eV)S1 (eV)T1(eV)
13 -4.712 -1.232 2.783 2.555
53 -4.717 -1.197 2.827 2.559
163 -4.735 -1.232 2.787 2.543
405 -4.657 -1.228 2.746 2.534


[0078] From Table 1, it is confirmed that the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 has such electric characteristics that are suitable for use in an electronic device, for example, for use as a dopant for an organic light-emitting device.

[0079] Synthesis methods of the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 may be understood by one of ordinary skill in the art by referring to Synthesis Examples provided below.

[0080] The organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 is suitable for use in an organic layer of an organic light-emitting device, for example, for use as a dopant in an emission layer of the organic layer. Thus, another aspect provides an organic light-emitting device that includes: a first electrode; a second electrode; and an organic layer that is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and includes an emission layer, wherein the organic layer includes at least one organometallic compound represented by Formula 1.

[0081] The organic light-emitting device may have, due to the inclusion of an organic layer including the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1, a low driving voltage, high efficiency, high power, high quantum efficiency, a long lifespan, a low roll-off ratio, and excellent color purity.

[0082] The organometallic compound of Formula 1 may be used between a pair of electrodes of an organic light-emitting device. For example, the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 may be included in the emission layer. In this regard, the organometallic compound may act as a dopant, and the emission layer may further include a host (that is, an amount of the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 is smaller than an amount of the host). The emission layer may emit, for example, green light or blue light.

[0083] The expression "(an organic layer) includes at least one organometallic compounds" used herein may include a case in which "(an organic layer) includes identical organometallic compounds represented by Formula 1" and a case in which "(an organic layer) includes two or more different organometallic compounds represented by Formula 1."

[0084] For example, the organic layer may include, as the organometallic compound, only Compound 1. In this regard, Compound 1 may exist in an emission layer of the organic light-emitting device. In another embodiment, the organic layer may include, as the organometallic compound, Compound 1 and Compound 2. In this regard, Compound 1 and Compound 2 may exist in the same layer (for example, Compound 1 and Compound 2 all may exist in the emission layer).

[0085] The first electrode may be an anode, which is a hole injection electrode, and the second electrode may be a cathode, which is an electron injection electrode; or the first electrode may be a cathode, which is an electron injection electrode, and the second electrode may be an anode, which is a hole injection electrode.

[0086] In an embodiment, in the organic light-emitting device, the first electrode is an anode, and the second electrode is a cathode, and the organic layer further includes a hole transport region disposed between the first electrode and the emission layer and an electron transport region disposed between the emission layer and the second electrode, and the hole transport region includes a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, an electron blocking layer, a buffer layer, or any combination thereof, and the electron transport region includes a hole blocking layer, an electron transport layer, an electron injection layer, or any combination thereof.

[0087] The term "organic layer" as used herein refers to a single layer and/or a plurality of layers between the first electrode and the second electrode of the organic light-emitting device. The "organic layer" may include, in addition to an organic compound, an organometallic complex including a metal.

[0088] FIGURE is a schematic view of an organic light-emitting device 10 according to an embodiment. Hereinafter, the structure of an organic light-emitting device according to an embodiment and a method of manufacturing an organic light-emitting device according to an embodiment will be described in connection with the FIGURE. The organic light-emitting device 10 includes a first electrode 11, an organic layer 15, and a second electrode 19, which are sequentially stacked.

[0089] A substrate may be additionally disposed under the first electrode 11 or above the second electrode 19. For use as the substrate, any substrate that is used in general organic light-emitting devices may be used, and the substrate may be a glass substrate or a transparent plastic substrate, each having excellent mechanical strength, thermal stability, transparency, surface smoothness, ease of handling, and water resistance.

[0090] The first electrode 11 may be formed, for example, by depositing or sputtering a material for forming the first electrode 11 on the substrate. The first electrode 11 may be an anode. The material for forming the first electrode 11 may be selected from materials with a high work function to facilitate hole injection. The first electrode 11 may be a reflective electrode, a semi-transmissive electrode, or a transmissive electrode. The material for forming the first electrode may be, for example, indium tin oxide (ITO), indium zinc oxide (IZO), tin oxide (SnO2), and zinc oxide (ZnO). In an embodiment, magnesium (Mg), aluminum (Al), aluminum-lithium (Al-Li), calcium (Ca), magnesium-indium (Mg-In), or magnesium-silver (Mg-Ag) may be used as the material for forming the first electrode.

[0091] The first electrode 11 may have a single-layered structure or a multi-layered structure including two or more layers. For example, the first electrode 11 may have a three-layered structure of ITO/Ag/ITO, but the structure of the first electrode 110 is not limited thereto.

[0092] The organic layer 15 may be disposed on the first electrode 11.

[0093] The organic layer 15 may include a hole transport region, an emission layer, and an electron transport region.

[0094] The hole transport region may be disposed between the first electrode 11 and the emission layer.

[0095] The hole transport region may include a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, an electron blocking layer, a buffer layer, or any combination thereof.

[0096] The hole transport region may include only one of a hole injection layer or a hole transport layer. In another embodiment, the hole transport region may have a hole injection layer/hole transport layer structure or a hole injection layer/hole transport layer/electron blocking layer structure, which are sequentially stacked in this stated order in a direction extending from the first electrode 11.

[0097] A hole injection layer may be formed on the first electrode 11 by using one or more exemplary methods selected from vacuum deposition, spin coating, casting, or Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) deposition.

[0098] When a hole injection layer is formed by vacuum deposition, the deposition conditions may vary according to a compound that is used to form the hole injection layer, and the structure and thermal characteristics of the hole injection layer. For example, the deposition conditions may include a deposition temperature of about 100 °C to about 500 °C, a vacuum pressure of about 10-8 torr to about 10-3 torr, and a deposition rate of about 0.01 Å/sec to about 100 Å/sec. However, the deposition conditions are not limited thereto.

[0099] When the hole injection layer is formed using spin coating, coating conditions may vary according to the material used to form the hole injection layer, and the structure and thermal properties of the hole injection layer. For example, a coating speed may be from about 2,000 rpm to about 5,000 rpm, and a temperature at which a heat treatment is performed to remove a solvent after coating may be from about 80 °C to about 200 °C. However, the coating conditions are not limited thereto.

[0100] Conditions for forming a hole transport layer and an electron blocking layer may be understood by referring to conditions for forming the hole injection layer.

[0101] The hole transport region may include at least one selected from m-MTDATA, TDATA, 2-TNATA, NPB, β-NPB, TPD, Spiro-TPD, Spiro-NPB, methylated-NPB, TAPC, HMTPD, 4,4',4"-tris(N-carbazolyl)triphenylamine (TCTA), polyaniline/dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (PANI/DBSA), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS), polyaniline/camphor sulfonic acid (PANI/CSA), polyaniline/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PANI/PSS), a compound represented by Formula 201 below, and a compound represented by Formula 202 below:













[0102] Ar101 and Ar102 in Formula 201 may each independently be selected from:

a phenylene group, a pentalenylene group, an indenylene group, a naphthylene group, an azulenylene group, a heptalenylene group, an acenaphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a phenalenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylenylene group, a naphthacenylene group, a picenylene group, a perylenylene group, or a pentacenylene group; and

a phenylene group, a pentalenylene group, an indenylene group, a naphthylene group, an azulenylene group, a heptalenylene group, an acenaphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a phenalenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylenylene group, a naphthacenylene group, a picenylene group, a perylenylene group, and a pentacenylene group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.



[0103] In Formula 201, xa and xb may each independently be an integer of 0 to 5, or may be 0, 1, or 2. For example, xa is 1 and xb is 0, but xa and xb are not limited thereto.

[0104] R101 to R108, R111 to R119, and R121 to R124 in Formulae 201 and 202 may each independently be selected from:

hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C10 alkyl group (for example, a methyl group, an ethyl group, a propyl group, a butyl group, a pentyl group, a hexyl group, and the like), or a C1-C10 alkoxy group (for example, a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, a propoxy group, a butoxy group, a pentoxy group, and the like);

a C1-C10 alkyl group or a C1-C10 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, or a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof;

a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluorenyl group, or a pyrenyl group; and

a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluorenyl group, and a pyrenyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F,-Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C10 alkyl group, or a C1-C10 alkoxy group,

but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.



[0105] R109 in Formula 201 may be selected from:

a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthracenyl group, or a pyridinyl group; and

a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthracenyl group, and a pyridinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthracenyl group, or a pyridinyl group.



[0106] In an embodiment, the compound represented by Formula 201 may be represented by Formula 201A, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto:



[0107] R101, R111, R112, and R109 in Formula 201A may be understood by referring to the description provided herein.

[0108] For example, the compound represented by Formula 201, and the compound represented by Formula 202 may include compounds HT1 to HT20 illustrated below, but are not limited thereto.















[0109] A thickness of the hole transport region may be in a range of about 100 Angstroms (Å) to about 10,000 Å, for example, about 100 Å to about 1,000 Å. When the hole transport region includes at least one of a hole injection layer and a hole transport layer, the thickness of the hole injection layer may be in a range of about 100 Å to about 10,000 Å, and for example, about 100 Å to about 1,000 Å, and the thickness of the hole transport layer may be in a range of about 50 Å to about 2,000 Å, and for example, about 100 Å to about 1500 Å. When the thicknesses of the hole transport region, the hole injection layer, and the hole transport layer are within these ranges, satisfactory hole transporting characteristics may be obtained without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0110] The hole transport region may further include, in addition to these materials, a charge-generation material for the improvement of conductive properties. The charge-generation material may be homogeneously or non-homogeneously dispersed in the hole transport region.

[0111] The charge-generation material may be, for example, a p-dopant. The p-dopant may be one selected from a quinone derivative, a metal oxide, and a cyano group-containing compound, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto. Non-limiting examples of the p-dopant are a quinone derivative, such as tetracyanoquinonedimethane (TCNQ) or 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-tetracyano-1,4-benzoquinonedimethane (F4-TCNQ); a metal oxide, such as a tungsten oxide or a molybdenum oxide; and a cyano group-containing compound, such as Compound HT-D1 below, but are not limited thereto.



[0112] The hole transport region may include a buffer layer.

[0113] In an embodiment, the buffer layer may compensate for an optical resonance distance according to a wavelength of light emitted from the emission layer, and thus, efficiency of a formed organic light-emitting device may be improved.

[0114] In an embodiment, an emission layer may be formed on the hole transport region by vacuum deposition, spin coating, casting, LB deposition, or the like. When the emission layer is formed by vacuum deposition or spin coating, the deposition or coating conditions may be similar to those applied in forming the hole injection layer although the deposition or coating conditions may vary according to a compound that is used to form the emission layer.

[0115] In an embodiment, when the hole transport region includes an electron blocking layer, a material for the electron blocking layer may be selected from materials for the hole transport region described above and materials for a host to be explained later. However, the material for the electron blocking layer is not limited thereto. For example, when the hole transport region includes an electron blocking layer, a material for the electron blocking layer may be mCP, which will be explained later.

[0116] The emission layer may include a host and a dopant, and the dopant may include the organometallic compound represented by Formula 1.

[0117] The host may include at least one selected from TPBi, TBADN, ADN (also referred to as "DNA"), CBP, CDBP, TCP, mCP, and Compounds H50 to H52:









[0118] When the organic light-emitting device is a full-color organic light-emitting device, the emission layer may be patterned into a red emission layer, a green emission layer, and a blue emission layer. In an embodiment, due to a stacked structure including a red emission layer, a green emission layer, and/or a blue emission layer, the emission layer may emit white light.

[0119] When the emission layer includes a host and a dopant, an amount of the dopant may be in a range of about 0.01 parts by weight to about 15 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the host, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0120] A thickness of the emission layer may be in a range of about 100 Å to about 1,000 Å, for example, about 200 Å to about 600 Å. When the thickness of the emission layer is within this range, excellent light-emission characteristics may be obtained without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0121] Then, an electron transport region may be disposed on the emission layer.

[0122] The electron transport region may include a hole blocking layer, an electron transport layer, an electron injection layer, or any combination thereof.

[0123] For example, the electron transport region may have a hole blocking layer/electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure or an electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure, but the structure of the electron transport region is not limited thereto. The electron transport layer may have a single-layered structure or a multi-layered structure including two or more different materials.

[0124] Conditions for forming the hole blocking layer, the electron transport layer, and the electron injection layer which constitute the electron transport region may be understood by referring to the conditions for forming the hole injection layer.

[0125] When the electron transport region includes a hole blocking layer, the hole blocking layer may include, for example, at least one of BCP, Bphen, and BAlq but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.



[0126] A thickness of the hole blocking layer may be in a range of about 20 Å to about 1,000 Å, for example, about 30 Å to about 300 Å. When the thickness of the hole blocking layer is within these ranges, the hole blocking layer may have improved hole blocking ability without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0127] The electron transport layer may further include at least one selected from BCP, Bphen, Alq3, BAlq, TAZ, and NTAZ.





[0128] In an embodiment, the electron transport layer may include at least one selected from ET1 to ET25, but are not limited thereto:

















[0129] A thickness of the electron transport layer may be in a range of about 100 Å to about 1,000 Å, for example, about 150 Å to about 500 Å. When the thickness of the electron transport layer is within the range described above, the electron transport layer may have satisfactory electron transport characteristics without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0130] Also, the electron transport layer may further include, in addition to the materials described above, a metal-containing material.

[0131] The metal-containing material may include a Li complex. The Li complex may include, for example, Compound ET-D1 (lithium 8-hydroxylquinolate, LiQ)or ET-D2.



[0132] The electron transport region may include an electron injection layer that promotes flow of electrons from the second electrode 19 thereinto.

[0133] The electron injection layer may include at least one selected from LiF, NaCl, CsF, Li2O, and BaO.

[0134] The thickness of the electron injection layer may be in a range of about 1 Å to about 100 Å, for example, about 3 Å to about 90 Å. When the thickness of the electron injection layer is within the range described above, the electron injection layer may have satisfactory electron injection characteristics without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0135] The second electrode 19 may be disposed on the organic layer 15. The second electrode 19 may be a cathode. The material for forming the second electrode 19 may be selected from a metal, an alloy, an electrically conductive compound, or a combination thereof, which have a relatively low work function. For example, lithium (Li), magnesium (Mg), aluminum (Al), aluminum-lithium (Al-Li), calcium (Ca), magnesium-indium (Mg-In), or magnesium-silver (Mg-Ag) may be used as a material for forming the second electrode 19. In an embodiment, to manufacture a top-emission type light-emitting device, a transmissive electrode formed using ITO or IZO may be used as the second electrode 19.

[0136] Another aspect of the present disclosure provides a diagnostic composition including at least one organometallic compound represented by Formula 1.

[0137] The organometallic compound represented by Formula 1 provides high luminescence efficiency. Accordingly, a diagnostic composition including the organometallic compound may have high diagnostic efficiency.

[0138] The diagnostic composition may be used in various applications including a diagnosis kit, a diagnosis reagent, a biosensor, and a biomarker.

[0139] Hereinbefore, the organometallic compound, the organic light-emitting device as described with reference to the FIGURE, and a diagnostic composition including the organometallic compound have been described, but embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited thereto.

[0140] The term "C1-C60 alkyl group" as used herein refers to a linear or branched saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon monovalent group having 1 to 60 carbon atoms, and non-limiting examples thereof include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a propyl group, an isobutyl group, a sec-butyl group, a tert-butyl group, a pentyl group, an isoamyl group, and a hexyl group. The term "C1-C60 alkylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C1-C60 alkyl group.

[0141] The term "C1-C60 alkoxy group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group represented by -OA101 (wherein A101 is the C1-C60 alkyl group), and non-limiting examples thereof include a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, and an isopropyloxy group.

[0142] The term "C2-C60 alkenyl group" as used herein refers to a hydrocarbon group having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the middle or at the terminus of the C2-C60 alkyl group, and examples thereof include an ethenyl group, a propenyl group, and a butenyl group. The term "C2-C60 alkenylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C2-C60 alkenyl group.

[0143] The term "C2-C60 alkynyl group" as used herein refers to a hydrocarbon group having at least one carbon-carbon triple bond in the middle or at the terminus of the C2-C60 alkyl group, and examples thereof include an ethynyl group, and a propynyl group. The term "C2-C60 alkynylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C2-C60 alkynyl group.

[0144] The term "C3-C10 cycloalkyl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent saturated hydrocarbon monocyclic group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, and non-limiting examples thereof include a cyclopropyl group, a cyclobutyl group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, and a cycloheptyl group. The term "C3-C10 cycloalkylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C3-C10 cycloalkyl group.

[0145] The term "C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent saturated monocyclic group having at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, P, Si and S as a ring-forming atom and 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and non-limiting examples thereof include a tetrahydrofuranyl group, and a tetrahydrothiophenyl group. The term "C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group.

[0146] The term "C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent monocyclic group that has 3 to 10 carbon atoms and at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the ring thereof and no aromaticity, and non-limiting examples thereof include a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, and a cycloheptenyl group. The term "C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group.

[0147] The term "C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent monocyclic group that has at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, P, Si, and S as a ring-forming atom, 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and at least one double bond in its ring. Examples of the C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group are a 2,3-dihydrofuranyl group, and a 2,3-dihydrothiophenyl group. The term "C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group.

[0148] The term "C6-C60 aryl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group having a carbocyclic aromatic system having 6 to 60 carbon atoms, and the term "C6-C60 arylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having a carbocyclic aromatic system having 6 to 60 carbon atoms. Non-limiting examples of the C6-C60 aryl group include a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthracenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, a pyrenyl group, and a chrysenyl group. When the C6-C60 aryl group and the C6-C60 arylene group each include two or more rings, the rings may be fused to each other.

[0149] The term "C1-C60 heteroaryl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group having a heterocyclic aromatic system that has at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, P, Si, and S as a ring-forming atom, and 1 to 60 carbon atoms. The term "C1-C60 heteroarylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having a heterocyclic aromatic system that has at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, P, Si and S as a ring-forming atom, and 1 to 60 carbon atoms. Non-limiting examples of the C1-C60 heteroaryl group include a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, and an isoquinolinyl group. When the C1-C60 heteroaryl group and the C1-C60 heteroarylene group each include two or more rings, the rings may be fused to each other.

[0150] The term "C6-C60 aryloxy group" used herein indicates -OA102 (wherein A102 is the C6-C60 aryl group), and a C6-C60 arylthio group used herein indicates -SA103 (wherein A103 is the C6-C60 aryl group).

[0151] The term "monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group (for example, having 8 to 60 carbon atoms) having two or more rings condensed with each other, only carbon atoms are used as ring-forming atoms, and having no aromaticity present in the entire molecular structure. Examples of the monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group include a fluorenyl group. The term "divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group.

[0152] The term "monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group (for example, having 2 to 60 carbon atoms) having two or more rings condensed with each other, a heteroatom selected from N, O, P, Si, and S, other than carbon atoms, as a ring-forming atom, and having no aromaticity present in its entire molecular structure. Non-limiting examples of the monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group include a carbazolyl group. The term "divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

[0153] The term "C5-C30 carbocyclic group" as used herein refers to a saturated or unsaturated cyclic group having, as a ring-forming atom, 5 to 30 carbon atoms only. The C5-C30 carbocyclic group may be a monocyclic group or a polycyclic group.

[0154] The term "C1-C30 heterocyclic group" as used herein refers to a saturated or unsaturated cyclic group having, as a ring-forming atom, at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, Si, P, and S other than 1 to 30 carbon atoms. The C1-C30 heterocyclic group may be a monocyclic group or a polycyclic group.

[0155] At least one substituent of the substituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group, the substituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group, the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, the substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, the substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, the substituted C7-C60 arylalkyl group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, the substituted C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group may each independently be:

deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, or a C1-C60 alkoxy group;

a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, or a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -N(Q11)(Q12),-Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), -B(Q16)(Q17), and -P(=O)(Q18)(Q19);

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3,-CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -N(Q21)(Q22),-Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), -B(Q26)(Q27), and -P(=O)(Q28)(Q29); or

-N(Q31)(Q32), -Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), -B(Q36)(Q37) or -P(=O)(Q38)(Q39), and

Q1 to Q9, Q11 to Q19, Q21 to Q29, and Q31 to Q39, as used herein, may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryl group substituted with at least one selected from a C1-C60 alkyl group and a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.



[0156] When a group containing a specified number of carbon atoms is substituted with any of the groups listed in the preceding paragraphs, the number of carbon atoms in the resulting "substituted" group is defined as the sum of the carbon atoms contained in the original (unsubstituted) group and the carbon atoms (if any) contained in the substituent. For example, when the term "substituted C1-C30 alkyl" refers to a C1-C30 alkyl group substituted with C6-C30 aryl group, the total number of carbon atoms in the resulting aryl substituted alkylene group is C7-C60.

[0157] The expressions * and *' as used herein each indicate a binding site to a neighboring atom, unless otherwise stated.

[0158] Hereinafter, a compound and an organic light-emitting device according to embodiments are described in detail with reference to Synthesis Example and Examples. However, the organic light-emitting device is not limited thereto. The wording "B was used instead of A" used in describing Synthesis Examples means that an amount of A used was identical to an amount of B used, in terms of a molar equivalent.

EXAMPLES


Synthesis Example 1 (Compound 13)


Synthesis of Compound 13A



[0159] 



[0160] 4-isobutyl-2-phenyl-5-(trimethylsilyl)pyridine (8.0 grams (g), 28.2 millimoles (mmol)) and iridium chloride trihydrate (4.4 g, 12.5 mmol) were mixed with 120 mL of ethoxyethanol and 40 mL of distilled water and stirred for 24 hours under reflux, and the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature. A solid generated therefrom was filtered, separated, and sufficiently washed with water, methanol, and hexane in order. The solid was dried in a vacuum oven to obtain 5.5 g (yield of 55 %) of Compound 13A.

Synthesis of Compound 13B



[0161] 



[0162] Compound 13A (1.7 g, 1.0 mmol) and 45 mL of methylene chloride were mixed, and AgOTf (0.54 g, 2.1 mmol) was dissolved in 15 mL of methanol and added thereto. Then, the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 18 hours in a state in which light was blocked with an aluminium foil. A solid generated by filtering the reaction mixture by using celite was removed, and a filtrate was evaporated under a reduced pressure to obtain a solid (Compound 13B), which was used for a next reaction without additional purification.

Synthesis of Compound 13



[0163] 



[0164] Compound 13B (1.8 g, 1.9 mmol) and 5-methyl-2,4-diphenylpyridine (0.6 g, 2.3 mmol) were mixed with 40 mL of ethanol and stirred for 18 hours under reflux, and the reaction mixture was cooled. A mixture obtained therefrom was filtered to obtain a solid. The solid was sufficiently washed with ethanol and hexane, and column chromatography was performed in a methylene chloride:hexane solvent system to obtain 0.8 g (yield of 41 %) of Compound 13. Compound 13 was identified by high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) and HPLC analysis.

[0165] HRMS (matrix assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI)) calculated for C54H62IrN3Si2: m/z 1001.4112, found: 1001.4107.

Synthesis Example 2 (Compound 163)



[0166] 



[0167] 0.6 g (yield of 32 %) of Compound 163 was obtained in the same manner as used to synthesize Compound 13 of Synthesis Example 1, except that 2,4-diphenyl-5-(trimethylsilyl)pyridine was used instead of 5-methyl-2,4-diphenylpyridine. Compound 163 was identified by HRMS and HPLC analysis.

[0168] HRMS (MALDI) calculated for C56H68IrN3Si3: m/z 1059.4350, found: 1059.4358.

Synthesis Example 3 (Compound 193)



[0169] 



[0170] 0.9 g (yield of 47 %) of Compound 193 was obtained in the same manner as used to synthesize Compound 13 of Synthesis Example 1, except that 2-(dibenzo[b,d]furan-2-yl)-5-methyl-4-phenylpyridine was used instead of 5-methyl-2,4-diphenylpyridine. Compound 193 was identified by HRMS and HPLC analysis.

Synthesis Example 4: Synthesis of Compound 358


Synthesis of Compound 358A



[0171] 



[0172] 3.2 g (yield of 52 %) of Compound 358A was obtained in the same manner as used to synthesize Compound 13A of Synthesis Example 1, except that 4-(cyclopentylmethyl-D2)-2-phenyl-5-(trimethylsilyl)pyridine was used instead of 4-isobutyl-2-phenyl-5-(trimethylsilyl)pyridine. Compound 358A was identified by HRMS and HPLC analysis.

Synthesis of Compound 358B



[0173] 



[0174] Compound 358B was obtained in the same manner as used to synthesize Compound 13B of Synthesis Example 1, except that Compound 358A was used instead of Compound 13A. Compound 358B was used for a next reaction without additional purification.

Synthesis of Compound 358



[0175] 



[0176] 0.5 g (yield of 26 %) of Compound 358 was obtained in the same manner as used to synthesize Compound 13 of Synthesis Example 1, except that Compound 358B was used instead of Compound 13B, and 4-isopropylphenyl)-5-methyl-2-phenylpyridine was used instead of 5-methyl-2,4-diphenylpyridine. Compound 358 was identified by HRMS and HPLC analysis.

[0177] HRMS (MALDI) calculated for C61H68D4IrN3Si2: m/z 1099.5145, found: 1099.5152.

Synthesis Example 5: Synthesis of Compound 371



[0178] 



[0179] 0.7 g (yield of 37 %) of Compound 371 was obtained in the same manner as used to synthesize Compound 13 of Synthesis Example 1, except that 4-methyl-D3-2,5-diphenylpyridine was used instead of 5-methyl-2,4-diphenylpyridine. Compound 371 was identified by HRMS and HPLC analysis.

[0180] HRMS (MALDI) calculated for C60H64IrN3Si2: m/z 1091.4217, found: 1091.4210.

Example 1



[0181] As an anode, a glass substrate, on which ITO/Ag/ITO were respectively deposited to thicknesses of 70 Å /1,000 Å /70 Å, was cut to a size of 50 mm x 50 mm x 0.5 mm, sonicated with isopropyl alcohol and deionized water each for 5 minutes, and then cleaned by exposure to ultraviolet irradiation and ozone for 30 minutes. Then, the glass substrate was provided to a vacuum deposition apparatus.

[0182] N-(2-Naphthyl)-N',N'-bis{4-[2-naphthyl(phenyl)amino]phenyl}-N-phenyl-1,4-benzenediamine (2-TNATA) was vacuum-deposited on the anode to form a hole injection layer having a thickness of 600 Å, and 4,4'-bis[N-(1-naphthyl)-N-phenylamino]biphenyl (NPB) was vacuum-deposited on the hole injection layer to form a hole transport layer having a thickness of 1,350 Å.

[0183] Then, 9,9'-(4,4'-Biphenyldiyl)bis(9H-carbazole) (CBP) (host) and Compound 13 (dopant) were co-deposited on the hole transport layer at a weight ratio of 98:2 to form an emission layer having a thickness of 400 Å.

[0184] Then, 2,9-Dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP) was vacuum-deposited on the emission layer to form a hole blocking layer having a thickness of 50 Å, Alq3 was vacuum-deposited on the hole blocking layer to form an electron transport layer having a thickness of 350 Å, LiF was vacuum-deposited on the electron transport layer to form an electron injection layer having a thickness of 10 Å, and Mg and Ag were co-deposited on the electron injection layer at a weight ratio of 90:10 to form a cathode having a thickness of 120 Å, thereby completing the manufacture of an organic light-emitting device.




Examples 2 to 5 and Comparative Examples A and B



[0185] Organic light-emitting devices were manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1, except that Compounds shown in Table 2 were each used instead of Compound 13 as a dopant in forming an emission layer.

Evaluation Example 2: Evaluation of characteristics of organic light-emitting devices



[0186] The driving voltage (Volts, V), maximum value (Max EQE) of external quantum efficiency (%), roll-off ratio, full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the main peak of electroluminescence (EL) spectrum (nanometers, nm), maximum emission wavelength (nm), and lifespan (T97) of the organic light-emitting devices manufactured according to Examples 1 to 5 and Comparative Examples A and B were evaluated, and results thereof are shown in Table 2. A current-voltage meter (Keithley 2400) and a luminance meter (Minolta Cs-1000A) were used as an evaluation apparatus. The lifespan (T97) (at 3,500 nit or 3,500 candela per square meter) indicates an amount of time (hours, hr) that lapsed when luminance was 97 % of initial luminance (100 %), and was expressed as a relative value (%). The roll-off ratio was calculated by using Equation 20:

Table 2
 Dopant compoundDriving voltage (V)Max EQE (%)Roll-Off ratio (%)FWHM (nm)Maximum emission wavelength (nm)Lifespan (relative value, %) (at 3,500 nit)
Example 1 13 3.9 23.9 18 66 522 130
Example 2 163 3.9 24.2 16 65 518 150
Example 3 193 3.8 22.9 19 69 521 118
Example 4 358 4.0 23.8 16 62 516 150
Example 5 371 4.0 22.3 21 68 520 105
Comparative Example A A 4.6 17.3 28 81 524 47
Comparative Example B B 4.5 19.4 26 73 519 96

Dopant compounds:



[0187] 





[0188] From Table 2, it is confirmed that the organic light-emitting devices of Examples 1 to 5 have improved driving voltage, external quantum efficiency, roll-off ratio, and lifespan characteristics, as compared with those of the organic light-emitting devices of Comparative Examples A and B.

[0189] Since the organometallic compound has excellent electric characteristics and heat resistance, an electronic device, for example, an organic light-emitting device, which includes the organometallic compound, may have improved driving voltage, current density, efficiency, power, color purity, and/or lifespan characteristics. In addition, because the organometallic compound has excellent phosphorescence characteristics, a diagnostic composition having high diagnostic efficiency may be provided by using the organometallic compound.

[0190] It should be understood that embodiments described herein should be considered in a descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation. Descriptions of features or aspects within each embodiment should typically be considered as available for other similar features or aspects in other embodiments.

[0191] While an embodiment have been described with reference to the figures, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as defined by the following claims.


Claims

1. An organometallic compound represented by Formula 1:

         Formula 1     M(L1)n1(L2)n2,

wherein, in Formula 1,

M is a transition metal,

L1 is a ligand represented by Formula 2A,

n1 is 1 or 2, wherein, when n1 is 2, two groups L1 are identical to or different from each other,

L2 is a ligand represented by Formula 2B,

n2 is 1 or 2, wherein, when n2 is 2, two group L2 are identical to or different from each other,

the sum of n1 and n2 is 2 or 3, and

L1 and L2 are different from each other:

wherein, in Formulae 2A and 2B,

X1 is C, N, Si, or P,

ring CY1, ring CY2, and ring CY14 are each independently a C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group,

R1 to R3 are each independently a C1-C60 alkyl group or a C6-C60 aryl group, each independently unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, and a C1-C10 alkyl group,

Z1 to Z3 and R11 to R14 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -CI, -Br, -I, -SF5, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -N(Q1)(Q2),
-Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -B(Q6)(Q7), and-P(=O)(Q8)(Q9), wherein R12 is neither hydrogen nor a methyl group,

a1 is an integer from 0 to 3, wherein, when a1 is two or more, two or more groups Z1 are identical to or different from each other,

a2, a3, and b1 are each independently an integer from 0 to 20, wherein, when a2 is two or more, two or more groups Z2 are identical to or different from each other, when a3 is two or more, two or more groups Z3 are identical to or different from each other, and when b1 is two or more, two or more groups R14 are identical to or different from each other,

c1 is an integer from 1 to 4, wherein, when c1 is 2 or more, two or more groups represented by

are identical to or different from each other,

when a1 is two or more, two or more groups Z1 in the number of c1 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

when a2 is two or more, two or more groups Z2 in the number of a2 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

when a3 is two or more, two or more groups Z3 in the number of a3 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

R12 and R13 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

when b1 is two or more, two or more groups R14(s) in the number of b1 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more substituents selected from Z1 and Z2 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more substituents selected from R11 to R14 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one of R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

R10a is selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -SF5, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,-N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -B(Q6)(Q7), and -P(=O)(Q8)(Q9),

* and *' in Formulae 2A and 2B each indicate a binding site to M in Formula 1,

at least one substituent of the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, the substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, the substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, the substituted C7-C60 arylalkyl group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, the substituted C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group are each independently selected from:

deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, or C1-C60 alkoxy group;

a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, or a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -N(Q11)(Q12), -Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), -B(Q16)(Q17), and -P(=O)(Q18)(Q19);

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3,-CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C7-C60 arylalkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 heteroarylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroarylalkyl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -N(Q21)(Q22),-Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), -B(Q26)(Q27), and
-P(=O)(Q28)(Q29); and

-N(Q31)(Q32), -Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), -B(Q36)(Q37), or -P(=O)(Q38)(Q39); and

Q1 to Q9, Q11 to Q19, Q21 to Q29, and Q31 to Q39 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryl group substituted with at least one selected from a C1-C60 alkyl group and a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.


 
2. The organometallic compound of claim 1, wherein,
in Formula 1, M is Ir, and the sum of n1 and n2 is 3; or
in Formula 1, M is Pt, and the sum of n1 and n2 is 2.
 
3. The organometallic compound of claims 1 or 2, wherein,
in Formulae 2A and 2B, ring CY1, ring CY2, and ring CY14 are each independently selected from a cyclopentane group, a cyclohexane group, a cycloheptane group, a cyclopentene group, a cyclohexene group, a cycloheptene group, a benzene group, a naphthalene group, an anthracene group, a phenanthrene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a cyclopentadiene group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene group, a thiophene group, a furan group, an indole group, a benzoborole group, a benzophosphole group, an indene group, a benzosilole group, a benzogermole group, a benzothiophene group, a benzoselenophene group, a benzofuran group, a carbazole group, a dibenzoborole group, a dibenzophosphole group, a fluorene group, a dibenzosilole group, a dibenzogermole group, a dibenzothiophene group, a dibenzoselenophene group, a dibenzofuran group, a dibenzothiophene 5-oxide group, a 9H-fluorene-9-one group, a dibenzothiophene 5,5-dioxide group, an azaindole group, an azabenzoborole group, an azabenzophosphole group, an azaindene group, an azabenzosilole group, an azabenzogermole group, an azabenzothiophene group, an azabenzoselenophene group, an azabenzofuran group, an azacarbazole group, an azadibenzoborole group, an azadibenzophosphole group, an azafluorene group, an azadibenzosilole group, an azadibenzogermole group, an azadibenzothiophene group, an azadibenzoselenophene group, an azadibenzofuran group, an azadibenzothiophene 5-oxide group, an aza-9H-fluorene-9-one group, an azadibenzothiophene 5,5-dioxide group, a pyridine group, a pyrimidine group, a pyrazine group, a pyridazine group, a triazine group, a quinoline group, an isoquinoline group, a quinoxaline group, a quinazoline group, a phenanthroline group, a pyrrole group, a pyrazole group, an imidazole group, a triazole group, an oxazole group, an isoxazole group, a thiazole group, an isothiazole group, an oxadiazole group, a thiadiazole group, a benzopyrazole group, a benzimidazole group, a benzoxazole group, a benzothiazole group, a benzoxadiazole group, a benzothiadiazole group, a 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroisoquinoline group, and a 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinoline group; and/or
wherein,
in Formula 2B, R1 to R3 are each independently selected from a methyl group, an ethyl group, an n-propyl group, an isopropyl group, an n-butyl group, a sec-butyl group, an isobutyl group, a tert-butyl group, an n-pentyl group, a tert-pentyl group, a neopentyl group, an isopentyl group, a sec-pentyl group, a 3-pentyl group, a sec-isopentyl group, an n-hexyl group, an isohexyl group, a sec-hexyl group, a tert-hexyl group, an n-heptyl group, an isoheptyl group, a sec-heptyl group, a tert-heptyl group, an n-octyl group, an isooctyl group, a sec-octyl group, a tert-octyl group, an n-nonyl group, an isononyl group, a sec-nonyl group, a tert-nonyl group, an n-decyl group, an isodecyl group, a sec-decyl group, a tert-decyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, or a naphthyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof and a C1-C10 alkyl group.
 
4. The organometallic compound of any of claims 1-3, wherein,
in Formulae 2A and 2B, Z1 to Z3 and R11 to R14 are each independently selected from:

hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, -SF5, a C1-C20 alkyl group, or a C1-C20 alkoxy group;

a C1-C20 alkyl group and a C1-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H,-CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo[1.1.1]pentyl group, a bicyclo[2.1.1]hexyl group, a bicyclo[2.2.1]heptyl group, a bicyclo[2.2.2]octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, or a pyrimidinyl group;

a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, an azadibenzofuranyl group, or an azadibenzothiophenyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, an azadibenzofuranyl group, an azadibenzothiophenyl group, and-Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35); and

-N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), -B(Q6)(Q7), -P(=O)(Q8)(Q9), or -P(Q8)(Q9), wherein R12 is neither hydrogen nor a methyl group, and

Q1 to Q9 and Q33 to Q35 are each independently selected from:

-CH3, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CH2CH3, -CH2CD3, -CH2CD2H, -CH2CDH2,-CHDCH3, -CHDCD2H, -CHDCDH2, -CHDCD3, -CD2CD3, -CD2CD2H, or -CD2CDH2; and

an n-propyl group, an isopropyl group, an n-butyl group, a sec-butyl group, an isobutyl group, a tert-butyl group, an n-pentyl group, a tert-pentyl group, a neopentyl group, an isopentyl group, a sec-pentyl group, a 3-pentyl group, a sec-isopentyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, or a naphthyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, a C1-C10 alkyl group, or a phenyl group; and/or

wherein

R12 in Formula 2B is selected from:

a C2-C20 alkyl group or a C2-C20 alkoxy group;

a methyl group or a methoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, and a pyrimidinyl group;

a methyl group or a methoxy group, each substituted with i) at least one selected from a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, and a pyrimidinyl group, and ii) at least one deuterium;

a C2-C20 alkyl group or a C2-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H,-CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, and a pyrimidinyl group; and

a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, an azadibenzofuranyl group, or an azadibenzothiophenyl group, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cycloctyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a cycloheptenyl group, a bicyclo(1.1.1)pentyl group, a bicyclo(2.1.1)hexyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.1)heptyl group, a bicyclo(2.2.2)octyl group, a phenyl group, a (C1-C20 alkyl)phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyrrolyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, an azadibenzofuranyl group, and an azadibenzothiophenyl group.


 
5. The organometallic compound of any of claims 1-4, wherein,
in Formulae 2A and 2B, Z1 to Z3, R11, R13, and R14 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, a cyano group, a nitro group, -SF5, -CH3,-CD3, -CD2H, -CDH2, -CF3, -CF2H, -CFH2, groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66, groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66 wherein at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium, groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249, and groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249 wherein at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium, -N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), and -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), wherein Q1 to Q5 are each independently the same as in claim 1, and
R12 in Formula 2B is selected from groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66, groups represented by Formulae 9-1 to 9-66 wherein at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium, groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249, groups represented by Formulae 10-1 to 10-249 wherein at least one hydrogen is substituted with deuterium:





























































































wherein, in Formulae 9-1 to 9-66 and 10-1 to 10-249, * indicates a binding site to a neighboring atom, Ph indicates a phenyl group, and TMS indicates a trimethylsilyl group.
 
6. The organometallic compound of any of claims 1-5, wherein,
in Formula 2A, Z1 is selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, a cyano group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, -N(Q1)(Q2), -Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), and -Ge(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), wherein Q1 to Q5 are each independently the same as in claim 1.
 
7. The organometallic compound of any of claims 1-6, wherein c1 in Formula 2A is 1 or 2; and/or
wherein
the group represented by

in Formula 2A is a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY1(1) to CY1(20):





wherein, in Formulae CY1(1) to CY1(20),

Z3 is the same as described in claim 1,

X19 is O, S, N(Z4), C(Z4)(Z5), or Si(Z4)(Z5),

Z4 and Z5 are each independently the same as described in connection with Z3,

a12 is an integer from 0 to 2,

a13 is an integer from 0 to 3,

a14 is an integer from 0 to 4,

a15 is an integer from 0 to 5,

a17 is an integer from 0 to 7,

a19 is an integer from 0 to 9, and

* indicates a binding site to a neighboring carbon atom.


 
8. The organometallic compound of any of claims 1-7, wherein
the group represented by

in Formula 2A is a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY1-1 to CY1-56:





























wherein, in Formulae CY1-1 to CY1-56,

X1, ring CY1, Z3, and a3 are each independently the same as described in claim 1,

Z1a to Z1d are each independently the same as described in connection with Z1 in claim 1, wherein Z1a to Z1d are not hydrogen,

X11 and X12 are each independently the same as described in connection with X1 in claim 1,

ring CY11 and ring CY12 are each independently the same as described in connection with ring CY1 in claim 1,

Z31 and Z32 are each independently the same as described in connection with Z3 in claim 1,

a31 and a32 are each independently the same as described in connection with a3 in claim 1,

ring CY10a is a C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group,

R10a is the same as described in claim 1,

aa is an integer from 0 to 10,

* indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1, and

*" indicates a binding site to ring CY2 in Formula 2A.


 
9. The organometallic compound of any of claims 1-8, wherein
the group represented by

in Formula 2A is a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY2-1 to CY2-64:



























wherein, in Formulae CY2-1 to CY2-64,

Z2 is the same as described in claim 1,

X22 is C(Z22)(Z23), N(Z22), O, S, or Si(Z22)(Z23),

Z22 to Z29 are each independently the same as described in connection with Z2 in claim 1,

a28 is an integer from 0 to 8,

a26 is an integer from 0 to 6,

a25 is an integer from 0 to 5,

a24 is an integer from 0 to 4,

a23 is an integer from 0 to 3,

a22 is an integer from 0 to 2,

*" indicates a binding site to a carbon atom of a neighboring pyridine ring in Formula 2A, and

*' indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1.


 
10. The organometallic compound of any of claims 1-9, wherein
the group represented by

in Formula 2B is a group represented by one selected from Formulae CY14-1 to CY14-64:





























wherein, in Formulae CY14-1 to CY14-64,

R14 is the same as described in claim 1,

X14 is C(R1)(R2), N(R1), O, S, or Si(R1)(R2),

R1 to R8 are each independently the same as described in connection with R14 in claim 1,

b18 is an integer from 0 to 8,

b16 is an integer from 0 to 6,

b15 is an integer from 0 to 5,

b14 is an integer from 0 to 4,

b13 is an integer from 0 to 3,

b12 is an integer from 0 to 2,

*" indicates a binding site to a carbon atom of a neighboring pyridine ring in Formula 2B, and

*' indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1.


 
11. The organometallic compound of any of claims 1-10, wherein
the organometallic compound is represented by Formula 1A:

wherein, in Formula 1A,

M, n1, n2, X1, ring CY1, R1 to R3, Z3, R11 to R13, and c1 are each independently the same as described in claim 1,

T11 is N, C(Z1a), or carbon linked to ring CY1, T12 is N, C(Z1b), or carbon linked to ring CY1, T13 is N, C(Z1c), or carbon linked to ring CY1, T14 is N, C(Z1d), or carbon linked to ring CY1, at least one selected from T11 to T14 is carbon linked to ring CY1, and Z1a to Z1d are each independently the same as described in connection with Z1 in claim 1,

T21 is N or C(Z2a), T22 is N or C(Z2b), T23 is N or C(Z2c), T24 is N or C(Z2d), and Z2a to Z2d are each independently the same as described in connection with Z2 in claim 1,

T31 is N or C(R14a), T32 is N or C(R14b), T33 is N or C(R14c), T34 is N or C(R14d), and R14a to R14d are each independently the same as described in connection with R14 in claim 1,

two or more groups Z1a to Z1d are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more groups Z2a to Z2d are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

when a3 is two or more, two or more groups Z3 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

R12 and R13 are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more groups R14a to R14d are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

two or more groups Z1a to Z1d, Z2a to Z2d, R11 to R13, and R14a to R14d are optionally linked to form a C5-C30 carbocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group that is unsubstituted or substituted with at least one R10a,

R10a is the same as described in claim 1,

the bonds beteween N and M are coordinate bonds, and

the bonds between C and M are covalent bonds.


 
12. The organometallic compound of claim 1, wherein
the organometallic compound is one selected from Compounds 1 to 420:








































































































































































 
13. An organic light-emitting device comprising:

a first electrode,

a second electrode, and

an organic layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and comprising an emission layer,

wherein the organic layer comprises at least one organometallic compound of any of claims 1-12;

preferably wherein

the first electrode is an anode,

the second electrode is a cathode,

the organic layer further comprises a hole transport region disposed between the first electrode and the emission layer and an electron transport region disposed between the emission layer and the second electrode,

the hole transport region comprises a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, an electron blocking layer, a buffer layer, or a combination thereof, and

the electron transport region comprises a hole blocking layer, an electron transport layer, an electron injection layer, or a combination thereof.


 
14. The organic light-emitting device of claim 13, wherein
the emission layer comprises the at least one organometallic compound;
preferably wherein
the emission layer further comprises a host, and an amount of the host is greater than an amount of the at least one organometallic compound.
 
15. A diagnostic composition comprising the organometallic compound of any of claims 1-12.
 




Drawing







Search report









Search report