(19)
(11)EP 3 663 532 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 19213881.6

(22)Date of filing:  05.12.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 11/08(2006.01)
F01D 25/24(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 05.12.2018 US 201816210243

(71)Applicant: United Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • JOHNSON, Dean W.
    Springvale, ME 04083 (US)
  • CLARK, Thomas E.
    Sanford, ME 04073 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)

  


(54)BOAS CONTROL STRUCTURE WITH CENTER SUPPORT HOOK


(57) A turbine section (28) for a gas turbine engine (20) includes a turbine blade (102) that extends radially outwardly to a radially outer tip (103) and for rotation about an axis of rotation (A). A support structure (110) is arranged circumferentially about the axis of rotation (A) and has a plurality of attachment members (150) that extend radially inwardly. A blade outer air seal (106) has a plurality of segments (105) mounted in the support structure (110). Each segment (105) has a first wall (120) circumferentially spaced from a second wall (122). The first and second walls (120, 122) are joined to a base portion (124) and an outer wall (126) to define a passage (128) that extends axially along the segment (105).




Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] This application relates to a ceramic matrix composite blade outer air seal.

[0002] Gas turbine engines are known and typically include a compressor compressing air and delivering it into a combustor. The air is mixed with fuel in the combustor and ignited. Products of the combustion pass downstream over turbine rotors, driving them to rotate.

[0003] It is desirable to ensure that the bulk of the products of combustion pass over turbine blades on the turbine rotor. As such, it is known to provide blade outer air seals radially outwardly of the blades. Blade outer air seals have been proposed made of ceramic matrix composite fiber layers.

SUMMARY



[0004] In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, a turbine section for a gas turbine engine includes a turbine blade that extends radially outwardly to a radially outer tip and for rotation about an axis of rotation. A support structure is arranged circumferentially about the axis of rotation and has a plurality of attachment members that extend radially inwardly. A blade outer air seal has a plurality of segments mounted in the support structure. Each segment has a first wall circumferentially spaced from a second wall. The first and second walls are joined to a base portion and an outer wall to define a passage that extends axially along the segment.

[0005] In an embodiment of the above, each of the plurality of attachment members has the same position in the axial direction.

[0006] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the support structure has a first hook aft of the attachment members and a second hook forward of the attachment members.

[0007] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the first and second hooks are continuous structures about the axis of rotation.

[0008] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the attachment member includes an anti-rotation feature at a radially innermost portion of the support structure.

[0009] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the attachment member has a narrower portion radially outward of the anti-rotation feature.

[0010] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the anti-rotation feature is within the passage.

[0011] In a further embodiment of any of the above, each segment has a slot and the anti-rotation feature is sized to fit into the slot.

[0012] In a further embodiment of any of the above, a retaining ring engages the support structure and the blade outer air seal.

[0013] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the retaining ring is a unitary ring arranged about the axis of rotation.

[0014] In a further embodiment of any of the above, a first retaining ring is axially forward of the attachment member. A second retaining ring is axially aft of the attachment member.

[0015] In a further embodiment of any of the above, a number of the attachment members is equal to a number of segments.

[0016] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the blade outer air seal is a ceramic matrix composite material.

[0017] In accordance with a second aspect of the present invention, a method of assembling a blade outer air seal assembly includes providing a blade outer air seal that has a first wall circumferentially spaced from a second wall. The first and second walls extend outward from a base portion and are connected by an outer wall to define a passage that extends in an axial direction along the base portion and a slot in the outer wall. The blade outer air seal is mounted over a member of a support structure by sliding the member through the slot in a radial direction. The blade outer air seal is secured to the support structure with a retaining ring installed in an axial direction.

[0018] In an embodiment of the above, the retaining ring has an axially extending portion that is inserted into the passage during the securing step.

[0019] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the retaining ring is installed axially forward near a trailing edge of the blade outer air seal. A second retaining ring is installed axially backward near a leading edge of the blade outer air seal.

[0020] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the support structure has a first hook aft of the member and a second hook forward of the member. The retaining ring engages the first hook and the second retaining ring engages the second hook.

[0021] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the member includes an anti-rotation feature at a radially innermost portion of the support structure. The anti-rotation feature is sized to fit through the slot.

[0022] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the retaining ring has a notch that engages the support structure member inside of the passage.

[0023] In a further embodiment of any of the above, the blade outer air seal is a ceramic matrix composite material.

[0024] These and other features may be best understood from the following drawings and specification.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0025] 

Figure 1 schematically shows a gas turbine engine.

Figure 2 shows a turbine section.

Figure 3A shows an exemplary blade outer air seal.

Figure 3B shows a top view of a blade outer air seal.

Figure 3C shows a cross section of a blade outer air seal.

Figure 3D shows a cross section of a blade outer air seal.

Figure 4 shows a detail of a blade outer air seal.

Figure 5A shows a cross section of a blade outer air seal.

Figure 5B shows a cross section of a blade outer air seal.

Figure 5C shows a cross-section of a detail of a blade outer air seal.

Figure 6A shows an exemplary blade outer air seal assembly.

Figure 6B shows an exemplary blade outer air seal assembly.

Figure 7 shows a portion of an exemplary blade outer air seal assembly.

Figure 8A shows a method step of assembling a blade outer air seal assembly.

Figure 8B shows a subsequent method step of assembling a blade outer air seal assembly.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0026] Figure 1 schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine 20. The gas turbine engine 20 is disclosed herein as a two-spool turbofan that generally incorporates a fan section 22, a compressor section 24, a combustor section 26 and a turbine section 28. The fan section 22 drives air along a bypass flow path B in a bypass duct defined within a nacelle 15, and also drives air along a core flow path C for compression and communication into the combustor section 26 then expansion through the turbine section 28. Although depicted as a two-spool turbofan gas turbine engine in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment, it should be understood that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with two-spool turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines including three-spool architectures.

[0027] The exemplary engine 20 generally includes a low speed spool 30 and a high speed spool 32 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A relative to an engine static structure 36 via several bearing systems 38. It should be understood that various bearing systems 38 at various locations may alternatively or additionally be provided, and the location of bearing systems 38 may be varied as appropriate to the application.

[0028] The low speed spool 30 generally includes an inner shaft 40 that interconnects, a first (or low) pressure compressor 44 and a first (or low) pressure turbine 46. The inner shaft 40 is connected to the fan 42 through a speed change mechanism, which in exemplary gas turbine engine 20 is illustrated as a geared architecture 48 to drive a fan 42 at a lower speed than the low speed spool 30. The high speed spool 32 includes an outer shaft 50 that interconnects a second (or high) pressure compressor 52 and a second (or high) pressure turbine 54. A combustor 56 is arranged in exemplary gas turbine 20 between the high pressure compressor 52 and the high pressure turbine 54. A mid-turbine frame 57 of the engine static structure 36 may be arranged generally between the high pressure turbine 54 and the low pressure turbine 46. The mid-turbine frame 57 further supports bearing systems 38 in the turbine section 28. The inner shaft 40 and the outer shaft 50 are concentric and rotate via bearing systems 38 about the engine central longitudinal axis A which is collinear with their longitudinal axes.

[0029] The core airflow is compressed by the low pressure compressor 44 then the high pressure compressor 52, mixed and burned with fuel in the combustor 56, then expanded over the high pressure turbine 54 and low pressure turbine 46. The mid-turbine frame 57 includes airfoils 59 which are in the core airflow path C. The turbines 46, 54 rotationally drive the respective low speed spool 30 and high speed spool 32 in response to the expansion. It will be appreciated that each of the positions of the fan section 22, compressor section 24, combustor section 26, turbine section 28, and fan drive gear system 48 may be varied. For example, gear system 48 may be located aft of the low pressure compressor, or aft of the combustor section 26 or even aft of turbine section 28, and fan 42 may be positioned forward or aft of the location of gear system 48.

[0030] The engine 20 in one example is a high-bypass geared aircraft engine. In a further example, the engine 20 bypass ratio is greater than about six, with an example embodiment being greater than about ten, the geared architecture 48 is an epicyclic gear train, such as a planetary gear system or other gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3 and the low pressure turbine 46 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five. In one disclosed embodiment, the engine 20 bypass ratio is greater than about ten, the fan diameter is significantly larger than that of the low pressure compressor 44, and the low pressure turbine 46 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five. Low pressure turbine 46 pressure ratio is pressure measured prior to inlet of low pressure turbine 46 as related to the pressure at the outlet of the low pressure turbine 46 prior to an exhaust nozzle. The geared architecture 48 may be an epicycle gear train, such as a planetary gear system or other gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3:1 and less than about 5:1. It should be understood, however, that the above parameters are only exemplary of one embodiment of a geared architecture engine and that the present invention is applicable to other gas turbine engines including direct drive turbofans.

[0031] A significant amount of thrust is provided by the bypass flow B due to the high bypass ratio. The fan section 22 of the engine 20 is designed for a particular flight condition -- typically cruise at about 0.8 Mach and about 35,000 feet (10,668 meters). The flight condition of 0.8 Mach and 35,000 ft (10,668 meters), with the engine at its best fuel consumption - also known as "bucket cruise Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption ('TSFC')" - is the industry standard parameter of lbm of fuel being burned divided by lbf of thrust the engine produces at that minimum point. "Low fan pressure ratio" is the pressure ratio across the fan blade alone, without a Fan Exit Guide Vane ("FEGV") system. The low fan pressure ratio as disclosed herein according to one non-limiting embodiment is less than about 1.45. "Low corrected fan tip speed" is the actual fan tip speed in ft/sec divided by an industry standard temperature correction of [(Tram °R) / (518.7 °R)]0.5 (where °R = K x 9/5). The "Low corrected fan tip speed" as disclosed herein according to one non-limiting embodiment is less than about 1150 ft / second (350.5 meters/second).

[0032] Figure 2 shows a portion of a turbine section 28, which may be incorporated into a gas turbine engine such as the one shown in Figure 1. However, it should be understood that other sections of the gas turbine engine 20 or other gas turbine engines, and even gas turbine engines not having a fan section at all, could benefit from this disclosure.

[0033] A turbine blade 102 has a radially outer tip 103 that is spaced from a blade outer air seal assembly 104 with a blade outer air seal ("BOAS") 106. The BOAS 106 may be made up of a plurality of seal segments 105 that are circumferentially arranged in an annulus about the central axis A of the engine 20. The BOAS seal segments 105 may be monolithic bodies that are formed of a high thermal-resistance, low-toughness material, such as a ceramic matrix composite ("CMC").

[0034] The BOAS 106 may be mounted to an engine case or structure, such as engine static structure 36 via a control ring or support structure 110. The engine structure 36 may extend for a full 360° about the engine axis A. The engine structure 36 may support the support structure 110 via a hook or other attachment means.

[0035] Figures 3A-3D illustrate an exemplary BOAS seal segment 105. As can be seen in Figure 3A, each seal segment 105 is a body that defines radially inner and outer sides R1, R2, respectively, first and second axial sides A1, A2, respectively, and first and second circumferential sides C1, C2, respectively. The radially inner side R1 faces in a direction toward the engine central axis A. The radially inner side R1 is thus the gas path side of the seal segment 105 that bounds a portion of the core flow path C. The first axial side A1 faces in a forward direction toward the front of the engine 20 (i.e., toward the fan 42), and the second axial side A2 faces in an aft direction toward the rear of the engine 20 (i.e., toward the exhaust end). That is, the first axial side A1 corresponds to a leading edge 99, and the second axial side A2 corresponds to a trailing edge 101.

[0036] In the illustrated example, the BOAS seal segment 105 includes a first circumferential wall 120 and a second circumferential wall 122 that extend radially outward from a base portion 124. The base portion 124 extends between the leading edge 99 and the trailing edge 101 and defines a gas path on a radially inner side and a non-gas path on a radially outer side. An outer wall 126 extends between the first and second circumferential walls 120, 122. The outer wall 126 includes a generally constant thickness and constant position in the radial direction such that an outer surface of the outer wall 126 is generally planar. In this disclosure, forward, aft, upstream, downstream, axial, radial, or circumferential is in relation to the engine axis A unless stated otherwise. The base portion 124 extends circumferentially outward of the first and second walls 120, 122, and provides a flat surface for sealing of the BOAS leading and trailing edges 99, 101.

[0037] The first circumferential wall 120, the second circumferential wall 122, the outer wall 126, and the base portion 124 of the BOAS seal segment 105 define a passage 128 for accepting the support structure 110. The passage 128 extends along the seal segment 105 in an axial direction. The outer wall 126 includes a slot 130 for securing the BOAS seal segment 105 to the support structure 110. In an embodiment, the slot 130 is at a central location on the BOAS seal segment 105 in the axial direction. The slot 130 prevents rotation of the BOAS 106 after assembly. In the illustrated embodiment, the slot 130 is rectangular. However, others slot shapes may come within the scope of this disclosure, such as round or oblong slots. Further, although a single slot 130 is illustrated, multiple slots on a single seal segment 105 may come within the scope of this disclosure.

[0038] As is shown in Figure 4, and with continuing reference to Figures 3A-3D, the second circumferential side C2 includes a mating feature 140. The mating feature 140 extends radially outward from the base portion 124. The mating feature 140 also extends circumferentially beyond the seal segment 105A to form a hook that engages with a neighboring seal segment 105B. This mating feature 140 engages with an adjacent seal segment 105B in a "shiplap" manner. The mating feature 140 limits radial openings from the gas path. In some embodiments, a feather seal may be used instead of the mating feature 140 between circumferential ends C1, C2 of adjacent seal segments 105A, 105B. In further embodiments, a feather seal may be used in combination with the mating feature 140 for sealing between circumferential ends C1, C2 of adjacent seal segments 105A, 105B.

[0039] As shown in Figure 3B, the mating feature 140 has a width w1 in the axial direction that may be smaller than a width w2 of the base portion 124 in the axial direction. In some embodiments, the width w1 is equal to the width w2. The outer wall 126 has a width w3 in the axial direction. In an embodiment, the width w1 is about the same as the width w3. The outer wall width w3 is smaller than the base portion width w2. In an example, a ratio of the outer wall width w3 to the base portion width w2 is greater than about 0.5. In an embodiment, the mating feature 140 has a thickness t1 that is the same as a thickness t2 of the base portion 124.

[0040] As shown in further detail in Figures 5A-5C, the BOAS 106 is formed of a ceramic matrix composite ("CMC") material. Each BOAS seal segment 105 is formed of a plurality of CMC laminates 142. The laminates may be silicon carbide fibers, formed into a woven fabric in each layer. The fibers may be coated by a boron nitride. In other examples, the BOAS 106 may be made of a monolithic ceramic.

[0041] CMC components such as a BOAS seal segments 105 are formed by laying fiber material, such as laminate sheets, in tooling, injecting a liquid resin into the tooling, and curing to form a solid composite component. The component may be densified by adding additional material to further stiffen the laminates.

[0042] In an embodiment, the BOAS seal segment 105 is formed from two loops of CMC laminated plies. A center or first loop 144 defines the passage 128. The first loop 144 comprises the inner-most layers relative to the passage 128. In one example embodiment, the first loop 144 is formed from four laminated plies 142. The first loop 144 may be formed from laminates being wrapped around a core mandrel. The second loop 146 is formed about the first loop 144. The second loop 146 forms the outermost layers relative to the passage 128. The second loop 146 also forms the first and second circumferential sides C1, C2 circumferentially past the first and second walls 120, 122. In one example embodiment, the second loop 146 is formed from four laminated plies 142.

[0043] In an example embodiment, the BOAS seal segment 105 has a constant wall thickness of about 9 laminated plies, with each plie having a thickness of about 0.011 inches (0.279 mm). This structure may reduce thermal gradient stress. Although 9 laminated plies are illustrated, BOAS constructed of more or fewer plies may fall within the scope of this disclosure.

[0044] As shown in Figure 5C, the mating feature 140 on the second circumferential side C2 is formed of laminate plies 142. The mating feature 140 is formed of laminate plies 142 in the second loop 146. The mating feature 140 is integrally formed with the base portion 124.

[0045] As shown in Figures 6A-6B, the BOAS 106 is mounted to the engine via a support structure 110. The support structure 110 extends circumferentially about the engine central axis A, and holds the BOAS 106 radially outward of the turbine blades 102.

[0046] The support structure 110 has an attachment member 150 extending radially inward for engagement with the BOAS 106. In an embodiment, the attachment member 150 is centered on the support structure 110 in the axial direction. Each attachment member 150 may have the same position in the axial direction. Each attachment member 150 has a narrow portion 152 (in particular, narrower than the below described anti-rotation feature 155) that extends radially inward, and first and second portions 154, 156 that extend axially forward and aft of the narrow portion 152, respectively. The first and second portions 154, 156 form an anti-rotation feature 155 that corresponds to the shape of the slot 130. For example, the anti-rotation feature 155 may be rectangular to fit within a rectangular slot 130. The structure 110 has a plurality of discrete attachment members 150 circumferentially spaced about the structure 110. In an embodiment, there are an equal number of attachment members 150 as BOAS seal segments 105. However, in some embodiments, a seal segment 105 may have more than one slot 130, and thus additional attachment members 150 may be used.

[0047] The narrow portion 152 and first and second portions 154, 156 are configured to engage with retaining rings 180, 182. The support structure 110 also has an aft hook 158 and a forward hook 160. The forward hook 160 is axially forward of the attachment member 150, while the aft hook is axially aft of the attachment member 150. The aft and forward hooks 158, 160 are configured to engage with the retaining rings 180, 182. The hooks 158, 160 have a radially inwardly extending portion and an axially extending portion that forms a hook. In an embodiment, the hooks 158, 160 may be a continuous structure circumferentially about the support structure 110.

[0048] The support structure 110 may have a notch 174 on one of the forward and aft sides. The notch 174 ensures the support structure 110 cannot be installed backwards into the turbine section 28.

[0049] The first retaining ring 180 has a radially inner portion 184 that engages the passage 128 of the BOAS seal segment 105, and a radially outer portion 186 connected by a radially extending portion 188. The radially inner portion 184, radially outer portion 186, and radially extending portion 188 generally form a "C" shape. The second retaining ring 182 has the same shape. In one embodiment, a single part can be used for both the first and second retaining rings 180, 182. That is, a common part number is used, and the part is simply rotated and inserted from the opposite side. The retaining ring 180, 182 could be a full ring or could have a plurality of segments arranged circumferentially about the engine central axis A.

[0050] When the BOAS 106 is assembled into the support structure 110 with the retaining rings 180, 182, a gap G may be formed between the BOAS seal segment 105 and the hooks 158, 160 of the support structure. The gap G is formed immediately radially outward of the upper wall 126 of the seal segment 105. This gap G is formed when the retaining rings 180, 182 are installed such that there is contact between the radially outer portions 186, 187 of the retaining rings 180, 182 and the hooks 158, 160.

[0051] As shown in Figure 7, the support structure 110 has discrete radially inwardly extending portions. In this example, the portions 152, 154, 156 together form these radially inwardly extending portions. The first and second portions 154, 156 form an anti-rotation feature 155 that corresponds to the shape of the slot 130. The illustrated rectangular anti-rotation feature 155 has a distance d1 that is a length in the circumferential direction and a distance d2 that is a length in the axial direction. The slot 130 has a length D1 in the circumferential direction and a length D2 in the axial direction. The distance d1 is slightly smaller than the length D1 and the distance d2 is slightly smaller than the length D2 to accommodate insertion of the anti-rotation feature 155 into the slot 130.

[0052] A method of assembling the BOAS assembly 104 is illustrated in Figures 8A-8B. As shown, in Figure 8A, a BOAS seal segment 105 is moved radially onto the support structure 110. The anti-rotation feature 155 fits into the slot 130. When moved into place, the anti-rotation feature 155 and narrow portion 152 are entirely within the passage 128.

[0053] Then, as shown in Figure 8B, the retaining rings 180, 182 are axially moved into place. The retaining ring 180 is moved axially forward and engages the BOAS seal segment 105 and the support structure 110 at an aft side. The retaining ring 182 is moved axially aft and engages the BOAS seal segment 105 and the support structure 110 at a forward side. When the retaining rings 180, 182 are moved axially into place, the radially inner portions 184, 185 are within the passage 128. The radially outer portions 186, 187 are engaged with hooks 158, 160 of the support structure 110.

[0054] The retaining ring 180 has an axially outer portion 196 with a notch 192 (shown in Figure 8B). The retaining ring 182 has an axially outer portion 198 with a notch 194. When the retaining rings 180, 182 are installed, the axially outer portions 196, 198 contact one another, while the notches 192, 194 accommodate the attachment member 150 of the support structure 110. That is, the first portion 154 fits into the notch 194, while the second portion 156 fits into the notch 192.

[0055] Known CMC BOAS require a large contact area with supports while also having few radial features to minimize thermal gradients. Known CMC BOAS may also require support designs that are complicated to manufacture. The disclosed hollow BOAS structure with an access slot allows for radial installation and retaining clips from both the front and back sides. This construction allows a larger contact area, permitting lower deflection and reduced stresses. The radial installation of the BOAS assembly allows each BOAS segment to have three or four attachment points, rather than two. This permits lower stresses because of increased contact area. This is particularly beneficial for ceramic BOAS because ceramic materials are not as ductile as metallic materials. The ability to use ceramic BOAS promotes a more stable assembly.

[0056] Some known CMC BOAS have three or more radially protruding portions. The disclosed loop BOAS has the first and second walls 120, 122. This configuration of only two radial portions reduces the thermal gradient stresses throughout the BOAS 106. The disclosed CMC BOAS has simple features that are easily manufactured using CMC laminates.

[0057] In this disclosure, "generally axially" means a direction having a vector component in the axial direction that is greater than a vector component in the circumferential direction, "generally radially" means a direction having a vector component in the radial direction that is greater than a vector component in the axial direction and "generally circumferentially" means a direction having a vector component in the circumferential direction that is greater than a vector component in the axial direction.

[0058] Although an embodiment of this invention has been disclosed, a worker of ordinary skill in this art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this disclosure. For that reason, the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this disclosure.


Claims

1. A turbine section (28) for a gas turbine engine (20), comprising:

a turbine blade (102) extending radially outwardly to a radially outer tip (103) and for rotation about an axis of rotation (A);

a support structure (110) arranged circumferentially about the axis of rotation (A) and having a plurality of attachment members (150) extending radially inwardly; and

a blade outer air seal (106) having a plurality of segments (105) mounted in the support structure (110), wherein each segment (105) has a first wall (120) circumferentially spaced from a second wall (122), the first and second walls (120, 122) joined to a base portion (124) and an outer wall (126) to define a passage (128) that extends axially along the segment (105).


 
2. The turbine section of claim 1, wherein each of the plurality of attachment members (150) has the same position in the axial direction.
 
3. The turbine section of claim 1 or 2, wherein the support structure (110) has a first hook (158) aft of the attachment members (150) and a second hook (160) forward of the attachment members (150), and, optionally, the first and second hooks (158, 160) are continuous structures about the axis of rotation (A).
 
4. The turbine section of any preceding claim, wherein the attachment member (150) includes an anti-rotation feature (155) at a radially innermost portion of the support structure (110), and, optionally, the anti-rotation feature (155) is within the passage (128).
 
5. The turbine section of claim 4, wherein the attachment member (150) has a narrower portion (152) radially outward of the anti-rotation feature (155).
 
6. The turbine section of claim 4 or 5, wherein each segment (105) has a slot (130), and the anti-rotation feature (155) is sized to fit into the slot (130).
 
7. The turbine section of any preceding claim, wherein a retaining ring (180, 182) engages the support structure (110) and the blade outer air seal (106), and, optionally, the retaining ring (180, 182) is a unitary ring arranged about the axis of rotation (A).
 
8. The turbine section of any preceding claim, wherein a first retaining ring (180) is axially aft of the attachment member (150) and a second retaining ring (182) is axially forward of the attachment member (150).
 
9. The turbine section of any preceding claim, wherein the number of the attachment members (150) is equal to the number of segments (105).
 
10. A method of assembling a blade outer air seal assembly (104), comprising:

providing a blade outer air seal (106) having a first wall (120) circumferentially spaced from a second wall (122), the first and second walls (120, 122) extending outward from a base portion (124) and connected by an outer wall (126) to define a passage (128) extending in an axial direction along the base portion (124) and a slot (130) in the outer wall (126);

mounting the blade outer air seal (106) over a member (150) of a support structure (110) by sliding the member (150) through the slot (130) in a radial direction; and

securing the blade outer air seal (106) to the support structure (110) with a first retaining ring (180) installed in an axial direction.


 
11. The method of claim 10, wherein the first retaining ring (180) has an axially extending portion that is inserted into the passage (128) during the securing step.
 
12. The method of claim 10 or 11, wherein the first retaining ring (180) is installed in an axially forward direction and a second retaining ring (182) is installed in an axially backward direction, and, optionally, the support structure (110) has a first hook (158) aft of the member (150) and a second hook (160) forward of the member (150), and the first retaining ring (180) engages the first hook (158) and the second retaining ring (182) engages the second hook (160).
 
13. The method of any of claims 10 to 12, wherein the member (150) includes an anti-rotation feature (155) at a radially innermost portion of the support structure (110) and the anti-rotation feature (155) is sized to fit through the slot (130).
 
14. The method of any of claims 10 to 13, wherein the first retaining ring (180) has a notch (192, 194) that engages the support structure (110) member (150) inside of the passage (128).
 
15. The turbine section or method of any preceding claim, wherein the blade outer air seal (106) is a ceramic matrix composite material.
 




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