(19)
(11)EP 3 663 690 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 19178225.9

(22)Date of filing:  04.06.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F28D 15/02  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 05.12.2018 TW 107143651

(71)Applicant: Acer Incorporated
New Taipei City 221 (TW)

(72)Inventors:
  • Wang, Chun-Chieh
    221 New Taipei City (TW)
  • LIAO, Wen-Neng
    221 New Taipei City (TW)
  • HSIEH, Cheng-Wen
    221 New Taipei City (TW)
  • Chen, Wei-Chin
    221 New Taipei City (TW)
  • Ke, Jau-Han
    221 New Taipei City (TW)

(74)Representative: 2K Patentanwälte Blasberg Kewitz & Reichel 
Partnerschaft mbB Schumannstrasse 27
60325 Frankfurt am Main
60325 Frankfurt am Main (DE)

  


(54)HEAT DISSIPATION MODULE


(57) A heat dissipation module including a chamber, a first cooling fin, and a barrier part is provided. The chamber has an accommodating space, at least one inlet, and at least one outlet.
The at least one inlet is disposed in a first side wall of the chamber and communicates with the accommodating space. The at least one outlet is disposed in a second side wall of the chamber away from the at least one inlet and communicates with the accommodating space. The first cooling fin is disposed in the accommodating space. The first cooling fin has a guiding surface which extends obliquely upward. The barrier part is disposed outside the guiding surface of the first cooling fin and has at least one through hole.




Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


1. Field of the Invention



[0001] The disclosure relates to a heat dissipation module, and more particularly to a heat dissipation module suitable for horizontal placement.

2. Description of Related Art



[0002] In the existing technology, a heat dissipation chamber of gas-liquid phase heat transfer has been applied to a low-power, fan-less tablet computer. The existing heat dissipation chamber uses the characteristic that the tablet is obliquely placed on a tabletop to achieve the effect of gas-liquid circulation heat dissipation through convection and condensation of water vapor. If the existing heat dissipation chamber is applied to a high-power notebook computer, the heat dissipation efficiency of the heat dissipation module according to the existing technology is insufficient to cope with the heat dissipation need of high-power electronic devices without the help of external heat dissipation components (such as a fan).

[0003] Therefore, a cardiac cycle heat dissipation module has been developed, and its structure mainly includes two parts: a valve pump tank and a conducting pipe communicating with the valve pump tank. The valve pump tank is provided with a heat dissipation liquid and is for contacting a heat source, so that the liquid in the valve pump tank is heated and evaporates into a gas by heat transfer through wall surfaces of the valve pump tank. When the liquid is converted into a gas, a high pressure is produced due to volume expansion, so that the high-pressure vapor flows into the low-pressure conducting pipe in accordance with the direction of the flow path. After that, the high-temperature vapor dissipates heat in the conducting pipe and re-condenses into a low-temperature liquid, and then it returns to the valve pump tank along the flow path under the effect of gravity to complete the circulation of gas-liquid heat dissipation.

[0004] Because the vapor flow in the cardiac cycle heat dissipation module needs to match the flow path in a vertical direction, the cardiac cycle dissipation module has to be placed in a flat state when applied to a notebook computer. In this way, the direction of the vapor flow and the direction of the flow path are perpendicular to each other. However, this causes some of the high-temperature vapor to accumulate at the inlet and outlet of the valve pump tank instead of all moving toward the direction of the conducting pipe. The accumulation of the high-temperature vapor prevents the condensed liquid from entering the valve pump tank, which causes the total amount of liquid in the valve pump tank to be insufficient and unable to continuously absorb the heat of the heat source. This causes the operation temperature of the notebook computer to be excessively high.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


[Problems to be Solved by the Invention]



[0005] The disclosure provides a heat dissipation module which can improve the defect that high-temperature vapor accumulates at an inlet after heat absorption in horizontal placement, thereby affecting the heat dissipation efficiency.

[Means to Solve the Problems]



[0006] The heat dissipation module of the disclosure includes a chamber, a first cooling fin, and a barrier part. The chamber has an accommodating space, at least one inlet, and at least one outlet. The at least one inlet is disposed in a first side wall of the chamber and communicates with the accommodating space. The at least one outlet is disposed in a second side wall of the chamber away from the at least one inlet and communicates with the accommodating space. The first cooling fin is disposed in the accommodating space. The first cooling fin has a guiding surface which extends obliquely upward. The barrier part is disposed outside the guiding surface of the first cooling fin and has at least one through hole. The chamber is adapted to contact a heat source. A low-temperature liquid enters the accommodating space through the at least one inlet and contacts the first cooling fin, and the low-temperature liquid forms a high-temperature gas after heat absorption and is guided toward the at least one outlet by the guiding surface to flow out of the accommodating space.

Effect of the Invention]



[0007] Based on the above, the heat dissipation module of the disclosure employs the first cooling fin and the barrier part. The first cooling fin is for heating the low-temperature liquid and has the guiding surface for guiding the high-temperature gas. The first cooling fin can increase the contact area with the low-temperature liquid and increase the heat absorption and evaporation rate of the low-temperature liquid. The guiding surface of the first cooling fin can guide the high-temperature gas after the heat absorption toward the at least one outlet of the chamber to prevent it from accumulating at the at least one through hole and blocking the inflow of the low-temperature liquid.

[0008] In addition, the barrier part is disposed outside the first cooling fin. The barrier part is used for allowing the low-temperature liquid to pass through and preventing the high-temperature gas from flowing back. Further, the barrier part is used for isolating the high temperature of the first cooling fin to prevent the low-temperature liquid from vaporizing at the inlet of the chamber to ensure that the low-temperature liquid can flow into the first cooling fin to achieve an optimal heat dissipation effect.

[0009] In order to make the aforementioned features and advantages of the disclosure comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with drawings are described in detail below.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0010] The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

FIG. 1A is a schematic perspective view of part of the components of a heat dissipation module according to an embodiment of the disclosure.

FIG. 1B is a schematic plan view of a first cooling fin and a barrier part of the heat dissipation module of FIG. 1A.

FIG. 1C is a schematic component exploded view of the first cooling fin and the barrier part of FIG. 1B.

FIG. 1D is a schematic plan view of the heat dissipation circulation of the heat dissipation module of FIG. 1A.


DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



[0011] FIG. 1A is a schematic perspective view of part of the components of a heat dissipation module according to an embodiment of the disclosure. FIG. 1B is a schematic plan view of a first cooling fin and a barrier part of the heat dissipation module of FIG. 1A. FIG. 1C is a schematic component exploded view of the first cooling fin and the barrier part of FIG. 1B. FIG. 1D is a schematic plan view of the heat dissipation circulation of the heat dissipation module of FIG. 1A.

[0012] In the present embodiment, a heat dissipation module 100 is installed, for example, in a housing of a notebook computer, and the housing of the notebook computer is disposed in parallel on a tabletop. Likewise, the heat dissipation module 100 is also in a placement state being parallel to the tabletop.

[0013] With reference to FIGs. 1A to 1D, the heat dissipation module 100 of the disclosure includes a chamber 110, a first cooling fin 120, and a barrier part 130.

[0014] The chamber 110 has an accommodating space AS, at least one inlet IH, and at least one outlet OH. The at least one inlet IH is disposed in a first side wall W1 of the chamber 110 and communicates with the accommodating space AS. The at least one outlet OH is disposed in a second side wall W2 of the chamber 110 away from the at least one inlet IH and communicates with the accommodating space AS. The number of both the at least one inlet IH and the at least one outlet OH is exemplified with two inlets/outlets in the present embodiment, which is based on the size and heat dissipation need of the heat dissipation module 100, and the disclosure does not limit the number of the outlets and inlets.

[0015] The first cooling fin 120 is disposed in the accommodating space AS of the chamber 110 and are spaced apart from the inlets IH and the outlets OH, respectively. The first cooling fin 120 has a guiding surface GS which extends obliquely upward; that is, the guiding surface GS forms an inclined surface relatively away from the bottom of the chamber 110.

[0016] In addition, in the present embodiment, the first cooling fin 120 has a gap from the first side wall W1 of the chamber 110 and a gap from a third side wall with respect to the first side wall W1 and the first cooling fin 120 abuts against the second side wall W2 and a fourth side wall with respect to the second side wall W2 to limit a low-temperature liquid CW to being only able to flow into the first cooling fin 120 so as to achieve an optimal heat dissipation effect. Further, the first side wall W1 and the second side wall W2 are disposed to be perpendicular to each other.

[0017] The barrier part 130 is disposed outside the guiding surface GS of the first cooling fin 120 and has at least one through hole TH. In the present embodiment, the barrier part 130 is a heat insulating material, which can prevent the low-temperature liquid CW from immediately contacting high temperature upon entering the chamber 110 and then vaporizing and evaporating. In addition, the at least one through hole TH is shown as a plurality of through holes in the drawings, and each of the through holes TH is used for introducing the low-temperature liquid CW into the first cooling fin 120 to perform a heat absorption process.

[0018] In addition, the bottom of the chamber 110 is adapted to contact a heat source (such as a central processing unit, a graphics processing unit, etc., which generate high heat during operation), and the low-temperature liquid CW enters the accommodating space AS through the at least one inlet IH and passes through the barrier part 130 to contact the first cooling fin 120. The low-temperature liquid CW forms a high-temperature gas HV after the heat absorption and is guided toward the at least one outlet OH of the chamber 110 by the barrier part 130 and the guiding surface GS to flow out of the accommodating space AS.

[0019] Further, a vertical height H of the guiding surface GS with respect to a bottom surface BS of the first cooling fin 120 is gradually increased in a direction away from the at least one through hole TH of the barrier part 130. The guiding surface GS has an angle A with respect to an inflow end IE of the first cooling fin 120. In the present embodiment, the angle A between the guiding surface GS and the inflow end IE is, for example, greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees, which ensures that the guiding direction of the guiding surface GS is consistent with the flow direction of the low-temperature liquid CW.

[0020] The first cooling fin 120 has a limiting surface LS and a baffle GW. The limiting surface LS extends obliquely downward in a direction away from the barrier part 130. The baffle GW is disposed at the top of the first cooling fin 120, and the baffle GW is partially protruded and suspended in the accommodating space AS. In short, the limiting surface LS and the baffle GW are used for limiting the high-temperature gas HV after the heat absorption to flowing to the at least one outlet OH.

[0021] Further, the chamber 110 has a barrier surface BS connected to the second side wall W2. A horizontal width W of the barrier surface BS with respect to the first side wall W1 is gradually increased toward a direction of the at least one outlet OH. This also facilitates guiding the high-temperature gas HV to flow toward the at least one outlet OH.

[0022] The heat dissipation module 100 further includes at least one circulation line 140 (exemplified with two circulation lines 140 in the drawings) and a plurality of second cooling fins 150. Each of the circulation lines 140 communicates with the accommodating space AS by the at least one inlet IH and the at least one outlet OH, respectively. The plurality of second cooling fins 150 are respectively disposed at a periphery of each of the circulation lines 140 and are relatively away from the at least one inlet IH of the chamber 110.

[0023] A gas-liquid circulation heat dissipation process of the heat dissipation module 100 will be described in detail below with reference to FIGs. 1A to 1D. When the heat dissipation circulation starts (i.e., a heat source 200 starts operating and generating high heat), the low-temperature liquid CW placed in the chamber 110 is heated by the first cooling fin 120 and evaporates to form the high-temperature gas HV. After the high-temperature gas HV is formed, it is guided by the guiding surface GS and the barrier part 130 to move toward the at least one outlet OH of the chamber 110 to form a gas flow in a single direction, so that the high-temperature gas HV does not accumulate in the first cooling fin 120. Then, the high-temperature gas HV flows into the circulation lines 140 through high-pressure driving and dissipates the heat carried by the high-temperature gas HV in the air through the heat transfer effect of pipe walls of the circulation lines 140 and the plurality of second cooling fins 150 during the flowing. The high-temperature gas HV condenses to form the low-temperature liquid CW after the heat dissipation, in the end flows back to the chamber 110 through the circulation lines 140 and returns to the first cooling fin 120 through the plurality of through holes TH of the barrier part 130 to complete the gas-liquid circulation heat dissipation.

[0024] In summary of the above, the heat dissipation module of the disclosure employs the first cooling fin and the barrier part. The first cooling fin is for heating the low-temperature liquid and has the guiding surface for guiding the high-temperature gas. The first cooling fin can increase the contact area with the low-temperature liquid and increase the heat absorption and evaporation rate of the low-temperature liquid. The guiding surface of the first cooling fin can guide the high-temperature gas after the heat absorption toward the at least one outlet of the chamber to prevent it from accumulating at the at least one through hole and blocking the inflow of the low-temperature liquid.

[0025] In addition, the barrier part is disposed outside the first cooling fin. The barrier part is used for allowing the low-temperature liquid to pass through and preventing the high-temperature gas from flowing back. Further, the barrier part is used for isolating the high temperature of the first cooling fin to prevent the low-temperature liquid from vaporizing at the inlet of the chamber to ensure that the low-temperature liquid can flow into the first cooling fin to achieve an optimal heat dissipation effect.


Claims

1. A heat dissipation module, comprising:

a chamber (110) having:

an accommodating space (AS);

at least one inlet (IH) disposed in a first side wall (W1) of the chamber (110) and communicating with the accommodating space (AS); and

at least one outlet (OH) disposed in a second side wall (W2) of the chamber (110) away from the at least one inlet (IH) and communicating with the accommodating space (AS);

a first cooling fin (120) disposed in the accommodating space (AS) and having a guiding surface (GS) extending obliquely upward; and

a barrier part (130) disposed outside the guiding surface (GS) of the first cooling fin (120) and having at least one through hole (TH),

wherein the chamber (110) is adapted to contact a heat source, a low-temperature liquid (CW) enters the accommodating space (AS) through the at least one inlet (IH) and passes through the barrier part (130) to contact the first cooling fin (120), and the low-temperature liquid (CW) forms a high-temperature gas (HV) after heat absorption and is guided toward the at least one outlet (OH) by the barrier part (130) and the guiding surface (GS) to flow out of the accommodating space (AS).


 
2. The heat dissipation module according to claim 1, wherein a vertical height (H) of the guiding surface (GS) with respect to a bottom surface of the first cooling fin (120) is increased in a direction away from the at least one through hole (TH).
 
3. The heat dissipation module according to claim 2, wherein the guiding surface (GS) has an angle (A) with respect to an inflow end (IE) of the first cooling fin (120), and the angle (A) is greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees.
 
4. The heat dissipation module according to claim 1, wherein the barrier part (130) is a heat insulating material.
 
5. The heat dissipation module according to claim 1, wherein the first cooling fin (120) has a limiting surface (LS) which extends obliquely downward in a direction away from the barrier part (130).
 
6. The heat dissipation module according to claim 1, wherein the first cooling fin (120) has a baffle (GW) which is disposed at a top of the first cooling fin (120) and is partially protruded and suspended in the accommodating space (AS).
 
7. The heat dissipation module according to claim 1, wherein the chamber (110) has a barrier surface (BS) connected to the second side wall (W2), and a horizontal width (W) of the barrier surface (BS) with respect to the first side wall (W1) is gradually increased toward a direction of the at least one outlet (OH).
 
8. The heat dissipation module according to claim 1, wherein the first side wall (W1) and the second side wall (W2) are disposed to be perpendicular to each other.
 
9. The heat dissipation module according to claim 1, further comprising at least one circulation line (140) which communicates with the accommodating space (AS) by the at least one inlet (IH) and the at least one outlet (OH), respectively.
 
10. The heat dissipation module according to claim 9, further comprising a plurality of second cooling fins (150) which are disposed at a periphery of the at least one circulation line (140) and are relatively away from the at least one inlet (IH).
 




Drawing