(19)
(11)EP 3 667 152 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 18858670.5

(22)Date of filing:  01.06.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F17C 1/16(2006.01)
B29C 45/16(2006.01)
F17C 13/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2018/006309
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/059495 (28.03.2019 Gazette  2019/13)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 21.09.2017 KR 20170121796

(71)Applicants:
  • Dong Hee Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Ulsan 44784 (KR)
  • Ace Chemical Co.,Ltd.
    Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 18523 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KYE, Tae Hong
    Suwon-si Gyeonggi-do 16324 (KR)
  • PARK, Kyun Bum
    Hwaseong-si Gyeonggi-do 18429 (KR)
  • CHO, Hyung Joo
    Gwangmyeong-si Gyeonggi-do 14221 (KR)
  • KIM, Heung Tae
    Suwon-si Gyeonggi-do 16688 (KR)

(74)Representative: Isarpatent 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Behnisch Barth Charles Hassa Peckmann & Partner mbB Friedrichstrasse 31
80801 München
80801 München (DE)

  


(54)HIGH-PRESSURE VESSEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF


(57) Proposed are a high-pressure vessel and a manufacturing method thereof, the high-pressure vessel including: a liner including a cylinder portion and dome portions disposed at both ends of the cylinder portion, and storing a high-pressure fluid therein, each of the dome portions having a dome shape; a composite material layer surrounding an outer surface of the liner; and a protective layer surrounding an outer surface of the composite material layer and including a shock-absorbing layer, a heat-resistant layer, and a surface protective layer, which are sequentially laminated, wherein the shock-absorbing layer of the protective layer is made of a resin material and formed by an injection molding method on an inner surface of the heat-resistant layer.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a high-pressure vessel and a manufacturing method thereof. More particularly, the present invention relates to a high-pressure vessel capable of safely storing high-pressure gas, such as a fuel tank of a natural gas vehicle or a hydrogen tank of a fuel cell vehicle, and a manufacturing method thereof.

Background Art



[0002] A natural gas (CNG) vehicle or a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle is equipped with a high-pressure vessel to compress gaseous fuel at high pressure and thereby store the gaseous fuel.

[0003] Generally, the high-pressure vessel is manufactured through the following manufacturing process: a liner is made of synthetic resin to reduce weight, a composite material such as carbon fiber is wound thereon, a protective pad is attached thereon again to absorb shocks on an outer surface and thereby prevent damage to liner, and glass fiber is wound again thereon to prevent the removal of the protective pad and prevent chipping. When winding, the glass fiber is wetted with polymer resin (epoxy) and then wound. Finally, a fire-resisting material spray is applied thereon.

[0004] FIG. 1 illustrates the structure of a conventional high-pressure vessel.

[0005] To be more specific, referring to FIG. 1, the high-pressure vessel includes a liner 10 including a cylinder and dome-shaped spaces provided on both ends of the cylinder and storing a high-pressure fluid therein, and a composite material 20 provided an outer surface of the liner.

[0006] Furthermore, the vessel further includes on an outer surface of the composite material 20 a protective-pad layer 30 to protect the high-pressure vessel, a glass fiber layer 40, and a fire-resisting material layer 50. The protective-pad layer 30 serves to protect the liner from shocks of the outer surface, and the glass fiber layer 40 serves to secure the protective pad and prevent chipping. Furthermore, the fire-resisting material layer 50 of the outer surface serves to provide fire resistance in the event of fire.

[0007] However, since the composite material 20 on the outer surface of the liner 10 is not uniform in surface shape, there is a problem that an edge portion thereof is thinnest when winding. Thus, when the protective-pad layer 30 is attached to the surface, the surface of the composite material 20 is not uniform, so that adhesive strength is not sufficiently ensured.

[0008] Furthermore, the glass fiber layer 40 is manufactured through a manufacturing process for winding glass fiber (e.g. filament), and time and cost required for winding are large, so that production efficiency may be undesirably deteriorated.

[0009] In addition, the fire-resisting material layer 50 is made by applying spray containing fire-resisting ingredients. However, it is very complicated to apply the spray in a uniform application amount. Further, when the outer surface is subjected to shocks, the applied fire-resisting material may be lost, so that the fire resistance may be lost.

[0010] That is, time and cost required for the process of manufacturing the high-pressure vessel are undesirably large according to respective sequential processes, and it is difficult to obtain a uniform quality despite the large manufacturing process and time.

[0011] The description provided above as a related art of the present disclosure is just for helping understanding the background of the present disclosure and should not be construed as being included in the related art known by those skilled in the art.

[0012] As the related art, KR 10-1161229 B has been proposed.

Disclosure


Technical Problem



[0013] The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems and difficulties and relates to a high-pressure vessel having shock resistance, heat resistance, and chipping resistance, and a method of manufacturing a high-pressure vessel that simplifies a manufacturing process and increases production efficiency.

Technical Solution



[0014] In order to accomplish the above object, the present invention provides a high-pressure vessel, including: a liner including a cylinder portion and dome portions disposed at both ends of the cylinder portion, and storing a high-pressure fluid therein, each of the dome portions having a dome shape; a composite material layer surrounding an outer surface of the liner; and a protective layer surrounding an outer surface of the composite material layer and including a shock-absorbing layer, a heat-resistant layer, and a surface protective layer, which are sequentially laminated, wherein the shock-absorbing layer of the protective layer may be made of a resin material, and may be formed by an injection molding method or a foaming method on an inner surface of the heat-resistant layer.

[0015] The surface protective layer of the protective layer may be made of a resin material, and may be formed on an outer surface of the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or thermoforming.

[0016] The protective layer may include a cylinder protecting portion to protect the cylinder portion and a dome protecting portion to protect the dome portion, thus surrounding an outer surface of the composite material layer.

[0017] The shock-absorbing layer may contain a urethane material.

[0018] The heat-resistant layer may contain a ceramic material.

[0019] The surface protective layer may contain a Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) material or a Low Weight Reinforced Thermoplastic (LWRT) material.

[0020] The LWRT material of the surface protective layer may be reinforced with Glass Fiber (GF).

[0021] In order to accomplish the above object, the present invention provides a method of manufacturing a high-pressure vessel according to the invention, the method including: coupling a composite material layer with a protective layer by attaching the protective layer to an outer surface of the composite material layer or by forming a shock-absorbing layer between the outer surface of the composite material layer and an inner surface of the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or foaming.

[0022] The method may further include forming the surface protective layer on an outer surface of the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or thermoforming, before the coupling the composite material layer with the protective layer.

[0023] The surface protective layer may be formed through injection molding or thermoforming to cover a side surface of the heat-resistant layer, at the forming the surface protective layer on the outer surface of the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or thermoforming.

[0024] The protective layer may include a cylinder protecting portion to protect a cylinder portion and a dome protecting portion to protect a dome portion, and at the coupling the composite material layer with the protective layer, the cylinder protecting portion may attach the protective layer to the outer surface of the composite material layer, and the dome protecting portion may couple the composite material layer with the protective layer by forming the shock-absorbing layer between the outer surface of the composite material layer and the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or foaming.

[0025] At the coupling of the composite material layer with the protective layer, the shock-absorbing layer may be formed through injection molding or foaming to fill a gap between the cylinder protecting portion and the dome protecting portion.

[0026] The protective layer composed of the shock-absorbing layer and the heat-resistant layer may include a cylinder protecting portion to protect a cylinder portion and a dome protecting portion to protect a dome portion, and at the coupling the composite material layer with the protective layer, the cylinder protecting portion and the dome protecting portion may couple the composite material layer with the protective layer by integrally forming the shock-absorbing layer between the outer surface of the composite material layer and the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or foaming.

Advantageous Effects



[0027] A high-pressure vessel and a manufacturing method thereof according to the present invention are advantageous in that a protective layer is completed in a single process, so that the manufacturing process is simplified, and thereby manufacturing cost and time are reduced and production efficiency is increased.

[0028] Furthermore, the shock resistance, the heat resistance, and the chipping resistance of a high-pressure vessel are guaranteed, so that the safety of the high-pressure vessel is ensured, and quality deviation is reduced.

[0029] Moreover, the invention has effects of solving a problem wherein a fire-resisting material is lost by shocks acting on an outer surface, so that fire resistance is lost.

Description of Drawings



[0030] 

FIG. 1 illustrates a structure of a conventional high-pressure vessel.

FIG. 2 illustrates a high-pressure vessel and a protective layer according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 3 illustrates a protective-layer coupling structure of the high-pressure vessel according to the embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 4 illustrates a flowchart of a method of manufacturing a high-pressure vessel according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIGS. 5 to 7 illustrate an interface of a protective layer of the high-pressure vessel according to the embodiment of the present invention.


Mode for Invention



[0031] Specific structural or functional descriptions in the embodiments of the present disclosure introduced in this specification or application are only for description of the embodiments of the present disclosure. The descriptions should not be construed as being limited to the embodiments described in the specification or application.

[0032] Since the present disclosure may be embodied in many different forms, specific embodiments are illustrated in the drawings and described in detail herein. However, it is to be understood that the present description is not intended to limit the present disclosure to those exemplary embodiments, and the present disclosure is intended to cover not only the exemplary embodiments, but also various alternatives, modifications, equivalents, and other embodiments that fall within the spirit and scope of the present disclosure.

[0033] It will be understood that, although the terms "first", "second", etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, these elements should not be limited by these terms. These terms are only used to distinguish one element from another element. For instance, a first element discussed below could be termed a second element without departing from the teachings of the present disclosure. Similarly, the second element could also be termed the first element.

[0034] It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "coupled" or "connected" to another element, it can be directly coupled or connected to the other element or intervening elements may be present therebetween. In contrast, it should be understood that when an element is referred to as being "directly coupled" or "directly connected" to another element, there are no intervening elements present. Other expressions that explain the relationship between elements, such as "between", "directly between", "adjacent to", or "directly adjacent to" should be construed in the same way.

[0035] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting. In the present disclosure, the singular forms are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will be further understood that the terms "comprise", "include", "have", etc. when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or combinations of them but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or combinations thereof.

[0036] Unless otherwise defined, all terms including technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which the present disclosure belongs. Terms used herein should be interpreted as having a meaning that is consistent with their meaning in the context of this specification and the relevant art and will not be interpreted in an idealized or overly formal sense unless expressly defined herein.

[0037] Hereinafter, the present disclosure will be explained in detail by describing exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure with reference to the accompanying drawings. The same reference numerals are used throughout the drawings to designate the same or similar components.

[0038] FIG. 2 illustrates a high-pressure vessel and a protective layer according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0039] Referring to FIG. 2, the high-pressure vessel A according to the embodiment of the present invention includes a liner X including a cylinder portion and dome portions disposed at both ends of the cylinder portion, and storing a high-pressure fluid therein, each of the dome portions having a dome shape, a composite material layer Y surrounding an outer surface of the liner X, and a protective layer Z surrounding an outer surface of the composite material layer Y and including a shock-absorbing layer L1, a heat-resistant layer L2, and a surface protective layer L3, which are sequentially laminated. The shock-absorbing layer L1 of the protective layer Z is made of a resin material, and is formed by an injection molding method or a foaming method on an inner surface of the heat-resistant layer L2.

[0040] The liner X storing the high-pressure fluid therein may be formed of a plastic material such as Polyamide 6 (PA6) or Polyethylene (PE). As shown in the drawings, the liner may be shaped to have the cylinder portion and the dome portions disposed at both ends of the cylinder portion, each dome portion having the dome shape. The liner X may have a space to store the high-pressure fluid such as the high-pressure gas therein.

[0041] The composite material layer Y may be formed to surround the outer surface of the liner X. The composite material layer Y may be formed of a material obtained by mixing Carbon Fiber (CF) or Glass Fiber (GF) with resin.

[0042] The composite material layer Y may be made by winding composite fiber. In this case, due to the properties of a winding method, as shown in the drawings, an edge portion between the cylinder portion and the dome portion may be thinnest. Therefore, in order to prevent the edge portion from being vulnerable to shocks or heat, the protective layer Z may be formed thicker at the edge portion. Particularly, the shock-absorbing layer L1 may be formed thicker at the edge portion.

[0043] In other words, a flat portion such as the cylinder portion forms a uniform layer while the composite material layer Y and the protective layer Z each having a thickness. However, in the case of the edge portion transferred to the dome portion, the composite material layer Y is thinner than the cylinder portion. Hence, the protective layer Z is formed thicker than the cylinder portion, thus compensating for the composite material layer Y that is reduced in thickness.

[0044] The protective layer Z may surround the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, and may sequentially laminate the shock-absorbing layer L1, the heat-resistant layer L2, and the surface protective layer L3 on the outer surface of the composite material layer Y.

[0045] The shock-absorbing layer L1 may be made of the resin material, and may be formed by the injection molding method or the foaming method on the inner surface of the heat-resistant layer L2. To be more specific, the shock-absorbing layer L1 may be formed on the inner surface of the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding and then attached to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, or may be directly formed through injection molding between the heat-resistant layer L2 and the outer surface of the composite material layer Y. The shock-absorbing layer L1 may contain a urethane material. That is, the shock-absorbing layer L1 may be made by inserting the heat-resistant layer L2 of the ceramic material into a mold and then performing injecting molding or foaming on the inner surface of the heat-resistant layer L2, or by inserting the high-pressure vessel to which the liner 10 and the composite material layer Y are applied, and the heat-resistant layer L2 into a mold and then performing injecting molding or foaming therebetween.

[0046] Meanwhile, the heat-resistant layer L2 may contain a ceramic material.

[0047] The surface protective layer L3 may contain a Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) material or a Low Weight Reinforced Thermoplastic (LWRT) material. The LWRT material of the surface protective layer L3 may be reinforced through Glass Fiber (GF). The surface protective layer L3 may be formed on the outer surface of the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding or thermoforming with the heat-resistant layer L2 being inserted.

[0048] FIG. 3 illustrates a protective-layer coupling structure of the high-pressure vessel according to the embodiment of the present invention.

[0049] Referring to FIG. 3, protective layers 200 and 300 of the high-pressure vessel according to the present invention may be coupled to surround the outer surface of the composite material layer 100 that surrounds the outer surface of the liner (not shown). Particularly, the protective layers 200 and 300 may include a cylinder protecting portion 200 that protects a cylinder portion, and a dome protecting portion 300 that protects a dome portion, thus surrounding the outer surface of the composite material layer.

[0050] The cylinder protecting portion 200 surrounds the cylinder portion to protect the cylinder portion of the high-pressure vessel, and may be formed to have an integrated structure. However, as shown in the drawings, the cylinder protecting portion may be composed of a plurality of portions and then coupled to the outer surface of the composite material layer 100.

[0051] The dome protecting portion 300 surrounds the dome portion so as to protect the dome portion of the high-pressure vessel, and is formed on each of both ends of the cylinder portion to be coupled to the outer surface of the composite material layer 100.

[0052] FIG. 4 illustrates a flowchart of a method of manufacturing a high-pressure vessel according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0053] Referring to FIG. 4, the method of manufacturing the high-pressure vessel according to the embodiment of the present invention includes a step S300 of coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z by attaching the protective layer Z to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y or by forming the shock-absorbing layer L1 between the outer surface of the composite material layer Y and the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding or foaming.

[0054] Before the step S300 of coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z, the method may further include a step S200 of forming the surface protective layer L3 on the outer surface of the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding or thermoforming.

[0055] That is, the heat-resistant layer L2 may be first formed at step S100, and the surface protective layer L3 may be formed on the outer surface thereof at step S200. The surface protective layer L3 may be formed on the outer surface of the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding or thermoforming. Subsequently, the shock-absorbing layer L1 may be formed on the inner surface of the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding or thermoforming to be attached to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, or the shock-absorbing layer L1 may be directly formed through injection molding or thermoforming on the outer surface of the composite material layer Y at step S300.

[0056] According to an embodiment, the step S300 of coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z may be performed by forming the shock-absorbing layer L1 on the inner surface of the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding or foaming to form the protective layer Z and then attaching the protective layer to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, which surrounds the outer surface of the liner (not shown), using an adhesive. This may be suitable for coupling the cylinder protecting portion that protects the cylinder portion to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y. In the case of the cylinder portion, it is easy to have a relatively flat surface when winding the composite material layer Y. Thus, required bonding strength between the composite material layer Y and the shock-absorbing layer L1 may be obtained merely by attaching without insert injection.

[0057] According to another embodiment, the step S300 of coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z may be performed by placing the heat-resistant layer L2 and the surface protective layer L3 on the outer surface thereof on the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, and forming the shock-absorbing layer L1 of the resin material through injection molding or foaming between the outer surface of the composite material layer Y and the heat-resistant layer L2. This may be suitable for coupling the dome protecting portion that protects the dome portion to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y. In contrast, since the dome portion has curvature and there is a limit in forming precise curvature when winding the composite material layer Y, it may be difficult to obtain required strength merely by adhesion. Therefore, this is easy to obtain required bonding strength through insert injection.

[0058] The protective layer Z may include the cylinder protecting portion to protect the cylinder portion, and the dome protecting portion to protect the dome portion. At the step of coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z, the cylinder protecting portion may attach the protective layer Z to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, and the dome protecting portion may form the shock-absorbing layer L1 through injection molding or foaming between the outer surface of the composite material layer Y and the heat-resistant layer L2, thus coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z.

[0059] FIGS. 5 to 7 illustrate an interface of a protective layer of the high-pressure vessel according to the embodiment of the present invention.

[0060] Referring to FIG. 5, according to an embodiment, at the step S200 of forming the surface protective layer L3 on the outer surface of the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding or thermoforming, the surface protective layer L3 may be formed through injection molding or thermoforming to cover the side surface of the heat-resistant layer L2.

[0061] Referring to FIGS. 6 and 7, according to another embodiment, at the step S300 of coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z, the shock-absorbing layer L1 may be formed through injection molding or foaming to fill a gap between the cylinder protecting portion and the dome protecting portion.

[0062] To be more specific, the heat-resistant layer L2 containing a ceramic material is excellent in heat insulating performance and heat resistance but is vulnerable to moisture. Therefore, the heat-resistant layer L2 is preferably surrounded by the shock-absorbing layer L1 and the surface protective layer L3 so as not to be exposed to the outside.

[0063] Therefore, as shown in FIG. 5, at the step S200 of forming the surface protective layer L3 on the outer surface of the heat-resistant layer L2 through injection molding or thermoforming, the surface protective layer L3 may be formed through injection molding or thermoforming to cover the side surface of the heat-resistant layer L2, or as shown in FIG. 6, at the step S300 of coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z, the shock-absorbing layer L1 may be formed through injection molding or foaming to cover the side surface of the heat-resistant layer L2. Thereby, the heat-resistant layer L2 is not exposed to moisture, and is able to sufficiently exhibit heat-resistant effects.

[0064] Furthermore, as described above, the protective layer Z may include the cylinder protecting portion to protect the cylinder portion, and the dome protecting portion to protect the dome portion. At the step of coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z, the cylinder protecting portion may attach the protective layer Z to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, and the dome protecting portion may form the shock-absorbing layer L1 through injection molding or foaming between the outer surface of the composite material layer Y and the heat-resistant layer L2, thus coupling the composite material layer Y with the protective layer Z. In this case, after the cylinder protecting portion is first attached to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, the dome protecting portion may be coupled to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y by forming the shock-absorbing layer L1 through injection molding or foaming.

[0065] This is because the gap may occur in the process of forming each of a plurality of cylinder protecting portions and dome protecting portions and then coupling the portions to the outer surface of the composite material layer Y, and thus the gap may be filled with the shock-absorbing layer L1 by finally forming the shock-absorbing layer L1 through injection molding or foaming.

[0066] To be more specific, as shown in FIG. 6, the gap between the cylinder protecting portions may be filled by forming so that there is no gap between surface protective layers L3, and then forming the shock-absorbing layer L1 through injection molding or foaming in the gap between heat-resistant layers L2.

[0067] The gap between the cylinder protecting portion and the dome protecting portion may be filled by forming the shock-absorbing layer L1 through injection molding or foaming in the gap between the surface protective layer L3 and the heat-resistant layer L2, as shown in FIG. 7.

[0068] According to another embodiment, turning back to FIG. 3, the protective layers 200 and 300 composed of the heat-resistant layer and the surface protective layer may include the cylinder protecting portion 200 that protects the cylinder portion, and the dome protecting portion 300 that protects the dome portion. At the step S300 of coupling the composite material layer with the protective layer, the cylinder protecting portion 200 and the dome protecting portion 300 may integrally form the shock-absorbing layer through injection molding or foaming between the outer surface of the composite material layer 100 and the heat-resistant layer, thus coupling the composite material layer 100 with the protective layers 200 and 300.

[0069] That is, the shock-absorbing layer may be integrally formed through injection molding or foaming between the inner surfaces of the protective layers 200 and 300 composed of the heat-resistant layer and the surface protective layer and the outer surface of the composite material layer 100, thus coupling the cylinder protecting portion 200 and the dome protecting portion 300 to the outer surface of the composite material layer 100.

[0070] While the present invention has been particularly described with reference to exemplary embodiments shown in the drawings, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that the exemplary embodiments have been described for illustrative purposes, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.

[Description of reference numerals of important parts]



[0071] 

10: liner 20: composite material layer

30: protective-pad layer 40: glass fiber layer

50: fire-resisting material layer

A: high-pressure vessel X: liner

Y: composite material layer Z: protective layer

L1: shock-absorbing layer L2: heat-resistant layer

L3: surface protective layer




Claims

1. A high-pressure vessel, comprising:

a liner including a cylinder portion and dome portions disposed at both ends of the cylinder portion, and storing a high-pressure fluid therein, each of the dome portions having a dome shape;

a composite material layer surrounding an outer surface of the liner; and

a protective layer surrounding an outer surface of the composite material layer and including a shock-absorbing layer, a heat-resistant layer, and a surface protective layer, which are sequentially laminated,

wherein the shock-absorbing layer of the protective layer is made of a resin material, and is formed by an injection molding method or a foaming method on an inner surface of the heat-resistant layer.


 
2. The high-pressure vessel of claim 1, wherein the surface protective layer of the protective layer is made of a resin material, and is formed on an outer surface of the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or thermoforming.
 
3. The high-pressure vessel of claim 1, wherein the protective layer comprises a cylinder protecting portion to protect the cylinder portion and a dome protecting portion to protect the dome portion, thus surrounding an outer surface of the composite material layer.
 
4. The high-pressure vessel of claim 1, wherein the shock-absorbing layer contains a urethane material.
 
5. The high-pressure vessel of claim 1, wherein the heat-resistant layer contains a ceramic material.
 
6. The high-pressure vessel of claim 1, wherein the surface protective layer contains a Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) material or a Low Weight Reinforced Thermoplastic (LWRT) material.
 
7. The high-pressure vessel of claim 6, wherein the LWRT material of the surface protective layer is reinforced with Glass Fiber (GF).
 
8. A method of manufacturing a high-pressure vessel of claim 1, comprising:
coupling a composite material layer with a protective layer by attaching the protective layer to an outer surface of the composite material layer or by forming a shock-absorbing layer between the outer surface of the composite material layer and an inner surface of the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or foaming.
 
9. The method of claim 8, further comprising:
forming the surface protective layer on an outer surface of the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or thermoforming, before the coupling the composite material layer with the protective layer.
 
10. The method of claim 9, wherein the surface protective layer is formed through injection molding or thermoforming to cover a side surface of the heat-resistant layer, at the forming the surface protective layer on the outer surface of the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or thermoforming.
 
11. The method of claim 8, wherein the protective layer comprises a cylinder protecting portion to protect a cylinder portion and a dome protecting portion to protect a dome portion, and at the coupling the composite material layer with the protective layer, the cylinder protecting portion attaches the protective layer to the outer surface of the composite material layer, and the dome protecting portion couples the composite material layer with the protective layer by forming the shock-absorbing layer between the outer surface of the composite material layer and the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or foaming.
 
12. The method of claim 11, wherein, at the coupling of the composite material layer with the protective layer, the shock-absorbing layer is formed through injection molding or foaming to fill a gap between the cylinder protecting portion and the dome protecting portion.
 
13. The method of claim 8, wherein the protective layer composed of the shock-absorbing layer and the heat-resistant layer comprises a cylinder protecting portion to protect a cylinder portion and a dome protecting portion to protect a dome portion, and at the coupling the composite material layer with the protective layer, the cylinder protecting portion and the dome protecting portion couple the composite material layer with the protective layer by integrally forming the shock-absorbing layer between the outer surface of the composite material layer and the heat-resistant layer through injection molding or foaming.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description