(19)
(11)EP 3 667 960 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
05.04.2023 Bulletin 2023/14

(21)Application number: 17920628.9

(22)Date of filing:  10.08.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 5/00(2006.01)
H04L 5/14(2006.01)
H04W 72/04(2009.01)
H04B 1/713(2006.01)
H04J 11/00(2006.01)
H04L 27/26(2006.01)
H04W 74/08(2009.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H04L 5/1469; H04L 27/261; H04L 27/2605; H04B 1/713; H04L 5/0048; H04L 5/0012
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/096960
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/028801 (14.02.2019 Gazette  2019/07)

(54)

SIGNAL SENDING METHOD, CORRESPONDING NETWORK DEVICE, AND CORRESPONDING COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

SIGNALESENDEVERFAHREN, DEMENTSPRECHENDES NETZWERKGERÄT UND DEMENTSPRECHENDES COMPUTERLESBARES SPEICHERMEDIUM

PROCÉDÉ D'ENVOI DE SIGNAL, ÉQUIPEMENT DE RÉSEAU CORRESPONDANT, ET SUPPORT D'INFORMATION LISIBLE PAR ORDINATEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHEN, Zhe
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • LUO, Zhihu
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • JIN, Zhe
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: MERH-IP Matias Erny Reichl Hoffmann Patentanwälte PartG mbB 
Paul-Heyse-Strasse 29
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2016/203750
WO-A1-2017/105005
CN-A- 106 937 354
US-A1- 2016 150 570
WO-A1-2017/052326
CN-A- 106 301 738
CN-A- 106 982 110
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] This application relates to the field of wireless communications technologies, and in particular, to a signal sending method, a network device, and a computer-readable storage medium.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] A mobile communications standards organization, that is, the 3rd generation partnership project (3rd Generation Partnership Project, 3GPP), proposes a narrowband internet of things (Narrowband Internet of Things, NB-IOT) technology. A device that supports NB-loT uses a frequency band with a bandwidth of 180 kHz during data transmission, and supports operating in a standalone mode (Standalone operation), a guard band mode (Guardband operation), or an in-band mode (In-band operation). The in-band mode means that one or more resource blocks in one carrier in a long term evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE) system are used to transmit NB-loT service data. A bandwidth of one resource block is 180 kHz.

    [0003] Similar to LTE, the NB-IOT technology includes time division duplex (time division duplex, TDD) NB-loT and frequency division duplex (frequency division duplex, FDD) NB-loT. In the NB-IOT technology, a terminal device needs to access a base station in a random access manner. In FDD NB-loT, a terminal device needs to send a random access preamble (preamble) on a narrowband physical random access channel (Narrowband Physical Random Access Channel, NPRACH). One preamble includes one or more repeated units, each repeated unit includes four groups of symbols, and each group of symbols have a length of at least 1.4 ms. To be specific, continuous uplink resources occupied by one preamble have a time length of at least 5.6 ms. However, for TDD NB-loT in which the in-band mode is used for deployment, continuous uplink resources has a time length of at most three subframes (to be specific, 3 ms). Therefore, a terminal device cannot send a preamble to a network device in three subframes. In conclusion, in TDD NB-loT, how the terminal device sends a preamble is a problem to be resolved urgently.

    [0004] WO 2017/105005 A1 discloses a wireless device transmitting a random-access preamble. A sequence of a random-access preamble is mapped to a sub-carrier wave, carrying out a first hop between sub-regions and a second hop among sub-carrier waves within a sub-region.

    [0005] US 2016/150570 A1 discloses a base station generating and transmitting a Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) configuration parameter for a User Equipment (UE), detecting a random preamble sequence and/or a corresponding PRACH resource set transmitted from the UE, and generating a Random Access Response (RAR) based on the type and the coverage enhancement level of the UE.

    [0006] WO 2017/052326 A1 shows a base station (BS) transmitting synchronization to an internet-of-things (IoT) user equipment (UE).

    SUMMARY



    [0007] An objective of embodiments of this application is to provide a signal sending method, a network device and a computer-readable storage medium, to resolve a problem that a terminal device cannot send a preamble in TDD NB-IOT.

    [0008] In view of the foregoing, the present invention proposes a signal sending method and a network device having the features of the respective independent claims.

    [0009] A first example of this application relates to a signal sending method, including:

    generating, by a terminal device, a first symbol group that carries a first preamble, where the first symbol group includes four groups of symbols; and

    sending, by the terminal device, the first symbol group to a network device in K groups of uplink subframes, where any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent and are separated by at least a subframe that is not an uplink subframe, each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes included in the group of uplink subframes are continuous subframes, where K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4.



    [0010] According to the foregoing method, the terminal device sends the first preamble to the network device in the K groups of uplink subframes, to transmit, in TDD NB-loT, the preamble in the K groups of uplink subframes without changing a hardware structure of the terminal device. Even if the terminal device operates in an in-band mode in TDD NB-loT, the terminal device may still transmit the preamble by using uplink resources that are dispersed in the K groups of the uplink subframes, to maintain an existing preamble signal structure to maximum extent, so that a dual-mode terminal device that supports TDD/FDD NB-loT can send a preamble signal by using a same set of transmit apparatus, thereby reducing costs of the dual-mode terminal device that needs to support TDD/FDD NB-loT.

    [0011] In an optional implementation, K is 2, and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0012] In the foregoing method, the first symbol group is sent in two groups of uplink subframes, so that a sending period of the first preamble can be reduced as much as possible, thereby reducing a latency of the first preamble and improving a system.

    [0013] In an optional implementation, K is 4, and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0014] In the foregoing solution, the first symbol group that carries the first preamble is sent in four groups of uplink subframes, so that the preamble can be sent while an existing preamble signal structure is maintained, and the network device can send the preamble in TDD NB-loT, thereby improving compatibility between TDD NB-loT and a TDD LTE system.

    [0015] The method further includes: sending, by the terminal device, a second symbol group to the network device in the K groups of uplink subframes, where the second symbol group is used to carry a second preamble.

    [0016] In the foregoing method, the terminal device simultaneously sends two preambles, to reduce impact of a frequency offset and a Doppler frequency shift on uplink synchronization performance, and improve uplink synchronization precision.

    [0017] In an optional implementation, a difference between an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the second preamble and an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the first preamble is a preset value.

    [0018] The second preamble is a preamble that is different from the first preamble and that is randomly selected by the terminal device from a preamble set, the preamble set includes at least two preambles, and the preambles in the preamble set are configured by the network device for the terminal device.

    [0019] Herein is also described a terminal device, where the terminal device includes a memory, a transceiver, and a processor. The memory is configured to store an instruction. The processor is configured to execute the instruction stored in the memory and control the transceiver to receive and send a signal. When the processor executes the instruction stored in the memory, the terminal device is configured to perform the method in any one of the first example or the possible designs of the first example.

    [0020] Herein is also described a terminal device configured to implement any method in the first example or the possible designs of the first example. The terminal device includes corresponding functional modules respectively configured to implement steps in the foregoing method, for example, includes a processing unit, a transceiver unit, a processing unit, and the like.

    [0021] An example of this application relates to a computer-readable storage medium. For instance, a computer storage medium stores a computer readable instruction, and when the computer readable instruction is read and executed by a computer, the computer is enabled to perform the method in any one of the first example or the possible designs of the first example.

    [0022] Herein is also described a computer program product, and when the computer program product is read and executed by a computer, the computer is enabled to perform the method in any one of the first example or the possible designs of the first example.

    [0023] Herein is also described a chip, where the chip is connected to a memory, and is configured to read and execute a software program stored in the memory, to implement the method in any one of the first example or the possible designs of the first example.

    [0024] Herein is also described a signal receiving method, including:

    receiving, by a network device, a first symbol group sent by a terminal device in K groups of uplink subframes, where any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent; the first symbol group is used to carry a first preamble, and the first symbol group includes four groups of symbols; and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes included in the group of uplink subframes are continuous subframes, where K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4; and

    sending, by the network device, a random access response to the terminal device.



    [0025] With respect to the signal sending method of claim 1 and the network device of claim 5:
    • in an optional implementation, K is 2; and
      each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group.
    • in an optional implementation, K is 4; and
      each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.
    • in an optional implementation, the method further includes:
      receiving, by the network device, a second symbol group in the K groups of uplink subframes, where the second symbol group is used to carry a second preamble.
    • in an optional implementation, a difference between an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the second preamble and an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the first preamble is a preset value.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0026] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an example of a system architecture applicable to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a bandwidth according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a bandwidth according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a signal sending method according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a symbol according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of sending a preamble according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of sending a preamble according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of sending a preamble according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of frequency hopping of a preamble according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of sending a preamble according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal device according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal device according to an embodiment of this application;

    FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of a network device according to an embodiment of this application; and

    FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a network device according to an embodiment of this application.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0027] The following further describes in detail the technical solutions of the embodiments of this application with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0028] The embodiments of this application may be applied to various mobile communications systems, for example, mobile communications systems such as a new radio (New Radio, NR) system, a global system for mobile communications (Global System of Mobile Communication, GSM) system, a code division multiple access (Code Division Multiple Access, CDMA) system, a wideband code division multiple access (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access Wireless, WCDMA) system, general packet radio service (General Packet Radio Service, GPRS), a long term evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE) system, an advanced long term evolution (Advanced long term evolution, LTE-A) system, a universal mobile telecommunications system (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System, UMTS), and an evolved long term evolution (evolved Long Term Evolution, eLTE) system.

    [0029] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a system architecture applicable to an embodiment of this application. As shown in FIG. 1, a network device and terminal devices 1 to 6 constitute a communications system. In the communications system, the network device sends information to one or more of the terminal devices 1 to 6. In addition, the terminal devices 4 to 6 also constitute a communications system. In the communications system, the terminal device 5 may send information to one or both of the terminal device 4 and the terminal device 6.

    [0030] In this embodiment of this application, a terminal device may communicate with a core network by using a network device. The terminal device may be user equipment (User Equipment, UE), an access terminal device, a subscriber unit, a subscriber station, a mobile station, a mobile console, a remote station, a remote terminal device, a mobile device, a user terminal device, a terminal device, a wireless communications device, a user agent, or a user apparatus. The access terminal device may be a cellular phone, a cordless phone, a session initiation protocol (Session Initiation Protocol, SIP) phone, a wireless local loop (Wireless Local Loop, WLL) station, a personal digital assistant (Personal Digital Assistant, PDA), a handheld device having a wireless communication function, a computing device, another processing device connected to a wireless modem, an in-vehicle device, a wearable device, a terminal device in a future 5G network, or the like.

    [0031] The network device may be referred to as a radio access network (Radio Access Network, RAN) device, and is collectively referred to as a network device below. The network device is mainly responsible for providing a wireless connection for a terminal device, to ensure reliable transmission of uplink and downlink data of the terminal device. The network device may be a gNB (generation Node B) in a 5G system, or may be a base transceiver station (Base Transceiver Station, BTS) in a global system for mobile communications (Global System of Mobile communication, GSM) system or code division multiple access (Code Division Multiple Access, CDMA), or may be a NodeB (NodeB, NB) in a wideband code division multiple access (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access, WCDMA) system, or may be an evolved NodeB (Evolutional Node B, eNB, or eNodeB) in a long term evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE) system, or the like.

    [0032] In this embodiment of this application, the terminal device may operate in any one of a standalone mode, a guard band mode, and an in-band mode, and send a preamble to the network device when operating in any one of the foregoing modes. When operating in the standalone mode, the terminal device may transmit NB-loT service data on one or more carriers in a GSM network, where a bandwidth of the independent carrier is 180 kHz.

    [0033] When operating in the in-band mode, the terminal device may transmit NB-loT service data on one or more resource blocks on one carrier in an LTE system, where a bandwidth of one resource block is 180 kHz. Details may be shown in FIG. 2. In FIG. 2, one carrier in LTE may be divided into a plurality of resource blocks, a bandwidth of each resource block is 180 kHz, and a terminal device in NB-loT may transmit NB-loT service data by using one or more of the resource blocks.

    [0034] When operating in the guard band mode, the terminal device may transmit NB-loT service data in a guard band of a carrier in the LTE system, where a bandwidth occupied by the guard band is 180 kHz. Details may be shown in FIG. 3. In FIG. 3, a terminal device in NB-loT may transmit NB-loT service data by using a guard bandwidth of a carrier in LTE.

    [0035] With reference to the foregoing description, FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a signal sending method according to an embodiment of this application. Referring to FIG.4, the method includes the following steps.

    [0036] Step 401: A terminal device generates a first symbol group that carries a first preamble, where the first symbol group includes four groups of symbols.

    [0037] Step 402: The terminal device sends the first symbol group to a network device in K groups of uplink subframes, where any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent, each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes included in the group of uplink subframes are continuous subframes, where K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4.

    [0038] Any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent. In other words, the any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are discontinuous in terms of time.

    [0039] Step 403: The network device receives the first symbol group sent by the terminal device in the K groups of uplink subframes.

    [0040] Step 404: The network device performs uplink synchronization measurement on the terminal based on the first preamble.

    [0041] In step 401, the first preamble may be randomly selected by the terminal device from available preambles, or may be a preamble specified by the network device for the terminal device. This is not limited in this embodiment of this application.

    [0042] Each group of symbols in the first symbol group includes a cyclic prefix and five symbols. For details, refer to FIG. 5. In FIG. 5, a foremost part of a group of symbols is a cyclic prefix, the cyclic prefix has a time length of 66.7 µs or 266.67 µs, the cyclic prefix is followed by five symbols used to transmit a preamble, and each symbol has a time length of 266.67 µs. Each preamble requires 4 groups of symbols.

    [0043] It should be noted that the symbol described in the embodiments of this application includes but is not limited to an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, OFDM) symbol, a sparse code multiple access (Sparse Code Multiplexing Access, SCMA) symbol, a filtered orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (Filtered Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, F-OFDM) symbol, and a non-orthogonal multiple access (Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access, NOMA) symbol. The symbol may be specifically determined based on an actual situation, and details are not described herein.

    [0044] In step 402, the K groups of uplink subframes may be located in a same radio frame. Certainly, the K groups of uplink subframes may not be located in a same radio frame.

    [0045] In this embodiment of this application, each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe, and the at least one uplink subframe is a continuous subframe. The continuous subframes mean that the first subframe and the last subframe are continuous in terms of time. For example, one radio frame includes 10 subframes, and the 10 subframes included in the radio frame are continuous in terms of time, and may be considered as 10 continuous subframes. In this embodiment of this application, the NB-IOT technology needs to be compatible with the LTE system. Therefore, a subframe used in the NB-IOT technology may be a subframe defined in the LTE system.

    [0046] Currently, a TDD LTE system has seven uplink-downlink configurations (Uplink-downlink configuration), which are respectively an uplink-downlink configuration 0 to an uplink-downlink configuration 6. A subframe for transmitting a downlink signal is a downlink subframe, and is represented by D. The subframe for transmitting an uplink signal is an uplink subframe, and is represented by U. The downlink subframe and the uplink subframe are separated by a special subframe, and the special subframe is represented by S. For specific content of the seven uplink-downlink configurations, refer to Table 1.
    Table 1
    Uplink-downlink configurationSubframe number
    0123456789
    0 D S U U U D S U U U
    1 D S U U D D S U U D
    2 D S U D D D S U D D
    3 D S U U U D D D D D
    4 D S U U D D D D D D
    5 D S U D D D D D D D
    6 D S U U U D S S S S


    [0047] With reference to Table 1, in an NB-IOT technology, in K groups of uplink subframes used by a terminal device to send a preamble, each group of uplink subframes may include one uplink subframe, or may include two continuous uplink subframes, or may include three continuous uplink subframes.

    [0048] It should be noted that the group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send at least one group of symbols in a first symbol group. When a group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include one uplink subframe, to enable the terminal device to send a group of symbols in the first symbol group in the group of uplink subframes, based on a feature that a subcarrier spacing is inversely proportional to a time length of a symbol, a subcarrier spacing of the group of uplink subframes may be increased to reduce a time length of a symbol. Therefore, more symbols are transmitted in the group of uplink subframes. For example, the subcarrier spacing of the group of uplink subframes is adjusted from 15 kHz to 30 kHz, so that a quantity of symbols transmitted in each uplink subframe in the group of uplink subframes increases from 14 to 28. Certainly, symbols in a group of symbols may alternatively be divided. For example, in a group of uplink subframes, only the first four symbols in a group of symbols in the first symbol group are sent, and the last symbol in the group of symbols and another group of symbols are sent in another group of uplink subframes.

    [0049] In this embodiment of this application, uplink subframes included in any group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe included in the first 5 ms of a radio frame, or at least one uplink subframe included in the last 5 ms of a radio frame. With reference to Table 1, for example, an uplink-downlink configuration type of a radio frame is an uplink-downlink configuration 0, and uplink subframes in the first 5 ms of the radio frame are a subframe 2, a subframe 3, and a subframe 4; and for any group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes, the group of uplink subframes may include the subframe 2 in the radio frame, or include the subframe 2 and the subframe 3 in the radio frame, or include the subframe 2, the subframe 3, and the subframe 4 in the radio frame.

    [0050] For another example, an uplink-downlink configuration type of a radio frame is an uplink-downlink configuration 1, and uplink subframes in the last 5 ms of the radio frame are a subframe 7 and a subframe 8; and for any group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes, the group of uplink subframes may include the subframe 7 in the radio frame, or include the subframe 7 and the subframe 8 in the radio frame.

    [0051] In this embodiment of this application, K may be 2, 3, or 4, and separate descriptions are provided below.

    [0052] In a first case, K is 2.

    [0053] In this case, each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes may be used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group, or one group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes may be used to send three groups of symbols in the first symbol group and the other group of uplink subframes may be used to send one group of symbols of the first symbol group, so that four groups of symbols of the first symbol group are sent in the K groups of uplink subframes.

    [0054] Specifically, FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of sending a preamble according to an embodiment of this application.

    [0055] In FIG. 6, a first symbol group that carries a first preamble includes the first group of symbols, the second group of symbols, the third group of symbols, and the fourth group of symbols. When K is 2, K groups of uplink subframes include the first group of uplink subframes and the second group of uplink subframes, the K groups of uplink subframes may be located in a same radio frame, and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include three continuous uplink subframes. The first group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the first group of symbols and the second group of symbols, and the second group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the third group of symbols, and the fourth group of symbols.

    [0056] It should be noted that one preamble may be repeatedly sent for a plurality times. With reference to FIG. 6, a terminal device may repeatedly send a preamble for a plurality of times in a manner in FIG. 6 by using a time length of one radio frame as a period.

    [0057] In a second case, K is 3.

    [0058] In this case, in the K groups of uplink subframes, one group of uplink subframes may be used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group, and each group of uplink subframes in the other two groups of uplink subframes may be used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0059] Specifically, FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of sending a preamble according to an embodiment of this application.

    [0060] In FIG. 7, a first symbol group that carries a first preamble includes the first group of symbols, the second group of symbols, the third group of symbols, and the fourth group of symbols. When K is 3, the K groups of uplink subframes include the first group of uplink subframes, the second group of uplink subframes, and the third group of uplink subframes, the K groups of uplink subframes are located in two radio frames, and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include three continuous uplink subframes. The first group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the first group of symbols and the second group of symbols, the second group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the third group of symbols, and the third group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the fourth group of symbols.

    [0061] It should be noted that one preamble may be repeatedly sent for a plurality times. With reference to FIG. 7, a terminal device may repeatedly send a preamble for a plurality of times in a manner in FIG. 7 by using time lengths of two radio frames as a period.

    [0062] In a third case, K is 4.

    [0063] In this case, each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0064] Specifically, FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of sending a preamble according to an embodiment of this application.

    [0065] In FIG. 8, a first symbol group that carries a first preamble includes the first group of symbols, the second group of symbols, the third group of symbols, and the fourth group of symbols. When K is 8, the K groups of uplink subframes include the first group of uplink subframes, the second group of uplink subframes, the third group of uplink subframes, and the fourth group of uplink subframes, the K groups of uplink subframes are located in two radio frames, and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include three continuous uplink subframes. The first group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the first group of symbols, the second group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the second group of symbols, the third group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the third group of symbols, and the fourth group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the fourth group of symbols.

    [0066] It should be noted that one preamble may be repeatedly sent for a plurality times. With reference to FIG. 8, a terminal device may repeatedly send a preamble for a plurality of times in a manner in FIG. 8 by using time lengths of two radio frames as a period.

    [0067] It should be noted that in this embodiment of this application, four groups of symbols that carry a preamble are transmitted on a PRACH through frequency hopping. Specifically, FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of frequency hopping of a preamble according to an embodiment of this application. In FIG. 9, in a transmission period of each preamble, four groups of symbols that carry the preamble are represented by using gray rectangles and digits, and are denoted as 1, 2, 3, and 4 in a time sequence. The preamble has two frequency hopping intervals, which are respectively 3.75 kHz and 22.5 kHz, on a PRACH within one sending period. The frequency hopping interval is an integer multiple of the subcarrier bandwidth, and a minimum frequency hopping interval and the subcarrier bandwidth are the same. A frequency hopping interval between the first group of symbols and the second group of symbols is 3.75 kHz, and a frequency hopping interval between the third group of symbols and the fourth group of symbols is 22.5 kHz. A frequency hopping interval between the second group of symbols and the third group of symbols is 22.5 kHz. Pseudo random frequency hopping is used between two adjacent sending periods, and a frequency hopping range is limited to 12 subcarriers.

    [0068] Optionally, in this embodiment of this application, a terminal device may simultaneously send a plurality of preambles. For example, the terminal device may randomly select two preambles from a preamble set, and send the selected two preambles in the K groups of uplink subframes. Subcarriers of symbol groups carrying the preambles are different.

    [0069] With reference to the foregoing description, the terminal device sends a second symbol group to the network device in the K groups of uplink subframes, where the second symbol group is used to carry a second preamble. Similarly, the second symbol group also includes four groups of symbols. For details, refer to the description of the first symbol group, and details are not described herein again.

    [0070] In this embodiment of this application, a difference between an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the second preamble and an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the first preamble may be a preset value. An initial subcarrier number corresponding to each preamble may uniquely determine the preamble. Therefore, after determining the first preamble, the terminal device may uniquely determine the second preamble. The preset value may be determined based on an actual situation, and details are not described herein.

    [0071] The second preamble is a preamble that is different from the first preamble and that is randomly selected by the terminal device from a preamble set, the preamble set includes at least two preambles, and the preambles in the preamble set are configured by the network device for the terminal device. The preambles in the preamble set may be a universal set of all optional preambles of the terminal device, or may be a subset of a set including all preambles configured by the network device, for example, the preambles included in the preamble set are all preambles whose differences between initial subcarrier numbers corresponding to the preambles and the initial subcarrier number corresponding to the first preamble are not less than a preset threshold.

    [0072] FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of sending a preamble according to an embodiment of this application. In FIG. 10, when K is 2, K groups of uplink subframes include the first group of uplink subframes and the second group of uplink subframes, the K groups of uplink subframes may be located in a same radio frame, and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include three continuous uplink subframes. A first symbol group that carries a first preamble includes the first group of symbols, the second group of symbols, the third group of symbols, and the fourth group of symbols. The first group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the first two groups of symbols in the first symbol group that carries the first preamble and the first two groups of symbols in a second symbol group that carries a second preamble, and the second group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send the last two groups of symbols in the first symbol group that carries the first preamble and the last two groups of symbols in the second symbol group that carries the second preamble. The symbol in the first symbol group and the symbol in the second symbol group are located on different subcarriers during transmission.

    [0073] It should be noted that one preamble may be repeatedly sent for a plurality times. With reference to FIG. 10, a terminal device may repeatedly send the first preamble and the second preamble for a plurality of times in a manner in FIG. 10 by using a time length of one radio frame as a period.

    [0074] Finally, after the network device receives the first preamble sent by the terminal device in step 403, in step 404, the network device performs uplink synchronization measurement on the terminal device based on the first preamble. Specific content of the uplink synchronization measurement is not limited in the embodiments of this application. For example, a difference between an actual time at which a signal sent by the terminal device arrives at the network device and a time predicted by the network device may be measured, so that the network device can perform uplink synchronization for the terminal device based on the difference.

    [0075] When receiving the second preamble, the network device may perform uplink synchronization measurement on the terminal device based on the second preamble at the same time, to perform uplink synchronization on the terminal by using two preambles, thereby reducing impact of a frequency offset on uplink synchronization performance, and improving uplink synchronization precision.

    [0076] FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal device according to an embodiment of this application. The terminal device may be configured to perform actions of the terminal device in the foregoing method embodiments. The terminal device 1100 includes a processing unit 1101 and a transceiver unit 1102.

    [0077] The processing unit 1101 is configured to generate a first symbol group that carries a first preamble, where the first symbol group includes four groups of symbols.

    [0078] The transceiver unit 1102 is configured to send the first symbol group generated by the processing unit 1101 to a network device in K groups of uplink subframes, where any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent, each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes included in the group of uplink subframes are continuous subframes, where K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4.

    [0079] In an optional implementation, K is 2; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0080] In an optional implementation, K is 4; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0081] In an optional implementation, the transceiver unit 1102 is further configured to:
    send a second symbol group to the network device in the K groups of uplink subframes, where the second symbol group is used to carry a second preamble.

    [0082] In an optional implementation, a difference between an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the second preamble and an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the first preamble is a preset value.

    [0083] In an optional implementation, the second preamble is a preamble that is different from the first preamble and that is randomly selected by the terminal device from a preamble set, the preamble set includes at least two preambles, and the preambles in the preamble set are configured by the network device for the terminal device.

    [0084] FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a terminal device according to an embodiment of this application. The terminal device may be configured to perform actions of the terminal device in the foregoing method embodiments. The terminal device 1200 includes a processor 1201, a transceiver 1202, a memory 1203, and a communications interface 1204. The processor 1201, the transceiver 1202, the memory 1203, and the communications interface 1204 are connected to each other by using a bus 1205.

    [0085] The processor 1201 may be a central processing unit (central processing unit, CPU), a network processor (network processor, NP), or a combination of a CPU and an NP. The processor 1201 may further include a hardware chip. The hardware chip may be an application-specific integrated circuit (application-specific integrated circuit, ASIC), a programmable logic device (programmable logic device, PLD), or a combination thereof. The PLD may be a complex programmable logic device (complex programmable logic device, CPLD), a field programmable gate array (field-programmable gate array, FPGA), generic array logic (generic array logic, GAL), or any combination thereof.

    [0086] The memory 1203 may include a volatile memory (volatile memory), for example, a random access memory (random-access memory, RAM); or the memory may include a non-volatile memory (non-volatile memory), for example, a flash memory (flash memory), a hard disk drive (hard disk drive, HDD), or a solid-state drive (solid-state drive, SSD); or the memory 1203 may include a combination of the foregoing types of memories.

    [0087] The communications interface 1204 may be a wired communications interface, a wireless communications interface, or a combination thereof. The wired communications interface may be, for example, an Ethernet interface. The Ethernet interface may be an optical interface, an electrical interface, or a combination thereof. The wireless communications interface may be a WLAN interface.

    [0088] The bus 1205 may be a peripheral component interconnect (peripheral component interconnect, PCI) bus, an extended industry standard architecture (extended industry standard architecture, EISA) bus, or the like. The bus may be classified into an address bus, a data bus, a control bus, and the like. For ease of indication, the bus is indicated by using only one double-headed arrow in FIG. 12. However, it does not indicate that there is only one bus or only one type of bus.

    [0089] The memory 1203 may be configured to store a program instruction. The processor 1201 invokes the program instruction stored in the memory 1203, and may perform one or more steps in the embodiments shown in the foregoing solutions, or an optional implementation thereof, so that an access network node 1200 implements a function in the foregoing methods.

    [0090] The processor 1201 is configured to generate a first symbol group that carries a first preamble, where the first symbol group includes four groups of symbols.

    [0091] The transceiver 1202 is configured to send the first symbol group generated by the processing unit 1201 to a network device in K groups of uplink subframes, where any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent, each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes included in the group of uplink subframes are continuous subframes, where K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4.

    [0092] In an optional implementation, K is 2; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0093] In an optional implementation, K is 4; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0094] In an optional implementation, the transceiver 1202 is further configured to:
    send a second symbol group to the network device in the K groups of uplink subframes, where the second symbol group is used to carry a second preamble.

    [0095] In an optional implementation, a difference between an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the second preamble and an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the first preamble is a preset value.

    [0096] In an optional implementation, the second preamble is a preamble that is different from the first preamble and that is randomly selected by the terminal device from a preamble set, the preamble set includes at least two preambles, and the preambles in the preamble set are configured by the network device for the terminal device.

    [0097] FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of a network device according to an embodiment of this application. The network device may be configured to perform actions of the network device in the foregoing method embodiments. The network device 1300 includes a transceiver unit 1301 and a processing unit 1302.

    [0098] The transceiver unit 1301 is configured to receive a first symbol group sent by a terminal device in K groups of uplink subframes, where any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent; the first symbol group is used to carry a first preamble, and the first symbol group includes four groups of symbols; and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes included in the group of uplink subframes are continuous subframes, where K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4.

    [0099] The processing unit 1302 is configured to perform uplink synchronization measurement on the terminal based on the first preamble.

    [0100] In an optional implementation, K is 2; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0101] In an optional implementation, K is 4; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0102] In an optional implementation, the transceiver unit 1301 is further configured to:
    receive a second symbol group in the K groups of uplink subframes, where the second symbol group is used to carry a second preamble.

    [0103] In an optional implementation, a difference between an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the second preamble and an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the first preamble is a preset value.

    [0104] The second preamble is a preamble that is different from the first preamble and that is randomly selected by the terminal device from a preamble set, the preamble set includes at least two preambles, and the preambles in the preamble set are configured by the network device for the terminal device.

    [0105] FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a network device according to an embodiment of this application. The network device may be configured to perform actions of the network device in the foregoing method embodiments. The network device 1400 includes a processor 1401, a transceiver 1402, a memory 1403, and a communications interface 1404. The processor 1401, the transceiver 1402, the memory 1403, and the communications interface 1404 are connected to each other by using a bus 1405. For specific content of the foregoing modules, refer to descriptions of related modules in FIG. 12, and details are not described herein again.

    [0106] The memory 1403 may be configured to store a program instruction. The processor 1401 invokes the program instruction stored in the memory 1403.

    [0107] The transceiver 1402 is configured to receive a first symbol group sent by a terminal device in K groups of uplink subframes, where any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent; the first symbol group is used to carry a first preamble, and the first symbol group includes four groups of symbols; and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes include at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes included in the group of uplink subframes are continuous subframes, where K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4.

    [0108] The processor 1401 is configured to perform uplink synchronization measurement on the terminal based on the first preamble.

    [0109] In an optional implementation, K is 2; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0110] In an optional implementation, K is 4; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.

    [0111] In an optional implementation, the transceiver 1402 is further configured to:
    receive a second symbol group in the K groups of uplink subframes, where the second symbol group is used to carry a second preamble.

    [0112] In an optional implementation, a difference between an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the second preamble and an initial subcarrier number corresponding to the first preamble is a preset value.

    [0113] In an optional implementation, the second preamble is a preamble that is different from the first preamble and that is randomly selected by the terminal device from a preamble set, the preamble set includes at least two preambles, and the preambles in the preamble set are configured by the network device for the terminal device.

    [0114] For related parts between the method embodiments of this application, refer to each other. The apparatus provided in each apparatus embodiment is configured to perform the method provided in the corresponding method embodiment. Therefore, each apparatus embodiment may be understood with reference to a related part in a related method embodiment.

    [0115] A person of ordinary skill in the art can understand that all or some of the steps of the method in the foregoing embodiments may be implemented by a program instructing related hardware. The program may be stored in a readable storage medium of a device such as a magnetic disk storage, or an optical memory. When the program is run, the program executes all or some of the steps described above.

    [0116] In the foregoing specific implementations, the objective, technical solutions, and benefits of this application are further described in detail. It should be understood that different embodiments can be combined. The foregoing descriptions are merely specific implementations of this application, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of this application.


    Claims

    1. A signal sending method, wherein the method comprises:

    generating, by a terminal device (1100, 1200), a first symbol group which is a first preamble, wherein the first symbol group comprises four groups of symbols;

    characterized by

    sending, by the terminal device (1100, 1200), the first symbol group to a network device (1300, 1400) in K groups of uplink subframes, wherein any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent and are separated by at least a subframe that is not an uplink subframe, each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes comprises at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes comprised in the group of uplink subframes are contiguous subframes, wherein K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4;

    sending, by the terminal device (1100, 1200), additionally to the first symbol group, a second symbol group to the network device (1300, 1400) in the K groups of uplink subframes, wherein the second symbol group is a second preamble; and

    wherein the second preamble is a preamble that is different from the first preamble and that is randomly selected by the terminal device (1100, 1200) from a preamble set, the preamble set comprises at least two preambles, and the preambles in the preamble set are configured by the network device (1300, 1400) for the terminal device (1100, 1200).


     
    2. The signal sending method according to claim 1, wherein K is 2; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group.
     
    3. The signal sending method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein K is 4; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.
     
    4. The signal sending method according to claim 1, wherein uplink subframes comprised in any group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes comprise at least one uplink subframe that is in first 5 ms in a radio frame, or at least one uplink subframe that is in last 5 ms in a radio frame.
     
    5. A network device (1300, 1400), comprising:

    a processing unit (1101, 1201, 1302, 1401), configured to perform uplink synchronization measurement on a terminal device (1100, 1200) based on the first preamble,

    characterized by

    a transceiver unit (1102, 1202, 1301, 1402), configured to receive a first symbol group sent by a terminal device (1100, 1200) in K groups of uplink subframes, wherein any two groups of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are not adjacent and are separated by at least a subframe that is not an uplink subframe; the first symbol group which is a first preamble, and the first symbol group comprises four groups of symbols; and each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes comprises at least one uplink subframe, and uplink subframes comprised in the group of uplink subframes are contiguous subframes, wherein K is a positive integer greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4; and

    wherein the transceiver unit (1102, 1202, 1301, 1402) is further configured to:

    receive from the terminal device (1100, 1200) a second symbol group in the K groups of uplink subframes, wherein the second symbol group is a second preamble; and

    wherein the network device (1300, 1400) is adapted to configure a preamble set in the terminal device (1100, 1200), the preamble set comprising the first preamble and the second preamble, the second preamble being different from the first preamble.


     
    6. The network device (1300, 1400) according to claim 5, wherein K is 2; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send two groups of symbols in the first symbol group.
     
    7. The network device (1300, 1400) according to claim 5, wherein K is 4; and
    each group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes are used to send one group of symbols in the first symbol group.
     
    8. The network device (1300, 1400) according to claim 5, wherein uplink subframes comprised in any group of uplink subframes in the K groups of uplink subframes comprise at least one uplink subframe that is in first 5 ms in a radio frame, or at least one uplink subframe that is in last 5 ms in a radio frame.
     
    9. A computer-readable storage medium comprising instructions which, when executed by a computer, cause the computer to carry out the method according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Signalsendeverfahren, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Erzeugen einer ersten Symbolgruppe, welche eine erste Präambel ist, durch eine Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200), wobei die erste Symbolgruppe vier Gruppen von Symbolen umfasst;

    gekennzeichnet durch

    Senden der ersten Symbolgruppe an eine Netzwerkvorrichtung (1300, 1400) in K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes durch die Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200), wobei beliebige zwei Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes nicht benachbart sind und durch mindestens einen Subframe getrennt sind, der kein Uplink-Subframe ist, jede Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes mindestens einen Uplink-Subframe umfasst, und Uplink-Subframes, die in der Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes enthalten sind, zusammenhängende Subframes sind, wobei K eine positive ganze Zahl größer als 1 und kleiner oder gleich 4 ist;

    Senden einer zweiten Symbolgruppe zusätzlich zur ersten Symbolgruppe durch die Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200) an die Netzwerkvorrichtung (1300, 1400) in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes, wobei die zweite Symbolgruppe eine zweite Präambel ist; und

    wobei die zweite Präambel eine Präambel ist, die sich von der ersten Präambel unterscheidet und die zufällig durch die Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200) aus einem Präambelsatz ausgewählt wird, der Präambelsatz mindestens zwei Präambeln umfasst und die Präambeln in dem Präambelsatz durch die Netzwerkvorrichtung (1300, 1400) für die Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200) konfiguriert sind.


     
    2. Signalsendeverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei K 2 ist; und jede Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes verwendet wird, um zwei Gruppen von Symbolen in der ersten Symbolgruppe zu senden.
     
    3. Signalsendeverfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei K 4 ist; und
    jede Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes verwendet wird, um eine Gruppe von Symbolen in der ersten Symbolgruppe zu senden.
     
    4. Signalsendeverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei Uplink-Subframes, die in einer beliebigen Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes enthalten sind, mindestens einen Uplink-Subframe, der sich in den ersten 5 ms in einem Funkrahmen befindet, oder mindestens einen Uplink-Subframe, der sich in den letzten 5 ms in einem Funkrahmen befindet, umfassen.
     
    5. Netzwerkvorrichtung (1300, 1400), umfassend:

    eine Verarbeitungseinheit (1101, 1201, 1302, 1401), die dazu konfiguriert ist, eine Uplink-Synchronisationsmessung auf einer Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200) basierend auf der ersten Präambel durchzuführen,

    gekennzeichnet durch

    eine Sende-Empfangsgeräteeinheit (1102, 1202, 1301, 1402), die dazu konfiguriert ist, eine erste Symbolgruppe zu empfangen, die durch eine Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200) in K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes gesendet wird, wobei beliebige zwei Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes nicht benachbart sind und durch mindestens einen Subframe getrennt sind, der kein Uplink-Subframe ist;

    die erste Symbolgruppe, welche eine erste Präambel ist, und die erste Symbolgruppe vier Gruppen von Symbolen umfasst; und jede Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes mindestens einen Uplink-Subframe umfasst, und Uplink-Subframes, die in der Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes enthalten sind, zusammenhängende Subframes sind, wobei K eine positive ganze Zahl größer als 1 und kleiner oder gleich ist 4; und

    wobei die Sende-Empfangsgeräteeinheit (1102, 1202, 1301, 1402) ferner zu Folgendem konfiguriert ist:

    Empfangen einer zweiten Symbolgruppe in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes von der Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200), wobei die zweite Symbolgruppe eine zweite Präambel ist; und

    wobei die Netzwerkvorrichtung (1300, 1400) angepasst ist, um einen Präambelsatz in der Endgerätevorrichtung (1100, 1200) zu konfigurieren, wobei der Präambelsatz die erste Präambel und die zweite Präambel umfasst, wobei sich die zweite Präambel von der ersten Präambel unterscheidet.


     
    6. Netzwerkvorrichtung (1300, 1400) nach Anspruch 5, wobei K 2 ist; und
    jede Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes verwendet wird, um zwei Gruppen von Symbolen in der ersten Symbolgruppe zu senden.
     
    7. Netzwerkvorrichtung (1300, 1400) nach Anspruch 5, wobei K 4 ist; und
    jede Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes verwendet wird, um eine Gruppe von Symbolen in der ersten Symbolgruppe zu senden.
     
    8. Netzwerkvorrichtung (1300, 1400) nach Anspruch 5, wobei Uplink-Subframes, die in einer beliebigen Gruppe von Uplink-Subframes in den K Gruppen von Uplink-Subframes enthalten sind, mindestens einen Uplink-Subframe, der sich in den ersten 5 ms in einem Funkrahmen befindet, oder mindestens einen Uplink-Subframe, der sich in den letzten 5 ms in einem Funkrahmen befindet, umfassen.
     
    9. Computerlesbares Speichermedium, das Anweisungen umfasst, welche bei Ausführung durch einen Computer herbeiführen, dass der Computer das Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 ausführt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé d'envoi de signal, dans lequel le procédé comprend :

    la génération, par un dispositif terminal (1100, 1200), d'un premier groupe de symboles qui est un premier préambule, dans lequel le premier groupe de symboles comprend quatre groupes de symboles ;

    caractérisé par

    l'envoi, par le dispositif terminal (1100, 1200), du premier groupe de symboles à un dispositif de réseau (1300, 1400) dans K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante, dans lequel deux groupes quelconques de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante ne sont pas adjacents et sont séparés par au moins une sous-trame qui n'est pas une sous-trame de liaison montante, chaque groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante comprend au moins une sous-trame de liaison montante, et des sous-trames de liaison montante comprises dans le groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante sont des sous-trames contiguës, dans lequel K est un entier positif supérieur à 1 et inférieur ou égal à 4 ;

    l'envoi, par le dispositif terminal (1100, 1200), en plus du premier groupe de symboles, d'un second groupe de symboles au dispositif de réseau (1300, 1400) dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante, dans lequel le second groupe de symboles est un second préambule ; et

    dans lequel le second préambule est un préambule qui est différent du premier préambule et qui est sélectionné de manière aléatoire par le dispositif terminal (1100, 1200) à partir d'un ensemble de préambules, l'ensemble de préambules comprend au moins deux préambules, et les préambules dans l'ensemble de préambules sont configurés par le dispositif de réseau (1300, 1400) pour le dispositif terminal (1100, 1200).


     
    2. Procédé d'envoi de signal selon la revendication 1, dans lequel K vaut 2 ; et
    chaque groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante est utilisé pour envoyer deux groupes de symboles dans le premier groupe de symboles.
     
    3. Procédé d'envoi de signal selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel K vaut 4 ; et
    chaque groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante est utilisé pour envoyer un groupe de symboles dans le premier groupe de symboles.
     
    4. Procédé d'envoi de signal selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les sous-trames de liaison montante comprises dans n'importe quel groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante comprennent au moins une sous-trame de liaison montante qui se trouve dans les 5 premières ms d'une trame radio, ou au moins une sous-trame de liaison montante qui se trouve dans les 5 dernières ms d'une trame radio.
     
    5. Dispositif de réseau (1300, 1400), comprenant :

    une unité de traitement (1101, 1201, 1302, 1401), configurée pour effectuer une mesure de synchronisation de liaison montante sur un dispositif terminal (1100, 1200) sur la base du premier préambule,

    caractérisé par

    une unité d'émetteur-récepteur (1102, 1202, 1301, 1402), configurée pour recevoir un premier groupe de symboles envoyé par un dispositif terminal (1100, 1200) dans K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante, dans lequel deux groupes quelconques de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante ne sont pas adjacents et sont séparés par au moins une sous-trame qui n'est pas une sous-trame de liaison montante ;

    le premier groupe de symboles qui est un premier préambule, et le premier groupe de symboles comprend quatre groupes de symboles ; et chaque groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante comprend au moins une sous-trame de liaison montante, et des sous-trames de liaison montante comprises dans le groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante sont des sous-trames contiguës, dans lequel K est un entier positif supérieur à 1 et inférieur ou égal à 4 ; et

    dans lequel l'unité d'émetteur-récepteur (1102, 1202, 1301, 1402) est en outre configurée pour :

    recevoir du dispositif terminal (1100, 1200) un second groupe de symboles dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante, dans lequel le second groupe de symboles est un second préambule ; et

    dans lequel le dispositif de réseau (1300, 1400) est adapté pour configurer un ensemble de préambules dans le dispositif terminal (1100, 1200), l'ensemble de préambules comprenant le premier préambule et le second préambule, le second préambule étant différent du premier préambule.


     
    6. Dispositif de réseau (1300, 1400) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel K vaut 2 ; et
    chaque groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante est utilisé pour envoyer deux groupes de symboles dans le premier groupe de symboles.
     
    7. Dispositif de réseau (1300, 1400) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel K vaut 4 ; et
    chaque groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante est utilisé pour envoyer un groupe de symboles dans le premier groupe de symboles.
     
    8. Dispositif de réseau (1300, 1400) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel les sous-trames de liaison montante comprises dans n'importe quel groupe de sous-trames de liaison montante dans les K groupes de sous-trames de liaison montante comprennent au moins une sous-trame de liaison montante qui se trouve dans les 5 premières ms d'une trame radio, ou au moins une sous-trame de liaison montante qui se trouve dans les 5 dernières ms d'une trame radio.
     
    9. Support de stockage lisible par ordinateur comprenant des instructions qui, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées par un ordinateur, amènent l'ordinateur à mettre en Ĺ“uvre le procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description