(19)
(11)EP 3 667 974 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 19204054.1

(22)Date of filing:  29.07.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 1/18(2006.01)
H04L 5/00(2006.01)
H04L 1/00(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
15899263.6 / 3316611

(71)Applicant: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • MIAO, Jinhua
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Jian
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • ZENG, Qinghai
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • QUAN, Wei
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • LI, Bingzhao
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • TANG, Xun
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 18-10-2019 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
Remarks:
Claims filed after the date of receipt of the divisional application (Rule 68(4) EPC).
 


(54)FEEDBACK INFORMATION SENDING APPARATUS AND METHOD, AND FEEDBACK INFORMATION RECEIVING APPARATUS AND METHOD


(57) Embodiments of the present invention provide a feedback information sending apparatus and method, and a feedback information receiving apparatus and method, and relate to the communications field. The method includes: allocating, by an eNB, a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2; sending, by the UE to the eNB by using the uplink shared resource, uplink data that includes an identifier of the UE and/or buffer status information corresponding to the UE; generating, by the eNB according to successfully received uplink data, feedback information that includes the identifier of UE and/or an uplink scheduling grant; and sending, by the eNB, the feedback information by using a MAC PDU, or sending acknowledgement information by using a downlink resource indicated by a combination of an agreed feedback location and an offset. According to the present invention, a problem that an eNB cannot correctly send feedback information to each UE when the multiple UEs send uplink data by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS is resolved, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to the communications field, and in particular, to a feedback information sending apparatus and method.

BACKGROUND



[0002] After user equipment (English: User Equipment, UE for short) sends uplink data to an evolved NodeB (English: Evolved Node B, eNB for short), the eNB usually needs to send feedback information to the UE.

[0003] In Long Term Evolution (English: Long Term Evolution, LTE for short), if UE sends uplink data to an eNB by using an uplink shared resource A on a physical uplink shared channel (English: Physical Uplink Shared Channel, PUSCH for short), where the uplink shared resource A further includes a demodulation reference signal (Demodulation ReFerence Signal, DM-RS) corresponding to the UE, the eNB receives and decodes the uplink data according to the DM-RS corresponding to the UE. After correctly receiving and decoding the uplink data, the eNB sends acknowledgement information (English: Acknowledgement, ACK for short) to the UE or sends negative acknowledgement information (English: Nacknowledgement, NACK for short) to the UE by using an agreed downlink resource B on a physical HARQ indicator channel (English: Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator, PHICH for short). It can be learnt from an LTE communications protocol that a resource location of the agreed downlink resource is obtained by means of calculation according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource A and the DM-RS.

[0004] During a process of implementing the present invention, the inventor finds that the prior art has at least the following problem: When multiple UEs use a contention based uplink data transmission mode, an eNB may allocate a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS to the multiple UEs. When the multiple UEs send uplink data to the eNB by using the same uplink shared resource, a conflict occurs because the different UEs use the same uplink shared resource and the same DM-RS. Consequently, the eNB cannot correctly send feedback information to the different UEs according to an agreed downlink resource.

SUMMARY



[0005] To resolve the prior-art problem, embodiments of the present invention provide a feedback information sending apparatus and method, and a feedback information receiving apparatus and method.

[0006] According to a first aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information sending apparatus, where the apparatus includes:

a processing module, configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2;

a receiving module, configured to receive uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs, where

the processing module is further configured to determine n UEs, where uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1; and

the processing module is further configured to generate feedback information, where the feedback information includes n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs; and

a sending module, configured to send the feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU.



[0007] In a first possible implementation of the first aspect, the uplink data further includes buffer status information of the UEs, and the buffer status information of the UEs is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data of the UEs; and
the processing module is further configured to obtain the identifiers of the UEs and the buffer status information of the UEs by means of decoding;
the processing module is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants of the UEs, where the uplink scheduling grants of the UEs are generated according to the buffer status information of the UEs; and
the processing module is further configured to generate the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the UEs.

[0008] In a second possible implementation of the first aspect, x pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n>x≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processing module is further configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to x UEs;
the processing module is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to the x UEs, where the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs; and
the processing module is further configured to generate the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

[0009] In a third possible implementation of the first aspect, y pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n≥y≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processing module is further configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to y UEs;
the processing module is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, where y>x≥1, the x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs; and
the processing module is further configured to generate the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

[0010] With reference to the second possible implementation of the first aspect or the third possible implementation of the first aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the first aspect, the processing module is configured to generate the feedback information, where the feedback information includes a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants;
the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; and
when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity; or when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is not followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity, where
the first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.

[0011] With reference to the first aspect, the first possible implementation of the first aspect, the second possible implementation of the first aspect, the third possible implementation of the first aspect, or the fourth possible implementation of the first aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the first aspect,
the processing module is further configured to generate the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information;
the sending module is further configured to scramble control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, where the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU;
the sending module is further configured to send the control channel indication information to the UE; and
the sending module is further configured to send the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

[0012] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the first aspect, in a sixth possible implementation of the first aspect, the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, where the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0013] With reference to the first aspect, the first possible implementation of the first aspect, the second possible implementation of the first aspect, the third possible implementation of the first aspect, the fourth possible implementation of the first aspect, the fifth possible implementation of the first aspect, or the sixth possible implementation of the first aspect, in a seventh possible implementation of the first aspect,
the processing module is further configured to allocate respective corresponding second random numbers to the m UEs, where the second random number is a random number used for determining, when the feedback information does not include the identifier of the UE, whether the uplink data is re-sent on a first available uplink shared resource.

[0014] According to a second aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information sending apparatus, where the apparatus includes:

a processing module, configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource and a same demodulation reference signal DM-RS to m user equipments UEs, where m≥2;

a receiving module, configured to receive uplink data by using the DM-RS, where the uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs, where

the processing module is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, where the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS; and

the processing module is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, where the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

a sending module, configured to send acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, where the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.



[0015] In a first possible implementation of the second aspect, the processing module is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0016] With reference to the first possible implementation of the second aspect, in a second possible implementation of the second aspect, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0017] With reference to the second possible implementation of the second aspect, in a third possible implementation of the second aspect, the processing module is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0018] According to a third aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information receiving apparatus, where the apparatus includes:

a processing module, configured to determine an uplink shared resource of user equipment UE;

a sending module, configured to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE; and

a receiving module, configured to receive feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU, where the feedback information includes n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by an eNB, and n≥1.



[0019] In a first possible implementation of the third aspect,
the processing module is configured to generate the uplink data, where the uplink data includes the identifier and buffer status information that are of the UE, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and
the sending module is configured to send the uplink data to the eNB.

[0020] In a second possible implementation of the third aspect,
the processing module is further configured to: read the ith identifier from the feedback information, where n≥i≥1; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

[0021] With reference to the first possible implementation of the third aspect, in a third possible implementation of the third aspect,
the processing module is further configured to: read the ith identifier and the corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where n≥i≥1; and
the sending module is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0022] With reference to the third aspect or the first possible implementation of the third aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the third aspect,
the processing module is further configured to: read a quantity of significant bits and a bit mapping sequence from the feedback information, where the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, read the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE;
the sending module is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant; and
the processing module is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, read the ith identifier from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

[0023] With reference to the second possible implementation of the third aspect, the third possible implementation of the third aspect, or the fourth possible implementation of the third aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the third aspect, the sending module is further configured to: when the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, that is, when the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data of the UE, re-send the uplink data.

[0024] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the third aspect, in a sixth possible implementation of the third aspect,
the processing module is configured to randomly generate a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists;
the processing module is configured to: read a second random number from a buffer, where the second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB; and determine whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition;
the sending module is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, re-send the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource; and
the processing module is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-generate a first random number.

[0025] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the third aspect, in a seventh possible implementation of the third aspect,
the processing module is configured to randomly generate a random backoff time; and
the sending module is configured to re-send the uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.

[0026] With reference to the third aspect, the first possible implementation of the third aspect, the second possible implementation of the third aspect, or the third possible implementation of the third aspect, in an eighth possible implementation of the third aspect,
the receiving module is configured to receive the control channel indication information;
the receiving module is configured to descramble the control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, where the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU; and
the receiving module is configured to receive the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0027] With reference to the eighth possible implementation of the third aspect, in a ninth possible implementation of the third aspect, the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, where the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0028] According to a fourth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information receiving apparatus, where the apparatus includes:

a processing module, configured to determine an uplink shared resource and a demodulation reference signal DM-RS that are of user equipment UE;

a sending module, configured to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE, where

the processing module is configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, where the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS; and

the processing module is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, where the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

a receiving module, configured to receive acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, where the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.



[0029] In a first possible implementation of the fourth aspect, the processing module is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0030] With reference to the first possible implementation of the fourth aspect, in a second possible implementation of the fourth aspect, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0031] With reference to the second possible implementation of the fourth aspect, in a third possible implementation of the fourth aspect, the processing module is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0032] According to a fifth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a base station, where the base station includes a processor, a memory, and a transceiver, the memory is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor;
the processor is configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource to m user equipments UEs, where m≥2;
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to receive uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;
the processor is further configured to determine n UEs, where uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1;
the processor is further configured to generate feedback information, where the feedback information includes n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send the feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU.

[0033] In a first possible implementation of the fifth aspect, the uplink data further includes buffer status information of the UEs, and the buffer status information of the UEs is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processor is configured to obtain the identifiers of the UEs and the buffer status information of the UEs by means of decoding;
the processor is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants of the UEs, where the uplink scheduling grants of the UEs are generated according to the buffer status information of the UEs; and
the processor is configured to generate the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the UEs.

[0034] In a second possible implementation of the fifth aspect, x pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n>x≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processor is configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and the buffer status information corresponding to x UEs;
the processor is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to the x UEs, where the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs; and
the processor is configured to generate the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

[0035] In a third possible implementation of the fifth aspect, y pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n≥y≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processor is configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and the buffer status information corresponding to y UEs;
the processor is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, where y>x≥1, the x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs; and
the processor is configured to generate the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

[0036] With reference to the second possible implementation of the fifth aspect or the third possible implementation of the fifth aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the fifth aspect,
the processor is configured to generate the feedback information, where the feedback information includes a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants;
the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence;
the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; and
when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity; or when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is not followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity, where
the first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.

[0037] With reference to the fifth aspect, the first possible implementation of the fifth aspect, the second possible implementation of the fifth aspect, the third possible implementation of the fifth aspect, or the fourth possible implementation of the fifth aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the fifth aspect,
the processor is configured to generate the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information;
the processor is configured to scramble control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, where the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU;
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to send the control channel indication information to the UE; and
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to send the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

[0038] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the fifth aspect, in a sixth possible implementation of the fifth aspect, the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, where the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0039] With reference to the fifth aspect, the first possible implementation of the fifth aspect, the second possible implementation of the fifth aspect, the third possible implementation of the fifth aspect, the fourth possible implementation of the fifth aspect, the fifth possible implementation of the fifth aspect, or the sixth possible implementation of the fifth aspect, in a seventh possible implementation of the fifth aspect,
the processor is further configured to allocate respective corresponding second random numbers to the m UEs, where the second random number is a random number used for determining, when the feedback information does not include the identifier of the UE, whether the uplink data is re-sent on a first available uplink shared resource.

[0040] According to a sixth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a base station, where the base station includes a processor, a memory, and a transceiver, the memory is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor;
the processor is configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource and a same demodulation reference signal DM-RS to m user equipments UEs, where m≥2;
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to receive uplink data by using the DM-RS, where the uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;
the processor is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, where the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;
the processor is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, where the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, where the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0041] In a first possible implementation of the sixth aspect,
the processor is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0042] With reference to the first possible implementation of the sixth aspect, in a second possible implementation of the sixth aspect, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0043] With reference to the second possible implementation of the sixth aspect, in a third possible implementation of the sixth aspect,
the processor is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0044] According to a seventh aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides UE, where the UE includes a processor, a memory, and a transceiver, the memory is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor;
the processor is configured to determine an uplink shared resource of the user equipment UE, where the uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, and m≥2;
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to receive feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU, where the feedback information includes n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by an eNB, and m≥n≥1.

[0045] In a first possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the processor is configured to generate the uplink data, where the uplink data includes the identifier and buffer status information that are of the UE, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and the processor is configured to control the transceiver to send the uplink data to the eNB.

[0046] In a second possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the processor is further configured to read the ith identifier from the feedback information, where n≥i≥1; and
the processor is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

[0047] With reference to the first possible implementation of the seventh aspect, in a third possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the processor is further configured to read the ith identifier and the corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information;
the processor is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where n≥i≥1; and
the processor is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, control the transceiver to send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0048] With reference to the seventh aspect or the first possible implementation of the seventh aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the processor is further configured to read a quantity of significant bits and a bit mapping sequence from the feedback information, where the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity;
the processor is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, read the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information;
the processor is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE;
the processor is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, control the transceiver to send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant;
the processor is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, read the ith identifier from the feedback information; and
the processor is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where if the ith identifier of UE is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

[0049] With reference to the second possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the third possible implementation of the seventh aspect, or the fourth possible implementation of the seventh aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the processor is configured to: when the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, that is, when the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data of the UE, control the transceiver to re-send the uplink data.

[0050] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the seventh aspect, in a sixth possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the processor is configured to randomly generate a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists;
the processor is configured to read a second random number from a buffer, where the second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB;
the processor is configured to determine whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition;
the processor is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, control the transceiver to re-send the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource; and
the processor is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-perform the step of randomly generating a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.

[0051] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the seventh aspect, in a seventh possible implementation of the seventh aspect,
the processor is configured to randomly generate a random backoff time; and
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to re-send the uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.

[0052] With reference to the seventh aspect, the first possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the second possible implementation of the seventh aspect, or the third possible implementation of the seventh aspect, in an eighth possible implementation of the seventh aspect,
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to receive the control channel indication information;
the processor is configured to descramble the control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, where the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU; and
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to receive the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0053] With reference to the eighth possible implementation of the seventh aspect, in a ninth possible implementation of the seventh aspect, the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, where the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0054] According to an eighth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides UE, where the UE includes a processor, a memory, and a transceiver, the memory is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor;
the processor is configured to determine an uplink shared resource and a demodulation reference signal DM-RS that are of the user equipment UE, where the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS are the same as an uplink shared resource and a same DM-RS that are allocated by the eNB to m user equipments UEs, and m≥2;
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE;
the processor is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, where the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;
the processor is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, where the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to receive acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, where the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0055] In a first possible implementation of the eighth aspect,
the processor is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0056] With reference to the first possible implementation of the eighth aspect, in a second possible implementation of the eighth aspect, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0057] With reference to the second possible implementation of the eighth aspect, in a third possible implementation of the eighth aspect,
the processor is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0058] According to a ninth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information sending and receiving system, where the feedback information sending and receiving system includes:

an eNB and UE, where

the eNB includes the feedback information sending apparatus according to any one of the first aspect or the possible implementations of the first aspect; or the eNB includes the feedback information sending apparatus according to any one of the second aspect or the possible implementations of the second aspect; or the eNB includes the eNB according to any one of the fifth aspect or the possible implementations of the fifth aspect; or the eNB includes the eNB according to any one of the sixth aspect or the possible implementations of the sixth aspect; and

the UE includes the feedback information receiving apparatus according to any one of the third aspect or the possible implementations of the third aspect; or the UE includes the feedback information receiving apparatus according to any one of the fourth aspect or the possible implementations of the fourth aspect; or the UE includes the UE according to any one of the seventh aspect or the possible implementations of the seventh aspect; or the UE includes the UE according to any one of the eighth aspect or the possible implementations of the eighth aspect.



[0059] According to a tenth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information sending method, where the method includes:

allocating a same uplink shared resource to m user equipments UEs, where m≥2;

receiving uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;

determining n UEs, where uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1;

generating feedback information, where the feedback information includes n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs; and

sending the feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU.



[0060] In a first possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the uplink data further includes buffer status information of the UEs, and the buffer status information of the UEs is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data of the UEs; and
the generating feedback information includes:

obtaining the identifiers of the UEs and the buffer status information of the UEs by means of decoding;

generating uplink scheduling grants of the UEs, where the uplink scheduling grants of the UEs are generated according to the buffer status information of the UEs; and

generating the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the UEs.



[0061] In a second possible implementation of the tenth aspect, x pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n>x≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and
the generating feedback information includes:

obtaining, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and the buffer status information corresponding to x UEs;

generating uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to the x UEs, where the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs; and

generating the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.



[0062] In a third possible implementation of the tenth aspect, y pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n≥y≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and
the generating feedback information includes:

obtaining, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and the buffer status information corresponding to y UEs;

generating uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, where y>x≥1, the x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs; and

generating the feedback information, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.



[0063] With reference to the second possible implementation of the tenth aspect or the third possible implementation of the tenth aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the generating the feedback information includes:

generating the feedback information, where the feedback information includes a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants, where

the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence;

the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; and

when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity; or when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is not followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity, where

the first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.



[0064] With reference to the tenth aspect, the first possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the second possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the third possible implementation of the tenth aspect, or the fourth possible implementation of the tenth aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the sending the feedback information by using a MAC PDU includes:

generating the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information;

scrambling control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, where the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU;

sending the control channel indication information to the UE; and

sending the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.



[0065] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the tenth aspect, in a sixth possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, where the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0066] With reference to the tenth aspect, the first possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the second possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the third possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the fourth possible implementation of the tenth aspect, the fifth possible implementation of the tenth aspect, or the sixth possible implementation of the tenth aspect, in a seventh possible implementation of the tenth aspect, before the sending the feedback information by using a MAC PDU, the method further includes:
allocating respective corresponding second random numbers to the m UEs, where the second random number is a random number used for determining, by the UE when the feedback information does not include the identifier of the UE, whether the uplink data is re-sent on a first available uplink shared resource.

[0067] According to an eleventh aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information sending method, where the method includes:

allocating a same uplink shared resource and a same demodulation reference signal DM-RS to m user equipments UEs, where m≥2;

receiving uplink data by using the DM-RS, where the uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;

calculating an agreed feedback location, where the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;

calculating an offset of the UE, where the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

sending acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, where the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.



[0068] In a first possible implementation of the eleventh aspect, the calculating an offset of the UE includes:
performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0069] With reference to the first possible implementation of the eleventh aspect, in a second possible implementation of the eleventh aspect, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0070] With reference to the second possible implementation of the eleventh aspect, in a third possible implementation of the eleventh aspect, the performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE includes:
calculating the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0071] According to a twelfth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information receiving method, where the method includes:

determining an uplink shared resource of user equipment UE;

sending uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE; and

receiving feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU, where the feedback information includes n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by a base station, and m≥n≥1.



[0072] In a first possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the sending uplink data by using the uplink shared resource includes:

generating the uplink data, where the uplink data includes the identifier and buffer status information that are of the UE, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and

sending the uplink data to the eNB.



[0073] In a second possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the method further includes:

reading the ith identifier from the feedback information, where n≥i≥1; and

detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where

if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.



[0074] With reference to the first possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, in a third possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the method further includes:

reading the ith identifier and the corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information;

detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where n≥i≥1; and

if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, sending the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.



[0075] With reference to the twelfth aspect or the first possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, in a fourth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the method further includes:

reading a quantity of significant bits and a bit mapping sequence from the feedback information, where the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; and

when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, reading the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information; detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE; and if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, sending the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant; or when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, reading the ith identifier from the feedback information; and detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.



[0076] With reference to the second possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the third possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, or the fourth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, in a fifth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, after the detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, the method further includes:
if the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, that is, when the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data, re-sending the uplink data.

[0077] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, in a sixth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the re-sending the uplink data includes:

randomly generating a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists;

reading a second random number from a buffer, where the second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB;

determining whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition; and

if the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, re-sending the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource; or if the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-performing the step of randomly generating a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.



[0078] With reference to the fifth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, in a seventh possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the re-sending the uplink data includes:

randomly generating a random backoff time; and

re-sending the uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.



[0079] With reference to the twelfth aspect, the first possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the second possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, or the third possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, in an eighth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the receiving feedback information by using a MAC PDU includes:

receiving the control channel indication information;

descrambling the control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, where the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU; and

receiving the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.



[0080] With reference to the eighth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, in a ninth possible implementation of the twelfth aspect, the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, where the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0081] According to a thirteenth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a feedback information receiving method, where the method includes:

determining an uplink shared resource and a demodulation reference signal DM-RS that are of user equipment UE;

sending uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE;

calculating an agreed feedback location, where the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;

calculating an offset of the UE, where the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

receiving acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, where the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.



[0082] In a first possible implementation of the thirteenth aspect, the calculating an offset of the UE includes:
performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0083] With reference to the first possible implementation of the thirteenth aspect, in a second possible implementation of the thirteenth aspect, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0084] With reference to the second possible implementation of the thirteenth aspect, in a third possible implementation of the thirteenth aspect, the offset of the UE includes:
the performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE includes:
calculating the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0085] Beneficial effects of the technical solutions provided in the embodiments of the present invention are as follows:

[0086] The eNB allocates the same uplink shared resource to the m UEs, where m≥2; the UE sends the uplink data by using the uplink shared resource; the eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes the identifier of the UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs; the eNB generates the feedback information according to the successfully received uplink data of the n UEs, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers, and m≥n≥1; and the eNB sends the feedback information by using the MAC PDU. This resolves a prior-art problem that an eNB cannot correctly send feedback information to different UEs according to an agreed downlink resource when the multiple UEs send uplink data by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0087] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a feedback information sending apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a feedback information sending apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a feedback information receiving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a feedback information receiving apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a feedback information receiving apparatus according to still another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a structural block diagram of an eNB according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a structural block diagram of an eNB according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a structural block diagram of UE according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 9 is a structural block diagram of UE according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 10 is a block diagram of a feedback information sending and receiving system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 11 is a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of a feedback information format according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 13A and FIG. 13B are a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B are a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 15 is a schematic diagram of a feedback information format according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C are a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 17 is a schematic diagram of a feedback information format according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 18A, FIG. 18B, and FIG. 18C are a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 19 is a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 20 is a flowchart of an uplink data re-sending method according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 21 is a flowchart of an uplink data re-sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0088] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the following further describes implementations of the present invention in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0089] Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 1 shows a block diagram of a feedback information sending apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending apparatus may be implemented as all or a part of an eNB by using software, hardware, or a combination of software and hardware. The feedback information sending apparatus may include a processing module 110, a receiving module 120, and a sending module 130.

[0090] The processing module 110 is configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0091] The receiving module 120 is configured to receive uplink data on the uplink shared resource. The uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs.

[0092] The processing module 110 is further configured to determine n UEs. Uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1.

[0093] The eNB determines, according to the successfully received uplink data that includes identifiers of the UEs, the UE that sends the uplink data.

[0094] The processing module 110 is further configured to generate feedback information. The feedback information includes n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs.

[0095] The sending module 130 is configured to send the feedback information by using a medium layer user packet data unit (English: Media access control packet data unit, MAC PDU for short).

[0096] In conclusion, according to the feedback information sending apparatus provided in this embodiment, the eNB allocates the same uplink shared resource to the m UEs, where m≥2; the eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes the identifier of the UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs; the eNB generates the feedback information according to the successfully received uplink data of the n UEs, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers, and m≥n≥1; and the eNB sends the feedback information by using the MAC PDU. This resolves a prior-art problem that an eNB cannot correctly send feedback information to different UEs according to an agreed downlink resource when the multiple UEs send uplink data by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.

[0097] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the uplink data further includes buffer status information of the UEs, and the buffer status information of the UEs is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data of the UEs.

[0098] The processing module 110 is further configured to obtain the identifiers of the UEs and the buffer status information of the UEs by means of decoding.

[0099] The processing module 110 is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants of the UEs. The uplink scheduling grants of the UEs are generated according to the buffer status information of the UEs.

[0100] The processing module 110 is further configured to generate the feedback information. The feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the UEs.

[0101] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, x pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n>x≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data.

[0102] The processing module 110 is further configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to x UEs.

[0103] The processing module 110 is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to the x UEs. The x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs.

[0104] The processing module 110 is further configured to generate the feedback information. The feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

[0105] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, y pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n≥y≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data.

[0106] The processing module 110 is further configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to y UEs.

[0107] The processing module 110 is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, where y>x≥1. The x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs.

[0108] The processing module 110 is further configured to generate the feedback information. The feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

[0109] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 1,
the processing module 110 is configured to generate the feedback information. The feedback information includes a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants.

[0110] The quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence. The bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity.

[0111] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity.

[0112] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is not followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity.

[0113] The first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.

[0114] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 1,
the processing module 110 is configured to generate the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE. The MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0115] The sending module 130 is configured to scramble control channel indication information by using a designated identifier. The designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0116] The sending module 130 is configured to send the control channel indication information to the UE.

[0117] The sending module 130 is configured to send the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

[0118] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier user equipment (English: Contention based Radio Network Temporary Identifier, CB-RNTI for short).

[0119] Alternatively, the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier (English: Transmission Time Interval Radio Network Temporary Identifier, TTI-RNTI for short). The TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0120] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 1,
the processing module 110 is further configured to allocate respective corresponding second random numbers to the m UEs. The second random number is a random number used for determining, when the feedback information does not include the identifier of the UE, whether the uplink data is re-sent on a first available uplink shared resource.

[0121] Referring to FIG. 2, FIG. 2 shows a block diagram of a feedback information sending apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending apparatus may be implemented as all or a part of an eNB by using software, hardware, or a combination of software and hardware. The feedback information sending apparatus may include a processing module 210, a receiving module 220, and a sending module 230.

[0122] The processing module 210 is configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource and a same DM-RS to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0123] The receiving module 220 is configured to receive uplink data by using the DM-RS. The uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs.

[0124] The processing module 210 is configured to calculate an agreed feedback location. The agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS.

[0125] In this embodiment, the processing module 210 is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE. The offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE.

[0126] The sending module 230 is configured to send acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource. The resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0127] In conclusion, according to the feedback information sending apparatus provided in this embodiment, the eNB allocates the same uplink shared resource and DM-RS to the m UEs; the eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource by using the DM-RS; the eNB obtains the agreed feedback location by means of calculation according to the resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS, and obtains, by means of calculation according to the identifier of each UE, the offset corresponding to the UE; and for each UE, the eNB sends the acknowledgement information ACK to the UE on the downlink resource indicated by the combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset. This resolves a prior-art problem that an eNB cannot correctly send, by using a downlink resource located at an agreed feedback location, feedback information to each UE when the multiple UEs simultaneously send uplink data to the eNB by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.

[0128] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, the processing module 210 is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0129] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel (English: Physical Downlink Control Channel, PDCCH for short) to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block (English: Physical Resource Block, PRB for short) index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0130] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, the processing module 210 is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0131] Referring to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 shows a block diagram of a feedback information receiving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending apparatus may be implemented as all or a part of UE by using software, hardware, or a combination of software and hardware. The feedback information receiving apparatus may include a processing module 310, a sending module 320, and a receiving module 330.

[0132] The processing module 310 is configured to determine an uplink shared resource of UE. The uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, where m≥2.

[0133] The sending module 320 is configured to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource. The uplink data includes an identifier of the UE.

[0134] The receiving module 330 is configured to receive feedback information by using a MAC PDU. The feedback information includes n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by an eNB, and m≥n≥1.

[0135] In conclusion, according to the feedback information sending apparatus provided in this embodiment, the uplink shared resource of the user equipment UE is determined, where the uplink shared resource is the same as the uplink shared resource of the other m-1 UEs, and m≥2; the uplink data is sent by using the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes the identifier of the UE; the feedback information is received by using the Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that the uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by the eNB, and m≥n≥1. This resolves a prior-art problem that an eNB cannot correctly send, by using a downlink resource located at an agreed feedback location, feedback information to each UE when the multiple UEs simultaneously send uplink data to the eNB by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.

[0136] Referring to FIG. 4, FIG. 4 shows a block diagram of a feedback information receiving apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending apparatus may be implemented as all or a part of UE by using software, hardware, or a combination of software and hardware. The feedback information receiving apparatus may include a processing module 410, a sending module 420, and a receiving module 430.

[0137] The processing module 410 is configured to determine an uplink shared resource of UE. The uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, where m≥2.

[0138] The sending module 420 is configured to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource. The uplink data includes an identifier of the UE.

[0139] The receiving module 430 is configured to receive feedback information by using a MAC PDU. The feedback information includes n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by an eNB, and m≥n≥1.

[0140] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the apparatus further includes:
the processing module 410 is further configured to generate the uplink data. The uplink data includes the identifier and buffer status information that are of the UE. The buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data.

[0141] The sending module 420 is configured to send the uplink data to the eNB.

[0142] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the apparatus further includes:
the processing module 410 is further configured to: read the ith identifier and the corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where n≥i≥1.

[0143] The sending module 420 is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0144] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 4,

[0145] the processing module 410 is further configured to: read a quantity of significant bits and a bit mapping sequence from the feedback information, where the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, read the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0146] The sending module 420 is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0147] The processing module 410 is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, read the ith identifier from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE. If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

[0148] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 4,
the sending module 420 is further configured to: when the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, that is, when the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data of the UE, re-send the uplink data.

[0149] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 4,
the processing module 410 is configured to randomly generate a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.

[0150] The processing module 410 is configured to: read a second random number from a buffer, where the second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB; and determine whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition.

[0151] The sending module 420 is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, re-send the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource.

[0152] The processing module 410 is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-generate a first random number.

[0153] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 4,
the processing module 410 is configured to randomly generate a random backoff time.

[0154] The sending module 420 is configured to re-send the uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.

[0155] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 4,
the receiving module 430 is configured to receive the control channel indication information.

[0156] The receiving module 430 is configured to descramble the control channel indication information by using a designated identifier. The designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0157] The receiving module 430 is configured to receive the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information. The MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0158] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the designated identifier is a CB-RNTI or a TTI-RNTI. The TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0159] Referring to FIG. 5, FIG. 5 shows a block diagram of a feedback information receiving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information receiving apparatus may be implemented as all or a part of UE by using software, hardware, or a combination of software and hardware. The feedback information receiving apparatus may include a processing module 510, a sending module 520, and a receiving module 530.

[0160] The processing module 510 is configured to determine an uplink shared resource and a DM-RS that are of UE. The uplink shared resource and the DM-RS are the same as an uplink shared resource and a DM-RS that are allocated by an eNB to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0161] The sending module 520 is configured to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource. The uplink data includes an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE.

[0162] The processing module 510 is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location. The agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS.

[0163] The processing module 510 is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE. The offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE.

[0164] The receiving module 530 is configured to receive acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource. The resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0165] In conclusion, according to the feedback information sending apparatus provided in this embodiment, the eNB allocates the same uplink shared resource and DM-RS to the m UEs; the eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource by using the DM-RS; the eNB obtains the agreed feedback location by means of calculation according to the resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS, and obtains, by means of calculation according to the identifier of each UE, the offset corresponding to the UE; and for each UE, the eNB sends the acknowledgement information ACK to the UE on the downlink resource indicated by the combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset. This resolves a prior-art problem that an eNB cannot correctly send, by using a downlink resource located at an agreed feedback location, feedback information to each UE when the multiple UEs simultaneously send uplink data to the eNB by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.

[0166] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 5,
the processing module 510 is further configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0167] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 5, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0168] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 5, the processing module 510 is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0169] Referring to FIG. 6, FIG. 6 shows a structural block diagram of an eNB according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, an eNB 600 includes a bus 610, and a processor 620, a memory 630, and a transceiver 640 that perform communication by using the bus 610. The memory 630 is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor 620.

[0170] The processor 620 is configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0171] The processor 620 is further configured to control the transceiver 640 to receive uplink data on the uplink shared resource. The uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs.

[0172] The processor 620 is further configured to determine n UEs. Uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1

[0173] The processor 620 is further configured to generate feedback information. The feedback information includes n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs.

[0174] The processor 620 is further configured to control the transceiver 640 to send the feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU.

[0175] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the processor 620 is configured to obtain the identifiers of the UEs and buffer status information of the UEs by means of decoding.

[0176] The processor 620 is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants of the UEs. The uplink scheduling grants of the UEs are generated according to the buffer status information of the UEs.

[0177] The processor 620 is configured to generate the feedback information. The feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the UEs.

[0178] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, x pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n>x≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data.

[0179] The processor 620 is configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to x UEs.

[0180] The processor 620 is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to the x UEs. The x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs.

[0181] The processor 620 is configured to generate the feedback information. The feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

[0182] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, y pieces of the uplink data include buffer status information of the UE, n≥y≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data.

[0183] The processor 620 is configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to y UEs.

[0184] The processor 620 is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, where y>x≥1. The x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs.

[0185] The processor 620 is configured to generate the feedback information. The feedback information includes the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

[0186] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the processor 620 is configured to generate the feedback information. The feedback information includes a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants.

[0187] The quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence.

[0188] The bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity.

[0189] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity.

[0190] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is not followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity.

[0191] The first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.

[0192] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the processor 620 is configured to generate the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE. The MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0193] The processor 620 is configured to scramble control channel indication information by using a designated identifier. The designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0194] The processor 620 is configured to control the transceiver 640 to send the control channel indication information to the UE.

[0195] The processor 620 is configured to control the transceiver 640 to send the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

[0196] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the designated identifier is a CB-RNTI or a TTI-RNTI. The TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0197] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the processor 620 is further configured to allocate respective corresponding second random numbers to the m UEs. The second random number is a random number used for determining, when the feedback information does not include the identifier of the UE, whether the uplink data is re-sent on a first available uplink shared resource.

[0198] Referring to FIG. 7, FIG. 7 shows a structural block diagram of an eNB according to another embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 7, an eNB 700 includes a bus 710, and a processor 720, a memory 730, and a transceiver 740 that perform communication by using the bus 710. The memory 730 is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor 720.

[0199] The processor 720 is configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource and a same DM-RS to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0200] The processor 720 is further configured to control the transceiver 740 to receive uplink data by using the DM-RS. The uplink data includes an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs.

[0201] The processor 720 is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location. The agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS.

[0202] The processor 720 is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE. The offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE.

[0203] The processor 720 is further configured to control the transceiver 740 to send acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource. The resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0204] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 7, the processor 720 is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0205] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 7, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0206] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 7, the processor 720 is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0207] Referring to FIG. 8, FIG. 8 shows a structural block diagram of UE according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 8, UE 800 includes a bus 810, and a processor 820, a memory 830, and a transceiver 840 that perform communication by using the bus 810. The memory 830 is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor 820.

[0208] The processor 820 is configured to determine an uplink shared resource of the UE. The uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, where m≥2.

[0209] The processor 820 is further configured to control the transceiver 840 to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource. The uplink data includes an identifier of the UE.

[0210] The processor 820 is further configured to control the transceiver 840 to receive feedback information by using a MAC PDU. The feedback information includes n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by an eNB, and m≥n≥1.

[0211] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8,
the processor 820 is configured to generate the uplink data. The uplink data includes the identifier and buffer status information that are of the UE. The buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data.

[0212] The processor 820 is configured to control the transceiver 840 to send the uplink data to the eNB.

[0213] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8,
the processor 820 is further configured to read the ith identifier from the feedback information, where n≥i≥1.

[0214] The processor 820 is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE. If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

[0215] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8,
the processor 820 is further configured to read the ith identifier and the corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information.

[0216] The processor 820 is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, where n≥i≥1.

[0217] The processor 820 is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, control the transceiver 840 to send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0218] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8,
the processor 820 is further configured to read a quantity of significant bits and a bit mapping sequence from the feedback information. The quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity.

[0219] The processor 820 is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, read the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information.

[0220] The processor 820 is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0221] The processor 820 is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, control the transceiver 840 to send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0222] The processor 820 is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, read the ith identifier from the feedback information.

[0223] The processor 820 is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0224] If the ith identifier of UE is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

[0225] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the processor 820 is configured to: when the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, that is, when the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data of the UE, control the transceiver 840 to re-send the uplink data.

[0226] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the processor 820 is configured to randomly generate a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.

[0227] The processor 820 is configured to read a second random number from a buffer. The second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB.

[0228] The processor 820 is configured to determine whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition.

[0229] The processor 820 is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, control the transceiver 840 to re-send the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource.

[0230] The processor 820 is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-perform the step of randomly generating a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.

[0231] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the processor 820 is configured to randomly generate a random backoff time.

[0232] The processor 820 is configured to control the transceiver 840 to re-send the uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.

[0233] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the processor 820 is configured to control the transceiver 840 to receive the control channel indication information.

[0234] The processor 820 is configured to descramble the control channel indication information by using a designated identifier. The designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0235] The processor 820 is configured to control the transceiver 840 to receive the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information. The MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0236] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the designated identifier is a CB-RNTI or a TTI-RNTI. The TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

[0237] Referring to FIG. 9, FIG. 9 shows a structural block diagram of UE according to another embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 9, UE 900 includes a bus 910, and a processor 920, a memory 930, and a transceiver 940 that perform communication by using the bus 910. The memory 930 is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor 920.

[0238] The processor 920 is configured to determine an uplink shared resource and a DM-RS that are of the UE. The uplink shared resource and the DM-RS are the same as an uplink shared resource and a DM-RS that are allocated by the eNB to m user equipments UEs, where m≥2.

[0239] The processor 920 is further configured to control the transceiver 940 to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource. The uplink data includes an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE.

[0240] The processor 920 is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location. The agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS.

[0241] The processor 920 is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE. The offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE.

[0242] The processor 920 is further configured to control the transceiver 940 to receive acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource. The resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0243] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 9, the processor 920 is configured to:
perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0244] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 9, the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0245] In an optional embodiment provided based on the embodiment shown in FIG. 9, the processor 920 is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, where

and M is a positive integer.

[0246] Referring to FIG. 10, FIG. 10 shows a feedback information sending and receiving system according to an embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending and receiving system includes an eNB 1010 and UE 1020.

[0247] The eNB 1010 includes the feedback information sending apparatus provided in either the embodiment of FIG. 1 or the embodiment of FIG. 2, or the eNB 1010 includes the eNB provided in either the embodiment of FIG. 6 or the embodiment of FIG. 7.

[0248] The UE 1020 includes the feedback information receiving apparatus provided in any one of the embodiment of FIG. 3, the embodiment of FIG. 4, or the embodiment of FIG. 5, or the UE 1020 includes the UE provided in either the embodiment of FIG. 8 or the embodiment of FIG. 9.

[0249] Referring to FIG. 11, FIG. 11 shows a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to an embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending method includes the following steps.

[0250] Step 1101: An eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0251] In LTE, an uplink shared resource is a time-frequency resource on a PUSCH channel, and multiple UEs may share a same uplink shared resource to transmit data.

[0252] Generally, when allocating a same uplink shared resource to the m UEs, the eNB also allocates a same DM-RS to the m UEs. However, in this embodiment, even if the eNB allocates different DM-RSs to the m UEs, this embodiment can be normally implemented. Therefore, whether the m UEs use a same DR-MS is not limited in this embodiment.

[0253] Correspondingly, the UE determines an uplink shared resource of the UE. The uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, where m≥2. Specifically, the UE receives configuration information that is related to the uplink shared resource and that is sent by the eNB, and determines the uplink shared resource of the UE according to the received configuration information.

[0254] In other embodiments, if the eNB and the UE agree in advance on a configuration manner of an uplink shared resource, the UE may determine the uplink shared resource by itself according to the configuration manner agreed in advance.

[0255] Step 1102: The UE sends uplink data by using the uplink shared resource allocated by the eNB, where the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE.

[0256] For example, the eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to ten UEs. If three UEs in the ten UEs need to send respective uplink data simultaneously, the three UEs that need to send the uplink data send the respective uplink data to the eNB on the same uplink shared resource simultaneously.

[0257] In addition, all the uplink data sent by the three UEs include an identifier of the corresponding UE. That is, the uplink data of each UE includes the identifier of the UE and data information sent by the UE. The UE may further send, on the uplink shared resource, a DM-RS corresponding to the UE, so that the eNB can decode the uplink data.

[0258] Step 1103: The eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes the identifier of the UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs.

[0259] The eNB performs channel estimation by using the DM-RS on the uplink shared resource, and obtains, by means of decoding, the uplink data from the uplink shared resource according to a result of the channel estimation. The uplink data includes the identifier of the UE and the data information sent by the UE.

[0260] Optionally, the identifier is a C-RNTI of the UE.

[0261] Step 1104: Determine n UEs, where uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1.

[0262] The eNB determines, according to the successfully received uplink data that includes identifiers of the UEs, the UE that sends the uplink data.

[0263] Step 1105: The eNB generates feedback information, where the feedback information includes n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs.

[0264] The eNB generates, according to the successfully received uplink data that includes the identifiers of the UEs, the feedback information that includes the corresponding identifiers.

[0265] Step 1106: The eNB sends the feedback information by using a MAC PDU.

[0266] Step 1107: The UE receives the feedback information by using the MAC PDU, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that the uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by the base station, and m≥n≥1.

[0267] In conclusion, according to the feedback information sending method provided in this embodiment, the eNB allocates the same uplink shared resource to the m UEs, where m≥2; the eNB receives, on the uplink shared resource, the uplink data sent by at least one of the UEs, where the uplink data of each UE includes the identifier of the respective corresponding UE, and m≥n≥1; the eNB generates the feedback information according to the n pieces of the successfully received uplink data, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers; and the eNB sends the feedback information by using the MAC PDU. This resolves a prior-art problem that an eNB cannot correctly send feedback information to different UEs according to an agreed downlink resource when the multiple UEs send uplink data by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.

[0268] It should be noted that the steps related to an eNB side in the embodiment of FIG. 11 may be independently implemented as a feedback information sending method from a perspective of the eNB side, and the steps related to a UE side may be independently implemented as a feedback information receiving method from a perspective of the UE side.

[0269] A schematic diagram of a feedback information format in this embodiment is shown in FIG. 12. FIG. 12 shows feedback information that includes n identifiers.

[0270] If an identifier is represented by a C-RNTI, C-RNTI i represents the ith identifier in the feedback information. Each C-RNTI occupies 16 bits, and each octet Oct is 8 bits. Therefore, each identifier C-RNTI in the feedback information occupies two octets.

[0271] Referring to FIG. 13A and FIG. 13B, FIG. 13A and FIG. 13B show a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to an embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending method includes the following steps.

[0272] Step 1301: An eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0273] Correspondingly, the UE determines an uplink shared resource of the UE. The uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, where m≥2.

[0274] Step 1302: The UE sends uplink data by using the uplink shared resource allocated by the eNB, where the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE.

[0275] Step 1303: The eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes the identifier of the UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs.

[0276] Step 1304: Determine n UEs, where uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1.

[0277] Step 1305: The eNB generates feedback information, where the feedback information includes n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs.

[0278] Step 1301 to step 1305 are the same as step 1101 to step 1105, and reference is made to the embodiment shown in FIG. 11.

[0279] Step 1306: The eNB generates a MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0280] The eNB generates, according to the n pieces of the successfully received uplink data, the feedback information that includes the n identifiers, and the eNB generates, by using the feedback information that includes the n identifiers, the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE. The MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0281] Step 1307: The eNB scrambles control channel indication information by using a designated identifier.

[0282] The designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0283] The designated identifier is the identifier corresponding to the m UEs. In other words, the designated identifier is an identifier shared by the m UEs.

[0284] Optionally, the designated identifier is a CB-RNTI or a TTI-RNTI.

[0285] The CB-RNTI is an identifier pre-allocated by the eNB in a contention based uplink data transmission mode.

[0286] The TTI-RNTI is related to a resource location of the uplink shared resource in step 1302.

[0287] Optionally, TTI-RNTI=a+suf_id+bfeq_id, where suf id is a subframe number corresponding to the uplink shared resource, feq_id is a least significant bit in a physical resource block corresponding to the uplink shared resource, and both a and b are positive integers. For example, a=1, and b=10.

[0288] The control channel indication information is used to indicate the resource location of the downlink resource on a PUSCH channel, and the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information is used to carry and send the MAC PDU. The eNB first sends the control channel indication information by using a PDCCH. That is, the eNB scrambles the control channel indication information of the MAC PDU by using the designated identifier, and sends the scrambled control channel indication information to the UE by using the PDCCH channel.

[0289] Step 1308: The eNB sends the control channel indication information to the UE.

[0290] Correspondingly, the UE receives the control channel indication information sent by the eNB.

[0291] Step 1309: The UE descrambles the control channel indication information by using the designated identifier.

[0292] The designated identifier is the identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate the resource location of the downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0293] The UE obtains, by means of descrambling on the PDCCH channel by using the designated identifier, the resource location of the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information. Only the UE that has the designated identifier can receive the control channel indication information.

[0294] Step 1310: The eNB sends the MAC PDU by using a downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

[0295] The eNB sends the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information on the PDCCH.

[0296] Step 1311: The UE receives the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0297] The UE obtains the feedback information from the MAC PDU by means of decoding.

[0298] Step 1312: The UE reads the ith identifier from the feedback information, where n≥i≥1, and detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0299] The UE reads the ith identifier from the feedback information, where n≥i≥1. In other words, the UE reads information with a fixed length from the feedback information every time, and the information with the fixed length is considered as one identifier. Optionally, the fixed length is 16 bits.

[0300] The UE detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0301] If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, go to step 1313. If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, go to step 1314.

[0302] Step 1313: If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data.

[0303] Step 1314: If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, determine whether i is equal to n; and if i=n, go to step 1315, or if i is not equal to n, set i=i+1, and re-perform the step of reading the ith identifier from the feedback information.

[0304] That is, the UE performs step 1312 repeatedly until all the identifiers in the feedback information are read.

[0305] Step 1315: If the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, it indicates that the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data, and the uplink data is re-sent.

[0306] In conclusion, according to the feedback information sending method provided in this embodiment, the eNB allocates the same uplink shared resource to the m UEs, where m≥2; the eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data of each UE includes the identifier of the respective corresponding UE; the eNB generates the feedback information according to the n pieces of the successfully received uplink data, where the feedback information includes the n identifiers, and m≥n≥1; the eNB sends the feedback information by using the MAC PDU; and when the UE does not find the identifier of the corresponding UE in the feedback information, it indicates that the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data, and the uplink data is re-sent by using a different method. This resolves a prior-art problem that an eNB cannot correctly send feedback information to different UEs according to an agreed downlink resource when the multiple UEs send uplink data by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.

[0307] It should be noted that the steps related to an eNB side in the embodiment of FIG. 13A and FIG. 13B may be independently implemented as a feedback information sending method from a perspective of the eNB side, and the steps related to a UE side may be independently implemented as a feedback information receiving method from a perspective of the UE side.

[0308] Generally, the UE has remaining to-be-sent data. In an optional embodiment, the eNB may further deliver an uplink scheduling grant (English: Up Link Grant, UL Grant for short) to the UE in the feedback information. The uplink scheduling grant is used to instruct the UE to send the remaining to-be-sent data in a scheduling based uplink data sending mode. Reference is made to the following embodiment.

[0309] Referring to FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B, FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B show a flowchart of an information feedback method according to another embodiment of the present invention. The information feedback method includes the following steps.

[0310] Step 1401: An eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0311] Correspondingly, the UE determines an uplink shared resource of the UE. The uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, where m≥2.

[0312] Step 1402: The UE sends uplink data by using the uplink shared resource allocated by the eNB, where the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE.

[0313] Different from the previous embodiment, uplink data sent by each UE not only includes an identifier of the UE, but also includes buffer status information of the UE. The buffer status information is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data.

[0314] For example, the eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to ten UEs. If six UEs in the ten UEs need to send uplink data simultaneously, and all the six UEs that need to send the uplink data have information about remaining to-be-sent data, the six UEs that need to send the uplink data send the uplink data to the eNB on the uplink shared resource simultaneously. The uplink data includes an identifier of UE, buffer status information of the UE, and data information sent by the UE this time.

[0315] Optionally, the buffer status information of the UE includes a volume of remaining to-be-sent data, for example, a 1-bit data volume, or only indicates that there is remaining to-be-sent data in a buffer, but does not indicate a volume of to-be-sent data.

[0316] Step 1403: The eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes the identifier of the UE and buffer status information of the UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data of the UE.

[0317] The eNB performs channel estimation by using a DM-RS on the uplink shared resource, and obtains, by means of decoding, the uplink data from the uplink shared resource according to a result of the channel estimation. The uplink data includes the identifier of the UE, the buffer status information of the UE, and the data information sent by the UE this time.

[0318] Step 1404: The eNB obtains the identifier of the UE and the buffer status information of the UE by means of decoding.

[0319] The eNB obtains, by means of decoding according to the successfully received uplink data, the identifier of the UE and the buffer status information of the UE that are included in the uplink data.

[0320] Step 1405: The eNB generates an uplink scheduling grant of the UE, where the uplink scheduling grant of the UE is generated according to the buffer status information of the UE.

[0321] For each piece of successfully received uplink data, the eNB further generates an uplink scheduling grant, that is, a UL Grant, for the corresponding UE according to the buffer status information included in the uplink data.

[0322] The UL Grant includes at least a resource location of an uplink transmission resource allocated to the UE. Optionally, the UL Grant includes a modulation and coding scheme (English: Modulation and Coding Scheme, MCS for short), a repetition period, and the like. The MCS is used to indicate a specific modulation and coding scheme used by the UE to transmit the uplink data. The repetition period is a period in which the uplink transmission resource allocated by the eNB to the UE appears repeatedly when semi-persistent scheduling is used in this uplink transmission scheduling. The semi-persistent scheduling is a scheduling manner in which the eNB allocates, to the UE at one time, uplink transmission resources that appear periodically.

[0323] It should be noted that volumes of information carried in UL Grants corresponding to UEs may be different, but a quantity of bits occupied by each UL Grant may be fixed, for example, each UL Grant occupies 20 bits.

[0324] Optionally, the quantity of bits occupied by each UL Grant may be unfixed, for example, each UL Grant occupies 10 bits, 20 bits, or the like. In this embodiment, an example in which each UL Grant occupies 20 bits is used for description. That is, a quantity of bits occupied by each UL Grant is not limited in this embodiment.

[0325] Step 1406: The eNB generates feedback information, where the feedback information includes n identifiers and uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the identifiers.

[0326] In the feedback information, the identifiers and the UL Grants corresponding to the identifiers are in pairs. Optionally, an identifier is followed by a UL Grant corresponding to the identifier.

[0327] A schematic diagram of a feedback information format in this embodiment is shown in FIG. 15. FIG. 15 shows feedback information that includes n identifiers and UL Grants corresponding to the identifiers.

[0328] If an identifier is represented by a C-RNTI, C-RNTI i represents the ith identifier in the feedback information. Each C-RNTI occupies 16 bits, and each octet Oct is 8 bits. Therefore, each identifier C-RNTI in the feedback information occupies two octets.

[0329] Each identifier C-RNTI is followed by a UL Grant corresponding to the identifier, and each UL Grant occupies 20 bits. Padding indicates a padding bit.

[0330] Step 1407: The eNB generates a MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0331] The eNB generates, according to n pieces of the successfully received uplink data, the feedback information that includes the n identifiers, and the eNB generates, by using the feedback information that includes the n identifiers, the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE. The MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0332] Step 1408: The eNB scrambles control channel indication information by using a designated identifier.

[0333] The designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0334] The designated identifier is the identifier corresponding to the m UEs. In other words, the designated identifier is an identifier shared by the m UEs.

[0335] Optionally, the designated identifier is a CB-RNTI or a TTI-RNTI.

[0336] The CB-RNTI is an identifier pre-allocated by the eNB in a contention based uplink data transmission mode.

[0337] The TTI-RNTI is related to a resource location of the uplink shared resource in step 1402.

[0338] Optionally, TTI-RNTI=a+suf_id+bfeq_id, where suf id is a subframe number corresponding to the uplink shared resource, feq_id is a least significant bit in a physical resource block corresponding to the uplink shared resource, and both a and b are positive integers. For example, a=1, and b=10.

[0339] The control channel indication information is used to indicate the resource location of the downlink resource on a PUSCH channel, and the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information is used to carry and send the MAC PDU. The eNB first sends the control channel indication information to the UE by using a PDCCH channel. That is, the eNB scrambles the control channel indication information of the MAC PDU by using the designated identifier, and sends the scrambled control channel indication information to the UE by using the PDCCH channel.

[0340] Step 1409: The eNB sends the control channel indication information to the UE.

[0341] Correspondingly, the UE receives the control channel indication information sent by the eNB.

[0342] Step 1410: The UE descrambles the control channel indication information by using the designated identifier.

[0343] The designated identifier is the identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate the resource location of the downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0344] The UE obtains, by means of descrambling on the PDCCH by using the designated identifier, the resource location of the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information. Only the UE that has the designated identifier can receive the control channel indication information.

[0345] Step 1411: The eNB sends the MAC PDU by using a downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

[0346] The eNB sends the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information on the PDCCH.

[0347] Step 1412: The UE receives the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0348] The UE obtains the feedback information from the MAC PDU by means of decoding. Optionally, the feedback information format is shown in FIG. 15.

[0349] Step 1413: The UE reads the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information, and detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0350] The UE reads, from the feedback information, the ith identifier and the UL Grant corresponding to the ith identifier, where n≥i≥1. In other words, the UE reads information with a fixed length from the feedback information every time, and the information with the fixed length is considered as "one identifier + one UL Grant". Optionally, the fixed length is 16+20=36 bits.

[0351] The UE detects whether the ith identifier of UE is the identifier of the UE.

[0352] If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, go to step 1414. If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, go to step 1415.

[0353] Step 1414: If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data, and the UE sends the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0354] If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, the UL Grant corresponding to the ith identifier is a UL Grant corresponding to the UE. The UE sends the remaining to-be-sent data in a buffer to the eNB in a scheduling based uplink data sending mode according to an instruction of the UL Grant.

[0355] Step 1415: If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, determine whether i is equal to n; and if i=n, go to step 1416, or if i is not equal to n, set i=i+1, and re-perform the step of reading the ith identifier and an uplink scheduling grant corresponding to the ith identifier from the feedback information.

[0356] That is, the UE performs step 1412 repeatedly until all the identifiers and UL Grants in the feedback information are read.

[0357] Step 1416: If the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, it indicates that the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data, and the UE re-sends the uplink data.

[0358] If a quantity of times of re-sending the uplink data by the UE to the eNB on an uplink shared resource exceeds N, the UE no longer sends the uplink data by using an uplink shared resource, and optionally transmits the uplink data by using a scheduling-based method.

[0359] In conclusion, compared with the previous embodiment, according to the feedback information sending method provided in this embodiment, the UE adds the buffer status information to the uplink data sent by the UE; and the eNB generates the corresponding UL Grant according to the buffer status information, adds the corresponding UL Grant to the feedback information, and then delivers the feedback information to the UE, so that the feedback information not only can be used to feed back whether the uplink data is successfully received, but also can be used to schedule uplink data transmission of the UE. Therefore, signaling overheads on the eNB side are reduced, and a speed of uplink data transmission on the UE side is increased.

[0360] It should be noted that the steps related to an eNB side in the embodiment of FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B may be independently implemented as a feedback information sending method from a perspective of the eNB side, and the steps related to a UE side may be independently implemented as a feedback information receiving method from a perspective of the UE side.

[0361] In the embodiment of FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B, an example in which uplink data sent by each UE includes "an identifier of the UE + buffer status information of the UE" is used for description. However, in an actual scenario, if UE does not have remaining to-be-sent data, uplink data sent by the UE does not include buffer status information. That is, in uplink data that is sent by UEs and received by an eNB, a part of uplink data may include only an identifier of UE, and the other uplink data may include "an identifier of UE + buffer status information of the UE". For this case, reference is made to the following embodiment.

[0362] Referring to FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C, FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C show a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending method includes the following steps.

[0363] Step 1601: An eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0364] Correspondingly, the UE determines an uplink shared resource of the UE. The uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, where m≥2.

[0365] Step 1601 is the same as step 1101, and reference is made to the embodiment shown FIG. 11.

[0366] Step 1602: The UE sends uplink data by using the uplink shared resource allocated by the eNB, where the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE, or the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE and buffer status information of the UE.

[0367] When there is no remaining to-be-sent data in a buffer of the UE, the uplink data sent by the UE includes the identifier of the UE and data information sent this time.

[0368] When there is remaining to-be-sent data in the buffer of the UE, the uplink data sent by the UE includes the identifier of the UE, the buffer status information of the UE, and data information sent this time.

[0369] For example, the eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to ten UEs. If six UEs in the ten UEs need to send uplink data simultaneously, and three UEs in the six UEs have remaining to-be-sent data, the six UEs send the uplink data to the eNB on the uplink shared resource simultaneously. Uplink data sent by three UEs includes an identifier of UE and data information sent by the UE this time. Uplink data sent by the other three UEs includes an identifier of UE, buffer status information of the UE, and data information sent by the UE this time.

[0370] Step 1603: The eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where n pieces of the uplink data include identifiers of n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to x UEs, n≥x≥1, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data of the UE.

[0371] The eNB performs channel estimation by using a DM-RS on the uplink shared resource, and obtains, by means of decoding, the uplink data of the UE from the uplink shared resource according to a result of the channel estimation.

[0372] Step 1604: The eNB obtains, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and the buffer status information corresponding to the x UEs.

[0373] One piece of uplink data includes an identifier of UE, buffer status information of the UE, and data information sent by the UE this time, or one piece of uplink data includes an identifier of UE and data information sent by the UE this time.

[0374] Because uplink data sent by some UEs do not include buffer status information, the n pieces of the uplink data successfully received by the eNB include the identifiers of the n UEs and the buffer status information corresponding to the x UEs.

[0375] Step 1605: The eNB generates uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs, where the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs.

[0376] For uplink data of the UE that includes buffer status information, the eNB further generates an uplink scheduling grant, that is, a UL Grant, for the corresponding UE according to the buffer status information included in the uplink data.

[0377] The UL Grant includes at least a resource location of an uplink transmission resource allocated to the UE. Optionally, the UL Grant includes an MCS, a repetition period, and the like. The MCS is used to indicate a specific modulation and coding scheme used by the UE to transmit the uplink data. The repetition period is a period in which the uplink transmission resource allocated by the eNB to the UE appears repeatedly when semi-persistent scheduling is used in this uplink transmission scheduling. The semi-persistent scheduling is a scheduling manner in which the eNB allocates, to the UE at one time, uplink transmission resources that appear periodically.

[0378] It should be noted that volumes of information carried in UL Grants corresponding to UEs may be different. Therefore, a quantity of bits occupied by each UL Grant may be fixed or may be unfixed. In this embodiment, an example in which each UL Grant occupies 20 bits is used for description.

[0379] Step 1606: The eNB generates feedback information, where the feedback information includes a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants.

[0380] The quantity of significant bits is a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity. A value in the bit mapping sequence includes a first value and a second value. The first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.

[0381] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is the first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is followed by a corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity.

[0382] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is the second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is not followed by a corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity.

[0383] A schematic diagram of a feedback information format in this embodiment is shown in FIG. 17.

[0384] R is a format representation bit, occupies one bit, and is used to indicate a reserved bit.

[0385] UE Number is a quantity of significant bits. Optionally, UE Number occupies three bits, and is used to identify a quantity of significant bits from left to right in a bit mapping sequence ACK or Grant. In this embodiment, that UE Number occupies three bits is merely used as an example for description. A quantity of bits occupied by UE Number is not limited in this embodiment.

[0386] The bit mapping sequence ACK or Grant always occupies eight bits, but the eight bits are not always significant. This is related to whether the ith identifier in the feedback information is followed by a corresponding UL Grant.

[0387] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence ACK or Grant is 1 and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is followed by a corresponding UL Grant with a fixed bit quantity (20 bits).

[0388] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence ACK or Grant is 0 and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is not followed by a corresponding UL Grant with a fixed bit quantity. That is, only one piece of ACK information exists, and the UL Grant is not included.

[0389] Optionally, if an identifier is represented by a C-RNTI, C-RNTI i represents the ith identifier in the feedback information. Each C-RNTI occupies 16 bits, and each octet Oct is 8 bits. Therefore, each identifier C-RNTI in the feedback information occupies two octets.

[0390] Step 1607: The eNB generates a MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0391] The eNB generates, according to the n pieces of the successfully received uplink data, the feedback information that includes the n identifiers and the UL Grants corresponding to the x UEs, and the eNB generates the corresponding MAC PDU by using the feedback information that includes the n identifiers. The MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0392] Step 1608: The eNB scrambles control channel indication information by using a designated identifier.

[0393] The designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0394] The designated identifier is the identifier corresponding to the m UEs. In other words, the designated identifier is an identifier shared by the m UEs.

[0395] Optionally, the designated identifier is a CB-RNTI or a TTI-RNTI.

[0396] The CB-RNTI is an identifier pre-allocated by the eNB in a contention based uplink data transmission mode.

[0397] The TTI-RNTI is related to a resource location of the uplink shared resource in step 1602.

[0398] Optionally, TTI-RNTI=a+suf_id+bfeq_id, where suf_id is a subframe number corresponding to the uplink shared resource, feq_id is a least significant bit in a physical resource block corresponding to the uplink shared resource, and both a and b are positive integers. For example, a=1, and b=10.

[0399] The control channel indication information is used to indicate the resource location of the downlink resource on a PUSCH channel, and the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information is used to carry and send the MAC PDU. The eNB first sends the control channel indication information by using a PDCCH channel. That is, the eNB scrambles the control channel indication information of the MAC PDU by using the designated identifier, and sends the scrambled control channel indication information to the UE by using the PDCCH channel.

[0400] Step 1609: The eNB sends the control channel indication information to the UE.

[0401] Correspondingly, the UE receives the control channel indication information sent by the eNB.

[0402] Step 1610: The UE descrambles the control channel indication information by using the designated identifier.

[0403] The designated identifier is the identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate the resource location of the downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0404] The UE obtains, by means of descrambling on the PDCCH channel by using the designated identifier, the resource location of the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information. Only the UE that has the designated identifier can receive the control channel indication information.

[0405] Step 1611: The eNB sends the MAC PDU by using a downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

[0406] The eNB sends the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information on the PDCCH.

[0407] Step 1612: The UE receives the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0408] The UE obtains the feedback information from the MAC PDU by means of decoding. Optionally, the feedback information format is shown in FIG. 17.

[0409] Step 1613: The UE reads the quantity of significant bits and the bit mapping sequence from the feedback information.

[0410] The quantity of significant bits is used to indicate the quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is the bit sequence with the fixed bit quantity.

[0411] Step 1614: If the ith identifier in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, the UE reads the ith identifier and an uplink scheduling grant corresponding to the ith identifier, and detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0412] The UE reads, from the feedback information, the ith identifier and the UL Grant corresponding to the ith identifier, where x≥i≥1. In other words, the UE reads information with a fixed length from the feedback information every time, and the information with the fixed length is considered as "one identifier + one UL Grant". Optionally, the fixed length is 16+20=36 bits.

[0413] The UE detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0414] If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, go to step 1615. If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, go to step 1616.

[0415] Step 1615: If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data, and the UE sends the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0416] If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, the UL Grant corresponding to the ith identifier is a UL Grant corresponding to the UE. The UE sends the remaining to-be-sent data in a buffer to the eNB in a scheduling based uplink data sending mode according to an instruction of the UL Grant.

[0417] Step 1616: If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, determine whether i is equal to the quantity of significant bits; and if i is equal to the quantity of significant bits, go to step 1619, or if i is not equal to the quantity of significant bits, set i=i+1, and re-perform the step of reading the quantity of significant bits and the bit mapping sequence.

[0418] That is, the UE performs step 1613 repeatedly until all the identifiers of the UEs in the feedback information are read.

[0419] Step 1617: If the ith identifier in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, the UE reads the ith identifier, and detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0420] The UE reads the ith identifier from the feedback information, where n≥i≥1. In other words, the UE reads information with a fixed length from the feedback information, and the information with the fixed length is considered as "one identifier". Optionally, the fixed length is 16 bits.

[0421] The UE detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0422] If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, go to step 1618. If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, go to step 1616.

[0423] Step 1618: If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data.

[0424] Step 1619: If the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, it indicates that the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data, and the UE re-sends the uplink data.

[0425] In conclusion, compared with the previous embodiment, according to the feedback information sending method provided in this embodiment, some of the UEs add the buffer status information to the uplink data; and the eNB generates, according to the buffer status information, the UL Grants corresponding to the UEs, adds the UL Grants to the feedback information, and then delivers the feedback information to the corresponding UEs, so that the feedback information can be used to schedule uplink data transmission of the UEs.

[0426] It should be noted that the steps related to an eNB side in the embodiment of FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C may be independently implemented as a feedback information sending method from a perspective of the eNB side, and the steps related to a UE side may be independently implemented as a feedback information receiving method from a perspective of the UE side.

[0427] In the embodiment of FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C, an example in which uplink data sent by some UEs includes "an identifier of the UE + buffer status information of the UE" is used for description, and current available uplink resources can meet requirements of resources that are indicated by uplink scheduling grants and that are required by the UEs. However, in an actual scenario, if a volume of remaining to-be-sent data is excessively large, a quantity of current available uplink resources of an eNB may be less than a quantity of uplink resources required in this scheduling. That is, the quantity of the available uplink resources on the eNB side may be insufficient. For this case, reference is made to the following embodiment.

[0428] Referring to FIG. 18A, FIG. 18B, and FIG. 18C, FIG. 18A, FIG. 18B, and FIG. 18C show a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending method includes the following steps.

[0429] Step 1801: An eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0430] Correspondingly, the UE determines an uplink shared resource of the UE. The uplink shared resource is the same as uplink shared resources of the other m-1 UEs, where m≥2.

[0431] Step 1802: The UE sends uplink data by using the uplink shared resource allocated by the eNB, where the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE, or the uplink data includes an identifier of the UE and buffer status information of the UE.

[0432] Step 1803: The eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource, where n pieces of the uplink data include identifiers of n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to y UEs, n≥y≥1, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data of the UE.

[0433] Step 1804: The eNB obtains, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and the buffer status information corresponding to the x UEs.

[0434] Step 1801 to step 1804 are the same as step 1601 to step 1604, and reference is made to the embodiment shown in FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C.

[0435] Step 1805: The eNB generates uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, where y>x≥1, the x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs.

[0436] For example, the eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to ten UEs, and eight UEs simultaneously send uplink data to the eNB by using the uplink shared resource. Uplink data sent by six UEs includes an identifier of UE, buffer status information of the UE, and data information sent by the UE this time, and uplink data sent by two UEs includes only an identifier of UE and data information sent by the UE this time. However, a quantity of current available uplink resources of the eNB can satisfy only buffer status information sent by four UEs. Therefore, the eNB generates, according to the current available uplink resources and the buffer status information, identifiers of the eight UEs and UL Grants corresponding to the four UEs

[0437] The UL Grant includes at least an uplink transmission resource allocated to the UE. Optionally, the UL Grant includes an MCS, a repetition period, and the like. The MCS is used to indicate a specific modulation and coding scheme used by the UE to transmit the uplink data. The repetition period is a period in which the uplink transmission resource allocated by the eNB to the UE appears repeatedly when semi-persistent scheduling is used in this uplink transmission scheduling. The semi-persistent scheduling is a scheduling manner in which the eNB allocates, to the UE at one time, uplink transmission resources that appear periodically.

[0438] It should be noted that volumes of information carried in UL Grants corresponding to UEs may be different, but a quantity of bits occupied by each UL Grant is fixed. Optionally, each UL Grant occupies 20 bits.

[0439] Step 1806: The eNB generates feedback information, where the feedback information includes a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants.

[0440] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is followed by a corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity.

[0441] When the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is not followed by a corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity.

[0442] Step 1807: The eNB generates a MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0443] Step 1808: The eNB scrambles control channel indication information by using a designated identifier.

[0444] The designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0445] Step 1809: The eNB sends the control channel indication information to the UE.

[0446] Correspondingly, the UE receives the control channel indication information sent by the eNB.

[0447] Step 1810: The UE descrambles the control channel indication information by using the designated identifier, where the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU.

[0448] Step 1811: The eNB sends the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

[0449] Step 1812: The UE receives the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, where the MAC PDU includes the feedback information.

[0450] Step 1813: The UE reads the quantity of significant bits and the bit mapping sequence from the feedback information.

[0451] The quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity.

[0452] Step 1814: If the ith identifier in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, the UE reads the ith identifier and an uplink scheduling grant corresponding to the ith identifier, and detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0453] The UE detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0454] If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, go to step 1815. If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, go to step 1817.

[0455] Step 1815: If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data, and the UE sends the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

[0456] Step 1816: If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, determine whether i is equal to the quantity of significant bits; and if i is equal to the quantity of significant bits, go to step 1819, or if i is not equal to the quantity of significant bits, set i=i+1, and re-perform the step of reading the quantity of significant bits and the bit mapping sequence.

[0457] That is, the UE performs step 1813 repeatedly until all the identifiers in the feedback information are read.

[0458] Step 1817: If the ith identifier in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, the UE reads the ith identifier, and detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0459] The UE detects whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE.

[0460] If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, go to step 1818. If the ith identifier is not the identifier of the UE, go to step 1817.

[0461] Step 1806 to step 1817 are the same as step 1606 to step 1617, and reference is made to the embodiment shown in FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C.

[0462] Step 1818: If the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data; and if the UE has the remaining to-be-sent data, the UE continues to wait for the eNB to reallocate an uplink scheduling grant.

[0463] Step 1819: If the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers included in the feedback information, it indicates that the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data, and the UE re-sends the uplink data.

[0464] In conclusion, compared with the previous embodiment, according to the feedback information sending method provided in this embodiment, UL Grants corresponding to some UEs are generated for the UEs according to the current available uplink resources and the buffer status information, the UL Grants are added to the feedback information, and then the feedback information is sent to the corresponding UEs. For another UE to which no UL Grant is allocated, an identifier corresponding to the UE is sent first, so that the UE waits for the eNB to reallocate a UL Grant.

[0465] It should be noted that the steps related to an eNB side in the embodiment of FIG. 18A, FIG. 18B, and FIG. 18C may be independently implemented as a feedback information sending method from a perspective of the eNB side, and the steps related to a UE side may be independently implemented as a feedback information receiving method from a perspective of the UE side.

[0466] In all the foregoing embodiments, an eNB sends feedback information by using a MAC PDU. In an actual scenario, an eNB may alternatively send generated feedback information to UE in another manner. For details, reference is made to the following embodiment.

[0467] Referring to FIG. 19, FIG. 19 shows a flowchart of a feedback information sending method according to another embodiment of the present invention. The feedback information sending method includes the following steps.

[0468] Step 1901: Allocate a same uplink shared resource and a same DM-RS to m UEs, where m≥2.

[0469] In LTE, an uplink shared resource is a time-frequency resource on a PUSCH channel, and multiple UEs may share a same uplink shared resource to transmit data.

[0470] The DM-RS is used to perform, on the PUSCH channel, channel estimation for data transmitted by the UE.

[0471] Correspondingly, the UE determines an uplink shared resource and a DM-RS that are of the UE. Specifically, the UE receives the DM-RS and configuration information related to the uplink shared resource, where the DM-RS and the configuration information are sent by an eNB; and determines the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS that are of the UE according to the received configuration information and DM-RS.

[0472] In other embodiments, if the eNB and the UE agree in advance on a configuration manner of an uplink shared resource, the UE may determine the uplink shared resource by itself according to the configuration manner agreed in advance.

[0473] Step 1902: The UE sends uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, where the uplink data includes an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE.

[0474] For example, the eNB allocates a same uplink shared resource to ten UEs. If three UEs in the ten UEs need to send uplink data simultaneously, the three UEs that need to send the uplink data send the respective uplink data to the eNB on the same uplink shared resource. The uplink data includes an identifier and a DM-RS that are of the corresponding UE. That is, each piece of uplink data includes an identifier and a DM-RS that are of UE, and data information sent by the UE.

[0475] Correspondingly, the eNB receives uplink data, sent by the UE, that includes the identifier and the DM-RS of the UE.

[0476] Step 1903: An eNB receives the uplink data by using the DM-RS, where the uplink data includes the identifier of the UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs.

[0477] The eNB performs channel estimation by using the DM-RS on the uplink shared resource, and obtains, by means of decoding, the uplink data from the uplink shared resource according to a result of the channel estimation. The uplink data includes the identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE.

[0478] Step 1904: The eNB calculates an agreed feedback location, where the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS.

[0479] In LTE, an agreed feedback location is a resource location that is of a time-frequency resource on a PHICH channel and that is obtained by an eNB by means of calculation according to a resource location of a time-frequency resource on a PUSCH channel and a DM-RS.

[0480] Specific calculation formulas are as follows:

and

where


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on the PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by the PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH; and

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH, where

and

where


is used to identify a lowest PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0481] Correspondingly, the UE obtains the agreed feedback location

by means of calculation according to the resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS.

[0482] Step 1905: The eNB calculates an offset of the UE, where the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE.

[0483] Optionally, a preset arithmetic operation is performed on the identifier of the UE, and a result of the preset arithmetic operation is used as the offset corresponding to the UE.

[0484] In this embodiment, an offset corresponding to each UE is calculated in a modulo operation, and a specific calculation formula is as follows:

where M is a positive integer.

[0485] The arithmetic operation is performed on the identifier of the UE, and the result of the arithmetic operation is used as the offset corresponding to the UE. Optionally, the arithmetic operation may be a modulo operation, a linear operation, a trigonometric function operation, or the like, provided that the arithmetic operation can meet a requirement for obtaining, by means of calculation, different offsets corresponding to identifiers of different UEs. Therefore, a type of the arithmetic operation is not limited in this embodiment.

[0486] Correspondingly, the UE obtains, by means of calculation according to the identifier of the UE, the offset corresponding to the UE, and the offset is obtained by the UE by performing a modulo operation on the identifier of the UE.

[0487] Step 1906: The eNB sends acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, where the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0488] The downlink resource location may be a sum of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0489] That is:

and



is used to identify the group number of the group to which the downlink resource belongs on the PHICH;

is used to identify the orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify the DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by the PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify the quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is the spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, where

and

where

is used to identify a lowest PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

[0490] Optionally, the calculation formula of the offset is as follows:

where M is a positive integer.

[0491] Step 1907: The UE receives the acknowledgement information ACK at the resource location of the downlink resource, where the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by the combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

[0492] Step 1908: If the UE fails in receiving the acknowledgement information ACK sent by the eNB, it indicates that the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data, and the UE re-sends the uplink data.

[0493] In conclusion, the eNB allocates the same uplink shared resource and DM-RS to the m UEs; the UE sends the uplink data by using the uplink shared resource allocated by the eNB, where the uplink data includes the identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE; the eNB receives the uplink data on the uplink shared resource by using the DM-RS; the eNB obtains the agreed feedback location by means of calculation according to the resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS, and obtains, by means of calculation according to the identifier of each UE, the offset corresponding to the UE; and the eNB sends the acknowledgement information ACK on the downlink resource indicated by the combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset. This resolves a prior-art problem that an eNB cannot correctly send feedback information to different UEs according to an agreed downlink resource when the multiple UEs send uplink data by using a same uplink shared resource and DM-RS, so that each UE is clear about whether the uplink data of the UE is successfully sent.

[0494] It should be noted that the steps related to an eNB side in the embodiment of FIG. 19 may be independently implemented as a feedback information sending method from a perspective of the eNB side, and the steps related to a UE side may be independently implemented as a feedback information receiving method from a perspective of the UE side.

[0495] Step 1315 in the embodiment of FIG. 13A and FIG. 13B, step 1416 in the embodiment of FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B, step 1619 in the embodiment of FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C, step 1819 in the embodiment of FIG. 18A, FIG. 18B, and FIG. 18C, and step 1908 in the embodiment of FIG. 19 are steps of re-sending uplink data by UE. To reduce a possibility of contention conflict reoccurrence during uplink data re-sending performed by UE, the foregoing steps related to re-sending uplink data may be replaced with the following step 2002 to step 2005.

[0496] Step 2001: An eNB pre-allocates respective corresponding second random numbers to m UEs.

[0497] The second random number is used by the UE when an identifier of the UE is not included in feedback information. The second random number is pre-allocated to the UE before the eNB sends the feedback information to the UE by using a MAC PDU.

[0498] Step 2002: The UE randomly generates a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.

[0499] The first available uplink shared resource is a first uplink shared resource that appears after the UE finds that the identifier corresponding to the UE is not included in received feedback information. The first random number is randomly generated by the UE, and is used to determine whether the UE re-sends uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource.

[0500] Step 2003: The UE reads a second random number in a buffer, where the second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB.

[0501] It is determined, by comparing values of the first random number and the second random number, whether the UE re-sends the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource.

[0502] Step 2004: Determine whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition.

[0503] Step 2005: If the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, re-send uplink data of the UE on the first available uplink shared resource.

[0504] Step 2006: If the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-perform the step of randomly generating a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.

[0505] If the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, step 2002 is re-performed.

[0506] Optionally, the preset condition may be that the first random number is greater than the second random number or the first random number is less than the second random number. The preset condition is not limited in this embodiment.

[0507] If a quantity of times of re-sending the uplink data by the UE on an uplink shared resource exceeds N, the UE no longer sends the uplink data by using an uplink shared resource, and optionally transmits the uplink data by using a scheduling-based method.

[0508] In conclusion, in this embodiment, the eNB allocates the respective corresponding second random numbers to the UEs; the UE randomly generates the first random number when the first available uplink shared resource exists; and it is determined, by comparing the values of the first random number and the second random number, whether the UE re-sends the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource, so as to reduce a possibility of contention conflict reoccurrence during uplink data re-sending performed on the first available uplink shared resource by multiple UEs.

[0509] In an implementation different from the embodiment of FIG. 20, step 1315 in the embodiment of FIG. 13A and FIG. 13B, step 1416 in the embodiment of FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B, step 1619 in the embodiment of FIG. 16A, FIG. 16B, and FIG. 16C, step 1819 in the embodiment of FIG. 18A, FIG. 18B, and FIG. 18C, and step 1908 in the embodiment of FIG. 19 may be replaced with the following step 2101 and step 2102.

[0510] Step 2101: UE randomly generates a random backoff time.

[0511] The random backoff time is randomly generated after the UE finds that an identifier corresponding to the UE is not included in received feedback information.

[0512] Step 2102: The UE re-sends uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.

[0513] The first available uplink shared resource is a first uplink shared resource that appears after expiry of the random backoff time randomly generated after the UE finds that the identifier corresponding to the UE is not included in the received feedback information.

[0514] If a quantity of times of re-sending the uplink data by the UE on an uplink shared resource exceeds N, the UE no longer sends the uplink data by using an uplink shared resource, and optionally transmits the uplink data by using a scheduling-based method.

[0515] In conclusion, in this embodiment, the UE randomly generates the random backoff time after finding that the identifier corresponding to the UE is not included in the received feedback information, and the UE re-sends the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires, so as to reduce a possibility of contention conflict reoccurrence during uplink data re-sending performed on the first available uplink shared resource by multiple UEs.

[0516] Further embodiments of the present invention are provided in the following. It should be noted that the numbering used in the following section does not necessarily need to comply with the numbering used in the previous sections.

Embodiment 1. A feedback information sending apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises:

a processing module, configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource to m user equipments UEs, wherein m≥2;

a receiving module, configured to receive uplink data on the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs, wherein

the processing module is further configured to determine n UEs, wherein uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1; and

the processing module is further configured to generate feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs; and

a sending module, configured to send the feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU.

Embodiment 2. The apparatus according to embodiment 1, wherein the uplink data further comprises buffer status information of the UEs, and the buffer status information of the UEs is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data of the UEs; and
the processing module is further configured to obtain the identifiers of the UEs and the buffer status information of the UEs by means of decoding;
the processing module is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants of the UEs, wherein the uplink scheduling grants of the UEs are generated according to the buffer status information of the UEs; and
the processing module is further configured to generate the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the UEs.

Embodiment 3. The apparatus according to embodiment 1, wherein x pieces of the uplink data comprise buffer status information of the UE, n>x≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processing module is further configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to x UEs;
the processing module is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to the x UEs, wherein the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs; and
the processing module is further configured to generate the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

Embodiment 4. The apparatus according to embodiment 1, wherein y pieces of the uplink data comprise buffer status information of the UE, n≥y≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processing module is further configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to y UEs;
the processing module is further configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, wherein y>x≥1, the x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs; and
the processing module is further configured to generate the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

Embodiment 5. The apparatus according to embodiment 3 or 4, wherein
the processing module is further configured to generate the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants;
the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; and
when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity; or when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier in the feedback information is not followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity, wherein
the first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.

Embodiment 6. The apparatus according to any one of embodiments 1 to 5, wherein
the processing module is further configured to generate the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, wherein the MAC PDU comprises the feedback information;
the sending module is further configured to scramble control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, wherein the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU;
the sending module is further configured to send the control channel indication information to the UE; and
the sending module is further configured to send the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

Embodiment 7. The apparatus according to embodiment 6, wherein
the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, wherein the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 8. The method according to any one of embodiments 1 to 7, wherein
the processing module is further configured to allocate respective corresponding second random numbers to the m UEs, wherein the second random number is a random number used for determining, when the feedback information does not comprise the identifier of the UE, whether the uplink data is re-sent on a first available uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 9. A feedback information sending apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises:

a processing module, configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource and a same demodulation reference signal DM-RS to m user equipments UEs, wherein m≥2;

a receiving module, configured to receive uplink data by using the DM-RS, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs, wherein

the processing module is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS; and

the processing module is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

a sending module, configured to send acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

Embodiment 10. The apparatus according to embodiment 9, wherein
the processing module is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

Embodiment 11. The apparatus according to embodiment 10, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

Embodiment 12. The apparatus according to embodiment 11, wherein
the processing module is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, wherein

and M is a positive integer.

Embodiment 13. A feedback information receiving apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises:

a processing module, configured to determine an uplink shared resource of user equipment UE;

a sending module, configured to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of the UE; and

a receiving module, configured to receive feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU, wherein the feedback information comprises n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by an eNB, and m≥n≥1.

Embodiment 14. The apparatus according to embodiment 13, wherein the apparatus further comprises:
the processing module is further configured to generate the uplink data, wherein the uplink data comprises the identifier and buffer status information that are of the UE, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and
the sending module is configured to send the uplink data to the eNB.

Embodiment 15. The apparatus according to embodiment 13, wherein the apparatus further comprises:
the processing module is further configured to: read the ith identifier from the feedback information, wherein n≥i≥1; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

Embodiment 16. The apparatus according to embodiment 14, wherein the apparatus further comprises:
the processing module is further configured to: read the ith identifier and the corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein n≥i≥1; and
the sending module is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

Embodiment 17. The apparatus according to embodiment 13 or 14, wherein the apparatus further comprises:

the processing module is further configured to: read a quantity of significant bits and a bit mapping sequence from the feedback information, wherein the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, read the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE;

the sending module is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant; and

the processing module is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, read the ith identifier from the feedback information; and detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

Embodiment 18. The apparatus according to any one of embodiments 15 to 17, wherein
the sending module is further configured to: when the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers comprised in the feedback information, that is, when the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data of the UE, re-send the uplink data.

Embodiment 19. The apparatus according to embodiment 18, wherein the apparatus further comprises a generation module and a detection module;
the processing module is configured to randomly generate a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists;
the processing module is configured to: read a second random number from a buffer, wherein the second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB; and determine whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition;
the sending module is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, re-send the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource; and
the processing module is further configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-generate a first random number.

Embodiment 20. The apparatus according to embodiment 18, wherein the apparatus further comprises a generation module;
the processing module is configured to randomly generate a random backoff time; and
the sending module is configured to re-send the uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.

Embodiment 21. The apparatus according to any one of embodiments 13 to 16, wherein
the receiving module is configured to receive the control channel indication information;
the receiving module is further configured to descramble the control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, wherein the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU; and
the receiving module is further configured to receive the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, wherein the MAC PDU comprises the feedback information.

Embodiment 22. The apparatus according to embodiment 21, wherein
the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, wherein the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 23. A feedback information receiving apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises:

a processing module, configured to determine an uplink shared resource and a demodulation reference signal DM-RS that are of user equipment UE;

a sending module, configured to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE, wherein

the processing module is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS; and

the processing module is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

a receiving module, configured to receive acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

Embodiment 24. The apparatus according to embodiment 23, wherein
the processing module is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

Embodiment 25. The apparatus according to embodiment 24, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

Embodiment 26. The apparatus according to embodiment 25, wherein
the processing module is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, wherein

and M is a positive integer.

Embodiment 27. A base station, wherein the base station comprises a processor, a memory, and a transceiver, the memory is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor;
the processor is configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource to m user equipments UEs, wherein m≥2;
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to receive uplink data on the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;
the processor is further configured to determine n UEs, wherein uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1;
the processor is further configured to generate feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send the feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU.

Embodiment 28. The base station according to embodiment 27, wherein the uplink data further comprises buffer status information of the UEs, and the buffer status information of the UEs is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processor is configured to obtain the identifiers of the UEs and the buffer status information of the UEs by means of decoding;
the processor is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants of the UEs, wherein the uplink scheduling grants of the UEs are generated according to the buffer status information of the UEs; and
the processor is configured to generate the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the UEs.

Embodiment 29. The base station according to embodiment 27, wherein x pieces of the uplink data comprise buffer status information of the UE, n>x≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processor is configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to x UEs;
the processor is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to the x UEs, wherein the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs; and
the processor is configured to generate the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

Embodiment 30. The base station according to embodiment 27, wherein y pieces of the uplink data comprise buffer status information of the UE, n≥y≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data;
the processor is configured to obtain, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to y UEs;
the processor is configured to generate uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, wherein y>x≥1, the x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs; and
the processor is configured to generate the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

Embodiment 31. The base station according to embodiment 29 or 30, wherein
the processor is configured to generate the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants;
the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence;
the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; and
when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity; or when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is not followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity, wherein
the first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.

Embodiment 32. The base station according to any one of embodiments 27 to 31, wherein
the processor is configured to generate the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, wherein the MAC PDU comprises the feedback information;
the processor is configured to scramble control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, wherein the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU;
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to send the control channel indication information to the UE; and
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to send the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

Embodiment 33. The base station according to embodiment 32, wherein
the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, wherein the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 34. The base station according to any one of embodiments 27 to 33, wherein
the processor is further configured to allocate respective corresponding second random numbers to the m UEs, wherein the second random number is a random number used for determining, when the feedback information does not comprise the identifier of the UE, whether the uplink data is re-sent on a first available uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 35. A base station, wherein the base station comprises a processor, a memory, and a transceiver, the memory is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor;
the processor is configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource and a same demodulation reference signal DM-RS to m user equipments UEs, wherein m≥2;
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to receive uplink data by using the DM-RS, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;
the processor is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;
the processor is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

Embodiment 36. The base station according to embodiment 35, wherein
the processor is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

Embodiment 37. The base station according to embodiment 36, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

Embodiment 38. The base station according to embodiment 37, wherein
the processor is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, wherein

and M is a positive integer.

Embodiment 39. UE, wherein the UE comprises a processor, a memory, and a transceiver, the memory is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor;
the processor is configured to determine an uplink shared resource of the user equipment UE;
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of the UE; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to receive feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU, wherein the feedback information comprises n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by an eNB, and n≥1.

Embodiment 40. The UE according to embodiment 39, wherein
the processor is configured to generate the uplink data, wherein the uplink data comprises the identifier and buffer status information that are of the UE, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send the uplink data to the eNB.

Embodiment 41. The UE according to embodiment 39, wherein
the processor is further configured to read the ith identifier from the feedback information, wherein n≥i≥1; and
the processor is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein
if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

Embodiment 42. The UE according to embodiment 40, wherein
the processor is further configured to read the ith identifier and the corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information;
the processor is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein n≥i≥1; and
the processor is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, control the transceiver to send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

Embodiment 43. The UE according to embodiment 39 or 40, wherein
the processor is further configured to read a quantity of significant bits and a bit mapping sequence from the feedback information, wherein the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity;
the processor is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, read the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information;
the processor is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE;
the processor is further configured to: when the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, control the transceiver to send the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant;
the processor is further configured to: when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, read the ith identifier from the feedback information; and
the processor is further configured to detect whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein if the ith identifier of UE is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

Embodiment 44. The UE according to embodiments 42 or 43, wherein
the processor is configured to: when the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers comprised in the feedback information, that is, when the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data of the UE, control the transceiver to re-send the uplink data.

Embodiment 45. The UE according to embodiment 44, wherein
the processor is configured to randomly generate a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists;
the processor is configured to read a second random number from a buffer, wherein the second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB;
the processor is configured to determine whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition;
the processor is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, control the transceiver to re-send the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource; and
the processor is configured to: when the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-perform the step of randomly generating a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.

Embodiment 46. The UE according to embodiment 44, wherein
the processor is configured to randomly generate a random backoff time; and
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to re-send the uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.

Embodiment 47. The UE according to any one of embodiments 39 to 42, wherein
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to receive the control channel indication information;
the processor is configured to descramble the control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, wherein the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU; and
the processor is configured to control the transceiver to receive the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, wherein the MAC PDU comprises the feedback information.

Embodiment 48. The UE according to embodiment 47, wherein
the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, wherein the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 49. UE, wherein the UE comprises a processor, a memory, and a transceiver, the memory is configured to store at least one instruction, and as configured, the instruction is executed by the processor;
the processor is configured to determine an uplink shared resource and a demodulation reference signal DM-RS that are of the user equipment UE;
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE;
the processor is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;
the processor is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and
the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to receive acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

Embodiment 50. The UE according to embodiment 49, wherein the processor is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

Embodiment 51. The UE according to embodiment 50, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

Embodiment 52. The UE according to embodiment 51, wherein
the processor is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, wherein

and M is a positive integer.

Embodiment 53. A feedback information sending method, wherein the method comprises:

allocating a same uplink shared resource to m user equipments UEs, wherein m≥2;

receiving uplink data on the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;

determining n UEs, wherein uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received, and m≥n≥1;

generating feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises n identifiers, and different identifiers represent different UEs; and

sending the feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU.

Embodiment 54. The method according to embodiment 53, wherein the uplink data further comprises buffer status information of the UEs, and the buffer status information of the UEs is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data of the UEs; and
the generating feedback information comprises:

obtaining the identifiers of the UEs and the buffer status information of the UEs by means of decoding;

generating uplink scheduling grants of the UEs, wherein the uplink scheduling grants of the UEs are generated according to the buffer status information of the UEs; and

generating the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the UEs.

Embodiment 55. The method according to embodiment 53, wherein x pieces of the uplink data comprise buffer status information of the UE, n>x≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and
the generating feedback information comprises:

obtaining, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to x UEs;

generating uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to the x UEs, wherein the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to the buffer status information of the x UEs; and

generating the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

Embodiment 56. The method according to embodiment 53, wherein y pieces of the uplink data comprise buffer status information of the UE, n≥y≥1, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and
the generating feedback information comprises:

obtaining, by means of decoding, the identifiers of the n UEs and buffer status information corresponding to y UEs;

generating uplink scheduling grants respectively corresponding to x UEs, wherein y>x≥1, the x uplink scheduling grants indicate current available uplink resources, and the x uplink scheduling grants are generated according to buffer status information of the x UEs; and

generating the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises the n identifiers and the uplink scheduling grants corresponding to the x UEs.

Embodiment 57. The method according to embodiment 55 or 56, wherein the generating the feedback information comprises:

generating the feedback information, wherein the feedback information comprises a quantity of significant bits, a bit mapping sequence, the n identifiers, and the x uplink scheduling grants, wherein

the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence;

the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; and

when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity; or when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, it indicates that the ith identifier of UE in the feedback information is not followed by the corresponding uplink scheduling grant with a fixed bit quantity, wherein

the first value is 0 and the second value is 1, or the first value is 1 and the second value is 0.

Embodiment 58. The method according to any one of embodiments 53 to 57, wherein the sending the feedback information by using a MAC PDU comprises:

generating the MAC PDU corresponding to the UE, wherein the MAC PDU comprises the feedback information;

scrambling control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, wherein the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU;

sending the control channel indication information to the UE; and

sending the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information.

Embodiment 59. The method according to embodiment 58, wherein
the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, wherein the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 60. The method according to any one of embodiments 53 to 59, before the sending the feedback information by using a MAC PDU, further comprising:
allocating respective corresponding second random numbers to the m UEs, wherein the second random number is a random number used for determining, by the UE when the feedback information does not comprise the identifier of the UE, whether the uplink data is re-sent on a first available uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 61. A feedback information sending method, wherein the method comprises:

allocating a same uplink shared resource and a same demodulation reference signal DM-RS to m user equipments UEs, wherein m≥2;

receiving uplink data by using the DM-RS, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;

calculating an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;

calculating an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

sending acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

Embodiment 62. The method according to embodiment 61, wherein the calculating an offset of the UE comprises:
performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

Embodiment 63. The method according to embodiment 62, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C - RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

Embodiment 64. The method according to embodiment 63, wherein the performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE comprises:
calculating the offset of the UE, wherein

and M is a positive integer.

Embodiment 65. A feedback information receiving method, wherein the method comprises:

determining an uplink shared resource of user equipment UE;

sending uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of the UE; and

receiving feedback information by using a Media Access Control protocol data unit MAC PDU, wherein the feedback information comprises n identifiers, different identifiers in the n identifiers represent different UEs, and the identifiers indicate that uplink data of the n UEs is successfully received by a base station.

Embodiment 66. The method according to embodiment 65, wherein the sending uplink data by using the uplink shared resource comprises:

generating the uplink data, wherein the uplink data comprises the identifier and buffer status information that are of the UE, and the buffer status information of the UE is used to indicate information about remaining to-be-sent data; and

sending the uplink data to the eNB.

Embodiment 67. The method according to embodiment 65, wherein the method further comprises:

reading the ith identifier from the feedback information, wherein n≥i≥1; and

detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein

if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

Embodiment 68. The method according to embodiment 66, wherein the method further comprises:

reading the ith identifier and the corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information;

detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein n≥i≥1; and

if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, sending the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant.

Embodiment 69. The method according to embodiment 65 or 66, wherein the method further comprises:

reading a quantity of significant bits and a bit mapping sequence from the feedback information, wherein the quantity of significant bits is used to indicate a quantity of significant bits in the bit mapping sequence, and the bit mapping sequence is a bit sequence with a fixed bit quantity; and

when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a first value and is significant, reading the ith identifier and a corresponding uplink scheduling grant from the feedback information; detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE; and if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, sending the remaining to-be-sent data according to the uplink scheduling grant; or when the ith bit in the bit mapping sequence is a second value and is significant, reading the ith identifier from the feedback information; and detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, wherein if the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, it indicates that the eNB successfully receives the uplink data of the UE.

Embodiment 70. The method according to any one of embodiments 67 to 69, after the detecting whether the ith identifier is the identifier of the UE, further comprising:
if the identifier of the UE is not in the identifiers comprised in the feedback information, that is, when the eNB fails in receiving the uplink data, re-sending the uplink data.

Embodiment 71. The method according to embodiment 70, wherein the re-sending the uplink data comprises:

randomly generating a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists;

reading a second random number from a buffer, wherein the second random number is pre-allocated by the eNB;

determining whether a value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets a preset condition; and

if the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number meets the preset condition, re-sending the uplink data on the first available uplink shared resource; or if the value relationship between the first random number and the second random number does not meet the preset condition, re-performing the step of randomly generating a first random number when a first available uplink shared resource exists.

Embodiment 72. The method according to embodiment 70, wherein the re-sending the uplink data comprises:

randomly generating a random backoff time; and

re-sending the uplink data on a first available uplink shared resource after the random backoff time expires.

Embodiment 73. The method according to any one of embodiments 65 to 68, wherein the receiving feedback information by using a MAC PDU comprises:

receiving the control channel indication information;

descrambling the control channel indication information by using a designated identifier, wherein the designated identifier is an identifier corresponding to the m UEs, and the control channel indication information is used to indicate a resource location of a downlink resource that carries the MAC PDU; and

receiving the MAC PDU by using the downlink resource indicated by the control channel indication information, wherein the MAC PDU comprises the feedback information.

Embodiment 74. The method according to embodiment 73, wherein
the designated identifier is a contention based radio network temporary identifier CB-RNTI; or
the designated identifier is a transmission time interval radio network identifier TTI-RNTI, wherein the TTI-RNTI is generated according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource.

Embodiment 75. A feedback information receiving method, wherein the method comprises:

determining an uplink shared resource and a demodulation reference signal DM-RS that are of user equipment UE;

sending uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE;

calculating an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;

calculating an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

receiving acknowledgement information ACK at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.

Embodiment 76. The method according to embodiment 75, wherein the calculating an offset of the UE comprises:
performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.

Embodiment 77. The method according to embodiment 76, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is shown in the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ feedback channel PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C-RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.

Embodiment 78. The method according to embodiment 77, wherein the performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE comprises:
calculating the offset of the UE, wherein


and M is a positive integer.



[0517] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or some of the steps of the embodiments may be implemented by hardware or a program instructing related hardware. The program may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. The storage medium may be a read-only memory, a magnetic disk, an optical disc, or the like.

[0518] The foregoing descriptions are merely examples of embodiments of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the present invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, and improvement made without departing from the spirit and principle of the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.


Claims

1. A feedback information sending apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises:

a processing module, configured to allocate a same uplink shared resource and a same demodulation reference signal, DM-RS, to m user equipments, UEs, wherein m≥2;

a receiving module, configured to receive uplink data by using the DM-RS, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs, wherein

the processing module is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS; and

the processing module is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

a sending module, configured to send acknowledgement information, ACK, at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.


 
2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein
the processing module is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.
 
3. The apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource meets the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ indicator channel, PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C-RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in a PUSCH transmission process.
 
4. The apparatus according to claim 3, wherein
the processing module is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, wherein

and M is a positive integer.
 
5. A feedback information receiving apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises:

a processing module, configured to determine an uplink shared resource and a demodulation reference signal, DM-RS, that are of user equipment, UE;

a sending module, configured to send uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE, wherein

the processing module is further configured to calculate an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS; and

the processing module is further configured to calculate an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

a receiving module, configured to receive acknowledgement information, ACK, at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.


 
6. The apparatus according to claim 5, wherein
the processing module is configured to: perform a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and use a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.
 
7. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource meets the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ indicator channel, PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C-RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.
 
8. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein
the processing module is configured to calculate the offset of the UE, wherein

and M is a positive integer.
 
9. A feedback information sending method, wherein the method comprises:

allocating a same uplink shared resource and a same demodulation reference signal, DM-RS, to m user equipments, UEs, wherein m≥2;

receiving uplink data by using the DM-RS, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier of UE, identifiers of different UEs represent the different UEs, and the UE represented by the identifier of the UE is at least one of the m UEs;

calculating an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;

calculating an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

sending acknowledgement information, ACK, at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.


 
10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the calculating an offset of the UE comprises:
performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.
 
11. The method according to claim 10, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource meets the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ indicator channel, PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C-RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.
 
12. The method according to claim 11, wherein the performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE comprises:
calculating the offset of the UE, wherein

and M is a positive integer.
 
13. A feedback information receiving method, wherein the method comprises:

determining an uplink shared resource and a demodulation reference signal, DM-RS, that are of user equipment, UE;

sending uplink data by using the uplink shared resource, wherein the uplink data comprises an identifier and the DM-RS that are of the UE;

calculating an agreed feedback location, wherein the agreed feedback location is obtained according to a resource location of the uplink shared resource and the DM-RS;

calculating an offset of the UE, wherein the offset of the UE is obtained according to the identifier of the UE; and

receiving acknowledgement information, ACK, at a resource location of a downlink resource, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource is indicated by a combination of the agreed feedback location and the offset.


 
14. The method according to claim 13, wherein the calculating an offset of the UE comprises:
performing a preset arithmetic operation on the identifier of the UE, and using a result of the preset arithmetic operation as the offset corresponding to the UE.
 
15. The method according to claim 14, wherein the resource location of the downlink resource meets the following formulas:

and

wherein


is used to identify a group number of a group to which the downlink resource belongs on a physical HARQ indicator channel, PHICH;

is used to identify an orthogonal sequence number of the downlink resource in the group on the PHICH; nDMRS is used to identify a DM-RS sequence that is last indicated by a physical downlink control channel PDCCH to the UE;

is used to identify a quantity of groups on the PHICH;

is a spreading factor used for modulating the PHICH; and f(C-RNTI) is the offset corresponding to the UE, wherein

and

wherein


is used to identify a lowest physical resource block PRB index corresponding to a first timeslot in the PUSCH transmission process.
 




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