(19)
(11)EP 3 671 995 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
24.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/26

(21)Application number: 18215584.6

(22)Date of filing:  21.12.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02B 13/035(2006.01)
H01R 31/06(2006.01)
H01R 13/53(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: ABB Schweiz AG
5400 Baden (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • Gentsch, Dietmar
    40882 Ratingen (DE)
  • Reuber, Christian
    47877 Willich (DE)

(74)Representative: Maiwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Grünstraße 25
40212 Düsseldorf
40212 Düsseldorf (DE)

  


(54)CONNECTION APPARATUS FOR A CIRCUIT BREAKER OF A MEDIUM VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR


(57) The present invention relates to a connection apparatus for a circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear. The connection apparatus comprises an electrical link (300, 320), and a cable connection box (200, 240). The electrical link is configured to connect to a circuit breaker compartment (100) of a medium voltage switchgear. The cable connection box is configured to connect to the electrical link. The cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets (210) in a zig zag arrangement. The electrical link and the cable connection box are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, a rear wall of the cable connection box faces a wall of the circuit breaker compartment and the two or more cable connection sockets face away from the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.




Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to a connection apparatus for a circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear, to circuit breaker apparatus for a medium voltage switchgear, and to a cable connection box for a circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Medium voltage (MV) switchgear panels usually provide a cable compartment where several cables for each phase are connected in parallel. As a MV cable requires an electrical termination, a certain distance between these cables must be respected. The parallel cables are arranged in one line.
Due to the arrangement in one line, the total length of a parallel cable fixation can become considerable long and it can become a constraint for the general design of the switchgear.

[0003] There is a need to provide for improved cable connection means for a medium voltage switchgear.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0004] Therefore, it would be advantageous to have improved cable connection means for a medium voltage circuit breaker.

[0005] The object of the present invention is solved with the subject matter of the independent claims, wherein further embodiments are incorporated in the dependent claims.
In a first aspect, there is provided a connection apparatus for circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear. The connection apparatus comprises an electrical link, and a cable connection box. The electrical link is configured to connect to a circuit breaker compartment of a medium voltage switchgear. The cable connection box is configured to connect to the electrical link. The cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets in a zig zag arrangement. The electrical link and the cable connection box are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, a rear wall of the cable connection box faces a wall of the circuit breaker compartment and the two or more cable connection sockets face away from the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.

[0006] In an example, the electrical link is configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment a section of the electrical link has a longitudinal axis that lies in a plane parallel to the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.

[0007] In other words, the electrical link can extend away from a wall of a circuit breaker compartment, for example perpendicularly, then go through a 90 degree bend, such that the part that connects to a cable connection box is now orientated in a direction parallel to the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.

[0008] In an example, the cable connection box has a centre axis parallel to the rear wall of the cable connection box. Centres of consecutive cable connection sockets lie on either side of the centre axis of the cable connection box.

[0009] In other words, the connection sockets zig zag either side of a centre line that can be defined as the line centred between the zig zagging sockets. To put this another way, when the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link that itself is connected to the circuit breaker compartment, the cable connection sockets face away from the wall of the circuit breaker box. As you move away from the connection point between the electrical link and the cable connection box, the first cable connection socket is positioned on one side of a centre axis, the second is positioned on the other side of the centre axis, with the third being positioned on the same side of the centre axis as the first cable connection socket, and this arrangement continues for other sockets when present. Thus, the cable connection sockets are positioned or lie in a zig zag arrangement either side of a centre axis of the cable connection box that is parallel to a rear wall of the cable connection box.

[0010] In an example, the electrical link and the cable connection box are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, the longitudinal axis of the electrical link is parallel to the centre axis of the cable connection box.

[0011] In an example, the centre axis of the cable connection box lies in the plane parallel to the wall of the circuit breaker compartment offset to one side of the longitudinal axis of the electrical link.

[0012] In an example, the longitudinal axis of the electrical link and the centre axis of the cable connection box share the same axis.

[0013] In an example, the electrical link and the cable connection box are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, the longitudinal axis of the electrical link is at an angle to the centre axis of the cable connection box.

[0014] In an example, the cable connection box comprises a busbar configured to connect to the two or more cable connection sockets. When the busbar is connected to the two or more cable connection sockets two sides of the busbar are parallel to the centre axis of the cable connection box.

[0015] In an example, the cable connection box comprises a busbar configured to connect to the two or more cable connection sockets. When the busbar is connected to the two or more cable connection sockets two sides of the busbar are substantially parallel to one another and follow the zig zag arrangement of the cable connection sockets.

[0016] In an example, a cable connection socket of the two or more cable connection sockets that is adjacent to the electrical link when the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link has a lateral hole. The cable connection box is configured to be connected to the electrical link via a screw extending through the lateral hole.

[0017] In an example, the lateral hole is formed from a locking ring with a male left hand thread at its outer surface that matches a female left hand thread of a tube-shaped extension of the cable connection box.

[0018] In an example, the cable connection box comprises four or more cable connection sockets in a zig zag arrangement.

[0019] In a second aspect, there is provided a circuit breaker apparatus for a medium voltage switchgear. The circuit breaker apparatus comprises a circuit breaker compartment, a plurality of electrical links, and a plurality of cable connection boxes. Each electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment. Each cable connection box is connected to a respective electrical link. Each cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets in a zig zag arrangement. A rear wall of each cable connection box faces a wall of the circuit breaker compartment and the two or more cable connection sockets of each cable connection box face away from the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.

[0020] In an example, a section of each electrical link has a longitudinal axis that lies in a plane parallel to the wall of the circuit breaker compartment. The longitudinal axes of the plurality of electrical links are parallel to one another.

[0021] In an example, each cable connection box has a centre axis parallel to the rear wall of the cable connection box. Centres of consecutive cable connection sockets lie on either side of the centre axis of the cable connection box. The centre axes of the plurality of cable connection boxes are parallel to one another.

[0022] In an example, the longitudinal axis of each electrical link is parallel to the centre axis of the cable connection box to which it is connected.

[0023] In an example, the centre axis of each cable connection box lies in the plane parallel to the wall of the circuit breaker compartment. The longitudinal axis of each electrical link is offset to a same side of the centre axis of each cable connection box to which it is attached.

[0024] In an example, the wall of the circuit breaker compartment has a first edge parallel to a second edge. The longitudinal axes of the plurality of electrical links are parallel to the first edge and second edge.

[0025] In an example, a distance between the first edge and the longitudinal axis of an electrical link adjacent to the first edge is greater than a distance between the second edge and the longitudinal axis of an electrical link adjacent to the second edge.

[0026] In an example, the longitudinal axis of each electrical link and the centre axis of the corresponding cable connection box to which the electrical link is connected share the same axis.

[0027] In an example, the longitudinal axis of each electrical link is at an angle to the centre axis of the cable connection box to which it is connected.

[0028] In an example, the centre axis of each cable connection box lies in the plane parallel to the wall of the circuit breaker compartment. The longitudinal axis of each electrical link is angled in the same direction referred to the centre axis of each cable connection box to which it is attached.

[0029] In an example, the wall of the circuit breaker compartment has a first edge parallel to a second edge. The centre axes of the plurality of cable connection boxes are parallel to the first edge and second edge.

[0030] In an example, a distance between the first edge and the centre axis of a cable connection box adjacent to the first edge is equal to a distance between the second edge and the centre axis of a cable connection box adjacent to the second edge.

[0031] In a third aspect, there is provided a cable connection box for a circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear. The cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets in a zig zag arrangement. The cable connection box is configured to connect to an electrical link that is connected to, or is part of, a circuit breaker compartment of a medium voltage switchgear.

[0032] The above aspects and examples will become apparent from and be elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0033] Exemplary embodiments will be described in the following with reference to the following drawings:

Fig. 1 shows parts of a medium voltage switchgear as described herein;

Fig. 2 shows a comparison between parts of an existing medium voltage switchgear and parts of a medium voltage switchgear as described herein;

Fig. 3 shows parts of a medium voltage switchgear as described herein;

Fig. 4 shows parts of a medium voltage switchgear as described herein

Fig. 5 shows different busbars; and

Fig. 6 shows connection means of a cable connection box for connection to an electrical link.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0034] Figs. 1-9 show examples of connection apparatus for circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear, along with examples of a circuit breaker apparatus for a medium voltage switchgear such as GIS, and examples of a cable connection box for a circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear.
These figures show a connection apparatus for a circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear. The connection apparatus comprises an electrical link 300, 320, and a cable connection box 200, 240. The electrical link is configured to connect to a circuit breaker compartment 100 of a medium voltage switchgear. The cable connection box is configured to connect to the electrical link. The cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets 210 in a zig zag arrangement. The electrical link and the cable connection box are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, a rear wall 201, 241 of the cable connection box faces a wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment and the two or more cable connection sockets face away from the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.

[0035] According to an example, the electrical link 300, 320 is configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment 100 a section of the electrical link has a longitudinal axis 302, 322 that lies in a plane parallel to the wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment.

[0036] According to an example, the cable connection box 200, 240 has a centre axis 202, 242 parallel to the rear wall 201, 241 of the cable connection box. Centres of consecutive cable connection sockets 210 lie on either side of the centre axis of the cable connection box.

[0037] According to an example, the electrical link 300 and the cable connection box 200, 240 are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, the longitudinal axis 302 of the electrical link is parallel to the centre axis 202, 242 of the cable connection box.

[0038] According to an example, the centre axis 242 of the cable connection box 240 lies in the plane parallel to the wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment offset to one side of the longitudinal axis 302 of the electrical link 300.

[0039] According to an example, the longitudinal axis 302 of the electrical link 300 and the centre axis 202 of the cable connection box 200 share the same axis.

[0040] According to an example, the electrical link 320 and the cable connection box 240 are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, the longitudinal axis 322 of the electrical link is at an angle to the centre axis 242 of the cable connection box.

[0041] According to an example, the cable connection box comprises a busbar 205 configured to connect to the two or more cable connection sockets 210. When the busbar is connected to the two or more cable connection sockets two sides of the busbar are parallel to the centre axis 202 of the cable connection box 200.

[0042] According to an example, the cable connection box 240 comprises a busbar 245 configured to connect to the two or more cable connection sockets 210. When the busbar is connected to the two or more cable connection sockets, two sides of the busbar are substantially parallel to one another and follow the zig zag arrangement of the cable connection sockets.

[0043] According to an example, a cable connection socket of the two or more cable connection sockets 210 that is adjacent to the electrical link 300, 320 when the cable connection box 200, 240 is connected to the electrical link has a lateral hole. The cable connection box is configured to be connected to the electrical link via a screw 280 extending through the lateral hole.

[0044] According to an example, the lateral hole is formed from a locking ring 270 with a male left hand thread 278 at its outer surface that matches a female left hand thread 268 of a tube-shaped extension 260 of the cable connection box 200, 240.

[0045] According to an example, the cable connection box 200, 240 comprises four or more cable connection sockets 210 in a zig zag arrangement.

[0046] The figures also show a circuit breaker apparatus for a medium voltage switchgear. The circuit breaker apparatus comprises a circuit breaker compartment 100, a plurality of electrical links 300, 320, and a plurality of cable connection boxes 200, 240. Each electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment 100. Each cable connection box is connected to a respective electrical link. Each cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets 210 in a zig zag arrangement. A rear wall 201, 241 of each cable connection box faces a wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment and the two or more cable connection sockets of each cable connection box face away from the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.

[0047] According to an example, a section of each electrical link 300, 320 has a longitudinal axis 302, 322 that lies in a plane parallel to the wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment, and wherein the longitudinal axes of the plurality of electrical links are parallel to one another.

[0048] According to an example, each cable connection box 200, 240 has a centre axis 202, 242 parallel to the rear wall 201, 241 of the cable connection box. Centres of consecutive cable connection sockets 210 lie on either side of the centre axis of the cable connection box, and wherein the centre axes of the plurality of cable connection boxes are parallel to one another.

[0049] According to an example, the longitudinal axis 302 of each electrical link 300 is parallel to the centre axis 202, 242 of the cable connection box 200, 240 to which it is connected.

[0050] According to an example, the centre axis 242 of each cable connection box 240 lies in the plane parallel to the wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment. The longitudinal axis 302 of each electrical link 300 is offset to a same side of the centre axis of each cable connection box to which it is attached.

[0051] According to an example, the wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment has a first edge 111 parallel to a second edge 112. The longitudinal axes 302 of the plurality of electrical links 300 are parallel to the first edge and second edge.

[0052] According to an example, a distance between the first edge 111 and the longitudinal axis 302 of an electrical link 300 adjacent to the first edge is greater than a distance between the second edge 112 and the longitudinal axis 302 of an electrical link 300 adjacent to the second edge.

[0053] In an example, a distance between the first edge and the centre axis 202, 242 of a cable connection box 200, 240 adjacent to the first edge 111 is equal to a distance between the second edge 112 and the centre axis 202, 242 of a cable connection box 200, 240 adjacent to the second edge.

[0054] According to an example, the longitudinal axis 302 of each electrical link 300 and the centre axis 202 of the corresponding cable connection box 200 to which the electrical link is connected share the same axis.

[0055] In an example, the wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment has a first edge 111 parallel to a second edge 112. The longitudinal axes 302 of the plurality of electrical links 300 are parallel to the first edge and second edge. A distance between the first edge and the longitudinal axis of an electrical link 300 adjacent to the first edge is equal to a distance between the second edge and the longitudinal axis of an electrical link 300 adjacent to the second edge.

[0056] According to an example, the longitudinal axis 322 of each electrical link 320 is at an angle to the centre axis 242 of the cable connection box 240 to which it is connected.

[0057] According to an example, the centre axis 202, 242 of each cable connection box 200, 240 lies in the plane parallel to the wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment. The longitudinal axis 322 of each electrical link 320 is angled in the same direction referred to the centre axis of each cable connection box to which it is attached.

[0058] According to an example, the wall 110 of the circuit breaker compartment has a first edge 111 parallel to a second edge 112, and wherein the centre axes 202, 242 of the plurality of cable connection boxes 200, 240 are parallel to the first edge and second edge.

[0059] According to an example, a distance between the first edge 111 and the centre axis 202, 242 of a cable connection box 200, 240 adjacent to the first edge is equal to a distance between the second edge 112 and the centre axis 202, 242 of a cable connection box 200, 240 adjacent to the second edge.

[0060] In an example, each of the cable connection boxes comprises four or more cable connection sockets 210 in a zig zag arrangement.

[0061] In an example, the circuit breaker apparatus comprises three electrical links 300, 320 and three cable connection boxes 200, 240.

[0062] In this way, an electrical link and associated cable connection box is provided for each phase of a three-phase system.

[0063] The figures also show a cable connection box 200, 240 for a circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear. The cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets 210 in a zig zag arrangement. The cable connection box is configured to connect to an electrical link 300, 320 that is connected to a circuit breaker compartment 100 of a medium voltage switchgear.
In an example, the cable connection box 200, 240 has a centre axis 202, 242 parallel to the rear wall 201, 241 of the cable connection box. Centres of consecutive cable connection sockets 210 lie on either side of the centre axis of the cable connection box.

[0064] In an example, the cable connection box comprises a busbar 205 configured to connect to the two or more cable connection sockets 210. When the busbar is connected to the two or more cable connection sockets two sides of the busbar are parallel to the centre axis of the cable connection box 200.

[0065] In an example, the cable connection box comprises a busbar 245 configured to connect to the two or more cable connection sockets 210. When the busbar is connected to the two or more cable connection sockets two sides of the busbar are substantially parallel to one another and follow the zig zag arrangement of the cable connection sockets.

[0066] In an example, a cable connection socket of the two or more cable connection sockets 210 that is adjacent to the electrical link 300, 320 when the cable connection box 200, 240 is connected to the electrical link has a lateral hole. The cable connection box is configured to be connected to the electrical link via a screw 280 extending through the lateral hole.

[0067] In an example, the lateral hole is formed from a locking ring 270 with a male left hand thread 278 at its outer surface that matches a female left hand thread 268 of tube-shaped extension 260 of the cable connection box 200, 240.

[0068] In an example, the cable connection box comprises four or more cable connection sockets 210 in a zig zag arrangement.

[0069] Thus, parallel cables of a phase of a MV switchgear can be in a zig zag-line for space saving.

[0070] Continuing with the figures, figure 1 shows a part of a medium voltage switchgear in the form of a Gas insulated Switchgear (GIS) as an example. A circuit breaker CB compartment 100 is shown, along with a solid insulated cable connection box 200. The cable connection box 200 comprises a rear wall 201 facing towards a wall 110 of the CB compartment 100. The cable connection box 200 further comprises a centre axis 202. An electrical link 300 with a longitudinal axis 302 is located between the CB compartment 100 and the cable connection box 200. The lower part of the figure is a view from the side; the upper part is a bottom view. There, it can be seen how the four cable connection sockets 210 are arranged in a zig zag line on either side of the centre axis 202. The cable connection boxes in these examples comprise busbar and sockets as internal conductors that are surrounded by an insulating material, for example epoxy, that is covered by a conductive, earthed layer, for example made from electric paint or from metal layer spraying.
Figure 2 shows for comparison the same GIS where one phase is equipped with a cable connection box 220 with four sockets in a line. The sockets have the same distance from each other. It is evident how the zig zag arrangement saves space in a first direction from the left to the right in figure 2. This space can for example be used for the assembly of current transformers CTs or voltage transformers VTs. In a second direction, from the top to the bottom in figure 2, more space is required. This space is available anyway in most cases, as the required distance between the cable sockets is generally less than the space between the phases.
Figure 3 shows an embodiment of a cable connection box 240 with a cente axis 242, where the individual sockets are staged in a way that space is available for the corresponding socket of the neighbouring phase. Due to the staging, the axes 242 and 302 are still parallel, but have an offset.Here, it can be advantageous to have an asymmetric arrangement of the phases, i.e. the distance from the lateral phases to the sidewalls of the compartment is different; A is not the same as B.

[0071] This asymmetric arrangement is not essential, and a symmetric arrangement can be advantageous for the further design of the switchgear panel in some situations, for example for the conductors inside of the CB compartment. Figure 4 shows that the staging of the cable connections can be combined with symmetric phase distances when for example the electrical links 320 include a corresponding offset and the axes 322 are not parallel to the axes 242.

[0072] Figure 5 shows the different busbars that connect the parallel sockets. Busbar 225 represents the case when the sockets are in a line, and the busbar 225 has a certain thickness and a certain cross-section for carrying the current. Feature 226 represents a connection to the electrical link 300 or 320, which is described in more detail with respect to figure 6.
For the cable connection box 200, a busbar 205 is sufficient. The general shape of 205 is the same as the shape of the busbar 225. Busbar 205 has to be wider than busbar 225 to connect the zig zag sockets. However, as the total cross-section does not have to be increased, busbar 205 can be thinner than busbar 225.
For the cable connection box 240, a busbar 245 with a zig zag shape is provided. This shape is more complex regarding the manufacturing process, but it enables the space saving staging shown in the figures 3 and 4. Busbar 245 can be bended from a profile; alternatively, it can nowadays be laser-cut from a sheet.

[0073] Figure 6 shows more detail on connection 226 referred to above, relating to how to connect a cable connection box with an electrical link. The leftmost socket 210 provides a screw-connection to the left. This screw connection comprises a tube-shaped extension 260 from the socket to the left side. The front surface 265 can be firmly connected for example to an electrical link 300 by tightening the screw 280 using a standard wrench from inside of the socket 210.
The screw 280, with an optional washer or spring washer 285, rests on the locking ring 270. The locking ring provides a male left-hand thread 278 at its outer surface to match with the female left-hand thread 268. First, the locking ring 270 is screwed into the tube-shaped extension 260, using the feature 275 for turning the locking ring 270. Then the electrical link 300 is added at the left side and screw 280 is inserted and tightened. Due to the fact that the locking ring has a left-hand thread, it cannot become loose while screw 280 is tightened.
The leftmost surface of the locking ring 270 does not protrude at the leftmost end of the tube-shaped extension 260, as the electrical contact between the tube shaped extension 260 and the electrical link 300 has to be established by the front surface 265. The mechanical contact has to be established by the surface 265 and the screw 280. The socket 210 with the extension 260 can for example be manufactured by founding. The busbar 255 and the further sockets can also be founded in the same step of production.

Reference Numerals



[0074] 

100 CB compartment

110 Wall of CB compartment

111 First edge of 110

112 Second edge of 110

200 Cable connection box with sockets in a zig zag-line

201 Rear wall of 200

202 Centre axis of 200

205 Busbar of cable connection 200

210 Socket

220 Cable connection box with sockets in line

225 Busbar of cable connection 220

226 Connection to the electrical link 300, 320

240 Cable connection box with sockets in a zig zag-line and with a zig zag-busbar

241 Rear wall of 240

242 Centre axis of 240

245 Busbar of cable connection 240

255 Busbar

260 Tube-shaped extension

265 Front surface of 260

268 Female left-hand thread

270 Locking ring

275 Feature for turning 270

278 Male left-hand thread

280 Screw

285 Spring washer

300 Electrical link

302 Longitudinal axis of 300

320 Electrical link for compensation of asymmetric phase distances

322 Longitudinal axis of 320




Claims

1. A connection apparatus for circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear, the connection apparatus comprising:

- an electrical link (300, 320); and

- a cable connection box (200, 240);
wherein, the electrical link is configured to connect to a circuit breaker compartment (100) of a medium voltage switchgear;
wherein, the cable connection box is configured to connect to the electrical link;
wherein, the cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets (210) in a zig zag arrangement; and
wherein, the electrical link and the cable connection box are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, a rear wall (201, 241) of the cable connection box faces a wall (110) of the circuit breaker compartment and the two or more cable connection sockets face away from the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.


 
2. Connection apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the electrical link (300, 320) is configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment (100) a section of the electrical link has a longitudinal axis (302, 322) that lies in a plane parallel to the wall (110) of the circuit breaker compartment.
 
3. Connection apparatus according to any of claims 1-2, wherein the cable connection box (200, 240) has a centre axis (202, 242) parallel to the rear wall (201, 241) of the cable connection box, and wherein the centres of the consecutive cable connection sockets (210) lie on either side of the centre axis of the cable connection box.
 
4. Connection apparatus according to claim 3 when dependent upon claim 2, wherein the electrical link (300) and the cable connection box (200, 240) are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, the longitudinal axis (302) of the electrical link is parallel to the centre axis (202, 242) of the cable connection box.
 
5. Connection apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the centre axis (242) of the cable connection box (240) lies in the plane parallel to the wall (110) of the circuit breaker compartment offset to one side of the longitudinal axis (302) of the electrical link (300).
 
6. Connection apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the longitudinal axis (302) of the electrical link (300) and the centre axis (202) of the cable connection box (200) share the same axis.
 
7. Connection apparatus according to claim 3 when dependent upon claim 2, wherein the electrical link (320) and the cable connection box (200, 240) are configured such that when the electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment and the cable connection box is connected to the electrical link, the longitudinal axis (322) of the electrical link is at an angle to the centre axis (202, 242) of the cable connection box.
 
8. Connection apparatus according to any of claims 3-7, wherein the cable connection box comprises a busbar (205) configured to connect to the two or more cable connection sockets (210), and wherein when the busbar is connected to the two or more cable connection sockets two sides of the busbar are parallel to the centre axis (202) of the cable connection box (200).
 
9. Connection apparatus according to any of claims 3-7,
wherein the cable connection box comprises a busbar (245) configured to connect to the two or more cable connection sockets (210), and wherein when the busbar is connected to the two or more cable connection sockets two sides of the busbar are substantially parallel to one another and follow the zig zag arrangement of the cable connection sockets.
 
10. Connection apparatus according to any of claims 1-9,
wherein a cable connection socket of the two or more cable connection sockets (210) that is adjacent to the electrical link (300, 320) when the cable connection box (200, 240) is connected to the electrical link has a lateral hole, and wherein the cable connection box is configured to be connected to the electrical link via a screw (280) extending through the lateral hole.
 
11. Connection apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the lateral hole is formed from a locking ring (270) with a male left hand thread (278) at its outer surface that matches a female left hand thread (268) of tube-shaped extension (260) of the cable connection box (200, 240).
 
12. Connection apparatus according to any of claims 1-11, wherein the cable connection box comprises four or more cable connection sockets (210) in a zig zag arrangement.
 
13. A circuit breaker apparatus for a medium voltage switchgear, the circuit breaker apparatus comprising:

- a circuit breaker compartment (100);

- a plurality of electrical links (300, 320); and

- a plurality of cable connection boxes (200, 240);
wherein, each electrical link is connected to the circuit breaker compartment (100);
wherein, each cable connection box is connected to a respective electrical link;
wherein, each cable connection box comprises two or more cable connection sockets (210) in a zig zag arrangement; and
wherein, a rear wall (201, 241) of each cable connection box faces a wall (110) of the circuit breaker compartment and the two or more cable connection sockets of each cable connection box face away from the wall of the circuit breaker compartment.


 
14. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 13,
wherein a section of each electrical link (300, 320) has a longitudinal axis (302, 322) that lies in a plane parallel to the wall (110) of the circuit breaker compartment, and wherein the longitudinal axes of the plurality of electrical links are parallel to one another.
 
15. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim any of claims 13-14, wherein each cable connection box (200, 240) has a centre axis (202, 242) parallel to the rear wall (201, 241) of the cable connection box, and wherein centres of consecutive cable connection sockets (210) lie on either side of the centre axis of the cable connection box, and wherein the centre axes of the plurality of cable connection boxes are parallel to one another.
 
16. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 15 when dependent upon claim 14, wherein the longitudinal axis (302) of each electrical link is parallel to the centre axis (202, 242) of the cable connection box to which it is connected.
 
17. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 16,
wherein the centre axis (242) of each cable connection box (240) lies in the plane parallel to the wall (100) of the circuit breaker compartment, and wherein the longitudinal axis (302) of each electrical link (300) is offset to a same side of the centre axis of each cable connection box to which it is attached.
 
18. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 17,
wherein the wall (110) of the circuit breaker compartment has a first edge (111) parallel to a second edge (112), and wherein the longitudinal axes (302) of the plurality of electrical links (300) are parallel to the first edge and second edge.
 
19. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 18,
wherein a distance between the first edge and the longitudinal axis of an electrical link (300) adjacent to the first edge is greater than a distance between the second edge and the longitudinal axis of an electrical link (300) adjacent to the second edge.
 
20. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 16,
wherein the longitudinal axis (302) of each electrical link (300) and the centre axis (202) of the corresponding cable connection box (200) to which the electrical link is connected share the same axis.
 
21. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 15 when dependent upon claim 14, wherein the longitudinal axis (322) of each electrical link (320) is at an angle to the centre axis (202, 242) of the cable connection box (200, 240) to which it is connected.
 
22. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 21,
wherein the centre axis (202, 242) of each cable connection box (200, 240) lies in the plane parallel to the wall (110) of the circuit breaker compartment, and wherein the longitudinal axis (322) of each electrical link (320) is angled in the same direction referred to the centre axis of each cable connection box to which it is attached.
 
23. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 22,
wherein the wall (110) of the circuit breaker compartment has a first edge (111) parallel to a second edge (112), and wherein the centre axes (202, 242) of the plurality of cable connection boxes (200, 240) are parallel to the first edge and second edge.
 
24. Circuit breaker apparatus according to claim 23,
wherein a distance between the first edge (111) and the centre axis (202, 242) of a cable connection box (200, 240) adjacent to the first edge is equal to a distance between the second edge (112) and the centre axis (202, 242) of a cable connection box (200, 240) adjacent to the second edge.
 
25. Circuit breaker apparatus according to any of claims 13-24, wherein each of the cable connection boxes comprises four or more cable connection sockets (210) in a zig zag arrangement.
 
26. Circuit breaker apparatus according to any of claims 13-24, comprising three electrical links (300, 320) and three cable connection boxes (200, 240).
 
27. A cable connection box for a circuit breaker of a medium voltage switchgear, the cable connection box comprising:

- two or more cable connection sockets (210) in a zig zag arrangement;
wherein, the cable connection box is configured to connect to an electrical link (300, 320) that is connected to a circuit breaker compartment (100) of a medium voltage switchgear.


 




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Search report