(19)
(11)EP 3 674 573 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
01.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/27

(21)Application number: 19177738.2

(22)Date of filing:  31.05.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16C 33/20  (2006.01)
C09J 127/12  (2006.01)
B32B 7/12  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 25.12.2018 CN 201811589887

(71)Applicant: Cob Precision Parts Inc.
Zhejiang (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • ZHANG, Guoqiang
    Zhejiang, Zhejiang (CN)

(74)Representative: Rupprecht, Kay 
Meissner Bolte Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte Partnerschaft mbB Widenmayerstraße 47
80538 München
80538 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
Amended claims in accordance with Rule 137(2) EPC.
 


(54)A SLIDING BEARING AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME


(57) Sliding bearing comprising a fluorination-treated bonding layer. The sliding bearing comprises a sliding layer, a backing layer and a bonding layer with at least one fluorination-treated surface. Method for preparing said sliding bearing. While maintaining bonding strength between sliding layer and backing layer in the sliding bearing, the present invention provides a bonding layer of a lower content of fluorine, and thereby minimizes the cost of raw materials and influences to the environment.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of sliding bearings, and in particular relates to a sliding bearing comprising a fluorination-treated bonding layer and to a method for preparing the same.

Background Art



[0002] A sliding bearing refers to a bearing working under sliding friction. Frequently-used materials of sliding bearings include bearing alloy, abrasion resistant cast iron, copper base and aluminum base alloys, powder metallurgy material, plastics, rubber, hardwood, carbon graphite, polytetrafluoroethylene, modified polyformaldehyde, etc. Sliding bearings made of polytetrafluoroethylene are self-lubricating without the presence of other lubricant and have been widely used for its advantages over metallic sliding bearings, such as low energy consumption, low friction coefficient, higher safety, etc. Normally, polytetrafluoroethylene is used as the sliding layer of a sliding bearing to provide excellent lubrication and to, by combination with the backing layer of metal, enhance the loading capacity of the bearing. However, polytetrafluoroethylene has very low polarity, and a special technique is required to provide effective combination with the backing layer of metal so as to meet the requirement of use of the bearing.

[0003] A common method for effective combination between polytetrafluoroethylene and the backing layer of metal has been mentioned in the patent US8931957B2 as follows: Sintering a porous copper powder layer on a metal substrate as a bonding layer, on which polytetrafluoroethylene or a mixture thereof is laid, and under heat and pressure, the polytetrafluoroethylene is pressed into pores in the porous copper powder layer and forms with the metallic backing layer a consolidated structure after curing. However, this method is relatively complicated, and the use of copper powder influences the economic efficiency of the product. In addition, it has also been mentioned in Chinese patents No. 200780053013.3 and 201280019939.1, as well as international patent application No. PCT/EP2013/070239, that a bonding agent mainly comprising a fluoride polymer is used to bond a polytetrafluoroethylene sliding layer and a metallic backing layer. However, production of fluoride polymers is adverse to the environment, while the use of fluoropolymer influences the economic efficiency of the product.

Summary of Invention



[0004] The objective of the present invention is to overcome drawbacks in the prior art by providing a sliding bearing comprising a fluorination-treated bonding layer, and by providing a method for preparing the same. The sliding bearing according to the present invention employs normal fluoride-free thermoplastic films of a lower cost. Because, the major component of the bonding layer with fluorination treatment on the surface of the bonding layer maintains bonding strength with a lower content of fluoride in the bonding layer, and thus there is lower cost of raw materials and smaller impact on the environment.

[0005] For the above objective, the sliding bearing according to the present invention comprises:

A backing layer comprising a first surface and a second surface on the back of the first surface; a bonding layer covering the backing layer and comprising a first bonding surface in contact with the second surface of the backing layer and a second bonding surface on the back of the first bonding surface; and

a sliding layer covering the bonding layer and comprising a first surface in contact with the second bonding surface of the bonding layer and a second surface on the back of the first surface of the sliding layer,

wherein,

the bonding layer comprises fluorine-free thermoplastic resin and at least a fluorination-treated layer formed by a fluorination treatment on the second bonding surface; and the sliding layer comprises polytetrafluoroethylene.



[0006] Preferably, the bonding layer further comprises a fluorination-treated layer formed by a fluorination treatment on the first bonding surface.

[0007] Preferably, the fluorination-treated layer has a depth of 0.001-50µm.

[0008] More preferably, the fluorination-treated layer has a depth of 0.1-15µm.

[0009] Preferably, fluorine in the fluorination-treated layer has a relative atomic concentration of 1-80%, the concentration of the fluorine being obtainable through analysis by an X-ray photoelectron spectrometer.

[0010] More preferably, the fluorine has a relative atomic concentration of 5-52%.

[0011] Preferably, the thermoplastic resin has a melting point of 330°C or lower.

[0012] Preferably, the thermoplastic resin is selected from one or more of polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyurethane, polyamide, polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate and polyphenylene sulfide.

[0013] More preferably, the thermoplastic resin is selected from one or more of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyurethane, polyamide and polyphenylene sulfide.

[0014] Preferably, mass fraction of the thermoplastic resin in the bonding layer is 40-100%.

[0015] Preferably, the bonding layer further comprises a first filler selected from a graft modified polymer, inorganic powder or a combination thereof, the graft modified polymer being selected from one or more of anhydride grafted polyethylene, anhydride grafted polypropylene and acrylate grafted polypropylene, the inorganic powder being selected from one or more of graphite, graphene, carbon nanotube and silicon dioxide.

[0016] Preferably, the bonding layer has a thickness of 0.005-0.1mm.

[0017] More preferably, the bonding layer has a thickness of 0.02-0.06mm.

[0018] Preferably, mass fraction of the polytetrafluoroethylene in the sliding layer is 20-100%.

[0019] More preferably, mass fraction of the polytetrafluoroethylene in the sliding layer is 60-90%.

[0020] Preferably, the sliding layer further comprises a second filler selected from solid lubricants, abrasion resistance improvers, reinforcements, polymers or a mixture thereof; the solid lubricants being selected from one or more of graphite, graphite fluoride, graphene, carbon nanotube, molybdenum disulfide and tungsten disulfide; the abrasion resistance improvers being selected from one or more of copper, plumbum, copper sulfide, zinc sulfide, barium sulfate, ferric sulfide, chromium oxide, aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, boron nitride and glass beads; the reinforcements being selected from one or more of glass fibers, carbon fibers, aramid fibers, polyether-ether-ketone fibers and polyimide fibers; the polymers being selected from one or more of polyamide, polyphenyl ester, polyphenylene sulfide, polyether ether ketone, polyimide, polyamide-imide, polyvinylidene fluoride, ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer, fluorinated ethylene-propylene copolymer and tetrafluoroethylene-perfluoalkoxyvinyl ether copolymer.

[0021] Preferably, the first surface of the sliding layer is a surface subjected to a surface treatment.

[0022] More preferably, the surface treatment includes chemical modification treatment, plasma treatment, corona treatment, flame treatment and laser radiation treatment.

[0023] The present invention further provides a method for preparing the sliding bearing as described in any one of claims 1-18, the method comprising:

Performing the fluorination treatment on at least the second bonding surface of the bonding layer;

placing the first bonding surface of the bonding layer on the second surface of the backing layer and then placing the first surface of the sliding layer on the second bonding surface of the bonding layer to form a laminated assembly;

heating and pressurizing the laminated assembly; and

cooling the laminated assembly in a pressurized state.



[0024] The present invention is advantageous in the following aspects: The present invention employs normal fluoride-free thermoplastic films of a lower cost as the major component of the bonding layer with fluorination treatment on the surface of the fluorine-free bonding layer within a certain depth, so as to increase the content of fluorine in the surface of the bonding layer, its surface energy and its compatibility with the sliding layer. In such a way, under the premise that effective combination between the sliding layer and the backing layer is ensured, the employed bonding layer only comprises normal thermoplastic resin containing a suitable amount of fluorine within a certain depth, providing lower cost of use as compared to expensive bonding layers made of fluoropolymer and smaller impact on the environment thanks to the lower content of fluorine in the bonding layer.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0025] 

Fig. 1 is an exploded cross-sectional view of one embodiment of the sliding bearing according to the present invention.

Fig. 2 is another exploded cross-sectional view of one embodiment of the sliding bearing according to the present invention.

Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a method for preparing the sliding bearing according to the present invention.


Embodiment



[0026] The present invention will now be explained in detail with reference to specific examples, but the scope of protection of the present invention will not be limited to these examples. Any variation or substitution that a person skilled in the art will easily anticipate within the disclosure of the present invention shall be covered by the present invention. Therefore, the scope of protection of the invention shall be determined based on the scope of protection of the claims.

[0027] Explanations and clarifications will now be made on some terms and symbols used in the present invention:
When used in the present invention, the term 'thermoplastic resin' shall refer to a resin having a property of softening when heated and hardening when cooled without any chemical reaction and maintaining the property regardless of number of times of heating and cooling performed. During formation processing, a thermoplastic resin softens and flows when pressurized and heated without causing chemical crosslinking, and is shaped in a mold to form a product of desired shape after cooling. During repeated heating, it endures generally no change in molecular structure but is degraded or decomposed when the temperature is too high or being heated for too long.

[0028] When used in the present invention, the term 'melting point'(Tm) refers to the temperature at which the thermoplastic resin is fused. In other words, it refers to the temperature at which the thermoplastic resin being solid at room temperature is melted in heat into liquid (or 'a fused state').

[0029] When used in the present invention, the term 'fluorination treatment' refers to a treatment of modifying the surface of a substrate, so as to increase the content of fluorine in and surface energy of the surface of the substrate. Fluorination treatment can be carried out in known ways in the art, such as radiation grafting, plasma activation, chemical etching, electrostatic spraying, etc. The present invention is not limited to these ways. Any method that enables the substrate to include a suitable amount of fluorine within a certain depth from the surface can be applied to the present invention.

[0030] When used in the present invention, the term 'roughening treatment' refers to processing on the surface of a substrate to form uneven structure on the surface, so as to increase the adhesive force of the substrate. All known methods for roughening treatment, including but not limited to sand papering, sand blasting, chemical etching, etc., can be applied to the present invention.

[0031] When used in the present invention, the term 'surface roughness' refers to small gap and unevenness of small peak and trough of the surface of a substrate which has received roughening treatment. The smaller the surface roughness is, the smoother the surface is. Ra is a unit of measurement of surface roughness called arithmetical mean deviation of the profile or center line at the average, and is an arithmetical mean value of the height of each point on the profile within the scope of measurement length. The surface roughness Ra in the present invention is measured by a surface roughometer.

[0032] When used in the present invention, the term 'surface treatment' refers to a processing on the surface of a substrate to improve its surface activity, so as to enhance adhesion of the substrate, etc. All known methods capable of improving surface activity of the sliding layer, including but not limited to chemical modification treatment, plasma treatment, corona treatment, flame treatment, laser radiation treatment, etc., can be applied to the present invention.

[0033] Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in the following with reference to the figures.

[0034] Fig. 1 shows an exploded cross-sectional view of one embodiment of the sliding bearing according to the present invention. In this embodiment, the sliding bearing according to the present invention comprises a backing layer 101, a bonding layer 102 and a sliding layer 103, wherein the backing layer 101 comprises a first surface 101a and a second surface 101b on the back of the first surface 101a. The bonding layer 102 covers the backing layer 101 and comprises a first bonding surface 102a in contact with the second surface 101b of the backing layer 101, and a second bonding surface 102b on the back of the first bonding surface 102a. Fluorination treatment is carried out on the second bonding surface 102b so that the bonding layer 102 includes a fluorination-treated layer F on the second bonding surface 102b side. The sliding layer 103 covers the bonding layer 102 and comprises a first surface 103a in contact with the second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer 102 and a second surface 103b on the back of the first surface 103a. In the present embodiment, the bonding layer 102 is composed mainly of fluorine-free thermoplastic resin with fluorination treatment on the second bonding surface 102b in contact with the sliding layer 103. The formed fluorination-treated layer F increases the content of fluorine and surface energy of the surface of the bonding layer 102 in contact with the sliding layer 103 and further enhance its compatibility with the polytetrafluoroethylene sliding layer. As compared to a bonding layer without fluorination treatment, the bonding strength between the bonding layer 102 and the sliding layer 103 is significantly enhanced. And, as fluorination treatment is only carried out on the surface of the bonding layer, the cost of use is lowered and impact on the environment is minimized as compared to a bonding layer formed of fluoropolymer. As compared to the embodiment as shown in Fig. 2 of the present invention, in which fluorination treatment is carried out on both surfaces of the bonding layer, the present embodiment, in which the fluorination treatment is carried only on the second bonding surface 102b, can maintain the bonding strength of the sliding layer, while further lowering the overall fluorine content, thereby reducing cost and minimizing impact on the environment. Composition of each layer and parameters, such as thickness, of the present embodiment will be explained in detail in the following paragraphs.

[0035] Fig. 2 shows an exploded cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the sliding bearing according to the present invention. In this embodiment, the sliding bearing according to the present invention comprises a backing layer 101, a bonding layer 102 and a sliding layer 103, wherein the backing layer 101 comprises a first surface 101a and a second surface 101b on the back of the first surface 101a The bonding layer 102 covers the backing layer 101 and comprises a first bonding surface 102a in contact with the second surface 101b of the backing layer 101 and a second bonding surface 102b on the back of the first bonding surface 102a. Fluorination treatment is carried out on both of the first bonding surface 102a and the second bonding surface 102b, so that the bonding layer 102 includes fluorination-treated layers F on both of the first bonding surface 102a side and the second bonding surface 102b side. The sliding layer 103 covers the bonding layer 102 and comprises a first surface 103a in contact with the second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer 102 and a second surface 103b on the back of the first surface 103a. In the present embodiment, the bonding layer 102 is composed mainly of fluorine-free thermoplastic resin with fluorination treatment on both surfaces of the bonding layer 102. The formed fluorination-treated layers F increase the content of fluorine and surface energy of the surface of the bonding layer 102 in contact with the sliding layer 103, and further enhance its compatibility with the polytetrafluoroethylene sliding layer. As compared to a bonding layer without fluorination treatment, the bonding strength between the bonding layer 102 and the sliding layer 103 is significantly enhanced. And, as fluorination treatment is only carried out on the surface of the bonding layer, the cost of use is lowered and impact on the environment is minimized as compared to a bonding layer formed of fluoropolymer. As compared to the embodiment as shown in Fig. 1 of the present invention, the present embodiment in which fluorination treatment is carried out on both surfaces of the bonding layer is easier and provides for a simplified production process. Composition of each layer and parameters, such as thickness, of the present embodiment will be explained in detail in the following paragraphs.

Backing layer



[0036] The backing layer 101 according to the present application is made of metal. The metal has not been specifically defined and can be selected from low carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum, copper, or their alloys.

[0037] The second surface 101b of the backing layer 101 can be roughened to increase adhesion of the backing layer 101 to the bonding layer 102. Roughening methods are not specifically defined and are preferably selected from known methods in the art such as sand papering, sand blasting, chemical etching, etc. After the second surface 101b of the backing layer 101 is roughened, its surface roughness Ra is not specifically defined and preferably Ra=0.1-10µm, more preferably, Ra=1-5µm. The surface roughness Ra is measured by a surface roughometer (Mitutoyo SJ-310).

[0038] The thickness of the backing layer 101 is not specifically defined and can be configured based on actual needs, such as 0.1-2mm, etc.

Bonding layer



[0039] The bonding layer 102 of the present application is made of fluorine-free thermoplastic resin. In addition, the bonding layer 102 can further comprise a filler.

[0040] The fluorine-free thermoplastic resin used in the bonding layer 102 according to the present invention is not specifically defined and is acceptable, as long as its melting point (Tm) is not higher than 330°C. The thermoplastic resin can be selected from one or more of polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyurethane, polyamide, polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate and polyphenylene sulfide. For the purpose of better adhesion, the thermoplastic resin can be one or more of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyurethane, polyamide and polyphenylene sulfide.

[0041] The filler used in the present invention may include a graft modified polymer, inorganic powder or a combination thereof. The graft modified polymer can be selected from one or more of anhydride grafted polyethylene, anhydride grafted polypropylene and acrylate grafted polypropylene. The inorganic powder can be selected from one or more of graphite, graphene, carbon nanotube and silicon dioxide.

[0042] In one embodiment of the present invention, the mass fraction of the thermoplastic resin in the bonding layer 102 is 40-100%. Within said mass fraction, not only is the bonding strength of the bonding layer excellent, but also the bonding layer film has good ductility and malleability for subsequent forming process of the bearings.

[0043] The thickness of the bonding layer 102 can be 0.005-0.1mm. Preferably, the bonding layer 102 has a thickness of 0.02-0.06mm. When the thickness of the bonding layer 102 is 0.005-0.1mm, its bonding strength is excellent, and the cost is lower.

[0044] The method for carrying out fluorination treatment on the bonding layer 102 is not specifically defined, and known methods of fluorination treatment in the art can be used. Preferably, the following methods can be used: Radiation grafting, plasma activation, chemical etching, electrostatic spraying, etc.

[0045] The depth of the fluorination-treated layer F of the bonding layer 102 can be set freely based on the environment of use, bonding strength, etc. of the bearing. In one preferred embodiment of the present invention, the depth of the fluorination-treated layer F is 0.001-50µm. Preferably, the depth of the fluorination-treated layer F is 0.1-15µm. When the depth of the fluorination-treated layer F is 0.001-50µm, the bonding layer 102 has excellent bonding strength, the fluorination process is less difficult and the cost is lower. Similarly, the relative atomic concentration of fluorine in the fluorination-treated layer F of the bonding layer 102 is not specifically defined, as long as it is sufficient to enhance compatibility between the bonding layer and the sliding layer. In one preferred embodiment of the present invention, the relative atomic concentration of fluorine in the fluorination-treated layer F is 1-80%. Preferably, the relative atomic concentration of fluorine is 5-52%. When the relative atomic concentration of fluorine is 1-80%, not only is the bonding strength of the bonding layer 102 excellent, but also the cost is lower and the impact on environment is minimized. In the present invention, the depth of the fluorination-treated layer and the relative atomic concentration of fluorine are obtained by Ar etching depth profiling with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The device used is ESCALAB MK II electronic spectrometer (VG, UK), with Mg Kα X ray as excitation source (Ex energy: 1253.6ec), a power of 12KV×20mA and an analyzer pass energy of 20eV. The depth profiling is carried out by Ar etching, with a vacuum energy of 3X10-6mbar, acceleration voltage of 2.5KV and current of 40µA.

Sliding Layer



[0046] The sliding layer 103 of the present invention is mainly composed of polytetrafluoroethylene, and its mass fraction could be empirical value in the art. In one preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mass fraction of the polytetrafluoroethylene is 20-100%. Preferably, the mass fraction of the polytetrafluoroethylene is 60-90%. When the mass fraction of the polytetrafluoroethylene in the sliding layer 103 is 20-100%, the sliding layer has a low friction coefficient, excellent abrasion resistance and lower cost.

[0047] The sliding layer 103 of the present invention may further comprise a filler. The filler is not specifically defined and can be selected from solid lubricants, abrasion resistance improvers, reinforcements, polymers or a mixture thereof. The solid lubricants are not specifically defined and can be selected from one or more of graphite, graphite fluoride, graphene, carbon nanotube, molybdenum disulfide and tungsten disulfide. The abrasion resistance improvers are not specifically defined and can be selected from one or more of copper, plumbum, copper sulfide, zinc sulfide, barium sulfate, ferric sulfide, chromium oxide, aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, boron nitride and glass beads. The reinforcements are not specifically defined and can be selected from one or more of glass fibers, carbon fibers, aramid fibers, polyether-ether-ketone fibers and polyimide fibers. The polymers are not specifically defined, and can be selected from one or more of polyamide, polyphenyl ester, polyphenylene sulfide, polyether ether ketone, polyimide, polyamide-imide, polyvinylidene fluoride, ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer, fluorinated ethylene-propylene copolymer and tetrafluoroethylene-perfluoalkoxyvinyl ether copolymer.

[0048] In one preferred embodiment, the first surface 103a of the sliding layer 103 of the present invention is surface treated in advance, so as to increase the adhesive force of the sliding layer 103 to the bonding layer 102. The surface treatment method is not specifically defined and can be selected from chemical modification treatment, plasma treatment, corona treatment, flame treatment and laser radiation treatment.

[0049] The thickness of the sliding layer 103 can be configured based on actual needs, such as 0.01-10mm. Preferably, the thickness is 0.1-1mm. when the thickness of the sliding layer 103 is 0.01-10mm, the sliding layer 103 has a longer service life, excellent bonding strength with the bonding layer 102, and a lower cost.

Preparation of the sliding bearing



[0050] As shown in Fig. 3, a hot-pressing molding method is used to prepare the sliding bearing according to the present invention by heating and pressurizing the backing layer 101, the bonding layer 102 and the sliding layer 103, and details are as follows:

①Performing the fluorination treatment on at least the second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer 102 to form a fluorination-treated layer F (not shown);

②placing the first bonding surface 102a of the bonding layer 102 on the second surface 101b of the backing layer 101; and then placing the first surface 103a of the sliding layer 103 on the fluorination-treated second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer to form a laminated assembly;

③heating and pressurizing the laminated assembly 100; and

④cooling the laminated assembly 100 in a pressurized state.



[0051] Then, the cooled laminated assembly 100 is prepared into a sliding bearing using a conventional forming method in the art.

[0052] The sliding bearing in the present invention can be prepared with appropriate hot-pressing parameters (pressure, temperature, time, etc.) that are chosen according to the layer composition, thickness and desired bond strength, etc. of the sliding bearing according to the present invention. And for those skilled in the art, it does not require any creative effort to choose the above hot-pressing parameters.

[0053] The applied pressure could be 0.1-10 MPa. Preferably, the applied pressure is 0.5-2 MPa.

[0054] The heating temperature can be any temperature above the melting point of the thermoplastic resin, but no higher than 330°C. Preferably, the heating temperature is 30°C above the melting point or lower. More preferably, the heating temperature is 10°C above the melting point or lower.

[0055] The time of heating and pressurizing can be 5-600 s. Preferably, the time of heating and pressurizing is 10-150 s. When the time of heating and pressurizing is 5-600 s, the bonding strength between the bonding layer and the sliding layer is excellent.

[0056] The abovementioned laminated assembly 100 can be prepared into a sliding bearing using a conventional forming method in the art, such as rolling formation.

[0057] The above preparation method can also include a roughening treatment on the second surface 101b of the backing layer 101, and the method of the roughening treatment can employ any aforementioned method in the present application.

[0058] The above preparation method can further comprise a surface treatment on the first surface 103a of the sliding layer 103 in advance. The treatment method may employ any aforementioned method in the present application.

Peel strength testing



[0059] The substrate 100 of the prepared sliding bearing is cut into bar-shaped samples with a width of 10 mm. The sliding layer 103 and the backing layer 101 are peeled from each other at a speed of 20 mm/min and a peel angle of 180°. A peel strength is obtained by dividing the biggest peel force recorded by an electric universal testing machine (SUNS UTM5105) by the width of the samples.

Embodiment


(Embodiment 1)



[0060] The substrate of the sliding bearing is prepared according to the abovementioned methods in the embodiments, wherein:
The backing layer 101 is a low carbon steel plate with a thickness of 0.5 mm, and the surface roughness Ra of the roughening-treated second surface 101b of the backing layer 101 is 2.0 µm.

[0061] The bonding layer 102 is a polypropylene film of a thickness of 0.03 mm and comprising 10% (mass fraction) maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene. The fluorination treatment is performed on both the first bonding surface 102a and the second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer with a 2 µm depth of fluorination treatment and a 20% fluorine concentration.

[0062] The sliding layer 103, with a thickness of 0.5 mm, is a polytetrafluoroethylene membrane, 5% (mass fraction) of which is graphite. A sodium-naphthalene treatment is performed on the first surface 103a of the sliding layer 103.

[0063] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 1.32 N/mm.

(Embodiment 2)



[0064] The substrate of the sliding bearing is prepared according to the abovementioned methods in the embodiments, wherein:
The backing layer 101 is a low carbon steel plate with a thickness of 0.5 mm, and the surface roughness Ra of the roughening-treated second surface 101b of the backing layer 101 is 2.0 µm.

[0065] The bonding layer 102 is a thermoplastic polyphenylene sulfide film that has a thickness of 0.02 mm. The fluorination treatment is performed on the second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer 102 with a 2 µm depth of the fluorination treatment and a 10 % fluorine concentration.

[0066] The sliding layer 103, with a thickness of 0.3 mm, is a polytetrafluoroethylene membrane, 5% (mass fraction) of which is molybdenum disulfide and 20% (mass fraction) of which is silicon carbide. A sodium-naphthalene treatment is performed on the first surface 103a of the sliding layer 103.

[0067] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 3.24 N/mm.

(Embodiment 3)



[0068] The substrate of the sliding bearing is prepared according to the abovementioned methods in the embodiments, wherein:
The backing layer 101 is a low carbon steel plate with a thickness of 0.25 mm, and the surface roughness Ra of the roughening-treated second surface 101b of the backing layer 101 is 1.6 µm.

[0069] The bonding layer 102 is a thermoplastic polyphenylene sulfide film that has a thickness of 0.02 mm. The fluorination treatment is performed on the second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer 102 with a 5 µm depth of the fluorination treatment and a 22 % fluorine concentration.

[0070] The rest of Embodiment 3 is the same as Embodiment 2. The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 3.52 N/mm.

(Embodiment 4)



[0071] The thickness of the bonding layer 102 is 0.045 mm, the depth of the fluorination treatment is 15 µm, and the fluorine concentration is 19%. Apart from this, the rest of Embodiment 4 is the same as Embodiment 3.

[0072] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 3.10 N/mm.

(Embodiment 5)



[0073] In the bonding layer 102, the depth of the fluorination treatment is 0.1 µm, and the fluorine concentration is 5%. Apart from this, the rest of Embodiment 5 is the same as Embodiment 3.

[0074] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 2.84 N/mm.

(Embodiment 6)



[0075] The bonding layer 102, with a thickness of 0.045 mm, is a polyamide-6-film, 2% (mass fraction) of which is graphite. Apart from this, the rest of Embodiment 6 is the same as Embodiment 1.

[0076] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 2.12 N/mm.

(Embodiment 7)



[0077] The bonding layer 102, with a thickness of 0.05 mm, is a thermoplastic polyurethane film, 2% (mass fraction) of which is silicon dioxide. Apart from this, the rest of Embodiment 7 is the same as Embodiment 1.

[0078] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 3.53 N/mm.

(Embodiment 8)



[0079] The bonding layer has a fluorine concentration of 52%. Apart from this, the rest of Embodiment 8 is the same as Embodiment 1.

[0080] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 1.54 N/mm.

(Comparative example 1)



[0081] The fluorination treatment is not performed on either the first bonding surface 102a or the second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer 102. Apart from this, the rest of Comparative example 1 is the same as Embodiment 1.

[0082] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 0.58 N/mm.

(Comparative example 2)



[0083] The fluorination treatment is not performed on either the first bonding surface 102a or the second bonding surface 102b of the bonding layer 102. Apart from this, the rest of Comparative example 2 is the same as Embodiment 2.

[0084] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 1.07 N/mm.

(Comparative example 3)



[0085] The bonding layer 102 is an ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer with a thickness of 0.05 mm and its surface is not fluorination-treated. Apart from this, the rest of Comparative example 3 is the same as Embodiment 2.

[0086] The peel strength between the prepared backing layer 101 and sliding layer 103 of the sliding bearing is 1.98 N/mm.

[0087] All Embodiments and Comparative examples are incorporated into and shown in Table 1.
Table 1
 Embodiments according to the invention:Comparative examples:
 12345678123
Backing layer Composition LCSP LCSP LCSP LCSP LCSP LCSP LCSP LCSP LCSP LCSP LCSP
Thickness (mm) 0.5 0.5 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Surface roughness degree (µm) 2.0 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bonding layer Thermoplastic resin/phr PP/90 PPS/100 PPS/100 PPS/100 PPS/100 PA-6/98 PU/98 PP/90 PP/90 PPS/100 ETFE copolymer/100
First filler/phr MA grafted PP/10 -- -- -- -- Graphite/2 Silicon dioxide/2 MA grafted PP/10 MA grafted PP/10 -- --
Thickness (mm) 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.045 0.02 0.045 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.05
FT Number of surfaces 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 0 0 0
Depth (µm) 2 2 5 15 0.1 2 2 2 --   --
Fluorine concentr ation (%) 20 10 22 19 5 20 20 52 --   --
Sliding layer PTFE/phr 95 75 75 75 75 95 95 95 95 75 75
Second filler/phr Graphite /5 MoS2/5+ SiC/20 MoS2/5+ SiC/20 MoS2/5+ SiC/20 MoS2/5+ SiC/20 Graphite/5 Graphite /5 Graphite/ 5 Graphite/ 5 MoS2/5+ SiC/20 MoS2/5+ SiC/20
Thickness (mm) 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3
Assessment Peel strength (N/mm) 1.32 3.24 3.52 3.10 2.84 2.12 3.53 1.54 0.58 1.07 1.98


[0088] The meanings of the abbreviations in table 1 are as follows:
LCSP:
Low carbon steel plate
phr:
Parts per hundred
PP:
Polypropylene
PPS:
Polyphenylene sulfide
MA:
Maleinic anhydride
PA:
Polyamide
PU:
Polyurethan
ETFE:
Ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene
PTFE:
Polytetrafluoroethylene
FT:
Fluorination Treatment
MoS2:
Modybdenum disulfide
SiC:
Silicon carbide


[0089] It is evident from the above Embodiments and Comparative examples that in the present invention, the bonding layer containing a fluorination-treated layer and the sliding layer have a bond strength between them that is significantly increased as compared to with a bonding layer that is not fluorination-treated, and have an equal or better peel strength as compared a bonding layer composed of a fluorine-containing polymer. The sliding bearing of the present invention, on the condition that the effective combination between the sliding layer and the backing layer is secured, uses a bonding layer that is an ordinary thermoplastic film only containing an appropriate amount of fluorine within a certain depth range under its surface, thereby costs are reduced as compared with the use of expensive fluorine-containing polymer as the bonding layer. Moreover, the realization of low fluorine content of the bonding layer abates environment pollution. Additionally, the preparation method of the sliding bearing in the present invention is easy, and can be applied to industrial production.


Claims

1. A sliding bearing, comprising:

A backing layer (101) comprising a first surface (101a) and a second surface (101b) on the back of the first surface (101a);

a bonding layer (102) covering the backing layer (101) and comprising a first bonding surface (102a) in contact with the second surface (101b) of the backing layer (101) and a second bonding surface (102b) on the back of the first bonding surface (102a); and

a sliding layer (103) covering the bonding layer (102) and comprising a first surface (103a) in contact with the second bonding surface (102b) of the bonding layer (102) and a second surface (103b) on the back of the first surface (103a) of the sliding layer (103),

wherein,

the bonding layer (102) comprises fluorine-free thermoplastic resin and at least a fluorination-treated layer (F) formed by a fluorination treatment on the second bonding surface (102b); and

the sliding layer (103) comprises polytetrafluoroethylene.


 
2. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1, wherein the bonding layer (102) further comprises a fluorination-treated layer (F) formed by a fluorination treatment on the first bonding surface (102a).
 
3. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the fluorination-treated layer (F) has a depth of 0.001-50µm, preferably of 0.1-15µm.
 
4. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein fluorine in the fluorination-treated layer (F) has a relative atomic concentration of 1-80%, the concentration of the fluorine being obtained through analysis by an X-ray photoelectron spectrometer, preferably the fluorine has a relative atomic concentration of 5-52%.
 
5. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the thermoplastic resin has a melting point of 330°C or lower.
 
6. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the thermoplastic resin is selected from one or more of polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyurethane, polyamide, polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate and polyphenylene sulfide, preferably the thermoplastic resin is selected from one or more of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyurethane, polyamide and polyphenylene sulfide.
 
7. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein mass fraction of the thermoplastic resin in the bonding layer (102) is 40-100%.
 
8. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the bonding layer (102) further comprises a first filler selected from a graft modified polymer, inorganic powder or a combination thereof, the graft modified polymer being selected from one or more of anhydride grafted polyethylene, anhydride grafted polypropylene and acrylate grafted polypropylene, the inorganic powder being selected from one or more of graphite, graphene, carbon nanotube and silicon dioxide.
 
9. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the bonding layer (102) has a thickness of 0.005-0.1mm, preferably of 0.02-0.06mm.
 
10. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein mass fraction of the polytetrafluoroethylene in the sliding layer (103) is 20-100%, preferably 60-90%.
 
11. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the sliding layer (103) further comprises a second filler selected from solid lubricants, abrasion resistance improvers, reinforcements, polymers, or a mixture thereof; the solid lubricants being selected from one or more of graphite, graphite fluoride, graphene, carbon nanotube, molybdenum disulfide and tungsten disulfide; the abrasion resistance improvers being selected from one or more of copper, plumbum, copper sulfide, zinc sulfide, barium sulfate, ferric sulfide, chromium oxide, aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, boron nitride and glass beads; the reinforcements being selected from one or more of glass fibers, carbon fibers, aramid fibers, polyether-ether-ketone fibers and polyimide fibers; the polymers being selected from one or more of polyamide, polyphenyl ester, polyphenylene sulfide, polyether ether ketone, polyimide, polyamide-imide, polyvinylidene fluoride, ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer, fluorinated ethylene-propylene copolymer and tetrafluoroethylene-perfluoalkoxyvinyl ether copolymer.
 
12. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the first surface of the sliding layer (103) is a surface subjected to a surface treatment.
 
13. The sliding bearing as described in claim 12, wherein the surface treatment includes chemical modification treatment, plasma treatment, corona treatment, flame treatment and laser radiation treatment.
 
14. A method for preparing the sliding bearing as described in any one of claims 1-13, the method comprising:

Performing the fluorination treatment on at least the second bonding surface (102b) of the bonding layer (102);

placing the first bonding surface (102a) of the bonding layer (102) on the second surface (101b) of the backing layer (101), and then placing the first surface (103a) of the sliding layer (103) on the second bonding surface (102b) of the bonding layer (102) to form a laminated assembly;

heating and pressurizing the laminated assembly; and

cooling the laminated assembly in a pressurized state.


 


Amended claims in accordance with Rule 137(2) EPC.


1. A sliding bearing, comprising:

a backing layer (101) comprising a first surface (101a) and a second surface (101b) on the back of the first surface (101a);

a bonding layer (102) covering the backing layer (101) and comprising a first bonding surface (102a) in contact with the second surface (101b) of the backing layer (101) and a second bonding surface (102b) on the back of the first bonding surface (102a); and

a sliding layer (103) covering the bonding layer (102) and comprising a first surface (103a) in contact with the second bonding surface (102b) of the bonding layer (102) and a second surface (103b) on the back of the first surface (103a) of the sliding layer (103),

wherein, the bonding layer (102) comprises fluorine-free thermoplastic resin and at least a fluorination-treated layer (F) formed as the second bonding surface (102b) by a fluorination treatment of the fluorine-free thermoplastic resin;

and the sliding layer (103) comprises polytetrafluoroethylene.


 
2. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1, wherein the bonding layer (102) further comprises another fluorination-treated layer (F) formed as the first bonding surface (102a) by a fluorination treatment of the fluorine-free thermoplastic resin.
 
3. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the fluorination-treated layer (F) has a depth of 0.001-50µm, preferably of 0.1-15µm.
 
4. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein fluorine in the fluorination-treated layer (F) has a relative atomic concentration of 1-80%, the concentration of the fluorine being obtained through analysis by an X-ray photoelectron spectrometer, preferably the fluorine has a relative atomic concentration of 5-52%.
 
5. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the thermoplastic resin has a melting point of 330°Cor lower.
 
6. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the thermoplastic resin is selected from one or more of polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyurethane, polyamide, polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate and polyphenylene sulfide, preferably the thermoplastic resin is selected from one or more of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyurethane, polyamide and polyphenylene sulfide.
 
7. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein mass fraction of the thermoplastic resin in the bonding layer (102) is 40-100%.
 
8. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the bonding layer (102) further comprises a first filler selected from a graft modified polymer, inorganic powder or a combination thereof, the graft modified polymer being selected from one or more of anhydride grafted polyethylene, anhydride grafted polypropylene and acrylate grafted polypropylene, the inorganic powder being selected from one or more of graphite, graphene, carbon nanotube and silicon dioxide.
 
9. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the bonding layer (102) has a thickness of 0.005-0.1mm, preferably of 0.02-0.06mm.
 
10. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein mass fraction of the polytetrafluoroethylene in the sliding layer (103) is 20-100%, preferably 60-90%.
 
11. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the sliding layer (103) further comprises a second filler selected from solid lubricants, abrasion resistance improvers, reinforcements, polymers, or a mixture thereof; the solid lubricants being selected from one or more of graphite, graphite fluoride, graphene, carbon nanotube, molybdenum disulfide and tungsten disulfide; the abrasion resistance improvers being selected from one or more of copper, plumbum, copper sulfide, zinc sulfide, barium sulfate, ferric sulfide, chromium oxide, aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, boron nitride and glass beads; the reinforcements being selected from one or more of glass fibers, carbon fibers, aramid fibers, polyether-ether-ketone fibers and polyimide fibers; the polymers being selected from one or more of polyamide, polyphenyl ester, polyphenylene sulfide, polyether ether ketone, polyimide, polyamide-imide, polyvinylidene fluoride, ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer, fluorinated ethylene-propylene copolymer and tetrafluoroethylene-perfluoalkoxyvinyl ether copolymer.
 
12. The sliding bearing as described in claim 1 or 2, wherein the first surface of the sliding layer (103) is a surface subjected to a surface treatment.
 
13. The sliding bearing as described in claim 12, wherein the surface treatment includes chemical modification treatment, plasma treatment, corona treatment, flame treatment and laser radiation treatment.
 
14. A method for preparing the sliding bearing as described in any one of claims 1-13, the method comprising: Performing the fluorination treatment on at least the second bonding surface (102b) of the bonding layer (102); placing the first bonding surface (102a) of the bonding layer (102) on the second surface (101b) of the backing layer (101), and then placing the first surface (103a) of the sliding layer (103) on the second bonding surface (102b) of the bonding layer (102) to form a laminated assembly; heating and pressurizing the laminated assembly; and cooling the laminated assembly in a pressurized state.
 




Drawing

















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description