(19)
(11)EP 3 683 043 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 19152040.2

(22)Date of filing:  16.01.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B32B 5/02(2006.01)
B32B 5/20(2006.01)
B32B 5/26(2006.01)
B32B 15/20(2006.01)
B32B 27/12(2006.01)
B32B 27/32(2006.01)
B32B 27/36(2006.01)
B32B 29/02(2006.01)
B32B 5/18(2006.01)
B32B 5/24(2006.01)
B32B 15/14(2006.01)
B32B 27/06(2006.01)
B32B 27/28(2006.01)
B32B 27/34(2006.01)
B32B 27/40(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Autoneum Management AG
8406 Winterthur (CH)

(72)Inventor:
  • KOSSANYI, Mathias
    75010 Paris (FR)

  


(54)SANDWICH PANEL FOR A CAR ABLE TO CARRY A LOAD


(57) Sandwich panel for use in a vehicle comprising at least a core layer and two fibrous layers in contact with and firmly connected to the core layer, both sides being impregnated with polyurethane whereby the polyurethane is embedding the fibers and binding to the board material, and whereby the sandwich panel further comprises at least a polyether polyurethane foam layer fully impregnated with polyurethane and in contact and firmly connected to the outer surface of at least one fibrous layer by the polyurethane, and a skin layer on the outer surface of the polyether polyurethane foam not in contact with the fibrous layer consisting of compressed polyurethane.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The invention is directed to a sandwich panel for cars able to carry a load, like battery electric vehicles, personal cars or small transport vans, a method of producing such a part and the use of such a panel in a car.

Background Art



[0002] Personal cars and small transport vehicles may have a trunk or comparable area where goods can be loaded and transported. The flooring panel used in such area must be able to carry high loads. Conventionally these panels are produced as sandwiched panels with a stiff core and skin layers to enhance the bending stiffness.

[0003] The three-layer sandwich construction is preferred for use in automotive lightweight engineering where flat and shell-shaped panels are required to withstand high bending loads. In this construction the upper and lower facings are made up of a fibre reinforced composite which is responsible for the flexural strength of the compound and is capable of withstanding the pressure and tensile stresses that arise. The fibres act as a reinforcing component and are connected to each other by means of a fabric construction or a bonded web.

[0004] Polyurethane (PU) is often used for fixing the glass fibre mat which, because of its controllable foaming properties, also benefits lightweight construction. The PU matrix, in addition to fixing the glass mat, may be at the same time responsible for binding the honeycomb core to the facings in a sandwich construction.

[0005] An example of such a sandwich load floor panel according to the state of the art, as for instance disclosed in EP1609576, is having a cardboard honeycomb core and glassfiber mat skins, whereby the core and glass mats are combined by impregnation with a reactive polyurethane mixture. The polyurethane wetted layers are placed in a mould and compression moulded into the required shape. During this moulding step the polyurethane reacts by forming foam thereby increasing the pressure inside the closed mould. The impregnated foam binds the layers together. This gives a sturdy load floor, with a bad appearance. Although the fibers are embedded in the foam they are still visible on the surface.

[0006] A big disadvantage of the current process is that the pressure forces the polyurethane material inside the honeycomb rather than filling surface embellishment or formed cavities within the mould surface to give the desired surface appearance and texture. Also the gas produced during the foaming process will form bubble defects on the surface of the part produced. Obtaining a good definition of surface features like ribs, designs in the form of wood grain or leather embossments or beading on the surface of the part is therefore not possible. Hence, in practise these load floors are covered with an aesthetic layer like a carpet for the used or visible surface, called A-surface, and left with a bad back surface called B-surface.

[0007] In some cars it is foreseen to turn the load floor to the B-surface if a load is carried that might damage or soak the A surface, in particular for wet loads or loads with a likelihood of liquid spilling. Although the glass fibers in the B-surface are initially protected, harsh usage might damage the foam embedding, for instance by scratches, and glass-fiber-ends might stick out of the surface being a hazard, making the B-surface even worse.

[0008] Adding additional layers on the B-surface might give a better appearance but will increase the weight of the final part as well as increase the complexity of the production process.

[0009] It is the object of the invention to optimise the sandwich panel of the state of the art, particularly to obtain a more versatile light weight alternative to the current load floor as well as the way to produce such a panel without the known drawbacks as discussed.

Summary of invention



[0010] This object is achieved by a sandwich panel with the features of claim 1, by a method of producing such a panel with the features of claim 16 and by the use of such a panel according to claim 17.

[0011] According to the invention, a sandwich panel for use in a vehicle comprising at least a core layer and two fibrous layers in contact with and firmly connected to the core layer, both sides being impregnated with polyurethane whereby the polyurethane is embedding the fibers and binding to the board material, and whereby the sandwich panel further comprises at least a polyether polyurethane foam layer fully impregnated with polyurethane and in contact and firmly connected to the outer surface of at least one fibrous layer by the polyurethane, and a skin layer on the outer surface of the polyether polyurethane foam not in contact with the fibrous layer consisting of compressed polyurethane.

[0012] Surprisingly by using a polyether polyurethane resilient foam layer on top of the fibrous layer before wetting with the polyurethane foam mixture results in a good fixation of all layers together reducing the amount of foam in the core of the spacer board and increases the surface definition. In addition the scratch resistance could be increased. The combination of high resilient polyether polyurethane foam with a dense open cell structure seems to work as a polyurethane foam guide or resistance for the foam flow during the compression moulding of the part. However, the structure is initially open enough to obtain a good penetration of the foam through the polyether polyurethane foam layer and fibrous layer and on the contact surface between the core board and the fibrous layers ensuring an even binding of all layers. In addition the foam enables a better filling of the surface structure in the mould, enhanced by the pressure and temperature of the mould a thick scratch resistant and even skin layer is formed on the part surface.

[0013] Preferably resilient polyurethane slab foam based on polyether polyol is used. For instance slab foam produced from a polyether polyol and an isocyanate TD80, both might be optionally modified. Additional additives like catalysts, stabilizers, dyes or flame retardants might be added where deemed necessary. As a catalyst an amine catalyst might be used.

[0014] Alternatively combustion modified conventional polyether polyurethane foam might be used, for instance a flexible polyether polyurethane foam as promoted by Recticel®. These foams are normally used in the upholstery and furniture market and less known in the automotive field of trim parts and cladding structures.

[0015] Preferably the polyether polyurethane foam has a net density of between 20 to 26 kg/m3.

[0016] Preferably the polyether polyurethane foam layer is having a surface weight of between 48 to 240gsm, preferably between 72 and 192gsm.

[0017] Surprisingly already a thin layer of the polyether polyurethane foam, with a thickness of between 2 to 10mm, preferably between 3 to 5mm is enough to obtain the desired effect of having a better polyurethane wetting and impregnation distribution flow over the covering layers of the sandwich stack and inside the 3D surface features.

[0018] Preferably the foam is resilient and has a 40% compression resistance of between 5.0-6.5kPa as measured with ISO3386.

[0019] The impregnation of the polyether polyurethane slab foam and underlying fibrous layer is obtained by wetting the layers with a polyurethane mixture; this is preferably achieved by spraying of the mixture. Either the spray head or the part to be wetted can be moved to obtain an even spreading of the mixture. Preferably higher amounts of mixture can be applied locally to strengthen areas or in areas with an increased thickness and or increased 3D definition or requirement.

[0020] To obtain a strong sandwich both sides of the sandwich stack are wetted.

[0021] As a wetting polyurethane mixture a mixture of polyol and isocyanate can be used that is premixed just before application. Preferably it enfolds its full foam potential when the wetted layers are placed in the heated tool such that the pressure of the closed tool and the temperature together enables an even distribution throughout all layers and into the surface details.

[0022] The polyurethane forming mixture generally used in the process of the present invention will generally include:
  • at least one polyol component with an average OH number of 300 to 700 which includes at least one short chain and one long chain polyol, the individual polyols having a functionality of 2 to 6;
  • at least one isocyanate;
  • optionally a blowing agent;
  • an activator;
  • optionally auxiliary substances, mould release agent and additives.


[0023] Suitable polyols can be polyester or polyether based.

[0024] US808485 discloses preferred mixtures for wetting the polyether and fibrous layers comprising an isocyanate component and a polyol component comprising one or more natural oil based polyols, which might be used with the invention according to this application.

[0025] Preferably the polyurethane foam used for wetting has an area weight of between 200 and 2000gsm. In case one surface is covered with a carpet or other layer different amounts for the wetting of the A- and B-surface might be used, for example 600gsm for the A-surface with the carpet and 1400gsm for the B-surface with the embellishments.

[0026] Preferably the reaction speed is optimal at a temperature of 130°C. The temperature condition of the mould is adapted accordingly.

[0027] Preferably a first and second fibrous mat is used to cover both sides of the core structure and function as reinforcing layers. The first and second fibrous mat is preferably the same however can be made up of different fibers, fiber mixtures or fibrous layers.

[0028] Preferably the first and or second fibrous mat comprises at least one of inorganic fibers, for instance glass, carbon, basalt or aramid fibers, synthetic fibers such as for instance polyester, polyolefin for instance polyethylene or polypropylene, or polyamide fibers, organic regenerated fibers, for instance viscose, rayon, or modal fibers, natural fibers such as for instance hemp, flax, kenaf, bamboo or other cellulose fibers, animal fibers such as for instance wool fibers or any possible mixture with these fibers. The fibers can be from virgin, recycled or reclaimed origin.

[0029] Preferably a glass fiber mat or a mat comprising glass fibers is used as this increases the bending stiffness.

[0030] With fibers both endless filaments and cut filaments forming staple fibers are meant to be within the scope of the current invention.

[0031] The mat preferably has an area weight of between 100 and 900 gsm without the foam impregnation.

[0032] Preferably the core layer is a spacer board with a honeycomb, corrugated or tubular grit structure or a closed cell foam structure.

[0033] The thickness of the core layer is between 2 and 30 mm, preferably between 5 and 20mm, preferably the thickness is variable.

[0034] As a preferred core layer a board type material may be used that provides a bi-directional support, preferably having open cells mainly in the thickness direction of the plate, for instance tubular, corrugated or honeycomb type boards.

[0035] Preferably the core layer is made from plastic, for instance one of polyester, like polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), polyamide, or a polyolefin type, like polypropylene or polyethylene, a polylactic based material, Polyetheretherketone (PEEK), polycarbonate or a natural material like paper or cardboard or from an inorganic material like for instance aramid or from combination of natural fibers and a resin or a metal like for instance aluminium.

[0036] The starting material might be folded in an expandable form to reduce storage before production. Hence the folded form is expanded and set before the production of the automotive part.

[0037] A cardboard honeycomb is preferred as this is foldable, light weight and cost effective. The cardboard must be strong enough to withstand the pressure during production. Preferably a paper weight of between 70 and 140gsm is used.

[0038] Preferably the honeycomb used has cells with a diameter between 4 and 10mm, preferably between 6 and 8mm. The cell diameter may be decided on based on the final load requirements, the scratch resistance and 3D design of the top surface and may vary with paper weight and board thickness used.

[0039] Decreasing the cell diameter of the honeycomb will result in a more stable and stiff part. Surprisingly also the 3D definition of the surface as well as the scratch performance is enhanced, as the polyurethane foam is more compressed and the skin becomes more dense.

[0040] Alternatively a polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene or aramid honeycomb with similar dimensions may be used.

[0041] In a preferred solution, stiff closed cell foam preferably polyester closed cell foam is used as the core layer.

[0042] The impervious polyester foam core layer has a compression modulus, measured according to ISO 844, of at least about 30 MPa, preferable minimum of 55 MPa.

[0043] Polyester foam according to the invention as claimed is based on thermoplastic polyester resin and preferably made of a foam-able grade of semi crystalline polyethylene terephthalate (PET). As they are melt extruded with a suitable chemical or physical blowing agent, these thermoplastic polyester resins yield closed-cell foams. The foam can be produced by recycled polyester or virgin raw material or a combination of both. Within the scope of the present invention polyester, in particularly polyethylene terephthalate, foam as core layer is not including polyester based polyurethane (PUR) foam.

[0044] The closed cell PET foam layer has a density of 60 to 200 Kg/m3, preferably 75 to 120 Kg/m3.

[0045] After moulding additional layers might be laminated on at least one surface, for instance one chosen from a tufted carpet, a nonwoven carpet, knitted layer, foil layer, foamed, spray or RIM skin layer, a foil, a film or a scrim layer. Also cameos can be laminated only locally like patches or logos to further enhance aesthetics or function, like anti sliding pads.

[0046] Carpet or other textile surface coverage might be glued or laminated to recesses in the side of the panel to obtain a flush and nice finish of the part.

[0047] Preferably an additional surface layer is added to at least one of the surfaces, fully or partially covering that surface using in mould coating. Examples of such in mould coating can be local logos or text, or technical coatings for instance to render the part impervious to water or grease, to obtain a thermal conductive, electro conductive or electro-magnetic shielding layer on at least one of the surfaces.

[0048] Preferably a reversible panel is created with at one surface a carpet type layer and on the other surface a surface according to the invention with optionally a surface pattern, ribbing or a raised rim to further enhance the functionality of the that layer. Also drainage holes or guiding ribs might be integrated to drain spilled liquid in case the panel is used as a horizontal load bearing board for instance a floor board, load floor or battery cover.

[0049] Further features might be incorporated in the panel, directly during the compression moulding or after the compression moulding, for instance clips, mounting appliances, handles, nuts, brackets or reinforcement bars etc. These appliances are preferably made of polyamide or polyester, metal. Optionally carbon or glass fiber reinforced materials might be used.

[0050] A process for the production of the sandwich panel according to the invention comprising:
  • wetting a sandwich stack comprising at least one core layer and two fibrous layers in contact with the surfaces of the core layer on both sides with a polyurethane forming mixture which includes a foam stabilizer;
  • placing the wetted sandwich stack in a compression mould
  • Closing the mould and maintaining the mould at a temperature in the range between 40° and 200°C to mould the part and to harden the polyurethane foam forming mixture and thereby forming a moulded part, whereby the polyurethane is embedding the fibers and binding to the core layer; removing the moulded article from the mould, characterised in that the sandwich stack further comprises at least a polyether slab foam layer covering the outer surface of a fibrous layer and whereby on that side the polyurethane mixture is applied on top of the polyether polyurethane foam surface and the polyurethane is penetrating the slab foam layer as well as the fibrous layer and binding to the core layer and whereby during the compression of the stack in the close mould a polyurethane skin is formed on top of the polyether polyurethane foam surface not in contact with the fibrous layer.


[0051] The process might further include the step of in mould coating an additional layer on top of the skin layer.

[0052] The process might further include the step of laminating additional layers on the skin layer after the thermo compression moulding step, advantageously the rest heat available in the part is used to enable an easy laminating step.

[0053] Also normal cutting and finishing steps might be added to the process where necessary.

[0054] Use of the floor panel according to the invention as a load floor panel, a main floor panel for a passenger compartment, as roof module, bonnet, tailgate module, door module, floor panel module, parcel shelf, spare wheel cover, interior trim component, as a battery or battery pack cover, as a computer or battery box or as a partitioning panel.

Brief description of drawings



[0055] 

Figure 1 Schematic figure of a car with an example of a part that can be produced according to the invention.

Figure 2 and 3 Schematic layout of the material layers in the final product

Figure 4 schema of the production of a part according to the invention



[0056] Figure 1 shows partially a personal vehicle back area 20, with a load floor that might be produced according to the invention. The load floor can be designed with at least one surface according to the invention, preferably with both surfaces according to the invention. Preferably the load floor is designed such that it can be reversed between an A side and a B side, being the opposite surfaces on the load floor panel, whereby one side might be equipped with a carpet type surface for instance a tufted carpet or a nonwoven carpet and the other side might have a bare surface according to the invention.

[0057] Figure 2 and 3 are showing example cross sections of sandwich panels (1) according to the invention with a honeycomb core layer (2) with chambers 3 which form open channels between both surfaces of the core layer. The walls of the channels can be formed from different materials such as but not limited to paper, cardboard or plastics material like polyolefin, polypropylene, polyethylene or polyester based materials as well as composite materials made of natural fibers and thermoplastics.

[0058] Although the core layer depicted is a honeycomb other grid forms might be used such as tubular, corrugated or closed cell foam.

[0059] The core material is preferably covered on both sides with a fibrous reinforcement layer (7) to form a sandwich, although the covering layers between the sides might vary, they must be even in their tensile strength performance under thermal conditions to prevent warping of the part.

[0060] At least on one side coverage (4) might consist of at least a fibrous reinforcement layer (7) and a resilient polyether slab foam layer (6) which are penetrated and engulfed by polyurethane foam. The polyurethane foam will form a skin layer (5) on top of the polyether polyurethane foam layer, be pressed inside the polyether polyurethane foam layer and inside the fibrous layer and a small amount will finally bulge inside the top of the open channels of the honeycomb core material (8), by doing so it will also bind the core layer and the other layers together. Due to the forming in a compression mould the coverage structure is compressed to form a dense skin and an overall strong structural layer.

[0061] The thus bound layers form together a strong sandwich that can bear high loads on its surface without bending or sagging substantially.

[0062] The construction of figure 2 can be used in many different applications and due to the use of the polyether polyurethane foam on one or both sides it is possible to use the board without any covering layer. The fibrous structure of the fibrous mats particularly when they are glass fiber mats is no longer visible and possible damaging of the surface will no longer free the fiber content.

[0063] Part of the use of the board as load floor or flooring panel in the passenger compartment, it can now also be used as a floor panel in a frunk - a front storage space in an electric vehicle.

[0064] It is also possible to use the panel as a battery cover or computer panel or box, as the material is very light in weight but has a high stiffness and impact protection. If needed the panel can be locally further enforced with metal beams or plates to further enhance the crash protection. It is also possible to introduce crash break lines within the core to enable crash zones if needed.

[0065] Figure 3 also shows a preferred example of a panel according to the invention build up as a reversed load floor, for instance like depicted in figure 1. The main layout and numbering is the same as in figure 2. However here the reversible load floor has an A- Surface (A) and a B-surface (B) both surfaces good enough to form an A quality surface but with different functions.

[0066] The A-surface in this case is the classical carpet surface with a tufted carpet (17) laminated on the moulded part.

[0067] The B-surface is now formed by the dense polyurethane skin whereby the surface contains embellishments in the form of a raised pattern on the surface of the part with knobs (14) and ribs (15) mainly filled by the polyurethane skin material. In addition the surface contains a raised rim(16) at the edge of the part whereby the raised rim is mainly formed by the polyether polyurethane foam layer(6 not to scale) that rebounds pushing the polyurethane foam (5 and 5') back into the recess in the mould, in addition the foam further fills the space forming a dense foam (5') and even denser skin (5) on the foam resulting in a durable rim.

[0068] Figure 4 is schematically showing the main steps in a preferred production process for the sandwich panel according to the invention with step
  • Wetting of the material layers with the polyurethane mixture on both sides (100) in particular by putting the materials 1 in order underneath or opposite one or more polyurethane spray heads 12 that can move in relation to the surface to be covered. The polyurethane may be mixed and dosed immediately before spraying for instance using a first dosing system for the isocyanate (9) and a second dosing system for the polyol (10) into a mixing unit 11. Additives might be added to the stock or directly to the mixing unit;
  • Transferring the thus wetted material stack inside a heated mould (200) with a first and second mould half 13 a and b, that can be closed together to form the final part;
  • Thermo-compression moulding the part (300) by closing the mould and keeping it closed under pressure. The heat of the mould will (further) activate the polyurethane mixture creating a foam pressure that will help spreading the mixture through the layers as well as forming a skin on the surface of the part;
  • Unmoulding the part (400).


[0069] After the unmoulding additional surface layers like a carpet layer can be put on top of at least one surface to form a surface with a nice soft surface. For instance a tufted or nonwoven carpet layer or a fabric, like a neoprene fabric might be used. Preferably a small recess is made in the panel to obtain a plain level with the top of the carpet surface when positioned.

[0070] As an additional step also other appliances can be attached to the part like for instance handles, hinges etc. depending on the part and function.


Claims

1. Sandwich panel for use in a vehicle comprising at least
a core layer and two fibrous layers, a first and second fibrous mat, in contact with and firmly connected to the core layer, both sides being impregnated with polyurethane whereby the polyurethane is embedding the fibers and binding to the board material, characterised in that the sandwich panel further comprises at least one polyether polyurethane foam layer fully impregnated with polyurethane and in contact and firmly connected to the outer surface of at least one fibrous layer by the polyurethane, and a skin layer on the outer surface of the polyether polyurethane foam not in contact with the fibrous layer consisting of compressed polyurethane.
 
2. Sandwich panel according to claim 1 whereby the polyether polyurethane foam layer is having a surface weight of between 48 to 240gsm, preferably between 72 and 192gsm.
 
3. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the polyurethane foam used for impregnation is based on polyester or polyether polyol.
 
4. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the polyurethane used for impregnation has an area weight of between 200 and 2000gsm per surface impregnated.
 
5. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the first and second fibrous mat can be made up of the same or different fibers, fiber mixtures or fibrous layers.
 
6. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the first and or second fibrous mat comprises at least one of inorganic fibers, for instance glass, carbon, basalt or aramid fibers, synthetic fibers such as for instance polyester, polyolefin for instance polyethylene or polypropylene, or polyamide fibers, organic regenerated fibers, for instance viscose, rayon, or modal fibers, natural fibers such as for instance hemp, flax, kenaf, bamboo or other cellulose fibers, animal fibers such as for instance wool fibers or any possible mixture with these fibers.
 
7. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the first and or second fibrous mat has an area weight of between 100 and 900gsm.
 
8. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the core layer is a spacer board with a honeycomb, corrugated or tubular grit structure or a closed cell foam structure.
 
9. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the core material is made from plastic, for instance one of polyester, like polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), polyamide, or a polyolefin type, like polypropylene or polyethylene, a polylactic based material, Polyetheretherketone (PEEK), polycarbonate or a natural material like paper or cardboard or from an inorganic material like for instance aramid, from a combination of natural fibers and a resin, or a metal like for instance aluminium.
 
10. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the core layer is a honeycomb board with a cell diameter of between 4 and 10mm, preferably between 6 and 8mm.
 
11. Sandwich panel according to one of claim 1 to 8, whereby the core material is polyester closed cell foam board with a density of between 60 and 200kg/m3.
 
12. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims whereby the thickness of the core layer is between 2 and 30 mm, preferably between 5 and 20mm, preferably the thickness is variable.
 
13. Sandwiched panel according to one of the preceding claims further comprising at least on one surface of the panel raised protrusions in the skin layer formed, like a raised pattern in the form of knobs, waves or embellishments, surface patterning like wood or leather graining, stiffening ribs or beams.
 
14. Sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims further comprising additional layers laminated to at least one surface fully or locally, preferably one chosen from a tufted carpet, a nonwoven carpet, knitted layer, foil layer, foamed, spray or RIM skin layer, a foil, a film, a scrim layer or a logo or anti-sliding pad.
 
15. Sandwich panel according to one preceding claim further comprising an in-mould coating of at least one surface skin layer fully or partially covering the surface, preferably one of an aesthetic coating, a coating impervious to water and/or grease, a thermal conductive coating, electro conductive coating or electro-magnetic shielding coating.
 
16. A process for the production of the sandwich panel according to one of the preceding claims comprising:

- wetting a sandwich stack comprising at least one core layer and two fibrous layers in contact with the surfaces of the core layer on both sides with a polyurethane forming mixture which includes a foam stabilizer;

- placing the wetted sandwich stack in a compression mould

- Closing the mould and maintaining the mould at a temperature in the range between 40° and 200°C to mould the part and to harden the polyurethane foam forming mixture and thereby forming a moulded part, whereby the polyurethane is embedding the fibers and binding to the core layer; removing the moulded article from the mould, characterised in that the sandwich stack further comprises at least a polyether polyurethane slab foam layer covering the outer surface of a fibrous layer and whereby on that side the polyurethane mixture is applied on top of the polyether polyurethane foam surface and the polyurethane is penetrating the slab foam layer as well as the fibrous layer and binding to the core layer and whereby during the compression of the stack in the close mould a polyurethane skin is formed on top of the polyether polyurethane foam surface not in contact with the fibrous layer.


 
17. Use of the floor panel according to one of the claim or produced according to one of the claims as a load floor panel, a main floor panel for a passenger compartment, as roof module, bonnet, tailgate module, door module, floor panel module, parcel shelf, spare wheel cover, interior trim component, as a battery or battery pack cover, as a computer or battery box or as a partitioning panel.
 




Drawing










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Search report




Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description