(19)
(11)EP 3 683 079 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 18857061.8

(22)Date of filing:  13.09.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60K 1/04(2019.01)
B62D 21/15(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/105535
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/052511 (21.03.2019 Gazette  2019/12)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 15.09.2017 CN 201721188575 U

(71)Applicant: Aiways Automobile (Shanghai) Co., Ltd
Jiading District Shanghai 201821 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • GU, Feng
    Shanghai 200090 (CN)

(74)Representative: RGTH 
Patentanwälte PartGmbB Neuer Wall 10
20354 Hamburg
20354 Hamburg (DE)

  


(54)BODY FRAME AND AUTOMOBILE HAVING BODY FRAME


(57) Disclosed are a automobile body frame (1, 3) and an automobile having the automobile body frame (1, 3), the automobile body frame (1) comprising: a first type of battery pack, and a detachable battery pack mounting beam (11), with one side face thereof being arranged on a floor (10) of the body frame (1), and the other side face thereof being fitted with the first type of battery pack; or the body frame (3) comprising: a second type of battery pack mounted on a side door sill beam (32) of the body frame (3) via a fixing member (31).




Description

CROSS-REFERENCE FOR RELATED APPLICATIONS



[0001] The present application claims the priority of the Chinese patent application filed before the Chinese Patent Office on September 15, 2017, with the application number of 201721188575.6, titled "Automobile Body Frame and Automobile Having Automobile Body Frame", the entire contents of which are incorporated by reference in the present application.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] The present disclosure belongs to the technical field of installation of automobile battery pack, and relates to an automobile body frame and an automobile, in particular to an automobile body frame and an automobile having the automobile body frame.

BACKGROUND



[0003] As a representative of new energy vehicles, battery electric vehicles have received more and more attention because of their cleanliness and economy. However, the development of the battery electric vehicles is limited by battery capacity and charging time. The development of electric vehicles dawned with the emergence of electric vehicle power replacement stations combined with the concept of automatic quick-change equipment in recent years. The concept of electric vehicle power replacement is that when the battery of the electric vehicle is about to run out, the electric vehicle is driven into a power replacement station and the battery box is removed and replaced with a fully charged battery box. The entire power replacement process will be completed by the automatic power replacement equipment of the power replacement station and it only takes 3 minutes. That is, the battery replacement can be completed within a time when the ordinary diesel locomotive enters the gas station once, which greatly reduces the trouble with charging and battery maintenance for users of electric vehicles and increases the cruising range of electric vehicles in the meantime.

[0004] However, there are problems that battery packs of different sizes cannot be installed for the automobile body frames in the prior art and in the event of a collision, the shape of the automobile cannot be better protected.

[0005] Therefore, how to provide an automobile body frame and an automobile having the automobile body frame, to solve the problems that battery packs of different sizes cannot be installed for the automobile body frames in the prior art and in the event of a collision, the shape of the automobile cannot be better protected, has become a technical problem to be solved by those skilled in the art.

SUMMARY



[0006] In view of the above-mentioned shortcomings of the prior art, an object of the present disclosure is to provide an automobile body frame and an automobile having the automobile body frame, to solve the problems that battery packs of different sizes cannot be installed for the automobile body frames in the prior art and in the event of a collision, the shape of the automobile cannot be better protected.

[0007] In order to achieve the above object and other related objects, one aspect of the present disclosure provides an automobile body frame, which includes: a first type of battery pack; and a detachable battery pack mounting beam, with one side face thereof being arranged on a floor of the automobile body frame, and the other side face thereof being fitted with the first type of battery pack; or the automobile body frame comprises: a second type of battery pack mounted on a side door sill beam of the automobile body frame via a fixing member

[0008] In an embodiment of the present disclosure, one end of the detachable battery pack mounting beam is inserted into a connecting member; the connecting member is arranged between the side door sill beam and a front longitudinal beam of the automobile body frame.

[0009] In an embodiment of the present disclosure, the side door sill beam, the connecting member and the front longitudinal beam form a transmission path of a frontal collision of the automobile body.

[0010] In an embodiment of the present disclosure, a transverse support is connected between the detachable battery pack mounting beam and the side door sill beam.

[0011] In an embodiment of the present disclosure, the side door sill beam, the transverse support and the detachable battery pack mounting beam form a transmission path of a side collision of the automobile body.

[0012] In an embodiment of the present disclosure, the shape of the fixing member matches the shape of an inner groove of the side door sill beam.

[0013] In an embodiment of the present disclosure, when the automobile body frame comprises the second type of battery pack, the automobile body frame further comprises an energy absorbing member; the energy absorbing member is inserted into an inner cavity of the side door sill beam, to form a transmission path of a side collision of the automobile body.

[0014] Another aspect of the invention provides an automobile, which includes an automobile body frame described.

[0015] As described above, the automobile body frame and the automobile having the automobile body frame of the present disclosure have the following beneficial effects:
The automobile body frame and the automobile having the automobile body frame described in the present disclosure realize the installation of two types of battery packs on the automobile body frame made of aluminum. The additional installation points of battery packs can effectively participate in the collision path and improve the collision security of the automobile body.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0016] 

Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of an embodiment of an automobile body frame of the present disclosure.

Figure 2 shows a schematic diagram of a transmission path of a collision of an automobile of the present disclosure.

Figure 3 shows a schematic diagram of another embodiment of an automobile body frame of the present disclosure.


DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS



[0017] 
1
Automobile body frame
10
Floor
11
Detachable battery pack mounting beam
12
Front longitudinal beam
13
Side door sill beam
14
Connecting member
15
Transverse support
2
Transmission path of side collision of automobile body
2'
Transmission path of side collision of automobile body
3
Automobile body frame
31
Fixing member
32
Side door sill beam
33
Energy absorbing member
321
Inner groove
322
Inner cavity

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0018] In the following, the implementation of the present disclosure will be described by specific concrete embodiments, and those skilled in the art can easily understand other advantages and effects of the present disclosure from the contents disclosed in the present description.

[0019] Please refer to Figure 1 to Figure 3. It should be noted that the structure, proportion, size, etc. shown in the drawings of the present description are only used to match the contents disclosed in the description, for those skilled in the art to understand and read, not used to limit defining conditions on which the present disclosure can be implemented, and thus do not have a technically significant meaning. Any modification of the structure, change in the proportional relationship or adjustment of the size, without affecting the effectiveness, which can be generated by the present disclosure, and the purpose, which can be achieved by the present disclosure, all should still fall into the scopes, which can be covered by the technical contents disclosed by the present disclosure. In the meantime, the terms such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "middle", "a" and "one" cited in the present description are also only used to facilitate the understanding of the description and not used to define the scopes, which can be implemented by the present disclosure, and the change or adjustment of the relative relationship of which, without substantial changes in the technical contents, should also be regarded as the scopes, which can be implemented by the present disclosure.

EMBODIMENT 1



[0020] The present embodiment provides an automobile body frame, which includes:

a first type of battery pack; and

a detachable battery pack mounting beam, with one side face thereof being arranged on a floor of the automobile body frame, and the other side face thereof being fitted with the first type of battery pack;

or the automobile body frame comprises:
a second type of battery pack mounted on a side door sill beam of the automobile body frame via at least one fixing member.



[0021] The automobile body frame provided by the present embodiment will be described below in conjunction with the drawings. Please refer to Figure 1, which shows a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the automobile body frame. As shown in Figure 1, the automobile body frame 1 includes: a first type of battery pack, a floor 10, a detachable battery pack mounting beam 11, a front longitudinal beam 12, a side door sill beam 13, a connecting member 14 and a transverse support 15.

[0022] In the present embodiment, the first type of battery pack is a narrow battery pack, wherein the narrow battery pack has a width of 1040 mm.

[0023] One side face of the detachable battery pack mounting beam 11, which is used for mounting the narrow battery pack, is arranged on the floor 10 of the automobile body frame 1, and the other side face is mounted with the first type of battery pack (as shown in Figure 1, the upper side face of the battery pack mounting beam 11 is connected at the underside of the floor 10 in the automobile body frame 1 via screws or bolts).

[0024] In the present embodiment, one end of the detachable battery pack mounting beam 11 is inserted into a connecting member 14. In the present embodiment, the connecting member 14 is arranged between the front longitudinal beam 12 and the side door sill beam 13 of the automobile body frame, and used for integrally connecting the front longitudinal beam 12 and the side door sill beam 13 together. In the present embodiment, the connecting piece 14 is made of aluminum casting and riveted to the root of the front longitudinal beam 12.

[0025] Please refer to Figure 2, which shows a schematic diagram of a transmission path of a collision of an automobile. As shown in Figure 2, when the automobile is in collision, the front longitudinal beam 12, the side door sill 13 and the connecting member 14 form the transmission path 2 of a frontal collision of the automobile body, which effectively absorbs the energy from the frontal collision and protects the deformation of the front wall area of the automobile.

[0026] In the present embodiment, in order to protect the side of the automobile, the transverse support 15 is connected tween the front longitudinal beam 12 and the side door sill beam 13. The detachable battery pack mounting beam 11 and the side door sill beam 13 are integrally connected together via the transverse support 15, to form the transmission path 2' of a side collision of the automobile body, which effectively absorbs the energy from the side collision and protects the deformation of the B-strut area of the automobile.

[0027] Please refer to Figure 3, which shows a schematic diagram of another embodiment of the automobile body frame. As shown in Figure 3, the automobile body frame 3 includes a second type of battery pack (not shown), a fixing member 31, a side door sill beam 32 and an energy absorbing member 33.

[0028] In the present embodiment, the second type of battery pack is a wide battery pack, wherein the wide battery pack has a width of 1320 mm. In order to have a larger area on the floor of the automobile body frame to arrange the battery pack, the above described detachable battery pack mounting beam 11 is cancelled. As shown in Figure 3, the second type of battery pack is mounted on the side door sill beam 32 of the automobile body frame via a fixing member 31. In the present embodiment, the shape of the fixing member 31 matches the shape of an inner groove 321 of the side door sill beam 32.

[0029] In the present embodiment, in order to meet the requirements of the side collision, the energy absorbing member 33 is inserted into an inner cavity 322 of the side door sill beam 32, to form a transmission path of the side collision of the automobile body.

[0030] The present embodiment further provides an automobile, which has an automobile body frame 1 described above.

[0031] In summary, the automobile body frame and the automobile having the automobile body frame described in the present disclosure realize the installation of two types of battery packs on the automobile body frame made of aluminum. The additional installation points of battery packs can effectively participate in the collision path and improve the collision security of the automobile body. Therefore, the present disclosure effectively overcomes various shortcomings in the prior art and has high industrial utilization value.

[0032] The above described embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles and effects of the present disclosure, and are not intended to limit the present disclosure. Those skilled in the art can modify or change the above embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the present disclosure. Therefore, all equivalent modifications or changes made by those ordinarily skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and technical ideas disclosed by the present disclosure should still be covered by the claims of the present disclosure.


Claims

1. An automobile body frame, comprising:

a first type of battery pack; and

a detachable battery pack mounting beam, with one side face thereof being arranged on a floor of the automobile body frame, and the other side face thereof being fitted with the first type of battery pack;

or the automobile body frame comprises:
a second type of battery pack mounted on a side door sill beam of the automobile body frame via a fixing member.


 
2. The automobile body frame according to claim 1, wherein one end of the detachable battery pack mounting beam is inserted into a connecting member; the connecting member is arranged between the side door sill beam and a front longitudinal beam of the automobile body frame.
 
3. The automobile body frame according to claim 2, wherein the side door sill beam, the connecting member and the front longitudinal beam form a transmission path of a frontal collision of an automobile body.
 
4. The automobile body frame according to claim 2, wherein a transverse support is connected between the detachable battery pack mounting beam and the side door sill beam.
 
5. The automobile body frame according to claim 4, wherein the side door sill beam, the transverse support and the detachable battery pack mounting beam form a transmission path of a side collision of an automobile body.
 
6. The automobile body frame according to claim 1, wherein a shape of the fixing member matches a shape of an inner groove of the side door sill beam.
 
7. The automobile body frame according to claim 1, wherein when the automobile body frame comprises the second type of battery pack, the automobile body frame further comprises an energy absorbing member; the energy absorbing member is inserted into an inner cavity of the side door sill beam, to form a transmission path of a side collision of the automobile body.
 
8. An automobile, characterized in by comprising an automobile body frame according to any of claims 1-7.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description