(19)
(11)EP 3 684 069 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 18866840.4

(22)Date of filing:  09.10.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04Q 1/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/109407
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/072154 (18.04.2019 Gazette  2019/16)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 10.10.2017 CN 201710936999

(71)Applicant: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • GAO, Feng
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • WANG, Xiaoliang
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • CHEN, Wei
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • PENG, Xiaojun
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gill Jennings & Every LLP 
MTH The Broadgate Tower 20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES
London EC2A 2ES (GB)

  


(54)CUSTOMER PREMISE EQUIPMENT (CPE), CPE MOUNTING BRACKET, AND CPE SYSTEM


(57) This application provides customer premises equipment CPE, a CPE mounting bracket, and a CPE system, where the CPE includes: a housing, an omnidirectional antenna, a communications module, a PCB, and a heat sink; the omnidirectional antenna is connected to an input end of the communications module, an output end of the communications module is connected to the PCB, an output of the PCB is connected to an Ethernet cable, and the PCB is disposed on the heat sink, where heat is dissipated through the heat sink; the communications module is configured to convert a received radio-frequency signal to a digital signal; the housing is a cylindrical structure with an opening formed at a lower end, and the omnidirectional antenna, the communications module, and the PCB are disposed inside the housing; the heat sink is disposed at the lower end of the housing, and a through hole for the Ethernet cable to pass through is disposed on the heat sink; a gap between the Ethernet cable and the heat sink is sealed; and the CPE may be detachably connected to the CPE mounting bracket, and in addition, the omnidirectional antenna is disposed to achieve 360-degree coverage for the CPE. In an installation process, there is no need to adjust an antenna direction by an expert, so that the installation process is simple, and installation costs are relatively low.




Description


[0001] This application claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 201710936999.4, filed with the Chinese Patent Office on October 10, 2017 and entitled "CUSTOMER PREMISES EQUIPMENT CPE, CPE MOUNTING BRACKET, AND CPE SYSTEM", which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] This application relates to communications technologies, and in particular, to customer premises equipment (Customer Premise Equipment, CPE for short), a CPE mounting bracket, and a CPE system.

BACKGROUND



[0003] Customer premises equipment (Customer Premise Equipment, CPE) is a wireless broadband access device, is a device that converts a high-speed long term evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE) signal to a general WiFi signal used by a mobile terminal such as a tablet computer, a smart phone, or a notebook computer, and may simultaneously support a plurality of terminals in accessing a network, and is a data backhaul device that transmits a user video or data back to a public network or a private network through a wireless LTE signal, and then transmits the user video or data to a customer data processing center.

[0004] At present, when an outdoor CPE is installed, an antenna direction is adjusted to achieve an optimal signal receiving effect, and a proper ground point is found to implement ground protection for the CPE. Finally, a pole is customized, and the CPE is installed at a proper outdoor location by using a screw or a hose clamp, and the customized pole.

[0005] However, the foregoing installation of the outdoor CPE needs an expert to adjust the antenna direction, find the proper ground point and the dedicated pole, and this causes a complex installation process and relatively high costs.

SUMMARY



[0006] This application provides CPE, a CPE mounting bracket, and a CPE system, to resolve the foregoing problem that installation of outdoor CPE needs an expert to adjust an antenna direction, and find a proper ground point and a dedicated pole, and this causes a complex installation process and relatively high costs.

[0007] According to a first aspect, this application provides CPE, including:

a housing, an omnidirectional antenna, a communications module, a PCB and a heat sink, where

the omnidirectional antenna is connected to an input end of the communications module, an output end of the communications module is connected to the PCB, an output of the PCB is connected to an Ethernet cable, and the PCB is disposed on the heat sink, where heat is dissipated through the heat sink; the communications module is configured to convert a received radio-frequency signal to a digital signal;

the housing is a cylindrical structure with an opening formed at a lower end, and the omnidirectional antenna, the communications module, and the PCB are disposed inside the housing; and

the heat sink is disposed at the lower end of the housing, and a through hole for the Ethernet cable to pass through is disposed on the heat sink.



[0008] Optionally, the heat sink and the Ethernet cable are fastened through sealing.

[0009] In this solution, the omnidirectional antenna is disposed in the CPE to achieve 360-degree coverage for the CPE. In an installation process, there is no need to adjust an antenna direction by an expert, so that the installation process is simple, and installation costs are relatively low.

[0010] In addition, the heat sink can dissipate the heat from the PCB board, to prevent a fault such as circuit burnout caused by a high temperature due to operating or a high temperature environment, and improve performance of the CPE.

[0011] Optionally, a PG waterproof connector is used for waterproof sealing of the Ethernet cable.

[0012] In a specific implementation, the housing is an insulating material. An insulation housing can prevent the CPE from being struck by lightning to some extent.

[0013] The housing of the CPE is the insulating material such as a plastic, and can effectively avoid a problem such as a short circuit caused by lightning in an outdoor environment, to implement a function of floating ground surge protection.

[0014] In another specific implementation of the CPE, a connection structure is disposed at the lower end of the housing or on the heat sink, and the connection structure is configured to be detachably connected to a CPE mounting bracket.

[0015] In this solution, to further implement simplification of an installation operation, the connection structure that is matched with and is detachably connected to the mounting bracket may be disposed on the CPE. For example, the CPE may be fastened to the CPE mounting bracket, or connected to the CPE mounting bracket in a thread-connected manner, or connected to the CPE mounting bracket through a structure such as a screw. In addition, the connection structure may be disposed at the lower end of the housing. When the heat sink is disposed at a bottom of the housing to serve as a bottom casing, and the connection structure may also be disposed on the heat sink. This is not limited in this solution.

[0016] In a specific implementation, the heat sink may be a metal heat sink, and may also serve as a bottom casing of the CPE.

[0017] Optionally, the connection structure is a fastening slot, and the fastening slot is configured to be fastened to the CPE mounting bracket.

[0018] Based on any one of the foregoing solutions, a sealing kit is disposed between the heat sink and the housing.

[0019] Because the CPE is disposed outdoors, and an environment is variable, to ensure reliability and security of an operation of the CPE, the CPE needs to be dustproof and waterproof. Therefore, the bottom of the housing may be sealed, the sealing kit may be disposed between the heat sink and the housing, for example, disposing a sealing ring, a groove is disposed inside the housing. In an installation process, a periphery of the heat sink is covered with the sealing ring, and then the heat sink is disposed inside the groove, and the like. This is not limited in this solution.

[0020] Optionally, an outer edge of the heat sink is provided with a sealing groove, and the sealing ring and the cylindrical housing are disposed to cooperate to perform water resistance and sealing.

[0021] Optionally, an outer face shield of the metal heat sink is covered or isolated by a plastic attachment plate, to ensure that the CPE has no metal leakage. The CPE is insulated from a metal mounting part, or a plastic mounting part is used for insulated isolation.

[0022] Based on any one of the foregoing solutions, the omnidirectional antenna includes a plurality of directional antennas, and the plurality of directional antennas are arranged in sequence as a columnar polyhedron. The directional antennas facing a plurality of directions can cover all angles, that is, achieve omnidirectional coverage.

[0023] Compared with the prior art in which because only a particular range can be covered by using a directional antenna, to achieve signal receiving, an expert needs to make an adjustment. In this solution, the plurality of directional antennas are arranged to form the omnidirectional antenna that can cover a larger range of angle, so that in the installation process of the CPE, a process of adjusting an antenna angle and optimizing a signal is not required, thereby reducing labor costs and improving installation efficiency.

[0024] Optionally, in a specific implementation, the omnidirectional antenna includes four directional antennas arranged in sequence, and the arranged four directional antennas form a columnar tetrahedron, to achieve 360-degree omnidirectional coverage.

[0025] In this solution, a directional antenna is formed by using an omnidirectional antenna and a reflection panel, and a square or polygonal omnidirectional antenna is formed by using four or more groups of directional antennas, so that in the installation process, there is no need to adjust an antenna angle and optimize a signal.

[0026] Optionally, the housing is a cylinder with an opening formed at a lower end.

[0027] A cylindrical housing is used for the CPE provided in this solution, and this is more beneficial for a layout of the omnidirectional antenna.

[0028] Optionally, the CPE further includes: an indoor mounting bracket, where a mounting structure is disposed at an upper end of the indoor mounting bracket and is configured to be detachably connected to the connection structure.

[0029] In this solution, the indoor mounting bracket may be directly placed indoors, and the CPE can be detachably installed on the indoor mounting bracket, to implement indoor installation and application of the CPE.

[0030] According to a second aspect, this application provides a CPE mounting bracket, including:

a mounting base, a support tube, and an attachment plate, where

a connection structure is disposed at an upper end of the attachment plate, and the connection structure is configured to be detachably connected to a CPE;

an upper end of the support tube is connected to a lower end of the attachment plate, and a cavity of the support tube is connected to an internal cavity of the attachment plate, so that an Ethernet cable of the CPE may pass through the cavity of the support tube; and

a lower end of the support tube is connected to the mounting base, and an angle between the support tube and the mounting base is adjustable; and an opening is formed at the lower end of the support tube, so that the Ethernet cable of the CPE passes through the opening.



[0031] The CPE mounting bracket provided in this solution is configured to install the CPE provided in any solution of the foregoing first aspect, the mounting bracket and the CPE cooperate to achieve detachable installation, and the Ethernet cable of the CPE may pass through the attachment plate of the mounting bracket and the cavity of the support tube and is not directly exposed outside, so that in addition to protecting the Ethernet cable from damage from an environment, floating ground surge protection may be further achieved.

[0032] Optionally, the connection structure includes a fastening hook, and the fastening hook is configured to be fastened to a fastening slot disposed at a lower end of a housing of the CPE or on a heat sink.

[0033] Optionally, the connection structure further includes a loose-proof structure, and the loose-proof structure is configured to prevent a connection between the fastening hook and the fastening slot from being loose.

[0034] Optionally, the support tube is a hollow elbow tube.

[0035] Optionally, a leveling bubble is disposed inside the attachment plate, and the leveling bubble is configured to adjust the attachment plate to a vertical position.

[0036] Optionally, an insulating material is used in a connected position of the attachment plate and the CPE.

[0037] To implement a requirement for stability and strength, commonly-used materials of the mounting base and the support tube are metal. To prevent impact on the CPE, an insulated connection needs to be used between the CPE mounting bracket and the CPE, that is, the attachment plate may be made from the insulating material, or a part of the attachment plate in contact with the CPE is made from the insulating material.

[0038] According to a third aspect, this application provides a CPE system, including: the CPE provided in any solution of the first aspect and the CPE mounting bracket provided in any solution of the second aspect.

[0039] According to the CPE, the CPE mounting bracket, and the CPE system provided in this application, the CPE and the CPE mounting bracket achieve a detachable connection, an angle of the mounting bracket is adjustable, and the omnidirectional antenna is used for the CPE to achieve 360-degree omnidirectional coverage. In an installation process, there is no need to adjust an antenna direction by an expert, and the detachable installation is convenient and efficient, so that the installation process is simple, and installation efficiency is effectively improved.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0040] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a CPE system according to this application;

FIG. 2a is a schematic structural diagram of an omnidirectional antenna of a CPE according to this application;

FIG. 2b is a schematic structural diagram of another structure inside a housing of a CPE according to this application;

FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an indoor mounting base of a CPE according to this application;

FIG. 4(a) to FIG. 4(c) are schematic diagrams of installable positions of a CPE mounting bracket according to this application;

FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a connection of a CPE and a CPE mounting bracket according to this application;

FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of an inner structure of an attachment plate of a CPE mounting bracket according to this application; and

FIG. 7(a) and FIG. 7(b) are schematic diagrams of installation of a CPE and a CPE mounting bracket according to this application.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0041] As a wireless broadband access device, outdoor CPE needs professional installation, and relates to a plurality of installation procedures of establishment of a pole, installation, antenna optimization, and grounding surge protection. A long installation time, a high professional requirement, and high total installation costs are difficult problems for promoting the outdoor CPE. A future development trend of the outdoor CPE is an antenna free from optimization, surge protection free from grounding, not establishing a pole, and easy installation. At present, a scheme of a directional antenna, the grounding surge protection, and the pole installation is used for mainstream outdoor CPE. However, there are the following problems in the current scheme:

signal optimization: using a directional antenna needs to adjust an antenna direction, and a signal optimization time is more than 1h;

grounding surge protection: finding a ground point is difficult, and a grounding operation is complex; and

pole installation: in many scenarios, a pole needs to be customized, a customization period is long, and costs are high; and screw or hose clamp installation is complex installation and requires a long time.



[0042] Based on the problem in the existing solution, this application provides novel CPE and a novel CPE mounting bracket, so that convenient and efficient installation of the CPE can be achieved, and there is no need to adjust an antenna angle and optimize a signal by an expert. The CPE, the CPE mounting bracket, and a system are described below by using a specific implementation.

[0043] In this application, it should be understood that, the CPE is a wireless terminal access device, and is a device that converts a received analog signal of a base station or another network device to a WiFi signal, and may be connected to a plurality of specific subordinate service devices. A specific name is not limited to the CPE, and there may be another name. This is not limited in this solution.

[0044] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a CPE system according to this application. As shown in FIG. 1, the CPE system at least includes CPE and a CPE mounting bracket, where the CPE mounting bracket is configured to install the CPE at a proper location to receive an LTE signal, and after receiving the LTE signal, the CPE converts the LTE signal into a WiFi signal and outputs the WiFi signal to an indoor device, such as a router, so that another user device of a user may be connected to a network on the router to transmit data.

[0045] As shown in FIG. 1, the CPE provided in this application includes:

a housing 11, an omnidirectional antenna 12, a communications module 13, a PCB 14, and a heat sink 15, where

the omnidirectional antenna 12 is connected to an input end of the communications module 13, an output end of the communications module 13 is connected to the PCB 14, an output of the PCB 14 is connected to an Ethernet cable, and the PCB 14 is disposed on the heat sink 15, where the PCB dissipates heat through the heat sink; and the communications module 12 is configured to convert a received radio-frequency signal to a digital signal. The PCB 14 is configured to transfer the signal output from the communications module to the Ethernet cable, and in addition, functions such as power supply and circuit protection are implemented through the PCB. For example, the PCB is provided with a power supply module, a protective circuit, and the like, to assist the communications module and the omnidirectional antenna in implementing a function converting an analog signal into a WiFi signal.



[0046] The housing 11 is a cylindrical structure with an opening formed at a lower end. The cylindrical structure may be a cylinder, or a polyhedral column cylinder. This is not limited herein. The omnidirectional antenna 12, the communications module 13, and the PCB 14 are disposed inside the housing 11. Considering air-tightness, security, and the like, the housing 11 may be a fully sealed cylindrical structure with an opening formed at a lower end. Optionally, the housing 11 may be a structure integrally formed.

[0047] The communications module in this solution can convert an existing network standard signal received by the omnidirectional antenna or a signal of a new communications system, convert an analog signal into a digital signal, is applicable to a conventional 2G, 3G, and LTE network system, may also be used for a new radio (new radio, NR) network system (or referred to a 5G system), or other network systems in the future, and can convert an analog signal received through the antenna into a digital signal, and a specific network system is not limited in this solution.

[0048] The heat sink 15 is disposed at the lower end of the housing, and a through hole for the Ethernet cable to pass through is disposed on the heat sink 15. In a specific implementation, to ensure security of using the CPE outdoors, the heat sink 15 and the Ethernet cable are fastened through sealing.

[0049] In the CPE provided in this embodiment, the omnidirectional antenna may be used to receive signals from all directions of 360 degrees, and in an installation process, there is no need to adjust an antenna direction by an expert, and using detachable installation is convenient and efficient, so that the installation process is simple, and installation efficiency is effectively improved.

[0050] Based on the foregoing embodiment, optionally, a PG waterproof connector for waterproof sealing is used for the Ethernet cable.

[0051] In this solution, it should be understood that the heat sink 15 may directly serve as a bottom casing of the CPE and is installed at the lower end of the housing 11, the through hole for the Ethernet cable to pass through is disposed on the heat sink 15, and a gap between the through hole of the heat sink 15 and the Ethernet cable is sealed. Optionally, the bottom casing of the CPE can be disposed additionally. This is not limited in this solution.

[0052] In addition, the heat sink 15 can dissipate heat from the PCB board, to prevent a fault such as circuit burnout caused by a high temperature due to operating or a high temperature environment, and improve performance of the CPE.

[0053] In a specific implementation, the housing 11 is an insulating material, and can prevent the CPE from being struck by lightning. The housing 11 of the CPE is an insulating material such as a plastic, and can effectively avoid a problem such as a short circuit caused by lightning in an outdoor environment, to implement a function of floating ground surge protection. There is no need to specifically find a proper grounding point, and there is no need to perform grounding processing particularly.

[0054] Optionally, the housing 11 of the CPE may be made from an outdoor plastic with wall thickness of 3 mm and voltage resistance more than 10 kv, a single board is flat installed at a bottom of a module, a metal heat sink is disposed at the bottom and is attached on the PCB single board to dissipate the heat, an external surface of the metal heat sink is covered by a plastic attachment plate and achieves insulation with a mounting part, so that the floating ground surge protection free from grounding is implemented for the CPE.

[0055] Optionally, in a specific implementation, the housing 11 may be a cylinder with an opening formed at a lower end, a cylindrical housing is used for the CPE, and this is more beneficial for a layout of the omnidirectional antenna.

[0056] According to the CPE provided in this solution, the omnidirectional antenna is disposed in the CPE to achieve 360-degree coverage for the CPE. In an installation process, there is no need to adjust an antenna direction by an expert, so that the installation process is simple, and installation costs are relatively low.

[0057] Based on the foregoing solution, in a specific implementation of the CPE, a connection structure is disposed at the lower end of the housing 11 or on the heat sink 15, and the connection structure is configured to be detachably connected to a CPE mounting bracket.

[0058] In this solution, in a specific implementation, the heat sink 15 may be a metal heat sink, and may also serve as a bottom casing of the CPE. To further implement simplification of an installation operation, the connection structure that is matched with and is detachably connected to the mounting bracket may be disposed on the CPE. For example, the CPE may be fastened to the CPE mounting bracket, or connected to the CPE mounting bracket in a thread-connected manner, or connected to the CPE mounting bracket through a structure such as a screw. In addition, the connection structure may be disposed at the lower end of the housing 11. When the heat sink 15 is disposed at a bottom of the housing 11 to serve as the bottom casing, and the connection structure may also be disposed on the heat sink 15. This is not limited in this solution.

[0059] A threaded connection is used as an example, an outer side of the bottom of the housing 11 may be provided with an outer screw thread, and an inner side of the attachment plate of a CPE mounting structure is provided with an inner screw thread matched with the outer screw thread. Alternatively, an inner side of the bottom of the housing 11 is provided with an inner screw thread, and an outer side of the attachment plate of a CPE mounting structure is provided with an outer screw thread matched with the inner screw thread of the housing 11. If the heat sink 15 is used as the bottom casing of the CPE, the heat sink may also be provided with a screw thread. This is not limited in this solution.

[0060] In a specific implementation, the connection structure is a fastening slot, and the fastening slot is configured to be fastened to the CPE mounting bracket.

[0061] Based on any one of the foregoing solutions, a sealing kit is disposed between the heat sink 15 and the housing 11.

[0062] Because the CPE is disposed outdoors, and an environment is variable, to ensure reliability and security of an operation of the CPE, the CPE needs to be dustproof and waterproof. Therefore, the bottom of the housing 11 may be sealed, the sealing kit may be disposed between the heat sink 15 and the housing 11, for example, disposing a sealing ring, a sealing cushion, and the like, a sealing groove is disposed in an outer periphery of the heat sink, and waterproof sealing is achieved by placing the sealing ring and the cylindrical housing to cooperate. The sealing ring is used as an example, a groove may be disposed inside the housing. In an installation process, a periphery of the heat sink is covered with the sealing ring, and then the heat sink is disposed inside the groove, and the like. This is not limited in this solution.

[0063] Optionally, an outer face shield of the metal heat sink is covered or isolated by a plastic attachment plate, to ensure that the CPE has no metal leakage. The CPE is insulated from a metal mounting part, or a plastic mounting part is used for insulated isolation.

[0064] FIG. 2a is a schematic structural diagram of an omnidirectional antenna in CPE according to this application; and FIG. 2b is schematic structural diagram of another structure inside a housing of CPE according to this application. As shown in FIG. 2a and FIG. 2b, based on any one of the foregoing solutions, the omnidirectional antenna includes a plurality of directional antennas, and the plurality of directional antenna are arranged in sequence to form a cylindrical polyhedron, so that directional antennas facing a plurality of directions can achieve omnidirectional coverage, and cover each angle to better receive a signal. In FIG. 2a and FIG. 2b, four directional antennas arranged in sequence are used as an example to form an omnidirectional antenna that is a square cylinder and can cover 360 degrees.

[0065] Compared with the prior art in which because only a particular range can be covered by using a directional antenna, to achieve signal receiving, an expert needs to make an adjustment. In this solution, the plurality of directional antennas are arranged to form the omnidirectional antenna that can cover a larger range of angle, so that in an installation process of the CPE, a process of adjusting an antenna angle and optimizing a signal is not required, thereby reducing labor costs and improving installation efficiency.

[0066] FIG. 2b shows a general position of another component inside the CPE housing. An omnidirectional LTE antenna 12 receives an LTE signal from a base station, converts a radio-frequency signal into a digital signal through a communications module 13, and then transmits the digital signal to a router in the home through a network cable 20. The router converts the digital signal into a WiFi signal, or a terminal device such as a computer is connected by directly using a LAN port of the router, thereby achieving wireless broadband access (compared with optical fiber and copper wire to home, the wireless broadband access is more convenient and fast).

[0067] In this solution, a directional antenna is formed by using an omnidirectional antenna and a reflection panel, and a square or polygonal omnidirectional antenna is formed by using four or more groups of directional antennas, so that in the installation process, there is no need to adjust an antenna angle and optimize a signal, and installation efficiency is improved.

[0068] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an indoor mounting base of CPE according to this application. As shown in FIG. 3, based on any one of the foregoing solutions, the CPE may further include: an indoor mounting bracket, where a mounting structure is disposed at an upper end of the indoor mounting bracket and is configured to be detachably connected to the connection structure.

[0069] Optionally, the indoor mounting bracket may be fastened to the lower end of the housing or the heat sink, or may be connected through a screw thread. This is not limited in this solution, it is convenient for a user to implement installation. As shown in FIG. 3, a lower end of an indoor mounting base may be provided with three or more support parts to ensure stability.

[0070] In this solution, the indoor mounting bracket may be directly placed indoors, and the CPE is detachably installed on the indoor mounting bracket, to implement indoor installation and application of the CPE.

[0071] FIG. 4(a) to FIG. 4(c) are schematic diagrams of installable positions of a CPE mounting bracket according to this application. FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a connection of CPE and a CPE mounting bracket according to this application. FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of an inner structure of an attachment plate of a CPE mounting bracket according to this application. A shown in FIG. 4(a) to FIG. 6, the CPE mounting bracket includes:

a mounting base 18, a support tube 17, and an attachment plate 16;

a connection structure is disposed at an upper end of the attachment plate 16, and the connection structure is configured to be detachably connected to a housing of the CPE;

an upper end of the support tube 17 is connected to a lower end of the attachment plate 16, and a cavity of the support tube 17 is connected to an internal cavity of the attachment plate 16, so that an Ethernet cable of the CPE may pass through the cavity of the support tube;

a lower end of the support tube 17 is connected to the mounting base 18, and an angle between the support tube 17 and the mounting base 18 is adjustable; and an opening is formed at the lower end of the support tube 17 (as shown in FIG. 7(a)). Optionally, the opening may also be disposed on a side wall of a bottom of the support tube 17, so that the Ethernet cable of the CPE passes through the opening.



[0072] The CPE may be disposed on a horizontal plane by using this solution, for example, FIG. 4(a); or the CPE may be installed on a sloping wall, for example, FIG. 4(b); or the CPE may be installed on a vertical wall, for example, FIG. 4(c), and the angle between the support tube 17 and the mounting base 18 may be adjusted based on an actual requirement.

[0073] The CPE mounting bracket provided in this embodiment is configured to install the CPE provided in any solution of the foregoing first aspect, the mounting bracket and the CPE cooperate to achieve detachable installation, and the Ethernet cable of the CPE may pass through the attachment plate of the mounting bracket and the cavity of the support tube and is not directly exposed outside, so that in addition to protecting the Ethernet cable from damage from an environment, floating ground surge protection may be further achieved, and there is no need to specially customize a pole. Therefore, installation is convenient, costs are reduced, and in addition, installation efficiency is improved.

[0074] Based on the foregoing embodiment, the connection structure on the attachment plate 16 may be a screw thread or a fastening structure matched with the bottom of the CPE, or may be a screw, a screw nut, or the like. This is not limited in this solution.

[0075] In a specific implementation, the connection structure includes a fastening hook, and the fastening hook is configured to be fastened to a fastening slot disposed at a lower end of the housing of the CPE or on a heat sink.

[0076] Optionally, the connection structure further includes a loose-proof structure, and the loose-proof structure is configured to prevent a connection between the fastening hook and the fastening slot from being loose.

[0077] In the foregoing solution, the loose-proof structure may be formed by grooves separately disposed on the attachment plate and the CPE, and cylinders matched with the grooves, or another structure can prevent loosing after the CPE is fastened to a mounting structure. This is not limited in this solution. As shown in FIG. 5, the loose-proof structure includes a bulge 161 disposed in an inner side of an upper end of the attachment plate, and a groove 151 disposed at an outer side of the lower end of the CPE. When the CPE and the mounting bracket are assembled, the bulge 161 slides into the groove 151, so that the CPE and the mounting bracket can be prevented from being loose.

[0078] In an optional solution, the support tube 17 is a hollow elbow tube. As shown in FIG. 6, a lower end of the support tube 17 is installed on the mounting base 18, and a fixed plate clamping the support tube 17 may be disposed on the mounting base, and is fastened by screwing up a screw bolt or a screw. In this solution, an angle of the support tube 17 on the mounting base 18 is adjustable, and the support tube is adjusted based on an installation position or an environment to cause the CPE to be installed at a proper location.

[0079] In a specific implementation of the CPE mounting bracket, a leveling bubble is disposed inside the attachment plate 16, and the leveling bubble is configured to adjust the attachment plate to a position perpendicular to a horizontal plane. Similarly, in a process of installing the CPE, the CPE can be controlled to avoid being installed obliquely.

[0080] Optionally, an insulating material is used in a connected position of the attachment plate and the CPE.

[0081] To implement a requirement for stability and strength, commonly-used materials of the mounting base and the support tube are metal. To prevent impact on the CPE, an insulated connection needs to be used between the CPE mounting bracket and the CPE, that is, the attachment plate may be made from the insulating material, or a part of the attachment plate in contact with the CPE is made from the insulating material.

[0082] Combined with any one of the foregoing solutions, a CPE system provided in this application at least includes: the CPE and the CPE mounting bracket in the foregoing solutions.

[0083] FIG. 7(a) and FIG. 7(b) are schematic diagrams of installation of CPE and a CPE mounting bracket according to this application. As shown in FIG. 7(a) and FIG. 7(b), the CPE and the CPE mounting bracket are fastened together through the fastening hook and the fastening slot provided in the foregoing embodiment: an Ethernet cable may first pass through an attachment plate and a support tube of the mounting bracket, and pierce a lower end of the support tube, a mounting base of the mounting bracket is installed on a roof or another position, and the mounting base can be freely installed on a plane, a slope roof and a vertical wall independent of a pole by using an angle-adjustable bracket mounting part, to reduce costs of customizing the pole. After the CPE mounting bracket is fastened at a chosen position (for example, the roof), the lower end of the CPE and the attachment plate of the CPE mounting bracket are abutted, and then fastening is performed by screwing up to fasten the CPE to the CPE mounting bracket, to complete installation of the CPE system. Quick rotation fastening installation of the CPE is achieved through a fastening structure, to increase installation efficiency by more than three times compared with that of a hose clamp and pole installation. The Ethernet cable may be pulled into home to be connected to a router or the like.

[0084] The CPE system may further includes a network cable, and/or an access point device such as a wireless or wired connected router, and may further include a terminal device such as a computer, a notebook computer, a mobile phone of a user.

[0085] According to the CPE, the CPE mounting bracket, and the CPE system provided in this application, the CPE is detachably connected to the CPE mounting bracket, and the angle of the mounting bracket is adjustable, thereby reducing a degree of difficulty of the installation. Professional installation is changed to self-installation by a customer, and the angle-adjustable bracket mounting part is included, to avoid a problem of building the pole on spot. By using an insulating housing such as a plastic to design the CPE, the floating ground surge protection is achieved, installation ground is free, thereby resolving a problem of difficult grounding. The omnidirectional antenna is used for the CPE to achieve 360-degree coverage. In the installation process, there is no need to adjust the antenna direction by the expert, and the detachable installation is convenient and efficient, so that the installation process is simple, and installation efficiency is effectively improved.


Claims

1. Customer premises equipment CPE, comprising:

a housing, an omnidirectional antenna, a communications module, a printed circuit board PCB and a heat sink, wherein

the omnidirectional antenna is connected to an input end of the communications module, an output end of the communications module is connected to the PCB, an output of the PCB is connected to an Ethernet cable, and the PCB is disposed on the heat sink; the communications module is configured to convert a received radio-frequency signal to a digital signal;

the housing is a cylindrical structure with an opening formed at a lower end, and the omnidirectional antenna, the communications module, and the PCB are disposed inside the housing; and

the heat sink is disposed at the lower end of the housing, and a through hole for the Ethernet cable to pass through is disposed on the heat sink.


 
2. The CPE according to claim 1, wherein the housing is an insulating material.
 
3. The CPE according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a connection structure is disposed at the lower end of the housing or on the heat sink, and the connection structure is configured to be detachably connected to a CPE mounting bracket.
 
4. The CPE according to claim 3, wherein the connection structure is a fastening slot, and the fastening slot is configured to be fastened to the CPE mounting bracket.
 
5. The CPE according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the heat sink and the Ethernet cable are fastened through sealing.
 
6. The CPE according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a sealing kit is disposed between the heat sink and the housing.
 
7. The CPE according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the omnidirectional antenna comprises a plurality of directional antennas, and the plurality of directional antennas are arranged in sequence as a columnar polyhedron.
 
8. The CPE according to claim 7, wherein the omnidirectional antenna comprises four directional antennas arranged in sequence, and the arranged four directional antennas form a columnar tetrahedron.
 
9. The CPE according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the housing is a cylinder with an opening formed at a lower end.
 
10. The CPE according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the CPE further comprises: an indoor mounting bracket, wherein a mounting structure is disposed at an upper end of the indoor mounting bracket and is configured to be detachably connected to the connection structure.
 
11. A CPE mounting bracket, comprising:

a mounting base, a support tube and an attachment plate, where

a connection structure is disposed at an upper end of the attachment plate, and the connection structure is configured to be detachably connected to a CPE;

an upper end of the support tube is connected to a lower end of the attachment plate, and a cavity of the support tube is connected to an internal cavity of the attachment plate, so that an Ethernet cable of the CPE can pass through the cavity of the support tube;

a lower end of the support tube is connected to the mounting base, and an angle between the support tube and the mounting base can be adjustable; and an opening is formed at the lower end of the support tube, so that the Ethernet cable of the CPE passes through the opening.


 
12. The CPE mounting bracket according to claim 11, wherein the connection structure comprises a fastening hook, and the fastening hook is configured to be fastened to a fastening slot disposed at a lower end of a housing of the CPE or on a heat sink.
 
13. The CPE mounting bracket according to claim 12, wherein the connection structure further comprises a loose-proof structure, and the loose-proof structure is configured to prevent a connection between the fastening hook and the fastening slot from being loose.
 
14. The CPE mounting bracket according to any one of claims 11 to 13, wherein the support tube is a hollow elbow tube.
 
15. The CPE mounting bracket according to any one of claims 11 to 14, wherein a leveling bubble is disposed inside the attachment plate, and the leveling bubble is configured to adjust the attachment plate to a vertical position.
 
16. The CPE mounting bracket according to any one of claims 11 to 15, wherein an insulating material is used in a connected position of the attachment plate and the CPE.
 
17. A CPE system, comprising: the CPE according to any one of claims 1 to 9 and the CPE mounting bracket according to any one of claims 11 to 16.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description