The disclosure relates to the field of pharmaceutical technology, in particular, to a compound pharmaceutical composition for treating skin inflammatory diseases. The pharmaceutical composition of the disclosure can be used to treat skin inflammatory diseases.
Inflammation is a common and important basic pathological process. Body trauma infections and most common and multiple diseases of various organs are inflammatory diseases. [Cruz-Migoni S, Caamaño J. Fat-Associated Lymphoid Clusters in Inflammation and Immunity [J]. Front Immunol. 2016, 7: 612
]. Skin inflammatory diseases include a variety of diseases characterized by skin inflammation and itching, such as atopic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, allergic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.
Inflammation and itching of the skin are two important characteristics of skin inflammatory diseases. JAK-STAT signaling pathway is a signal transduction pathway stimulated by cytokines, involved in many important biological processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and immune regulation. The JAK-STAT pathway is closely related to the occurrence and development of various inflammations. Recent studies have found that the JAK-STAT pathway is also closely related to skin itching , and many cytokines and growth factors conduct signals through the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, including TSLP, interleukins 2∼7 (IL-2-7), GM-CSF (granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor), GH (growth hormone), EGF (epidermal growth factor), PDGF (platelet-derived factor), and IFN (interferon) and so on. And, TSLP is considered to be the main cause of skin itching. Tofacitinib is a JAK1/JAK3 inhibitor developed by Pfizer for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Recent clinical phase II studies have found that topical 2% tofacitinib has a certain therapeutic effect on atopic dermatitis and can improve itching symptoms in patients.
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are a super-family capable of catalyzing the hydrolysis of cAMP and/or cGMP. [Murthy VS, Mangot AG. Psychiatric aspects of phosphodiesterases: An overview [J]. Indian J Pharmacol, 2015, 47(6): 594-599
]. Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) can inhibit multiple functions of inflammation and inflammatory cells, and plays an important role in many diseases and conditions. In these cells, cAMP-specific PDE4 is the main form of PDE, and the PDE4 inhibitor can increase cAMP levels, so as to be used for, but not limited to, inflammation, asthma, and other conditions. [Parikh N, Chakraborti AK. Phosphodiesterase4 (PDE4) Inhibitors in the Treatment of COPD: Promising Drug Candidates and Future Directions [J]. Curr Med Chem, 2016, 23(2): 129-41
]. Crisaborole is a topical PDE-4 inhibitor approved in 2016 for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.
The structural formulas for tofacitinib and crisaborole are as follows:
However, at present, the above drugs have certain defects in clinical use, so it is still important to find or develop new therapeutic drugs with better efficacy.
By combining tofacitinib and crisaborole in a fixed dose ratio, the disclosure unexpectedly finds that the composition has a stronger therapeutic effect and a lower dosage with a significant synergistic therapeutic effect, while having strong clinical use value.
The disclosure discloses a compound pharmaceutical composition of tofacitinib and crisaborole. Pharmacodynamic test proves that the compound pharmaceutical composition of the disclosure has significant synergistic therapeutic effect in treating skin diseases caused by itching and inflammation, with a stronger therapeutic effect and a lower dosage.
Among them, preferably, a weight ratio of tofacitinib and crisaborole has a range of1: 8 to 8: 1. Preferably, the compound pharmaceutical composition of the disclosure is a dosage form for topical administration, which is preferably cream, ointment, gel, foam, powder, tincture, lotion, spray or patch. The composition of the disclosure is used for the treatment of skin inflammatory diseases, including, but not limited to allergic dermatitis, urticaria, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, or contact dermatitis, and inflammatory skin reactions caused by immune diseases such as psoriasis and systemic lupus erythematosus.
The following are some of the pharmacodynamic tests and results of the compound pharmaceutical composition of the disclosure:
1. Therapeutic effects of the compound pharmaceutical composition of the disclosure on a phorbol ester-induced mouse ear swelling model
SPF ICR mice, male, 18-22g, randomly divided into compound groups with different compound ratios and a model group according to body weight, 10 mice for each group. The test drug is dissolved in a 20 µL solvent of DMSO. The specific group numbers are as follows:
- (1) Compound groups with different compound ratios
Tofacitinib: crisaborole = 2mg: 2mg/20µL (dose ratio = 1: 1; group a); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 2mg : 1mg/20µL (dose ratio = 2: 1; group b); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 2mg : 0.5mg/20µL (dose ratio = 4: 1; group c); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 2mg : 0.25mg/20µL (dose ratio = 8: 1; group d); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 2mg : 0.2mg/20µL (dose ratio = 10: 1; group e); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 2mg: 0.125mg/20µL (dose ratio = 16: 1; group f); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 1mg: 2mg/20µL (dose ratio = 1: 2; group g); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 0.5mg : 2mg/20µL (dose ratio = 1: 4; group h); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 0.25mg : 2mg/20µL (dose ratio = 1: 8; group i); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 0.2mg : 2mg/20µL (dose ratio = 1: 10; group j); tofacitinib: crisaborole = 0.125mg : 2mg/20µL (dose ratio = 1: 16; group k).
- (2) Model Group
- (3) Crisaborole (4mg/20ul)
- (4) Tofacitinib (4mg/20 ul)
- (5) Blank group: applying with 20 µL DMOS as a solvent for comparison.
For the mice of each group, 20 ul (5 µg/20 ul/ear) of phorbol ester is applied to the front and back of the right ear for modeling, and 20µl solvent medium (acetone) is applied to the left ear; except for the model group, the right ears of the mice in each administration group are applied with corresponding drugs 20 µl/ear 30 minutes before and 15 minutes after modeling, respectively. 6h after modeling, the ear swelling is measured with a thickness gauge as an indicator of inflammation; then, the animals are sacrificed, the ears are cut and punched with a 6mm punch, the ear pieces are weighed, and the swelling degree (weight) is calculated.
Table 1 Effects of phorbol ester on the swelling degree of the auricle and inhibition rate of the swelling for the mice (ear thickness of 10-2mm)
|Group||Dose (mg/20µL)||Left ear (mm) (%)||Right ear (mm)||Swelling degree (mm)||Inhibition rate|
|Note: △P<0.05, △△P<0.01 vs. model; *P<0.05, **P<0.01 vs. tofacitinib 4mg/20µL single use; #P<0.05,|
##P<0.01 vs. gram; crisaborole 4mg/20µL single use
From above results, it can be known that a range of 16:1 to 1:16 for tofacitinib: crisaborole has a significant inhibition effect on the ear swelling of phorbol ester-induced mice, wherein when tofacitinib: crisaborole = 1:8 to 8:1, the anti-inflammatory effect is better than when tofacitinib (4mg/20µL) and crisaborole (4mg/20µL) are used alone, thereby displaying significant anti-inflammatory synergy.
Description of embodiments
For ointment, the prescription is as follows:
| Component||Concentration (%W/W)|
| Propylene glycol
A prescribed amount of crisaborole and Tofacitinib is taken, and dissolved or dispersed in a mixed solution of 27.98% propylene glycol and glycerin, then after they are evenly dispersed, an appropriate amount of antioxidant is added for mixing uniformly before use; another 70% white petrolatum and glycerin monostearate are taken in a stainless steel tank and heated, melted at 65°C±5°C, then the temperature is remained, followed by slowly adding the above mixed solution into the melted matrix through mixing with a blender/homogenizer; after mixing for a period of time, the heat source is removed, and mixing is continued after cooling until completely homogeneous, so as to obtain the ointment.
1. A compound pharmaceutical composition, comprising a pharmaceutically active ingredient and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, wherein the pharmaceutically active ingredient is composed of tofacitinib and crisaborole.
2. The compound pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1, wherein a weight ratio of tofacitinib and crisaborole is 1: 8 to 8: 1.
3. A use of the compound pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1 or 2 for preparing a drug for treating skin inflammatory diseases.
4. The use according to claim 3, wherein the skin inflammatory diseases are allergic dermatitis, urticaria, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, or contact dermatitis.
5. The use according to claim 3, wherein the skin inflammatory diseases are inflammatory skin reactions caused by psoriasis or systemic lupus erythematosus.
6. The compound pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1 or 2, having a dosage form of an external preparation.
7. The compound pharmaceutical composition according to claim 6, wherein the dosage form of the external preparation is cream, gel, foam, powder, tincture, lotion, spray or patch.