(19)
(11)EP 3 686 138 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 18857875.1

(22)Date of filing:  26.07.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65H 26/04(2006.01)
B65H 23/188(2006.01)
B41F 33/14(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/028108
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/058756 (28.03.2019 Gazette  2019/13)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 19.09.2017 JP 2017179298

(71)Applicants:
  • Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Tokyo 141-6025 (JP)
  • Asahi Kasei Kabushiki Kaisha
    Tokyo 100-0006 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MIYOSHI Kiyoto
    Yokosuka-shi Kanagawa 237-8555 (JP)
  • ANDO Takatora
    Yokosuka-shi Kanagawa 237-8555 (JP)
  • SUZUKI Keita
    Tokyo 101-8101 (JP)
  • MATSUBARA Shinya
    Tokyo 101-8101 (JP)
  • HITOMI Taishi
    Tokyo 101-8101 (JP)
  • IKEDA Makoto
    Tokyo 101-8101 (JP)

(74)Representative: Louis Pöhlau Lohrentz 
Patentanwälte Postfach 30 55
90014 Nürnberg
90014 Nürnberg (DE)

  


(54)WEB PROCESSING SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD


(57) A web processing system (102) which includes a first plate cylinder (24) and a second plate cylinder (34) that are configured to rotate at the same phase while being in contact with a web (4) which continuously exists along a movement passage and a dancer system (40) for suppressing a tension variation of the web (4) between the first plate cylinder (24) and the second plate cylinder (34).




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a web processing system and a control method.

Background Art



[0002] There is a printing system as an example of a web processing system. The printing system executes printing processing onto a long object (web) which continuously exists along a movement passage, such as paper and a film. In the related art, a printing system disclosed in PTL 1 is proposed.

[0003] The printing system is applied to, for example, Printed Electronics (PE), and higher-precision printing is required.

Citation List


Patent Literature



[0004]  [PTL 1] Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2013-123916

Summary of Invention


Technical Problem



[0005] The web flutters in some cases due to disturbance such as vibration of a drive motor of a rotating body rotating while being in contact with the web and wind. The fluttering of the web hinders higher-precision printing.

[0006] Such a problem is not limited to the printing system, and can occur even in other types of web processing systems.

[0007] The present invention is devised in view of such circumstances, and an object thereof is to provide a technique for realizing a higher-precision web processing system.

Solution to Problem



[0008] According to an aspect of the present invention, in order to solve the problem, there is provided a web processing system including two rollers configured to rotate at the same phase while being in contact with a web which continuously exists along a movement passage and a suppressing mechanism for suppressing a tension variation of the web between the two rollers.

[0009] Another aspect of the present invention is a control method. The method is a control method of a web processing system including two rollers that are configured to rotate at the same phase while being in contact with a web which continuously exists along a movement passage and a dancer roller system that includes a dancer roller disposed between the rollers. The method includes a step of rotating the two rollers at the same phase in a state where the dancer roller is controlled to be kept at a certain position and detecting a force applied to the web between the two rollers and a step of rotating the two rollers at the same phase in a state where a force applied to the dancer roller is controlled based on the detected force.

[0010] Any combination of the components, or a configuration where the components or expressions of the present invention are mutually substituted between methods, devices, systems is also effective as an aspect of the present invention.

Advantageous Effects of Invention



[0011] In the present invention, the higher-precision web processing system can be provided.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0012] 

Fig. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a configuration of a general web processing system of the related art.

Fig. 2 is a schematic view illustrating a configuration of a web processing system according to an embodiment.

Fig. 3 is a block diagram showing a functional configuration of a control device of Fig. 2.

Figs. 4A and 4B are views illustrating a state of a dancer system in a preparation process and a production process.


Description of Embodiments



[0013] Hereinafter, the same or equivalent components, members, and processes, which are shown in each drawing, will be assigned with the same reference signs, and overlapping description thereof will be omitted as appropriate. Dimensions of members in each drawing are enlarged or reduced as appropriate for easy understanding. In addition, each drawing will be shown with some of members that are not important in describing an

embodiment omitted.



[0014] First, a web processing system 2 of the related art will be described. Fig. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a configuration of the web processing system 2 of the related art. Herein, the web processing system 2 is a multicolor printing system, and moves a web 4 along a predetermined movement passage, and executes printing onto the moving web 4. The web 4 is a band-like or sheet-like base material such as paper and a film, and continuously exists along the movement passage.

[0015] The web processing system 2 includes a printing device 10 that executes printing onto the web 4 and a control device 100 that controls the printing device 10. The printing device 10 is an intaglio (gravure) printing device in the embodiment. The printing device 10 includes a first printing unit 20 and a second printing unit 30. The first printing unit 20 is provided on an upstream side of the second printing unit 30 in a transport direction of the web 4.

[0016] The first printing unit 20 includes a first impression cylinder 22, a first plate cylinder 24, a first drive motor 26, and a first encoder 28. The first impression cylinder 22 presses the web 4 against the first plate cylinder 24. The first plate cylinder 24 prints a print pattern corresponding to a plate formed in an outer peripheral surface thereof onto the web 4. The first drive motor 26 rotation-drives the first plate cylinder 24. The first encoder 28 is provided on a machine shaft of the first drive motor 26, and measures a rotation angle from a reference position of the first plate cylinder 24 to output the measured value at a predetermined cycle to the control device 100.

[0017] The second printing unit 30 includes a second impression cylinder 32, a second plate cylinder 34, a second drive motor 36, and a second encoder 38. The second impression cylinder 32, the second plate cylinder 34, the second drive motor 36, and the second encoder 38 are configured the same as the first impression cylinder 22, the first plate cylinder 24, the first drive motor 26, and the first encoder 28, respectively.

[0018] The control device 100 controls the first drive motor 26 and the second drive motor 36 based on the output from the encoders. In particular, the control device 100 controls the first drive motor 26 and the second drive motor 36 such that the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34 are in synchronization with each other and the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34 rotate at the same phase. Hereinafter, such control is also called "phase control". Accordingly, a print pattern printed by the first plate cylinder 24 and a print pattern printed by the second plate cylinder 34 overlap each other.

[0019] However, in a web processing system of the related art such as the web processing system 2 of Fig. 1, in general, tension of the web 4 between the plate cylinders configured to rotate at the same phase is not controlled. Therefore, in a case where the web 4 between the plate cylinders flutters due to disturbance, such as vibration of the drive motor and wind, and tension variations occur in the web 4 between the plate cylinders, the tension variations cannot be suppressed. The present inventors have found out that it is necessary to suppress tension variations based on such disturbance for higher-precision printing. Thus, the present inventors have come up with providing a tension suppressing mechanism for suppressing tension variations of the web between the two plate cylinders configured to rotate at the same phase. Hereinafter, details will be described.

[0020] Fig. 2 is a schematic view illustrating a configuration of a web processing system 102 according to the embodiment. Description focused on differences from Fig. 1 will be made.

[0021] The printing device 10 includes a dancer system 40, which is a tension variation suppressing mechanism. The dancer system 40 includes a first guide roller 42, a second guide roller 44, a dancer roller 46, and an actuator device 48. In addition, also a pressure control unit 134, a position control unit 135, a pressure information recording unit 136, and a reference pressure maintaining unit 142 (all of which will be described later) of the control device 100 configure a part of the dancer system 40.

[0022] The first guide roller 42, the second guide roller 44, and the dancer roller 46 are disposed between the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34. The first guide roller 42 is positioned on the upstream side of the second guide roller 44. The first guide roller 42 and the second guide roller 44 are rotatably supported in a state where outer peripheral surfaces are in contact with the web 4, and rotate by friction with the web 4.

[0023] The dancer roller 46 is disposed between the first guide roller 42 and the second guide roller 44, that is, is disposed such that the web 4 comes into contact with the first guide roller 42, the dancer roller 46, and the second guide roller 44 in this order. The dancer roller 46 is supported to be movable in an up-and-down direction in the embodiment.

[0024] The actuator device 48 includes an actuator main body 50, a pressure sensor 52, and a position sensor 54.

[0025] The actuator main body 50 is an air actuator in the embodiment. The actuator main body 50 has a rod 64. A tip of the rod 64 is connected to the dancer roller 46. The actuator main body 50 is provided such that a direction where the rod 64 extends, that is, a direction where the rod 64 moves matches the up-and-down direction in the embodiment.

[0026] The pressure sensor 52 detects a pressure in the actuator main body 50, and outputs the detected value at a predetermined cycle to the control device 100.

[0027] The position sensor 54 detects a position of the rod 64, and outputs the detected value at a predetermined cycle to the control device 100.

[0028] Fig. 3 is a block diagram showing a functional configuration of the control device 100 of Fig. 2. The control device 100 includes a communication unit 110, a control unit 130, and a storage unit 140.

[0029] Each block shown herein can be realized by an element or a mechanical device, including a CPU of a computer, in terms of hardware, and is realized by a computer program in terms of software. Herein, each block is shown as a functional block realized by cooperation between hardware and software. Therefore, it is clear for those skilled in the art that the functional blocks can be realized in various forms in combination with hardware and software.

[0030] The communication unit 110 communicates with an external device in accordance with a predetermined communication protocol. For example, the control unit 130 transmits a control signal for controlling a pressure via the communication unit 110.

[0031] The control unit 130 includes a motor control unit 132, the pressure control unit 134, the position control unit 135, and the pressure information recording unit 136. The motor control unit 132 synchronization-controls the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34 based on the output from the first encoder 28 and the second encoder 38.

[0032] The pressure control unit 134 controls a pressure in the actuator main body 50 and a force (thrust) applied to the web 4 by the dancer roller 46 via the rod 64. The position control unit 135 controls a position of the rod 64 and a position of the dancer roller 46. In a preparation process of providing the dancer system 40 in the web processing system 102, the position control unit 135 controls the positions of the rod 64 and the dancer roller 46 such that the rod 64 and the dancer roller 46 are kept at a certain position (hereinafter, called a reference position) where moving both up and down is possible, with reference to a detected value from the position sensor 54. Specifically, in the embodiment, the position control unit 135 adjusts a pressure in the actuator main body 50 such that the rod 64 and the dancer roller 46 are kept at the reference position. The reference position may be, for example, an intermediate position in a stroke range of the rod 64. The pressure information recording unit 136 reads a pressure of this time (hereinafter, called a reference pressure) from the pressure sensor 52, and records the pressure in the reference pressure maintaining unit 142 (to be described later).

[0033] In addition, in a printing process of actually printing a print pattern onto the web 4 by the web processing system 102 in which the dancer system 40 is provided, the pressure control unit 134 controls a pressure in the actuator main body 50 such that the pressure is kept at the reference pressure, with reference to a detected value from the pressure sensor 52.

[0034] The storage unit 140 is a storage area that stores data to be referred to and to be updated by the control unit 130. The storage unit 140 includes the reference pressure maintaining unit 142. The reference pressure maintaining unit 142 maintains the reference pressure.

[0035] Operation of the web processing system 102 including the dancer system 40 configured as described above will be described. Figs. 4A and 4Bb are views illustrating a state of the dancer system 40 in the preparation process and a production process.

(Preparation Process)



[0036] As illustrated in Fig. 4A, each roller of the dancer system 40 is provided between the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34. Next, the position control unit 135 controls the positions of the rod 64 and the dancer roller 46 such that the dancer roller 46 is kept at a reference position P, with reference to a detected value from the position sensor 54. The control device 100 drives a transport roller (not illustrated) to transport the web 4 in a state where the dancer roller 46 is kept at the reference position P. The motor control unit 132 operates the two plate cylinders through phase control, that is, rotates the two plate cylinders at the same phase. The pressure information recording unit 136 reads a pressure in the actuator main body 50 of this time from the pressure sensor 52, and records the pressure in the reference pressure maintaining unit 142 as the reference pressure. The pressure information recording unit 136 may set, for example, an average value in a certain period (for example, for 10 seconds) after the pressure in the actuator main body 50 is stabilized, as the reference pressure.

[0037] Since the dancer roller 46 is controlled to be kept at the reference position P, the dancer roller 46 of this time simply functions as a guide roller such as the first guide roller 42 and the second guide roller 44, and the existence of the dancer system 40 does not affect the tension of the web 4 between the plate cylinders. That is, the tension of the web 4 between the plate cylinders is substantially the same as tension in a case where the dancer system 40 does not exist. More specifically, the tension of the web 4 between the plate cylinders is substantially the same as tension (hereinafter, referred to as reference tension) including tension flowed in from a previous section and tension generated due to a property difference between the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34 (for example, a diameter difference which occurs due to processing accuracy).

(Printing Process)



[0038] The control device 100 drives the transport roller to transport the web 4. The motor control unit 132 operates the two plate cylinders through phase control. Accordingly, print patterns of the two plate cylinders are printed onto the web 4 so as to overlap each other. With reference to a detected value from the pressure sensor 52, the pressure control unit 134 performs control such that a pressure in the actuator main body 50 is kept at the reference pressure maintained by the reference pressure maintaining unit 142, in other words, such that the tension of the web 4 between the two plate cylinders is kept at the reference tension.

[0039] Herein, as illustrated in Fig. 4B, for example, when the web 4 flutters due to disturbance such as dry wind for drying an ink of a print pattern printed by the first printing unit 20 and tension variations occur in the web 4 between the plate cylinders, the dancer roller 46 moves in the up-and-down direction and a path length between the two plate cylinders changes. Accordingly, tension variations that occur in the web 4 between the plate cylinders can be suppressed.

[0040] In the embodiment described above, the dancer system 40 performs control such that the dancer roller 46 is disposed between the two plate cylinders and the tension of the web 4 between the two plate cylinders is kept at the reference tension.

[0041] However, a configuration where the dancer roller of the dancer system is provided between the two rollers and the tension of the web between the two rollers is controlled to be any tension is known as the related art. In the configuration, the dancer roller 46 moves to absorb tension variations that occur in the web 4 between the two rollers. In this case, it is possible to avoid that the dancer roller 46 reaches a boundary of the stroke range thereof by changing a rotation speed of at least one of the two rollers and for example, returning the position of the dancer roller 46 to the intermediate position of the stroke range.

[0042] On the contrary, since the two plate cylinders undergo phase control in the embodiment, rotation speeds thereof cannot be changed. That is, it is impossible to avoid that the dancer roller 46 reaches the boundary of the stroke range thereof by changing the rotation speeds of the plate cylinders. As described above, providing the dancer roller of the dancer system between the two plate cylinders which are under phase control is not that simple.

[0043] On the contrary, in the embodiment described above, the dancer system 40 performs control such that the tension of the web 4 between the plate cylinders is substantially the same as the reference tension, that is, the tension including the tension flowed in from the previous section and the tension generated due to a property difference between the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34. Therefore, since a phenomenon in which the dancer roller 46 reaches the boundary of the stroke range does not occur, it is not necessary to change a rotation speed of at least one of the two plate cylinders. Therefore, the dancer roller 46 of the dancer system 40 can be disposed also between the two plate cylinders which are under phase control in the embodiment. Thus, tension variations that occur between the two plate cylinders due to the dancer system 40 are suppressed.

[0044] That is, in the embodiment, while rotating the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34 at the same phase, tension variations of the web 4 therebetween can be suppressed. Therefore, it is possible to realize higher-precision printing.

[0045] Hereinbefore, the dancer system according to the embodiment has been described. The embodiment is merely an example, and it is clear for those skilled in the art that various modification examples can be made to a combination of each component and each processing process, and such modification examples are also in the scope of the present invention. Hereinafter, modification examples will be described.

(Modification Example 1)



[0046] Although a case where the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34 are driven by respective drive motors and undergo phase control is described in the embodiment, the invention is not limited thereto. It is sufficient that the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34 are configured to rotate at the same phase. For example, by driving the two plate cylinders by one drive motor, the plate cylinders may rotate at the same phase.

(Modification Example 2)



[0047] Although a case where the dancer roller 46 of the dancer system 40 is disposed between the two plate cylinders is described in the embodiment and the modification example described above, the invention is not limited thereto. Also, in a case where the dancer system 40 is disposed between another two rollers under phase control, the technical idea of the embodiment can be applied.

(Modification Example 3)



[0048] Although a case where the printing device is an intaglio printing device is described in the embodiment and the modification examples described above, without being limited thereto, the printing device 10 may be other systems of printing devices such as an offset printing device, and a CI-type or line-type flexographic printing device. In this case, and also in a case where the dancer system 40 is disposed between the two cylinders of the other systems of printing devices, the technical idea of the embodiment can be applied.

(Modification Example 4)



[0049] Although a case where the web processing system 102 is a printing system is described in the embodiment and the modification examples described above, without being limited thereto, the technical idea of the embodiment can also be applied to other types of web processing systems that execute predetermined processing onto the web.

(Modification Example 5)



[0050] Although a case where a direction where the rod 64 and the dancer roller 46 move is the up-and-down direction is described in the embodiment and the modification examples described above, without being limited thereto, the dancer system 40 may be provided to move in other directions. For example, the dancer system 40 may be provided such that the rod 64 and the dancer roller 46 move in a horizontal direction.

(Modification Example 6)



[0051] Although a case where the reference pressure, that is, information related to the reference tension is detected by the dancer system 40 in the preparation process is described in the embodiment, without being limited thereto, the reference pressure and the reference tension may be detected by another tension detector provided between the two rollers. In this case, the reference tension may be detected in a state where the web 4 is transported such that the web does not pass the dancer roller 46 or a state where the dancer roller 46 is mechanically fixed such that the dancer roller does not move. Thus, in the printing process, the dancer roller 46 may apply a pressure in the actuator main body 50 such that a force (thrust) according to the reference tension is applied to the web 4.

(Modification Example 7)



[0052] Although a case where the actuator main body 50 is an air actuator is described in the embodiment and the modification examples described above, the invention is not limited thereto. The actuator main body 50 may be, for example, a hydraulic actuator, an electromagnetic actuator, and other actuators.

(Modification Example 8)



[0053] Although a case where the printing device 10 includes the actuator device 48 is described in the embodiment and the modification examples described above, the invention is not limited thereto. It is sufficient that a force can be applied such that the tension of the web 4 between the plate cylinders is kept at the reference tension. For example, a weight having heaviness corresponding to the reference tension may be hung on the dancer roller 46, instead of the actuator device 48. In this case, the reference tension may be detected by the tension detector, and the heaviness of the weight may be determined based on the detected value.

[0054] Any combination of the prerequisite technology, the embodiment, and the modification examples which are described above is also useful as an embodiment of the present invention. A new embodiment generated from combination has respective combined effects of the combined embodiment and modification examples. In addition, it is also clear for those skilled in the art that a function to be fulfilled by each of configuration requirements described in the claims is realized by each of single components or a combination thereof described in the embodiment and the modification examples. For example, two rollers described in the claims may be realized by the first plate cylinder 24 and the second plate cylinder 34.

Reference Signs List



[0055] 
4
web
20
first printing unit
24
first plate cylinder
30
second printing unit
34
second plate cylinder
100
control device
102
web processing system
132
motor control unit
134
pressure control unit
142
reference pressure maintaining unit

Industrial Applicability



[0056] The present invention can be used in the web processing system and the control method thereof.


Claims

1. A web processing system comprising:

two rollers configured to rotate at a same phase while being in contact with a web which is continuous along a movement passage; and

a suppressing mechanism for suppressing a variation in a tension of the web between the two rollers.


 
2. The web processing system according to Claim 1,
wherein the suppressing mechanism is configured such that a path length of the web between the two rollers changes when the tension of the web between the two rollers is varied.
 
3. The web processing system according to Claim 1 or 2,
wherein the suppressing mechanism is configured to apply a force to the web between the two rollers such that the tension of the web between the two rollers is kept at tension including tension flowed in from a previous section and tension which occurs in the web between the two rollers based on a property difference between the two rollers.
 
4. The web processing system according to Claim 2 or 3,
wherein the suppressing mechanism includes a dancer roller configured to come into contact with the web between the two rollers, and suppress the tension variation of the web between the two rollers.
 
5. A control method of a web processing system including two rollers that are configured to rotate at the same phase while being in contact with a web which is continuous along a movement passage, and a dancer roller system that includes a dancer roller disposed between the rollers, the method comprising:

a step of rotating the two rollers at a same phase in a state where the dancer roller is controlled to be kept at a certain position and detecting a force applied to the web between the two rollers; and

a step of rotating the two rollers at the same phase in a state where a force applied to the dancer roller is controlled based on the detected force.


 




Drawing
















Search report







Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description