(19)
(11)EP 3 686 180 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 19842355.0

(22)Date of filing:  15.05.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07C 67/08(2006.01)
B01J 31/02(2006.01)
C07C 69/602(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2019/006010
(87)International publication number:
WO 2020/111410 (04.06.2020 Gazette  2020/23)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 27.11.2018 KR 20180148840

(71)Applicant: LG Chem, Ltd.
Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • The designation of the inventor has not yet been filed
     ()

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ACRYLIC ACID ESTER COMPOUND


(57) The present disclosure relates to a preparation method of an acrylic ester compound. The preparation method of an acrylic ester compound according to the present disclosure enables the use of acrylic anhydride as a reactant instead of acryloyl chloride, which is difficult to handle, by using an alkane diamine as a catalyst. Therefore, not only can the reaction be carried out at a low temperature, but also conversion to an acrylic ester compound and a yield of the acrylic ester compound can be improved.


Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


(a) Field of the Invention


Cross-reference to Related Application



[0001] This application claims the benefit of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2018-0148840 filed on November 27, 2018 with the Korean Intellectual Property Office, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

[0002] The present disclosure relates to a preparation method of an acrylic ester compound, and more particularly, to a technique capable of reacting even at a low temperature and increasing a conversion and a yield of an acrylic ester compound by using an alkane diamine as a catalyst.

(b) Description of the Related Art



[0003] Recently, acrylic ester compounds have been used as an internal cross-linking agent for superabsorbent polymers, and their use has been greatly increased. The superabsorbent polymer (SAP) is a type of synthetic polymeric material capable of absorbing 500 to 1000 times its own weight of moisture. Various manufacturers have given it different names, such as SAM (Super Absorbency Material), AGM (Absorbent Gel Material), and the like. Such superabsorbent polymers started to be practically applied in sanitary products, and they are now being widely used not only for hygiene products such as disposable diapers for children, sanitary pads, etc., but also for water retaining soil products for gardening, water stop materials for civil engineering and construction, sheets for raising seedlings, fresh-keeping agents for food distribution fields, materials for poultices, or the like.

[0004] In most cases, the superabsorbent polymer is widely used in the field of hygiene products such as diapers and sanitary napkins, and for this purpose, it is necessary to exhibit a high absorption capacity for moisture and the like. In addition, it is necessary that the absorbed moisture should not leak out even under external pressure. Further, it needs to show excellent permeability by maintaining its shape even in an expanded (swelled) state after absorbing water.

[0005] Therefore, in order for the superabsorbent polymer to have excellent performance, the base resin, which is the most important constituent polymer, should have high absorption ability.

[0006] In order to prepare the base resin, generally, internal cross-linking density of the polymer can be controlled by polymerizing an acrylic acid-based monomer in the presence of an internal cross-linking agent. The internal cross-linking agent is used for cross-linking the interior of a polymer in which an acrylic acid-based monomer is polymerized, that is, a base resin, and the internal cross-linking density of the base resin can be controlled according to the type and content of the internal cross-linking agent. When the cross-linking density of the base resin is low, the absorption ability is increased but strength is weak, so that the shape cannot be maintained in subsequent steps. When the cross-link density is too high, strength is increased but the water absorption ability may be deteriorated. Therefore, it is very important to appropriately control the cross-linking density in view of the strength and the absorption ability of the base resin.

[0007] Meanwhile, there has been a problem in the synthesis of the acrylic ester compound which is used as an internal cross-linking agent. When acryloyl chloride is used as a reactant in the preparation of an internal cross-linking agent, it is difficult for workers to handle. On the other hand, when acrylic anhydride is used as a reactant, a reaction temperature is as high as 110 °C or higher, so that a polymerization reaction is likely to proceed between the resulting acrylic esters.

[0008] Further, tertiary alcohols used have low reactivity, and triethylamine and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) are used as a base in the reaction with acryloyl chloride or acrylic anhydride. In this case, there is a disadvantage in that conversion to an acrylic ester and a yield of the acrylic ester are low.

[0009] Therefore, the present inventors found that the addition of an alkane diamine as a catalyst in the synthesis of an acrylic ester as an internal cross-linking agent lowers the reaction temperature, thereby preventing the polymerization reaction between the acrylic esters and increasing the conversion to acrylic ester and the yield of acrylic ester, and they completed the present invention.

[PRIOR ART DOCUMENTS]


[Patent Documents]



[0010] (Patent Document 1) Japanese Patent Publication No. 2017-39918

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0011] The present disclosure describes providing a preparation method of an acrylic ester compound capable of synthesizing the acrylic ester even at a low temperature and increasing conversion to an acrylic ester and a yield of the acrylic ester by using an alkane diamine as a catalyst.

[0012] In order to solve the above problems, a preparation method of an acrylic ester compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 4 is provided, including a step of reacting a compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1 with a compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 2 in the presence of a catalyst represented by the following Chemical Formula 3:

wherein, in Chemical Formula 1,

R1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-30 alkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-30 alkenylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-30 alkynylene, and

R2 and R3 are each independently hydrogen or a C1-20 alkyl,



wherein, in Chemical Formula 2,
R4 and R5 are each independently hydrogen or a methyl,



wherein, in Chemical Formula 3,

R6 to R9 are each independently hydrogen or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-10 alkyl, and

R10 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-10 alkylene,



wherein, in Chemical Formula 4,
R1 to R5 are as defined above.

[0013] The reaction may be carried out at a temperature of 30 °C to 80 °C.

[0014] A conversion of the reaction may be 90 to 99.9 % and a yield of the reaction may be 70 to 95 %.

[0015] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail.

[0016] As used herein, the term "substituted or unsubstituted" means that it is substituted or unsubstituted with one or more substituent groups selected from the group consisting of deuterium; a halogen group; a nitrile group; a nitro group; a hydroxyl group; a carbonyl group; an ester group; an imide group; an amino group; a phosphine oxide group; an alkoxy group; an aryloxy group; an alkylthioxy group; an arylthioxy group; an alkylsulfoxy group; an arylsulfoxy group; a silyl group; a boron group; an alkyl group; a cycloalkyl group; an alkenyl group; an aryl group; an aralkyl group; an aralkenyl group; an alkylaryl group; an alkylamine group; an aralkylamine group; a heteroarylamine group; an arylamine group; an arylphosphine group; and a heterocyclic group containing at least one of N, O, and S atoms, or a substituent group where two or more substituent groups of the exemplified substituent groups are connected. For example, the term "substituent group where two or more substituent groups are connected" may be a biphenyl group. That is, the biphenyl group may be an aryl group, or may be interpreted as a substituent group where two phenyl groups are connected.

[0017] In the present disclosure, an alkyl group may be a linear chain or a branched chain, and the number of carbon atoms thereof is not particularly limited but is preferably 1 to 20. According to one embodiment, the alkyl group has 1 to 10 carbon atoms. According to another embodiment, the alkyl group has 1 to 5 carbon atoms. Specific examples of the alkyl group include methyl, ethyl, propyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, butyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, sec-butyl, 1-methyl-butyl, 1-ethyl-butyl, pentyl, n-pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, tert-pentyl, hexyl, n-hexyl, 1-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 4-methyl-2-pentyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, heptyl, n-heptyl, 1-methylhexyl, cyclopentylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, octyl, n-octyl, tert-octyl, 1-methylheptyl, 2-ethylhexyl, 2-propylpentyl, n-nonyl, 2,2-dimethylheptyl, 1-ethyl-propyl, 1,1-dimethyl-propyl, isohexyl, 2-methylpentyl, 4-methylhexyl, 5-methylhexyl, and the like, but are not limited thereto.

[0018] In the present disclosure, the alkenyl group may be a linear chain or a branched chain, and the number of carbon atoms thereof is not particularly limited but is preferably 2 to 30. According to one embodiment, the alkenyl group has 2 to 20 carbon atoms. According to another embodiment, the alkenyl group has 2 to 10 carbon atoms. According to another embodiment, the alkenyl group has 2 to 5 carbon atoms. Specific examples thereof include vinyl, 1-propenyl, isopropenyl, 1-butenyl, 2-butenyl, 3-butenyl, 1-pentenyl, 2-pentenyl, 3-pentenyl, 3-methyl-1-butenyl, 1,3-butadienyl, allyl, 1-phenylvinyl-1-yl, 2-phenylvinyl-1-yl, 2,2-diphenylvinyl-1-yl, 2-phenyl-2-(naphthyl-1-yl)vinyl-1-yl, 2,2-bis(diphenyl-1-yl)vinyl-1-yl, a stilbenyl group, a styrenyl group, and the like, but are not limited thereto.

[0019] In the present disclosure, the alkynyl group may be a linear chain or a branched chain, and the number of carbon atoms thereof is not particularly limited but is preferably 2 to 30. According to one embodiment, the alkynyl group has 2 to 20 carbon atoms. According to another embodiment, the alkynyl group has 2 to 10 carbon atoms. According to another embodiment, the alkynyl group has 2 to 5 carbon atoms. Specific examples thereof include ethynyl, propynyl, 1-butynyl, 2-butynyl, 1-pentynyl, 2-pentynyl, 3-pentynyl, and the like, but are not limited thereto.

[0020] In this disclosure, the description of the alkyl group described above can be applied to the alkylene, except that the alkylene is a divalent group. The description of the alkenyl group described above can be applied to the alkenylene, except that the alkenylene is a divalent group. The description of the alkynyl group described above can be applied to the alkynylene, except that the alkynylene is a divalent group.

The catalyst



[0021] The catalyst according to an embodiment of the present disclosure is represented by the above Chemical Formula 3.

[0022] The catalyst represented by Chemical Formula 3 reacts with a reactant to form an acryl-diaminoalkane cation and sequentially form an acrylic ester. Therefore, it is possible to carry out the reaction at a lower temperature than the conventional reaction conditions, thereby reducing possibilities of polymerization between the acrylic ester compounds during the reaction.

[0023] When the catalyst of Chemical Formula 3 is used, activation energy of the reaction is lowered by forming the acryl-diaminoalkane cation, which leads to an excellent yield and conversion in the preparation of an acrylic ester. Therefore, this method needs a smaller amount of reactants than the method using the existing catalyst to obtain the same amount of products. Further, since the present method does not require a dropping process, it is simpler than the existing one, so that process time and process costs may be reduced.

[0024] Preferably, the R6 to R9 may each independently be hydrogen or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-10 alkyl. More preferably, the R6 and R7 may be methyl, and R8 and R9 may be hydrogen or a methyl.

[0025] Preferably, the R10 may be a substituted or unsubstituted C1-5 alkylene. More preferably, the R10 may be ethylene.

[0026] Most preferably, Chemical Formula 3 may be N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine or N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine.

The acrylic ester compound



[0027] The acrylic ester compound according to an embodiment of the present disclosure is represented by the above Chemical Formula 4.

[0028] The acrylic ester compound represented by Chemical Formula 4 is a pyrolytic internal cross-linking agent, and an internal cross-linking structure of the polymer in which the compound of Chemical Formula 4 and the acrylic acid-based monomer are cross-linked may be decomposed by heat (for example, at 150 °C or higher). Accordingly, when the acrylic acid-based monomer is cross-linked and polymerized in the presence of the acrylic ester compound of Chemical Formula 4, a cross-linked polymer having a pyrolytic internal cross-linked structure may be provided.

[0029] In the present disclosure, the "polymer" or "cross-linked polymer" means that the acrylic acid-based monomer is polymerized in the presence of an internal cross-linking agent containing the acrylic ester compound of Chemical Formula 4.

[0030] Preferably, the R1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted C1-10 alkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-10 alkenylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-10 alkynylene. More preferably, the R1 may be any one selected from the group consisting of 2-methyl-1-pentenylene, 3,3-dimethyl-1-propynylene, propylene, and methyl ethylene.

[0031] Preferably, the R2 and R3 may each independently be a C1-5 alkyl. More preferably, the R2 and R3 may be a methyl.

[0032] Preferably, the R4 and R5 may be hydrogen.

The preparation method of an acrylic ester compound



[0033] The preparation method of an acrylic ester compound according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a step of reacting the compound of Chemical Formula 1 and the compound of Chemical Formula 2 as reactants in the presence of the catalyst of Chemical Formula 3.

[0034] In the above preparation method, R1 to R5 of Chemical Formulae 1 and 2, which are reactants, are the same as described in the above acrylic ester compound.

[0035] In the above preparation method, R6 to R10 of Chemical Formula 3, which is a catalyst, are the same as described in the above catalyst.

[0036] More preferably, Chemical Formula 1 may be any one of the following Chemical Formulae 1-1 to 1-4.









[0037] More preferably, Chemical Formula 2 may be acrylic anhydride.

[0038] In the preparation of the acrylic ester compound, 2.1 to 3.5 equivalents of the compound represented by Chemical Formula 2 and 0.05 to 0.5 equivalents of the catalyst represented by Chemical Formula 3 are reacted based on 1 equivalent of the compound represented by Chemical Formula 1.

[0039] The step of reacting the compound represented by Chemical Formula 1 with the compound represented by Chemical Formula 2 may be carried out for 4 hours or more, 6 hours or more, 8 hours or more, 10 hours or more, or 12 hours or more; and for 24 hours or less.

[0040] The step of reacting the compound represented by Chemical Formula 1 with the compound represented by Chemical Formula 2 may be carried out at a temperature of 30 °C to 80 °C, 35 °C to 75 °C, or 40 °C to 70 °C. When the reaction temperature is lower than 30 °C, the conversion may be lowered. When the reaction temperature is higher than 80 °C, there is a disadvantage in that a polymerization reaction is likely to proceed between the acrylic esters, thereby lowering the yield.

[0041] The conversion to the compound represented by Chemical Formula 4 may be 90 to 99.9 %, 93 to 99.9 %, 95 to 99.9 %, or 95 to 99 %.

[0042] The yield of the compound represented by Chemical Formula 4 may be 70 to 95 %, 75 to 95 %, 75 to 90 %, 75 to 87 %, or 78 to 87 %.

[0043] The compound represented by Chemical Formula 4 obtained by the above preparation method may be used as a cross-linking agent in the polymerization of an acrylic acid-based monomer, but is not limited thereto.

[0044] The preparation method of an acrylic ester compound according to the present disclosure enables the use of acrylic anhydride as a reactant instead of acryloyl chloride, which is difficult to handle, by using an alkane diamine as a catalyst, and enables the reaction to be carried out at a low temperature. At the same time, this preparation method can improve conversion to an acrylic ester compound and a yield of the acrylic ester compound.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



[0045] Hereinafter, the present invention will be explained in detail with reference to the following examples. However, these examples are only to illustrate the invention, and the scope of the invention is not limited thereto.

Example 1



[0046] 



[0047] 3,7-dimethyl-2-octene-1,7-diol (30.0 g, 174 mmol), N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (6.07 g, 52.2 mmol, 0.30 eq.), and acrylic anhydride (65.89 g, 522.4 mmol, 3.0 eq.) were placed in a 250 mL round-bottom flask, and reacted at 60 °C for 12 hours or more. Thereafter, it was filtered using a celite pad with 300 mL of n-hexane, and concentrated to obtain a product DA 1 (39.1 g, yield 80 %).
1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.39-6.02 (m, 2H), 6.01-5.80 (m, 2H), 5.75-5.72 (m, 2H), 5.44-5.37 (m, 2H), 4.69-4.65 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.03 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.23 (m, 13H).

Example 2



[0048] 



[0049] 2,5-dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diol (30.0 g, 210.9 mmol), N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (7.36 g, 63.3 mmol, 0.30 eq.), and acrylic anhydride (79.82 g, 632.9 mmol, 3.0 eq.) were placed in a 250 mL round-bottom flask, and reacted at 60 °C for 12 hours or more. Thereafter, it was filtered using a celite pad with 300 mL of n-hexane, and concentrated to obtain a product DA 2 (43.8 g, yield 83 %).
1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.34 (dd, 2H), 6.06 (dd, 2H), 5.76 (dd, 2H), 1.68 (s, 12H).

Example 3



[0050] 



[0051] 4-methylpentane-1,4-diol (20.0 g, 169 mmol), N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (5.9 g, 50.8 mmol, 0.30 eq.), and acrylic anhydride (64.03 g, 508 mmol, 3.0 eq.) were placed in a 250 mL round-bottom flask, and reacted at 60 °C for 12 hours or more. Thereafter, it was filtered using a celite pad with 200 mL of n-hexane, and concentrated to obtain a product DA 3 (32.9 g, yield 86 %).
1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.43 (1H, dd), 6.32 (2H, dd), 6.13 (1H, dd), 6.04 (1H, dd), 5.84 (1H, dd), 5.77 (1H, dd), 4.17 (2H, t), 1.88 (2H, m), 1.75 (2H, m), 1.50 (6H, s).

Example 4



[0052] 



[0053] 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol (20.0 g, 169 mmol), N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (5.9 g, 50.8 mmol, 0.30 eq.), and acrylic anhydride (64.03 g, 508 mmol, 3.0 eq.) were placed in a 250 mL round-bottom flask, and reacted at 60 °C for 12 hours or more. Thereafter, it was filtered using a celite pad with 200 mL of n-hexane, and concentrated to obtain a product DA 4 (31.8 g, yield 83 %).
1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.38 (1H, dd), 6.31 (1H, dd), 6.08 (1H, dd), 6.01 (1H, dd), 5.25 (1H, m), 1.57 (3H, s), 1.51 (6H, s), 1.28 (2H, d).

Example 5



[0054] 



[0055] 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol (20.0 g, 169 mmol), N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (4.5 g, 50.8 mmol, 0.30 eq.), and acrylic anhydride (64.03 g, 508 mmol, 3.0 eq.) were placed in a 250 mL round-bottom flask, and reacted at 60 °C for 12 hours or more. Thereafter, it was filtered using a celite pad with 200 mL of n-hexane, and concentrated to obtain a product DA 4 (31.8 g, yield 79 %).
1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.38 (1H, dd), 6.31 (1H, dd), 6.08 (1H, dd), 6.01 (1H, dd), 5.25 (1H, m), 1.57 (3H, s), 1.51 (6H, s), 1.28 (2H, d).

Comparative Example 1



[0056] 



[0057] 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol (20.0 g, 169 mmol), methylene chloride (120 mL), triethylamine (51.38 g, 508 mmol, 3.0 eq.), and and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (2.07 g, 16.92 mmol, 0.1 eq.) were placed in a 250 mL round-bottom flask, and a solution of acryloyl chloride (45.95 g, 507.7 mmol, 3.0 eq.) and methylene chloride (50 mL) was slowly added thereto at 0 °C for 2 hours. Thereafter, they reacted at 0 °C for 1 hour, and the temperature was gradually raised to room temperature, followed by reacting for 12 hours. Then, methylene chloride, which is a solvent, was removed under reduced pressure, diluted with 200 mL of n-hexane and washed twice with 200 mL of water. Magnesium sulfate was added to the n-hexane solution to remove water, and the mixture was filtered using a celite pad and then concentrated to obtain a mixture of DA 4 and A 1.

Comparative Example 2



[0058] 



[0059] 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol (20.0 g, 169 mmol), toluene (170 mL), triethylamine (51.38 g, 508 mmol, 3.0 eq.), and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (2.07 g, 16.92 mmol, 0.1 eq.) were placed in a 250 mL round-bottom flask, and acrylic anhydride (64.03 g, 507.7 mmol, 3.0 eq.) was slowly added thereto at 110 °C for 2 hours. Thereafter, they reacted at 110 °C for 12 hours. Then, toluene, which is a solvent, was removed under reduced pressure, diluted with 200 mL of n-hexane, and washed twice with 200 mL of water. Magnesium sulfate was added to the n-hexane solution to remove water, and the mixture was filtered using a celite pad and then concentrated to obtain a mixture of DA 4 and A 1.

Experimental Example



[0060] The conversion and yield were calculated according to the following Formulae 1 and 2 for the above examples and comparative examples, respectively, and the results are shown in Table 1 below.



[Table 1]
 ReactantCatalystConversion to DA (%)R at io of D A : AYield of DA (%)
Ex. 1 Acrylic anhydride N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethyle nediamine 98 98: 2 80
Ex. 2 Acrylic anhydride N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethyle nediamine 99 99: 1 83
Ex. 3 Acrylic anhydride N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethyle nediamine 99 99: 1 86
Ex. 4 Acrylic anhydride N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethyle nediamine 98 98: 2 83
Ex. 5 Acrylic anhydride N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine 95 98: 2 79
Comp. Ex. 1 Acryloyl chloride NEt3, DMAP 85 86: 14 62
Comp. Ex. 2 Acrylic anhydride NEt3, DMAP 80 80: 20 52


[0061] Referring to Table 1, Examples 1 to 5 using N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine or N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine as a catalyst had a conversion to acrylic ester of 95 % or more and a yield of acrylic ester of 79 % or more, which are superior to the comparative examples using NEt3 and DMAP as a catalyst.

[0062] Further, it was confirmed that all of Examples 1 to 5 had excellent conversion and yield as shown in Table 1 even though the reaction proceeded at a temperature of 60 °C, which is significantly lower than the esterification temperature of acrylic anhydride (110 °C) of Comparative Example 2.


Claims

1. A preparation method of an acrylic ester compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 4, comprising a step of reacting a compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1 with a compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 2 in the presence of a catalyst represented by the following Chemical Formula 3:

wherein, in Chemical Formula 1,

R1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-30 alkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-30 alkenylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-30 alkynylene, and

R2 and R3 are each independently hydrogen or a C1-20 alkyl,





wherein, in Chemical Formula 2,
R4 and R5 are each independently hydrogen or a methyl,

wherein, in Chemical Formula 3,

R6 to R9 are each independently hydrogen or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-10 alkyl, and

R10 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-10 alkylene,



wherein, in Chemical Formula 4,
R1 to R5 are as defined above.
 
2. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein the R1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-10 alkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-10 alkenylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-10 alkynylene.
 
3. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein the R2 and R3 are each independently a C1-5 alkyl.
 
4. The preparation method of Claim 3,
wherein the R2 and R3 are methyl.
 
5. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein the R4 and R5 are hydrogen.
 
6. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein the R6 to R9 are each independently hydrogen or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-10 alkyl.
 
7. The preparation method of Claim 6,
wherein the R6 and R7 are methyl, and
R8 and R9 are hydrogen or methyl.
 
8. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein the R10 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-5 alkylene.
 
9. The preparation method of Claim 8,
wherein the R10 is ethylene.
 
10. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein Chemical Formula 1 is any one of the following Chemical Formulae 1-1 to 1-4:










 
11. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein Chemical Formula 2 is acrylic anhydride.
 
12. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein Chemical Formula 3 is N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine or N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine.
 
13. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein the reaction is carried out at a temperature of 30 °C to 80 °C.
 
14. The preparation method of Claim 1,
wherein conversion of the reaction is 90 to 99.9 % and a yield of the reaction is 70 to 95 %.
 





Search report










Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description