(19)
(11)EP 3 686 642 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 19305096.0

(22)Date of filing:  24.01.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G02B 17/00(2006.01)
G02B 17/08(2006.01)
G02B 17/06(2006.01)
G02B 5/10(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Depixus
75014 Paris (FR)

(72)Inventor:
  • VIEILLE, Thibault
    78150 ROCQUENCOURT (FR)

(74)Representative: Regimbeau 
20, rue de Chazelles
75847 Paris Cedex 17
75847 Paris Cedex 17 (FR)

  


(54)MULTICHANNEL CLOSE-UP IMAGING DEVICE


(57) The present invention relates to a device for optically imaging at least a part of an object, the device having an optical axis and comprising a two-dimensional first array of first microlenses, having a first side intended to face the object, and a second side, opposite the first side, a two-dimensional second array of second microlenses, each first microlens being aligned with a second microlens on an axis parallel to the optical axis, wherein each first microlens comprises a first catoptric system, and preferably a first catadioptric system.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to a multichannel imaging device, aimed at close-up imaging, i.e. imaging an object arranged at close distance as compared to the size of the device.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Compact imaging systems for close-up imaging having a large field of view are increasingly used in the fields of industrial vision, quality check, and document imaging, like in laboratory operations such as inspection of clinical samples.

[0003] An imaging device for close-up imaging typically comprises an object lens having a large diameter as compared to classic optics, for example comprised between 10mm and 40mm, so as to image a field of view corresponding to a surface of about one square centimeter or more. However, this device requires sophisticated and expensive lenses.

[0004] US 4,982,222 discloses a system comprising an array of gradient index optical fibers arranged in a row. A mechanical transverse scanning of the object by the array is compulsory to record a two-dimensional image. A significant drawback of this system is then a need for a stable mechanical structure for moving the array. Moreover, the gradient index optical fibers are not transparent to UV illumination, limiting their utility in applications such as the observation of UV fluorescent dyes or UV photolithography.

[0005] USRE28162 discloses an imaging system comprising a first two-dimensional array of lenses for imaging an object and a second two-dimensional array of lenses. Each lens of the first array is aligned with a respective lens of the second array, so as to form an array of optical channels. The image generated by the first array of lenses can then be reconstructed by the second array of lenses. Each array of lenses, referred to as a "lens mosaic", is made by molding a plastic transparent material. A portion of the object can be imaged by each optical channel. A complete image, formed with a large field of view, is thus obtained by the addition of the individual images generated by the different channels.

[0006] Völkel et al. (Völkel, R., Herzig, H. P., Nussbaum, P., Daendliker, R., & Hugle, W. B., 1996, Microlens array imaging system for photolithography. Optical Engineering, 35(11), 3323-3331) discloses a system also comprising superimposed lens arrays but having miniaturized lenses, the array having a lower pitch as compared to the lens array of US RE28162. Each lens of the array is made by melting resist on a glass substrate. An object, corresponding to a large field of view relative to the optical system, having for example a surface of 20 x 20 mm2, can be imaged with this system, with a resolution of 5 µm. However, the systems disclosed in USRE28162 and in Völkel et al. are subject to optical crosstalk between adjacent optical channels of the array, leading to image alteration.

[0007] Referring to figure 1, an optical system of the prior art can comprise one optical channel 20. The optical channel 20 has an optical axis 3 and a first lens 21. The numerical aperture NA of the optical system is defined by both the wall of the system, which is arranged parallel to the optical axis 3, and by the aperture diaphragm Dap. Considering an object point P1 located in the object plane πobj, an incident light ray coming from P1, whose propagation direction forms an angle with the optical axis 3 greater than the one allowed by the numerical aperture, is prevented from propagating towards an image plane πi by the aperture diaphragm Dap. Considering an object P2 also located in the object plane πobj, an incident light ray coming from P2 whose propagation direction forms an angle with the optical axis 3 greater the angle of an incident light ray when coming from P1, is no longer stopped by the aperture diaphragm but by the wall of the optical system. Thus, the aperture diaphragm Dap acts as a bandpass angular filter while the combination of the aperture diaphragm and the wall defines a true lowpass angular filter. The field of view can also be limited with a field diaphragm DFl, as can be seen for the optical rays emitted by the object point P1.

[0008] Referring to figure 2, another optical device of the prior art can comprise several superposed lens arrays. The optical device is subjected to crosstalk between the different optical channels 20. A lens array 23 commonly comprises lenses covering a substrate made of a transparent material. Contrary to the optical system illustrated in figure 1, the optical system illustrated in figure 2 has no absorptive walls between the neighboring optical channels 20. Considering an object P3 located in the object plane πobj, when the light ray emitted by P3 is propagating towards the optical system following an angle with the optical axis 3 lower than a predetermined angle, the light ray propagates through the optical device in the same optical channel 20. For example, under the predetermined angle, a light ray from P3 propagates through the optical channels ch0 or ch1, and the image P'3 of P3 is correctly made on the image plan πi. Over the predetermined angle, as illustrated by the light ray (a), crosstalk occurs between neighboring optical channels 20 and an image of P3 cannot be correctly obtained, resulting in an alteration of the overall image of the object.

[0009] Therefore, optical devices of the prior art usually comprise collimation systems in order to pre-filter, i.e. not emit the light having high angular frequencies at the entrance of the optical device. This solution has several disadvantages: it does not result in a system having a high numerical aperture and is not adapted for imaging objects emitting an isotropic light, such as fluorescent objects (which are often used in biological microscopy).

[0010] Referring to figure 3, the crosstalk between adjacent optical channels 20 can be partially limited by adding several diaphragms 22 in and/or over the different lens arrays to partially reconstruct a lowpass angular filter. This solution is sufficient to remove crosstalk only for low aperture imaging systems. However, it is not adapted for imaging objects emitting an isotropic light, such as fluorescent objects. The light rays having angular frequencies beyond a predetermined limit are indeed not completely filtered. Moreover, the addition of the diaphragms implies a general loss in homogeneity of optical performance, especially resulting in variation of brightness across the image.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0011] A device for optical close-up imaging has been developed to respond at least partially to the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art. The device for optically imaging at least a part of an object, has an optical axis and comprises:
  • a two-dimensional first array of first microlenses, having a first side intended to face the object, and a second side, opposite the first side,
  • a two-dimensional second array of second microlenses,
each first microlens being aligned with a second microlens on an axis parallel to the optical axis,
wherein each first microlens comprises a first catoptric system, and preferably a first catadioptric system.

[0012] In further optional aspects of the invention:
  • the first array is arranged between the second array and the object,
  • each first microlens and said second microlens aligned with said first microlens form a unitary optical system, the first microlens and the second microlens of the unitary optical system being symmetrical relative to a plane perpendicular to the optical axis,
  • the first array comprises:
    • a first slide of transparent material arranged to face the object,
    • a first two-dimensional array of thin film secondary mirrors covering the first slide, each secondary mirror being adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side opposite the object relative to the first slide,
    • a second slide of transparent material, the first slide being arranged between the object and the second slide,
    • a second two-dimensional array of thin film primary mirrors covering the second slide, each primary mirror being adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side facing the object relative to the second slide, each primary mirror comprising a hole in a center of the primary mirror, said hole being adapted to transmit light reflected by the secondary mirror through the primary mirror,
each first catoptric system comprising at least one of the primary mirrors of the second array of thin film primary mirrors and one of the secondary mirrors of the first array of thin film secondary mirrors,
  • each second microlens of the second array of second microlenses comprises a first catoptric system and preferably a first catadioptric system,
  • each primary mirror covers a surface of the second slide opposite to the object relative to the second slide, and each secondary mirror covers a surface of the first slide opposite to the object relative to the first slide,
  • each primary mirror covers a surface of the second slide facing the object, and each secondary mirror covers a surface of the first slide opposite to the object relative to the first slide,
  • the primary mirrors are concave and the secondary mirrors are convex,
  • the primary mirrors and the secondary mirrors are concave,
  • each first microlens comprises a dioptric microlens arranged between the primary mirror and the secondary mirror,
  • the dioptric microlens covers a surface of the secondary mirror,
  • each second microlens comprises a positive dioptric microlens arranged in the hole of the primary mirror of the first array,
  • each second microlens is a dioptric microlens, preferably comprising a third slide of transparent material and a positive microlens covering a side of the third slide facing the object relative to the third slide,
  • each second microlens comprises a second catoptric system comprising:
    • a third slide of transparent material arranged on a side opposite to the object relative to the first array,
    • a third two-dimensional array of thin film quaternary mirrors covering the third slide, each tertiary mirror being adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side opposite to the first array relative to the third slide,
    • a fourth slide of transparent material, the third slide being arranged between the first array and the fourth slide,
    • a fourth two-dimensional array of thin film tertiary mirrors covering the fourth slide, each quaternary mirror being adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side facing the first array relative to the fourth slide, each quaternary mirror comprising a hole in the quaternary mirror, said hole being adapted to transmit light reflected by the tertiary mirror through the quaternary mirror.


[0013] Another aspect of the invention is the use of the device according to an embodiment of the invention for imaging an object emitting an isotropic light, preferably for imaging a fluorescent object.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0014] The invention will be described by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
  • figure 1 diagrammatically illustrates a single optical channel of the prior art,
  • figure 2 diagrammatically illustrates another multichannel close-up optical device from the prior art wherein each lens array comprises a transparent substrate,
  • figure 3 diagrammatically illustrates a multichannel close-up imaging device from the prior art comprising diaphragms,
  • figure 4 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising an array of catoptric first lenses,
  • figure 5 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising two lenses, each lens comprising a Cassegrain combination of two reflectors,
  • figure 6 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising two lenses, each lens comprising another Cassegrain combination of two reflectors,
  • figure 7 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising two lenses, each lens comprising a Gregorian combination of reflectors,
  • figure 8 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising two lenses, each lens comprising a Newtonian combination of reflectors and dioptric lens,
  • figure 9 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising two lenses, each lens comprising another Cassegrain combination of reflectors,
  • figure 10 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising two lenses, one of the lenses comprising another Cassegrain combination of reflectors,
  • figure 11 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising two lenses, each lens comprising a Gregorian combination of reflectors,
  • figure 12 diagrammatically illustrates an optical device according to an embodiment of the invention comprising two lenses, one of the lenses comprising another Cassegrain combination of reflectors.

DEFINITIONS



[0015] The terms "catoptric system" will be used herein to designate an optical system comprising at least two mirrors adapted to form an image of an object.

[0016] The terms "catadioptric system" will be used herein to designate an optical system comprising at least two mirrors in combination with a refraction-based dioptric lens, said catadioptric system being adapted to form an image of an object.

[0017] The term "lens" will be used herein to designate an optical system adapted to focus or to disperse a light ray by means of refraction (using a dioptric system), or reflection (using a catoptric system), or both.

[0018] The term "convex" will be used herein to designate an object having a surface which has a protruding curvature relative to an incident light ray. Consequently, the terms "convex mirror" herein designate a mirror adapted to diverge a light ray, while the terms "convex dioptric lens" herein designate a dioptric lens adapted to converge a light ray.

[0019] The term "concave" will be used herein to designate an object having a surface which has a grooving curvature relative to an incident light ray. Consequently, the terms "concave mirror" herein designate a mirror adapted to converge a light ray, while the terms "concave dioptric lens" herein designate a dioptric lens adapted to diverge a light ray.

[0020] The term "positive" lens, respectively "negative" lens, will be used herein to designate a lens adapted to converge an incident light ray, respectively to diverge an incident light ray.

[0021] The term "microlens" will be used herein to designate a lens having a diameter lower than 2 mm, notably lower than 500 µm, and preferably lower than 300 µm.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED ASPECTS OF THE INVENTION



[0022] Referring to figure 4, the optical device 1 according to an embodiment of the invention is adapted to image at least a part of an object 2. The device 1 is preferably adapted for close-up imaging, i.e. imaging of an object arranged at a close distance from the optical device 1, notably closer than 2 cm and preferably closer than 1 cm.

[0023] The device 1 has an optical axis 3 along which different components of the optical device are aligned. The device 1 comprises at least a two-dimensional first array 4 of first microlenses 5. The two-dimensional first array 4 forms preferably a plane perpendicular to the optical axis 3, each of the first microlenses 5 being aligned on an axis parallel to the optical axis 3. The first array 4 has a first side intended to face the object 2, and a second side opposite the first side.

[0024] Each of the first microlenses 5 comprises at least a first catoptric system 8, and preferably a first catadioptric system. The first catoptric system comprises preferably at least two reflective components: a primary mirror 14 and a secondary mirror 12. Each mirror (primary mirror 15 or secondary mirror 12) has an optical axis aligned with the optical axis 3.

[0025] Each first microlens 5 forms a first optical channel 24, coming from the object 2 to the first microlens 5. The first optical channel 24 has a diameter Dch1. Each first microlens 5 also forms a second optical channel 25 from the side of the first microlens 5 opposite the object 2 towards a direction opposite the object 2. The second optical channel 25 has a diameter Dch2. The first catoptric system allows forming a second optical channel 25 having a diameter Dch2 inferior to the diameter Dch1, preferably smaller than 0,3 times Dch1. These conditions between diameters of the optical channels allow for avoiding crosstalk between the different adjacent optical channels of adjacent first microlenses 5. Moreover, the first catoptric system allows for a shortened focal length of the first microlens 5 compared with a pure dioptric microlens 5. Hence, it is possible to form an intermediate image from the first microlens 5 smaller than an intermediate image formed by a pure dioptric microlens. Finally, the first microlens 5 comprising the catoptric system allows for increasing the field of view of the optical device 1 compared with an optical device 1 comprising an array of pure dioptric lenses facing the object 2.

[0026] Another aspect of the invention is the use of the device 1 for imaging an object 2 emitting an isotropic light, and preferably for imaging a fluorescent object. The fluorescent object can be for example a fluorescent dye or a fluorophore. Because the optical device 1 allows for imaging the object 2 with a wider field of view compared with optical devices of the prior art, the use of the device 1 is particularly adapted for imaging an object emitting an isotropic light. Preferably, the device 1 is used for imaging a set of fluorescent dyes arranged in the object plane of the device.

[0027] The optical device 1 comprises a two-dimensional array 6 of second microlenses 7. The two-dimensional second array 6 forms preferably a plane perpendicular to the optical axis 3, each of the second microlenses 7 being aligned on an axis parallel to the optical axis 3. Each second microlens 7 is aligned with a first microlens 5 on an axis parallel to the optical axis 3, forming a unitary optical system comprising the first microlens 5 and the second microlens 7. Each second microlens 7 can be chosen between at least a pure dioptric microlens and a catoptric microlens, preferably a catadioptric microlens.

[0028] Referring to figure 5, the first array 4 can comprise a first slide 11 of transparent material arranged to face the object 2. The first slide 11 can be for example a glass slide or a glass wafer.

[0029] The first array 4 can further comprise a first two-dimensional array of thin film secondary mirrors 12, each secondary mirror 12 covering the first slide 11. The two-dimensional array of thin film secondary mirrors 12 forms preferably a plane perpendicular to the optical axis 3.

[0030] Each secondary mirror 12 is adapted to reflect at least a light ray coming from a side opposite the object 2 relative to the first slide 11. The mirrors of the different embodiments of the invention can be fabricated by standard microlens fabrication and deposition processes, comprising for example melting resist technology, imprint technology, and/or deposition processes. An array of secondary mirrors 12 can be fabricated for example by lift-off deposition of a thin reflective material layer, preferably a thin metal layer. The metal used for the fabrication of the mirrors can be chosen between aluminium, silver, gold.

[0031] The first array 4 can further comprise a second slide 13 of transparent material, the first slide 11 being arranged between the object 2 and the second slide 13. A second two-dimensional array of thin film primary mirrors 14 covers the second slide 13. Each primary mirror 14 is adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side facing the object 2 relative to the second slide 13. Each primary mirror 14 comprises a hole 15, said hole 15 being adapted to transmit light reflected by the secondary mirror 12 through the primary mirror 14. The hole 15 is preferably fabricated in the center of the primary mirror 14.

[0032] The first slide 11, the first array of secondary mirrors 12, the second slide 13 and the second array of secondary mirrors 14 allow to fabricated the two-dimensional first array 4 of first microlenses 5, each first microlens 5 comprising a catoptric system. The catoptric system comprises the primary mirror 14 and the secondary mirror 12. Referring to figure 5, each first microlens 5 can then be designed as a Cassegrain reflector.

[0033] Preferably, the optical device 1 can also comprise a third slide 16 of transparent material arranged on a side opposite to the object 2 relative to the first array 4. The third slide 16 can be for example a glass slide or a glass wafer.

[0034] A third two-dimensional array of thin film quaternary mirrors 17 can cover the third slide 16. The two-dimensional array of thin film quaternary mirrors 17 forms preferably a plane perpendicular to the optical axis 3. Each quaternary mirror 17 is adapted to reflect at least a light ray coming from a side opposite the object 2 relative to the third slide 16.

[0035] The optical device 1 can further comprise a fourth slide 18 of transparent material, the third slide 16 being arranged between the first array 4 and the fourth slide 18. A fourth two-dimensional array of thin film tertiary mirrors 19 covers the fourth slide. Each tertiary mirror 19 is adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side facing the object 2 relative to the fourth slide 18. Each tertiary mirror 17 comprises a hole 15, said hole 15 being adapted to transmit light reflected by the secondary mirror 12 through the primary mirror 14.

[0036] The third slide 16, the third array of quaternary mirrors 17, the fourth slide 18 and the fourth array of tertiary mirrors 17 allow to fabricated the two-dimensional second array 6 of second microlenses 7, each second microlens 7 comprising a second catoptric system. The second catoptric system comprises the tertiary mirror 19 and the quaternary mirror 17. In reference to figure 5, each second microlens 7 can be then designed as a Cassegrain reflector.

[0037] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the first microlens 5 and the second microlens 7 of the unitary optical system are symmetrical relative to a plane 10 perpendicular to the optical axis 3. Because of the symmetry between the catoptric first microlens 5 and the catoptric second microlens 7, it is possible to remove comatic aberrations of the optical device 1, like coma and distortion.

[0038] The mirrors (the primary mirror 14 and/or the secondary mirror 12 and/or the tertiary mirror 19 and/or the quaternary mirror 17) can have a reflective surface forming a spherical surface or an aspherical surface. A mirror having a reflective surface forming an aspherical surface allows to mitigate, preferably to avoid, spherical aberration.

[0039] Each primary mirror 14 can cover a surface of the second slide opposite to the object 2 relative to the second slide 13, and each secondary mirror 12 can cover a surface of the first slide opposite to the object 2 relative to the first slide 11.

[0040] The first microlenses 5 can be mounted in a Cassegrain design: the primary mirrors 14 of the first array 4 can be concave and the secondary mirrors 12 of the first array 4 can be convex.

[0041] In reference to figure 6, each primary mirror 14 can cover a surface of the second slide 13 facing the object 2, and each secondary mirror 12 can cover a surface of the first slide 11 opposite to the object 2 relative to the first slide 11.

[0042] In reference to figure 7, both the primary mirrors 14 and the secondary mirrors 12 can be concave. Then, each first microlens 5 comprises a catoptric system mounted in a Gregorian design. A Gregorian design allows an intermediate image plane of the device 1 to be shifted away from the object 2 along the optical axis 3 compared to a Cassegrain design.

[0043] In reference to figure 8, each first microlens 5 can comprise a dioptric microlens, preferably a pure dioptric microlens arranged between the primary mirror 14 and the secondary mirror 12. Each first microlens 5 can be mounted in a Newtonian design. The primary mirrors 14 can be concave and the secondary mirrors 12 can be flat. The secondary mirrors 12 cover the side of the first slide 11 opposite the object 2 relative to the first slide 11, and a positive pure dioptric microlens covers each secondary mirror 12.

[0044] In reference to figure 9, each of the first microlenses 5 can be mounted in a Cassegrain catadioptric design. The primary mirrors 14 can be concave and the secondary mirrors 12 can be convex. The secondary mirrors 12 cover the side of the first slide 11 opposite the object 2 relative to the first slide 11, and a negative pure dioptric microlens covers each secondary mirror 12. This configuration allows the intermediate image plane 10 to be shifted away from the object 2 along the optical axis 3, and to reduce the obturation ratio compared to other Cassegrain configurations.

[0045] In reference to figure 10, each second microlens 7 can be a dioptric microlens, preferably comprising a third slide 16 of transparent material and a positive microlens covering a side of the third slide 16 facing the object 2 relative to the third slide 16. For example, the first microlens 5 can be mounted in a Cassegrain design, i.e. the primary mirrors 14 of the first array 4 can be concave and the secondary mirrors 12 of the first array 4 can be convex. The second microlenses 7 can be pure dioptric positive microlenses. Preferably, each second microlens 7 can be a collimator assembly of pure dioptric microlenses.

[0046] In reference to figure 11, the first microlenses 5 can be mounted in a Gregorian design, the primary mirrors being concave, the secondary mirrors being also concave and each secondary mirror being covered by a positive pure dioptric microlens, on the side opposite the object 2 relative to the first slide 11. This configuration allows for the intermediate image plane 10 to be shifted away from the object plane 2 along the optical axis 3, and to reduce the obturation ratio compared to Cassegrain configurations.

[0047] In reference to figure 12, each second microlens 7 can comprise a positive dioptric microlens arranged in the hole 15 of the primary mirror 14 of the first array 4. The first microlenses 5 can for example be mounted in a Cassegrain design, the first mirrors 14 being concave, the second mirrors 12 being convex, and the second microlenses 7 comprising a positive pure dioptric microlens inserted in the hole 15.

[0048] In any embodiment of the invention, each unitary optical system can comprise both a positive microlens and a micronegative lens, so as to minimize or to avoid the Petzval effect. This allows the imaging device 1 to form a flat-field image of the object 2.


Claims

1. A device (1) for optically imaging at least a part of an object (2), the device having an optical axis (3) and comprising:

- a two-dimensional first array (4) of first microlenses (5), having a first side intended to face the object, and a second side, opposite the first side,

- a two-dimensional second array (6) of second microlenses (7),

each first microlens (5) being aligned with a second microlens (7) on an axis parallel to the optical axis,
wherein each first microlens (5) comprises a first catoptric system (8), and preferably a first catadioptric system.
 
2. The device (1) according to claim 1, wherein the first array (4) is arranged between the second array 6 and the object (2).
 
3. The device (1) according to claims 1 or 2, wherein each first microlens (5) and said second microlens (7) aligned with said first microlens (5) form a unitary optical system (9), and the first microlens (5) and the second microlens (7) of the unitary optical system are symmetrical relative to a plane (10) perpendicular to the optical axis.
 
4. The device (1) according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first array (4) comprises:

- a first slide (11) of transparent material arranged to face the object (2),

- a first two-dimensional array of thin film secondary mirrors (12) covering the first slide (11), each secondary mirror (12) being adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side opposite the object (2) relative to the first slide (11),

- a second slide (13) of transparent material, the first slide (11) being arranged between the object (2) and the second slide (13),

- a second two-dimensional array of thin film primary mirrors (14) covering the second slide (13), each primary mirror (14) being adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side facing the object (2) relative to the second slide (13), each primary mirror (14) comprising a hole (15), said hole (15) being adapted to transmit light reflected by the secondary mirror (12) through the primary mirror (14),

each first catoptric system (8) comprising at least one of the primary mirrors (14) of the second array of thin film primary mirrors (14) and one of the secondary mirrors of the first array of thin film secondary mirrors (12).
 
5. The device (1) according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein each microlens of the second array of microlenses (5) comprises a first catoptric system (8) and preferably a first catadioptric system.
 
6. The device (1) according to claim 4 or 5, wherein:

- each primary mirror (14) covers a surface of the second slide opposite to the object (2) relative to the second slide (13), and

- each secondary mirror (12) covers a surface of the first slide opposite to the object (2) relative to the first slide (11).


 
7. The device (1) according to any of claims 4 or 5, wherein:

- each primary mirror (14) covers a surface of the second slide (13) facing the object (2), and

- each secondary mirror (12) covers a surface of the first slide (11) opposite to the object (2) relative to the first slide (11).


 
8. The device (1) according to any of claims 4 to 7, wherein the primary mirrors (14) are concave and the secondary mirrors (12) are convex.
 
9. The device according to any of claims 4 to 8, wherein the primary mirrors (14) and the secondary mirrors (12) are concave.
 
10. The device (1) according to any of claims 4 to 9, wherein each first microlens (5) comprises a dioptric microlens arranged between the primary mirror (14) and the secondary mirror (12).
 
11. The device (1) according to claim 10, wherein the dioptric microlens covers a surface of the secondary mirror (12).
 
12. The device (1) according to any of claims 4 to 11, wherein each second microlens (7) comprises a positive dioptric microlens arranged in the hole (15) of the primary mirror (14) of the first array (4).
 
13. The device (1) according to any of claims 1 to 12, wherein each second microlens (7) is a dioptric microlens, preferably comprising a third slide (16) of transparent material and a positive microlens covering a side of the third slide (16) facing the object (2) relative to the third slide (16).
 
14. The device (1) according to any of claims 1 to 13, wherein each second microlens (7) comprises a second catoptric system comprising:

- a third slide (16) of transparent material arranged on a side opposite to the object (2) relative to the first array (4),

- a third two-dimensional array of thin film quaternary mirrors (17) covering the third slide (16), each tertiary mirror (17) being adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side opposite to the first array (4) relative to the third slide (16),

- a fourth slide (18) of transparent material, the third slide (16) being arranged between the first array (4) and the fourth slide (18),

- a fourth two-dimensional array of thin film tertiary mirrors (19) covering the fourth slide (18), each quaternary mirror (19) being adapted to reflect a light ray coming from a side facing the first array (4) relative to the fourth slide (18), each quaternary mirror (19) comprising a hole (15) in the quaternary mirror, said hole (15) being adapted to transmit light reflected by the tertiary mirror through the quaternary mirror (19).


 
15. The use of the device (1) according to any of claims 1 to 14, for imaging an object (2) emitting an isotropic light, preferably for imaging a fluorescent object (2).
 




Drawing
















Search report












Search report




Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description