(19)
(11)EP 3 696 995 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
19.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/34

(21)Application number: 20169444.5

(22)Date of filing:  30.07.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04B 7/26(2006.01)
H04W 56/00(2009.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.07.2013 CN 201310325414
13.02.2014 CN 201410050500

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
14831921.3 / 3028391

(71)Applicant: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Gyeonggi-do 16677 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • LI, Yingyang
    Beijing, Beijing 100125 (CN)
  • SUN, Chengjun
    Beijing, Beijing 100125 (CN)

(74)Representative: Nederlandsch Octrooibureau 
P.O. Box 29720
2502 LS The Hague
2502 LS The Hague (NL)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 14.04.2020 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)METHOD AND APPARATUS OF CONFIGURING TIMING OF UPLINK TRANSMISSION


(57) The present disclosure is to provide a method and an apparatus for configuring timing of an uplink, UL, transmission of a carrier aggregation, CA, system, the method comprising: obtaining, by a user equipment, UE, information related to a time advance offset for the CA system, receiving, by the UE, information on a timing advance for the CA system that includes a first cell and a second cell, wherein the information on the timing advance is configured by a base station, BS, for the first cell, adjusting, by the UE, a starting timing of a UL subframe in the second cell participating in the CA system based on the time advance offset and the information on the timing advance, and transmitting data based on the adjusted starting timing of the UL subframe, wherein the time advance offset is applied for a random access process.




Description

[Technical Field]



[0001] The present disclosure relates to wireless communications systems, and particularly, to a method and an apparatus of configuring timing for uplink transmission in a system where carrier aggregation (CA) is applied to both frequency division duplex (FDD) cells and time division duplex (TDD) cells.

[Background Art]



[0002] 3GPP LTE (Long-Term Evolution) systems support both FDD and TDD.

[0003] Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a frame structure of an FDD system.

[0004] As shown in Fig. 1, in an FDD system, each radio frame (101) has a length of 10ms, and includes 10 subframes. Each subframe (103) has a length of 1ms, and contains two time slots (105) each of which lasts 0.5ms, i.e., the k'th subframe contains time slot 2k and time slot 2k+1, k=0,1,...,9.

[0005] Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating a frame structure of a TDD system.

[0006] As shown in Fig. 2, in a TDD system, each radio frame (201) of 10ms is divided into two equal half-frames each of which lasts 5ms. Each half-frame (203) includes 8 time slots each of which lasts 0.5ms, and 3 special fields, i.e. Downlink Pilot Time Slot (DwPTS) (211), Guarding Period (GP) (213) and Uplink Pilot Time Slot (UpPTS) (215). The 3 special fields altogether last 1ms . Each subframe (205) is composed of two consecutive time slots (207), i.e., the k'th subframe includes time slot 2k and time slot 2k+1. A downlink transmission time interval (TTI) is defined in a subframe.

[0007] A TDD system supports 7 types of uplink/downlink (UL/DL) configurations, as shown in Table 1. In the table, D denotes a downlink subframe, U denotes an uplink subframe, S denotes a special subframe including the 3 special fields.
[Table 1]
LTE TDD UL/DL configuration
Configurati on serial numberSwitch- point periodicitySub-frame ID
  0123456789
0 5ms D S U U U D s U U U
1 5ms D S U U D D S U U D
2 5ms D S U D D D S U D D
3 10ms D S U U U D D D D D
4 10ms D S U U D D D D D D
5 10ms D S U D D D D D D D
6 5ms D S U U U D S U U D


[0008] The frame structures shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are ideal frame structures of LTE systems. In practice, a base station and a UE may have different timing for sending and receiving subframes due to propagation delay. In an FDD system, timing of UL/DL subframes of a base station are generally aligned. In a TDD system, a time interval is generally added between a UL subframe and a DL subframe to allow the base station to transit from a receiving state to a sending state. According to LTE TDD standards, the time interval is 20us, i.e., timing for receiving a UL subframe by a base station is 20us prior to ideal subframe timing.

[0009] Fig. 3 illustrates a method of determining starting timing of sending a UL subframe by a UE.

[0010] The UE takes timing of a DL signal received from the base station as a reference for determining UL starting timing. Due to propagation delay, the UE needs to advance the transmission of the UL signal by a certain time period to guarantee the UL signal of the UE satisfies a required timing relation when received by the base station. The time advance (TA) (301) of the UE is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds. TS is a sampling interval obtained by using a sampling frequency of 30.72MHz. In an FDD system, NTA offset equals 0, and the base station adjusts transmission TA of a UE by adjusting the value of NTA to make boundaries of UL subframes and DL subframes aligned at the base station. In a TDD system, NTA offset equals the value of 624, NTA is configured by the base station. The TA actually used by the UE is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds, so that the timing of receiving the UL subframe at the base station is 20us prior to the ideal timing of TDD subframes, which provides time for the base station to transit from receiving to sending.

[0011] In an LTE system, a UE triggers a random access process by sending a random access preamble signal when attempting to access the system. The UE determines starting timing of preambles of physical random access channel (PRACH) preamble formats 0-3 by taking NTA=0. As such, for an FDD system, the starting timing of a PRACH preamble signal is directly obtained by using the timing for receiving DL signals from the base station; for a TDD system, the starting timing of a PRACH preamble signal is 20us prior to timing for receiving DL signals from the base station. With respect to PRACH preamble signal format 4, the UE determines timing of the end position of the UpPTS time slot by taking NTA=0, i.e., sending the preamble signal 4832 TS and 20us prior to the timing of receiving DL signals from the base station.

[0012] In an LTE-A (LTE-advanced) system, multiple CC (component carriers) are aggregated to obtain larger working bandwidth, i.e., CA (carrier aggregation). The aggregated carriers constitute downlink and uplink links in the communication system, therefore larger transmission rates can be achieved. A base station may configure a UE to work in multiple Cells which include a Pcell (Primary Cell) and multiple Scells (Secondary Cell). According to LTE Release 11, it is configured that HARQ-ACK of all Cells that are configured to be received by the UE is fed back in a UL subframe in a Pcell.

[Disclosure]


[Technical Problem]



[0013] According to LTE Release 11 specification, multiple Cells can only collaborate with each other through CA when they are working under the same duplexing mode. In order to further improve system performances, future studies focus on CA systems that support both aggregated FDD and aggregated TDD. But as illustrated above, FDD systems and TDD systems handle timing of uplink subframes differently, i.e., TDD systems uses an extra TA of 20us compared to FDD systems. There is urgent need for finding a way to coordinate timing of uplink transmission of FDD Cells and TDD cells within a CA system.

[Technical Solution]



[0014] The present disclosure is to provide a method of configuring timing of uplink (UL) transmission, comprising, receiving, by a user equipment (UE), configuration information on carrier aggregation (CA) of at least one frequency division duplex (FDD) cell and at least one time division duplex (TDD) cell; and adjusting, by the UE, starting timing of a UL subframe in a cell participating in the CA. The present disclosure is to provide an apparatus, comprising: a configuring module and an adjusting module, wherein the configuring module is configured to receive configuration information, and performing carrier aggregation (CA) of frequency division duplex (FDD) cells and time division duplex (TDD) cells according to the configuration information; and the adjusting module is configured to adjust starting timing of a UL subframe in a cell participating in the CA.

[Advantageous Effects]



[0015] The present disclosure is to provide a method enables UL subframes of multiple cells to have the same or similar starting timing in a CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells. In an example, starting timing of UL subframes in an FDD cells may be adjusted to be consistent with or similar to that of a TDD cell. Thus, overlap of two successive subframes resulted from non-aligned timing can be reduced, system performances can be improved, and the CA system's capability of anti-timing-offset can also be enhanced. The performance improvements are only reflected in those UEs that support CA of both FDD cells and TDD cells.

[Description of Drawings]



[0016] 

Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a frame structure of an FDD system;

Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating a frame structure of a TDD system;

*20Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating TA;

Fig. 4 is a flowchart illustrating a method of configuring timing of UL transmission in accordance with an example of the present disclosure; and

Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram illustrating modules of an apparatus in accordance with an example of the present disclosure.


[Mode for Invention]



[0017] The following description with reference to the accompanying drawings is provided to assist in a comprehensive understanding of exemplary embodiments of the disclosure as defined by the claims and their equivalents. It includes various specific details to assist in that understanding but these are to be regarded as merely exemplary. Accordingly, those of ordinary skilled in the art will recognize that various changes and modifications of the embodiments described herein can be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the disclosure. In addition, descriptions of well-known functions and constructions may be omitted for clarity and conciseness.

[0018] The terms and words used in the following description and claims are not limited to the bibliographical meanings, but, are merely used by the inventor to enable a clear and consistent understanding of the disclosure. Accordingly, it should be apparent to those skilled in the art that the following description of exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure is provided for illustration purpose only and not for the purpose of limiting the disclosure as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

[0019] It is to be understood that the singular forms "a," "an," and "the" include plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Thus, for example, reference to "a component surface" includes reference to one or more of such surfaces.

[0020] By the term "substantially" it is meant that the recited characteristic, parameter, or value need not be achieved exactly, but that deviations or variations, including for example, tolerances, measurement error, measurement accuracy limitations and other factors known to those of skill in the art, may occur in amounts that do not preclude the effect the characteristic was intended to provide.

[0021] In an LTE system working in only one duplexing mode, the manner of handling starting timing of an UL subframe is related with the duplexing mode according to LTE standards.

[0022] In an FDD cell, starting timing of a UL subframe sent by a UE is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe corresponding to the UL subframe received by the UE, and NTA offset =0.

[0023] In a TDD cell, starting timing of an UL subframe sent by a UE is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe corresponding to the UL subframe received by the UE, and NTA offset=624. NTA denotes the TA configured by a base station for the UE.

[0024] During initial random access, a UE determines starting timing for sending a PRACH preamble signal by using NTA=0. As such, the starting timing of UL subframes of the TDD system has an extra time advance (TA) of 20us compared to that of the FDD system to enable the base station to transit between sending and receiving.

[0025] In a CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells, if the manner defined in LTE Release 11 is re-used in each carrier, a UE may have a 20us offset between the starting timing of an FDD cell and a TDD cell, thus starting timing of UL subframes are not aligned. The non-aligned timing results in overlap of two successive subframes in the CA system. But LTE Release 11 standards provide no mechanism for optimizing system performances when the overlap occurs. Generally, system performances can be improved by aligning starting timing of UL subframes in UL carriers of a UE. In a CA system, if starting timing of UL subframes of a UE in multiple cells are not aligned, LTE Release 11 standards support a maximum timing offset of 31.3us amongst multiple cells for UL transmission. Since the maximum tolerable timing offset is only slightly larger than 20us, the timing offset of 20us can greatly impair the capabilities of anti-timing-offset of the system.

[0026] Based on the above analysis, the timing offset of UL subframes between FDD cells and TDD cells resulted in different duplexing modes adversely affect performances of a CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells. To address the above issues, examples of the present disclosure provide a method of configuring timing of UL transmission in a system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells.

[0027] Fig. 4 is a flowchart illustrating a method of configuring timing of UL transmission in accordance with an example of the present disclosure.

[0028] The method of the present disclosure may include the following procedures.

[0029] At block 401, a UE receives configuration information on carrier aggregation (CA) of at least one FDD cell and at least one TDD cell.

[0030] The configuration information may only specify that the system supports CA of both FDD cells and TDD cells. In another example, the configuration information may also include control information which is used for adjusting starting timing of UL subframes in cells. For example, the control information may be a parameter indicating a timing offset

The control information for starting timing of UL subframes may be sent in FDD cells only, or may be sent in both FDD cells and TDD cells.

[0031] At block 402, the UE adjusts starting timing of a UL subframe in a cell participating in the CA.

[0032] The starting timing of uplink subframes in one or multiple cells that participate in CA may be different from starting timing defined in LTE Release 11 for uplink subframes under the same duplexing mode.

[0033] An example of the manner of handling TA may include: adding a TA of NTA offset×TS to starting timing defined in LTE Release 11 for UL subframes in FDD cells.

[0034] Given that the NTA×TS seconds refers to the TA configured for a UE when the cell conforms to LTE Release 11, the TA of a UE is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds in a CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells. In an example, the TA configured by a base station for the UE may have already included the extra NTA offset×TS seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds. In another example, the base station may conform to LTE Release 11 and configure the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds NTA offset×TS seconds to the TA when performing UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds.

[0035] In the above examples, the NTA offset may be a pre-defined value. Alternatively, the NTA offset may also be a value decided by the base station or a value decided using other mechanisms that do not involve exchange of higher-layer signaling when the base station configures a TA which has already included the NTA offset×TS seconds. The value of NTA offset can keep the maximum timing offset of UL transmissions between TDD cells and FDD cells consistent with that in LTE Release 11 CA systems. In an example, when NTA offset=624, NTA offset×TS=20us, which enables starting timing of UL subframes in FDD cells to be consistent with that in TDD cells.

[0036] Another example of the manner of handling TA may include: making starting timing of a UL subframe of a UE

seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE in the cell based on control information for starting timing of UL subframes in the cell sent by the base station, e.g., a timing offset parameter

In the example, NTA×TS denotes the TA configured for the UE when the cell conforms to LTE Release 11. In an example, the TA configured by a base station for the UE may have already included the extra

seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be

seconds. In another example, the base station may conform to LTE Release 11 and configure the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds

seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is

seconds.

[0037] The

may be sent to all of UEs via broadcast signaling. Alternatively, the

may be configured individually for each UE through radio resource control (RRC) signaling. The method may be applied to FDD cells only, i.e., adding

seconds to the starting timing of UL subframes specified in LTE Release 11 to adjust starting timing of UL subframes in FDD cells. Alternatively, the method may be applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells, i.e., using

instead of NTAoffset=624 to generate an extra TA of

in TDD cells. The value of

can keep the maximum timing offset of UL transmissions between TDD cells and FDD cells consistent with that in LTE Release 11 CA systems. In an example, when



which enables starting timing of UL subframes in FDD cells to be consistent with that in TDD cells.

[0038] The method as shown in Fig. 4 enables UL subframes of multiple cells to have the same or similar starting timing in a CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells. In an example, starting timing of UL subframes in an FDD cells may be adjusted to be consistent with or similar to that of a TDD cell. Thus, overlap of two successive subframes resulted from non-aligned timing can be reduced, system performances can be improved, and the CA system's capability of anti-timing-offset can also be enhanced. The performance improvements are only reflected in those UEs that support CA of both FDD cells and TDD cells.

[0039] The following are a few examples of adjusting starting timing of UL subframes in cells.

Example one



[0040] According to the above analysis, timing of a base station receiving UL subframes in a cell may be adjusted in a CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells to make starting timing of UL subframes of a UE in FDD cells and TDD cells become consistent with or close to each other. Suppose a UE works only in one of the cells. Since timing of UL subframes in a cell has been adjusted on the basis of the timing specified in LTE Release 11 for the same duplexing mode, starting timing of UL subframes of a UE needs to be adjusted accordingly to improve system performance.

[0041] Taking the random access process in an FDD system as an example, if a UE still follows the random access process as defined in LTE Release 11, performances of the random access may be dissatisfactory. Suppose PRACH format 0 is configured, the CP length is 3168 • Ts, an effective preamble sequence has a length of 24576 • Ts, and the guarding period following the random access preamble is 2976 • Ts, i.e., approximately 97us. The PRACH format 0 can support a maximum cell coverage radius of 14.5 km. In a CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells, suppose the timing of receiving UL subframes in an FDD cell has been advanced by 20us to be consistent with the timing of UL subframes in a TDD cell. If a UE determines starting timing of a PRACH preamble in the FDD cell still using the manner defined for an LTE single carrier system, this situation equivalent to that the guarding period following the random access preamble is reduced by 20us, i.e., the maximum cell coverage radius of the PRACH format 0 is reduced by 3km, i.e., 11.5km.

[0042] In the CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells, when a UE works in only one cell, the cell may be an FDD cell or a TDD cell. In an example, a solution may include making starting timing of an UL subframe to be sent by the UE (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds prior to the starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the cell at block 402.

[0043] The NTA×TS denotes the TA configured for the UE when the cell conforms to LTE Release 11. The NTA offset×TS denotes an additional TA to be added to the cell obtained by using the first manner of handling TA in block 402, e.g., NTA offset=624. The NTA×TS denotes the TA configured for the UE when the cell conforms to LTE Release 11. In an example, the base station may configure a TA for the UE which has already included the extra NTA offset×TS seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be (NTA+NTA offfsetTS seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds NTA offset×TS seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds. In an example, the UE may use NTA=0 during an initial random access process, i.e., for the mechanism where it is pre-defined that NTA offset=624, the starting timing for sending the PRACH pre-amble signal may be determined to be NTA offset×TS=20us prior to the starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the cell. As such, the cell coverage of the PRACH pre-amble signal can be maintained unchanged.

[0044] In the CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells, another method may include configuring a timing offset parameter

for the cell at block 401.

denotes the TA to be added to the cell obtained by using the second manner of handling TA in block 402. The

may be sent via broadcast signaling, or may be sent to each UE via RRC signaling. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra

seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be

seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds

seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is

seconds. The

may be configured for FDD cells only, or be configured for all of cells regardless of duplexing modes.

[0045] When a UE works only in a cell that has configured with

if the

is configured for the cell via broadcast signaling in block 402, the UE may take the

into consideration when performing random access and transmitting other UL data and control information, i.e., the starting timing of UL subframes sent by the UE is

seconds prior to the starting timing of DL subframes received by the UE from the cell. The NTA×TS denotes the TA configured for the UE when the cell conforms to LTE Release 11. During random access, NTA=0, and the UE determines the TA of the random access preamble signal is

based on the configured parameter

As such, the cell coverage supported by the PRACH preamble signal can be maintained unchanged, and transmission performances of other UL data and control information are also guaranteed.

[0046] When the UE works only in one cell that has configured with

if the

is configured for the cell via RRC signaling in block 402, the UE only takes the

into consideration during transmission of UL data and control information after the UE has accessed the cell in the system, i.e., starting timing of UL subframes sent by the UE is

seconds prior to starting timing of DL subframes received by the UE from the cell. This guarantees transmission performances of UL data and control information.

Example two



[0047] In a CA system where CA is applied to both FDD cells and TDD cells, timing of a base station receiving UL subframes in a cell may be adjusted to make starting timing of UL subframes of a UE in FDD cells and TDD cells become consistent with or close to each other. Suppose a UE has accessed a cell in the CA system, and the cell is a Pcell. When the UE needs to be configured to work in another cell, e.g., an Scell, starting timing of an UL subframe of the UE also needs to be adjusted to guarantee system performances.

[0048] There are three situations.

[0049] In the first possible situation,
suppose the Scell newly added belongs to a TA group (TAG) to which the Pcell belongs, UL transmission in the Scell uses the same TA with that used in the Pcell. The Scell may be an FDD cell or a TDD cell. NTA×TS denotes the TA configured for the UE when the Pcell conforms to LTE Release 11.

[0050] Supposing the Pcell is an FDD cell and starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE in the Pcell is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds (e.g., NTA offset=0) prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE in the Pcell according a timing mechanism specified in LTE Release 11, starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE in the newly added Scell is (NTA+NTA offsetTS=NTA×TS seconds prior to starting timing of the DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell.

[0051] In another example, supposing the Pcell is an FDD cell and starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE in the Pcell is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds (e.g., NTA offset×TS=20us) prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE in the Pcell, starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE in the Scell is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds prior to starting timing of the DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell. NTA offset×TS denotes the TA to be added to the Pcell obtained by using the first manner of handling TA in block 402. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra NTA offset×TS seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds NTA offset×TS seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds.

[0052] In yet another example, supposing the Pcell is an FDD cell and starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE in the Pcell is determined by using a timing offset parameter

which is sent through broadcast signaling or via RRC signaling, i.e., starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE is

seconds prior to the starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell, starting timing of the UE in the Scell may be

seconds prior to the starting timing of the DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell. The

denotes the TA to be added to the Pcell obtained by using the second manner of handling TA in block 402. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra

seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be

seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds

seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is

seconds.

[0053] Supposing the Pcell is a TDD cell and starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE in the Pcell is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds (e.g., NTA offset=624) prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell according a timing mechanism specified in LTE Release 11, starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE in the Scell may be (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds prior to the starting timing of the DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell. The NTA offset×TS denotes the TA to be added to the Pcell obtained by using the first manner of handling TA in block 402. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra NTA offset×TS seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds NTA offset×TS seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds.

[0054] In still another example, supposing the Pcell is a TDD cell and starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE in the Pcell is determined by using a timing offset parameter

which is sent through broadcast signaling or via RRC signaling, i.e., starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE is

seconds prior to the starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell, starting timing of the UE in the Scell may be

seconds prior to the starting timing of the DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell. The

denotes the TA to be added to the Pcell obtained by using the second manner of handling TA in block 402. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra

seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be

seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds

seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is

seconds.

[0055] In the second possible situation,
supposing the newly added Scell does not belong to the TAG to which the Pcell belongs, the Scell may be an FDD cell or a TDD cell, and a TAG to which the Scell belongs has already include at least one another Scell, starting timing of a UL subframe in the Scell may be determined according to starting timing of UL subframes in a second Scell which is used for determining UL timing in the TAG to which the Scell belongs. The process is similar to the above method for determining starting timing of UL subframes according to the Pcell with the Pcell in the above method replaced with the second Scell for determining UL timing in the TAG. The NTA×TS denotes the TA configured for the UE when the second Scell for determining UL timing conforms to LTE Release 11, the NTA offset×TS denotes the extra TA added to the second Scell, and the

denotes control information for starting timing of UL subframes sent by the second Scell.

[0056] In the third possible situation,
supposing the newly added Scell does not belong to the TAG to which the Pcell belongs and the Scell is the first Scell (: first and only member) in a TAG to which the Scell belongs, the base station needs to trigger the UE to perform random access in the Scell to obtain TA needed by the UE, and thus control UL transmission of the UE in the Scell. The Scell may be an FDD cell or a TDD cell. NTA×TS denotes the TA configured for the UE when the newly added Scell conforms to LTE Release 11.

[0057] In this third situation, one of possible manners is to make starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds (e.g., NTA offset=624) prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Scell in block 402. The NTA offset×TS denotes the TA to be added to the Scell obtained by using the first manner of handling TA in block 402. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra NTA offset×TS seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds NTA offset×TS seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds. In an example, the UE may use NTA offset=624 during an initial random access process, i.e., compared to the mechanism where it is pre-defined that NTA=0, the starting timing for sending the PRACH preamble signal may be determined to be NTA offset×TS=20us prior to the starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Scell. As such, the cell coverage of the PRACH preamble signal can be maintained unchanged.

[0058] Another possible manner may include configuring a timing offset parameter

for the Scell in block 401. The

denotes the TA to be added to the Scell obtained by using the second manner of handling TA in block 402. The

may be sent in broadcast signaling of the Scell, or sent to each UE via RRC signaling in the Scell. In an example, the

may be sent via RRC signaling sent by a Pcell for configuring the Scell.

[0059] At block 402, if the

is sent by the Pcell through RRC signaling for configuring the Scell, the UE may take the

into consideration when performing random access and transmitting other UL data and control information, i.e., starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE is

seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Scell. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra

seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be

seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds

seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is

seconds. During random access, NTA=0, and the UE determines the TA of the random access preamble signal is

based on the configured parameter

As such, the cell coverage supported by the PRACH preamble signal can be maintained unchanged, and transmission performances of other UL data and control information are also guaranteed.

[0060] In another example, at block 402, if the

is sent in the Scell through broadcast signaling, the UE may take the

into consideration when performing random access and transmitting other UL data and control information, i.e., starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE is

seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Scell. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra

seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be

seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds

seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is

seconds. During random access, NTA=0, and the UE determines the TA of the random access preamble signal is

based on the configured parameter

As such, the cell coverage supported by the PRACH preamble signal can be maintained unchanged, and transmission performances of other UL data and control information are also guaranteed.

[0061] In another example, at block 402, if the

is sent in the Scell through RRC signaling, the UE may take the

into consideration when transmitting other UL data and control information after the UE has accessed the Scell in the system, i.e., starting timing of a UL subframe of the UE is

seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Scell. This guarantees transmission performances of UL data and control information. In an example, the base station may configured a TA for the UE which has already included the extra

seconds, i.e., the base station may configure the TA of the UE to be

seconds. In another example, the base station conforms to LTE Release 11 and configures the TA of the UE to be NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds

seconds to the TA during UL transmission, i.e., the actual TA is

seconds.

[0062] Corresponding to the above method, examples of the present disclosure also provide an apparatus.

[0063] Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram illustrating modules of the apparatus in accordance with an example of the present disclosure.

[0064] An apparatus (500) includes a transceiver (520) that transmits and receives various signals and a controller (510) that controls transmission and reception of a control channel and a communication signal through the transceiver (520). The controller (510) generally controls operations of the method described in Fig. 4 as well as the control of the transceiver 520. Accordingly, performance of any operation by the apparatus can be equally understood as performance of any operation by the controller (510) of the apparatus in the specification.

[0065] Although the transceiver (520) and the controller (510) may be implemented by separated modules, such as a Radio Frequency (RF) module and a processor, it should be noted that they can be implemented by a single module.

[0066] The controller (510) may include a configuring module (501) and an adjusting module (503).

[0067] The configuring module (501) is configured to receive configuration information, and performing carrier aggregation (CA) of frequency division duplex (FDD) cells and time division duplex (TDD) cells by using the configuration information; and the adjusting module (503) is configured to adjust starting timing of a UL subframe in a cell participating in the CA.

[0068] The controller (510) may include a processor and a memory, and the memory may store the communication signal transmitting/receiving operation in a form of instructions which can be read and executed by the processor.

[0069] The components of the apparatus, modules and the like used in the disclosure may operate by using a hardware circuit, for example, a combination of a complementary metal oxide semiconductor based logical circuit, firmware, software and/or hardware, and a combination of firmware and/or software inserted into a machine-readable medium. As an example, various electric configurations and methods may be carried out by using electric circuits such as transistors, logic gates, and an Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC).

[0070] Other aspects of the invention are provided in the below clauses.

CLAUSES



[0071] 

[Clause 1]
A method of configuring timing of uplink (UL) transmission, comprising,

receiving, by a user equipment (UE), configuration information on carrier aggregation (CA) of at least one frequency division duplex (FDD) cell and at least one time division duplex (TDD) cell; and

adjusting, by the UE, starting timing of a UL subframe in a cell participating in the CA.

[Clause 2]
The method of clause 1, wherein the configuration information comprises control information for adjusting the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell;
wherein the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises: adjusting, by the UE, the starting timing of the UL subframe by using the control information.

[Clause 3]
The method of clause 2, wherein when the UE is working in only one of cells that participate in the CA, the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises:
making the starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE in the cell

seconds prior to starting timing of a downlink (DL) subframe received by the UE from the cell, wherein the NTA denotes time advance (TA) configured for the cell when the cell conforms to LTE Release 11, the

denotes the control information for the cell.

[Clause 4]
The method of clause 2, wherein when an Scell is newly added, the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises:
if the Scell newly added belongs to a TA group (TAG) to which a Pcell belongs, making the starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE in the Scell

seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell, wherein the NTA denotes time advance (TA) configured for the Pcell when the Pcell conforms to LTE Release 11, and the

denotes control information for the Pcell.

[Clause 5]
The method of clause 2, wherein when an Scell is newly added, the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises:
if the Scell newly added does not belong to a TA group (TAG) to which a Pcell belongs and a TAG to which the Scell belongs has already had at least one other Scell configured, making the starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE in the Scell

seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe in the other Scell which is used for determining UL timing in the TAG which the Scell belongs; wherein the NTA denotes time advance (TA) configured for the other Scell for determining UL timing when the other Scell conforms to LTE Release 11, and the

denotes control information for the other Scell.

[Clause 6]
The method of clause 2, wherein when an Scell is newly added, the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises:
if the Scell does not belong to a TAG to which a Pcell belongs and the Scell is a first Scell in a TAG to which the Scell belongs, making the starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE in the Scell

seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE in the Scell; wherein the NTA denotes time advance (TA) configured for the Scell when the Scell conforms to LTE Release 11, and the

denotes control information for the Scell.

[Clause 7]
The method of any of clauses 4 to 6, wherein the control information is obtained from RRC signaling sent by the Pcell for configuring the Scell; or the control information is obtained from broadcast signaling from the Scell; or the control information is obtained from RRC signaling from the Scell.

[Clause 8]
The method of any of clauses 3 to 6, wherein TA configured by a base station is

seconds, and the UE performs UL transmission by using the TA; or TA configured by a base station is NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds

seconds to the TA during UL transmission.

[Clause 9]
The method of clause 1, wherein when the UE is working in only one of cells that participate in the CA, the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises:
making the starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE in the cell (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the cell, wherein the NTA offset×TS denotes a TA offset added to the cell, and the NTA×TS denotes TA configured for the cell when the cell conforms to LTE Release 11.

[Clause 10]
The method of clause 1, wherein when an Scell is newly added, the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises:
if the Scell newly added belongs to a TAG to which a Pcell belongs, making the starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE in the Scell (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE from the Pcell, wherein the NTA offset×TS denotes time offset for the Pcell, and the NTA×TS denotes TA configured for the Pcell when the Pcell conforms to LTE Release 11.

[Clause 11]
The method of clause 1, wherein when an Scell is newly added, the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises:
if the Scell newly added does not belong to a TAG to which a Pcell belongs and a TAG to which the Scell belongs has already had at least one other Scell configured, making the starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE in the Scell (NTA+NTA offset)×TS seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe in the other Scell for determining UL timing in the TAG which the Scell belongs; wherein the NTA offset×TS denotes time offset for UL timing of the other Scell, and the NTA×TS denotes TA configured for the other Scell when the other Scell conforms to LTE Release 11.

[Clause 12]
The method of clause 1, wherein when an Scell is newly added, the adjusting by the UE the starting timing of the UL subframe in the cell comprises:
if the Scell does not belong to a TAG to which a Pcell belongs and the Scell is the first Scell in the TAG to which the Scell belongs, making the starting timing of the UL subframe of the UE in the Scell (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds prior to starting timing of a DL subframe received by the UE in the Scell; wherein the NTA offset×TS denotes time offset for the Scell, and the NTA×TS denotes time advance (TA) configured for the Scell when the Scell conforms to LTE Release 11.

[Clause 13]
The method of any of clauses 9 to 12, wherein TA configured by a base station is (NTA+NTA offsetTS seconds, and the UE performs UL transmission by using the TA; or TA configured by a base station is NTA×TS seconds, and the UE adds NTA offset×TS seconds to the TA during UL transmission.

[Clause 14]
An apparatus, comprising:

a configuring module and an adjusting module, wherein the configuring module is configured to receive configuration information, and performing carrier aggregation (CA) of frequency division duplex (FDD) cells and time division duplex (TDD) cells according to the configuration information; and

the adjusting module is configured to adjust starting timing of a UL subframe in a cell participating in the CA.

[Clause 15]
The apparatus of clause 14, wherein the apparatus is adapted to operate the method according to one of clauses 2 to 13.




Claims

1. A method of configuring timing of an uplink, UL, transmission of a carrier aggregation, CA, system, the method comprising:

obtaining, by a user equipment, UE, information related to a time advance offset for the CA system;

receiving, by the UE, information on a timing advance for the CA system that includes a first cell and a second cell, wherein the information on the timing advance is configured by a base station, BS, for the first cell;

adjusting, by the UE, a starting timing of a UL subframe in the second cell participating in the CA system based on the time advance offset and the information on the timing advance; and

transmitting data based on the adjusted starting timing of the UL subframe,

wherein the time advance offset is applied for a random access process.


 
2. The method of claim 1, wherein adjusting, by the UE, the starting timing of the UL subframe in the second cell comprises:
making the starting timing of the UL subframe in the second cell (the information on the timing advance + the time advance offset) * (a timing unit) seconds prior to a starting timing of a downlink, DL, subframe in the second cell in a time advance group, TAG, to which the first cell belongs.
 
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the information related to the time advance offset is obtained from a radio resource control, RRC, signal sent by the first cell.
 
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the information related to the time advance offset is obtained from a radio resource control, RRC, signal sent by the second cell.
 
5. The method of claim 1, wherein a starting timing of a UL subframe in the first cell participating in the CA system is adjusted by using the time advance offset and the information on the timing advance.
 
6. The method of claim 1, wherein the time advance offset is pre-defined.
 
7. An apparatus comprising:

a transceiver coupled to at least one processor; and

a memory coupled to the at least one processor,

the at least one processor configured to:

obtain information related to a time advance offset for a carrier aggregation, CA, system,

receive information on a timing advance for the CA system that includes a first cell and a second cell, wherein the information on the timing advance is configured by a base station, BS, for the first cell,

adjust a starting timing of a UL subframe in the second cell participating in the CA system based on the time advance offset and the information on the timing advance, and

transmit data based on the adjusted starting timing of the UL subframe,

wherein the time advance offset is applied for a random access process.


 
8. The apparatus of claim 7,
wherein the at least one processor is configured to make the starting timing of the UL subframe in the second cell (the information on the timing advance + the time advance offset) * (a timing unit) seconds prior to a starting timing of a downlink, DL, subframe in the second cell in a time advance group, TAG, to which the first cell belongs.
 
9. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the information related to the time advance offset is obtained from a radio resource control, RRC, signal sent by the first cell.
 
10. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the information related to the time advance offset is obtained from a radio resource control, RRC, signal sent by the second cell.
 
11. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein a starting timing of a UL subframe in the first Scell participating in the CA system is adjusted by using the time advance offset and the information on the timing advance.
 
12. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the time advance offset is pre-defined.
 




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