(19)
(11)EP 3 700 183 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
16.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/51

(21)Application number: 19158264.2

(22)Date of filing:  20.02.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04N 5/225  (2006.01)
G08B 13/196  (2006.01)

(54)

CAMERA

KAMERA

APPAREIL PHOTOGRAPHIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/35

(73)Proprietor: Axis AB
223 69 Lund (SE)

(72)Inventor:
  • Hiroyuki, Ide
    Tokyo, 146-8501 (JP)

(74)Representative: AWA Sweden AB 
P.O. Box 5117
200 71 Malmö
200 71 Malmö (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2019/183604
US-A1- 2017 307 841
US-A1- 2012 062 789
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field



    [0001] The present invention refers to a dome camera comprising a housing, a lens holder, a lens, and an image sensor.

    Technical background



    [0002] Surveillance cameras are typically arranged in areas where they may be subjected to an external violence trying to damage the camera. One type of surveillance cameras are those of the dome type, where a translucent dome provides a protective casing while still allowing a wide surveillance field. To prevent the surveillance camera from exterior violence, all exterior components, such as the dome and the mounting base should be made impact resistant. As one measure, it is often preferred that there is a distance between the inner wall of the dome and the front of the lens. The distance will protect the lens in the event the dome should be broken or indented. Also, the distance should allow the camera to be tilted inside the dome while still maintaining a fixed distance between the free end of the lens and the inner surface of the dome. In the event the camera is of the type where the lens is interchangeable, this may cause a problem since, if the lens should be changed into a shorter or longer lens, the distance between the free end of the lens and the inner surface of the dome will be changed. Especially, if the lens is changed into a longer one, the free end of the lens will come closer to the inner wall of the dome. The straight forward solution would simply be to design the housing so that the free end of the original lens, i.e. the standard lens, is arranged further away from the dome to thereby allow an extra space to accommodate also a longer lens. This is however not a satisfactory solution since the distance between the lens and the inner surface of the dome as a rule of thumb should be kept short in order to avoid reflections. Also, a larger housing adds to the bulkiness of the housing.

    [0003] US 2012/0062789A1 discloses an imaging apparatus with an elastically supported lens unit. The lens unit can perform a retreat operation in an opposite direction from an object and along an optical axis direction of the lens unit when a force is applied thereto from a dome cover.

    [0004] WO2019/183604A1, having a filing date prior to the filing date of the present application, but published afterwards and hence being relevant to novelty only, discloses a self-aligning lens holder which includes elements that register against an image sensor chip to align the holder and lens with the chip.

    [0005] There is hence a need for a camera that allows an interchangeable lens while still allowing the distance between the free end of the lens and the inner surface of the dome to be fixed.

    Summary



    [0006] One object of the present invention is to provide a surveillance camera of the dome type where the lens is easily interchangeable while at the same time allowing the distance between the free end of the lens and the inner surface of the dome to be fixed.

    [0007] These and other objects are solved by a dome camera comprising a housing,
    a
    lens, a lens holder and an image sensor, wherein
    the image sensor is supported by the lens holder;
    the lens holder comprises a through-going channel configured to coaxially and lockably receive the lens in a position in which a rear end of the lens faces the image sensor;
    the lens holder is spring loaded in relation to the housing by an elastic member arranged in a position between the housing and the lens holder into a position in which a front portion of the lens is forced into abutment with a first lens stop arranged in the housing, thereby providing a fixed axial distance between a front end of the lens and a front end of the housing.

    [0008] Accordingly, a dome camera is provided wherein the lens, independently of its length, in a condition when mounted to the housing allows a fixed distance between the rear end of the lens and the image sensor. Further, as a consequence of the fact that the lens holder which supports the lens is spring loaded in relation to the housing towards a physical stop, also the axial distance between a front end of the lens and a front end of the housing will be fixed. Thereby, when a dome is attached to the housing to cover and protect the camera, the distance between the free front end of the lens and the inner surface of the dome will always be the same. As a result, there is no need for any time consuming calibration in case the lens should be changed. Further, the housing with lens and lens holder may be handled as one unit which easily may be dissembled from the dome and mount, serviced and re-assembled. Accordingly, a versatile camera is provided where one and the same housing may be used together with different lens lengths.

    [0009] The housing may comprise a through-going channel configured to coaxially receive a portion of the lens holder, and wherein the first lens stop is arranged in a front portion of the housing encircling a mouth of said through-going channel. The housing may be formed as a unitary body or be composed of different interconnected parts.

    [0010] The front portion of the lens may be configured to project past a front end of the lens holder in a condition when the lens is lockably received in the lens holder, and wherein the front portion comprises a radially extending flange, a rear portion thereof being configured to abut the first lens stop as a result of the lens holder being spring loaded. The front portion of the lens may be arranged to be at least partly or fully received in the through-going channel of the housing, thereby contributing to protecting the lens from any external violence.

    [0011] The lens may be configured to be lockably received in the through-going channel by a threaded engagement between an inner envelope surface of the through-going channel and an outer envelope surface of the lens. It is to be understood that the number of threads and/or their pitch may be adapted to the size of the camera and its lens. A set of lenses configured to be interchangeably used in the camera may be provided with a threaded portion along their respective outer envelope surfaces having one and the same axial length. Thereby the engagement length between the lens holder and the lens may be controlled to ensure a fixed position between the lens and the lens holder.

    [0012] A rear end portion of the inner envelope surface of the through-going channel may comprise a second lens stop. The second lens stop may be used to restrict and thereby control the engagement length between the lens holder and the lens to ensure a fixed position between the lens and the lens holder.

    [0013] The lens may be configured to be lockably received in the through-going channel by a bayonet coupling between an inner envelope surface of the through-going channel and an outer envelope surface of the lens. The use of a bayonet coupling is an alternative solution to using a threaded engagement between the lens and the lens holder. The bayonet coupling will per definition ensure a fixed position between the lens and the lens holder.

    [0014] The elastic member may be a spring, preferably a coil spring or a leaf spring.

    [0015] The housing may form part of a tilt unit. The tilt unit may be used to allow tilting of the housing in view of a camera mount and hence tilting of the lens in view of a dome to thereby cover an intended surveillance area.

    [0016] Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be obvious to a person skilled in the art reading the detailed description given below describing different embodiments.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0017] The invention will be described in detail with reference to the schematic drawings.

    Fig.1 discloses a perspective view of one example of a dome camera.

    Fig. 2 discloses a perspective view of the dome camera of Fig.1 with the outer casing and the dome removed.

    Fig. 3 discloses a sectional drawing of a dome camera in line with one embodiment of the invention.

    Fig. 4 discloses a schematic exploded view of the dome camera of Fig. 3.

    Fig. 5A and 5B disclose sectional views of a dome camera of Fig. 3 with a short lens and a long lens, respectively.


    Detailed description



    [0018] Starting with Figs. 1 and 2, perspective views of one typical example of a dome camera 1000 is disclosed. The dome camera 1000, as seen in use, comprises a protective outer casing 102 and a dome 101. In Fig. 2, the same dome camera 1000 is disclosed with the protective casing 102 and the dome 101 removed. The dome camera 1000 comprises a mounting plate 103 which is used to mount the dome camera 1000 to a support (not disclosed), such as a wall or ceiling. The mounting plate 103 is in the disclosed embodiment configured to be mounted to the support by means of screws of the like (not disclosed). The mounting plate 103 supports an inner casing 104 in which a camera 100 is received. A camera 100 is tiltably received in an arc shaped recess 105 forming part of a tilt unit 700. Tilting of a camera 100 is well known in the art and is not further discussed.

    [0019] The outer casing 102 is configured to be mounted to the mounting plate 103 via screws (not disclosed) to be received in through-going holes 106 in the outer casing 102 and the mounting plate 103, respectively.

    [0020] Now turning to Fig. 3, a sectional drawing of relevant parts of the dome camera 1000 is disclosed. Also, an exploded view of parts of the dome camera 1000 is disclosed in Fig. 4.

    [0021] To facilitate the following disclosure, the terms front and rear will be used. The term "front" is to be understood as an end configured to face an object to be imaged when using the dome camera. In the corresponding way, the term "rear" is to be understood as an end configured to face away from an object to be imaged when using the dome camera, or in other words facing generally towards a mounting surface for the dome camera.

    [0022] Further, in the context of the invention, the term "lens" should be understood as a camera lens.

    [0023] Additionally, in the context of the lens, the term "length" L should be understood as the axial distance between an outermost rear end of the lens and an outermost front end of the lens.

    [0024] The camera 1000 basically comprises a housing 200 in which a lens holder 300 supporting a lens 400 and an image sensor 500 is arranged. The lens holder 300 is spring loaded in relation to the housing 200 into a position in which there is a fixed axial distance L2 between a front end 401 of the lens 400 and a front end 201 of the housing 200. By the lens holder 300 supporting the image sensor 500, there is a fixed axial distance L1 between a rear end 402 of the lens 400 and the image sensor 500. This applies no matter the length L of the lens 400 that is arranged in the lens holder 300, as long as the lens 400 has a length L suitable for a specific camera type. Thereby, the camera 100 may be arranged in, e.g., a dome 101 while always ensuring a fixed distance between an inner wall surface 105 of the dome 101 and the front end 401 of the lens 400.

    [0025] The housing 200 comprises a body which, e.g., is formed by injection molding a plastic material or by casting a metal material, such as aluminum. The housing 200 comprises a through-going channel 202 having an axial extension from a front end 201 to a rear end 203. The through-going channel 202 is configured to coaxially receive a portion of the lens holder 300 to be described below.

    [0026] A first lens stop 204 is arranged in a front portion 206 of the housing 200 encircling a mouth 205 of said through-going channel 202. In the disclosed embodiment, the first lens stop 204 is formed as a substantially flat surface having a radial extension.

    [0027] The rear end 203 of the housing 200 is closed by a lid 210. It is to be understood that the lid 210 may be omitted.

    [0028] The lens holder 300 comprises a body which, e.g., is formed by injection molding a plastic material or by casting a metal material, such as aluminum.

    [0029] The lens holder 300 comprises an axially extending neck portion 301. A rear end 302 of the neck portion 301 is provided with a radially extending flange 303. The image sensor 500, supported by a PCB 501 (Printed Circuit Board) is mounted to a rear surface 304 of the flange 303. The image sensor 500 is arranged to face the lens 400 to be supported by the lens holder 300.

    [0030] The mounting of the PCB 501 to the lens holder 300 is made by screws 502. It is however to be understood that the mounting may be provided by using other arrangements such as adhesive or a snap-fit. The PCB 501 is configured to be operatively connected to a non-disclosed power supply.

    [0031] The neck portion 301 of the lens holder 300 is configured to be coaxially received inside the through-going channel 202 of the housing 200.

    [0032] The neck portion 301 comprises a through-going channel 306 configured to coaxially and lockably receive the lens 400 in a position in which the rear end 402 of the lens 400 faces the image sensor 500, and in which position a fixed axial distance L1 is formed between the rear end 402 of the lens 400 and the image sensor 500.

    [0033] The lens 400 is lockably received in the through-going channel 306 of the lens holder 300 by a threaded engagement between an inner envelope surface 303 of the through-going-channel 306 of the lens holder 300 and an outer envelope surface 403 of the lens 400.

    [0034] A rear end portion 304 of the inner envelope surface 303 of the through-going channel 306 comprises a second lens stop 305. The second lens stop 305 may by way of example be a projection or a seating (not disclosed). Alternatively, the second lens stop 305 may be the end of the longitudinal extension of the threaded envelope surface of the lens holder 300. When threading the lens 400 to the lens holder 300, the lens 400 is threaded until the rear end 402 of the lens 400 abuts the second lens stop 305. Thereby the fixed axial distance L1 between the rear end 402 of the lens 400 and the image sensor 500 will be ensured.

    [0035] The lens 400 has an axial length L which is adapted so that a front portion 404 of the lens 400 is configured to project past a front end 310 of the lens holder 300 in a condition when the lens 400 is lockably received in the lens holder 300. The front portion 404 of the lens 400 comprises a radially extending flange 405. A rear portion 406 thereof is configured to abut the first lens stop 204 formed in the housing 200 to thereby restrict axial movement between the housing 200 and the lens holder 300.

    [0036] The lens holder 300 is spring loaded in relation to the housing 200 by elastic members 600 which are arranged in a position between the housing 200 and the lens holder 300 into a position in which a front portion 404 of the lens 400 is forced into abutment with the first lens stop 204. Thereby a fixed axial distance L2 is provided between the front end 401 of the lens 400 and a front end 201 of the housing 200.

    [0037] The spring loading is provided by a plurality of elastic members 600 that are arranged to act between the rear end 203 of the housing 200 and a front end of the flange 303 of the lens holder 300. The elastic members 600 are arranged to force the lens holder 300 in the axial direction in a direction away from the housing 200. The axial displacement is however restricted by the front portion 404 of the lens 400 abutting the first lens stop 204.

    [0038] Now turning to Figs. 5A and 5B, the interaction between the housing 200 and the lens holder 300 is disclosed when the lens holder is provided with lenses 400, 400' of different lengths L.

    [0039] Starting with Fig. 5A, the camera 1000 is disclosed with a lens 400 having a "short" length. The lens 400 is mounted to the lens holder 200 by threading. The rear end 402 of the lens 400 abuts the second lens stop 305, whereby there is a fixed axial distance L1 provided between the rear end 402 of the lens 400 and the image sensor 500. The elastic members 600 that are arranged to act between the housing 200 and the lens holder 300 force the front portion 404 of the lens 400 to abut the first lens stop 204. Thereby, there is a fixed axial distance L2 provided between the front end 401 of the lens 400 and the front end 201 of the housing 200.

    [0040] Now turning to Fig.5B, the short lens used in Fig. 5A is replaced by a lens 400' having a "long" length. In all other aspects, the arrangement has the very same configuration. The lens 400' is mounted to the lens holder 300 so that the rear end 402 of the lens 400' abuts the second lens stop 305 whereby there is a fixed axial distance L1 provided between the rear end 402 of the lens 400' and the image sensor 500. The elastic members 600 force the front end portion 404 of the lens 400' to abut the first lens stop 204 while being expanded in order to accommodate the longer lens 400'. Thus, the lens holder 300 is pushed further down in view of the housing 200. Still, as a result of the first end portion 404 of the lens 400' abutting the first lens stop 204, the axial distance L2 provided between the front end 401 of the lens 400 and the front end 201 of the housing 200 will remain being fixed.

    [0041] As is noted, see Fig. 5B, the through-going channel 202 of the housing 200 has along an axial portion thereof, a diameter D that exceeds the outer diameter d of the neck portion 301 of the lens holder 300. Further, the through-going channel 202 of the housing 200 forms along a portion thereof an axial overlap A with the neck portion 301. Thereby the lens holder 300 will be allowed to freely move inside and along the through-going channel 202 of the housing 200 to accommodate different lengths L of lenses 400; 400'.

    [0042] In the disclosed embodiment, the lens 400 has been described as being configured to be lockably received in the through-going channel 306 of the lens holder 300 by a threaded engagement between an inner envelope surface 303 of the through-going channel 306 and an outer envelope surface 403 of the lens 400. It is to be understood that other locking arrangements may be equally used. In one embodiment, not shown in the drawings, the lens 400 may be configured to be lockably received in the through-going channel by a bayonet coupling between an inner envelope surface of the through-going channel and an outer envelope surface of the lens. In the event of a bayonet coupling, the locking engagement will inherently form a second lens stop ensuring a fixed axial distance L1 between the rear end of the lens 400 and the image sensor 500.


    Claims

    1. A dome camera comprising a housing (200), a lens (400), a lens holder (300)
    and
    an image sensor (500), wherein
    the image sensor (500) is supported by the lens holder (300);
    the lens holder (300) comprises a through-going channel (306) configured to coaxially and lockably receive the lens (400) in a position in which a rear end (402) of the lens (400) faces the image sensor (500);
    the lens holder (300) is spring loaded in relation to the housing (200) by an elastic member (600) arranged in a position between the housing (200) and the lens holder (300) into a position in which a front portion (404) of the lens (400) is forced into abutment with a first lens stop (204) arranged in the housing (200), thereby providing a fixed axial distance (L2) between a front end (401) of the lens (400) and a front end (201) of the housing (200).
     
    2. The dome camera according to claim 1, wherein the housing (200) comprises
    a
    through-going channel (202) configured to coaxially receive a portion of the lens holder (300), and wherein the first lens stop (204) is arranged in a front portion of the housing (200) encircling a mouth (205) of said through-going-channel (202)
     
    3. The dome camera according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the front portion (404) of
    the
    lens (400) is configured to project past a front end of the lens holder (300) in a condition when the lens (400) is lockably received in the lens holder (300), and wherein the front portion (404) comprises a radially extending flange (405), a rear portion (406) thereof being configured to abut the first lens stop (204) as a result of the lens holder (300) being spring loaded.
     
    4. The dome camera according to claim 1, wherein the lens (400) is configured
    to
    be lockably received in the through-going channel (306) by a threaded engagement between an inner envelope surface (303) of the through-going channel (306) and an outer envelope surface (403) of the lens (400).
     
    5. The dome camera according to claim 3, wherein a rear end portion (304) of
    the
    inner envelope surface (303) of the through-going channel (306) comprises a second lens stop (305).
     
    6. The dome camera according to claim 1, wherein the lens (400) is configured
    to
    be lockably received in the through-going channel (306) by a bayonet coupling between an inner envelope surface (303) of the through-going channel (306) and an outer envelope surface (403) of the lens (400).
     
    7. The dome camera according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the
    elastic
    member (600) is a spring, preferably a coil spring or a leaf spring.
     
    8. The dome camera according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the
    housing
    (200) forms part of a tilt unit (700).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dome-Kamera, ein Gehäuse (200), eine Linse (400), einen Linsenhalter (300) und einen Bildsensor (500) umfassend, wobei der Bildsensor (500) von dem Linsenhalter (300) gestützt wird;
    der Linsenhalter (300) einen durchgehenden Kanal (306) umfasst, der dafür gestaltet ist, die Linse (400) koaxial und arretierbar in einer Position aufzunehmen, in der ein hinteres Ende (402) der Linse (400) zum Bildsensor (500) weist;
    der Linsenhalter (300) im Verhältnis zu dem Gehäuse (200) von einem elastischen Element (600), das an einer Position zwischen dem Gehäuse (200) und dem Linsenhalter (300) angeordnet ist, in eine Position federgespannt ist, in der ein vorderer Abschnitt (404) der Linse (400) zum Anliegen an einem ersten Linsenanschlag (204) gezwungen ist, welcher in dem Gehäuse (200) angeordnet ist, wodurch ein fester axialer Abstand (L2) zwischen einem vorderen Ende (401) der Linse (400) und einem vorderen Ende (201) des Gehäuses (200) bereitgestellt ist.
     
    2. Dome-Kamera nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Gehäuse (200) einen durchgehenden Kanal (202) umfasst, der dafür gestaltet ist, einen Abschnitt des Linsenhalters (300) koaxial aufzunehmen, und wobei der erste Linsenanschlag (204) in einem vorderen Abschnitt des Gehäuses (200) angeordnet ist, der eine Mündung (205) des durchgehenden Kanals (202) umgibt.
     
    3. Dome-Kamera nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der vordere Abschnitt (404) der Linse (400) dafür gestaltet ist, in einem Zustand, in dem die Linse (400) arretierbar in dem Linsenhalter (300) aufgenommen ist, über ein vorderes Ende des Linsenhalters (300) hinauszuragen, und wobei der vordere Abschnitt (404) einen sich radial erstreckenden Flansch (405) umfasst, dessen hinterer Abschnitt (406) dafür gestaltet ist, infolge des Federspannens des Linsenhalters (300) an dem ersten Linsenanschlag (204) anzuliegen.
     
    4. Dome-Kamera nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Linse (400) dafür gestaltet ist, durch einen Gewindeeingriff zwischen einer inneren Umhüllungsoberfläche (303) des durchgehenden Kanals (306) und einer äußeren Umhüllungsoberfläche (403) der Linse (400) arretierbar in dem durchgehenden Kanal (306) aufgenommen zu sein.
     
    5. Dome-Kamera nach Anspruch 3, wobei ein hinterer Endabschnitt (304) der inneren Umhüllungsoberfläche (303) des durchgehenden Kanals (306) einen zweiten Linsenanschlag (305) umfasst.
     
    6. Dome-Kamera nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Linse (400) dafür gestaltet ist, durch eine Bajonettverbindung zwischen einer inneren Umhüllungsoberfläche (303) des durchgehenden Kanals (306) und einer äußeren Umhüllungsoberfläche (403) der Linse (400) arretierbar in dem durchgehenden Kanal (306) aufgenommen zu sein.
     
    7. Dome-Kamera nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das elastische Element (600) eine Feder ist, vorzugsweise eine Spiralfeder oder eine Blattfeder.
     
    8. Dome-Kamera nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Gehäuse (200) einen Teil einer Neigungseinheit (700) bildet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil photographique à dôme comprenant un boîtier (200), une lentille (400), un porte-lentille (300) et un capteur d'images (500), dans lequel
    le capteur d'images (500) est supporté par le porte-lentille (300) ;
    le porte-lentille (300) comprend un canal traversant (306) conçu pour recevoir coaxialement et avec possibilité de verrouillage la lentille (400) dans une position dans laquelle une extrémité arrière (402) de la lentille (400) est tournée vers le capteur d'images (500) ;
    le porte-lentille (300) est chargé par ressort par rapport au boîtier (200) par un élément élastique (600) disposé dans une position entre le boîtier (200) et le porte-lentille (300) jusqu'à une position dans laquelle une partie avant (404) de la lentille (400) est poussée en butée avec un premier arrêt de lentille (204) disposé dans le boîtier (200), en établissant ainsi une distance axiale fixe (L2) entre une extrémité avant (401) de la lentille (400) et une extrémité avant (201) du boîtier (200).
     
    2. Appareil photographique à dôme selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le boîtier (200) comprend un canal traversant (202) conçu pour recevoir coaxialement une partie du porte-lentille (300), et le premier arrêt de lentille (204) est disposé dans une partie avant du boîtier (200) encerclant une embouchure (205) dudit canal traversant (202).
     
    3. Appareil photographique à dôme selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la partie avant (404) de la lentille (400) est conçue pour saillir d'une extrémité avant du porte-lentille (300) dans une situation où la lentille (400) est reçue avec possibilité de verrouillage dans le porte-lentille (300) et la partie avant (404) comprend une bride s'étendant radialement (405), dont une partie arrière (406) est conçue pour buter contre le premier arrêt de lentille (204) du fait que le porte-lentille (300) est chargé par ressort.
     
    4. Appareil photographique à dôme selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la lentille (400) est conçue pour être reçue avec possibilité de verrouillage dans le canal traversant (306) par un engagement fileté entre une surface d'enveloppe interne (303) du canal traversant (306) et une surface d'enveloppe externe (403) de la lentille (400).
     
    5. Appareil photographique à dôme selon la revendication 3, dans lequel une section terminale arrière (304) de la surface d'enveloppe interne (303) du canal traversant (306) comprend un second arrêt de lentille (305).
     
    6. Appareil photographique à dôme selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la gentille (400) est conçue pour être reçue avec possibilité de verrouillage dans le canal traversant (306) par un couplage à baïonnette entre une surface d'enveloppe interne (303) du canal traversant (306) et une surface d'enveloppe externe (403) de la lentille (400).
     
    7. Appareil photographique à dôme selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'élément élastique (600) est un ressort, de préférence un ressort hélicoïdal ou un ressort à lame.
     
    8. Appareil photographique à dôme selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le boîtier (200) fait partie intégrante d'une unité d'inclinaison (700).
     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description