(19)
(11)EP 3 700 500 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.10.2021 Bulletin 2021/43

(21)Application number: 18772831.6

(22)Date of filing:  26.09.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 8/36(2006.01)
A61K 8/37(2006.01)
A61K 8/46(2006.01)
A61Q 19/10(2006.01)
A01N 37/02(2006.01)
A61K 8/42(2006.01)
A61Q 17/00(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A01N 37/02; A61K 8/361; A61K 8/375; A61K 8/42; A61K 8/463; A61K 2800/596; A61Q 17/005; A61Q 19/10
 
C-Sets:
A01N 37/02, A01N 25/02, A01N 35/02, A01N 37/04, A01N 37/06, A01N 37/10, A01N 37/40, A01N 43/80;
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2018/076145
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/081152 (02.05.2019 Gazette  2019/18)

(54)

NON-SOAP LIQUID CLEANSER COMPOSITION COMPRISING CAPRYLIC ACID

SEIFENFREIE FLÜSSIGREINIGERZUSAMMENSETZUNG MIT CAPRYLSÄURE

COMPOSITION NETTOYANTE LIQUIDE SANS SAVON COMPRENANT DE L'ACIDE CAPRYLIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.10.2017 EP 17198910

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(73)Proprietors:
  • Unilever IP Holdings B.V.
    3013 AL Rotterdam (NL)
    Designated Contracting States:
    AL AT BE BG CH CZ DK EE ES FI FR GR HR HU IS LI LT LU LV MC MK NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR 
  • Unilever Global IP Limited
    Wirral, CH62 AZD (GB)
    Designated Contracting States:
    CY DE GB IE IT MT 

(72)Inventors:
  • AGARKHED, Ajit, Manohar
    Bangalore 560066 (IN)
  • BAPAT, Mohini, Anand
    Mumbai Andheri East 400099 (IN)
  • CHANDAR, Prem
    Trumbull, Connecticut 06611 (US)
  • GANDHI, Poonam, Manoj
    Mumbai Andheri East 400099 (IN)
  • SHILOACH, Anat
    Trumbull, Connecticut 06611 (US)
  • WU, Guohui
    Trumbull, Connecticut 06611 (US)

(74)Representative: Fijnvandraat, Arnoldus et al
Unilever Patent Group Bronland 14
6708 WH Wageningen
6708 WH Wageningen (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 044 582
US-A- 5 681 802
  
  • "Fatty Acids Composition of Virgin Coconut Oil", INTERNET CITATION, 16 March 2012 (2012-03-16), page 1, XP002671755, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.thevirgincoconutoil.com/art icleitem.php?articleid=163 [retrieved on 2012-03-16]
  • KIM S A ET AL: "Antibacterial activity of caprylic acid for potential application as an active antiseptic ingredient in consumer antiseptics", INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS, ELSEVIER, AMSTERDAM, NL, vol. 48, no. 6, 29 September 2016 (2016-09-29), pages 765-767, XP029836401, ISSN: 0924-8579, DOI: 10.1016/J.IJANTIMICAG.2016.09.002
  • Frederic Pilz: "Sorbitan Caprylate - A new Preservative for Formulations", SOFW-Journal, 1 August 2012 (2012-08-01), pages 32-35, XP055076138, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.essentialingredients.com/pd f/PreservationwithSorbitanCaprylate.pdf [retrieved on 2013-08-22]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of the invention



[0001] The present invention relates to non-soap (sometimes referred to as syndet or synthetic detergent) based liquid cleansers having enhanced anti-bacterial activity. Specifically, it has been found that the addition of caprylic acid (octanoic acid) to mild pH (pH of 4.5 to 5.5, preferably 4.5 to 5.1, especially 4.5 to 4.9) liquid syndet composition surprisingly enhances antibacterial activity at this pH range.

Background of the invention



[0002] Personal cleansing products, including liquids, play an important role in hygiene. Hygiene is typically delivered through the use of antibacterial agents, such as phenolic antimicrobial compounds (e.g. triclosan, triclocarbon, PCMX), non-phenolic antimicrobial compounds (e.g., quaternary ammonium salts), and chemicals with free metal ions (e.g. Ag+, Zn2+, Cu2+).

[0003] However, in compositions which are in a mild pH range (e.g., 4.5 to 5.5, or 4.5 to 5.1, particularly 4.5 to 5.0 or 4.5 to 4.9; products with pH lower than 4.5 are generally considered harsh and capable of causing some harm to the skin), it is difficult to provide enhanced antibacterial activity, especially if one wishes to avoid use of the antibacterial agents. For example, there has been concern relating to the use of antibacterial agents, their potential effect on the environment, and their potential role in promoting drug resistance. The antibacterial agents are facing increasing scrutiny from regulatory agencies, not to mention the added material handling and costs during the production process. Thus, it would be greatly beneficial to provide antibacterial effect without use of traditional antibacterial agents.

[0004] In addition, it is difficult to achieve broad effect against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria; and it is difficult to achieve quick effect (effect in 20 seconds or less, especially 10 seconds or less).

[0005] In synthetic surfactant based liquid cleansers (especially those based on 50% or more anionics such as alkyl sulfates), for example, it has now been found that addition of C8 fatty acid can provide fast, broad-based antibacterial effect at pH ranges of 4.5 to 5.5, preferably 4.5 to 5.1, particularly 4.5 to 4.9. While traditional antibacterial agents such as those noted above can slightly improve the effect of C8 fatty acid alone, significant improvement is seen even in compositions without traditional antibacterial agent.

[0006] The effect of caprylic acid (also known as octanoic acid) alone (again, even assuming absence of traditional antibacterial agents) can be further strengthened when the caprylic acid is combined with certain organic acids (e.g., phenylpropionic acid).

[0007] The effect can also be further enhanced when caprylic acid is combined with other organic acids having pKa greater than 4.0 but less than 5.0. Phenylpropionic acid, noted just above, works particularly well with caprylic acid in terms of efficacy. It has pKa > 4.5; and also has both a relatively high LogP (partition coefficient between aqueous and lipophilic phases, usually measured using octanol and water) and high solubility in water. These parameters ensure that the availability of organic acid is relatively high at pH 4.5 to about 4.9 (due to its high pKa and water solubility), and is at the same time hydrophobic enough to partition into bacteria membrane. Moreover, the effect can be enhanced when combined with certain non-ionic molecules defined herein.

[0008] In a 2013 article to Mitrinova et al. ("Efficient control of the Rheological and Surface Properties of Surfactant Solutions Containing C8 to C18 Fatty Acids as Co-surfactants", published June 11, 2013 in Langmuir, there are disclosed compositions comprising sodium lauroyl ether sulfate (SLES) and cocoamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) surfactant systems and further comprising C8 to C18 fatty acids; the reference describes desirable effects of these fatty acids on rheology of the surfactants. There is nothing recognizing more specifically the use of C8 in such systems and their effect on antibacterial efficacy particularly in compositions of specific mild pH range. There is no specific discussion of pH and antibacterial effect at certain pH ranges.

[0009] In a 2016 article by Georgieva et al. ("Synergistic Growth of Giant Wormlike Micelles in Ternary Mixed Surfactant Solutions: Effect of Octanoic Acid", published 2016 in

[0010] Langmuir, it is noted that minimal pH of a SLES/CAPB/caprylic acid system is about 5.1. Lower pH and/or antibacterial effectiveness are not noted.

[0011] EP 044 582 to P&G discloses compositions in which a specific combination of free fatty acids and fatty alkylolamide in a ratio of 1:3 to 3:1 is used as lather booster for anionic surfactant. Although coconut oil fatty acid is disclosed at level of 0.2% by wt. (Example 1), it is known that caprylic acid comprises no more than about 10% of coconut oil (see for example fatty acid composition of Virgin Coconut Oil at http://www.thevirgincoconutoil.com/articleitem.php?articleid=163. Thus, the coconut oil blend comprises no more than 0.2% caprylic.

Summary of the invention



[0012] The present invention is defined in the appended claims and relates to non-soap (i.e., synthetic surfactant based) liquid compositions. In particular, it relates to use of caprylic acid in mild pH (e.g., pH 4.5 to 5.5, preferably 4.5 to 5.1, especially 4.5 to 5.0 or 4.5 to 4.9) liquids. Preferably, the caprylic acid is used to boost the antimicrobial efficacy against both gram negative and gram positive bacteria in the absence of other antibacterial (AB) agents.

[0013] More particularly, the invention comprises:
  1. 1) 5 to 25% by wt., preferably 8 to 20% of an anionic surfactant (e.g, alkyl sulfate such as sodium lauryl ether sulfate, SLES; or amino acid based surfactant such as glutamate or glycinate, as well as taurates); the cleansers can be used for germ removal applications such as hand wash liquids or foamers. Low-surfactant formulations especially work well, where the preferred surfactant levels are 5 to 8%, preferably 6.0 to 7.5% by wt.; The availability of caprylic acid is optimal at low surfactants due to less partition into micelles. Example 7 and 8 are examples of cleanser compositions with high foaming properties containing relatively lower surfactants. The non-soap cleansers are particularly suited for applications like liquid hand soap, foaming liquid hand soap, liquid body wash, bath gel, exfoliating cleanser, shampoo, cleaning wipe, or industrial soap. The formulations can be used or as a base of a soap composition to prevent and treat a variety of microbial infections by cleansing or treating the skin and/or hair (fur) of a subject in need thereof.
  2. 2) Optional non-ionic surfactant (e.g., 0 to 5%, preferably 0. 5 to 4% by wt.), preferably an alkylamide alkanolamine (e.g., alkanolamide such as cocomonoethanolamide);
  3. 3) Optional amphoteric and/or zwitterionic surfactant (although amido betaines are preferably minimized, (e.g., 2% by wt. or less, preferably 1% by wt., more preferably 0.01 to 0.5%) or preferably absent altogether); the presence of amido betaines suppress the boosting effect of caprylic acid in terms of the formulations' antimicrobial efficacy (see Example 4 versus Example 2 in Examples)
  4. 4) 0.5 to 3%, especially 1.0 to 3% and especially 1.1 or 1.2 or 1.3 to 3% caprylic acid,
wherein pH of the composition is 4.5 to 5.5, preferably 4.5 to 5.1, more preferably 4.5 to 5.0 or 4.5 to 4.9.

[0014] Unexpectedly, it has been found that caprylic acid when used at certain minimum levels boosts broad spectrum antibacterial activity (e.g., against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria); although small amounts of traditional antibacterial actives can slightly boost activity of C8 as active, the C8 is highly effective even in the absence of antibacterial actives; such antibacterial actives are optional in formulations and are typically present at levels of 0 to 0.4%, preferably 0 to 0.2%, more preferably 0.1 to 0.2%.

[0015] Examples of antibacterial actives which may be used include actives such as silver, phenoxyethanol and mixtures thereof. Other actives include thymol, terpineol and mixtures; the latter may of course be used alone (or as mixtures of thymol and terpineol); or in combination with silver, phenoxyethanol or other known antibacterials or mixtures of such known antibacterials.

[0016] Caprylic acid is further combined with organic acid with pKa between 4.5 and 5.0, relatively high logP (logP > 1.8) as well as relatively high water solubility (solubility > 0.5 g/ 100ml), an example of such organic acid being phenylpropanoid (e.g., phenylpropionic acid), and the antibacterial effect is even stronger (see Example 13.)

[0017] In another form, combination of caprylic acid with certain non-ionic molecules (e.g., capryl glycol, phenoxyethanol, sorbitan caprylate, and mixtures), activity of caprylic is enhanced even further (see Example 15 and 16).

[0018] The invention further provides a process for making the compositions of the invention by providing ingredients in the amounts specified in the description of the composition, combining these, and packaging the resulting mixture in a container.

[0019] The invention further relates to use of 0.5 to 30% caprylic acid in composition comprising 5 to 25% by wt. anionic surfactant, 0 to 5%, preferably 0.5 to 4% by wt. non-ionic surfactant and optional amphoteric surfactants, where pH of composition is 4.5 to 5.5, to provide antibacterial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria.

Detailed description of the invention



[0020] Except in the examples, or where otherwise explicitly indicated, all numbers in this description indicating amounts of material or conditions of reaction, physical properties of materials and/or use are to be understood as modified by the word "about."

[0021] As used throughout, ranges are used as shorthand for describing each and every value that is within the range. Any value within the range can be selected as terminus of the range. The use of and/or indicates that any one from the list can be chosen individually, or any combination from the list can be chosen.

[0022] For the avoidance of doubt, the word "comprising" is intended to mean "including" but not necessarily "consisting of" or "composed of." In other words, the listed steps or options need not be exhaustive.

[0023] Unless indicated otherwise, all percentages for amount or amounts of ingredients used are to be understood to be percentages by weight based on the active weight of the material in the total weight of the composition, which total is 100%.

[0024] The present invention relates to synthetic based liquid (wherein anionic comprises 50% or more of the surfactant system) which comprises mild pH. Use of caprylic acid has been unexpectedly found to enhance AB activity, even in the absence of other antibacterial agents.

[0025] Specifically, the composition comprises:
  1. 1) 5 to 25% by wt., preferably 8 to 20% by wt. of anionic (which is 50% or more of surfactant system); in one aspect, e.g., the composition can be used for germ removal applications such as hand wash liquid or foamers. Low-surfactant formulations especially work well, where the preferred surfactant levels are 5 to 8%, preferably 6.0 to 7.5% by wt.; The availability of caprylic acid is optimal at low surfactants due to less partition into micelles.
  2. 2) Optional non-ionic surfactant (e.g., 0 to 5%, preferably 0. 5 to 4% by wt.), particularly alkylamide alkanolamine;
  3. 3) optional amphoteric and/or zwitterionic surfactant (amido betaines are preferably minimized);
  4. 4) 0.5 to 3%, especially 1.0 to 3%, and especially 1.1 or 1.2 or 1.3 to 3% by wt. caprylic acid; and
  5. 5) optional antibacterial actives;
wherein pH is 4.5 to 5.5, preferably 4.5 to 5.1, preferably 4.5 to 5.0 or 4.5 to 4.9.

[0026] The anionic surfactant may be, for example, an aliphatic sulfonate, such as a primary alkane (e.g., C8-C22) sulfonate, primary alkane (e.g., C8-C22) disulfonate, C8-C22 alkene sulfonate, C8-C22 hydroxyalkane sulfonate or alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonate (AGS); or an aromatic sulfonate such as alkyl benzene sulfonate.

[0027] The anionic may also be an alkyl sulfate (e.g., C12-C18 alkyl sulfate) or alkyl ether sulfate (including alkyl glyceryl ether sulfates). Among the alkyl ether sulfates are those having the formula:

        RO(CH2CH2O)nSO3M

wherein R is an alky or alkenyl having 8 to 18 carbons, preferably 12 to 18 carbons, n has an average value of greater than 1.0, preferably between 2 and 3; and M is a solubilizing cation such as sodium, potassium, ammonium or substituted ammonium. Ammonium and sodium lauryl ether sulfates are preferred.

[0028] Particularly preferred is alkali metal lauryl ether sulfate (such as sodium lauryl ether sulfate).

[0029] The anionic may also be alkyl sulfosuccinates (including mono- and dialkyl, e.g., C6-C22 sulfosuccinates); alkyl and acyl taurates, alkyl and acyl sarcosinates, sulfoacetates, C8-C22 alkyl phosphates and phosphates, alkyl pohosphate esters and alkoxyl alkyl phosphate esters, acyl lactates, C8-C22 monoalkyl succinates and maleates, sulphoacetates, and acyl isethionates.

[0030] Sarcosinates are generally indicated by the formula RCON(CH3)CH2CO2M, wherein R ranges from C8 to C20 alkyl and M is a solubilizing cation.

[0031] Taurates are generally identified by formula:

        R2CONR3CH2CH2SO3M

wherein R2 ranges from C8-C20 alkyl, R3 ranges from C2-C4 alkyl and M is a solubilizing cation.

[0032] Another class of anionics are carboxylates such as follows:

        R-CH2CH2O)nCO2M

wherein R is C8 to C20 alkyl; n is 0 to 20; and M is as defined above.

[0033] Another carboxylate which can be used is amido alkyl polypeptide carboxylates such as, for example, Monteine LCQ® by Seppic.

[0034] Another surfactant which may be used are the C8-C18 acyl isethionates. These esters are prepared by reaction between alkali metal isethionate with mixed aliphatic fatty acids having from 6 to 18 carbons atoms and an iodine value of less than 20. At least 75% of the mixed fatty acids have from 12 to 18 carbon atoms and up to 25% have from 6 to 10 carbon atoms.

[0035] The anionic may preferably be an amino acid based anionic such as glutamate or glycinate.

[0036] The non-ionic which may be used includes the reaction products of compounds having a hydrophobic group and a reactive hydrogen atom, for example aliphatic alcohols, acids, amides or alkyl phenols with alkylene oxides, especially ethylene oxide either alone or with propylene oxide. Specific non-ionic detergent compounds are alkyl (C6-C22) phenols-ethylene oxide condensates, the condensation products of aliphatic (C8-C18) primary or secondary linear or branched alcohols with ethylene oxide, and products made by condensation of ethylene oxide with the reaction products of propylene oxide and ehtylenediamine. Other so-called nonionic detergent compounds include long chain tertiary amine oxides, long chain tertiary phosphine oxides and dialkyl sulphoxides.

[0037] The non-ionic surfactant may also be a sugar amide, such as a polysaccharide amide.

[0038] A particularly preferred non-ionic is alkylamide alkanolamine (e.g., cocomonoethanolamide or CMEA). Preferably, CMEA is used in around 0.5 to 2% by wt.

[0039] Zwitterionic surfactants (optional) are exemplified by those which can be broadly described as derivatives of aliphatic quaternary ammonium, phosphonium, and sulfonium compounds, in which the aliphatic radicals can be straight or branched chain, and where one of the aliphatic substituents contains from about 8 to 18 carbon atoms and one contains an anionic group, e.g., carboxy, sulfonate, sulfate, phosphate, or phosphonate. A general formula for these compounds is:

wherein R2 contains an alkyl, alkenyl, or hydroxyl alkyl radical of from about 8 to about 18 carbon atoms, from 0 to about 10 ethylene oxide moieties and from 0 to about 1 glyceryl moiety; Y is selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur atoms; R3 is an alkyl or monohydroxyalkyl group containing about 1 to about 3 carbon atoms; X is 1 when Y is a sulfur atom, and 2 when Y is a nitrogen or phosphorus atom; R4 is an alkylene or hydroxyalkylene of from about 1 to about 4 carbon atoms and Z is a radical selected from the group consisting of carboxylate sulfonate, sulfate, phosphonate, and phosphate groups.

[0040] Amphoteric detergents which may be used in this invention (optional) include at least one acid group. This may be a carboxylic or a sulphonic acid group. They include quaternary nitrogen and therefore are quaternary amido acids. They should generally include an alkyl or alkenyl group of 7 to 18 carbon atoms. They will usually comply with an overall structural formula:

where R1 is alkyl or alkenyl of 7 to 18 carbon atoms;

R2 and R3 are each independently alkyl, hydroxyalkyl or carboxyalkyl of 1 to 3 carbon atoms;

N is 2 to 4;

M is 0 to 1;

X is alkylene of 1 to 3 carbon atoms optionally substituted with hydroxyl, and

Y is-CO2- or -SO3-



[0041] Amphoteric detergents within the above general formula include simple betaines of formula:

and amido betaines of formula:

where m is 2 or 3.

[0042] It is preferred that amido betaines be minimized or be absent altogether.

[0043] As indicated, compositions should comprise 0.1 to 5%, preferably 0.5 to 3% caprylic acid (octanoic acid).

[0044] pH of compositions should be 4.5 to 5.5, preferably 4.5 to 5.1, more preferably 4.5 to 5.0 or 4.5 to 4.9 pH levels of 4.5 to 4.9 are particularly preferred.

[0045] Caprylic acid is further combined with organic acid with pKa between 4.5 and 5.0, relatively high logP (logP > 1.8) as well as relatively high water solubility (solubility > 0.5 g/ 100ml), such as a phenylpropanoid (e.g., phenylpropionic acid), and the antibacterial effect is even stronger (see Example 13).

[0046] In another aspect, combination of caprylic acid with certain non-ionic molecules (e.g., capryl glycol, phenoxyethanol, sorbitan caprylate, and mixtures), activity of caprylic acid is enhanced even further (see Example 15 and 16).

[0047] Antibacterial actives may also further optionally be added to the compositions. These may include thymol, terpineol, silver, phenoxyethanol and mixtures thereof. As noted, C8 is highly effective, even in the absence of such antibacterial agents.

[0048] The invention further provides a process for making the compositions of the invention by providing ingredients in the amounts specified in the description of the composition, combining these, and packaging the resulting mixture in a container.

[0049] The invention further relates to use of 0.5 to 30% caprylic acid in composition comprising 5 to 25% by wt. anionic surfactant, 0 to 5%, preferably 0.5 to 4% by wt. non-ionic surfactant and optional amphoteric surfactants where pH of composition is 4.5 to 5.5 to provide antibacterial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria.

EXAMPLES



[0050] The following non-limiting examples are provided to further illustrate the invention; the invention is not in any way limited thereto. The following protocotol was used to evaluate biocidal activity.

IN-VITRO TIME-KILL PROTOCOL


Soap Solution Preparation



[0051] Solution preparation depends, in part, on the particular form of the liquid soap formulation. For example, formulations that are not diluted in use, e.g., self-foaming formulations, are employed as is. A formulation that contains 30 wt.% or less of detersive surfactant and which is intended to be diluted in use is mixed with water to form a soap solution containing 62.5wt% of the initial formulation. A formulation that contains more than 30 wt. % of detersive surfactant and which is intended to be diluted in use is mixed with water to form a soap solution containing 16wt% of the initial formulation.

Bacteria



[0052] e.coli ATCC 10536 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, were used in this study to represent Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria, respectively. The bacteria were stored at -80°C. Fresh isolates were cultured twice on Tryptic Soy Agar plates for 24 hours at 37°C before each experiment.

In-Vitro Time-Kill Assay



[0053] Time-kill assays were performed according to the European Standard, EN 1040:2005 entitled "Chemical Disinfectants and Antiseptics - Quantitative Suspension Test for the Evaluation of Basic Bactericidal Activity of Chemical Disinfectants and Antiseptics - Test Method and Requirements (Phase 1)" incorporated herein by reference. Following this procedure, growth-phase bacterial cultures at 1.5X108 to 5X108 colony forming units per ml (cfu/ml) were treated with the soap solutions (prepared as described above) at 25°C. In forming the test sample 8 parts by weight of the soap solution, prepared as described above, were combined with 1 part by weight of culture and 1 part by weight of water. After 10, 20, and 30 seconds of exposure, samples were neutralized to arrest the antibacterial activity of the soap solutions. Then test solutions were serially diluted, plated on solid medium, incubated for 24 hours and surviving cells were enumerated. Bactericidal activity is defined as the log reduction in cfu/ml relative to the bacterial concentration at 0 seconds. Cultures not exposed to any soap solutions serve as no-treatment controls.

[0054] The log10 reduction was calculated using the formula:


Examples



[0055] Below in Table 1 are found a control example and Examples 1 to 4 of the invention.
Table 1
Ingredient (wt %)Raw ingredient purityControlComp. Example 1Comp. Example 2Comp. Example 3Comp. Example 4
Water 100% Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100
Ethylene Diamine Tetra acetic acid, tetra sodium salt 39% 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Acrylate copolymers 30% 2 2 2 2 2
Cocomonoethanolamide 100% 1 1 1 1 1
SLES 70% 16 16 16 16 16
EGDS 100% 1 1 1 1 1
Caprylic acid C8 99% 0.0 1.0 1.5 2.0 1.5
Cocoamidopropylbetaine 30% 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
Glycerine 100% 2 2 2 2 2
Dimethylol dimethyl hydantoin (DMDM) 55% 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
NaCl 90% 1 1 1 1 1
pH (adjusted with NaOH and Citric Acid)   4.9 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.7
TABLE 2
Biocidal Activity
 Log10 Reduction against e.coli ATCC 10536Log10 Reduction against s.aureus ATCC 6538
10 Seconds20 Seconds30 Seconds10 Seconds20 Seconds30 Seconds
Control -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4
Comp. Example 1 0.8 1.0 1.2 / / /
Comp. Example 2 1.8 > 4.2 > 4.2 1.6 3.1 3.5
Comp. Example 3 3.8 > 4.0 > 4.0 / / /
Comp. Example 4 0.9 3.3 > 4.2 0.5 1.8 2.2


[0056] As demonstrated by the Table 2 data, at the indicated contact times, addition of caprylic acid at 1.0%, 1.5%, and 2.0% (Comparative Examples 1, 2, 3, 4) boost the antimicrobial efficacy compared to the control. Adding cocoamidopropyl betaine is still effective relative to the control, but suppresses the boosting effect relative to example with same amount of caprylic acid; as seen, Comparative Example 4 has relatively less antimicrobial efficacy than Comparative Example 2.

[0057] Comparative Examples 2, 3 and 4 versus Comparative Example 1 also shows that use of greater than 1.0% caprylic acid (e.g., 1.1 or 1.2 or 1.5 to 3%) is particularly effective.
Table 3
Ingredient (wt %)Comparative Example 5Comparative Example 6
Water Balance to 100 Balance to 100
Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid, tetra sodium salt 0.1 0.1
Sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) 7 7
Cocaminoethanolamide (CMEA) 1 1
Caprylic acid C8 1 1
Benzoic acid 1 1
Methylchloroisothiozolinone 0.06 0.06
Benzophenone-4 0.1 0.1
Propylene glycol 6 6
NaOH To adjust pH To adjust pH
pH 4.9 5.4
TABLE 4
Biocidal Activity Log10 Reduction against e.coli ATCC 10536
 Contact Time
10 Seconds20 Seconds30 Seconds
Comparative Example 5      
pH 4.9 1.1 3.1 > 3.4
Comparative Example 6      
pH 5.4 0.8 1.4 2.8


[0058] As demonstrated by the Table 4 data, at the indicated contact times, Comparative Example 5 at pH 4.9 had greater bactericidal efficacy against e.coli ATCC 10536 than Comparative Example 6 at pH 5.4; this demonstrates the particularly strong effect of pH in the range 4.5 to 5.1, or especially 4.5 to 5.0, especially 4.5 to 4.9, in relation to the antimicrobial efficacy of non-soap formulations containing caprylic acid.

[0059] Comparative Examples 7 and 8 are directed to the cleanser formulations with high foaming properties with caprylic acid. At relatively lower surfactant level at about 5% to 8% in these particular examples, caprylic acid works especially well due to increased availability.
Table 5
Ingredient (wt %)Comparative Example 7Comparative Example 8
Water Balance to 100 Balance to 100
Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid, tetra sodium salt 0.1 0.1
SLES 7 5.5
CMEA 1 0.5
Caprylic acid C8 1 0.75
Benzoic acid 1.5 0.75
Methylchloroisothiozolinone 0.06 0.06
Benzophenone-4 0.1 0.1
Propylene glycol 6 /
PEG 200 / 6
NaOH To adjust pH To adjust pH
pH 4.53 4.9
TABLE 6
Biocidal Activity Log10 Reduction against e.coli ATCC 10536
 Log10 Reduction against e.coli ATCC 10536Log10 Reduction against s.aureus ATCC 6538
10 Seconds20 Seconds30 Seconds10 Seconds20 Seconds30 Seconds
Control -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4
Comparative Example 7 3.5 > 3.5 > 3.5 Not measured
Comparative Example 8 > 3.8 > 3.8 > 3.8 3.5 > 3.8 > 3.8


[0060] As demonstrated by the Table 6 data, at the indicated contact times, Comparative Examples 7 and 8 had greater bactericidal efficacy against both e.coli ATCC 10536 and s.aureus ATCC 6538 than control (no Caprylic Acid).
TABLE 7
Physical properties of various organic acids
Organic acidspKaLogPSolubility in water
Tartaric acid 3.22, 4.85 -1.43 133 g/100 ml
Caprylic Acid 4.89 3.05 0.068 g/100ml
Benzoic acid 4.19 1.87 0.344 g/100 ml (25°C)
Adipic acid 4.43, 5.41 0.08 2.4 g/100 ml (25°C)
Hydroxybenzoic acid 4.54 1.58 0.5/100 ml
Sorbic acid 4.76 1.47 0.16/100 ml (20°C)
Decanoic acid 4.9 4.09 0.015 g/100ml (20°C)
3-Phenylpropionic acid 4.65 1.84 0.59 g/100 ml
Table 8
Ingredient (wt %)Raw ingredient purityComparative CComp Example 9Comp Example 10Comp Example 11Comp Example 12Example 13
Water 100% Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100
Ethylene Diamine Tetra acetic acid, tetra sodium salt 39% 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Acrylate copolymers 30% 2 2 2 2 2 2
NaOH 47% To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH
Cocomonoethanolamide 100% 1 1 1 1 1 1
SLES 70% 16 16 16 16 16 16
Ethylene glycol distearate (EGDS) 100% 1 1 1 1 1 1
Caprylic acid C8 99% 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Tartaric acid 30% 2.0 / / / / /
Benzoic acid 100% / 2.0 / / / /
Adipic acid 100% / / 2.0 / / /
hydroxybenzoic acid 100% / / / 2.0 / /
Sorbic acid 100% / / / / 2.0 /
3-Phenylpropionic acid 100% / / / / / 2.0
Glycerine 100% 2 2 2 2 2 2
DMDM hydantoin (Glydant 2000) 55% 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Citric acid (for pH adjustment) 90% To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH
NaCl 90% 1 1 1 1 1 1
TABLE 9
Biocidal Activity Log10 Reduction against e.coli ATCC 10536
 Organic acidsLog10 Reduction against e.coli ATCC 10536
10 Seconds20 Seconds30 Seconds
Comparative Example 1 1% Caprylic acid 0.8 1.0 1.2
Comparative C 1% Caprylic acid + 2% Tartaric acid -0.8 0.3 0.3
Comparative Example 9 1% Caprylic acid + 2% Benzoic acid 1.2 2.9 3.0
Comparative Example 10 1% Caprylic acid + 2% Adipic acid 1.0 3.0 3.4
Comparative Example 11 1% Caprylic acid + 2% Hydroxybenzoic acid 0.9 3.1 3.5
Comparative Example 12 1% Caprylic acid + 2% Sorbic acid 1.0 2.4 3.0
Example 13 1% Caprylic acid + 2% 3-Phenylpropionic acid 1.2 3.2 3.6


[0061] As demonstrated by the Table 9 data, at the indicated contact times, Comparative Examples 9 to 12 and Example 13 (combination of Caprylic acid and organic acids which satisfy requirements that pKa is between 4.0 and 5.0, logP > 0, and water solubility > 0.014 g/100ml) had greater bactericidal efficacy against e.coli ATCC 10536 than Example 1 (containing only caprylic acid). Comparative C is a negative example of organic acid which has too low logP.
Table 10
Ingredient Comparative DComp. Example 15Comparative EComp. Example 16
Water   Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100 Balance to 100
Ethylene Diamine Tetra acetic acid, tetra sodium salt 39% 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Acrylate copolymers 30% 2 2 2 2
NaOH 47% To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH
Cocomonoethanolamide 100% 1 1 1 1
SLES 70% 16 16 16 16
EGDS 100% 1 1 1 1
Caprylyl Glycol 100% 0 0 0 1
Sorbitan Caprylate 100% 0 2 0 0
Caprylic acid C8 99% 2 2 1 1
Glycerine 100% 2 2 2 2
DMDM hydantoin (Glydant 2000) 55% 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Citric acid (for pH adjustment) 90% To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH To adjust pH
NaCl 90% 1 1 1 1
pH   4.78 4.78 4.78 4.78
viscosity cps   1600 1600 1600 1600
TABLE 11
Biocidal Activity
 Non-ionicsDifference of Log10 Reduction against e.coli ATCC 10536
10 Seconds20 Seconds30 Seconds
Comparative Example 15 vs. Comparative D 2% caprylic acid + 2% sorbitan caprylate 0.0 0.3 1.4
Comparative Example 16 vs. Comparative E 1% caprylic acid + 1% caprylyl glycol 0.2 0.9 > 0.4


[0062] As demonstrated by the Table 11 data, at the indicated contact times, Comparative Examples 15 and 16 (caprylic acid combined with non-ionics, such as sorbitan caprylate or caprylyl glycol) had greater bactericidal efficacy than their corresponding Comparatives D and E (caprylic acid alone with no non-ionics).


Claims

1. A liquid composition comprising:

a) 5 to 25% anionic surfactant;

b) 0 to 5% non-ionic surfactant

c) optional amphoteric surfactant, wherein anionic surfactant is 50% or more of surfactants;

d) 0.5 to 3% caprylic acid; wherein pH is 4.5 to 5.5, preferably 4.5 to 5.1,

wherein there is additionally present an organic acid having pKa of 4.5 to 5.0, a logP greater than 1.8 and water solubility greater than 0.5 g/100 ml.
 
2. A composition according to claim 1 wherein anionic is alkyl sulfate, amino-acid based surfactant or mixtures thereof.
 
3. A composition according to claim 1 wherein non-ionic is optional at level of 0.5 to 4%.
 
4. An composition according to any of claims 1 to 3 wherein non-ionic surfactant, if present, is cocomonoalkanolamide.
 
5. A composition according to any of claims 1 to 4 which additionally comprises antibacterial agents.
 
6. A composition according to claim 5 wherein such antibacterial agent is selected from the group consisting of thymol, terpineol, silver, phenoxyethanol, and mixtures thereof.
 
7. A composition according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein organic acid is a phenylpropanoid.
 
8. A composition according to any of claims 1 to 7, wherein said organic acid is 3-phenylpropionic acid.
 
9. A composition according to any of claims 1 to 8, wherein there is additionally present a non-ionic molecule, separate from the non-ionic surfactant.
 
10. A composition according to claim 9, wherein the non-ionic molecule is selected from the group consisting of capryl glycol, phenoxyethanol, sorbitan caprylate, and mixtures thereof.
 
11. A composition according to any of claims 1 to 10, wherein total surfactant is present at 5 to 8% of composition.
 
12. A process of making compositions of claims 1-11, comprising:

a) providing 5 to 25% by wt. anionic surfactant, 0 to 5%, preferably 0.5 to 4% by wt. non-ionic surfactant, optional amphoteric surfactant and 0.5 to 3% caprylic acid;

b) combining said components of (a) to form a liquid mixture having a pH 4.5 to 5.5;

c) packaging the resulting mixture in a container.


 
13. Non-therapeutic use of 0.5 to 3.0% by wt. caprylic acid in compositions comprising 5 to 25% anionic surfactant, 0 to 5%, preferably 0.5 to 4% by wt. non-ionic surfactant and optional amphoteric surfactant, where pH of composition is 4.5 to 5.5, to provide antibacterial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria; wherein there is additionally present an organic acid having pKa of 4.5 to 5.0, a logP greater than 1.8 and water solubility greater than 0.5 g/100 ml.
 


Ansprüche

1. Flüssige Zusammensetzung, umfassend:

a) 5 bis 25% anionisches Tensid;

b) 0 bis 5% nichtionisches Tensid

c) gegebenenfalls amphoteres Tensid, wobei anionisches Tensid 50% oder mehr der Tenside ausmacht;

d) 0,5 bis 3% Caprylsäure; wobei der pH 4,5 bis 5,5, bevorzugt 4,5 bis 5,1, beträgt,

wobei zusätzlich eine organische Säure mit einem pKa von 4,5 bis 5,0, einem logP größer als 1,8 und einer Wasserlöslichkeit größer als 0,5 g/100 ml vorhanden ist.
 
2. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei anionisches Tensid Alkylsulfat, Tensid auf Aminosäurebasis oder Mischungen davon ist.
 
3. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei nichtionisches Tensid optional in einer Menge von 0,5 bis 4% vorliegt.
 
4. Zusammensetzung nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das nichtionische Tensid, falls vorhanden, Cocomonoalkanolamid ist.
 
5. Zusammensetzung nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, die zusätzlich antibakterielle Mittel enthält.
 
6. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 5, wobei das antibakterielle Mittel ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Thymol, Terpineol, Silber, Phenoxyethanol und Mischungen davon.
 
7. Zusammensetzung nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die organische Säure ein Phenylpropanoid ist.
 
8. Zusammensetzung nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die organische Säure 3-Phenylpropionsäure ist.
 
9. Zusammensetzung nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei zusätzlich ein nichtionisches Molekül vorhanden ist, verschieden von dem nichtionischen Tensid.
 
10. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 9, wobei das nichtionische Molekül ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Caprylglycol, Phenoxyethanol, Sorbitancaprylat und Mischungen davon.
 
11. Zusammensetzung nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, wobei das gesamte Tensid mit 5 bis 8% der Zusammensetzung vorhanden ist.
 
12. Verfahren zur Herstellung von Zusammensetzungen der Ansprüche 1-11, umfassend:

a) Bereitstellen von 5 bis 25 Gew.-% anionisches Tensid, 0 bis 5, bevorzugt 0,5 bis 4, Gew.-% nichtionisches Tensid, gegebenenfalls amphoteres Tensid und 0,5 bis 3% Caprylsäure;

b) Kombinieren der Komponenten von (a), um eine flüssige Mischung mit einem pH von 4,5 bis 5,5 zu bilden;

c) Verpacken der sich ergebenden Mischung in einen Behälter.


 
13. Nichttherapeutische Verwendung von 0,5 bis 3,0 Gew.-% Caprylsäure in Zusammensetzungen, umfassend 5 bis 25% anionisches Tensid, 0 bis 5, bevorzugt 0,5 bis 4, Gew.-% nichtionisches Tensid und gegebenenfalls amphoteres Tensid, wobei der pH der Zusammensetzung 4,5 bis 5,5 beträgt, um antibakterielle Aktivität sowohl gegen grampositive als auch gramnegative Bakterien bereitzustellen;
wobei zusätzlich eine organische Säure mit einem pKa von 4,5 bis 5,0, einem logP größer als 1,8 und einer Wasserlöslichkeit größer als 0,5 g/100 ml vorhanden ist.
 


Revendications

1. Composition liquide comprenant :

a) 5 à 25 % de tensioactif anionique ;

b) 0 à 5 % de tensioactif non-ionique

c) en option un tensioactif amphotère, où le tensioactif anionique représente 50 % ou plus des tensioactifs ;

d) 0,5 à 3 % d'acide caprylique ; où le pH est de 4,5 à 5,5, de préférence de 4,5 à 5,1,

où est de plus présent un acide organique ayant un pKa de 4,5 à 5,0, un logP supérieur à 1,8 et une solubilité dans l'eau supérieure à 0,5 g/100 ml.
 
2. Composition selon la revendication 1, où l'anionique est un tensioactif à base de sulfate d'alkyle, d'acide aminé ou des mélanges de ceux-ci.
 
3. Composition selon la revendication 1, où le non-ionique est optionnel à une teneur de 0,5 à 4 %.
 
4. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, où le tensioactif non-ionique, si présent, est un cocomonoalcanolamide.
 
5. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4 qui comprend de plus des agents antibactériens.
 
6. Composition selon la revendication 5, où un tel agent antibactérien est choisi dans le groupe consistant en thymol, terpinéol, argent, phénoxyéthanol, et mélanges de ceux-ci.
 
7. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, où l'acide organique est un phénylpropanoïde.
 
8. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, où ledit acide organique est l'acide 3-phénylpropionique.
 
9. Composition selon l'un quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, où est de plus présent une molécule non-ionique, séparée du tensioactif non-ionique.
 
10. Composition selon la revendication 9, où la molécule non-ionique est choisie dans le groupe consistant en capryl glycol, phénoxyéthanol, caprylate de sorbitane et mélanges de ceux-ci.
 
11. Composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1à 10, où le tensioactif total est présent à de 5 à 8 % de composition.
 
12. Procédé de fabrication de compositions selon les revendications 1-11, comprenant :

a) la fourniture de 5 à 25 % en masse de tensioactif anionique, 0 à 5 %, de préférence 0,5 à 4 % en masse de tensioactif non-ionique, de tensioactif amphotère optionnel et de 0,5 à 3 % d'acide caprylique ;

b) la combinaison desdits constituants de (a) pour former un mélange liquide ayant un pH de 4,5 à 5,5 ;

c) l'emballage du mélange résultant dans un récipient.


 
13. Utilisation non-thérapeutique de 0,5 à 3,0 % en masse d'acide caprylique dans des compositions comprenant de 5 à 25 % de tensioactif anionique, 0 à 5 %, de préférence 0,5 à 4 % en masse de tensioactif non-ionique et de tensioactif amphotère optionnel, où le pH de la composition est de 4,5 à 5,5, pour fournir une activité antibactérienne contre des bactéries à la fois gram positives et gram négatives ; où est de plus présent un acide organique ayant un pKa de 4,5 à 5,0, un logP supérieur à 1,8 et une solubilité dans l'eau supérieure à 0,5 g/100 ml.
 






Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description