(19)
(11)EP 3 701 946 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 18877798.1

(22)Date of filing:  15.11.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 31/357(2006.01)
A23L 33/10(2016.01)
A61K 31/216(2006.01)
A61K 31/215(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2018/013990
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/098699 (23.05.2019 Gazette  2019/21)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 15.11.2017 KR 20170152487
17.11.2017 KR 20170153861

(71)Applicant: Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology
Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34141 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KIM, Won Gon
    Daejeon 34141 (KR)
  • HAN, Baek Soo
    Daejeon 34141 (KR)
  • BYUN, Jeong Su
    Daejeon 34141 (KR)
  • NGUYEN, Van Minh
    Daejeon 34141 (KR)
  • CHOI, Ha Young
    Daejeon 34141 (KR)

(74)Representative: Gassner, Birgitta et al
REDL Life Science Patent Attorneys Donau-City-Straße 11
1220 Wien
1220 Wien (AT)

  


(54)COMPOSITION FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES, CONTAINING DITERPENE-BASED COMPOUND


(57) The present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. Specifically, the diterpene of the present invention can prevent or treat neurodegenerative diseases caused by inhibition of Nurrl activity by activating Nurrl and inhibiting the inflammatory response.




Description

BACKGROUND


Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0002] In addition, the present invention relates to a health functional food for preventing or improving neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Background Art



[0003] As various bio-regulatory functions of natural physiologically active substances separated from natural substances are known, research in fields such as development of new drugs using natural physiologically active substances and health functional food has been actively conducted. However, natural products contain a wide variety of physiologically active substances, but the physical and chemical properties of each substance are different, so even if the same natural product is extracted as a target, the kinds of bioactive substances that are separated according to the type of extraction solvent are different. In addition, even if the physiologically active substance is separated from the same natural product, it has been reported that there are different characteristics of the activity and its effect depending on the type. Therefore, recently, studies have been actively conducted to separate new and unknown bioactive substances by different extraction solvents for the same natural product.

[0004] Neurodegenerative diseases are associated with symptoms in which neurons degrade, lose function, and often die. Patients with neurodegenerative diseases may experience severe degeneration in cognitive or motor abilities, and as these diseases are predominantly progressive, their quality of life and expectations for life may be significantly reduced as a result.

[0005] These diseases include Parkinson's Disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington's disease (HD), Frontotemporal Dementia, Cortico Basal Degeneration, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and other diseases.

[0006] Meanwhile, a significant number of neurodegenerative diseases are significantly related to Nurrl. Specifically, US Patent Publication No. 2009-0226401 discloses that Parkinson's disease, a type of neurodegenerative disease, is a disease associated with dopaminergic neurons, and discloses a therapeutic effect of Parkinson's disease when Nurrl is activated. Also, International Patent Publication No. WO2010-04221 discloses that Nurrl plays an essential role in activating dopamine, and a method of treating Parkinson's disease by regulating the neurotransmission that activates Nurrl and activates dopamine.

[0007] The representative neurodegenerative disease caused by dysfunction of Nurrl is Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is one of the major diseases in modern aging society, which is characterized by tremor, stiffness, bradykinesia, and gait abnormality, and is a chronic disease caused by a lack of neurotransmitters called dopamine in the substantia nigra and corpus striatum of the brain.

[0008] Known drugs for treating Parkinson's disease include L-dopa drugs, dopamine receptor agonists, anti-cholinergic drugs, Eldepryl, etc. Most of these drugs do not provide causal treatment of Parkinson's disease, but act to control conditions, and thus need to be administered continually. Although many medicines have been produced and commercialized for the treatment of Parkinson's disease so far, an essential therapeutic agent for completely treating Parkinson's disease has not yet been developed.

[0009] Thus, the present inventors confirmed that the compounds obtained by using various extraction and fractionation solvents from the flowers, stems and roots of Daphne genkwa activate Nurr1 and suppress the inflammatory reaction, confirming that the therapeutic effect is excellent for various neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease caused by Nurr1 dysfunction and completed the present invention.

[0010] The present invention refers to the contents of the invention of US Patent Publication No. 2009-0226401 and International Patent Publication No. WO2010-04221.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION


Technical Problem



[0011] The object of the present invention is to provide a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0012] Also, the present invention is to provide a health functional food for preventing or improving neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Technical Solution



[0013] The present invention is a pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as an embodiment, wherein the diterpene provides a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating of neurodegenerative diseases using at least one selected from the group comprising Formulas 1 to 16 below.

[0014] Or the present invention provides a pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases using at least one selected from the group comprising a compound represented by Formula A as an active ingredient

[0015] The diterpene of the present invention is a compound represented by the following Formulas 1 to 16, specifically yuanhuafine (Formula 1), genkwadaphnine (Formula 2), genkwanine H (Formula 3), genkwanine M (Formula 4), genkwanin K (Formula) 5), yuanhuapine (Formula 6), genkwanin A (Formula 7), orthobenzoate 2 (Formula 8), 1, 2 α-dihydrodaphnetoxin (Formula 9) or genkwanin I (Formula 10), acutilonine F (Formula 11), wikstroemia factor M1 (Formula 12), prostratin Q (Formula 13), yuanhuadine (Formula 14), yuanhuatine (Formula 15) or 12-O-n-deca-2,4,6-trienoyl-phorbol- (13)-acetate (Formula 16).

















[0016] The compound of Formula 1, yuanhuafine, is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aS,8bR,9R,10R,10aS)-5,5a-dihydroxy-4a-(hydroxymethyl)-7, 9-dimethyl-6-oxo-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-3a,3b,3c,4a,5,5a,8a,9,10, 10a-decahydro-6H-2,8b-epoxyoxireno[2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo [1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-10-yl acetate.

[0017] The compound of Formula 2, genkwadaphnine, is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aS, 8bR,9R,10R,10aS)-5,5a-dihydroxy-4a-(hydroxymethyl)-7,9-dimethyl-6-oxo-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-3a,3b,3c,4a,5,5a,8a,9,10, 10a-decahydro-6H-2,8b-epoxyoxireno[2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4] benzo [1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-10-yl benzoate.

[0018] The compound of Formula 3, genkwanine H is named the IUPAC name of ((2S,3aR,4S,5S,6S,6aR,7S,8S,9bR,10R,11aR)-4,5,6,6a,7-pentahydroxy-8,10-dimethyl-2-phenyl-11a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)dodecahydro-5H-2,9b-epoxyazuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)methyl benzoate.

[0019] The compound of Formula 4, genkwanine M is named the IUPAC name of ((2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aR,6S,7S,8bR,9R,10aR)-5,5a,6-trihydroxy-7,9-dimethyl-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)dodecahydro-4aH-2,8b-epoxyoxireno [2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-4a-yl)methyl benzoate,

[0020] The compound of Formula 5, genkwanin K is named the IUPAC name of ((2S,3S,3aR,4S,5S,6S,7R,8R,10R,10aR)-7-(benzoyloxy)-3,3a,4,5,6,8,10a-heptahydroxy-2,10-dimethyl-8-(prop-1-en-2-yl)tetradecahydrobenzo[e]azulen-5-yl)methyl benzoate.

[0021] The compound of Formula 6, yuanhuapine is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aS,7S,8bR,9R,10R,10aS)-5,5a-dihydroxy-4a-(hydroxymethyl)-7,9-dimethyl-6-oxo-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)dodecahydro-6H-2,8b-epoxyoxireno[2",3":6',7']azuleno [5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-10-yl acetate.

[0022] The compound of Formula 7, genkwanin A is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,4S,5S,6S,6aR,7S,9bR,10R,11aR)-5-(hydroxymethyl)-8,10-dimethyl-2-phenyl-11a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-3a,3b,4,5,6,7,9a,10,11,11a-decahydro-6aH-2,9b-epoxyazuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxole-4,5,6,6a,7-pentaol.

[0023] The compound of Formula 8, orthobenzoate 2 is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aR,6S,7S,8bR,9R,10aR)-4a-(hydroxymethyl)-7,9-dimethyl-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)dodecahydro-5aH-2,8b-epoxyoxireno [2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxole-5,5a,6-triol.

[0024] The compound of Formula 9, 1, 2 α-dihydrodaphnetoxin is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aS,7S,8bR,9R,10aR)-5,5a-dihydroxy-4a-(hydroxymethyl) -7,9-dimethyl-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)dodecahydro-6H-2,8b-epoxyoxireno [2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-6-one.

[0025] The compound of Formula 11, acutilonine F is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aS,6S,7S,8bR,9R,10aR)-5,5a-dihydroxy-4a-(hydroxymethyl) -7,9-dimethyl-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)dodecahydro-6H-2,8b-epoxyoxireno [2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-6-yl (2E,4E,6E)-deca-2,4,6-trienoate.

[0026] The compound of Formula 12, wikstroemia factor M1 is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aS,6S,7S,8bR,9R,10aR)-5,5a-dihydroxy-4a-(hydroxymethyl) -7,9-dimethyl-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)dodecahydro-6H-2,8b-epoxyoxireno [2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-6-yl (2E,4E)-deca-2,4-dienoate.

[0027] The compound of Formula 13, prostratin Q is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3bS,3cS,4aR,5S,5aS,8aR,8bR,9R,10R,10aS)-5,5a-dihydroxy-4a-(hydroxymethyl)-7,9-dimethyl-2-((1E,3E)-nona-1,3-dien-1-yl)-6-oxo-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-3a,3b,3c,4a,5,5a,8a,9,10,10a-decahydro-6H-2,8b-epoxyoxireno [2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-10-yl acetate.

[0028] The compound of Formula 14, yuanhuadine is named the IUPAC name of (2S,3aR,3cS,4aR,5S,5aS,8bR,9R,10R,10aS)-5,5a-dihydroxy-4a-(hydroxymethyl)-7,9-dimethyl-6-oxo-2-phenyl-10a-(prop-1-en-2-yl)dodecahydro-6H-2,8b-epoxyoxireno[2",3":6',7']azuleno[5',4':3,4]benzo[1,2-d][1,3]dioxol-10-yl benzoate.

[0029] The compound of Formula 15, yuanhuatine is named the IUPAC name of (1aR,1bS,4aR,7aS,7bS,8R,9R,9aS)-9a-acetoxy-4a,7b-dihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl) -1,1,6,8-tetramethyl-5-oxo-1a,1b,4,4a,5,7a,7b,8,9,9a-decahydro-1H-cyclopropa[3,4]benzo[1,2-e]azulen-9-yl (2E,4E)-deca-2,4-dienoate.

[0030] The compound of Formula 16, 12-O-n-deca-2,4,6-trienoyl-phorbol-(13)-acetate is named the IUPAC name of (4aR,7bS,8R,9R,9aS)-9a-acetoxy-4a,7b-dihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-1,1,6,8-tetramethyl-5-oxo-1a,1b,4,4a,5,7a,7b,8,9,9a-decahydro-1H-cyclopropa[3,4]benzo[1,2-e]azulen-9-yl (2E,4E,6E)-deca-2,4,6-trienoate.

[0031] The diterpene may be prepared by a method known to those skilled in the art, or may be prepared by purchasing or synthesizing a commercially available compound, and may be separated and purified from a plant known in the art using a polar or non-polar solvent. Specifically, the compound can be extracted and separated from the red beans. More specifically, the compound can be separated from the extract of flower, stem, root of Daphne genkwa.

[0032] As used herein, the term "Daphne genkwa" refers to a deciduous shrub of dicotyledonous Myrtales thymelaeaceae, and is also called lilac daphne. It grows mainly on the seashore.

[0033] The extract of Daphne genkwa the present invention means an extract obtained from the flowers, stems and roots of Daphne genkwa. Specifically, the extract may be an extract obtained by extracting the flowers, stems and / or roots of Daphne genkwa with water or an organic solvent, more specifically, it may be an extract obtained by extraction with water, C1 to C5 lower alkyl alcohol or a mixed solvent thereof. The alkyl alcohol may be 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% or 100% alkyl alcohol.

[0034] The extract of Daphne genkwa according to an embodiment of the present invention is preferably an extract extracted with 80% ethanol.

[0035] The extract of Daphne genkwa may be a fraction of the extract, wherein the fraction refers to an active fraction obtained by fractionating the compound of the present invention from the extract of Daphne genkwa using a specific solvent.

[0036] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the obtained extract of Daphne genkwa is obtained by separating the fractional layer of each solvent using an organic solvent such as hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol or distilled water or a mixed solvent thereof, and the compounds of the present invention can be separated and purified to high purity using a separation method known in the art, such as chromatography, to produce a fraction.

[0037] The pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may be used in the form of any one or more compounds selected from the group containing the compounds of Formulas 1 to 16 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. As used herein, the term "pharmaceutically acceptable salt" refers to any salt that retains the desired biological and / or physiological activity of the compound, and the undesirable toxicological effect is minimal. As the salt, an acid addition salt formed by a pharmaceutically acceptable free acid is useful. Acid addition salts are prepared by conventional methods, for example, by dissolving the compound in an excess of an aqueous acid solution, and precipitating the salt using a water miscible organic solvent such as methanol, ethanol, acetone or acetonitrile. Equivalent amounts of the compound and acid or alcohol in water (e.g., glycol monomethyl ether) can be heated and then the mixture is evaporated to dryness or the precipitated salt can be suction filtered. At this time, inorganic and organic acids can be used as the free acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid can be used as the inorganic acid, and as the organic acid, methane sulfonic acid, p-toluene sulfonic acid, acetic acid, Trifluoroacetic acid, maleic acid, succinic acid, oxalic acid, benzoic acid, tartaric acid, fumaric acid, mandelic acid, propionic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, glycolic acid, gluconic acid, galacturonic acid, glutamic acid, glutaric acid, glucuronic acid, aspartic acid, ascorbic acid, carbonic acid, vanillic acid, hydroiodic acid, and the like can be used, but are not limited thereto.

[0038] Also, bases can be used to make pharmaceutically acceptable metal salts. The alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salt is obtained, for example, by dissolving the compound in an excess of an alkali metal hydroxide or alkaline earth metal hydroxide solution, filtering the insoluble compound salt, and then evaporating and drying the filtrate. At this time, as the metal salt, it is particularly suitable to manufacture sodium, potassium, or calcium salts, but is not limited thereto. Further, the corresponding silver salt can be obtained by reacting an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salt with a suitable silver salt (e.g., silver nitrate).

[0039] The pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of Formulas 1 to 16, unless otherwise stated, include almost all salts of acidic or basic groups that may be present in the compounds. For example, pharmaceutically acceptable salts may include sodium, calcium and potassium salts of hydroxy groups, and other pharmaceutically acceptable salts of amino groups include hydrobromide, sulfate, hydrogen sulfate, phosphate, hydrogen phosphate, dihydrogen phosphate, acetate, succinate, citrate, tartrate, lactate, mandelate, methane sulfonate (mesylate) and p-toluene sulfonate (tosylate) salts, and may be prepared by a method for preparing a salt known in the art.

[0040] The pharmaceutical composition comprising the diterpene of the present invention, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be provided for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Specifically, the neurodegenerative diseases may be any one selected from the group consisting of Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington's disease (HD), Fronto-Temporal Dementia, Cortico Basal Degeneration, and Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP).

[0041] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the compounds of Formulas 1 to 16 increased Nurrl activity (Tables 2 and Fig. 2), and inhibited the nitric oxide production in microglia cells (Table 4). Specifically, the compounds of Formulas 2 and 8 show a better effect of increasing Nurrl activity, and more specifically, Formula 2 shows not only an effect of increasing Nurrl activity, but also a superior inhibition activity on nitric oxide production.

[0042] Also, the compounds of Formulas 11 to 16 increase Nurrl activity (Table 3), inhibit the nitric oxide production e in microglia cells (Table 5), and inhibit the production of proinflammatory cytokines in microglia cells (Fig. 1). Specifically, the compounds of Formulas 13, 14, and 16 show a better effect of increasing Nurrl activity, and more specifically, Formula 14 shows not only an effect of increasing Nurrl activity, but also a better inhibition activity on nitric oxide production.

[0043] Accordingly, a pharmaceutical composition comprising any one or more compounds selected from the group comprising the compounds of Formulas 1 to 16 of the present invention, or salts thereof, may be useful for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, wherein the compound included in the pharmaceutical composition may be any one or more compounds of Formulas 1 to 16.

[0044] As used herein, the term "treatment" refers to clinically intervening to alter the natural course of the individual or cell to be treated, which can be performed during or to prevent a clinical pathological condition. The desired therapeutic effects include preventing the occurrence or recurrence of the disease, alleviating symptoms, reducing all direct or indirect pathological consequences of the disease, reducing the rate of disease progression, alleviating or temporarily alleviating the disease state, relieving or improving prognosis. Preferably, the present invention includes all actions to improve the course of neurodegenerative diseases by administration of a composition comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. Also, "prevention" refers to all actions to suppress or delay the development of the neurodegenerative disease by administration of a composition comprising a diterpene according to the present invention, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0045] The pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may further include a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier in addition to the diterpene or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as an active ingredient.

[0046] The type of carrier that can be used in the present invention is not particularly limited, and any carrier conventionally used in the art may be used. Non-limiting examples of the carrier can include saline, sterile water, Ringer's solution, buffered saline, albumin injection solution, lactose, dextrose, sucrose, sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol, erythritol, maltitol, maltodextrin, glycerol, ethanol, and the like. These may be used alone or in combination of 2 or more.

[0047] In addition, the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention can be used by adding other pharmaceutically acceptable additives, such as excipients, diluents, antioxidants, buffers or bacteriostatic agents, if necessary, and may be used by additionally adding a filler, a bulking agent, a wetting agent, a disintegrating agent, a dispersing agent, a surfactant, a binder, or a lubricant.

[0048] In the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention, the diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be included in an amount of 0.01 to 90.00% by weight based on the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition, preferably 0.01% to 90.00% by weight, more preferably 0.1% to 70% by weight, much more preferably 0.1% to 50% by weight, but is not limited thereto, and may be variously changed according to a state of administration, a specific type of condition, and progression. If necessary, it may also be included in the total content of the pharmaceutical composition.

[0049] The pharmaceutical composition of the present invention is suitable for oral administration or parenteral administration and can be used in various formulations.

[0050] Non-limiting examples of formulations for oral administration using the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention include troches, lozenges, tablets, aqueous suspensions, oily suspensions, preparation powders, granules, emulsions, hard capsules, soft capsules, syrups or elixirs.

[0051] In order to formulate the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention for oral administration, binders such as lactose, saccharose, sorbitol, mannitol, starch, amylopectin, cellulose or gelatin, etc.; excipients such as dicalcium phosphate; disintegrants such as corn starch or sweet potato starch; lubricants such as magnesium stearate, calcium stearate, sodium stearyl fumarate or polyethylene glycol wax, etc. and sweetener, fragrance, syrup, etc. may also be used. Furthermore, in the case of capsules, in addition to the above-mentioned substances, a liquid carrier such as fatty oil may be additionally used.

[0052] Non-limiting examples of parenteral preparations using the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention include injection solutions, suppositories, respiratory inhalation powders, spray aerosols, ointments, application powders, oils, creams, and the like.

[0053] In order to formulate the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention for parenteral administration, sterilized aqueous solutions, non-aqueous solvents, suspensions, emulsions, freeze-dried preparations, external preparations, etc. may be used, wherein the non-aqueous solvent and suspension can be propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, vegetable oil such as olive oil, and injectable ester such as ethyl oleate.

[0054] When the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention is formulated as an injectable solution, the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention is mixed in water with a stabilizer or a buffer to prepare a solution or suspension, which can be formulated for unit administration of ampoules or vials.

[0055] When the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention is formulated as an aerosol agent, a propellant or the like may be combined with an additive so that the dispersed concentrate or wet powder is dispersed.

[0056] When the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention is formulated with ointment, cream, powder for application, oil, external preparation for skin, etc., animal oil, vegetable oil, wax, paraffin, starch, trakant, cellulose derivative, polyethylene glycol, silicone, bentonite, Silica, talc, zinc oxide and the like can be used as a carrier.

[0057] The pharmaceutically effective amount and effective dose of the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may be varied by the formulation method of the pharmaceutical composition, the administration mode, the administration time and / or the route of administration, and the type and extent of the reaction to be achieved by the administration of the pharmaceutical composition, the type of the subject to be administered, the age, weight, general health condition, the symptom or severity of the disease, sex, diet, excretion, the components of the drug or other composition used concurrently or separately with the subject and similar factors well known in the pharmaceutical field, and those skilled in the art can easily determine and prescribe a dose effective for the desired treatment.

[0058] The pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may be administered once a day, or may be divided into several times. The pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may be administered as an individual therapeutic agent or in combination with other therapeutic agents, and may be administered sequentially or simultaneously with conventional therapeutic agents. Considering all of the above factors, it can be administered in an amount that can obtain the maximum effect in a minimal amount without side effects, which can be easily determined by those skilled in the art.

[0059] "Pharmaceutically effective amount" for treatment means an amount sufficient to suppress or alleviate the disease in a reasonable ratio applicable to medical use, and the effective dose level can be decided by the type of subject, severity, age, sex, drug activity, drug sensitivity, the administration time and / or the route of administration and rate of release, duration of treatment, factors including concurrently used drugs, and other factors well known in the medical field. The composition of the present invention may be administered as an individual therapeutic agent or in combination with other therapeutic agents, and may be administered sequentially or simultaneously with conventional therapeutic agents. And it can be administered single or multiple.

[0060] Considering all of the above factors, it is important to administer an amount that can achieve the maximum effect in a minimal amount without side effects, and can be easily determined by those skilled in the art. For example, a pharmaceutically effective amount is 0.01 mg/day/kg body weight to 100 mg/day/kg body weight, specifically 0.1 mg/day/kg body weight to 10 mg/day/kg body weight to diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. The route of administration and the mode of administration of the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may be independent of each other, and as long as the pharmaceutical composition can reach the target site of interest, any route of administration and mode of administration can be followed without particular limitation. The pharmaceutical composition may be administered by oral administration or parenteral administration.

[0061] As a method for parenteral administration of the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention, intravenous administration, intraperitoneal administration, intramuscular administration, transdermal administration or subcutaneous administration may be used, and a method of applying the composition to the diseased area, spraying, or inhaling may also be used, but is not limited thereto.

[0062] The pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may exhibit excellent effects even when used alone, but may be used in combination with various cancer treatment methods such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy to increase the treatment efficiency.

[0063] As another aspect of the present invention, the present invention is a pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of diseases caused by a Nurrl dysfunction comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the diterpene provides a pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, at least one selected from the group comprising Formulas 1 to 16.

[0064] The term "Nurr1(nuclear receptor related 1)" in the present invention refers to nuclear receptor-related 1 protein, also known as NR4A2 (nuclear receptor subfamily [0037] 4, group A, member 2), which is known to be encoded by the human NR4A2 gene, and it is also known to be involved in many neurodegenerative diseases. Although Nurrl is an orphan nuclear receptor whose ligand has not yet been clearly identified, but Nurrl is a protein belonging to the nuclear receptor family of intracellular transcription factors, and it was identified that Nurrl plays a key role in maintaining the dopaminergic system in the brain. The disease caused by Nurrl dysfunction is not limited thereto, but include neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington's disease (HD), and Fronto-Temporal Dementia, Cortico Basal Degeneration, and Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and a wide range of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder caused by dopamine dysfunction.

[0065] As another aspect of the present invention, as a dietary supplement for preventing or improving neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, the diterpene provides a health functional food for preventing or improving neurodegenerative diseases, which is at least one selected from the group containing Formulas 1 to 16.

[0066] The health functional food is a food that emphasizes the bio-regulatory function of food, and is a food that adds added value to act and express a specific purpose using physical, biochemical, and biotechnological methods. The components of these health functional foods are designed and processed to sufficiently exert the body control functions related to the body's defense and control of body rhythm, and prevention and recovery of diseases, and may contain food supplementary additives, sweeteners, or functional ingredients acceptable as food.

[0067] When using the diterpene of the present invention, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, as a health functional food (or health functional beverage additive), the compound is added as it is or used with other foods or food ingredients, and may be suitably used according to conventional methods. The mixing amount of the compound may be appropriately determined according to its purpose of use (prevention, health or improvement, therapeutic treatment).

[0068] The health functional food may contain various nutrients, vitamins, minerals (electrolytes), flavoring agents such as synthetic flavors and natural flavors, colorants and enhancers (cheese, chocolate, etc.), pectic acid and salts thereof, organic acids, protective colloidal thickeners, pH adjusters, stabilizers, preservatives, glycerin, alcohol, carbonic acid used in carbonated drinks, and the like. Also, the health functional food of the present invention may contain flesh for the production of fruit and vegetable beverages. These ingredients may be used alone or in combination, and the proportion of these additives is generally selected from 0.001 to 50 parts by weight per total weight of the composition.

[0069] There are no particular restrictions on the type of the health functional food. Foods to which the compound can be added include sausage, meat, bread, chocolates, snacks, candy, confectionery, ramen, pizza, other noodles, gums, dairy products including ice cream, various soups, drinks, tea, alcoholic beverages and vitamin complexes, and the like. When formulated as a beverage, liquid components added in addition to new lactic acid bacteria are not limited thereto, but as with ordinary beverages, various flavoring agents or natural carbohydrates, and the like may be included as additional components. The natural carbohydrate include monosaccharides (for example, glucose and fructose), disaccharides (for example, maltose and sucrose), polysaccharides (for example, dextrin, common sugars such as cyclodextrin, etc.), or xylitol, sorbitol, sugar alcohol such as erythritol, etc.

[0070] The present invention provides a method for treating neurodegenerative diseases, comprising a step administering to a subject a pharmaceutical composition comprising a diterpene or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as an active ingredient.

[0071] In the present invention, the subject refers to all animals, including humans, who have or develop neurodegenerative diseases, and may be subjects other than humans. By administering the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention to a subject, it shows an excellent effect in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.

[0072] The present invention provides the use of a composition comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.

[0073] The present invention provides a composition comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.

Effects of the invention



[0074] The diterpene of the present invention improves Nurrl activity and exhibits an effect of inhibiting an inflammatory response in neurons, thereby it can be effectively used for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease caused by inhibition of Nurrl activity.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0075] 

Fig. 1 shows that compounds 11 to 16 of the present invention inhibit the expression of inflammation-related factors in BV-2 cells, which are microglia cells;

Fig. 1A shows that the inhibition of IL-lb expression was confirmed by Western blotting.

Fig. 1B is a graph confirming that the inhibition of IL-lb mRNA expression through PCR.

Fig. 1C is a graph confirming the inhibition of IL-6 mRNA expression through PCR.

Fig. 1D is a graph confirming through the PCR that inhibit the mRNA expression of TNF-a.

Fig. 2 is a graph confirming the effect of the compounds 1 to 10 of the present invention on Nurrl activity


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0076] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to examples. However, these examples are for illustrative purposes only, and the scope of the present invention is not limited to these examples.

Example 1-a: Preparation of the extract of Daphne genkwa



[0077] 4.47 kg of dried flowers of Daphne genkwa were immersed in 40 L 80% ethanol for 72 hours, and filtered to obtain a liquid component. The obtained liquid component was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then 435 g of the extract of flower of Daphne genkwa was prepared.

Example 1-b



[0078] 4.47 kg of the stem and root of Daphne genkwa were chopped, and then immersed in 12 L 80% ethanol for 4 hours, filtered to separate the solids and a first liquid component. The separated solid was again immersed in 12 L 80% ethanol for 4 hours, and filtered to obtain a second liquid component. The first liquid component and the second liquid component were mixed, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was lyophilized to prepare 255.1 g of extract of Daphne genkwa.

Example 2: Separation of active ingredient by various solvents from the extract of Daphne genkwa



[0079] The extract of the flower of Daphne genkwa obtained in Example 1-a was sequentially fractionated with 2 L of distilled water and 2 L of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and butanol, respectively. The chloroform layer was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the chloroform fraction (17.6 g) was eluted with a gradient mixed solvent (100:0, 50:1, 20:1, 10:1, 5:1, 2:1, 1:1) of chloroform and methanol with silica gel column chromatography to obtain a total of 3 fractions (Fr. C1, C2, C3). Fr. C2 (4.5 g) was subjected to ODS silica gel chromatography with the gradient mixed solvent (60:40, 80:20, 100:0) of methanol and water to obtain 5 sub-fractions (Fr. C21, C22, C23, C24, C25). Fr. C23 (300 mg) was again subjected to silica gel (40-63 µm; 4 g flash column) MPLC on a gradient mixed solvent of chloroform and acetone (99:1-95:5) to obtain 3 sub-fractions (Fr. C231, C232, C233). Fr. C233 (140 mg) was finally subjected to ODS HPLC with 55% acetonitrile at a flow rate of 5 mL/min to obtain yuanhuafine (25.5 mg, compound of Formula 1) in the form of a white powder. The structure of the compound was identified based on the following NMR, MS, and [α]20D data.

[α]20D +29. 3 (c 0.5, CHCl3);

ESI-MS, m/z 573.9 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 7.68 (dd, J = 7.3, 1.8, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.57 (s, 1H, H-1'), 7.41 - 7.37 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.08 (br, 1H, H-12), 5.05 (s, 1H, H-16a), 5.02 (d, J = 2.4, 1H, H-16b), 4.98 (br, 1H, H-14), 4.14 (s, 1H, H-5), 4.05 (d, J = 12.3, 1H, H-20a), 3.96 (m, 1H, H-10), 3.65 (dd, J = 7.3, 4.9, 1H, H-20b), 3.59 (s, 1H, H-8), 2.54 (q, J = 7.3, 1H, H-11), 2.00 (s, 3H, H-2"), 1.86 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.76 (d, J = 1.1, 3H, H-19), 1.32 (d, J = 7.3, 3H, H-18);

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 101 Hz): δC 209.8 (C-3), 171.6 (C-1"), 160.0 (C-1), 145.0 (C-15), 138.3 (C-2), 137.2 (C-2'), 130.5 (C-5'), 128.9 (C-4', C-6'), 127.2 (C-3', C-7'), 119.1 (C-1'), 113.9 (C-16), 85.4 (C-13), 82.1 (C-14), 80.3 (C-9), 79.8 (C-12), 74.5 (C-4), 71.3 (C-5), 65.1 (C-20), 64.7 (C-7), 63.2 (C-6), 48.9 (C-10), 45.1 (C-11), 36.6 (C-8), 21.0 (C-2"), 19.1 (C-18), 18.7 (C-17), 10.0 (C-19).



[0080] Fr. C24 (210 mg) was again subjected to Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography with a mixed solvent of chloroform and methanol (1:1), and was finally subjected to ODS HPLC with a 65% acetonitrile at a flow rate of 5 mL/min to obtain genkwadaphnine (25.0 mg, compound of Formula 2) in the form of a white powder. The structure of the compound was identified based on the following NMR, MS, and [α]20D data.

[α]20D +56.7 (c 0.1, CHCl3);

ESI-MS, m/z 625.5 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz); δH 7.98 (d, J = 7.5, 2H, H-3", H-7"), 7.72 (m, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.61 (m, 1H, H-5"), 7.59 (s, 1H, H-1), 7.48 (t, J = 7.7, 2H, H-4", H-6"), 7.40 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.26 (br, 1H, H-12), 5.21 (d, J = 2.4, 1H, H-14), 5.13 (s, 1H, H-16a), 5.02 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.13 (s, 1H, H-5), 4.06 (d, J = 12.3, 1H, H-20a), 3.99 (m, 1H, H-10), 3.76 (d, J = 2.3, 1H, H-8), 3.68 (s, 1H, H-7), 3.66 (d, J = 12.5, 1H, H-20b), 2.69 (q, J = 7.3, 1H, H-11), 1.90 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.75 (s, 3H, H-19), 1.42 (d, J = 7.3, 3H, H-18);

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 101 Hz): δC 209.8 (C-3), 166.9 (C-1"), 160.0 (C-1), 144.9 (C-15), 138.2 (C-2), 137.2 (C-2'), 134.5 (C-5"), 131.1 (C-2"), 130.7 (C-3", C-7"), 130.5 (C-5'), 129.7 (C-4", C-6"), 128.9 (C-4', C-6'), 127.2 (C-3', C-7'), 119.1 (C-1'), 114.1 (C-16), 85.7 (C-13), 82.0 (C-14), 80.4 (C-9), 80.2 (C-12), 74.4 (C-4), 71.4 (C-5), 65.2 (C-20), 64.8 (C-7), 63.2 (C-6), 49.9 (C-10), 45.3 (C-11), 37.0 (C-8), 19.1 (C-17), 18.9 (C-18), 10.0 (C-19).



[0081] Fr. C25 (130 mg) was again subjected to Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography with a mixed solvent of chloroform and methanol (1:1), and was finally subjected to ODS HPLC with a 70% acetonitrile at a flow rate of 5 mL/min to obtain genkwanine H (4.0 mg, compound of Formula 3) and genkwanine M (4.0 mg, compound of Formula 4) in the form of a white powder. The structure of the compound was identified based on the following NMR, MS, and [α]20D data.

[α]20D +46.2 (c 1.5, CHCl3);

ESI-MS, m/z 631.6 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 8.09 (d, J = 7.4, 2H, H-3", H-7"), 7.67 (d, J = 9.5, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.60 (t, J = 7.4, 1H, H-5"), 7.49 (t, J = 7.6, 2H, H-4", H-6"), 7.36 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.07 (s, 1H, H-16a), 4.91 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.78 (d, J = 11.0, 1H, H-20a), 4.62 (d, J = 2.5, 1H, H-14), 4.61 (s, 1H, H-7), 4.51 (d, J = 11.1, 1H, H-20b), 4.16 (d, J = 4.1, 1H, H-2), 3.41 (s, 1H, H-5), 2.74 (m, 2H, H-10, H-11), 2.67 (d, J = 2.3, 1H, H-8), 2.34 (dd, J = 14.1, 8.0, 1H, H-12a), 1.84 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.81 - 1.65 (m, 4H, H-1, H-2, H-12b), 1.31 (d, J = 6.9, 3H, H-18), 1.06 (d, J = 6.0, 3H, H-19);

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 176 Hz): δC 168.4 (C-1"), 148.3 (C-15), 137.9 (C-2'), 134.4 (C-5"), 131.8 (C-2"), 130.8 (C-3", C-7"), 130.5 (C-5'), 129.7 (C-3', C-7'), 129.1 (C-4", C-6"), 127.2 (C-4', C-6'), 118.6 (C-1'), 111.5 (C-16), 86.9 (C-13), 86.6 (C-14), 85.6 (C-9), 82.7 (C-4), 78.9 (C-3), 77.6 (C-6), 77.2 (C-7), 74.8 (C-5), 68.9 (C-20), 52.9 (C-10), 38.4 (C-8), 37.5 (C-12), 37.4 (C-2), 36.5 (C-11), 36.1 (C-1), 21.5 (C-18), 19.6 (C-17), 13.8 (C-19).



[α]20D -8.4 (c 0.05, MeOH);

ESI-MS, m/z 613.5 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 8.07 (d, J = 7.3, 2H, H-3", H-7"), 7.69 (d, J = 9.5, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.61 (t, J = 7.4, 1H, H-5"), 7.49 (t, J = 7.7, 2H, H-4", H-6"), 7.35 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.07 (s, 1H, H-16a), 5.06 (d, J = 12.0, 1H, H-20a), 4.91 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.63 (d, J = 2.6, 1H, H-14), 4.05 (d, J = 11.8, 1H, H-20b), 3.83 (s, 1H, H-3), 3.78 (s, 1H, H-5), 3.53 (s, 1H, H-7), 3.18 (d, J = 2.6, 1H, H-8), 2.67 (t, J = 9.0, 1H, H-10), 2.48 (m, 1H, H-11), 2.31 (dd, J = 14.1, 8.0, 1H, H-12a), 1.84 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.79 - 1.55 (m, 4H, H-1, H-2, H-12b), 1.27 (d, J = 6.8, 3H, H-18), 1.04 (d, J = 5.2, 3H, H-19);

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 176 Hz): δC 168.0 (C-1"), 148.5 (C-15), 138.2 (C-2'), 134.4 (C-5"), 131.6 (C-2"), 130.8 (C-3", C-7"), 130.3 (C-5'), 129.74 (C-4", C-6"), 128.9 (C-3', C-7'), 127.4 (C-4', C-6'), 118.8 (C-1'), 111.4 (C-16), 86.1 (C-13), 84.0 (C-14), 82.2 (C-4), 81.1 (C-9), 78.8 (C-3), 73.4 (C-5), 69.3 (C-20), 65.8 (C-7), 62.0 (C-6), 50.3 (C-10), 38.4 (C-2), 38.0 (C-8), 37.2 (C-12), 36.6 (C-11), 36.1 (C-1), 21.6 (C-18), 19.6 (C-17), 13.7 (C-19).



[0082] Fr. C3 (4.0 g) was subjected to ODS silica gel chromatography with the gradient mixed solvent (60:40, 80:20, 100:0) of methanol and water to obtain 4 sub-fractions (Fr. C31, C32, C33, C34). Fr. C34 (1.06 g) was subjected to Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography with methanol to obtain 3 sub-fractions (Fr. C341, C342, C343). Fr. C341 (120 mg), C342 (180 mg), and C343 (119 mg) were finally subjected to ODS HPLC with 50% acetonitrile at a flow rate of 4.5 mL / min, respectively, to obtain genkwanin K (9.6 mg, compound of Formula 5) from Fr. C341, yuanhuapine (79.5 mg, compound of Formula 6) from Fr. C342, genkwanin A (4.7 mg, compound of Formula 7), orthobenzoate 2 (85.6 mg, compound of Formula 8), 1, 2α-dihydrodaphnetoxin (2.9 mg, compound of Formula 9) and genkwanin I (2.4 mg, Formula 10 Compound) from Fr. C343 in the form of a white powder. The structure of the compound was identified based on the following NMR, MS, and [α]20D data.

[α]20D +38.5 (c 0.1, CHCl3);

ESI-MS, m/z 627.6 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 7.98 (d, J = 7.5, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.90 (d, J = 7.5, 2H, H-3", H-7"), 7.57 (m, 2H, H-5', H-5"), 7.44 (d, J = 7.7, 2H, H-4", H-6"), 7.42 (d, J = 7.6, 2H, H-4', H-6'), 5.72 (d, J = 6.2, 1H, H-14), 5.06 (s, 1H, H-16a), 4.84 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.62 (d, J = 13.4, 1H, H-20a), 4.42 (d, J = 3.0, 1H, H-3), 4.24 (d, J = 5.15, 1H, H-20b), 4.19, (d, J = 2.4, H-7), 3.33 (s, 1H, H-5), 3.15 (d, J = 6.2, 1H, H-8), 2.34 (m, 2H, H-10, H-11), 2.01 (m, 3H, H-2, H-1a, H-12a), 1.81 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.60 (m, 2H, H-1b, H-12b), 1.24 (d, J = 7.1, 3H, H-18), 1.08 (d, J = 6.5, 3H, H-19);

13C NMR values in ppm (CDCl3, 101 Hz): δC 168.3 (C-1"), 166.7 (C-1'), 148.1 (C-15), 133.6 (C-5"), 133.5 (C-5"), 130.2 (C-3", C-7"), 130.1 (C-3', C-7'), 129.9 (C-2"), 129.4 (C-2'), 128.7 (C-4", C-6"), 128.6 (C-4', C-6'), 111.6 (C-16), 83.8 (C-4), 77.9 (C-9), 77.4 (C-6), 77.3 (C-14), 76.0 (C-7), 75.5 (C-3), 74.5 (C-13), 73.2 (C-5), 67.4 (C-20), 54.6 (C-10), 40.6 (C-8), 37.9 (C-12), 36.6 (C-2), 34.9 (C-1), 34.4 (C-11), 19.5 (C-18), 19.0 (C-17), 13.5 (C-19).



[α]20D +28.5 (c 0.05, CHCl3);

ESI-MS, m/z 565.5 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 7.67 (m, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.37 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.07 (s, 1H, H-16a), 5.07 (d, J = 2.9, 1H, H-12), 5.04 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.95 (d, J = 2.7, 1H, H-14), 4.02 (s, 1H, H-5), 4.02 (d, J = 12.1, 1H, H-20a), 3.61 (d, J = 2.9, 1H, H-8), 3.60 (d, J = 10.6, 1H, H-20b), 3.54 (s, 1H, H-7), 3.18 (dd, J = 13.3, 5.8, 1H, H-10), 2.47 (q, J = 6.9, 1H, H-11), 2.38 (dt, J = 13.3, 6.8, 1H, H-1a), 2.25 (dt, J = 13.0, 6.6, 1H, H-1b), 2.01 (s, 3H, H-2"), 1.86 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.46 (d, J = 13.1, 1H, H-2), 1.37 (d, J = 7.0, 3H, H-18), 1.07 (d, J = 6.5, 3H, H-19);

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 101 Hz): δC 218.9 (C-3), 171.6 (C-1"), 145.0 (C-15), 137.4 (C-2'), 130.4 (C-5'), 128.8 (C-4', C-6'), 127.1 (C-3', C-5'), 119.3 (C-1'), 113.7 (C-16), 84.8 (C-13), 82.3 (C-14), 80.6 (C-9), 79.2 (C-12), 77.0 (C-4), 70.5 (C-5), 65.3 (C-20), 64.6 (C-7), 63.3 (C-6), 44.9 (C-11), 44.8 (C-10), 43.7 (C-1), 36.8 (C-8), 34.5 (C-2), 21.1 (C-2"), 19.1 (C-18), 19.0 (C-17), 12.8 (C-19).



[α]20D +47.7 (c 0.1, CHCl3);

ESI-MS, m/z 505.6 [M+H]+ and m/z 527.4 [M+Na]+;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 7.66 (dd, J = 6.6, 3.0, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.38 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.07 (d, J = 6.5, 1H, H-16a), 4.91 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.60 (d, J = 2.5, 1H, H-14), 4.42 (s, 1H, H-7), 4.13 (d, J = 4.6, 1H, H-3), 3.82 (q, J = 11.0, 2H, H-20), 3.38 (s, 1H, H-5), 2.71 (m, 2H, H-10, H-11), 2.62 (d, J = 2.4, 1H, H-8), 2.32 (dd, J = 14.1, 8.0, 1H, H-12a), 1.87 (m, 2H, H-1a, H-2), 1.83 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.69 (m, 1H, H-1b), 1.62 (m, 2H, H-12b), 1.30 (d, J = 6.9, 3H, H-18), 1.05 (d, J = 6.2, 3H, H-19):

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 101 Hz): δC 148.3 (C-15), 137.9 (C-15), 130.6 (C-5'), 129.1 (C-4', C-6'), 127.3 (C-3', C-5'), 118.6 (C-1'), 111.5 (C-16), 86.8 (C-13), 86.5 (C-14), 85.4 (C-9), 82.8 (C-4), 78.5 (C-7), 78.3 (C-6), 77.5 (C-3), 75.0 (C-5), 67.6 (C-20), 52.9 (C-10), 38.5 (C-2), 37.5 (C-8), 37.4 (C-12), 36.5 (C-11), 36.0 (C-1), 21.5 (C-17), 19.8 (C-18), 13.8 (C-19).



[α]20D -16.6 (c 0.05, MeOH);

ESI-MS, m/z 509.2 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 7.69 (dd, J = 6.6, 2.9, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.35 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.06 (s, 1H, H-16a), 4.90 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.56 (d, J = 2.6, 1H, H-14), 4.02 (d, J = 12.2, 1H, H-20a), 3.76 (d, J = 2.6, 1H, H-3), 3.70 (s, 1H, H-5), 3.59 (d, J = 12.3, 1H, H-20b), 3.42 (m, 1H, H-7), 3.07 (d, J = 2.6, 1H, H-8), 2.67 (dd, J = 12.6, 5.9, 1H, H-10), 2.47 (p, J = 6.9, 1H, H-11), 2.28 (dd, J = 13.9, 7.9, 1H, H-12a), 1.82 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.69 (d, J = 14.0, 1H, H-1a), 1.64 (dd, J = 9.5, 4.8, 1H, H-2), 1.58 (m, 2H, H-1b, H-12b), 1.27 (d, J = 6.8, 3H, H-18), 1.03 (d, J = 5.3, 3H, H-19);

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 101 Hz): δC 148.3 (C-15), 138.1 (C-2'), 130.1 (C-5'), 128.7 (C-4', C-6'), 127.2 (C-3', C-7'), 118.5 (C-1'), 111.2 (C-16), 85.8 (C-13), 84.0 (C-14), 82.1 (C-9), 81.0 (C-2), 78.6 (C-4), 73.7 (C-5), 65.7 (C-20), 64.9 (C-7), 63.2 (C-6), 50.0 (C-10), 38.2 (C-2), 37.8 (C-8), 37.0 (C-12), 36.5 (C-11), 35.9 (C-1), 21.4 (C-17), 19.5 (C-18), 13.6 (C-19).



[α]20D +6.2 (c 0.001, MeOH);

ESI-MS, m/z 507.3 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 7.72 (m, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.36 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.07 (s, 1H, H-16a), 4.91 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.60 (d, J = 2.8, 1H, H-14), 4.01 (s, 1H, H-5), 3.99 (d, J = 12.2, 1H, H-20a), 3.57 (d, J = 12.2, 1H, H-20b), 3.44 (s, 1H, H-7), 3.16 (dd, J = 13.3, 5.8, 1H, H-10), 3.01 (d, J = 2.7, 1H, H-8), 2.55 (m, 1H, H-11), 2.38 (m, 1H, H-12a), 2.29 (m, 2H, H-1), 1.83 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.73 (d, J = 14.0, 1H, H-2), 1.53 (m, 1H, H-12b), 1.30 (d, J = 6.8, 3H, H-18), 1.08 (d, J = 6.6, 3H, H-19);

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 101 Hz): δC 219.3 (C-3), 148.3 (C-15), 138.1 (C-2'), 130.4 (C-5'), 128.9 (C-4', C-6'), 127.4 (C-3', C-5'), 118.8 (C-1'), 111.5 (C-16), 86.0 (C-13), 84.1 (C-14), 82.0 (C-9), 77.2 (C-4), 70.9 (C-5), 65.5 (C-20), 64.9 (C-7), 63.3 (C-6), 45.8 (C-10), 43.9 (C-8), 37.9 (C-1), 37.2 (C-2), 36.7 (C-12), 34.7 (C-11), 21.6 (C-17), 19.6 (C-18), 12.9 (C-19).



[α]20D -22.8 (c 0.005, MeOH);

ESI-MS, m/z 513.3 [M+H]+ and m/z 535.3 [M+Na]+;

1H NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 400 MHz): δH 7.69 (dd, J = 7.5, 1.9, 2H, H-3', H-7'), 7.36 (m, 3H, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.09 (s, 1H, H-16a), 4.93 (s, 1H, H-16b), 4.72 (d, J = 4.5, 1H, H-3), 4.64 (d, J = 2.8, 1H, H-14), 4.10 (s, 1H, H-5), 4.09 (d, J = 12.3, 1H, H-20a), 3.53 (d, J = 12.4, 1H, H-20b), 3.49 (s, 1H, H-7), 2.93 (dd, J = 13.3, 6.1, 1H, H-10), 2.78 (d, J = 2.8, 1H, H-8), 2.35 (dd, J = 14.1, 7.8, 1H, H-12a), 2.12 (m, 1H, H-11), 2.04 (dd, J = 11.7, 6.0, 1H, H-1a), 1.95 (dd, J = 12.0, 6.6, 1H, H-2), 1.84 (s, 3H, H-17), 1.82 (d, J = 14.9, 1H, H-12b), 1.58 (d, J = 12.6, 1H, H-1b), 1.31 (d, J = 6.7, 3H, H-18), 1.13 (d, J = 6.7, 3H, H-19);

13C NMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 101 Hz): δC 156.7 (C-21), 148.0 (C-15), 137.8 (C-2'), 130.5 (C-5'), 128.9 (C-4', C-6'), 127.4 (C-3', C-7'), 118.8 (C-1'), 111.8 (C-16), 94.1 (C-4), 90.4 (C-3), 85.8 (C-13), 84.2 (C-14), 81.4 (C-9), 71.1 (C-5), 65.0 (C-20), 64.7 (C-7), 62.8 (C-6), 50.7 (C-10), 37.9 (C-2), 37.4 (C-11), 37.3 (C-12), 37.1 (C-8), 36.2 (C-1), 21.6 (C-18), 19.5 (C-17), 12.9 (C-19).


Example 2-b: Separation of active ingredient by various solvents from Daphne genkwa



[0083] The extract of Daphne genkwa obtained in Example 1 was dissolved in a 1: 1 mixed solvent of 200 mL of distilled water and hexane and fractionated to obtain a hexane layer. The hexane layer obtained by performing the same method twice more was concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain a hexane fraction. The obtained hexane fraction (20 g) is eluted with a gradient mixed solvent (10:1, 5:1, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2) of hexane and ethyl acetate with silica gel column chromatography to obtain a total of 3 fractions (Fr. I, II, III).

[0084] Fr. I (577 mg) was subjected to reverse phase silica gel prep TLC (75% acetonitrile) to obtain an active band. The active band was subjected to ODS HPLC with 83% acetonitrile at a flow rate of 3 mL/min, and acutilonine F (14.0 mg, compound of Formula 11) and wikstroemia factor M1 (7.0 mg, compound of Formula 12) were obtained in the form of a white powder at retention times of 15.2 minutes and 18.5 minutes, respectively. The structure of the compound was identified based on the following NMR, MS, and [α]20D data.

[α]20D -32.1(c 1.3, MeOH);

ESI-MS, m/z 635.6 [M+H]+, 657.7 [M+Na]+;

1HNMR(CD3OD,500MHz): δH, 7.70(2H, dd, J=7.35, 2.22Hz, H-3', H-7'), 7.37(1H, m, H-5'), 7.36(2H, m, H-4', H-6'), 7.35(1H, m, H-3"), 6.64(1H, dd, J=14.82, 10.75Hz, H-5"), 6.34(1H, dd, J=14.79, 11.40Hz, H-4"), 6.22(1H, dd, J=15.16, 10.69Hz, H-6"), 6.01(1H, m, H-7"), 6.00(1H, m, H-2"), 5.06(1H, brs, H-16a), 5.03(1H, d, J=4.52Hz, H-3), 4.90(1H, brs, H-16b), 4.56(1H, d, J=2.66Hz, H-14), 3.98(1H, d, J=12.19Hz, H-20a), 3.92(1H, s, H-5), 3.59(1H, d, J=12.20Hz, H-20b), 3.41(1H, brs, H-7), 3.07(1H, d, J=2.69Hz, H-8), 2.83(1H, dd, J=13.03, 5.32Hz, H-10), 2.59(1H, m, H-11), 2.29(2H, m, H-12), 2.15(2H, m, H-8"), 1.82(3H, s, H-17), 1.78(1H, m, H-2), 1.71(2H, m, H-1), 1.47(2H, m, H-9"), 1.31(3H, d, J=6.89Hz, H-18), 0.99(3H, d, J=5.77Hz, H-19), 0.94(3H, t, J=7.39Hz, H-10");

13CNMR values in ppm (CD3OD, 126Hz): δC169.4(C, C-1"), 148.5(C, C-15), 147.2(CH, C-3"), 143.3(CH, C-5"), 141.9(CH, C-7"), 138.2(C, C-2'), 131.6(CH, C-6"), 130.3(CH, C-5'), 129.2(CH, C-4"), 128.9(CH, C-4', C-6'), 127.4(CH, C-3', C-7'), 120.7(CH, C-2"), 118.7(C, C-1'), 111.4(CH2, C-16), 86.1(C, C-13), 84.0(CH, C-14), 82.9(C, C-4), 82.3(CH, C-3), 82.1(C, C-9), 74.1(CH, C-5), 66.1(CH2, C-20), 65.1(CH, C-7), 63.0(C, C-6), 37.9(CH, C-8), 37.7(CH, C-2), 37.3(CH2, C-1), 37.1(CH2, C-12), 36.5(CH, C-11), 36.2(CH2, C-8"), 23.4(CH2, C-9"), 21.6(CH3, C-18), 19.6(CH3, C-17), 14.1(CH3, C-10"), 13.8CCH3, C-19).



[α]20D +18.9 (c 1.0, MeOH);

ESI-MS, m/z 637.6 [M+H]+, 659.4 [M+Na]+, 635.2 [M-H]-;

1HNMR(CDCl3, 500MHz): δH7.75(2H, m, H-3', H-7'), 7.36(3H, m, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 7.34(1H, dd, J=15.4 and 10.2, H-3"), 6.21(1H, dd, J=14.8 and 10.4, H-4"), 5.90(1H, d, J=15.2, H-2"), 5.05(1H, brs, H-16a), 4.92(1H, brs, H-16b), 4.69(1H, d, J=5.19, H-3), 4.51(1H, d, J=2.76, H-14), 4.06(1H, s, H-5), 3.88(1H, d, J=12.2, H-20a), 3.77(1H, d, J=12.2, H-20b), 3.44(1H, s, H-7), 2.96(1H, d, J=2.8, H-8), 2.82(1H, dd, J=13.2, 5.5, H-10), 2.48(1H, m, H-11), 2.20(2H, overlapped, H-6"), 2.20(1H, overlapped, H-12a), 1.93(1H, m, H-1a), 1.83(3H, s, H-17), 1.78(1H, m, H-12b), 1.73(1H, m, H-1b), 1.71(1H, m, H-2), 1.45(2H, m, H-7"), 1.33(3H, d, J=6.9, H-18), 1.32(2H, overlapped, H-9"), 1.31(2H, overlapped, H-8"), 1.06(3H, d, J=6.5, H-19), 0.91(3H, t, J=6.9, H-10");

13CNMR(CDCl3, 126Hz): δC169.6(C, C-1"), 147.4(CH, C-3"), 146.8(CH, C-5"), 146.7(C, C-15), 136.4(C, C-2'), 129.4(CH, C-5'), 128.4(CH, C-4"), 128.2(CH, C-4', C-6'), 126.3(CH, C-3', C-7'), 118.0(CH, C-2"), 117.6(C, C-1'), 111.4(CH2, C-16), 84.5(C, C-13), 82.7(CH, C-14), 82.2(CH, C-3), 81.7(C, C-4), 80.5(C, C-9), 75.0(CH, C-5), 66.3(CH2, C-20), 64.2(CH, C-7), 60.6(C, C-6), 48.9(CH, C-10), 36.6(CH, C-8), 36.4(CH, C-2), 36.3(CH2, C-12), 36.0(CH2, C-1), 35.5(CH, C-11), 33.3(CH2, C-6"), 31.6(CH2, C-8"), 28.5(CH2, C-7"), 22.7(CH2, C-9"), 21.1(CH3, C-18), 19.4(CH3, C-17), 14.2(CH3, C-10"), 13.3(CH3, C-19).



[0085] Also, Fr. III (400 mg) was subjected to reverse phase silica gel prep TLC (75% acetonitrile) to obtain an active band. The active band was subjected to normal phase silica gel prep TLC (TLC) under CHCl3-MeOH (50:1) conditions to obtain Fr.III-1 and Fr.III-2 as 2 sub-fractions at Rf 0.4 and 0.25, respectively. Fr.III-1 was subjected to ODS HPLC with a 65% acetonitrile at a flow rate of 3 mL/min to obtain prostratin Q (2.1 mg, compound of Formula 13) and yuanhuadine (4.0 mg, compound of Formula 14) in the form of a white powder at retention times of 17.2 min and 23.4 min, respectively. Fr.III-2 was subjected to ODS HPLC in the same manner as Fr.III-1, and to obtain yuanhuatine (4.4 mg, compound of Formula 15) and 12-On-deca-2,4,6-trienoyl-phorbol-(13)-acetate (1.8 mg, compound of Formula 16) in the form of a white powder at retention times of 19.0 minutes and 21.4 minutes, respectively. The structure of the compound was identified based on the following NMR, MS, and [α]20D data.

[α]20D +14.1 (c 0.03, MeOH);

ESI-MS, m/z 579.5 [M+Na]+ ;

1HNM(CDCl3, 500MHz): δH7.60(1H, s, H-1), 7.24(1H, m, H-3"), 6.19(1H, m, H-4"), 6.15(1H, m, H-5"), 5.79(1H, d, J=15.41Hz, H-2"), 5.70(1H, d, J=4.71Hz, H-7), 5.47(1H, d, J=10.27Hz, H-12), 4.03(2H, q, J=13.04Hz, H-20), 3.26(2H, overlapped, H-8, H-10), 2.53(2H, m, H-5), 2.17(2H, overlapped, H-6"), 2.17(1H, overlapped, H-11), 2.11(3H, s, H-2'), 1.78(3H, s, H-19), 1.44(2H, m, H-7"), 1.32(2H, m, H-9"), 1.31(2H, m, H-8"), 1.27(3H, s, H-16), 1.22(3H, s, H-17), 1.10(1H, d, J=5.20Hz, H-14), 0.91(3H, d, J=6.93Hz, H-18), 0.90(3H, t, J=7.06Hz, H-10"):

13CNMR values in ppm(CDCl3, 126Hz): δC209.1(C, C-3), 174.1(C, C-1'), 167.3(C, C-1"), 161.0(CH, C-1), 145.8(CH, C-3"), 145.5(CH, C-5"), 140.7(C, C-6), 133.1(C, C-2), 129.5(CH, C-7), 128.5(CH, C-4"), 119.1(CH, C-2"), 78.4(C, C-9), 74.0(C, C-4), 68.2(CH2, C-20), 65.9(C, C-13), 56.4(CH, C-10), 43.4(CH, C-11), 39.3(CH, C-8), 38.9(CH2, C-5), 36.6(CH, C-14), 33.2(CH2, C-6"), 31.6(CH2, C-8"), 28.6(CH2, C-7"), 25.9(C, C-15), 24.0(CH3, C-17), 22.7(CH2, C-9"), 21.3(CH3, C-2'), 17.0(CH3, C-16), 14.2(CH3, C-10"), 10.3(CH3, C-19).



[α]20D +7.5 (c 1.3, CH2Cl2);

ESI-MS, m/z 587.6 [M+H]+ and 609.5 [M+Na]+ ;

1H NMR (CDCl3, 500MHz): δH7.58(1H, s, H-1), 6.67(1H, dd, J=15.45, 10.66Hz, H-3'), 6.05(1H, dd, J=15.14, 10.71Hz, H-4'), 5.86(1H, m, H-5'), 5.65(1H, d, J=15.46Hz, H-2'), 5.02(1H, brs, H-16a), 4.99(1H, brs, H-12), 4.96(1H, brs, H-16b), 4.76(1H, d, J=2.47Hz, H-14), 4.26(1H, brs, H-7), 3.94(1H, dd, J=12.34, 5.86Hz, H-20a), 3.82(1H, m, H-10), 3.80(1H, m, H-20b), 3.56(1H, s, H-5), 3.52(1H, d, J=2.45Hz, H-8), 2.38(1H, q, J=7.22Hz, H-11), 2.10(2H, q, J=7.20Hz, H-6'), 2.00(3H, s, H-2"), 1.84(3H, s, H-17), 1.80(3H, d, J=1.31Hz, H-19), 1.39(2H, dt, J=14.26, 7.28Hz, H-7'), 1.30(2H, m, H-9'), 1.27(2H, m, H-8'), 0.89(3H, t, J=6.93Hz, H-10');

13CNMR values in ppm(CDCl3, 126Hz): δC209.7(C, C-3), 169.9(C, C-1"), 160.6(CH, C-1), 143.3(C, C-15), 139.6(CH, C-5'), 137.1(C, C-2), 135.3(CH, C-3'), 128.8(CH, C-4'), 122.5(CH, C-2'), 117.2(C, C-1'), 113.5(CH2, C-16), 83.9(C, C-13), 80.7(CH, C-14), 78.5(CH, C-12), 78.3(C, C-9), 72.5(C, C-4), 72.2(CH, C-5), 65.3(CH2, C-20), 64.5(C-7), 60.7(C-6), 47.7(CH, C-10), 44.3(CH, C-11), 35.6(CH, C-8), 32.9(CH2, C-6'), 31.5(CH2, C-8'), 28.9(CH2, C-7'), 22.7(CH2, C-9'), 21.4CCH3, C-2"), 18.9(CH3, C-17), 18.5(CH3, C-18), 14.2(CH3, C-10'), 10.1(CH3, C-19).



[α]20D +52.8 (c 0.5, MeOH);

ESI-MS, m/z 605.5 [M+H]+, 627.4 [M+Na]+, 603.3 [M-H]-;

1HNMR(CDCl3, 500MHz): δH7.94(2H, m, H-3", H-7"), 7.75(2H, m, H-3', H-7'), 7.60(1H, t, J=7.4, H-5"), 7.48(2H, m, H-4", H-6"), 7.40(3H, m, H-4', H-5', H-6'), 5.42(1H, brs, H-12), 5.07(1H, brs, H-16a), 5.03(1H, brs, H-16b), 4.99(1H, d, J=2.8, H-14), 4.10(1H, s, H-5), 3.90(1H, d, J=12.4, H-20a), 3.85(1H, d, J=12.3, H-20b), 3.69(1H, d, J=2.8, H-8), 3.67(1H, brs, H-7), 3.06(1H, dd, J=13.3 and 5.9, H-10), 2.59(1H, q, J=6.9, H-11), 2.40(1H, m, H-1a), 2.28(1H, m, H-2), 1.92(3H, s, H-17), 1.63(1H, m, H-1b), 1.51(3H, d, J=6.9, H-18), 1.12(3H, d, J=6.6, H-19);

13CNMR(CDCl3, 126Hz): δC20.4(C, C-3), 165.8(C, C-1"), 143.2(C, C-15), 135.7(C, C-2'), 133.5(CH, C-5"), 130.0(CH, C-5'), 129.8(C, C-2"), 129.7(CH, C-3", C-7"), 128.9(CH, C-4", C-6"), 128.3(CH, C-4', C-6'), 126.2(CH, C-3', C-7'), 118.4(C, C-1'), 113.8(CH2, C-16), 83.9(C, C-13), 81.4(CH, C-14), 79.3(C, C-9), 78.7(CH, C-12), 75.2(C, C-4), 71.5(CH, C-5), 65.3(CH2, C-20), 64.5(CH, C-7), 61.0(C, C-6), 44.3(CH, C-11), 44.2(CH, C-10), 43.1(CH, C-2), 36.3(CH, C-8), 33.6(CH2, C-1), 19.0(CH3, C-17, C-18), 12.6(CH3, C-19).



[α]20D -15.1 (c 0.2, CHCl3) ;

ESI-MS, m/z 577.5 [M+Na]+, 553.4 [M-H]-;

1HNMR (CDCl3, 500MHz): δH7.61(1H, s, H-1), 7.28(1H, dd, J=15.3 and 11.22, H-3"), 6.54(1H, dd, J=14.9 and 10.7, H-5"), 6.23(1H, dd, J=14.8 and 11.4, H-4"), 6.15(1H, dd, J=15.1 and 10.8, H-6"), 5.95(1H, m, H-7"), 5.84(1H, d, J=15.3, H-2"), 5.70(1H, d, J=4.8, H-7), 5.47(1H, d, J=10.3, H-12), 4.05(1H, d, J=12.9, H-20a), 4.00(1H, d, J=12.9, H-20b), 3.26(1H, overlapped, H-10), 3.26(1H, overlapped, H-8), 2.52(2H, m, H-5), 2.17(1H, m, H-11), 2.13(2H, overlapped, H-8"), 2.11(3H, s, H-2'), 1.78(3H, d, J=1.5, H-19), 1.45(2H, dq, J=14.6 and 7.3, H-9"), 1.27(3H, s, H-16), 1.22(3H, s, H-17), 1.10(1H, d, J=5.1, H-14), 0.93(3H, t, J=7.3, H-10"), 0.91(3H, d, J=6.4, H-18);

13CNMR(CDCl3, 126Hz): δC209.2(C, C-3), 174.1(C, C-1'), 167.2(C, C-1"), 161.0(CH, C-1), 145.6(CH, C-3"), 141.8(CH, C-5"), 141.0(CH, C-7"), 140.7(C, C-6), 133.1(C, C-2), 130.2(CH, C-6"), 129.5(CH, C-7), 127.9(CH, C-4"), 119.9(CH, C-2"), 78.5(C, C-9), 76.9(CH, C-12), 74.0(C, C-4), 68.2(CH2, C-20), 65.9(C, C-13), 56.4(CH, C-10), 43.4(CH, C-11), 39.3(CH, C-8), 38.8(CH2, C-5), 36.6(CH, C-14), 35.5(CH2, C-8"), 26.0(C, C-15), 24.0(CH3, C-17), 22.4(CH2, C-9"), 21.3(CH3, C-2'), 17.0(CH3, C-16), 14.6(CH3, C-18), 13.9(CH3, C-10"), 10.3(CH3, C-19).


Example 3: Effect of compounds on Nurr1 activity



[0086] As in Example 2, Nurrl activity according to the concentration of the diterpene isolated from the extract of Daphne genkwa was confirmed through luciferase analysis.

[0087] Specifically, after synthesizing a vector in which the gene having the nucleotide sequence (5'-CTCGGAGGACAGTACTCCG-3', SEQ ID NO:1) to which the GLA4 gene can bind is repeated 8 times to the reporter gene, luciferase, is synthesized, 3 types of plasmid DNA, including DNA containing Nurrl-LBD and DNA with β-galactosidase, were transfected into BE(2)C cells. After 6 hours, the compounds 1 to 10 separated in Example 2 were treated according to the concentrations in Table 1 below. The cells thus treated were cultured in a 5% carbon dioxide incubator at 37 °C for 20 hours, and then luciferase analysis was performed. As a control, 0.1% DMSO was used, and at this time, the activity was increased by multiple, and Amodiaquine was used as a positive control.
Table 1
compoundFinal treatment concentration (µM)
lowmidhigh
AQ (Amodiaquine) 5 20 -
Formula 1 0.01 0.1 1
Formula 2 0.01 0.1 1
Formula 3 0.1 1 10
Formula 4 0.1 1 10
Formula 5 0.1 1 10
Formula 6 0.01 0.1 1
Formula 7 0.1 1 10
Formula 8 0.1 1 10
Formula 9 0.1 1 10
Formula 10 1 10 100
DGH-2 (control) 0.01 0.1 1


[0088] As a result of the analysis, as shown in Table 2 and FIG. 1, all compounds of Formulas 1 to 10 activated Nurrl. Specifically, all compounds of Formulas 1 to 10 activated Nurrl when treated at a concentration of 1 µM, in particular, it was confirmed that the compound of Formula 2 has excellent effect of Nurrl activity even at a low concentration of 0.01 µM. Thereby, it was found that the compounds isolated from the extract of Daphne genkwa activate Nurrl and at the same time, Nurrl activity may be different depending on the structure of the compound.
Table 2
Cone.DMSOAQ12345678910DGII-2
Low 1.0 0.9 1.0 2.1 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.1
Medium - 1.8 1.5 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.8 2.6 2.0 2.4 1.9 2.6
High - - 1.7 1.9 1.4 1.7 1.9 2.4 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.1 2.2


[0089] As a result of the analysis, as shown in Table 1 below, prostratin Q and yuanhuadine of compounds 13 and 14 activated Nurrl even at a low concentration of 0.003 µM, and 12-0-n-deca-2,4,6-trienoyl-phorbol-(13)-acetate of compound 16 in addition to compounds 13 and 14 significantly activates Nurrl at 0.03 µM. Thereby, it was found that the compounds isolated from the extract of Daphne genkwa activated Nurrl and Nurrl activity could be different depending on the structure of the compound.
Table 3
density (µM)Positive controlcompound 11compound 12compound 13compound 14compound 15compound 16
0.003 - - - 1.23±0.09 1.03±0.15 - -
0.01 - - - 1.35±0.28 0.94±0.04 - -
0.03 - 1.28±0.18 1.4±0.18 *1.47±0.17 *1.63±0.18 1.17±0.22 *1.42±0.15
0.1 - 1.16±0.16 **1.29±0.0 *1.42±0.14 **1.68±0.1 1.28±0.35 *1.68±0.43
      4   1    
0.3 - 1.32±0.13 *1.33±0.06 *1.65±0.2 **1.62±0.11 **1.59±0.08 *1.82±0.51
1 0.8±0.03 *1.76±0.08 *1.62±0.21 **1.47±0.02 *1.67±0.32 *2.12±0.37 **1.53±0.07
5 1.1±0.15 - - - - - -
10 **1.6±0.03 - - - - - -
20 **2.7±0.37 - - - - - -
(* P <0.05, ** P <0.01 compared to control treatment)

Example 4: Inhibition activity on nitric oxide production in a microglia BV-2 cell



[0090] The death of cranial nerve cells due to an inflammatory reaction in a microglia cell has been reported as one of the main causes of degenerative brain diseases such as dementia and Parkinson's disease. (Sarkar S et al., Neurotoxicology, 44, 250-262 (2014); Bower JH et al., Neurology, 67, 494-496 (2006)). Accordingly, the inhibition activity on nitric oxide production, a representative inflammatory factor, was investigated for the compounds isolated from Example 2 in a microglia. Specifically, microglia BV-2 cells were put into a 96-well plate at 5×104 cells/well, and cultured for 2 days, followed by incubation with LPS (1 mg/mL) for 24 hours with the compound isolated in Example 2 above. The culture supernatant was measured for absorbance at 540 nm using the Griess reagent to quantify nitrite to investigate the amount of nitric oxide production. Minocyline was used as a positive control.

[0091] As a result of the investigation, as shown in Table 3 below, it was confirmed that all compounds inhibit nitric oxide production at a low concentration. In particular, it was confirmed that genkwadaphnine of compound 2 exhibits inhibition activity on nitric oxide production at a very low concentration of 0.06 ± 0.02, and yuanhuadine of compound 14 exhibited inhibition activity of nitric oxide production at a very low concentration of 1.03 µM.
Table 4
CompoundIC50(µM)
Minocycline 21.28 ±0.48
Formula 1 (yuanhuafine) 0.37±0.15
Formula 2 (genkwadaphnine) 0.06±0.02
Formula 3 (genkwanine H) 1.06±0.12
Formula 4 (genkwanine M) 0.18±0.04
Formula 5 (genkwain K) 4.67±3.10
Formula 6 (yuanhuapine) 0.25±0.06
Formula 7 (genkwanin A) 3.41±0.99
Formula 8 (orthobenzoate 2) 1.22±0.13
Formula 9 (1,2α-dihydrodaphnetoxin) 1.60±0.37
Formula 10 (genkwanin I) 7.79±0.91
Table 5
 Positive controlcompound 11compound 12Compound 13compound 14compound 15compound 16
IC50 (µM) 29.9 3.49 2.3 1.8 1.03 3.73 1.78

Example 5: Inhibition activity of pro-inflammatory cytokines production in a microglia BV-2 cell



[0092] The inhibition activity of compounds production against IL-lb, IL-6 and TNFa, which are representative inflammatory factors in microglia, was investigated. Microglia BV-2 cells were placed in a 96 well plate at 1×105 cells/well, and LPS (1 mg/mL) was incubated with the compound for 5 hours. Cells were recovered from each well and subjected to Western blotting and real-time PCR. Specifically, the expression level of IL-lb was investigated by Western blotting. Rabbit anti-IL-lb[Cell Signaling (Danvers, MA, USA); 1: 1000]) was used as the primary antibody, mouse anti-actin (Sigma 1: 5000) was used as a control. As a secondary antibody, horseradish peroxidase-conjugated antimouse or anti-rabbit immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody (Amersham, Piscataway, NY, USA) was used, and was observed by coloring with an enhanced-chemiluminescent substrate (Amersham).

[0093] In addition, mRNA expression levels of IL-lb, IL-6, and TNF-a were analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR. Primers of all rat cytokines and GAPDH were purchased from Invitrogen, and the cytokine mRNA expression level was determined by normalizing to the GAPDH mRNA expression level.

[0094] As a result of Western blotting and PCR, as shown in Fig. 1A and 1B, it was confirmed that the expression level of IL-lb decreased in the administration group of all compounds. In addition, as a result of PCR, as shown in Fig. 1C and 1D, it was confirmed that the expression level of IL-6 and TNF-a also decreased in the administration group of all compounds.

[0095] In the present invention, the contents that can be sufficiently recognized and inferred by those of ordinary skill in the technical field of the present invention are omitted, and in addition to the specific examples described in the present invention, various modifications are possible within a range that does not change the technical spirit or essential configuration of the present invention. Therefore, the present invention may be implemented in a different manner from those specifically described and exemplified in this specification, which is understood by those skilled in the art of the present invention.

Industrial availability



[0096] As described above, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, by showing the effect of suppressing the inflammatory response in neurons, shows the effect of suppressing the inflammatory response in neurons, and can be usefully used for the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease caused by the inhibition of Nurrl activity.

Sequence list free text



[0097] 

SEQ ID NO: 1

DNA

Artificial Sequence

GLA4 binding gene

ctcggaggac agtactccg




Claims

1. A pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the diterpene comprises at least one selected from the group comprising Formulas 1 to 16 below.


















 
2. The pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases according to claim 1, wherein the diterpenes is one of the compounds represented by Formulas 2, 8, 13, 14 or 16.
 
3. The pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases according to claim 1, wherein the diterpene is the compound represented by Formula 2.
 
4. The pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases according to claim 1, wherein the diterpene is the compound represented by Formula 14.
 
5. The pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases according to claim 1, wherein the neurodegenerative diseases may be any one selected from the group consisting of Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington's disease (HD), Fronto-Temporal Dementia, Cortico Basal Degeneration, and Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP).
 
6. The pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases according to claim 1, wherein the neurodegenerative disease is Parkinson's disease (PD).
 
7. The pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of neurodegenerative diseases according to claim 1, wherein the diterpene is separated from the extract of flower of Daphne genkwa.
 
8. A dietary supplement for preventing or improving neurodegenerative diseases comprising a diterpene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the diterpene is at least one selected from the group containing Formulas 1 to 16.
















 
9. A dietary supplement for preventing or improving of neurodegenerative diseases according to claim 8, wherein the neurodegenerative diseases may be any one selected from the group consisting of Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington's disease (HD), Fronto-Temporal Dementia, Cortico Basal Degeneration, and Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP).
 
10. A dietary supplement for preventing or improving of neurodegenerative diseases according to claim 8, wherein the neurodegenerative disease is Parkinson's disease (PD).
 




Drawing







Search report






















Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description