(19)
(11)EP 3 703 122 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 19822060.0

(22)Date of filing:  25.04.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 23/48(2006.01)
H01L 25/18(2006.01)
H01L 25/07(2006.01)
H01R 4/60(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2019/017637
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/244482 (26.12.2019 Gazette  2019/52)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 19.06.2018 JP 2018115687

(71)Applicant: Fuji Electric Co., Ltd.
Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 210-9530 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MARUYAMA, Rikihiro
    Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 210-9530 (JP)
  • MIYAKOSHI, Masaoki
    Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 210-9530 (JP)

(74)Representative: MERH-IP Matias Erny Reichl Hoffmann Patentanwälte PartG mbB 
Paul-Heyse-Strasse 29
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE


(57) A semiconductor device includes connection terminals which have an increased tensile load when fitted to contacts.
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device prepares contacts (17), which have cylindrical through-holes (17b), and connection terminals (19), which are shaped as columns and have a polygonal cross section along a length direction thereof, wherein a diagonal length across the cross section is greater than an inner diameter of the through-holes (17b). Chamfers (19a2) with a curvature corresponding to an inner surface of the through-holes (17b) are formed at corners of the connection terminal (19), and the connection terminals (19) are press-fitted into the through-holes (17b) of the contacts (17). By doing so, the area of contact where the connection terminals (19) press-fitted into the contacts (17) contact the inner circumferential surfaces of the through-holes (17b) of the contacts (17) is increased. This increases the tensile load of the connection terminals (19) fitted into the contacts (17).




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The embodiment discussed herein relates to a semiconductor device manufacturing method and a semiconductor device.

Background Art



[0002] Semiconductor devices include semiconductor elements such as IGBTs (Insulted Gate Bipolar Transistors) and power MOSFETs (Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors). These semiconductor devices are used for example as power converting devices.

[0003] A semiconductor device includes a board with an insulating plate and a plurality of circuit patterns formed on a front surface of the insulating plate. Semiconductor elements and connection terminals are disposed on the circuit patterns, and signals applied from the connection terminals are inputted into the semiconductor elements via the circuit patterns. Cylindrical contacts are used when attaching the connection terminals to the circuit patterns. The connection terminals are configured with larger diameters than the contacts. The connection terminals are press-fitted into the contacts that have been bonded onto the circuit patterns using solder, thereby electrically connecting the connection terminals to the circuit patterns via the contacts (see, for example, PTL 1).

Citation List


Patent Literature



[0004] PTL1: U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2009/0194884

Summary of Invention


Technical Problem



[0005] In the semiconductor device described above, as one example, when a connection terminal in the shape of a prism has been press-fitted into a contact, the connection terminal will be kept inside the contact in a state where the corners of the connection terminal contact the inner circumferential surface of the contact. That is, since the part of the connection terminal that contacts the inside of the contact is limited to only the corners, it is easy for the connection terminal to come out of the contact. Here, it would be conceivable to increase the diameter of each connection terminal to increase the dimension that is press-fitted into a contact. However, in this case, there is a higher probability of damage to the contacts into which the connection terminals are press-fitted and an increase in cost due to the increase in size of the connection terminals.

[0006] The present embodiment has been made in view of the aforementioned circumstances, and intends to provide a semiconductor device manufacturing method and a semiconductor device with connection terminals that produce an increased tensile load on contacts.

Solution to Problem



[0007] According to one aspect, there is provided a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, the method including: preparing a contact, which has a cylindrical through-hole, and a connection terminal, which is shaped as a column and has a polygonal cross section along a length direction thereof, wherein a diagonal length across the cross section is greater than an inner diameter of the through-hole; forming a chamfer whose curvature corresponds to an inner surface of the through-hole at each corner of the connection terminal; and press-fitting the connection terminal into the through-hole of the contact.

[0008] A semiconductor device manufactured by the above method of manufacturing is also provided.

Advantageous Effects of Invention



[0009] According to the present embodiment, it is possible to increase a tensile load of connection terminals fitted into contacts and suppress a drop in reliability of a semiconductor device.

[0010] The foregoing and other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description of a preferred embodiment of the invention when taken in conjunction with the accompany drawings representing the embodiment.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0011] 

[FIG. 1] FIG. 1 depicts one example of a semiconductor device according to the present embodiment.

[FIG. 2] FIG. 2 is an example flowchart of a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to the present embodiment.

[FIG. 3] FIG. 3 depicts a ceramic circuit board included in the semiconductor device according to the present embodiment.

[FIG. 4] FIG. 4 depicts a contact included in the semiconductor device according to the present embodiment.

[FIG. 5] FIG. 5 depicts a connection terminal included in the semiconductor device according to the present embodiment.

[FIG. 6] FIG. 6 depicts a chamfering process in a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to the present embodiment.

[FIG. 7] FIG. 7 depicts a connection terminal on which chamfers have been formed and which is included in the semiconductor device according to the present embodiment.

[FIG. 8] FIG. 8 depicts a press-fitting process in the method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to the present embodiment.

[FIG. 9] FIG. 9 is a diagram useful in explaining a connection terminal that has been press-fitted into a contact.

[FIG. 10] FIG. 10 depicts a principal part in enlargement to assist in explanation of a connection terminal that has been press-fitted into a contact.

[FIG. 11] FIG. 11 illustrates graphs depicting chamfered width and contact ratio with respect to diagonal length of the connection terminal.

[FIG. 12] FIG. 12 illustrates a graph depicting average tensile load of a connection terminal with respect to the contact ratio of the connection terminal on a contact.


Description of Embodiment(s)



[0012] An embodiment will now be described with reference to the drawings. A semiconductor device according to the present embodiment will now be described with reference to FIG. 1. FIG. 1 depicts one example of a semiconductor device according to the present embodiment. As depicted in FIG. 1, a semiconductor device 10 includes a ceramic circuit board 14, and semiconductor elements 15a, 15b, and 15c and contacts 17 that are provided on a front surface of the ceramic circuit board 14. A connection terminal 19 is attached to each of the contacts 17. Note that when no particular distinction is made between them, the semiconductor elements 15a, 15b, and 15c are collectively referred to as the "semiconductor elements 15". A plurality of semiconductor elements 15 are provided on the ceramic circuit board 14. FIG. 1 depicts the semiconductor elements 15a, 15b, and 15c out of these semiconductor elements 15. Electronic components may be mounted in place of the semiconductor elements 15 as needed. Note that examples of the electronic components referred to here include resistors, thermistors, capacitors, and surge absorbers.

[0013] The ceramic circuit board 14 includes an insulating plate 11, a metal plate 12 formed on a rear surface of the insulating plate 11, and circuit patterns 13b, 13e, and 13h formed on the front surface of the insulating plate 11. Semiconductor elements 15a, 15b and 15c are joined to the circuit patterns 13e and 13h via solder 16a, 16a and 16c. The contacts 17 are also joined to the circuit patterns 13b and 13h via solder 16d and 16e. Bonding wires 18a, 18b, and 18c electrically connect between the circuit pattern 13b on the ceramic circuit board 14 and an electrode on a front surface of the semiconductor element 15a and between electrodes on the front surfaces of the semiconductor elements 15a and 15b. Note that when no particular distinctions are made between the circuit patterns 13b, 13e, and 13h, the solder 16a, 16a, and 16c, and the bonding wires 18a, 18b, and 18c, the expressions "circuit patterns 13", "solder 16", and "bonding wires 18" are used.

[0014] A heat dissipating plate 20 is provided on a rear surface of the ceramic circuit board 14. The heat dissipating plate 20 may be joined to the rear surface of the ceramic circuit board 14 via a bonding layer such as solder, not illustrated. The ceramic circuit board 14, the semiconductor elements 15, and base portions and the like of the connection terminals 19 are enclosed within the heat dissipating plate 20 and a case 21. However, front ends of the connection terminals 19 extend out of the case 21. Also, the heat dissipating plate 20 does not need to be provided on the rear surface of the ceramic circuit board 14. When that configuration is used, the semiconductor element 15 and base portions and the like of the connection terminals 19 are housed by edges of the front surface of the ceramic circuit board 14 and the case 21. However, in this case also, the front ends of the connection terminals 19 will extend out of the case 21. Note that the expression "front surface" here refers to the surface of the semiconductor device 10 on the side where the front ends of the connection terminals 19 extend out of the case 21. The expression "rear surface" refers to the opposite surface to the front surface and indicates the side of the semiconductor device 10 where the heat dissipating plate 20 is provided. Note that the configuration of the semiconductor device 10 is described in detail below together with a flowchart of a method of manufacturing the semiconductor device 10.

[0015] Next, an example method of manufacturing a semiconductor device 10 like the above will be described with reference to FIG. 2. FIG. 2 is an example flowchart of a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to the present embodiment. It is noted that the processes depicted in FIG. 2 may be performed manually, mechanically, or both.

[0016] [Step S10] Components of the semiconductor device 10, such as the ceramic circuit board 14, the semiconductor elements 15, the contacts 17, and the connection terminals 19 are prepared. Here, the ceramic circuit board 14, the contacts 17, and the connection terminals 19 will be described with reference to FIGS. 3 to 5.

[0017] FIG. 3 depicts the ceramic circuit board included in the semiconductor device according to the present embodiment. Note that FIG. 3(A) is a plan view of the ceramic circuit board 14 and FIG. 3(B) is a cross-sectional view along a dot-dash line X-X in FIG. 3(A). FIG. 4 depicts a contact included in the semiconductor device according to the present embodiment. Note that FIG. 4(A) is a plan view of a contact 17 and FIG. 4(B) is a cross-sectional view along a dot-dash line X-X in FIG. 4(A). FIG. 5 depicts a connection terminal included in the semiconductor device according to the present embodiment. Note that FIG. 5(A) is a front view of a connection terminal 19 and FIG. 5(B) is a cross-sectional view along a dot-dash line X-X in FIG. 5(A).

[0018] As depicted in FIG. 3, the ceramic circuit board 14 includes the insulating plate 11, the metal plate 12 formed on the rear surface of the insulating plate 11, and the circuit patterns 13a, 13b, 13c, 13d, 13e, 13f, 13g, and 13h formed on the front surface of the insulating plate 11. The insulating plate 11 is made of a ceramic with high thermal conductivity, such as aluminum oxide, aluminum nitride, or silicon nitride, which have superior heat conductivity. The metal plate 12 is made of a metal such as aluminum, iron, silver, copper, or an alloy including at least one of these metals, which have superior thermal conductivity. The circuit patterns 13 are made of a metal with superior electrical conductivity, such as copper or a copper alloy. Note that the number and shapes of the circuit patterns 13 are mere examples, and a different number of patterns and shapes may be used. The circles drawn using broken lines on the circuit patterns 13 indicate the disposed positions of the contacts 17. The rectangles drawn using broken lines on the circuit patterns 13 indicate the disposed positions of the semiconductor elements 15. The illustrated disposed positions of the contacts 17 and the semiconductor elements 15 are mere examples, and the present embodiment is not limited to these positions. As the ceramic circuit board 14 with the above configuration, as examples, it is possible to use a DCB (Direct Copper Bonding) substrate or an AMB (Active Metal Brazed) substrate. The ceramic circuit board 14 is capable of conducting heat generated at the semiconductor elements 15 via the circuit patterns 13e, 13f, 13g, and 13h, the insulating plate 11, and the metal plate 12 to the heat dissipating plate 20 side.

[0019] As depicted in FIG. 4, the contacts 17 each include a body 17a in which a cylindrical through-hole 17b is formed and flanges 17c1 and 17c2 provided at open ends 17b1 and 17b2, respectively, of the body 17a. Here, an example is depicted where the flanges 17cl and 17c2 are formed at both of the two open ends 17b1 and 17b2. However, a flange may be formed at one end only. These contacts 17 are made of aluminum, iron, silver, copper, or an alloy including at least one of these materials, which have superior electrical conductivity. To improve corrosion resistance, as one example, a metal such as nickel or gold may be formed on the surface of each contact 17 by plating or the like. In more detail, aside from nickel and gold, it is also possible to use a nickel-phosphorus alloy, a nickel-boron alloy, or the like. In addition, gold may be laminated on a nickel-phosphorus alloy. Note that the inner diameter D of the open ends 17bl and 17b2 of the through-hole 17b is preferably at least 0.3 mm but not greater than 5.0 mm, and more preferably at least 0.6 mm but not greater than 2.5 mm.

[0020] As depicted in FIG. 5, each connection terminal 19 has a body 19a and tapered ends 19b and 19c respectively formed at both ends of the body 19a. In particular, the body 19a is formed in the shape of a prism, with a square cross section including corners 19a1. The length of a diagonal across the cross section of a connection terminal 19 is defined as "diagonal length A". The length of one side in the circumferential direction of the cross section of a connection terminal 19 is defined as "length L". The connection terminals 19 are made of aluminum, iron, silver, copper, or an alloy including at least one of these metals, which have superior electrical conductivity. To improve corrosion resistance, as one example, a metal such as nickel or tin may be formed on the surface of each connection terminal 19 by plating or the like.

[0021] The semiconductor elements 15 include switching elements made of silicon or silicon carbide. As examples, the switching elements are IGBTs, power MOSFETs, or the like. As one example, each semiconductor element 15 has a drain electrode (or a collector electrode) as a main electrode on the rear surface, and a gate electrode and a source electrode (or an emitter electrode) as main electrodes on the front surface. As needed, the semiconductor elements 15 also include diodes. As examples, the diodes may be SBD (Schottky Barrier Diodes) or FWD (FreeWheeling Diodes). These semiconductor elements 15 each have a cathode electrode as a main electrode on the rear surface and an anode electrode as a main electrode on the front surface.

[0022] [Step S11] Chamfers are formed at the corners 19a1 of each connection terminal 19. The chamfering process for forming chamfers on a connection terminal 19 will now be described with reference to FIG. 6. FIG. 6 depicts a chamfering process in a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to the present embodiment. Note that FIGS. 6(A) and (B) are cross-sectional views depicting a connection terminal 19 during the chamfering process in a time series. A pressing jig 30 is used to form the chamfers at the corners 19a1 of (the body 19a of) each connection terminal 19. The pressing jig 30 has a pair of pressing portions 31 and 32 that sandwich one part of (the body 19a of) a connection terminal 19 along the length direction of the connection terminal 19. On the inside, the pressing portions 31 and 32 respectively have predetermined inclined surfaces 31a, 31b, 32a, and 32b that face each other.

[0023] The (body 19a of the) connection terminal 19 is set between the pressing portions 31 and 32 of the pressing jig 30 (see FIG. 6(A)). At this time, the corners 19a1 of (the body 19a of) the connection terminal 19 respectively face the inclined surfaces 31a, 31b, 32a, and 32b. In this state, pressure is applied to the pressing portions 31 and 32 so as to come together, resulting in (the body 19a of) the connection terminal 19 being sandwiched between the pressing portions 31 and 32 (see FIG. 6(B)). By doing so, the corners 19a1 of the connection terminal 19 are pressed by the pressing portions 31 and 32 and the inclined surfaces 31a, 31b, 32a, and 22b of the pressing portions 31 and 32 are transferred.

[0024] The pressing jig 30 is then removed from (the body 19a of) the connection terminal 19 that has been pressed by the pressing portions 31 and 32 in this way. Due to the corners 19a1 being pressed, a connection terminal 19 in which chamfers have been formed is obtained. A connection terminal 19 in which the chamfers have been formed will now be described with reference to FIG. 7. FIG. 7 depicts a connection terminal in which chamfers have been formed and which is included in the semiconductor device according to the present embodiment. Note that FIG. 7(A) is a front view of the connection terminal 19 and FIG. 7(B) is a cross-sectional view along a dot-dash line X-X in FIG. 7(A).

[0025] As depicted in FIG. 7, the connection terminal 19 has a chamfer 19a2 formed at each corner 19a1 of the body 19a that has been pressed by the pressing jig 30. Each chamfer 19a2 has a chamfered length Lr from a boundary of the end 19b of the body 19a, and has a chamfered width B in the circumferential direction of the body 19a. The diagonal length A across the cross section of a connection terminal 19 in this case is the distance between opposing chamfers 19a2. Note that the diagonal length A and the chamfered width B may be changed in accordance with the size of the regions of the pressing jig 30 surrounded by the inclined surfaces 31a, 31b, 32a, and 32b of the pressing portions 31 and 32. As one example, a pressing jig 30 where the distance between the inclined surfaces 31a and 32b and the distance between the inclined surfaces 31b and 32a differ when the pressing portions 31 and 32 are brought together may be prepared. The pressing jig 30 is selected as appropriate so that a connection terminal 19 with the desired diagonal length A and the chamfered width B are obtained. In addition, the diagonal length A is set so as to be longer than the inner diameter D of the contact 17. As one example, the diagonal length A is at least 1.02 times but not greater than 1.10 times the inner diameter D of the contact 17. Note that specific examples of the diagonal length A and the chamfered width B will be described later. Note that in step S11, an example case where the chamfers 19a2 are formed by pressing the corners 19a1 of the connection terminal 19 is described. However, so long as the desired chamfers 19a2 are formed on a connection terminal 19, a method aside from pressing may be used. An example of another method is cutting away the corners 19a1.

[0026] [Step S12] The contacts 17 are joined via solder to predetermined positions on the circuit patterns 13 of the ceramic circuit board 14. When doing so, the semiconductor elements 15 are joined to predetermined positions on the circuit patterns 13 via the solder 16. Note that as one example, the solder 16 is composed of lead-free solder whose main component is at least one of an alloy composed of tin, silver, and copper, an alloy composed of tin, zinc, and bismuth, an alloy composed of tin and copper, and an alloy composed of tin, silver, indium, and bismuth. Additives such as nickel, germanium, cobalt or silicon may also be included.

[0027] [Step S13] The connection terminals 19 in which the chamfers 19a2 were formed in step S11 are press-fitted into the contacts 17 that were joined to the ceramic circuit board 14 in step S12. This press-fitting process will now be described with reference to FIG. 8. FIG. 8 depicts a press-fitting process in the method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to the present embodiment. FIGS. 8A and 8B depict press-fitted states of the connection terminals 19 in the contacts 17 in a time series. Note that FIG. 8 depicts only one of the contacts 17 joined to the ceramic circuit board 14. Connection terminals 19 are press-fitted into the other contacts 17 in the same way. First, the tapered end 19b of a connection terminal 19 is set at the open end 17b1 of a contact 17 (see FIG. 8 (A)). The connection terminal 19 is then vertically pressed toward the ceramic circuit board 14 with a predetermined pressure. At this time, since the diagonal length A of the connection terminal 19 is longer than the inner diameter D of the contact 17, the connection terminal 19 is press-fitted into the contact 17 (see FIG. 8(B)).

[0028] Next, a connection terminal 19 that has been press-fitted in this way into a contact 17 will be described with reference to FIG. 9. FIG. 9 is a diagram useful in explaining a connection terminal that has been press-fitted into a contact. Note that FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view along a dot-dash line X-X in FIG. 8(B). FIG. 9(A) depicts a case (comparative example) where a connection terminal 19 in which the chamfers 19a2 are not formed at the corners 19a1 is press-fitted into a contact 17. FIG. 9(B) depicts a case where a connection terminal 19 that has the chamfers 19a2 formed at the corners 19a1 is press-fitted into a contact 17.

[0029] First, the case where a connection terminal 19 that does not have the chamfers 19a2 formed at the corners 19a1 (the state depicted in FIG. 5) is press-fitted into a contact 17 will be described as a comparative example. In this case, as depicted in FIG. 9(A), the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 is pressed outward by the corners 19a1 to form concaves 17a2. Along with this, the outer circumferential surface 17a3 of the contact 17 deforms to produce convexes 17a4 at positions corresponding to the concaves 17a2. In this state, the connection terminal 19 contacts the concaves 17a2 formed on the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 at the corners 19a1, with gaps being produced between the corners 19a1 and the concaves 17a2. This means that the area of contact between the connection terminal 19 and the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 is limited to only the corners 19a1. Accordingly, a state is produced where the connection terminal 19 will easily come out of the contact 17.

[0030] A different case where a connection terminal 19 whose corners 19a1 have been pressed to form the chamfers 19a2 (that is, the state depicted in FIG. 7) is press-fitted into a contact 17 is also depicted. In this case, as depicted in FIG. 9(B), the chamfers 19a2 of the connection terminal 19 contact the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17. This increases the area of contact with the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 compared with the case of the connection terminal 19 with the corners 19a1 depicted in FIG. 9(A). This means that the connection terminal 19 on which the chamfers 19a2 have been formed is more resistant to coming out of the contact 17 compared to the configuration in FIG. 9(A). A connection terminal 19 on which the chamfers 19a2 have been formed will now be described further with reference to FIG. 10.

[0031] FIG. 10 depicts a principal part in enlargement to assist in explanation of connection terminals that have been press-fitted into a contact. FIG. 10 is an enlargement of a principal part of the cross section of connection terminals 19 that have been press-fitted into the contact 17. FIG. 10(A) depicts a case where the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 of a connection terminal 19 is significantly smaller than the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17. FIG. 10(B) depicts a case where the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 of a connection terminal 19 is close to the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17. FIG. 10(C) depicts a case where the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 of a connection terminal 19 is significantly larger than the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17. Here, the expression "curvature" is defined as the radius of a circle that passes through three adjacent points on a curve, that is, the reciprocal of the radius of curvature. The higher the curvature, the tighter the curve.

[0032] First, a case where the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 formed on a connection terminal 19 is significantly smaller than the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 will be described. In this case, as depicted in FIG. 10(A), two contacting portions 19a21, which are the edges of the chamfer 19a2, of the connection terminal 19 come into contact with the inner circumferential surface 17al of the contact 17. The case where the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 formed in a connection terminal 19 is very close to the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 will now be described. In this case, as depicted in FIG. 10 (B), each chamfer 19a2 of the connection terminal 19 comes into contact across the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 with a contacting portion 19a22 as the origin. A further case where the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 formed on a connection terminal 19 is significantly larger than the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 will now be described. In this case, as depicted in FIG. 10(C), a contacting portion 19a23 at the tip of the chamfer 19a2 of the connection terminal 19 comes into contact with the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17.

[0033] In FIGS. 10(A), 10(B), and 10(C), the area of contact between the connection terminal 19 and the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 is larger than the case depicted in FIG. 9 (A). This means that the connection terminals 19 depicted in FIGS. 10(A), 10(B), and 10(C) are more resistant to coming out of the contact 17 than in the case of FIG. 9(A). Also, in the case of FIG. 10(B), the area of contact of the connection terminal 19 with the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 is further increased compared to the cases depicted in FIGS. 10(A) and 10(C). Accordingly, the connection terminal 19 in FIG. 10(B) is more resistant to coming out of the contact 17 than the cases in FIG. 9(A) and FIGS. 10(A) and 10(C). Therefore, as depicted in FIG. 10(B), the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 of the connection terminal 19 needs to be set so that the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17 is contacted by the contacting portion 19a22. Here, it is desirable for the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 of the connection terminal 19 to be at least 0.50 times but not greater than 2.0 times the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17. More preferably, the curvature is at least 0.66 times but not greater than 1.50 times the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1. Note that the case where the connection terminal 19 in the present embodiment is in the shape of a prism and chamfers 19a2 are formed at the corners 19a1 has been described. However, the present embodiment is not limited to this, and the cross section in the length direction of the connection terminal 19 may be polygonal and the curvature of the chamfer formed at each corner may be substantially equal to the curvature of the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contact 17.

[0034] [Step S14] On the ceramic circuit board 14 that has had the connection terminals 19 press-fitted into the contacts 17 in this way, connections are made between the circuit patterns 13 and between the circuit patterns 13 and the semiconductor elements 15 using the bonding wires 18a, 18b, and 18c. The heat dissipating plate 20 is attached to the rear surface of the ceramic circuit board 14. The heat dissipating plate 20 may be bonded to the rear surface of the ceramic circuit board 14 via a bonding layer such as solder (not illustrated). Base parts of side walls 21b of the case 21 are then fixed to the edges of the heat dissipating plate 20 using adhesive or the like. In this way, the ceramic circuit board 14 may be housed inside the case 21 by housing the ceramic circuit board 14 within the side walls 21b of the case 21 and covering the upper opening of the side walls 21b with a cover 21a. The cover 21a of the case 21 has through-holes through which the connection terminals 19 extend. With this configuration, the connection terminals 19 extend out from the front surface of the case 21. As examples, the heat dissipating plate 20 is made of aluminum, iron, silver, copper, or an alloy including at least one of these metals, which have superior thermal conductivity. To improve the corrosion resistance, as one example, a material such as nickel may be formed on the surface of the heat dissipating plate 20 by plating or the like. In more detail, aside from nickel, a nickel-phosphorus alloy, a nickel-boron alloy, or the like may be used. Note that a radiator (not illustrated) may be attached to the rear side of the heat dissipating plate 20 via solder, silver solder, or the like to improve the dissipation of heat. As examples, the radiator used here is made of aluminum, iron, silver, copper, or an alloy including at least one of these metals, which have superior thermal conductivity. A cooling device including a fin or a heat sink composed of a plurality of fins and a cooling device that uses water cooling or the like may also be used as the radiator. The heat dissipating plate 20 may be integrally formed with this type of radiator. In that case, the heat dissipating plate 20 is made of aluminum, iron, silver, copper, or an alloy including at least one of these materials that has superior thermal conductivity. In order to improve the corrosion resistance, as one example, a material such as nickel may be formed by plating or the like on the surface of the heat dissipating plate 20 that is integrated with the cooler. In more detail, aside from nickel, a nickel-phosphorus alloy, a nickel-boron alloy, or the like may be used.

[0035] As one example, the case 21 has a box-like shape with through-holes in the front surface through which the connection terminals 19 extend, and has an open rear surface. The case 21 is made of a thermoplastic resin. Examples of the resin include polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) resin, polybutylene succinate (PBS) resin, polyamide (PA) resin, and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) resin. It is also possible to seal the inside of the case 21 with a sealing member (not illustrated). As examples, the sealing member is made of a thermosetting resin, such as maleimide-modified epoxy resin, maleimide-modified phenol resin, and maleimide resin. The sealing member may also be made of gel. A gel-type sealing member is injected into the case 21 from a predetermined injection port formed in the case 21 and seals the ceramic circuit board 14, the semiconductor elements 15, the contacts 17, the bonding wires 18a, 18b, and 18c, and parts of the connection terminals 19 on the heat dissipating plate 20.

[0036] It is also possible to not provide the heat dissipating plate 20 on the rear surface of the ceramic circuit board 14. In this case, the base parts of the side walls 21b of the case 21 are fixed to the edges of the front surface of the ceramic circuit board 14 using adhesive or the like. The semiconductor elements 15, the base parts of the connection terminals 19, and the like are housed in the side walls 21b and the cover 21a of the case 21. However, in this case also, the ends of the connection terminals 19 extend out of the case 21. By using the above method of manufacturing, it is possible to manufacture the semiconductor device 10 depicted in FIG. 1.

[0037] Next, the tensile load of the connection terminals 19 on the contacts 17 with respect to the diagonal length A of the connection terminals 19 and the chamfered width B of the chamfers 19a2 will be described with reference to FIGS. 11 and 12. FIG. 11 illustrates graphs depicting chamfered width and the contact ratio with respect to the diagonal length of the connection terminal. Note that FIG. 11(A) depicts the chamfered width B of the chamfers 19a2 with respect to the diagonal length A of the connection terminals 19, and FIG. 11(B) depicts the contact ratio of a connection terminal 19 on a contact 17 with respect to the diagonal length A of the connection terminals 19. The horizontal axes in FIGS. 11(A) and 11(B) represent the diagonal length A (in mm) of each connection terminal 19. The vertical axis in FIG. 11(A) represents the chamfered width B (in mm) of the chamfers 19a2 of a connection terminal 19, and the horizontal axis in FIG. 11(B) represents the contact ratio.

[0038] FIG. 12 illustrates a graph depicting the average tensile load of a connection terminal with respect to the contact ratio between the connection terminal and a contact. Note that the horizontal axis in FIG. 12 represents the contact ratio of a connection terminal 19 on a contact 17. The vertical axis in FIG. 12 represents the average tensile load (N). The expression "average tensile load" refers to the tensile load when a connection terminal 19 that has been press-fitted into a contact 17 is pulled out to remove the connection terminal 19, and is the average of tensile loads obtained by pulling the connection terminal out a plurality of times.

[0039] First, connection terminals 19 used for measuring the tensile load are formed using a pressing jig 30 which is capable of forming various diagonal lengths A and chamfer widths B. As depicted in FIG. 11(A), the diagonal length A and the chamfered width B of the connection terminals 19 formed in this way are respectively 0.86 mm and 0.075 mm, 0.82 mm and 0.094 mm, 0.8 mm and 0.12 mm, 0.78 mm and 0.14 mm, and 0.76 mm and 0.166 mm. That is, as the diagonal length A decreases, the chamfered width B increases. Note that as described earlier, the curvature of the chamfers 19a2 of the connection terminals 19 is at least 0.50 times but not greater than 2.0 times the curvature of the inner circumferential surfaces 17a1 of the contacts 17. Meanwhile, the inner diameter D of the through-holes 17b of the contacts 17 used for measuring the tensile load is 0.75 mm, and the inner circumference of the through-holes 17b is 2.36 (= 0.75 × 3.14) mm. The connection terminals 19 described above are respectively press-fitted into these contacts 17. When doing so, the proportion of the contacting part (that is, the contact ratio) of the connection terminals 19 on the inner circumferential surface 17a1 of the contacts 17 may be calculated according to Equation (1) below.



[0040] With respect to the diagonal length A of a connection terminal 19, the contact ratio calculated in this way increases as the diagonal length A decreases, as depicted in FIG. 11(B). This is because the chamfered width B increases as the diagonal length A decreases. In addition, as depicted in FIG. 12, it was understood that the average tensile load of a connection terminal 19 with this contact ratio with the contact 17 increases as the diagonal length A decreases, that is, the average tensile load increases as the contact ratio increases. In particular, when the average tensile load is around 50 N or higher, stable press-fitting of a connection terminal 19 into a contact 17 may be maintained. For this reason, it is desirable for the contact ratio to be at least 0.20. Although not depicted in FIGS. 11 and 12, when the diagonal length A of the connection terminal 19 is 0.73 mm, the contact ratio falls and the average tensile load in this case also falls. This means that it is desirable for the contact ratio to be not greater than 0.28.

[0041] The method of manufacturing the semiconductor device 10 described above prepares the contacts 17, which are each equipped with a cylindrical through-hole 17b, and the connection terminals 19, which are in the shape of a prism, have a polygonal cross section with respect to the length direction, and a diagonal length across the cross section which is greater than the inner diameter of the through-holes 17b. Chamfers 19a2 whose curvature corresponds to the inner surface of the through-holes 17b are formed at the corners of the connection terminals 19, and the connection terminals 19 are press-fitted into the through-holes 17b of the contacts 17. In the semiconductor device 10 manufactured as described above, the connection terminals 19 press-fitted into the contacts 17 have an increased area of contact with the inner circumferential surfaces 17a1 of the through-holes 17b of the contacts 17. By doing so, the tensile load of the connection terminals 19 on the contacts 17 increases. This means that it is possible to stably press-fit the connection terminals 19, regardless of the material and surface condition of the press-fitted parts of the contacts 17. The connection terminals 19 are also more resistant to coming out of the contacts 17. By merely forming the chamfers 19a2 on the connection terminals 19, the tensile load of the connection terminals 19 on the contacts 17 is increased. This means that it is not needed to increase the diagonal length A of the connection terminals 19 for the same purpose, and it also eliminates the need of increasing the size of the connection terminals 19. By doing so, it is possible to suppress an increase in cost.

[0042] The above description is merely indicative of the principles of the present embodiment. A wide variety of modifications and changes may also be made by those skilled in the art. The present embodiment is not limited to the precise configurations and example applications indicated and described above, and all appropriate modifications and equivalents are regarded as falling within the scope of the embodiment as defined by the appended patent claims and their equivalents.

Reference Signs List



[0043] 

10 Semiconductor device

11 Insulating plate

12 Metal plate

13, 13a, 13b, 13c, 13d, 13e, 13f, 13g, 13h Circuit pattern

14 Ceramic circuit board

15, 15a, 15b, 15c Semiconductor element

16, 16a, 16b, 16c, 16d, 16e Solder

17 Contact

17a Body

17a1 Inner circumferential surface

17a2 Concave

17a3 Outer circumferential surface

17a4 Convex

17b Through-hole

17b1, 17b2 Open end

17c1, 17c2 Flange

18, 18a, 18b, 18c Bonding wire

19 Connection terminal

19a Body

19a1 Corner

19a2 Chamfer

19a21, 19a22, 19a23 Contacting portion

19b, 19c End

20 Heat dissipating plate

21 Case

21a Cover

21b Side wall

30 Pressing jig

31, 32 Pressing portion

31a, 31b, 32a, 32b Inclined surface




Claims

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, the method comprising:

preparing a contact, which has a cylindrical through-hole, and a connection terminal, which is shaped as a column and has a polygonal cross section along a length direction thereof, wherein a diagonal length across the cross section is greater than an inner diameter of the through-hole;

forming a chamfer whose curvature corresponds to an inner surface of the through-hole at each corner of the connection terminal; and

press-fitting the connection terminal into the through-hole of the contact.


 
2. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to claim 1,
wherein the curvature of each chamfer is not less than 0.50 times but not greater than 2.0 times a curvature of the inner surface of the through-hole.
 
3. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to claim 1 or claim 2,
wherein the forming includes forming the chamfer by pressing each corner of the connection terminal.
 
4. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to any one of claim 1 to claim 3,
wherein the connection terminal is shaped as a prism.
 
5. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to claim 4,
wherein the diagonal length of the connection terminal after the forming is not less than 1.02 times but not greater than 1.10 times the inner diameter of the through-hole.
 
6. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to claim 4 or claim 5,
wherein the forming includes forming the chamfers so that a sum of chamfered widths in a circumferential direction of the chamfers on the connection terminal is not less than 0.20 times but not greater than 0.28 times an inner circumference of the through-hole.
 
7. A semiconductor device, comprising:

a contact with a cylindrical through-hole; and

a connection terminal which is shaped as a column, has a polygonal cross section along a length direction thereof, has chamfers with a curvature corresponding to an inner surface of the through-hole formed at corners in the cross section, and is press-fitted into the through-hole with the chamfers in contact with the inner surface of the through-hole.


 
8. The semiconductor device according to claim 7,
wherein the connection terminal is shaped as a prism.
 
9. The semiconductor device according to claim 8,
wherein the curvature of each chamfer is not less than 0.50 times but not greater than 2.0 times a curvature of the inner surface of the through-hole.
 
10. The semiconductor device according to claim 8 or claim 9,
wherein a sum of chamfered widths in a circumferential direction of the chamfers on the connection terminal is not less than 0.20 times but not greater than 0.28 times an inner circumference of the through-hole.
 


Amended claims under Art. 19.1 PCT


1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, the method comprising:

preparing a contact, which has a cylindrical through-hole, and a connection terminal, which is shaped as a column and has a polygonal cross section along a length direction thereof, wherein a diagonal length across the cross section is greater than an inner diameter of the through-hole;

forming a chamfer whose curvature corresponds to an inner surface of the through-hole at each corner of the connection terminal; and

press-fitting the connection terminal into the through-hole of the contact.


 
2. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to claim 1,
wherein the curvature of each chamfer is not less than 0.50 times but not greater than 2.0 times a curvature of the inner surface of the through-hole.
 
3. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to claim 1 or claim 2,
wherein the forming includes forming the chamfer by pressing each corner of the connection terminal.
 
4. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to any one of claim 1 to claim 3,
wherein the connection terminal is shaped as a prism.
 
5. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to claim 4,
wherein the diagonal length of the connection terminal after the forming is not less than 1.02 times but not greater than 1.10 times the inner diameter of the through-hole.
 
6. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor device according to claim 4 or claim 5,
wherein the forming includes forming the chamfers so that a sum of chamfered widths in a circumferential direction of the chamfers on the connection terminal is not less than 0.20 times but not greater than 0.28 times an inner circumference of the through-hole.
 
7. A semiconductor device, comprising:

a contact with a cylindrical through-hole; and

a connection terminal which is shaped as a column, has a polygonal cross section along a length direction thereof, has chamfers with a curvature corresponding to an inner surface of the through-hole formed at corners in the cross section, and is press-fitted into the through-hole with the chamfers in contact with the inner surface of the through-hole.


 
8. The semiconductor device according to claim 7,
wherein the connection terminal is shaped as a prism.
 
9. The semiconductor device according to claim 8,
wherein the curvature of each chamfer is not less than 0.50 times but not greater than 2.0 times a curvature of the inner surface of the through-hole.
 
10. The semiconductor device according to claim 8 or claim 9,
wherein a sum of chamfered widths in a circumferential direction of the chamfers on the connection terminal is not less than 0.20 times but not greater than 0.28 times an inner circumference of the through-hole.
 
11. [Add] The semiconductor device according to any one of claim 7 to claim 10,
wherein nickel or nickel alloy is formed on a surface of the contact by a plating process.
 
12. [Add] The semiconductor device according to any one of claim 7 to claim 11,
wherein nickel or nickel alloy is formed on a surface of the connection terminal by a plating process.
 
13. [Add] The semiconductor device according to any one of claim 7 to claim 12,
wherein a tapered end is formed at at least an end of the connection terminal that is press-fitted into the contact.
 
14. [Add] The semiconductor device according to any one of claim 7 to claim 13,
wherein each chamfer of the connection terminal is in contact across an inner surface of the through-hole, with a contacting portion that contacts the inner surface of the through-hole as an origin.
 




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Search report







Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description