(19)
(11)EP 3 705 173 A2

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(88)Date of publication A3:
27.06.2019

(43)Date of publication:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 18874050.0

(22)Date of filing:  30.10.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B01D 65/08(2006.01)
B01D 61/10(2006.01)
C02F 1/44(2006.01)
B01D 61/02(2006.01)
B01D 63/10(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2018/012957
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/088633 (09.05.2019 Gazette  2019/19)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 03.11.2017 KR 20170145694

(71)Applicant: LG Chem, Ltd.
Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHOI, Jun Won
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • IM, Ye Hoon
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)WATER TREATMENT FILTER MODULE, AND APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING HELICAL STRAND FOR WATER TREATMENT FILTER MODULE


(57) The present invention relates to a water-treatment filter module, an apparatus and a method for manufacturing a helical strand for a water-treatment filter module, and a method for manufacturing a spacer, and according to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a water-treatment filter module comprising a membrane for filtering raw water and a spacer laminated to the membrane and providing a plurality of passages for passing raw water through the membrane, wherein the spacer comprises a first member extending in a first direction and a second member extending in a second direction different from the first direction and disposed so as to form spacer cells by intersecting with the first member, and at least one of the first member and the second member is wound in a spiral shape having a predetermined pitch of a predetermined radius around the extended direction.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a water-treatment filter module, an apparatus and a method for manufacturing a helical strand for a water-treatment filter module, and a method for manufacturing a spacer.

[0002] This application claims the benefit of priority based on Korean Patent Application No. 10-2017-0145694 filed on November 3, 2017, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

Background Art



[0003] A water-treatment filter module is a device for removing impurities from raw water.

[0004] Recently, water treatment technology has become important due to environmental pollution and the like, and in particular, a membrane water-treatment module using reverse osmosis can be used to purify raw water by removing polymers, colloids and grains (particles).

[0005] A process of moving a solution with a high concentration toward a low concentration by using pressure is called 'reverse osmosis' and a device for purifying water by passing only water molecules through a semipermeable membrane using this principle is called a reverse osmosis membrane water-treatment module. At this time, the semipermeable membrane is a 'reverse osmosis membrane filter' and one obtained by modularizing these filters is a reverse osmosis membrane filter module.

[0006] As such a reverse osmosis membrane filter module, a spiral-wound separation membrane module is used.

[0007] The spiral-wound separation membrane module has a structure in which a membrane and a spacer are alternately laminated. The membrane performs a function of filtering the impurities.

[0008] Figure 1 is a plan view of a conventional spacer (10), and Figure 2 is an analysis result showing representative flows in the spacer (10) shown in Figure 1.

[0009] Referring to Figure 1, the spacer (10) forms a passage through which raw water flows into a membrane. For example, the spacer (10) has a net-like web structure. Specifically, the spacer (10) includes a plurality of strands (11) arranged in a crossed fashion so as to form spacer cells (12) through which the raw water can pass.

[0010] On the other hand, as shown in Figure 2, when the raw water is introduced, a differential pressure is generated due to flow disturbance by the spacer, which increases energy costs.

[0011] In particular, referring to Figure 2, the volume increases at contact points where a number of strands (11) intersect, and whirlpools occur in the corresponding region. This whirlpool phenomenon increases pressure loss. In Figure 2, the reference symbol F denotes the main flow direction.

[0012] In addition, a concentration polarization occurs near the membrane necessarily due to water permeation flux, where as this phenomenon becomes more severe, the osmotic pressure increases near the membrane and the water permeability decreases.

[0013] Therefore, it is required to design a spacer capable of generating a low differential pressure and mitigating the concentration polarization phenomenon.

[0014] On the other hand, in conventional type spacers, extrusion has been used, but it is difficult to manufacture various types of spacers in this manner, and when injection molding is used for precise shape control, there is a problem that production costs increase because the mold has to be manufactured.

Disclosure


Technical Problem



[0015] It is an object of the present invention to provide a water-treatment filter module, a helical strand for a water-treatment filter module, and an apparatus and a method for manufacturing a spacer, which can generate a low differential pressure and mitigate a concentration polarization phenomenon.

Technical Solution



[0016] To solve the above-described object, according to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a water-treatment filter module comprising a membrane for filtering raw water; and a spacer laminated to the membrane and providing a plurality of passages for passing raw water through the membrane, wherein the spacer comprises a first member extending in a first direction; and a second member extending in a second direction different from the first direction and disposed so as to form spacer cells by intersecting with the first member, and at least one of the first member and the second member is wound in a spiral shape having a predetermined pitch of a predetermined radius around the extended direction.

[0017] Also, according to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for manufacturing a helical strand of a water-treatment filter module, comprising: an extrusion nozzle; a rotating roll on which a strand extruded from the extrusion nozzle is wound; a first driving part for axial movement and rotation of the rotating roll; and a control part for adjusting the rotation speed and the axial movement speed of the rotating roll in order to adjust the pitch of the helical strand wound on the rotating roll.

[0018] Furthermore, according to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for manufacturing a helical strand of a water-treatment filter module, comprising: an extrusion nozzle; a rotating roll on which a strand extruded from the extrusion nozzle is wound; a second driving part for rotation of the rotating roll; a third driving part for moving the extrusion nozzle along the axial direction of the rotating roll; and a control part for adjusting the rotation speed of the rotating roll and the axial movement speed of the extrusion nozzle in order to adjust the pitch of the helical strand wound on the rotating roll.

[0019] In addition, according to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for manufacturing a helical strand of a water-treatment filter module, comprising steps of: extruding a strand through an extrusion nozzle; and rotating a rotating roll and simultaneously moving at least one of the rotating roll and the extrusion nozzle along the axial direction of the rotating roll, thereby winding the strand on the rotating roll in a spiral shape to form a helical strand.

[0020] According to still another aspect of the present invention, there is also provided a method for manufacturing a spacer of a water-treatment filter module, comprising steps of: extruding a strand through an extrusion nozzle; rotating a rotating roll and simultaneously moving at least one of the rotating roll and the extrusion nozzle along the axial direction of the rotating roll, thereby winding the strand on the rotating roll in a spiral shape to form a helical strand; and arranging a plurality of helical strands in a cross fashion without any contact point to manufacture a spacer.

Advantageous Effects



[0021] As described above, the water-treatment filter module, the helical strand for the water-treatment filter module, and the apparatus and method for manufacturing the spacer, related to at least one example of the present invention have the following effects.

[0022] By constituting the strands forming the spacer with helical strands having a predetermined radius and pitch, the flow can be directed to the surface of the membrane, the whirlpool occurrence can be prevented due to removal of the contact points in the cross regions and the pressure loss can be minimized.

[0023] The production cost increase can be suppressed upon manufacturing the helical strand.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0024] 

Figure 1 is a plan view of a conventional spacer.

Figure 2 is an analysis result showing representative flows in the spacer shown in Figure 1.

Figures 3 and 4 are diagrams showing a spacer constituting a water-treatment filter module related to one example of the present invention.

Figure 5 shows an analysis result using the spacer shown in Figure 4.

Figure 6 is a schematic diagram for explaining an apparatus and a method for manufacturing a helical strand for a water-treatment filter module related to one example of the present invention.


Mode for Invention



[0025] Hereinafter, a water-treatment filter module, a helical strand for a water-treatment filter module, and an apparatus and a method for manufacturing a spacer, according to one example of the present invention, will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0026] In addition, the same or similar reference numerals are given to the same or corresponding components regardless of reference numerals, of which redundant explanations will be omitted, and for convenience of explanation, the size and shape of each constituent member as shown may be exaggerated or reduced.

[0027] Figures 3 and 4 are diagrams showing a spacer (100) constituting a water-treatment filter module related to one example of the present invention, and Figure 5 shows an analysis result using the spacer (100) shown in Figure 4.

[0028] The water-treatment filter module associated with one example of the present invention comprises a membrane for filtering raw water and a spacer (100) laminated to the membrane and providing a plurality of passages (also referred to as 'spacer cells') for passing raw water through the membrane.

[0029] The membrane may be formed of various materials capable of a reverse osmosis phenomenon.

[0030] The spacer (100) comprises a first member (110) extending in a first direction and a second member (120) extending in a second direction different from the first direction and disposed so as to form spacer cells (130) by intersecting with the first member (110).

[0031] Each of the first member (110) and the second member (120) is the above-described strand, which may be formed of a resin material, and in particular, may be formed of the same resin material, and for example, may be formed of a polyethylene (PE) resin, a polypropylene (PP) resin or a combination thereof. Furthermore, the first member (110) and the second member (120) may have a substantially circular (or elliptical) cross section and may have a diameter of 50µm to 200µm.

[0032] At least one member of the first member (110) and the second member (120) is wound in a spiral shape with a predetermined pitch (p) of a predetermined radius around the extended direction (central axis A). That is, at least one of the first member (110) and the second member (120) is the spirally wound helical strand based on the central axis (A).

[0033] Also, the first member (110) and the second member (120) each have a helical shape that is wound at a predetermined pitch of a predetermined radius around the extended direction (central axis).

[0034] Furthermore, the first member (110) and the second member (120) may be helical strands wound along the same rotational direction based on the central axis (A). Otherwise, the first member (110) and the second member (120) may be helical strands wound along different rotational directions.

[0035] In addition, the first member (110) and the second member (120) may have the same radius and the same pitch.

[0036] The pitch (p) may be 1800µm to 3000µm. If the pitch (p) has a value smaller than the numerical value range, the cost increases excessively, whereas if the pitch (p) has a value larger than the numerical value range, the flow passage reduction may be severe upon packing.

[0037] In addition, the radius may be 100µm to 500µm. If the radius has a value smaller than the numerical value range, the pressure loss becomes excessively high, whereas if the radius has a value larger than the numerical value range, the radius of the water-treatment filter module becomes excessively large and thus the efficiency decreases.

[0038] On the other hand, the first member (110) and the second member (120) can be crossed and arranged in cross regions (C) without any contact point. The spacer (100) can also hold the spacer cells (130) only in the cross-arranged state without any separate bonding in cross regions by the helical shape of the first and second members (110, 120).

[0039] Also, the first member (110) and the second member (120) may be crossed and arranged so that the spacer cells (130) have a roughly diamond shape.

[0040] Referring to Figure 5, it can be confirmed that upward and downward flows occur in the cross regions without whirlpools.

[0041] The differential pressure has been analyzed through the spacer shown in Figure 1 and the spacer shown in Figure 4.

[0042] In the spacer of Figure 1, the distance between the strands is 2750µm, and in the spacer of Figure 4, the pitch of the helical strands is 2750µm. At this time, the differential pressure in the spacer of Figure 1 was about 1032Pa, and the differential pressure in the spacer of Figure 4 was interpreted as 665Pa.

[0043] Hereinafter, an apparatus and a method for manufacturing a helical strand and a spacer having the same structure as the first and second members (110, 120) will be described in detail.

[0044] Figure 6 is a schematic diagram for explaining an apparatus (200) and a method for manufacturing a helical strand for a water-treatment filter module associated with one example of the present invention.

[0045] Referring to Figure 6, an apparatus (200) for manufacturing a helical strand of a water-treatment filter module associated with a first example comprise an extrusion nozzle (210), a rotating roll (220) on which a strand extruded from the extrusion nozzle (210) is wound, a first driving part (240) for axial movement and rotation of the rotating roll (220) and a control part (250) for adjusting the rotation speed (w) and the axial movement speed (v) of the rotating roll (220) in order to adjust the pitch (p) of the helical strand wound on the rotating roll (220).

[0046] According to the first example, the strand is extruded from the extrusion nozzle (210), and the extruded strand is spirally wound on the rotating roll (220), thereby being made into a helical strand. At this time, the first driving part (230) adjusts the pitch (p) of the helical strand wound on the rotating roll (220) by rotating the rotating roll (220) and simultaneously performing the axial movement of the rotating roll (220).

[0047] Alternatively, an apparatus (200) for manufacturing a helical strand of a water-treatment filter module associated with a second example of the present invention comprises an extrusion nozzle (210), a rotating roll (220) on which a strand extruded from the extrusion nozzle (210) is wound, a second driving part for rotation of the rotating roll (220), a third driving part (240) for moving the extrusion nozzle (110) along the axial direction of the rotating roll (220), and a control part (250) for adjusting the rotation speed of the rotating roll (220) and the axial movement speed of the extrusion nozzle (210) in order to adjust the pitch of the helical strand wound on the rotating roll. In this example, the second driving part is provided to drive only the rotation of the rotating roll (220), unlike the first driving part (230) of the first example.

[0048] According to the second example, the strand is extruded from the extrusion nozzle (210), and the extruded strand is spirally wound on the rotating roll (220), thereby being made into a helical strand. At this time, the second driving part is provided so as to rotate the rotating roll, and the third driving part (240) is provided so as to adjust the pitch of the helical strand wound on the rotating roll (220) by moving the extrusion nozzle (210) along the axial direction of the rotating roll (220).

[0049] That is, there is a difference in that the axial movement target in the first example is the rotating roll (220), and the axial movement target in the second example is the extrusion nozzle (210).

[0050] A manufacturing method using a manufacturing apparatus (200) having the above structure is a method for manufacturing a helical strand of a water-treatment filter module, which comprises steps of: extruding a strand through an extrusion nozzle; and rotating a rotating roll (220) and simultaneously moving at least one of the rotating roll (220) and the extrusion nozzle (210) along the axial direction of the rotating roll, thereby winding the strand on the rotating roll (220) in a spiral shape to form a helical strand.

[0051] At this time, in order to adjust the pitch (p) of the helical strand, the step of forming the helical strand may further comprise a step of adjusting the rotation speed (w) and the axial movement speed (v) of the rotating roll (220).

[0052] A method for manufacturing a spacer for a water-treatment filter module using a helical strand comprises steps of extruding a strand through an extrusion nozzle, rotating a rotating roll and simultaneously moving at least one of the rotating roll and the extrusion nozzle along the axial direction of the rotating roll, thereby winding the strand on the rotating roll in a spiral shape to form a helical strand and arranging a plurality of helical strands in a cross fashion without any contact point to manufacture a spacer.

[0053] The preferred examples of the present invention as described above are disclosed for illustrative purposes, which can be modified, changed and added within thought and scope of the present invention by those skilled in the art and it will be considered that such modification, change and addition fall within the following claims.

Industrial Applicability



[0054] According to the present invention, by constituting the strands forming the spacer with helical strands having a predetermined radius and pitch, the flow can be directed to the surface of the membrane, the whirlpool occurrence can be prevented due to removal of the contact points in the crossing regions and the pressure loss can be minimized.


Claims

1. A water-treatment filter module comprising a membrane for filtering raw water; and
a spacer laminated to the membrane and providing a plurality of passages for passing raw water through the membrane,
wherein the spacer comprises a first member extending in a first direction; and
a second member extending in a second direction different from the first direction and disposed so as to form spacer cells by intersecting with the first member, and
at least one of the first member and the second member is wound in a spiral shape having a predetermined pitch of a predetermined radius around the extended direction.
 
2. The water-treatment filter module according to claim 1,
wherein the first member and the second member each have a helical shape that is wound at a predetermined pitch of a predetermined radius around the extended direction.
 
3. The water-treatment filter module according to claim 2,
wherein the first member and the second member are wound along the same rotational direction.
 
4. The water-treatment filter module according to claim 2,
wherein the first member and the second member are wound along different rotational directions.
 
5. The water-treatment filter module according to claim 2,
wherein the first member and the second member have the same radius and the same pitch.
 
6. The water-treatment filter module according to claim 5,
wherein the pitch is 1800µm to 3000µm.
 
7. The water-treatment filter module according to claim 5,
wherein the radius is 100µm to 500µm.
 
8. The water-treatment filter module according to claim 2,
wherein the first member and the second member are crossed and arranged without any contact point.
 
9. The water-treatment filter module according to claim 8,
wherein the first member and the second member are crossed and arranged so that the spacer cells have a diamond shape.
 
10. A method for manufacturing a spacer of the water-treatment filter module according to claim 1, comprising steps of:

extruding a strand through an extrusion nozzle;

rotating a rotating roll and simultaneously moving at least one of the rotating roll and the extrusion nozzle along the axial direction of the rotating roll, thereby winding the strand on the rotating roll in a spiral shape to form a helical strand; and

arranging a plurality of helical strands in a cross fashion without any contact point to manufacture a spacer.


 




Drawing














Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description