(19)
(11)EP 3 705 743 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 17821667.7

(22)Date of filing:  03.11.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16C 13/00(2006.01)
B60B 33/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/ES2017/070732
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/086728 (09.05.2019 Gazette  2019/19)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(71)Applicant: Iraundi, S.A.
20570 Bergara (Gipuzkoa) (ES)

(72)Inventor:
  • AZKARATE URIBESALGO, Rafael
    20570 Bergara (Gipuzkoa) (ES)

(74)Representative: Herrero & Asociados, S.L. 
Cedaceros, 1
28014 Madrid
28014 Madrid (ES)

  


(54)BEARING FOR SLIDING STRUCTURES


(57) The invention relates to a bearing (1) for sliding structures that comprises an inner ring (2), a rolling system formed by a cage (3) and a plurality of radially mobile metal balls (4), an outer ring (6) provided with a groove (7) on the inner surface thereof in order to allow the balls (4) to roll, a stamped metal bushing (8), and a thermoplastic strip (9) injected onto the stamped bushing (8), wherein the stamped bushing (8) has an omega profile formed by a compressible central part (8') in order to retain the stamped bushing (8) between the outer ring (6) and the thermoplastic strip (9), a first foot (8") sized to make contact with the side surface (9c) of the thermoplastic strip (9), and a second foot (8"') sized to make contact with the side surface (6c) of the outer ring (6).




Description

Object of the invention



[0001] The present invention relates to a bearing for sliding structures, such as doors in general, and in particular, elevator doors.

[0002] An object of the invention consists of creating a bearing capable of providing greater features of load capacity and durability at a reduced cost.

Background of the invention



[0003] The use of bearings for sliding structures of the type that comprise a rolling system based on a cage with encapsulated balls and which respond to the classic configuration in which the race of the balls is established on the peripheral face of a ring that provides inner support to the bearing, and wherein said ring is provided to be mounted on the element with respect to which a relative rotation is intended to be established, is known in the state of the art.

[0004] Likewise, this type of bearing usually includes a second ring arranged over the rolling system, and on the same, a metal bushing, conventionally covered by a thermoplastic strip, preferably made of polyamide.

[0005] Currently, this stamped metal bushing is configured as a thickened ring to provide durability and load capacity to the bearing. Furthermore, the bushing provides lateral extensions to retain the thermoplastic strip on the same, which provides protection against extreme temperatures and high degrees of humidity, as well as greater chemical and mechanical resistance.

[0006] However, these bearings are expensive.

[0007] Therefore, in the state of the art it is desirable to provide bearings for sliding structures that are able to have the same features of load capacity and durability as bearings in the state of the art, but at a lower cost.

Description of the invention



[0008] The bearing for sliding structures proposed by the present invention is presented as an improvement with respect to the state of the art, as it satisfactorily achieves the aforementioned objectives indicated as ideal for the art.

[0009] The invention consists of a bearing for sliding structures that comprises an inner ring, a rolling system, an outer ring, a stamped bushing and a thermoplastic strip.

[0010] The inner ring has an outer surface and an inner surface, wherein the inner surface is threaded and configured to be fastened to a sliding structure.

[0011] The rolling system is made up of a cage and a plurality of metal balls. The cage has an annular configuration and is mounted on the outer surface of the inner ring. The cage is further provided with a plurality of through cavities arranged in radial positions around the same. The balls are housed in the cavities of the cage in a radially mobile way. The balls have a greater diameter than the transverse cross section of the cage in order to allow the bearing to roll. The rolling system is responsible for transforming the rectilinear movement received by the bearing into rotational movement.

[0012] The outer ring is metal and provided with an outer surface, an inner surface and pair of side surfaces arranged between both. The inner surface has a groove configured to enable the rolling of the balls.

[0013] The stamped bushing is metal and is mounted and fixed to the outer surface of the outer ring.

[0014] The thermoplastic strip has an external outer surface, an inner surface in contact with the stamped bushing, and a pair of side surfaces arranged between both. The thermoplastic strip is injected onto the stamped bushing to protect the bearing during the rolling thereof.

[0015] The stamped bushing has an omega profile formed by compressible central part in order to retain the stamped bushing between the outer ring and the thermoplastic strip, a first foot sized to make contact with the side surface of the thermoplastic strip, and a second foot sized to make contact with the side surface of the outer ring.

[0016] By configuring the stamped bushing with an omega profile, the invention provides a hollow or empty area which reduces the weight and the amount of material used for the piece. Furthermore, this omega configuration allows a central part with the capacity for compression to be provided, and therefore it is suitable to be retained between the outer ring and the thermoplastic strip. On the one hand, this compression allows the stamped bushing to be retained in the bearing, and on the other, it reduces the weight and the amount of material conventionally used in the stamped bushing. Therefore, the stamped bushing can be configured with an omega profile, with feet with a shorter length. It is sufficient enough to provide a first foot configured to cover one of the side surfaces of the thermoplastic strip, and a second foot configured to cover one of the side surfaces of the outer ring. The first foot retains the thermoplastic strip on the stamped bushing and the second foot retains the stamped bushing on the outer ring.

[0017] According to a preferred embodiment, the central part of the stamped bushing comprises a contact surface in contact with the inner surface of the thermoplastic strip, wherein said contact surface has at least a projection (compressible) configured to retain the thermoplastic strip. Thus, the compression of these projections of the thermoplastic strip maximizes the retention of the thermoplastic strip by the stamped bushing.

[0018] According to another preferred embodiment, the stamped bushing comprises at least a hollow, and the thermoplastic strip comprises at least a protrusion, wherein said protrusion is housed in the at least one hollow of the stamped bushing to reinforce the fastening of the thermoplastic strip to the stamped bushing.

[0019] According to another preferred embodiment, the bearing further comprises a pair of dust caps mounted on both sides of the outer ring to prevent dirt from entering the same and to protect the rolling of the rolling system.

[0020] According to another preferred embodiment, the rolling system further comprises a grease layer of lithium soap to protect it from environmental agents. This grease layer of lithium soap provides a lifetime lubrication that guarantees the proper functioning of the bearing, prevents the wear of components and isolates them from humidity and dirt.

[0021] Preferably, the thermoplastic strip consists of a polyamide strip, and more preferably, of polyamide 11. This polyamide has several advantages, such as:
  • it is flame-retardant;
  • it has low humidity absorption, and therefore maintains dimensional stability;
  • it has a high chemical resistance to fuels, oils, gases, water, solvents and industrial liquids;
  • it has a high mechanical resistance to impacts, elongation and abrasion;
  • it has a flexible, plastic and elastic behavior;
  • it has a high resistance to ageing, high durability, etc.;
  • it has a wide range of operation: from -60°C to +150°C.


[0022] Preferably, the cage is made of a thermoplastic material, preferably polyamide, due to the aforementioned advantages.

[0023] Preferably, the balls are made of steel, which provides strong resistance and durability to the rolling system of the bearing.

[0024] Preferably, the outer ring is made of a rectified tempered metal material.

[0025] Preferably, the inner ring is machined as a single piece.

[0026] Preferably, the thermoplastic strip has a substantially U-shaped profile to be coupled to a guide rail for a sliding structure.

Description of the drawings



[0027] As a complement to the description being made, and for the purpose of helping to make the characteristics of the invention more readily understandable, in accordance with a preferred practical embodiment thereof, said description is accompanied by a set of drawings constituting an integral part thereof which, by way of illustration and not limitation, represent the following:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the bearing according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 shows the stamped bushing according to a preferred embodiment of the invention. Figure 2a shows a perspective view of the stamped bushing. Figure 2b shows a view of a transverse cross section of the stamped bushing.

Figure 3 shows a perspective view of the stamped bushing mounted on the outer ring, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 4 shows a perspective view of the thermoplastic strip arranged on stamped bushing shown in figure 3.

Figure 5 shows a view a transverse cross section of the thermoplastic strip, the stamped bushing and the outer ring shown in figure 4.


Preferred embodiment of the invention



[0028] Figure 1 shows a bearing (1) for sliding structures which comprises an inner ring (2), a rolling system formed by an annular cage (3) and a plurality of metal balls (4), an outer ring (6), a pair of dust caps (13) arranged on both sides of the outer ring (6), a stamped bushing (8) and a thermoplastic strip (9).

[0029] The inner ring (2) has an outer surface (2a) and an inner surface (2b). As observed in figure 1, the inner surface (2b) being threaded and configured to be fastened to a sliding structure, driven by a rectilinear movement to carry out the advancement.

[0030] The cage (3) of the rolling system is mounted on the outer surface (2a) of the inner ring (2) and is provided with a plurality of through cavities (5), arranged in radial positions around the same.

[0031] The rolling system is completed with a plurality of metal balls (4), preferably made of steel, housed in the cavities (5) in a radially mobile way, wherein each ball (4) has a greater diameter than the transverse cross section of the cage (3) in order to enable the bearing (1) to roll.

[0032] The rolling system is responsible for transforming the rectilinear movement received by the inner ring (2) into rotational movement.

[0033] The rolling system preferably includes a grease layer of lithium soap to protect it from environmental agents.

[0034] The outer ring (6) is arranged on the rolling system. The outer ring (6) is metal and has an outer surface (6a), an inner surface (6b) and pair of side surfaces (6c) arranged between both. As can be seen in figure 1, and also in figures 3, 4 and 5, the inner surface (6b) of the outer ring (6) has a groove (7) configured to enable the balls (4) to roll throughout the same.

[0035] Arranged on both sides of the outer ring (6) is a pair of dust caps (13) to prevent dirt from entering the same and to protect the rolling of the rolling system.

[0036] The stamped bushing (8) is arranged on the outer ring (6). The stamped bushing (8) is metal and is mounted and fixed to the outer surface (6a) of the outer ring (6). As can be seen in figure 1, and especially in figures 2a and 2b, the busing (8) has an omega profile formed by a compressible central part (8') extended to both sides of the bearing (1), a first foot (8") sized in order to retain the thermoplastic strip (9), and a second foot (8"') sized in order to retain the outer ring (6).

[0037] The stamped bushing (8) is retained by the compression of the central part (8') thereof between the outer ring (6) and the thermoplastic strip (9).

[0038] Likewise, as shown in figures 1, 2a, 2b and 3, for the purpose of strengthening the retention of the thermoplastic strip (9) on the stamped bushing (8), the stamped bushing (8) can incorporate at least a hollow (10) and the thermoplastic strip (9) at least a protrusion (11) housed in the at least one hollow (10) of the stamped bushing (8).

[0039] Furthermore, as shown in figures 1, 3 and 4, for the purpose of further strengthening the retention of the thermoplastic strip (9) on the stamped bushing (8), the central part (8') of the stamped bushing can incorporate at least a projection (12) on a contact surface (8a) of said stamped bushing (8), wherein said contact surface (8a) makes contact with the inner surface (9b) of the thermoplastic strip (9).

[0040] Lastly, arranged on the busing (8) is the thermoplastic strip (9), deposited by injection and provided with an external outer surface (9a), an inner surface (9b) in contact with the stamped bushing (8), and a pair of side surfaces (9c) arranged between the two. As can be observed in figures 1, 4 and 5, one of the side surfaces (9c) is in contact with one of the feet (8", 8"'), and specifically, with the first foot (8") of the stamped bushing (8) to retain the thermoplastic strip (9) on the stamped bushing (8).

[0041] Preferably, as shown in figures 1, 4 and 5, the thermoplastic strip (9) has a substantially U-shaped profile to couple to a guide rail for a sliding structure.

[0042] Lastly, in light of this description and figures, the person skilled in the art may understand that the invention has been described according to some preferred embodiments thereof, but that multiple variations may be introduced in said preferred embodiments without detracting from the object of the invention as claimed.


Claims

1. A bearing (1) for sliding structures comprising:

- an inner ring (2) with an outer surface (2a) and an inner threaded surface (2b) configured to be fastened to a sliding structure,

- a rolling system formed by an annular cage (3) and a plurality of metal balls (4), wherein the cage (3) is mounted on the outer surface (2a) of the inner ring (2) and is provided with a plurality of through cavities (5) arranged in radial positions around the same, and wherein the balls (4) are housed in the cavities (5) in a radially mobile way, wherein each ball (4) has a greater diameter than the transverse cross section of the cage (3) in order to enable the bearing (1) to roll,

- an outer metal ring (6), mounted on the rolling system and provided with an outer surface (6a), an inner surface (6b), and a pair of side surfaces (6c) arranged between both, wherein the inner surface (6b) has a groove (7) configured to allow the balls (4) to roll,

- a metal stamped bushing (8) mounted and fixed to the outer surface (6a) of the outer ring (6), and,

- an injected thermoplastic strip (9) with an external outer surface (9a), an inner surface (9b) in contact with the stamped bushing (8), and a pair of side surfaces (9c) arranged between the two,

characterized in that

- the stamped bushing (8) has an omega profile formed by compressible central part (8') in order to retain the stamped bushing (8) between the outer ring (6) and the thermoplastic strip (9), a first foot (8") sized to make contact with the side surface (9c) of the thermoplastic strip (9), and a second foot (8"') sized to make contact with the side surface (6c) of the outer ring (6).


 
2. The bearing (1) for sliding structures according to claim 1, characterized in that the central part (8') of the stamped bushing (8) comprises a contact surface (8a) in contact with the inner surface (9b) of the thermoplastic strip, wherein said contact surface (8a) has at least a projection (12) configured to retain the thermoplastic strip (9).
 
3. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the stamped bushing (8) comprises at least a hollow (10), and in that the thermoplastic strip (9) comprises at least a protrusion (11), wherein said protrusion (11) is housed in the at least one hollow (10) of the stamped bushing (8) to reinforce the fastening of the thermoplastic strip (9) to the stamped bushing (8).
 
4. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that it further comprises a pair of dust caps (13) mounted on both sides of the outer ring (6) to prevent dirt from entering the same and to protect the rolling of the rolling system.
 
5. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the rolling system further comprises a grease layer of lithium soap to protect it from environmental agents.
 
6. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the thermoplastic strip (9) consists of a polyamide strip.
 
7. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the cage (3) is made of polyamide.
 
8. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the balls (4) are made of steel.
 
9. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the outer ring (6) is rectified tempered metal.
 
10. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the inner ring is machined as a single piece.
 
11. The bearing (1) for sliding structures, according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the thermoplastic strip (9) has a substantially U-shaped profile to couple to a guide rail for a sliding structure.
 




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