(19)
(11)EP 3 705 984 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 18867309.9

(22)Date of filing:  20.09.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G06F 3/041(2006.01)
H01L 27/32(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/106702
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/085671 (09.05.2019 Gazette  2019/19)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 30.10.2017 CN 201711052099

(71)Applicants:
  • BOE Technology Group Co., Ltd.
    Beijing 100015 (CN)
  • Ordos Yuansheng Optoelectronics Co., Ltd.
    Ordos, Inner Mongolia 017020 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LIU, Lina
    Beijing 100176 (CN)
  • YANG, Hualing
    Beijing 100176 (CN)

(74)Representative: Cohausz & Florack 
Patent- & Rechtsanwälte Partnerschaftsgesellschaft mbB Bleichstraße 14
40211 Düsseldorf
40211 Düsseldorf (DE)

  


(54)FLEXIBLE DISPLAY SCREEN, AND DISPLAY DEVICE


(57) The present disclosure provides a flexible display screen and a display device. The flexible display screen includes: a substrate; a backing film stacked on a side of the substrate facing away from a light-emitting surface of the flexible display screen; and a pressure sensor stacked on a side of the backing film facing away from the substrate and configured to output a signal related to a force applied on the flexible display screen.




Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION



[0001] This application claims priority from Chinese patent application No. 201711052099.X filed with the China National Intellectual Property Administration on October 30, 2017, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] The present disclosure relates to the technical field of display technology, and particularly relates to a flexible display screen and a display device.

BACKGROUND



[0003] In recent years, with the emergence and continuous development of OLED display technology, flexible display and flexible pressure touch control technologies have emerged accordingly. Currently in the field of display, especially in the field of mobile phones or tablets, pressure sensors that sense a pressure on a display panel usually require to be formed on an additional glass substrate, which is then incorporated into a flexible display panel. In this way, a thickness of the flexible display panel is increased due to the addition of the glass substrate.

SUMMARY



[0004] The present disclosure has been accomplished in order to solve at least part of the problems in the related art. The present disclosure provides a light and thin flexible display screen and a display device.

[0005] According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a flexible display screen, comprising:

a substrate;

a backing film stacked on a side of the substrate facing away from a light-emitting surface of the flexible display screen; and

a pressure sensor stacked on a side of the backing film facing away from the substrate and configured to output a signal related to a force applied on the flexible display screen.



[0006] In some embodiments, the flexible display screen further includes a light shielding layer between the backing film and the pressure sensor.

[0007] In some embodiments, the flexible display screen further includes a light shielding layer between the substrate and the backing film.

[0008] In some embodiments, a material of the light shielding layer includes an ink.

[0009] In some embodiments, the pressure sensor includes: a first electrode, a dielectric layer, and a second electrode disposed in sequence along a direction away from the substrate with respect to the backing film.

[0010] In some embodiments, the second electrode is a ground electrode and is shared with a middle frame of the flexible display screen.

[0011] In some embodiments, a material of the dielectric layer includes a foam.

[0012] In some embodiments, the flexible display screen further includes a heat dissipation layer between the dielectric layer and the second electrode.

[0013] In some embodiments, a material of the heat dissipation layer includes copper and graphite.

[0014] In some embodiments, a material of the backing film is one of polyimide, polyethylene terephthalate, and cellulose triacetate.

[0015] In some embodiments, the flexible display screen further includes a plurality of pixel units located on the substrate, each of the pixel units including an organic electroluminescent diode.

[0016] In some embodiments, the flexible display screen further includes a touch control unit located on a side of the pixel units facing away from the substrate and configured to detect touch control in various directions to implement a 3D touch control function.

[0017] In some embodiments, the touch control unit includes a driving electrode and a sensing electrode.

[0018] In some embodiments, the foam is one of ethylene propylene diene monomer and polyurethane.

[0019] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a display device including the above flexible display screen.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0020] 

Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view showing a flexible display screen according to an exemplary embodiment of the disclosure;

Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view showing a flexible display screen provided with a heat dissipation layer according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view showing a flexible display screen provided with a light shielding layer according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 4 is another schematic structural view showing a flexible display screen provided with a light shielding layer according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure; and

Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view showing a flexible display screen provided with pixel units and a touch control unit according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0021] To improve understanding of the technical solution of the present disclosure for those skilled in the art, the present disclosure will now be described in detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0022] According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a flexible display screen. As shown in Fig. 1, the flexible display screen includes a substrate 10, a backing film 1, and a pressure sensor 2. The backing film 1 is stacked on a side of the substrate 10 facing away from a light-emitting surface of the flexible display screen. The pressure sensor 2 is stacked on a side of the backing film 1 facing away from the substrate 10 and configured to output a signal related to a force applied on the flexible display screen.

[0023] Since the pressure sensor 2 in the flexible display screen of this exemplary embodiment is disposed on the backing film 1, it is not necessary to select a separate substrate (for example, a glass substrate in the related art) to form the pressure sensor 2, thereby making the formed flexible display with the pressure sensor 2 light and thin while reducing process costs.

[0024] In an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, the pressure sensor 2 is a capacitive pressure sensor which, as shown in Fig. 1, includes a first electrode 21, a dielectric layer 23, and a second electrode 22 disposed in sequence along a direction away from the substrate 10 with respect to the backing film 1. The second electrode 22 is a ground electrode having a monolithic-layer structure and is shared with the middle frame 7 of the flexible display screen (only a portion of a left side thereof is schematically shown in Fig. 1) so that the flexible display screen may be lighter and thinner. Each layer structure of the pressure sensor 2 (i.e., the first electrode 21, the dielectric layer 23, and the second electrode 22) may be completed by a printing process which is simple in process and high in yield. It should be noted that the pressure sensor 2 may be formed simply and conveniently by binding between the first electrode 21 and the dielectric layer 23 and between the dielectric layer 23 and the second electrode 22 with a double-sided tape.

[0025] In an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, a material of the dielectric layer 23 in the pressure sensor 2 is a foam, wherein the foam material may be an insulating material such as EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer), PU (polyurethane) or the like. Due to good elasticity, the foam is deformed when the pressure sensor 2 is pressed so that a distance between the first electrode 21 and the second electrode 22 may be changed. According to the capacitance formula: C=εS/d, a capacitance change of the pressure sensor 2 may be thus obtained. It should be noted that, under normal circumstances, the capacitance formula is C=εS/4πkd, but if a spacing d between two parallel electrode plates is much smaller than widths and lengths of the electrode plates, the capacitance formula is approximately C=εS/d, where ε is a dielectric constant of a dielectric between the electrode plates, S is an area of the electrode plates, and d is a distance between the electrode plates.

[0026] In an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in Fig. 2, the flexible display screen further includes a heat dissipation layer 3 between the dielectric layer 23 and the second electrode 22 for releasing heat produced by the flexible display screen. For example, when the flexible display screen is a mobile phone, the heat dissipation layer 3 in this case is mainly used for releasing heat generated by a battery of the mobile phone. A material of the heat dissipation layer 3 may include copper and graphite. Apparently, it is not limited to these two materials, and other materials having a heat release function may be used.

[0027] In an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, in order to prevent the pressure sensor 2 from being seen when the flexible display screen displays, as shown in Fig. 3, a light shielding layer 4 is disposed between the backing film 1 and the pressure sensor 2, or, as shown in Fig. 4, a light shielding layer 4 is provided between the substrate 10 and the backing film 1. A material of the light shielding layer 4 may be an ink, and apparently other opaque materials such as a black resin material may be used.

[0028] In an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, a material of the backing film includes: a polymer film material of any one of PI (polyimide), PET (polyethylene terephthalate), and TAC (cellulose triacetate). Apparently, it is not limited to the above materials, and other flexible materials may be used.

[0029] In an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, the flexible display screen may be an organic electroluminescent diode display screen. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 5, the flexible display screen further includes: a plurality of pixel units 5 located on the substrate 10, each of the pixel units 5 including an organic electroluminescent diode 51.

[0030] In an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in Fig. 5, a touch control unit 6 is further disposed on a light-emitting surface side of the pixel units 5 for implementing touch control. Generally, the touch control unit 6 includes a driving electrode and a sensing electrode. In this case, the flexible display screen in the exemplary embodiment may realize detections of touch control in three directions, X, Y, and Z, and implement the 3D touch control function. The entire module having the above configuration is relatively thinner and lighter, which is advantageous for bending of the flexible display screen.

[0031] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a display device including the above flexible display screen, the detailed configuration of the flexible display screen is not repeated herein.

[0032] In an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, the display device may include: an OLED panel, a mobile phone, a tablet PC, a television, a monitor, a notebook computer, a digital album, a navigator or any other product or component having a display function.

[0033] It should be understood that the above embodiments are merely exemplary embodiments for the purpose of illustrating the principle of the disclosure, and the disclosure is not limited thereto. Various modifications and improvements can be made by a person having ordinary skill in the art without departing from the spirit and essence of the disclosure. Accordingly, all of the modifications and improvements also fall into the protection scope of the disclosure.


Claims

1. A flexible display screen, comprising:

a substrate;

a backing film stacked on a side of the substrate facing away from a light-emitting surface of the flexible display screen; and

a pressure sensor stacked on a side of the backing film facing away from the substrate and configured to output a signal related to a force applied on the flexible display screen.


 
2. The flexible display screen according to claim 1, further comprising a light shielding layer between the backing film and the pressure sensor.
 
3. The flexible display screen according to claim 1, further comprising a light shielding layer between the substrate and the backing film.
 
4. The flexible display screen according to claim 2 or 3, wherein a material of the light shielding layer includes an ink.
 
5. The flexible display screen according to claim 1, wherein the pressure sensor includes: a first electrode, a dielectric layer, and a second electrode disposed in sequence along a direction away from the substrate with respect to the backing film.
 
6. The flexible display screen according to claim 5, wherein the second electrode is a ground electrode and is shared with a middle frame of the flexible display screen.
 
7. The flexible display screen according to claim 5, wherein a material of the dielectric layer includes a foam.
 
8. The flexible display screen according to claim 5, further comprising a heat dissipation layer between the dielectric layer and the second electrode.
 
9. The flexible display screen according to claim 8, wherein a material of the heat dissipation layer includes copper and graphite.
 
10. The flexible display screen according to claim 1, wherein a material of the backing film is one of polyimide, polyethylene terephthalate, and cellulose triacetate.
 
11. The flexible display screen according to claim 1, further comprising a plurality of pixel units located on the substrate, each of the pixel units including an organic electroluminescent diode.
 
12. The flexible display screen according to claim 11, further comprising a touch control unit located on a side of the pixel units facing away from the substrate and configured to detect touch control in various directions to implement a 3D touch control function.
 
13. The flexible display screen according to claim 12, wherein the touch control unit includes a driving electrode and a sensing electrode.
 
14. The flexible display screen according to claim 7, wherein the foam is one of ethylene propylene diene monomer and polyurethane.
 
15. A display device comprising the flexible display screen according to any one of claims 1 to 14.
 




Drawing










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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description