(19)
(11)EP 3 706 185 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 20156263.4

(22)Date of filing:  07.02.2020
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 51/54(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 15.02.2019 KR 20190017966

(71)Applicant: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
Gyeonggi-Do (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • KO, Heejoo
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Shearman, James Ward 
Marks & Clerk LLP 15 Fetter Lane
London EC4A 1BW
London EC4A 1BW (GB)

  


(54)ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME


(57) An organic light-emitting device and an electronic apparatus incorporating the same are disclosed herein. The organic light-emitting device includes an anode, a cathode, and an organic layer between the anode and the cathode and comprising an emission region. The emission region includes a first emission layer, a second emission layer, and a first exciton quenching layer. The first emission layer comprises a first host and a first dopant, the second emission layer comprises a second host and a second dopant, and the first exciton quenching layer is disposed between the first emission layer and the second emission layer and comprises a first quenching material.




Description

BACKGROUND


FIELD



[0001] One or more embodiments relate to an organic light-emitting device and an electronic apparatus including the same.

DISCUSSION OF THE BACKGROUND



[0002] Organic light-emitting devices are self-emission devices that produce full-color images. Compared to devices in the art, they have wide viewing angles, high contrast ratios, short response times, and excellent characteristics in terms of brightness, driving voltage, and response speed.

[0003] The organic light-emitting device may include a first electrode disposed on a substrate, and a hole transport region, an emission layer, an electron transport region, and a second electrode, which are sequentially disposed on the first electrode. Holes provided from the first electrode may move toward the emission layer through the hole transport region, and electrons provided from the second electrode may move toward the emission layer through the electron transport region. Carriers, such as holes and electrons, recombine in the emission layer to produce excitons.

[0004] According to electron spin statistics, singlet excitons and triplet excitons are formed at a ratio of 1:3. In these excitons, a transition occurs between the singlet excitons and the triplet excitons due to Inter-system crossing (ISC) or triplet-triplet fusion (TTF). In the case of a device using a fluorescence emitting body, light is formed while singlet excitons transit from an excited state to a ground state, and in the case of a device using a phosphorescence emitting body, light is formed while triplet excitons transit from an excited state to a ground state.

[0005] The above information disclosed in this Background section is only for understanding of the background of the inventive concepts, and, therefore, it may contain information that does not constitute prior art.

SUMMARY



[0006] Devices constructed according to implementations of the invention include an organic light-emitting device and an electronic apparatus including the same.

[0007] Additional features of the inventive concepts will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be apparent from the description, or may be learned by practice of the inventive concepts.

[0008] An embodiment of the inventive concepts includes an organic light-emitting device having: an anode; a cathode; an organic layer between the anode and the cathode and including an emission region. The emission region includes a first emission layer, a second emission layer, and a first exciton quenching layer. The first emission layer includes a first host and a first dopant, the second emission layer includes a second host and a second dopant, and the first exciton quenching layer is provided between the first emission layer and the second emission layer and includes a first quenching material.

[0009] Another embodiment of the inventive concepts includes an electronic apparatus having: a thin-film transistor including a source electrode, a drain electrode, and an activation layer; and the organic light-emitting device. The anode or the cathode of the organic light-emitting device is electrically connected to one of the source electrode and the drain electrode of the thin-film transistor.

[0010] At least some of the above and other features of the invention are set out in the claims.

[0011] It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are explanatory and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING



[0012] The accompanying drawing, which is included to provide a further understanding of the invention and is incorporated in and constitutes a part of this specification, illustrates an embodiment of the invention, and together with the description serves to explain the inventive concepts.

[0013] The FIGURE (FIG. 1) is a schematic view of an organic light-emitting device according to an embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0014] In the following description, for the purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of various embodiments or implementations of the invention. As used herein "embodiments" and "implementations" are interchangeable words that are non-limiting examples of devices or methods employing one or more of the inventive concepts disclosed herein. It is apparent, however, that various embodiments may be practiced without these specific details or with one or more equivalent arrangements. In other instances, well-known structures and devices are shown in block diagram form in order to avoid unnecessarily obscuring various embodiments. Further, various embodiments may be different, but do not have to be exclusive. For example, specific shapes, configurations, and characteristics of an embodiment may be used or implemented in another embodiment without departing from the inventive concepts.

[0015] Unless otherwise specified, the illustrated embodiment is to be understood as providing features of varying detail of some ways in which the inventive concepts may be implemented in practice. Therefore, unless otherwise specified, the features, components, modules, layers, films, panels, regions, and/or aspects, etc. (hereinafter individually or collectively referred to as "elements"), of the various embodiments may be otherwise combined, separated, interchanged, and/or rearranged without departing from the inventive concepts.

[0016] In the accompanying drawing, the size and relative sizes of elements may be exaggerated for clarity and/or descriptive purposes. When an embodiment may be implemented differently, a specific process order may be performed differently from the described order. For example, two consecutively described processes may be performed substantially at the same time or performed in an order opposite to the described order. Also, like reference numerals denote like elements.

[0017] When an element, such as a layer, is referred to as being "on," "connected to," or "coupled to" another element or layer, it may be directly on, connected to, or coupled to the other element or layer or intervening elements or layers may be present. When, however, an element or layer is referred to as being "directly on," "directly connected to," or "directly coupled to" another element or layer, there are no intervening elements or layers present. To this end, the term "connected" may refer to physical, electrical, and/or fluid connection, with or without intervening elements. For the purposes of this disclosure, "at least one of X, Y, and Z" and "at least one selected from the group consisting of X, Y, and Z" may be construed as X only, Y only, Z only, or any combination of two or more of X, Y, and Z, such as, for instance, XYZ, XYY, YZ, and ZZ. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.

[0018] Although the terms "first," "second," etc. may be used herein to describe various types of elements, these elements should not be limited by these terms. These terms are used to distinguish one element from another element. Thus, a first element discussed below could be termed a second element without departing from the teachings of the disclosure.

[0019] Spatially relative terms, such as "beneath," "below," "under," "lower," "above," "upper," "over," "higher," "side" (e.g., as in "sidewall"), and the like, may be used herein for descriptive purposes, and, thereby, to describe one elements relationship to another element(s) as illustrated in the drawing. Spatially relative terms are intended to encompass different orientations of an apparatus in use, operation, and/or manufacture in addition to the orientation depicted in the drawing. For example, if the apparatus in the drawing is turned over, elements described as "below" or "beneath" other elements or features would then be oriented "above" the other elements or features. Thus, the term "below" can encompass both an orientation of above and below. Furthermore, the apparatus may be otherwise oriented (e.g., rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations), and, as such, the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.

[0020] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments and is not intended to be limiting. As used herein, the singular forms, "a," "an," and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Moreover, the terms "comprises," "comprising," "includes," and/or "including," when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof. It is also noted that, as used herein, the terms "substantially," "about," and other similar terms, are used as terms of approximation and not as terms of degree, and, as such, are utilized to account for inherent deviations in measured, calculated, and/or provided values that would be recognized by one of ordinary skill in the art.

[0021] Unless otherwise defined, all terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this disclosure is a part. Terms, such as those defined in commonly used dictionaries, should be interpreted as having a meaning that is consistent with their meaning in the context of the relevant art and should not be interpreted in an idealized or overly formal sense, unless expressly so defined herein.

[0022] The present disclosure will now be described more fully with reference to embodiments. The disclosure may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the concept of the disclosure to those skilled in the art. Advantages, features, and how to achieve them of the present invention will become apparent by reference to the embodiment that will be described later in detail, together with the accompanying drawing. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be limited to the embodiments.

[0023] The term "organic layer" as used herein refers to a single layer and/or a plurality of layers disposed between the anode and the cathode of the organic light-emitting device. A material included in the "organic layer" is not limited to an organic material.

[0024] The expression "(an organic layer) includes a compound represented by Formula N" (wherein N indicates a random integer) as used herein may include a case in which "(an organic layer) includes identical compounds represented by Formula N" and a case in which "(an organic layer) includes two or more different compounds represented by Formula N".

[0025] The term "lowest excitation triplet energy level" as used herein means a T1 energy level measured when a mixture of toluene and each Compound (1 mg of each Compound is dissolved in 3 mL of toluene) is added to a quartz cell, liquid nitrogen (77 K) is added thereto, a photoluminescence spectrum is measured by using a photoluminescence measurement instrument, and the peak observed only at a low temperature is analyzed by comparing the photoluminescence spectrum with a general room-temperature photoluminescence spectrum.

[0026] Hereinafter, embodiments of the inventive concepts will be described in detail with reference to the FIGURE (FIG. 1).

[0027] The FIGURE (FIG. 1) is a schematic view of an organic light-emitting device 10 according to an embodiment.

[0028] Referring to the FIGURE (FIG. 1), the organic light-emitting device 10 includes: an anode 110; a cathode 190; an organic layer 150 between the anode 110 and the cathode 190 and including an emission region, wherein the emission region includes a first emission layer 131, a second emission layer 132, and a first exciton quenching layer 133, the first emission layer 131 includes a first host and a first dopant, the second emission layer 132 includes a second host and a second dopant, and the first exciton quenching layer 133 is disposed between the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 and includes a first quenching material.

[0029] Since the organic light-emitting device 10 includes the first exciton quenching layer 133 including the first quenching material in the emission region, the triplet concentrations in the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 may be appropriately adjusted. The triplets existing in the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 do not participate in light emission, and the triplets may react with each other to disappear or may deteriorate the host and the dopant through various mechanisms such as reaction with charges or charged organic molecules. Therefore, since the organic light-emitting device includes the first exciton quenching layer 133, some of the triplets existing in the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 may be quenched and maintained at an appropriate concentration, thereby improving the luminescent efficiency and the lifespan of the organic light-emitting device.

[0030] In addition, since the first exciton quenching layer 133 is present as a layer separate from the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 in the emission region, a region in which excitons recombine ("exciton recombination region") may be separated from a region in which excitons are quenched. Therefore, due to the inclusion of the first exciton quenching layer 133, the reduction in the luminescent efficiency of the organic light-emitting device may be prevented, and the lifespan of the organic light-emitting device may be improved.

[0031] The anode 110 may be formed by depositing or sputtering a material for forming the anode 110 on a substrate (not shown). The material for forming the anode 110 may be selected from materials with a high work function to facilitate hole injection.

[0032] The anode 110 may be a reflective electrode, a semi-transmissive electrode, or a transmissive electrode. When the anode 110 is a transmissive electrode, a material for forming the anode 110 may be selected from indium tin oxide (ITO), indium zinc oxide (IZO), tin oxide (SnO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), and any combinations thereof, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto. In one or more embodiments, when the anode 110 is a semi-transmissive electrode or a reflective electrode, a material for forming the anode 110 may be selected from magnesium (Mg), silver (Ag), aluminium (Al), aluminium-lithium (Al-Li), calcium (Ca), magnesium-indium (Mg-In), magnesium-silver (Mg-Ag), and any combinations thereof, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0033] The anode 110 may have a single-layered structure, or a multi-layered structure including two or more layers. For example, the anode 110 may have a three-layered structure of ITO/Ag/ITO, but the structure of the anode 110 is not limited thereto.

[0034] The organic layer 150 may be disposed on the anode 110. As described above, the organic layer 150 includes an emission region, and the emission region includes a first emission layer 131, a second emission layer 132, and a first exciton quenching layer 133. The organic layer 150 may further include a hole transport region between the anode 110 and a first emission layer 131 and an electron transport region between a second emission layer 132 and the cathode 190.

[0035] The hole transport region may have i) a single-layered structure including a single layer including a single material, ii) a single-layered structure including a single layer including a plurality of different materials, or iii) a multi-layered structure having a plurality of layers including a plurality of different materials.

[0036] The hole transport region may include at least one layer selected from a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, an emission auxiliary layer, and an electron blocking layer.

[0037] For example, the hole transport region may have a single-layered structure including a single layer including a plurality of different materials, or a multi-layered structure having a hole injection layer/hole transport layer structure, a hole injection layer/hole transport layer/emission auxiliary layer structure, a hole injection layer/emission auxiliary layer structure, a hole transport layer/emission auxiliary layer structure, or a hole injection layer/hole transport layer/electron blocking layer structure, wherein for each structure, constituting layers are sequentially stacked from the anode 110 in this stated order, but the structure of the hole transport region is not limited thereto.

[0038] The hole transport region may include at least one selected from m-MTDATA, TDATA, 2-TNATA, NPB(NPD), β-NPB, TPD, Spiro-TPD, Spiro-NPB, methylated-NPB, TAPC, HMTPD, 4,4',4"-tris(N-carbazolyl)triphenylamine (TCTA), polyaniline/dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (PANI/DBSA), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS), polyaniline/camphor sulfonic acid (PANI/CSA), polyaniline/poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PANI/PSS), CzSi, a compound represented by Formula 201, and a compound represented by Formula 202:

















[0039] In Formulae 201 and 202,
L201 to L204 may each independently be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C32) arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
L205 may be selected from *-O-*', *-S-*', *-N(Q201)-*', a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 alkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C32) arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
xa1 to xa4 may each independently be an integer from 0 to 3,
xa5 may be an integer from 1 to 10, and
R201 to R204 and Q201 may each independently be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C32) aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C32) aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C32) arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

[0040] For example, in Formula 202, R201 and R202 may optionally be linked via a single bond, a dimethyl-methylene group, or a diphenyl-methylene group, and R203 and R204 may optionally be linked via a single bond, a dimethyl-methylene group, or a diphenyl-methylene group.

[0041] In one embodiment, in Formulae 201 and 202,
L201 to L205 may each independently be selected from:

a phenylene group, a pentalenylene group, an indenylene group, a naphthylene group, an azulenylene group, a heptalenylene group, an indacenylene group, an acenaphthenylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-bifluorenylene group, a benzofluorenylene group, a dibenzofluorenylene group, a phenalenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a naphthacenylene group, a picenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pentacenylene group, a rubicenylene group, a coronenylene group, an ovalenylene group, a thiophenylene group, a furanylene group, a carbazolylene group, an indolylene group, an isoindolylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, a dibenzothiophenylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzosilolylene group, and a pyridinylene group; and

a phenylene group, a pentalenylene group, an indenylene group, a naphthylene group, an azulenylene group, a heptalenylene group, an indacenylene group, an acenaphthenylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-bifluorenylene group, a benzofluorenylene group, a dibenzofluorenylene group, a phenalenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a naphthacenylene group, a picenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pentacenylene group, a rubicenylene group, a coronenylene group, an ovalenylene group, a thiophenylene group, a furanylene group, a carbazolylene group, an indolylene group, an isoindolylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, a dibenzothiophenylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzosilolylene group, and a pyridinylene group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a phenyl group substituted with a C1-C10 alkyl group, a phenyl group substituted with -F, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthenyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, -Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), and -N(Q31)(Q32), and

Q31 to Q33 may each independently be selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, and a naphthyl group.



[0042] In one or more embodiments, xa1 to xa4 may each independently be 0, 1, or 2.

[0043] In one or more embodiments, xa5 may be 1, 2, 3, or 4.

[0044] In one or more embodiments, R201 to R204 and Q201 may each independently be selected from:

a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthenyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group; and

a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthenyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a phenyl group substituted with a C1-C10 alkyl group, a phenyl group substituted with -F, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthenyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, -Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), and -N(Q31)(Q32), and

Q31 to Q33 are the same as described above.



[0045] In one or more embodiments, at least one selected from R201 to R203 in Formula 201 may each independently be selected from:

a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group; and

a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a phenyl group substituted with a C1-C10 alkyl group, a phenyl group substituted with -F, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group,

but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.



[0046] In one or more embodiments, in Formula 202, i) R201 and R202 may be linked via a single bond, and/or ii) R203 and R204 may be linked via a single bond.

[0047] In one or more embodiments, in Formula 202, at least one selected from R201 to R204 may be selected from:

a carbazolyl group; and

a carbazolyl group substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl,-Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a phenyl group substituted with a C1-C10 alkyl group, a phenyl group substituted with -F, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group,

but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.



[0048] The compound represented by Formula 201 may be represented by Formula 201A:





[0049] For example, the compound represented by Formula 201 may be represented by Formula 201A(1), but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:



[0050] In one embodiment, the compound represented by Formula 201 may be represented by Formula 201A-1, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:





[0051] In one embodiment, the compound represented by Formula 202 may be represented by Formula 202A:



[0052] In one embodiment, the compound represented by Formula 202 may be represented by Formula 202A-1:



[0053] In Formulae 201A, 201A(1), 201A-1, 202A, and 202A-1,
L201 to L203, xa1 to xa3, xa5, and R202 to R204 are the same as described above,
R211 and R212 may each independently be the same as defined in connection with R203, and
R213 to R217 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F,-Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a phenyl group substituted with a C1-C10 alkyl group, a phenyl group substituted with -F, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthenyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group.

[0054] The hole transport region may include at least one compound selected from Compounds HT1 to HT39, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:



























[0055] A thickness of the hole transport region may be in a range of about 100 Å to about 10,000 Å, for example, about 100 A to about 7000 Å, about 100 Å to about 5000 Å, about 100 Å to about 3000 Å, or about 100 Å to about 1,000 Å. When the hole transport region includes at least one selected from a hole injection layer and a hole transport layer, the thickness of the hole injection layer may be in a range of about 100 Å to about 9,000 Å, and for example, about 100 Å to about 7,000 Å, about 100 Å to about 5,000 Å, about 100 Å to about 3,000 Å, about 100 Å to about 2,000 Å, about 100 Å to about 1,000 Å or about 100 Å to about 200 Å, and the thickness of the hole transport layer may be in a range of about 50 Å to about 2,000 Å, and for example, about 100 Å to about 1500 Å about 100 Å to about 1,000 Å, about 200 Å to about 800 Å, about 500 Å to about 800 Å, or about 600 Å to about 800 Å. When the thicknesses of the hole transport region, the hole injection layer, and the hole transport layer are within these ranges, satisfactory hole transporting characteristics may be obtained without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0056] The hole transport region may further include, in addition to these materials, a charge-generation material for the improvement of conductive properties. The charge-generation material may be homogeneously or non-homogeneously dispersed in the hole transport region.

[0057] The charge-generation material may be, for example, a p-dopant.

[0058] In one embodiment, the p-dopant may have a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level of -3.5 eV or less.

[0059] The p-dopant may include at least one selected from a quinone derivative, a metal oxide, and a cyano group-containing compound, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0060] For example, the p-dopant may include at least one selected from:

a quinone derivative, such as tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) or 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ);

a metal oxide, such as tungsten oxide or molybdenum oxide;

1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile (HAT-CN); and

a compound represented by Formula 221,

but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:







[0061] In Formula 221,
R221 to R223 may each independently be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C32) aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, wherein at least one selected from R221 to R223 may have at least one substituent selected from a cyano group, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a C1-C20 alkyl group substituted with -F, a C1-C20 alkyl group substituted with -Cl, a C1-C20 alkyl group substituted with -Br, and a C1-C20 alkyl group substituted with -I.

[First emission layer 131, second emission layer 132, and first exciton quenching layer 133 in organic layer 150]



[0062] When the organic light-emitting device 10 is a full-color organic light-emitting device, the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 may each be patterned into a red emission layer, a green emission layer, or a blue emission layer, according to a subpixel. In one or more embodiments, the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 may each have a stacked structure of two or more layers selected from a red emission layer, a green emission layer, and a blue emission layer, in which the two or more layers contact each other or are separated from each other. In one or more embodiments, the emission layer may include two or more materials selected from a red light-emitting material, a green light-emitting material, and a blue light-emitting material, in which the two or more materials are mixed with each other in a single layer to emit white light.

[0063] The first emission layer 131 includes a first host and a first dopant, and the second emission layer 132 includes a second host and a second dopant.

[0064] An amount of the first dopant in the first emission layer 131 may be in a range of about 0.01 parts by weight to about 50 parts by weight, for example about 0.1 parts by weight to about 30 parts by weight, or about 5 parts by weight to about 10 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the first host, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto. In addition, an amount of the second dopant in the second emission layer 132 may be in a range of about 0.01 parts by weight to about 50 parts by weight, for example about 0.1 parts by weight to about 30 parts by weight, or about 5 parts by weight to about 10 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the second host, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0065] Thicknesses of the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 may each be in a range of about 5 nm to about 100 nm, for example, about 10 nm to about 60 nm, about 10 nm to about 20 nm or about 10 nm to about 15 nm. When the thicknesses of the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132 are within this range, excellent light-emission characteristics may be obtained without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0066] The first host and the second host may each independently include a compound represented by Formula 301.

         <Formula 301>     [Ar301]xb11-[(L301)xb1-R301]xb21



[0067] In Formula 301,
Ar301 may be a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C60 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heterocyclic group,
xb11 may be 1, 2, or 3,
L301 may be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
xb1 may be an integer from 0 to 5,
R301 may be selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q301)(Q302)(Q303), -N(Q301)(Q302), -B(Q301)(Q302), -C(=O)(Q301), -S(=O)2(Q301), and -P(=O)(Q301)(Q302),
xb21 may be an integer from 1 to 5, and
Q301 to Q303 may each independently be selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthenyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group.

[0068] For example, Ar301 may be a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C32 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C12 heterocyclic group, but embodiments are not limited thereto.

[0069] In one embodiment, Ar301 in Formula 301 may be selected from:

a naphthalene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, a benzofluorene group, a dibenzofluorene group, a phenalene group, a phenanthrene group, an anthracene group, a fluoranthene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a naphthacene group, a picene group, a perylene group, a pentaphene group, an indenoanthracene group, a dibenzofuran group, and a dibenzothiophene group; and

a naphthalene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, a benzofluorene group, a dibenzofluorene group, a phenalene group, a phenanthrene group, an anthracene group, a fluoranthene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a naphthacene group, a picene group, a perylene group, a pentaphene group, an indenoanthracene group, a dibenzofuran group, and a dibenzothiophene group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, -Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33),-N(Q31)(Q32), -B(Q31)(Q32), -C(=O)(Q31), -S(=O)2(Q31), and -P(=O)(Q31)(Q32), and

Q31 to Q33 may each independently be selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, and a naphthyl group, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.



[0070] In Formula 301, when xb11 is two or more, two or more Ar301(s) may be linked via a single bond.

[0071] In one embodiment, Ar301 in Formula 301 may be a carbazolyl group. For example, the compound represented by Formula 301 may be represented by any one of Formulae 301-1 to 301-3:









[0072] In Formulae 301-1 to 301-3,
A301 to A304 may each independently be selected from a benzene group, a naphthalene group, a phenanthrene group, a fluoranthene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a pyridine group, a pyrimidine group, an indene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, a benzofluorene group, a dibenzofluorene group, an indole group, a carbazole group, a benzocarbazole group, a dibenzocarbazole group, a furan group, a benzofuran group, a dibenzofuran group, a naphthofuran group, a benzonaphthofuran group, a dinaphthofuran group, a thiophene group, a benzothiophene group, a dibenzothiophene group, a naphthothiophene group, a benzonaphthothiophene group, and a dinaphthothiophene group,
X301 may be O, S, or N-[(L304)xb4-R304],
R311 to R314 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F,-Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, -SH, -S(Q301), -Si(Q301)(Q302)(Q303), -N(Q301)(Q302), -B(Q301)(Q302), -C(=O)(Q301), -S(=O)2(Q301), and -P(=O)(Q301)(Q302),
xb21 to xb24 may each independently be 0, 1, or 2,
L301 to L305 may each independently be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
xb1 to xb4 may each independently be an integer from 0 to 5,
xb5 may be an integer from 1 to 5,
R301 to R305 may each independently be selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q301)(Q302)(Q303), -N(Q301)(Q302), -B(Q301)(Q302), -C(=O)(Q301), -S(=O)2(Q301), and-P(=O)(Q301)(Q302), and
Q301 to Q303 may each independently be selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthenyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group.In one embodiment, Ar301 in Formula 301 may be a fluorene or a spiro-bifluorene. For example, the compound represented by Formula 301 may be represented by Formula 301-4 or 301-5:





[0073] In Formulae 301-4 and 301-5,
Y301 and Y302 may each independently be selected from a single bond, O, S, N-[(L305)xb5-R305], or S(=O)2, and xb5 may be an integer from 1 to 5,
A301 to A304, R311 to R314, xb21 to xb24, L301 to L304, xb1 to xb4, and R301 to R304 may each independently be the same as described herein,
L305 may be the same as defined in connection with L301 to L304, and
R305 may be the same as defined in connection with R301 to R304.

[0074] In one embodiment, R301 in Formula 301 may be amine, for example,-N(Q301)(Q302). For example, the compound represented by Formula 301 may be represented by Formula 301-6:



[0075] In Formula 301-6,
Ar301, xb11, L302, xb2, R302, xb22, Q301, and Q302 may each independently be the same as described herein.

[0076] In one embodiment, Ar301 in Formula 301 may be a pyridine, a pyrimidine, or a triazine. For example, the compound represented by Formula 301 may be represented by Formula 301-7:



[0077] In Formula 301-7,
X302 may be N or C(R311), X303 may be N or C(R312), X304 may be N or C(R313), and at least one selected from X302 to X304 may be N,
R311 to R313 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, - Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 (e.g. C1-C10) alkyl group, a C1-C20 (e.g. C1-C10) alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, -SH, -S(Q301), -Si(Q301)(Q302)(Q303), -N(Q301)(Q302), -B(Q301)(Q302),-C(=O)(Q301), -S(=O)2(Q301), and -P(=O)(Q301)(Q302),
two or more neighboring substituents selected from R301 to R303 and R311 to R313 may optionally be linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C60 (e.g. C5-C30) carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heterocyclic group, and
L301 to L303, xb1 to xb3, and R301 to R303 may each independently be the same as described herein.

[0078] In one embodiment, Ar301 in Formula 301 may be a phenanthroline. For example, the compound represented by Formula 301 may be represented by Formula 301-8:



[0079] In Formula 301-8,
R311 to R313, xb21 to xb23, L301 to L303, xb1 to xb3, and R301 to R303 may each independently be the same as described herein.

[0080] In one embodiment, Ar301 in Formula 301 may be a diazole or a triazole. For example, the compound represented by Formula 301 may be represented by Formula 301-9:





[0081] In Formula 301-9,
X305 may be N or C(R311), X306 may be N or C(R312), X307 may be N or C(R313), and X308 may be N or C(R314), wherein at least one selected from X305 to X308 may be N,
R311 to R314 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F,-Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 (e.g. C1-C10) alkyl group, a C1-C20 (e.g. C1-C10) alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, -SH, -S(Q301), -Si(Q301)(Q302)(Q303), -N(Q301)(Q302), -B(Q301)(Q302),-C(=O)(Q301), -S(=O)2(Q301), and -P(=O)(Q301)(Q302); or
two or more neighboring substituents selected from R311 to R314 may optionally be linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C60 (e.g. C5-C30) carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heterocyclic group, and
L301, xb1, and R301 are the same as described above.

[0082] For example, L301 to L305 may each independently be selected from: a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, but embodiments are not limited thereto.

[0083] For example, L301 to L305 may each independently be selected from:

a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-bifluorenylene group, a benzofluorenylene group, a dibenzofluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pentacenylene group, a thiophenylene group, a furanylene group, a carbazolylene group, an indolylene group, an isoindolylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, a dibenzothiophenylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzosilolylene group, a pyridinylene group, an imidazolylene group, a pyrazolylene group, a thiazolylene group, an isothiazolylene group, an oxazolylene group, an isoxazolylene group, a thiadiazolylene group, an oxadiazolylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, a triazinylene group, a quinolinylene group, an isoquinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a phthalazinylene group, a naphthyridinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a phenanthridinylene group, an acridinylene group, a phenanthrolinylene group, a phenazinylene group, a benzimidazolylene group, an isobenzothiazolylene group, a benzoxazolylene group, an isobenzoxazolylene group, a triazolylene group, a tetrazolylene group, an imidazopyridinylene group, an imidazopyrimidinylene group, and an azacarbazolylene group; and

a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-bifluorenylene group, a benzofluorenylene group, a dibenzofluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pentacenylene group, a thiophenylene group, a furanylene group, a carbazolylene group, an indolylene group, an isoindolylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, a dibenzothiophenylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzosilolylene group, a pyridinylene group, an imidazolylene group, a pyrazolylene group, a thiazolylene group, an isothiazolylene group, an oxazolylene group, an isoxazolylene group, a thiadiazolylene group, an oxadiazolylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, a triazinylene group, a quinolinylene group, an isoquinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a phthalazinylene group, a naphthyridinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a phenanthridinylene group, an acridinylene group, a phenanthrolinylene group, a phenazinylene group, a benzimidazolylene group, an isobenzothiazolylene group, a benzoxazolylene group, an isobenzoxazolylene group, a triazolylene group, a tetrazolylene group, an imidazopyridinylene group, an imidazopyrimidinylene group, and an azacarbazolylene group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a thiadiazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group, -Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), -N(Q31)(Q32), -B(Q31)(Q32), -C(=O)(Q31), -S(=O)2(Q31), and-P(=O)(Q31)(Q32), and

Q31 to Q33 are the same as described above.



[0084] For example, R301 to R305 may each independently be selected from: deuterium,-F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 (e.g. C1-C10) alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 (e.g. C2-C10) alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 (e.g. C2-C10) alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 (e.g. C1-C10) alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q301)(Q302)(Q303), -N(Q301)(Q302),-B(Q301)(Q302), -C(=O)(Q301), -S(=O)2(Q301), and -P(=O)(Q301)(Q302), but embodiments are not limited thereto.

[0085] In one embodiment, R301 to R305 may each independently be selected from:

a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a thiadiazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, and an azacarbazolyl group; and

a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a thiadiazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, and an azacarbazolyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium,-F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a thiadiazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an azacarbazolyl group,-Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), -N(Q31)(Q32), -B(Q31)(Q32), -C(=O)(Q31), -S(=O)2(Q31), and -P(=O)(Q31)(Q32), and

Q31 to Q33 are the same as described above.



[0086] For example, the first host and the second host may each independently include at least one selected from Compounds H101 to H119:



















[0087] In one embodiment, the first host and the second host may each independently include at least one selected from a hole transport host including no electron transport moiety and an electron transport host including at least one electron transport moiety.

[0088] For example, the first host may include at least one selected from a first hole transport host including no electron transport moiety and a first electron transport host including at least one electron transport moiety, and the second host may include at least one selected from a second hole transport host including no electron transport moiety and a second electron transport host including at least one electron transport moiety.

[0089] In one embodiment, the first host may include a first hole transport host including no electron transport moiety and a first electron transport host including at least one electron transport moiety, and the second host may include a second hole transport host including no electron transport moiety and a second electron transport host including at least one electron transport moiety.

[0090] The term "electron transport moiety" as used herein may include a cyano group, a phosphine oxide group, a sulfone oxide group, a sulfonate group, and/or a π electron-depleted nitrogen-containing cyclic group.

[0091] The term "π electron-depleted nitrogen-containing cyclic group" as used herein indicates a cyclic group having at least one *-N=*' moiety, and examples thereof include a pyridine group, a pyrimidine group, a triazine group, and the like.

[0092] For example, the first hole transport host and the second hole transport host may each independently be a compound represented by one selected from Formulae 301-1 to 301-6.

[0093] In one or more embodiments, the first electron transport host and the second electron transport host may each independently be a compound represented by one selected from Formulae 301-7 to 301-9.

[0094] In one or more embodiments, the first host and the second host may each independently include an alkaline earth-metal complex. For example, the first host and the second host may include a complex selected from a Be complex (for example, Compound H55), a Mg complex, and a Zn complex. For example, the first host and the second host may each be independently be selected from a Be complex (for example, Compound H55), a Mg complex, and a Zn complex.

[0095] In one or more embodiments, the first electron transport host and the second electron transport host may each independently include at least one selected from 9,10-di(2-naphthyl)anthracene (ADN), 2-methyl-9,10-bis(naphthalen-2-yl)anthracene (MADN), 9,10-di-(2-naphthyl)-2-t-butyl-anthracene (TBADN), 4,4'-bis(N-carbazolyl)-1,1'-biphenyl (CBP), 1,3-di-9-carbazolylbenzene (mCP), 1,3,5-tri(carbazol-9-yl)benzene (TCP), and Compounds H1 to H55, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:































[0096] In one embodiment, the first host and the second host may be the same material.

[First dopant and second dopant]



[0097] In one embodiment, the first dopant and the second dopant may each independently include a phosphorescent dopant or a delayed fluorescence dopant. For example, the first dopant and the second dopant may each independently be a phosphorescent dopant or a delayed fluorescence dopant.

[0098] The phosphorescent dopant may include an organometallic complex represented by Formula 401:

         <Formula 401>     M(L401)xc1(L402)xc2







[0099] In Formulae 401 and 402,
M may be selected from iridium (Ir), platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), titanium (Ti), zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf), europium (Eu), terbium (Tb), rhodium (Rh), and thulium (Tm),
L401 may be selected from ligands represented by Formula 402, and xc1 may be 1, 2, or 3, wherein, when xc1 is two or more, two or more L401(s) may be identical to or different from each other,
L402 may be an organic ligand, and xc2 may be an integer from 0 to 4, wherein, when xc2 is two or more, two or more L402(S) may be identical to or different from each other,
X401 to X404 may each independently be nitrogen or carbon,
X401 and X403 may be linked via a single bond or a double bond, and X402 and X404 may be linked via a single bond or a double bond,
A401 and A402 may each independently be selected from a C5-C60 (e.g. C5-C30) carbocyclic group and a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heterocyclic group,
X405 may be a single bond, *-O-*', *-S-*', *-C(=O)-*', *-N(Q411)-*', *-C(Q411)(Q412)-*', *-C(Q411)=C(Q412)-*', *-C(Q411)=*', or *=C=*', wherein Q411 and Q412 may be hydrogen, deuterium, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, or a naphthyl group,
X406 may be a single bond, O, or S,
R401 and R402 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F,-Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q401)(Q402)(Q403), -N(Q401)(Q402),-B(Q401)(Q402), -C(=O)(Q401), -S(=O)2(Q401), and -P(=O)(Q401)(Q402), wherein Q401 to Q403 may each independently be selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a C6-C20 aryl group, and a C1-C20 heteroaryl group,
xc11 and xc12 may each independently be an integer from 0 to 10, and
* and *' in Formula 402 each indicate a binding site to M in Formula 401.

[0100] In one embodiment, A401 and A402 in Formula 402 may each independently be selected from a benzene group, a naphthalene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, an indene group, a pyrrole group, a thiophene group, a furan group, an imidazole group, a pyrazole group, a thiazole group, an isothiazole group, an oxazole group, an isoxazole group, a pyridine group, a pyrazine group, a pyrimidine group, a pyridazine group, a quinoline group, an isoquinoline group, a benzoquinoline group, a quinoxaline group, a quinazoline group, a carbazole group, a benzimidazole group, a benzofuran group, a benzothiophene group, an isobenzothiophene group, a benzoxazole group, an isobenzoxazole group, a triazole group, a tetrazole group, an oxadiazole group, a triazine group, a dibenzofuran group, and a dibenzothiophene group.

[0101] In one or more embodiments, in Formula 402, i) X401 may be nitrogen, and X402 may be carbon, or ii) X401 and X402 may each be nitrogen at the same time.

[0102] In one or more embodiments, R401 and R402 in Formula 402 may each independently be selected from:

hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, and a C1-C20 alkoxy group;

a C1-C20 alkyl group and a C1-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, and a norbornenyl group;

a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group;

a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, an adamantanyl group, a norbornanyl group, a norbornenyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group; and

-Si(Q401)(Q402)(Q403), -N(Q401)(Q402), -B(Q401)(Q402), -C(=O)(Q401),-S(=O)2(Q401), and -P(=O)(Q401)(Q402), and

Q401 to Q403 may each independently be selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, and a naphthyl group, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.



[0103] In one or more embodiments, when xc1 in Formula 401 is two or more, two A401(s) in two or more L401(s) may optionally be linked via X407, which is a linking group, or two A402(s) in two or more L401(s) may optionally be linked via X408, which is a linking group (see Compounds PD1 to PD4 and PD7). X407 and X408 may each independently be a single bond, *-O-*', *-S-*', *-C(=O)-*', *-N(Q413)-*', *-C(Q413)(Q414)-*', or *-C(Q413)=C(Q414)-*' (wherein Q413 and Q414 may each independently be hydrogen, deuterium, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, or a naphthyl group), but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0104] L402 in Formula 401 may be a monovalent, divalent, or trivalent organic ligand. For example, L402 may be selected from halogen, diketone (for example, acetylacetonate), carboxylic acid (for example, picolinate), -C(=O), isonitrile, -CN, and phosphorus (for example, phosphine or phosphite, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0105] In one or more embodiments, the phosphorescent dopant may be selected from, for example, Compounds PD1 to PD25, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:











[0106] In one embodiment, the phosphorescent dopant may be used for blue light emission.

[0107] For example, the phosphorescent dopant may be selected from Compounds PD101 to PD126:

















[0108] In Compounds PD101 to PD126,
Me indicates a methyl group, Pri indicates an isopropyl group, and But indicates a t-butyl group.

[0109] The delayed fluorescence dopant may satisfy Equation 3:



[0110] In Equation 3,
T1(DF) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the delayed fluorescence dopant, and
S1(DF) is a lowest excitation singlet energy level of the delayed fluorescence dopant.

[0111] The delayed fluorescence dopant satisfying Equation 3 may emit thermally activated delayed fluorescence even at room temperature. For example, the delayed fluorescence dopant may satisfy |S1(DF) - T1(DF) | ≤ 0.3 eV, or I S1(DF) - T1(DF) | ≤ 0.2 eV, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0112] In addition, the delayed fluorescence dopant may not include a metal atom. That is, the delayed fluorescence dopant is clearly different from a phosphorescent dopant including a metal atom. In one or more embodiments, the delayed fluorescence dopant may not include iridium (Ir), platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), titanium (Ti), zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf), europium (Eu), terbium (Tb), rhodium (Rh), and thulium (Tm), and may distinguish from the phosphorescent dopant.

[0113] In one embodiment, the first host and the first dopant may satisfy T1(H1) ≥ T1(D1), and the second host and the second dopant may satisfy T1(H2) ≥ T1(D2), but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto. When the first host, the first dopant, the second host, and the second dopant are within these ranges, excitons may be smoothly transferred from the first host to the first dopant, and excitons may be smoothly transferred from the second host to the second dopant.

[0114] For example, the delayed fluorescence dopant may have a D-type structure including an electron donating group (D) and an electron accepting group (A). Specifically, the delayed fluorescence dopant may be compounds disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Nos. 2011-140046, 2013-034967, 2015-530745, 2013-034967, 2014-512416, 2015-525248, 2013-524707, 2013-547225, 2012-274324, and 2015-504322, U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2012-0217869, International Publication Nos. 2015-118035, 2016-091887, and 2016-096851, Korean Patent Application Publication No. 2017-7005332, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2014-518737, U.S. Patent Application Publication Nos. 2016-0197286, 2014-0138627, 2014-0145149, 014-0158992, 2014-0145151, 2015-0021555, and 2014-0332758, Korean Patent Application Publication No. 2014-0154391, and Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Nos. 2015-148588, 2016-506442, 2015-531748, 2016-538300, 2016-538393, 2015-095814, 2012-538639, 2014-525803, 2012-546858, 2016-538300, and 2014-538540, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0115] In one embodiment, the delayed fluorescence dopant may have a D-A-D type or A-D-A type structure. Specifically, the delayed fluorescence dopant may be compounds disclosed in International Publication No. 2015-158692 and Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Nos. 2016-538435, 2016-538426, 2015-500308, and 2015-527231, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0116] In one embodiment, the delayed fluorescence dopant may be a transition metal complex. Specifically, the delayed fluorescence dopant may be a Cu complex or a Pt complex, and may be compounds disclosed in Korean Patent Application Publication Nos. 2012-7017497, 2013-7001396, 2014-0068027, and 2014-7003327, U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2011-0304262, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0117] In one embodiment, the delayed fluorescence dopant may be a compound having a B-N structure, and may be a compound disclosed in U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2014-0027734, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0118] In one embodiment, the delayed fluorescence dopant may be compounds disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Nos. 2015-508569 and 2014-554306, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0119] The electron donating group (D) may be, for example, a carbazole group, a dibenzothiophene group, a dibenzofuran group, an indolocarbazole group, or a bis-carbazole group, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0120] The electron accepting group (A) may be CN, F, an aryl group substituted with CN and/or F, or a π electron-depleted nitrogen-containing cyclic group, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0121] In one embodiment, the first host, the first dopant, the second host, the second dopant, and the first quenching material may satisfy Equations 1-1 to 1-4:









[0122] In Equations 1-1 to 1-4,

T1(Q1) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the first quenching material,

T1(H1) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the first host,

T1(D1) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the first dopant,

T1(H2) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the second host, and

T1(D2) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the second dopant.



[0123] In the organic light-emitting device satisfying Equations 1-1 and 1-3, some of the triplets generated in the first host of the first emission layer and the second host of the second emission layer may be transferred to the first exciton quenching layer. Therefore, the triplet concentrations in the first emission layer and the second emission layer may be appropriately adjusted. The triplets in the first emission layer and the second emission layer do not participate in light emission, and the triplets may react with each other to disappear or may deteriorate the host and the dopant through various mechanisms such as reaction with charges or charged organic molecules. Therefore, since the organic light-emitting device includes the first exciton quenching layer, some of the triplets existing in the first emission layer and the second emission layer may be quenched and maintained at an appropriate concentration, thereby improving the lifespan of the organic light-emitting device.

[0124] In the organic light-emitting device satisfying Equations 1-2 and 1-4, all the triplets generated in the first host of the first emission layer and the second host of the second emission layer are not transferred to the first exciton quenching layer, and may also be transferred to the first dopant of the first emission layer and the second dopant of the second emission layer. Therefore, the triplet concentrations in the first emission layer and the second emission layer may be maintained to such an extent that a desired luminescent efficiency is obtained.

[0125] The first exciton quenching layer 133 including the first quenching material may be disposed between the first emission layer 131 and the second emission layer 132.

[0126] In one embodiment, the first quenching material may have a lowest excitation triplet energy level T1(Q1) in a rang of about 1 eV to about 3.5 eV. For example, T1(Q1) may be in a range of about 1.7 eV to about 3.3 eV. When T1(Q1) of the first quenching material is within these ranges, the first quenching material may have a low lowest excitation triplet energy level, as compared with the phosphorescent dopants commonly used for the emission layer of the organic light-emitting device, and the concentration of triplets not participating in light emission in the emission layer may be lowered.

[0127] In one embodiment, the first quenching material may include at least one selected from a fluorescence emitting material and a phosphorescence emitting material.

[0128] In one embodiment, the fluorescence emitting material may be an organometallic low-molecular-weight host or an organic low-molecular-weight host used for light emission.

[0129] The organometallic low-molecular-weight host may be, for example, an alkaline earth metal complex such as a Be complex, a Mg complex, and a Zn complex.

[0130] The organic low-molecular-weight host may be, for example, a styryl-based compound, an oxadiazole-based compound, and a spiro-bifluorene-based compound.

[0131] In one embodiment, the fluorescence emitting material may be selected from Compounds MH1 to MH13 and LH1 to LH11:























[0132] In one embodiment, the fluorescence emitting material may be a fluorescence dopant.

[0133] The fluorescence emitting material may include at least one selected from, for example, a diamine-based compound, a styryl-based compound, a perylene-based compound, and a coumarin-based compound.

[0134] In one embodiment, the fluorescence emitting material may include a compound represented by Formula 501:



[0135] In Formula 501,
Ar501 may be a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C60 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heterocyclic group,
L501 to L503 may each independently be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
xd1 to xd3 may each independently be an integer from 0 to 3,
R501 and R502 may each independently be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, and
xd4 may be an integer from 1 to 6.

[0136] For example, Ar501 may be a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heterocyclic group, but embodiments are not limited thereto.

[0137] In one embodiment, Ar501 in Formula 501 may be selected from:

a naphthalene group, a heptalene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, a benzofluorene group, a dibenzofluorene group, a phenalene group, a phenanthrene group, an anthracene group, a fluoranthene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a naphthacene group, a picene group, a perylene group, a pentaphene group, an indenoanthracene group, and an indenophenanthrene group; and

a naphthalene group, a heptalene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, a benzofluorene group, a dibenzofluorene group, a phenalene group, a phenanthrene group, an anthracene group, a fluoranthene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a naphthacene group, a picene group, a perylene group, a pentaphene group, an indenoanthracene group, and an indenophenanthrene group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, and a naphthyl group.



[0138] In one or more embodiments, L501 to L503 in Formula 501 may each independently be selected from:

a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-bifluorenylene group, a benzofluorenylene group, a dibenzofluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pentacenylene group, a thiophenylene group, a furanylene group, a carbazolylene group, an indolylene group, an isoindolylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, a dibenzothiophenylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzosilolylene group, and a pyridinylene group; and

a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-bifluorenylene group, a benzofluorenylene group, a dibenzofluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pentacenylene group, a thiophenylene group, a furanylene group, a carbazolylene group, an indolylene group, an isoindolylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, a dibenzothiophenylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzosilolylene group, and a pyridinylene group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group.



[0139] In one or more embodiments, R501 and R502 in Formula 501 may each independently be selected from:

a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group; and

a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, and-Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), and

Q31 to Q33 may each independently be selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, and a naphthyl group.



[0140] In one or more embodiments, xd4 in Formula 501 may be 2 or more (e.g. 2), but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0141] For example, the fluorescence emitting material may be selected from Compounds FD1 to FD22:



















[0142] In one embodiment, the fluorescence emitting material may be selected from the following compounds, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:









[0143] In one embodiment, the first quenching material may include a phosphorescence emitting material. In one embodiment, the phosphorescence emitting material may be used for red or green light emission.

[0144] In one embodiment, the phosphorescence emitting material may be the compound represented by Formula 301.

[0145] For example, the phosphorescence emitting material may be selected from Compounds H101 to H119. In one embodiment, the phosphorescence emitting material may be the organometallic complex represented by Formula 401.

[0146] In one embodiment, the phosphorescence emitting material may be used for red or green light emission. For example, the phosphorescence emitting material may be tris(2-phenylpyridine)iridium(III) (Ir(ppy)3), tris(1-phenylisoquinoline)iridium(III) (Ir(piq)3), bis(2-benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl-pyridine) (acetylacetonate)iridium(III) (Ir(btp)2(acac)), tris(dibenzoylmethane)phenanthroline europium(III) (Eu(dbm)3(phen)), or tris[4,4'-di-tert-butyl-(2,2')-bipyridine]ruthenium(III) (Ru(dtb-bpy)3·2(PF6)).

[0147] In one embodiment, an amount of the first quenching material may be in a range of about 0.05 parts by weight to about 20 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the first exciton quenching layer. For example, an amount of the first quenching material may be in a range of about 0.1 parts by weight to about 10 parts by weight, for example, about 0.5 parts by weight to about 5 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the first exciton quenching layer.

[0148] In one embodiment, the first quenching material may be the fluorescence emitting material, and an amount of the first quenching material may be in a range of about 0.1 parts by weight to about 20 parts by weight, for example, about 0.5 parts by weight to about 5 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the first exciton quenching layer.

[0149] In one embodiment, the first quenching material may be the phosphorescence emitting material, and an amount of the first quenching material may be in a range of about 0.1 parts by weight to about 20 parts by weight, for example, about 0.5 parts by weight to about 2 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the first exciton quenching layer.

[0150] In one embodiment, a thickness of the first exciton quenching layer may be in a range of about 0.5 nm to about 50 nm. For example, the thickness of the first exciton quenching layer may be in a range of about 1 nm to about 20 nm or about 1 nm to about 10 nm.

[0151] In one embodiment, a thickness (DQ1) of the first exciton quenching layer and a thickness (DE1) of the first emission layer may satisfy DE1 ≥ DQ1, and
a thickness (DQ1) of the first exciton quenching layer and a thickness (DE2) of the second emission layer may satisfy DE2 ≥ DQ1.

[0152] In one embodiment, with respect to a length of 100 length% from an interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer to an interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the second emission layer,

[0153] about 50 parts by weight or more among 100 parts by weight of the first quenching material may be included in (i) a region (M0,20) in which a length from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer is in a range of about 0 length% to about 20 length% and (ii) a region (M80,100) in which a length from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer is in a range of about 80 length% to about 100 length%. For example, about 70 parts by weight or more, about 85 parts by weight or more, or about 90 parts by weight or more among 100 parts by weight of the first quenching material may be included in the regions M0,20 and M80,100.

[0154] That is, the concentration gradient may be formed such that the concentration of the first quenching material in the first exciton quenching layer becomes higher as getting closer to the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer and the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the second emission layer.

[0155] In one or more embodiments, with respect to a length of 100 length% from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer to the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the second emission layer,
about 70 parts by weight or more among 100 parts by weight of the first quenching material may be included in (i) a region (M0,50) in which a length from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer is in a range of about 0 length% to about 50 length% or (ii) a region (M50,100) in which a length from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer is in a range of about 50 length% to about 100 length%. For example, about 70 parts by weight or more, about 85 parts by weight or more, or about 90 parts by weight or more among 100 parts by weight of the first quenching material may be included in one of the regions M0,50 and M50,100.

[0156] That is, the concentration gradient may be formed such that the concentration of the first quenching material in the first exciton quenching layer becomes higher as getting closer to one of the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer and the interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the second emission layer, and the concentration of the first quenching material in the first exciton quenching layer becomes lower as getting closer to the other thereof.

[0157] The organic light-emitting device according to the embodiment may include a first exciton quenching layer between the first emission layer and the second emission layer. In one embodiment, the first exciton quenching layer may be in direct contact with the first emission layer and the second emission layer.

[0158] In one embodiment, the first exciton quenching layer may further include a third host. In one or more embodiments, the first exciton quenching layer may further include a third host and a third dopant.

[0159] The third host and the third dopant may be a material different from the first quenching material.

[0160] The third host may be understood by referring to the description provided with respect to the first host and the second host. In addition, the third dopant may be understood by referring to the description provided with respect to the first dopant and the second dopant.

[0161] In one embodiment, at least one of the first host and the second host may be the same as the third host.

[0162] The organic light-emitting device according to the embodiment includes an organic layer including an emission region, and the emission region includes a first emission layer, a second emission layer, and a first exciton quenching layer. The first emission layer includes a first host and a first dopant, and the second emission layer includes a second host and a second dopant.

[Electron transport region in organic layer]



[0163] The electron transport region may have i) a single-layered structure including a single layer including a single material, ii) a single-layered structure including a single layer including a plurality of different materials, or iii) a multi-layered structure having a plurality of layers including a plurality of different materials.

[0164] The electron transport region may include at least one layer selected from a buffer layer, an electron control layer, an electron transport layer, and an electron injection layer, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0165] For example, the electron transport region may have an electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure, an electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure, an electron control layer/electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure, a buffer layer/electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure, a hole blocking layer/electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure, a hole blocking layer/electron control layer/electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure, or a hole blocking layer/buffer layer/electron transport layer/electron injection layer structure, wherein for each structure, constituting layers are sequentially stacked from an emission layer. However, embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0166] The electron transport region (for example, a buffer layer, a hole blocking layer, an electron control layer, or an electron transport layer in the electron transport region) may include a metal-free compound containing at least one π electron-depleted nitrogen-containing ring.

[0167] The "π electron-depleted nitrogen-containing ring" indicates a C1-C60 (e.g. a C1-C30) heterocyclic group having at least one *-N=*' moiety as a ring-forming moiety.

[0168] For example, the "π electron-depleted nitrogen-containing ring" may be i) a 5-membered to 7-membered heteromonocyclic group having at least one *-N=*' moiety, ii) a heteropolycyclic group in which two or more 5-membered to 7-membered heteromonocyclic groups each having at least one *-N=*' moiety are condensed with each other, or iii) a heteropolycyclic group in which at least one of 5-membered to 7-membered heteromonocyclic groups, each having at least one *-N=*' moiety, is condensed with at least one C5-C60 (e.g. a C5-C30) carbocyclic group.

[0169] Examples of the π electron-depleted nitrogen-containing ring include an imidazole, a pyrazole, a thiazole, an isothiazole, an oxazole, an isoxazole, a pyridine, a pyrazine, a pyrimidine, a pyridazine, an indazole, a purine, a quinoline, an isoquinoline, a benzoquinoline, a phthalazine, a naphthyridine, a quinoxaline, a quinazoline, a cinnoline, a phenanthridine, an acridine, a phenanthroline, a phenazine, a benzimidazole, an isobenzothiazole, a benzoxazole, an isobenzoxazole, a triazole, a tetrazole, an oxadiazole, a triazine, a thiadiazole, an imidazopyridine, an imidazopyrimidine, and an azacarbazole, but are not limited thereto.

[0170] For example, the electron transport region may include a compound represented by Formula 601:

         <Formula 601>     [Ar601]xe11-[(L601)xe1-R.601]xe21



[0171] In Formula 601,
Ar601 may be a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C60 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heterocyclic group,
xe11 may be 1, 2, or 3,
L601 may be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
xe1 may be an integer from 0 to 5,
R601 may be selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q601)(Q602)(Q603), -C(=O)(Q601), -S(=O)2(Q601), and -P(=O)(Q601)(Q602),
Q601 to Q603 may each independently be a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, or a naphthyl group, and
xe21 may be an integer from 1 to 5.

[0172] In one embodiment, at least one of Ar601(s) in the number of xe11 and R601(s) in the number of xe21 may include the π electron-depleted nitrogen-containing ring.

[0173] For example, Ar601 may be a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heterocyclic group, but embodiments are not limited thereto.

[0174] In one embodiment, Ar601 in Formula 601 may be selected from:

a benzene group, a naphthalene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, a benzofluorene group, a dibenzofluorene group, a phenalene group, a phenanthrene group, an anthracene group, a fluoranthene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a naphthacene group, a picene group, a perylene group, a pentaphene group, an indenoanthracene group, a dibenzofuran group, a dibenzothiophene group, a carbazole group, an imidazole group, a pyrazole group, a thiazole group, an isothiazole group, an oxazole group, an isoxazole group, a pyridine group, a pyrazine group, a pyrimidine group, a pyridazine group, an indazole group, a purine group, a quinoline group, an isoquinoline group, a benzoquinoline group, a phthalazine group, a naphthyridine group, a quinoxaline group, a quinazoline group, a cinnoline group, a phenanthridine group, an acridine group, a phenanthroline group, a phenazine group, a benzimidazole group, an isobenzothiazole group, a benzoxazole group, an isobenzoxazole group, a triazole group, a tetrazole group, an oxadiazole group, a triazine group, a thiadiazole group, an imidazopyridine group, an imidazopyrimidine group, and an azacarbazole group; and

a benzene group, a naphthalene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, a benzofluorene group, a dibenzofluorene group, a phenalene group, a phenanthrene group, an anthracene group, a fluoranthene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a naphthacene group, a picene group, a perylene group, a pentaphene group, an indenoanthracene group, a dibenzofuran group, a dibenzothiophene group, a carbazole group, an imidazole group, a pyrazole group, a thiazole group, an isothiazole group, an oxazole group, an isoxazole group, a pyridine group, a pyrazine group, a pyrimidine group, a pyridazine group, an indazole group, a purine group, a quinoline group, an isoquinoline group, a benzoquinoline group, a phthalazine group, a naphthyridine group, a quinoxaline group, a quinazoline group, a cinnoline group, a phenanthridine group, an acridine group, a phenanthroline group, a phenazine group, a benzimidazole group, an isobenzothiazole group, a benzoxazole group, an isobenzoxazole group, a triazole group, a tetrazole group, an oxadiazole group, a triazine group, a thiadiazole group, an imidazopyridine group, an imidazopyrimidine group, and an azacarbazole group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, -Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), -S(=O)2(Q31), and -P(=O)(Q31)(Q32), and

Q31 to Q33 may each independently be selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, and a naphthyl group.



[0175] When xe11 in Formula 601 is two or more, two or more Ar601(s) may be linked via a single bond.

[0176] In one or more embodiments, Ar601 in Formula 601 may be an anthracene group.

[0177] In one or more embodiments, the compound represented by Formula 601 may be represented by Formula 601-1:



[0178] In Formula 601-1,
X614 may be N or C(R614), X615 may be N or C(R615), and X616 may be N or C(R616), wherein at least one selected from X614 to X616 may be N,
L611 to L613 may each independently be the same as defined in connection with L601,
xe611 to xe613 may each independently be the same as defined in connection with xe1,
R611 to R613 may each independently be the same as defined in connection with R601, and
R614 to R616 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, - Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, and a naphthyl group.

[0179] For example, L601 and L611 to L613 in Formulae 601 and 601-1 may each independently be selected from: a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, but embodiments are not limited thereto.

[0180] In one embodiment, L601 and L611 to L613 in Formulae 601 and 601-1 may each independently be selected from:

a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-bifluorenylene group, a benzofluorenylene group, a dibenzofluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pentacenylene group, a thiophenylene group, a furanylene group, a carbazolylene group, an indolylene group, an isoindolylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, a dibenzothiophenylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzosilolylene group, a pyridinylene group, an imidazolylene group, a pyrazolylene group, a thiazolylene group, an isothiazolylene group, an oxazolylene group, an isoxazolylene group, a thiadiazolylene group, an oxadiazolylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, a triazinylene group, a quinolinylene group, an isoquinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a phthalazinylene group, a naphthyridinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a phenanthridinylene group, an acridinylene group, a phenanthrolinylene group, a phenazinylene group, a benzimidazolylene group, an isobenzothiazolylene group, a benzoxazolylene group, an isobenzoxazolylene group, a triazolylene group, a tetrazolylene group, an imidazopyridinylene group, an imidazopyrimidinylene group, and an azacarbazolylene group; and

a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-bifluorenylene group, a benzofluorenylene group, a dibenzofluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pentacenylene group, a thiophenylene group, a furanylene group, a carbazolylene group, an indolylene group, an isoindolylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, a dibenzothiophenylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzocarbazolylene group, a dibenzosilolylene group, a pyridinylene group, an imidazolylene group, a pyrazolylene group, a thiazolylene group, an isothiazolylene group, an oxazolylene group, an isoxazolylene group, a thiadiazolylene group, an oxadiazolylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, a triazinylene group, a quinolinylene group, an isoquinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a phthalazinylene group, a naphthyridinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a phenanthridinylene group, an acridinylene group, a phenanthrolinylene group, a phenazinylene group, a benzimidazolylene group, an isobenzothiazolylene group, a benzoxazolylene group, an isobenzoxazolylene group, a triazolylene group, a tetrazolylene group, an imidazopyridinylene group, an imidazopyrimidinylene group, and an azacarbazolylene group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a thiadiazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, and an azacarbazolyl group,

but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.



[0181] In one or more embodiments, xe1 and xe611 to xe613 in Formulae 601 and 601-1 may each independently be 0, 1, or 2.

[0182] For example, R601 and R611 to R613 in Formulae 601 and 601-1 may each independently be selected from: a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q601)(Q602)(Q603), -C(=O)(Q601), -S(=O)2(Q601), and -P(=O)(Q601)(Q602).

[0183] In one or more embodiments, R601 and R611 to R613 in Formulae 601 and 601-1 may each independently be selected from:

a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a thiadiazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, and an azacarbazolyl group;

a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a thiadiazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, and an azacarbazolyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium,-F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, a pyridinyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a thiadiazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, and an azacarbazolyl group; and

-Si(Q601)(Q602)(Q603), -S(=O)2(Q601), and -P(=O)(Q601)(Q602), and

Q601 to Q603 are the same as described above.



[0184] The electron transport region may include at least one compound selected from Compounds ET1 to ET36, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:

























[0185] In one or more embodiments, the electron transport region may include at least one compound selected from 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP), 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen), Alq3, BAlq, 3-(biphenyl-4-yl)-5-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazole (TAZ), NTAZ, TSPO1, TBPI and DPEPO:







[0186] Thicknesses of the buffer layer, the hole blocking layer, and the electron control layer may each be in a range of about 20 Å to about 1,000 Å, for example, about 20 Å to about 700 Å, about 20 Å to about 500 Å, about 20 Å to about 400 Å, about 30 Å to about 400 Å or about 30 Å to about 300 Å. When the thicknesses of the buffer layer, the hole blocking layer, and the electron control layer are within these ranges, the electron transport region may have excellent hole blocking characteristics or electron control characteristics without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0187] A thickness of the electron transport layer may be in a range of about 100 Å to about 1,000 Å, for example, about 100 Å to about 700 Å, about 100 Å to about 600 Å, about 150 Å to about 600 Å, about 150 Å to about 500 Å or about 250 Å to about 350 Å. When the thickness of the electron transport layer is within the range described above, the electron transport layer may have satisfactory electron transport characteristics without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0188] The electron transport region (for example, the electron transport layer in the electron transport region) may further include, in addition to the materials described above, a metal-containing material.

[0189] The metal-containing material may include at least one selected from alkali metal complex and alkaline earth-metal complex. The alkali metal complex may include a metal ion selected from a Li ion, a Na ion, a K ion, a Rb ion, and a Cs ion, and the alkaline earth-metal complex may include a metal ion selected from a Be ion, a Mg ion, a Ca ion, a Sr ion, and a Ba ion. A ligand coordinated with the metal ion of the alkali metal complex or the alkaline earth-metal complex may be selected from a hydroxy quinoline, a hydroxy isoquinoline, a hydroxy benzoquinoline, a hydroxy acridine, a hydroxy phenanthridine, a hydroxy phenyloxazole, a hydroxy phenylthiazole, a hydroxy diphenyloxadiazole, a hydroxy diphenylthiadiazole, a hydroxy phenylpyridine, a hydroxy phenylbenzimidazole, a hydroxy phenylbenzothiazole, a bipyridine, a phenanthroline, and a cyclopentadiene, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0190] For example, the metal-containing material may include a Li complex. The Li complex may include, for example, Compound ET-D1 (lithium quinolate, LiQ) or ET-D2;



[0191] The electron transport region may include an electron injection layer that facilitates injection of electrons from the cathode 190. The electron injection layer may be in direct contact with the cathode 190.

[0192] The electron injection layer may have i) a single-layered structure including a single layer including a single material, ii) a single-layered structure including a single layer including a plurality of different materials, or iii) a multi-layered structure having a plurality of layers including a plurality of different materials.

[0193] The electron injection layer may include an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, a rare earth metal, an alkali metal compound, an alkaline earth-metal compound, a rare earth metal compound, an alkali metal complex, an alkaline earth-metal complex, a rare earth metal complex, or any combinations thereof.

[0194] The alkali metal may be selected from Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs. In one embodiment, the alkali metal may be Li, Na, or Cs. In one or more embodiments, the alkali metal may be Li or Cs, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0195] The alkaline earth metal may be selected from Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba.

[0196] The rare earth metal may be selected from Sc, Y, Ce, Tb, Yb, and Gd.

[0197] The alkali metal compound, the alkaline earth-metal compound, and the rare earth metal compound may be selected from oxides and halides (for example, fluorides, chlorides, bromides, or iodides) of the alkali metal, the alkaline earth-metal, and the rare earth metal.

[0198] The alkali metal compound may be selected from alkali metal oxides, such as Li2O, Cs2O, or K2O, and alkali metal halides, such as LiF, NaF, CsF, KF, LiI, NaI, CsI, KI, or RbI. In one embodiment, the alkali metal compound may be selected from LiF, Li2O, NaF, LiI, NaI, CsI, and KI, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0199] The alkaline earth-metal compound may be selected from alkaline earth-metal oxides, such as BaO, SrO, CaO, BaxSr1-xO (0<x<1), or BaxCa1-xO (0<x<1). In one embodiment, the alkaline earth-metal compound may be selected from BaO, SrO, and CaO, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0200] The rare earth metal compound may be selected from YbF3, ScF3, Sc2O3, Y2O3, Ce2O3, GdF3, and TbF3. In one embodiment, the rare earth metal compound may be selected from YbF3, ScF3, TbF3, YbI3, ScI3, and TbI3, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0201] The alkali metal complex, the alkaline earth-metal complex, and the rare earth metal complex may include an ion of alkali metal, alkaline earth-metal, and rare earth metal as described above, and a ligand coordinated with a metal ion of the alkali metal complex, the alkaline earth-metal complex, or the rare earth metal complex may be selected from hydroxy quinoline, hydroxy isoquinoline, hydroxy benzoquinoline, hydroxy acridine, hydroxy phenanthridine, hydroxy phenyloxazole, hydroxy phenylthiazole, hydroxy diphenyloxadiazole, hydroxy diphenylthiadiazole, hydroxy phenylpyridine, hydroxy phenylbenzimidazole, hydroxy phenylbenzothiazole, bipyridine, phenanthroline, and cyclopentadiene, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto.

[0202] The electron injection layer may consist of an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, a rare earth metal, an alkali metal compound, an alkaline earth-metal compound, a rare earth metal compound, an alkali metal complex, an alkaline earth-metal complex, a rare earth metal complex, or any combinations thereof, as described above. In one or more embodiments, the electron injection layer may further include an organic material. When the electron injection layer further includes an organic material, an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, a rare earth metal, an alkali metal compound, an alkaline earth-metal compound, a rare earth metal compound, an alkali metal complex, an alkaline earth-metal complex, a rare earth metal complex, or any combinations thereof may be homogeneously or non-homogeneously dispersed in a matrix including the organic material.

[0203] A thickness of the electron injection layer may be in a range of about 1 Å to about 100 Å, for example, about 3 Å to about 90 Å or about 3 Å to about 20 Å. When the thickness of the electron injection layer is within the range described above, the electron injection layer may have satisfactory electron injection characteristics without a substantial increase in driving voltage.

[0204] In one embodiment, the hole transport region may include a hole transport material, the first host may include a hole transport host including no electron transport moiety, and the hole transport material may be the same as the first host.

[0205] In one or more embodiments, the hole transport region may include a hole transport layer including a hole transport material and an electron blocking layer including an electron blocking material, the first emission layer and the electron blocking layer may be in direct contact with each other, and the first host may include a hole transport host including no electron transport moiety and may be the same as the hole transport material and/or the electron blocking material.

[0206] In addition, in one embodiment, the electron transport region may include an electron transport material, the second host may include an electron transport host including at least one electron transport moiety, and the electron transport material may be the same as the second host.

[0207] In one or more embodiments, the electron transport region may include an electron transport layer including an electron transport material and a hole blocking layer including a hole blocking material, the first emission layer and the electron blocking layer may be in direct contact with each other, and the first host may include an electron transport host including at least one electron transport moiety and may be the same as the electron transport material and/or the hole blocking material.

[0208] An organic light-emitting device according to another embodiment may further include a second exciton quenching layer between the anode and the first emission layer and directly contacting the first emission layer,
the second exciton quenching layer may include a second quenching material, and
the host, the dopant, and the second quenching material may satisfy Equations 2-1 and 2-2:





[0209] In Equations 2-1 and 2-2,
T1(Q2) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the second quenching material,
T1(H1) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the first host, and
T1(D1) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the first dopant.

[0210] An organic light-emitting device according to another embodiment may further include a third exciton quenching layer between the cathode and the second emission layer and directly contacting the second emission layer,
the third exciton quenching layer may include a third quenching material, and
the host, the dopant, and the third quenching material may satisfy Equations 3-1 and 3-2:





[0211] In Equations 3-1 and 3-2,
T1(Q3) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the third quenching material,
T1(H2) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the second host, and
T1(D2) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the second dopant.

[0212] The second exciton quenching layer may further include a fourth host, or may further include a fourth host and a fourth dopant.

[0213] The third exciton quenching layer may further include a fifth host, or may further include a fifth host and a fifth dopant.

[0214] The fourth host and the fifth host may be understood by referring to the description provided with respect to the third host.

[0215] The fourth dopant and the fifth dopant may be understood by referring to the description provided with respect to the third dopant.

[0216] In addition, in one embodiment, a thickness (DQ3) of the third exciton quenching layer and a thickness (DE2) of the second emission layer may satisfy DE2 ≥ DQ3.

[0217] In one embodiment, the organic layer may include a hole transport layer or an electron blocking layer between the anode and the second exciton quenching layer, and
the second exciton quenching layer and the hole transport layer or the electron blocking layer may be in direct contact with each other.

[0218] In one or more embodiments, the organic layer may include an electron transport layer or a hole blocking layer between the cathode and the third exciton quenching layer, and
the third exciton quenching layer and the electron transport layer or the hole blocking layer may be in direct contact with each other.

[0219] The cathode 190 may be disposed on the organic layer 150 having such a structure. A material for forming the cathode 190 may be metal, an alloy, an electrically conductive compound, and a combination thereof, which have a relatively low work function.

[0220] The cathode 190 may include at least one selected from lithium (Li), silver (Ag), magnesium (Mg), aluminium (Al), aluminium-lithium (Al-Li), calcium (Ca), magnesium-indium (Mg-In), magnesium-silver (Mg-Ag), ITO, and IZO, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto. The cathode 190 may be a transmissive electrode, a semi-transmissive electrode, or a reflective electrode.

[0221] The cathode 190 may have a single-layered structure, or a multi-layered structure including two or more layers.

[0222] In the FIGURE (FIG. 1), a substrate may be additionally disposed under the anode 110 (i.e., a surface not in contact with the organic layer) or above the cathode 190 (i.e., a surface not in contact with the organic layer) as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art. The substrate may be a glass substrate or a plastic substrate, each having excellent mechanical strength, thermal stability, transparency, surface smoothness, ease of handling, and water resistance.

[0223] In one embodiment, the organic light-emitting device 10 may further include a capping layer in a direction in which light is extracted. The capping layer may increase external luminescent efficiency according to the principle of constructive interference.

[0224] The capping layer may each independently be an organic capping layer including an organic material, an inorganic capping layer including an inorganic material, or a composite capping layer including an organic material and an inorganic material.

[0225] The capping layer may each independently include at least one material selected from carbocyclic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, amine-based compounds, porphyrine derivatives, phthalocyanine derivatives, a naphthalocyanine derivatives, alkali metal complexes, and alkaline earth metal complexes. The carbocyclic compound, the heterocyclic compound, and the amine-based compound may be optionally substituted with a substituent containing at least one element selected from O, N, S, Se, Si, F, Cl, Br, and I.

[0226] In one embodiment, the capping layer may include an amine-based compound.

[0227] In one or more embodiments, the capping layer may include a compound represented by Formula 201 or Formula 202.

[0228] In one or more embodiments, the capping layer may be selected from Compounds HT28 to HT33 and Compounds CP1 to CP5, but embodiments of the inventive concepts are not limited thereto:





[0229] Hereinbefore, the organic light-emitting device according to an embodiment has been described in connection with the FIGURE (FIG. 1).

[0230] Layers constituting the hole transport region, an emission layer, and layers constituting the electron transport region may be formed in a certain region by using one or more suitable methods selected from vacuum deposition, spin coating, casting, Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) deposition, ink-jet printing, laser-printing, and laser-induced thermal imaging.

[0231] When layers constituting the hole transport region, an emission layer, and layers constituting the electron transport region are formed by vacuum deposition, the deposition may be performed at a deposition temperature of about 100 °C to about 500 °C, a vacuum degree of about 10-8 torr to about 10-3 torr, and a deposition speed of about 0.01 Å/sec to about 100 Å/sec by taking into account a material to be included in a layer to be formed, and the structure of a layer to be formed.

[0232] When layers constituting the hole transport region, an emission layer, and layers constituting the electron transport region are formed by spin coating, the spin coating may be performed at a coating speed of about 2,000 rpm to about 5,000 rpm and at a heat treatment temperature of about 80 °C to about 200 °C by taking into account a material to be included in a layer to be formed, and the structure of a layer to be formed.

[0233] In one or more embodiment, an electronic apparatus having: a thin-film transistor including a source electrode, a drain electrode, and an activation layer; and the organic light-emitting device is provided. The anode or the cathode of the organic light-emitting device is electrically connected to one of the source electrode and the drain electrode of the thin-film transistor.

[0234] The term "C1-C60 alkyl group" as used herein refers to a linear or branched aliphatic saturated hydrocarbon monovalent group having 1 to 60 carbon atoms, and examples thereof include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a propyl group, an isobutyl group, a sec-butyl group, a tert-butyl group, a pentyl group, an isoamyl group, and a hexyl group. The term "C1-C60 alkylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C1-C60 alkyl group. Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in an alkyl/alkylene group.

[0235] The term "C2-C60 alkenyl group" as used herein refers to a hydrocarbon group having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the middle or at the terminus of the C2-C60 alkyl group, and examples thereof include an ethenyl group, a propenyl group, and a butenyl group. The term "C2-C60 alkenylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C2-C60 alkenyl group. Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in an alkenyl/alkenylene group.

[0236] The term "C2-C60 alkynyl group" as used herein refers to a hydrocarbon group having at least one carbon-carbon triple bond in the middle or at the terminus of the C2-C60 alkyl group, and examples thereof include an ethynyl group, and a propynyl group. The term "C2-C60 alkynylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C2-C60 alkynyl group. Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in an alkynyl/alkynylene group.

[0237] The term "C1-C60 alkoxy group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group represented by -OA101 (wherein A101 is the C1-C60 alkyl group), and examples thereof include a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, and an isopropyloxy group. Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in an alkoxy group.

[0238] The term "C3-C10 cycloalkyl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent saturated hydrocarbon monocyclic group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, and examples thereof include a cyclopropyl group, a cyclobutyl group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, and a cycloheptyl group. The term "C3-C10 cycloalkylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C3-C10 cycloalkyl group.

[0239] The term "C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent monocyclic group having at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, Si, P, and S as a ring-forming atom and 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and examples thereof include a 1,2,3,4-oxatriazolidinyl group, a tetrahydrofuranyl group, and a tetrahydrothiophenyl group. The term "C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group.

[0240] The term C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group as used herein refers to a monovalent monocyclic group that has 3 to 10 carbon atoms and at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the ring thereof and no aromaticity, and examples thereof include a cyclopentenyl group, a cyclohexenyl group, and a cycloheptenyl group. The term "C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group.

[0241] The term "C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent monocyclic group that has at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, Si, P, and S as a ring-forming atom, 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and at least one carbon-carbon double bond in its ring. Non-limiting examples of the C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group include a 4,5-dihydro-1,2,3,4-oxatriazolyl group, a 2,3-dihydrofuranyl group, and a 2,3-dihydrothiophenyl group. The term "C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group.

[0242] The term "C6-C60 aryl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group having a carbocyclic aromatic system having 6 to 60 carbon atoms, and a C6-C60 arylene group used herein refers to a divalent group having a carbocyclic aromatic system having 6 to 60 carbon atoms. Non-limiting examples of the C6-C60 aryl group include a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthracenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, a pyrenyl group, and a chrysenyl group. When the C6-C60 aryl group and the C6-C60 arylene group each include two or more rings, the rings may be fused to each other. Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in an aryl/arylene group.

[0243] The term "C1-C60 heteroaryl group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group having a carbocyclic aromatic system that has at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, Si, P, and S as a ring-forming atom, in addition to 1 to 60 carbon atoms. The term "C1-C60 heteroarylene group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having a carbocyclic aromatic system that has at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, Si, P, and S as a ring-forming atom, in addition to 1 to 60 carbon atoms. Non-limiting examples of the C1-C60 heteroaryl group include a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, and an isoquinolinyl group. When the C1-C60 heteroaryl group and the C1-C60 heteroarylene group each include two or more rings, the rings may be condensed with each other. Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in an heteroaryl/heteroarylene group.

[0244] The term "C6-C60 aryloxy group" as used herein refers to -OA102 (wherein A102 is the C6-C60 aryl group), and a C6-C60 arylthio group used herein indicates -SA103 (wherein A103 is the C6-C60 aryl group). Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in an aryloxy group and an arylthio group.

[0245] The term "C1-C60 heteroaryloxy group" as used herein refers to -OA104 (wherein A104 is the C1-C60 heteroaryl group), and the term "C1-C60 heteroarylthio group" as used herein refers to -SA105 (wherein A105 is the C1-C60 heteroaryl group). Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in a heteroaryloxy group and a heteroarylthio group.

[0246] The term "monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group (for example, having 8 to 60 carbon atoms) having two or more rings condensed with each other, only carbon atoms as ring-forming atoms, and no aromaticity in its entire molecular structure. A detailed example of the monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group is a fluorenyl group. The term "divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group.

[0247] The term "monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group" as used herein refers to a monovalent group (for example, having 1 to 60 carbon atoms) having two or more rings condensed to each other, at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, Si, P, and S, other than carbon atoms, as a ring-forming atom, and no aromaticity in its entire molecular structure. An example of the monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is a carbazolyl group. The term "divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group" as used herein refers to a divalent group having the same structure as the monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

[0248] The term "C5-C60 carbocyclic group" as used herein refers to a monocyclic or polycyclic group having 5 to 60 carbon atoms in which a ring-forming atom is a carbon atom only. The term "C5-C60 carbocyclic group" as used herein refers to an aromatic carbocyclic group or a non-aromatic carbocyclic group. The C5-C60 carbocyclic group may be a ring, such as benzene, a monovalent group, such as a phenyl group, or a divalent group, such as a phenylene group. In one or more embodiments, depending on the number of substituents connected to the C5-C60 carbocyclic group, the C5-C60 carbocyclic group may be a trivalent group or a quadrivalent group. Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in a carbocyclic group.

[0249] The term "C1-C60 heterocyclic group" as used herein refers to a group having the same structure as the C5-C60 carbocyclic group, except that as a ring-forming atom, at least one heteroatom selected from N, O, Si, P, and S is used in addition to carbon (the number of carbon atoms may be in a range of 1 to 60). Corresponding definitions apply to other ranges given for the number of carbon atoms in a heterocyclic group.

[0250] In the present specification, at least one substituent of the C5-C60 (e.g. C5-C30) carbocyclic group, the substituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heterocyclic group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, the substituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylene group, the substituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylene group, the substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, the substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, the substituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkyl group, the substituted C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkenyl group, the substituted C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkynyl group, the substituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkoxy group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, the substituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group, the substituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryloxy group, the substituted C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylthio group, the substituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, the substituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryloxy group, the substituted C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylthio group, the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group may be selected from:

deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkyl group, a C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkenyl group, a C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkoxy group;

a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkyl group, a C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkenyl group, a C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryloxy group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylthio group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylthio group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, - Si(Q11)(Q12)(Q13), -N(Q11)(Q12), -B(Q11)(Q12), -C(=O)(Q11), -S(=O)2(Q11), and -P(=O)(Q11)(Q12);

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryloxy group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylthio group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylthio group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryloxy group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylthio group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylthio group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium,-F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkyl group, a C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkenyl group, a C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkynyl group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryloxy group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) arylthio group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylthio group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q21)(Q22)(Q23), -N(Q21)(Q22), -B(Q21)(Q22), -C(=O)(Q21), -S(=O)2(Q21), and-P(=O)(Q21)(Q22); and

-Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), -N(Q31)(Q32), -B(Q31)(Q32), -C(=O)(Q31), -S(=O)2(Q31), and-P(=O)(Q31)(Q32), and

Q11 to Q13, Q21 to Q23, and Q31 to Q33 may each independently be selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkyl group, a C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkenyl group, a C2-C60 (e.g. C2-C20) alkynyl group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroaryloxy group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) heteroarylthio group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, a C1-C60 (e.g. C1-C20) alkyl group substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, and a cyano group, a C6-C60 (e.g. C6-C30) aryl group substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, -F, and a cyano group, a biphenyl group, and a terphenyl group.



[0251] The term "Ph" as used herein represents a phenyl group, the term "Me" as used herein represents a methyl group, the term "Et" as used herein represents an ethyl group, the term "ter-Bu" or "But," as used herein, represents a tert-butyl group, and the term "OMe" as used herein represents a methoxy group.

[0252] The term "biphenyl group" as used herein refers to a "phenyl group substituted with a phenyl group. The "biphenyl group" is a "substituted phenyl group" having a "C6-C60 aryl group" as a substituent.

[0253] The term "terphenyl group" as used herein refers to a "phenyl group substituted with a biphenyl group. The "terphenyl group" is a "phenyl group" having, as a substituent, a "C6-C60 aryl group substituted with a C6-C60 aryl group."

[0254] * and *' as used herein, unless defined otherwise, each refer to a binding site to a neighboring atom in a corresponding formula.

[0255] Hereinafter, an organic light-emitting device according to an embodiment will be described in detail with reference to Examples. The expression "B was used instead of A" used in describing Examples means that an identical number of molar equivalents of A was used in place of molar equivalents of B.

[Examples]


Evaluation Example 1: Measurement of T1 energy level



[0256] A mixture of toluene and each of Compounds LH-11 and PD110 (1 mg of each of Compounds LH-11 and PD110 was dissolved in 3 mL of toluene) was added to a quartz cell, liquid nitrogen (77 K) was added thereto, and a photoluminescence spectrum was measured by using a photoluminescence measurement instrument. The peak observed only at a low temperature was analyzed by comparing the photoluminescence spectrum with a general roomtemperature photoluminescence spectrum. Then, a T1 energy level results thereof are shown in Table 1.
[Table 1]
CompoundT1 energy level (eV)
LH-11 1.55
PD110 3.05




[0257] Referring to Table 1, it is confirmed that Compound LH-11 has low T1 energy level.

Example 1



[0258] A Corning 15 Ω/cm2 (1,200 Å) ITO glass substrate (anode) was cut to a size of 50 mm x 50 mm x 0.7 mm, sonicated with isopropyl alcohol and pure water each for 5 minutes, and then cleaned by exposure to ultraviolet rays and ozone for 30 minutes. Then, the ITO glass substrate was provided to a vacuum deposition apparatus.

[0259] HT18 + MoOx (x=2 to 4, 10% doping) and Compound 221-1 were vacuum-deposited on the ITO glass substrate to form a hole injection layer having a thickness of 100 Å, and HT18 was vacuum-deposited on the hole injection layer to form a hole transport layer having a thickness of 700 Å.

[0260] TCTA was vacuum-deposited on the hole transport layer to form an electron blocking layer having a thickness of 50 Å.

[0261] Compound HT118 and Compound H119 as a co-host (weight ratio of 1:1) and Compound PD110 as a dopant (10 wt%) were co-deposited to form a first emission layer having a thickness of 125 Å.

[0262] Compound HT118 and Compound H119 as a co-host (weight ratio of 1:1) and Compound LH-11 as a first quenching material were co-deposited on the first emission layer to form a first exciton quenching layer having a thickness of 50 Å.

[0263] Compound HT118 and Compound H119 as a co-host (weight ratio of 1:1) and Compound PD110 as a dopant (10 wt%) were co-deposited on the first exciton quenching layer to form a second emission layer having a thickness of 125 Å.

[0264] Compound 221-1 was vacuum-deposited on the second emission layer to form a hole blocking layer having a thickness of 50 Å.

[0265] Compound H119 was vacuum-deposited on the hole blocking layer to form an electron transport layer having a thickness of 300 Å. LiF was vacuum-deposited on the electron transport layer to form an electron injection layer having a thickness of 10 Å, and Al was vacuum-deposited on the electron injection layer to form a cathode having a thickness of 3,000 Å, thereby completing the manufacture of an organic light-emitting device.


















Example 2



[0266] An organic light-emitting device was manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1, except that a first exciton quenching layer was formed so as to form a concentration gradient in which a concentration of Compound LH-11 was 5 wt% at an interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the first emission layer, and a concentration of Compound LH-11 was 0.5 % at an interface between the first exciton quenching layer and the second emission layer.

Comparative Example 1



[0267] An organic light-emitting device was manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1, except that the first exciton quenching layer and the second emission layer were not formed, and the hole blocking layer was formed on the first emission layer.

Evaluation Example 2: Evaluation of organic light-emitting device



[0268] The driving voltage, current efficiency, and lifespan (LT50) of the organic light-emitting devices manufactured according to Examples 1 and 2 and Comparative Example 1 were measured by using Keithley SMU 236 and a luminance meter PR650, and results thereof are shown in Table 2. The lifespan indicates the time that lapsed when luminance was 50 % of initial luminance (100 %).
[Table 2]
 Driving voltage (V)Current efficiency (Cd/A)LT50 (hr)
Example 1 4.5 15.6 116
Example 2 4.5 18.6 150
Comparative Example 1 4.5 16 102


[0269] From Table 2, it is confirmed that the organic light-emitting devices of Example 1 and 2 has high efficiency and a long lifespan, as compared with those of the organic light-emitting device of Comparative Example 1.

[0270] Some of the advantages that may be achieved by embodiments of the invention include an organic light-emitting device that may have a long lifespan.

[0271] Although certain embodiments and implementations have been described herein, other embodiments and modifications will be apparent from this description. Accordingly, the inventive concepts are not limited to such embodiments, but rather to the broader scope of the appended claims and various obvious modifications and equivalent arrangements as would be apparent to a person of ordinary skill in the art.


Claims

1. An organic light-emitting device (10) comprising:

an anode (110);

a cathode (190); and

an organic layer (150) between the anode (110) and the cathode (190) and comprising an emission region,

wherein the emission region comprises a first emission layer (131), a second emission layer (132), and a first exciton quenching layer (133),

the first emission layer (131) comprises a first host and a first dopant,

the second emission layer (132) comprises a second host and a second dopant, and

the first exciton quenching layer (133) is disposed between the first emission layer (131) and the second emission layer (132) and comprises a first quenching material.


 
2. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to claim 1, wherein
the first host, the first dopant, the second host, the second dopant, and the first quenching material satisfy Equations 1-1 to 1-4:







wherein, in Equations 1-1 to 1-4,

T1(Q1) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the first quenching material,

T1(H1) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the first host,

T1(D1) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the first dopant,

T1(H2) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the second host, and

T1(D2) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the second dopant.


 
3. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein
the lowest excitation triplet energy level T1(Q1) of the first quenching material is in a range of about 1 eV to about 3.5 eV.
 
4. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein
the first quenching material comprises at least one selected from the fluorescence emitting material and a phosphorescence emitting material.
 
5. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to claim 4, wherein
the first quenching material comprises a fluorescence emitting material, and
the fluorescence emitting material is selected from Compounds MH1 to MH13 and LH1 to LH11:





















or
the fluorescence emitting material comprises at least one selected from a diamine-based compound, a styryl-based compound, a perylene-based compound, and a coumarin-based compound.
 
6. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to claim 4, wherein
the first quenching material comprises a phosphorescence emitting material, and
the phosphorescence emitting material is selected from Compounds H101 to H119:

















or the phosphorescence emitting material is used for red or green light emission.
 
7. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein
an amount of the first quenching material is in a range of about 0.05 parts by weight to about 20 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the first exciton quenching layer (133).
 
8. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein,
with respect to a length of 100 length% from an interface between the first exciton quenching layer (133) and the first emission layer (131) to an interface between the first exciton quenching layer (133) and the second emission layer (132),
about 70 parts by weight or more among 100 parts by weight of the first quenching material is included in (i) a region (M0,20) in which a length from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer (133) and the first emission layer (131) is in a range of about 0 length% to about 20 length% and (ii) a region (M80,100) in which a length from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer (133) and the first emission layer (131) is in a range of about 80 length% to about 100 length%.
 
9. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein,
with respect to a length of 100 length% from an interface between the first exciton quenching layer (133) and the first emission layer (131) to an interface between the first exciton quenching layer (133) and the second emission layer (132),
about 70 parts by weight or more among 100 parts by weight of the first quenching material is included in (i) a region (M0,50) in which a length from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer (133) and the first emission layer (131) is in a range of about 0 length% to about 50 length% or (ii) a region (M50,100) in which a length from the interface between the first exciton quenching layer (133) and the first emission layer (131) is in a range of about 50 length% to about 100 length%.
 
10. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein
the first exciton quenching layer (133) further comprises a third host, or
the first exciton quenching layer (133) further comprises a third host and a third dopant,
wherein, preferably, at least one of the first host and the second host is the same as the third host.
 
11. A organic light-emitting device according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein
the first host comprises a first hole transport host comprising no electron transport moiety and a first electron transport host comprising at least one electron transport moiety, and
the second host comprises a second hole transport host comprising no electron transport moiety and a second electron transport host comprising at least one electron transport moiety,
wherein, preferably, the first hole transport host and the second hole transport host are each independently a compound represented by one selected from Formulae 301-1 to 301-6, and
the first electron transport host and the second electron transport host are each independently a compound represented by one selected from Formulae 301-7 to 301-9:























wherein, in Formulae 301-1 to 301-9,

A301 to A304 are each independently selected from a benzene group, a naphthalene group, a phenanthrene group, a fluoranthene group, a triphenylene group, a pyrene group, a chrysene group, a pyridine group, a pyrimidine group, an indene group, a fluorene group, a spiro-bifluorene group, a benzofluorene group, a dibenzofluorene group, an indole group, a carbazole group, a benzocarbazole group, a dibenzocarbazole group, a furan group, a benzofuran group, a dibenzofuran group, a naphthofuran group, a benzonaphthofuran group, a dinaphthofuran group, a thiophene group, a benzothiophene group, a dibenzothiophene group, a naphthothiophene group, a benzonaphthothiophene group, and a dinaphthothiophene group,

X301 is O, S, or N-[(L304)xb4-R304],

X302 is N or C(R311), X303 is N or C(R312), X304 is N or C(R313), and at least one selected from X302 to X304 is N,

X305 is N or C(R311), X306 is N or C(R312), X307 is N or C(R313), X308 is N or C(R314), and at least one selected from X305 to X308 is N,

Y301 and Y302 are each independently a single bond, O, S, N-[(L305)xb5-R305], or S(=O)2,

xb21 to xb24 are each independently 0, 1, or 2,

Ar301 is a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C60 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heterocyclic group,

L301 to L305 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,

xb1 to xb4 are each independently an integer from 0 to 5,

xb5 is an integer from 1 to 5,

R301 to R305 are each independently selected from deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q301)(Q302)(Q303), -N(Q301)(Q302), -B(Q301)(Q302), -C(=O)(Q301), -S(=O)2(Q301), and-P(=O)(Q301)(Q302),

R311 to R314 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a naphthyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, -SH,-S(Q301), -Si(Q301)(Q302)(Q303), -N(Q301)(Q302), -B(Q301)(Q302), -C(=O)(Q301), -S(=O)2(Q301), and-P(=O)(Q301)(Q302),

Q301 to Q303 are each independently selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthenyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-bifluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, an indolyl group, an isoindolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzosilolyl group, and a pyridinyl group,

two or more neighboring substituents selected from R301 to R303 and R311 to R313 in Formula 301-7 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C60 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heterocyclic group, and

two or more substituents selected from R311 to R314 in Formula 301-9 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C60 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heterocyclic group.


 
12. An organic light-emitting device according to any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein
the first dopant and the second dopant are each independently a phosphorescent dopant or a delayed fluorescence dopant,
wherein, preferably, the phosphorescent dopant comprises an organometallic complex represented by Formula 401:

         <Formula 401>     M(L401)xc1(L402)xc2





wherein, in Formulae 401 and 402,

M is selected from iridium (Ir), platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), titanium (Ti), zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf), europium (Eu), terbium (Tb), rhodium (Rh), and thulium (Tm),

L401 is selected from a ligand represented by Formula 402, and xc1 is 1, 2, or 3, wherein, when xc1 is two or more, two or more L401(s) are identical to or different from each other,

L402 is an organic ligand, and xc2 is an integer from 0 to 4, wherein, when xc2 is two or more two or more L402(s) are identical to or different from each other,

X401 to X404 are each independently nitrogen or carbon,

X401 and X403 are linked via a single bond or a double bond, and X402 and X404 are linked via a single bond or a double bond,

A401 and A402 are each independently a C5-C60 carbocyclic group or a C1-C60 heterocyclic group,

X405 is a single bond, *-O-*', *-S-*', *-C(=O)-*', *-N(Q411)-*', *-C(Q411)(Q412)-*', *-C(Q411)=C(Q412)-*', *-C(Q411)=*', or *=C=*', wherein Q411 and Q412 are each independently hydrogen, deuterium, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a terphenyl group, or a naphthyl group,

X406 is a single bond, O, or S,

R401 and R402 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, -Si(Q401)(Q402)(Q403), -N(Q401)(Q402), -B(Q401)(Q402), -C(=O)(Q401), -S(=O)2(Q401), and-P(=O)(Q401)(Q402), wherein Q401 to Q403 are each independently selected from a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a C6-C20 aryl group, and a C1-C20 heteroaryl group,

xc11 and xc12 are each independently an integer from 0 to 10, and

* and *' in Formula 402 each indicate a binding site to M in Formula 401; or

the delayed fluorescence dopant satisfies Equation 3 and comprises no metal atom:

wherein, in Equation 3,

T1(DF) is a lowest excitation triplet energy level of the delayed fluorescence dopant, and

S1(DF) is a lowest excitation singlet energy level of the delayed fluorescence dopant.


 
13. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein
a thickness (DQ1) of the first exciton quenching layer (133) and a thickness of (DE1) of the first emission layer (131) satisfy DE1 ≥ DQ1, and
a thickness (DQ1) of the first exciton quenching layer (133) and a thickness (DE2) of the second emission layer (132) satisfy DE2 ≥ DQ1.
 
14. An organic light-emitting device (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein
the second emission layer (132) is disposed between the first emission layer (131) and the cathode (190),
the organic layer (150) comprises:

a hole transport region between the anode (110) and the first emission layer (131) and comprising an electron blocking layer; and

an electron transport region between the second emission layer (132) and the cathode (190) and comprising a hole blocking layer,

the electron blocking layer is in direct contact with the first emission layer (131), and

the hole blocking layer is in direct contact with the second emission layer (132).


 
15. An electronic apparatus comprising:

a thin-film transistor comprising a source electrode, a drain electrode, and an activation layer; and

the organic light-emitting device according to any one of claims 1 to 14,

wherein the anode or the cathode of the organic light-emitting device is electrically connected to one of the source electrode and the drain electrode of the thin-film transistor.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description