(19)
(11)EP 3 706 526 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 18874521.0

(22)Date of filing:  30.10.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H05K 9/00(2006.01)
C08L 101/00(2006.01)
C08K 7/06(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/040244
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/088063 (09.05.2019 Gazette  2019/19)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 30.10.2017 JP 2017209055
09.03.2018 JP 2018043083
15.10.2018 JP 2018194176

(71)Applicant: Daicel Polymer Ltd.
Tokyo 108-8231 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • UEDA Takafumi
    Tokyo 108-8231 (JP)
  • KATANO Hirotomo
    Tokyo 108-8231 (JP)
  • KATAYAMA Hiroshi
    Tokyo 108-8231 (JP)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)

  


(54)ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE SHIELDING/ABSORBING MOLDED ARTICLE


(57) Provided is an electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article which has excellent shielding properties and absorbency for electromagnetic waves having a specific frequency. The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article includes a thermoplastic resin composition including stainless steel fibers, and the content ratio of the stainless steel fibers in the molded article is from 0.5 to 20 mass%. The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article has a thickness from 0.5 mm to 5 mm, and a shielding property of 10 dB or greater and an absorbency of 25% or greater for electromagnetic waves having any frequency in a frequency domain from 59 GHz to 100 GHz.


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to an electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article having an advanced capability of shielding and absorbing electromagnetic waves having a specific wavelength.

Background Art



[0002] A millimeter wave radar device used for the purpose of enabling automated driving and preventing collisions of automobiles is known. A millimeter wave radar device is mounted to various locations such as the front center, both sides, and both rear sides of a vehicle, and is provided with: a high frequency module with an antenna for transmitting and receiving radio waves installed, a control circuit for controlling the radio waves, a housing that houses the antenna and the control circuit, and a radome covering the transmission and reception of radio waves for the antenna (JP 2007-74662 A). A millimeter wave radar device thus constituted transmits and receives millimeter waves using the antenna, and can thereby detect relative distances and relative velocities with respect to an obstacle. The antenna may also receive radio waves reflected from a road surface or other objects besides a target obstacle, and thus there is a risk that the detection accuracy of the device may be reduced. In order to solve this problem, the millimeter wave radar device according to JP 2007-74662 A is provided with a shielding member that shields radio waves between the antenna and the control circuit.

[0003] As an invention for solving the problems of the invention of JP 2007-74662 A, a thermoplastic resin composition containing long carbon fibers with a fiber length from 3 to 30 mm, and a molded article that is obtained therefrom and exhibits performance of shielding millimeter waves are proposed (JP 2015-7216 A). In addition, an invention has been proposed with favorable electromagnetic wave shielding properties of a thermoplastic resin molded article containing carbon fibers having an average length from 0.5 to 15 mm (JP 6123502 B).

Summary of Invention



[0004] An object of the present invention is to provide an electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article excelling in a shielding property and an absorbency for electromagnetic waves having a specific frequency.

[0005] The present invention provides electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article including a thermoplastic resin composition containing stainless steel fibers, a content ratio of the stainless steel fibers in the molded article being from 0.5 to 20 mass%, where
the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article has a thickness from 0.5 mm to 5 mm, and has a shielding property of 10 dB or greater and an absorbency of 25% or greater for electromagnetic waves having any frequency in a frequency domain from 59 GHz to 100 GHz.

[0006] The electromagnetic wave shielding property according to the present invention exhibits a combined performance for both absorbency and reflectivity with respect to electromagnetic waves.

[0007] Furthermore, by using stainless steel fibers, the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to the present invention can increase both the shielding property and the absorbency for electromagnetic waves having frequencies from 59 GHz to 100 GHz.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0008] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of device that was used in the examples to measure the electromagnetic wave shielding property.

Description of Embodiments


<Thermoplastic Resin Composition Containing Stainless Steel Fibers>



[0009] The thermoplastic resin composition used in the present invention contains stainless steel fibers, and as for the stainless steel fibers, stainless steel fiber itself can be used as is, and may also be used in the form of a master batch made from stainless steel fibers and a thermoplastic resin.

[0010] The outer diameter of the stainless steel fibers is preferably from 5 to 20 µm. Examples of the materials for the stainless steel fibers include, but are not limited to, SUS302, SUS304 and SUS316.

[0011] One or more thermoplastic resins selected from polypropylenes, propylene unit-containing copolymers and modified products of the copolymers, styrene-based resins, polyphenylene sulfides, polyamides, polyethylene terephthalates, polybutylene terephthalates, and polycarbonates can be used, and the thermoplastic resin is preferably one or more selected from polypropylenes, and propylene unit-containing copolymers and modified products of the copolymers, and is more preferably a polypropylene.

[0012] As the styrene-based resin, a polystyrene or a copolymer containing a styrene unit (such as AS resin, ABS resin, ASA resin, AES resin, and MAS resin) can be used.

[0013] When the stainless steel fibers are used in the form of a master batch which contains stainless steel fibers and a thermoplastic resin, a form of a thermoplastic resin-bonded stainless steel fiber bundle (thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle) having a length from 1 to 30 mm, in which stainless steel fibers aligned in a length direction being bundled and integrated with a thermoplastic resin can be used.

[0014] The thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle are those which include the following three forms depending on the bonding state of the thermoplastic resin.
  1. (I) A stainless steel fiber bundle in which a resin is penetrated (impregnated) into the center part of the stainless steel fiber bundle such that the resin enters between the fibers of the center part constituting the fiber bundle (hereinafter, referred to as a "thermoplastic resin impregnated fiber bundle").
  2. (II) A stainless steel fiber bundle in which only the surface of the stainless fiber bundle is covered with resin (hereinafter, referred to as a "thermoplastic resin surface-coated fiber bundle").
  3. (III) An intermediate stainless steel fiber bundle of these (where the surface of the stainless fiber bundle is covered with a resin, and the resin is impregnated only in the vicinity of the surface and does not penetrate into the center part) (hereinafter referred to as "partially impregnated thermoplastic resin fiber bundle").


[0015]  The thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle used in the present invention is preferably a thermoplastic resin-impregnated fiber bundle or a thermoplastic resin surface-coated fiber bundle, and is more preferably a thermoplastic resin-impregnated fiber bundle. The resin-bonded fiber bundles of the forms (I) to (III) can be produced by the method described in JP 2013-107979 A.

[0016] The outer diameter of the thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle is preferably from 1.5 to 6.0 mm, more preferably from 1.8 to 5.0 mm, and even more preferably from 2.0 to 4.0 mm, and the length is preferably from 1 to 30 mm, more preferably from 1 to 20 mm, and even more preferably from 3 to 15 mm.

[0017] The content ratio of the stainless steel fibers in the thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle is preferably from 20 to 80 mass%, more preferably from 20 to 60 mass%, and even more preferably from 20 to 50 mass%.

[0018] For the thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle, a number of the stainless steel fibers included in the bonded fiber bundle is preferably from 1000 to 10000, more preferably from 2000 to 8000, and even more preferably from 3000 to 7000. The cross-sectional shape in the width direction of the thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle is preferably circular or a shape similar thereto, but may also be an oval shape or a shape similar thereto or a polygonal shape or a similar shape.

[0019] The thermoplastic resin composition used in the present invention may be made from a master batch only (thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle), which includes stainless steel fibers and a thermoplastic resin, or may be made from the master batch and a thermoplastic resin.

[0020] The thermoplastic resin composition used in the present invention can contain a known resin additive within a range at which the problem of the present invention can be solved. Examples of known resin additives include stabilizers with respect to heat, light, UV light, and the like, lubricants, nucleating agents, plasticizers, known inorganic and organic fillers (note that carbon fibers and carbon black are excluded), antistatic agents, release agents, flame retardants, softeners, dispersants, and antioxidants. The total content ratio of the abovementioned known resin additives in the composition (the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article) is preferably 5 mass% or less, more preferably 3 mass% or less, and even more preferably 1 mass% or less.

[0021] The content ratio of stainless steel fibers in the thermoplastic resin composition (electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article) used in the present invention is from 0.5 to 20 mass%, preferably from 1 to 15 mass%, more preferably from 1 to 12 mass%, and even more preferably from 2 to 10 mass%.

[0022] When the thermoplastic resin composition (electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article) used in the present invention is formed from a thermoplastic resin and a master batch (thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle) which includes stainless steel fibers and a thermoplastic resin, from the perspective of dispersibility of the stainless steel fibers, the content ratio of the master batch (thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle) in the thermoplastic resin composition (electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article) used according to the present invention is preferably from 1 to 60 mass%, more preferably from 1 to 50 mass%, and even more preferably from 1 to 40 mass%.

<Electromagnetic Wave Shielding and Absorbing Molded Article>



[0023] The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to an embodiment of the present invention is obtained by molding the thermoplastic resin composition described above through application of a known resin molding method such as injection molding. The size and shape of the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to an embodiment of the present invention can be appropriately adjusted, according to the application, within a range that satisfies the following thickness requirement.

[0024] The length of the stainless steel fibers in the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to an embodiment of the present invention is preferably from 1 to 30 mm, more preferably from 1 to 20 mm, even more preferably from 3 to 15 mm, and yet even more preferably from 5 to 10 mm. Note that because the stainless steel fibers are not prone to breakage during the molding process, the length of the stainless steel fibers in the composition and the length of the stainless steel fibers in the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article are approximately the same.

[0025] The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to an embodiment of the present invention preferably has a thickness from 0.5 mm to 5 mm, more preferably from 1 mm to 5 mm, and even more preferably from 1 mm to 4 mm. The thickness is measured by the method described in the examples.

[0026] With the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to an embodiment of the present invention, the shielding property for electromagnetic waves having any frequency in a frequency domain from 59 GHz to 100 GHz can be preferably set to 10 dB or greater, more preferably to 20 dB or greater, even more preferably to 30 dB or greater, and yet even more preferably to 40 dB or greater. The shielding property is preferably the shielding property for the entire frequency domain from 76 GHz to 100 GHz.

[0027] Furthermore, with the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to an embodiment of the present invention, the electromagnetic wave absorbency for any frequency in a frequency domain from 59 GHz to 100 GHz can be set to 25% or greater, and preferably 30% or greater. The absorbency is preferably the absorbency for the entire frequency domain from 76 GHz to 100 GHz.

[0028] The electromagnetic wave shielding property and the electromagnetic wave absorbency of the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to an embodiment of the present invention can be adjusted by adjusting (R) which is the content ratio and (T) which is the thickness of the stainless steel fibers.

[0029] When (R·T) which is the product of the content ratio (R) of carbon fibers in the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article (composition) and the thickness (T) of the molded article ranges from 0.5 to less than 6, the electromagnetic wave shielding property in the entire range of frequencies from 70 GHz to 100 GHz can be set to 10 dB or greater, and the electromagnetic wave absorbency can be set to 40% or greater.

[0030]  When the range of (R·T), which is the product of the content ratio (R) of carbon fibers in the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article (composition) and the thickness (T) of the molded article is 6 or greater, and preferably from 6 to 70, the electromagnetic wave shielding property in the entire range of frequencies from 70 GHz to 100 GHz can be set to 50 dB or greater, and the electromagnetic wave absorbency can be set to 20% or greater.

Examples


Production Example 1



[0031] A fiber bundle made from stainless steel fibers (diameter of 11 to 12 µm, approximately 7000 bundlings) was heated at 150°C using a pre-heating device and passed through a crosshead die. At that time, molten polypropylene (97:3 (weight ratio) mixture of SunAllomer PMB60A (block PP available from SunAllomer Ltd.] and MODIC P908 (acid-modified PP available from Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation)) was supplied to the crosshead die from a twin screw extruder (cylinder temperature: 300°C), and the fiber bundles were impregnated with the polypropylene. Next, the material was shaped with a shaping nozzle at the outlet of the crosshead die, and the shape was further refined with a shape refining roll, after which the sample was cut to a predetermined length using a pelletizer to obtain pellets (cylindrical molded articles) with a length of 7 mm. The length of the stainless steel fibers was the same as the pellet length. In the pellets obtained in this manner, the stainless steel fibers were substantially parallel in the length direction.

Examples and Comparative Examples



[0032] PP1 pellets (pellets obtained in Production Example 1 containing 50 mass% of stainless steel fibers) and PP2 pellets (PMB60A, available from SunAllomer Ltd.) were dry blended, and molded at a molding temperature of 230°C and a mold temperature of 50°C using an injection molding machine (α-150iA, available from Fanuc Corporation), and flat plate shaped electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded articles (150 × 150 mm) according to an embodiment of the present invention were obtained. The obtained electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded articles were used, and the various measurements shown in Table 1 were performed.

(1) Thickness (mm)



[0033] The thickness at a center portion (portion of intersection of diagonal lines) of a flat electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article (150 × 150 mm) was measured.

(2) Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property and Electromagnetic Wave Absorbency



[0034] The measurement device (network analyzer) illustrated in FIG. 1 was used.

[0035] A molded article 10 (length of 150 mm, width of 150 mm, thickness shown in the table) to be measured was held between a pair of horizontally opposing antennas (corrugated horn antennas) 11, 12. The spacing between the antenna 12 and the molded article 10 was 0 mm, and the spacing between the molded article 10 and the antenna 11 was 0 mm. In this state, electromagnetic waves (65 to 110 GHz) were radiated from the lower antenna 12, electromagnetic waves transmitted through the molded article 10 to be measured were received by the upper antenna 11, the electromagnetic wave shielding property (the penetration inhibition of radiated waves) was calculated from Equations 1 and 2 below, and the electromagnetic wave absorbency was calculated from Equations 3 to 6 below.




In Equation 1, S21 represents an S parameter (Equation (2)) showing a ratio of a transmitted electric field intensity to an incident electric field intensity, and can be measured using a network analyzer 20.

[0036] In Equation 1, the logarithm of the reciprocal of the S parameter was used to express the electromagnetic wave shielding property (dB) as a positive value. With the measurement device of FIG. 1, a range of from 0 to approximately 100 dB can be measured. Cases in which the electromagnetic wave shielding property exceeded 80 dB are indicated in Table 1 by ">80 (dB)".




[0037] In Equation 3, S11 represent an S parameter showing a ratio of the reflected electric field intensity to the incident electric field intensity, and similar to S21, can be measured using the network analyzer.

[0038] The absorptivity was denoted as a percentage as expressed by the following formula on a basis of power. The absorptivity is shown in Table 1 as an electromagnetic wave absorbency.





[Table 1]
 UnitsExamplesComparative Examples
1234567891011121314151
Composition PP1 mass% 1.0 1.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 8.0 12.0 16.0 16.0 20.0 24.0 24.0 30.0 0.0
PP2 mass% 99.0 99.0 98.0 96.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 92.0 88.0 84.0 84.0 80.0 76.0 76.0 70.0 100.0
Stainless steel fiber ratio (R) mass% 0.5 0.5 1 2 3 3 3 4 6 8 8 10 12 12 15 0
Molded Article Thickness (T) mm 2 4 2 2 0.5 2 4 2 2 0.5 2 2 2 4 4 2
R·T - 1 2 2 4 1.5 6 12 8 12 4 16 20 24 48 60 0
Shielding property (dB) 70 GHz 13 16 27 51 10 70 >80 53 68 18 80 >80 >80 >80 >80 0
76 GHz 11 17 28 51 10 69 >80 55 72 18 >80 >80 >80 >80 >80 0
79 GHz 10 17 28 51 10 69 >80 55 73 18 >80 >80 >80 >80 >80 0
85 GHz 10 16 27 50 10 71 >80 55 71 18 >80 >80 >80 >80 >80 0
95 GHz 10 16 27 50 10 73 >80 54 70 19 >80 >80 >80 >80 >80 0
100 GHz 10 14 26 49 12 72 >80 54 69 21 >80 >80 >80 >80 >80 0
Absorbency (%) 76 GHz 87.4 95.3 95.0 70 55 49 71 49 30 44 25 26 27 29 26 0
79 GHz 86.4 94.6 95.7 71 54 49 71 51 30 42 26 27 25 26 25 0
85 GHz 87.4 94.8 98.3 76 56 55 77 55 31 45 28 29 29 32 27 0
95 GHz 89.0 96.4 98.5 79 78 64 83.9 52 28 71 26 27 45 50 40 0
100 GHz 87.5 94.4 98.3 77 83.9 59 81.6 52 30 75 29 31 36 39 29 0


[0039] As is clear from a comparison of the examples and the comparative example in Table 1, containing a predetermined amount of stainless steel fibers resulted in an excellent electromagnetic wave shielding property in the frequency range from 70 GHz to 100 GHz as well as excellent absorbency for electromagnetic waves having the frequency range from 76 GHz to 100 GHz. Furthermore, the electromagnetic wave shielding property improved as the content ratio of stainless steel became larger, but the electromagnetic wave absorbency was better with less stainless steel content.

Industrial Applicability



[0040] The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article of the present invention can be used for a millimeter wave radar device loaded in a vehicle for the purpose of enabling automated driving of the vehicle and preventing collisions, and for example, can be used in a shielding member (protective member for a transmitting and receiving antenna) that shields radio waves between the shielding member and a transmitting and receiving antenna control circuit for millimeter wave radar, in a housing for a millimeter wave radar device, and in a member for attaching a millimeter wave radar device, and can also be used in a housing for electrical and electronic equipment for a vehicle or for a device other than a vehicle. Furthermore, the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article of the present invention can be used as a protective member for a wireless LAN or broadband wireless access system, a communication satellite, simple radio communications, an on-board radar, or a position recognition system, and more specifically, can be used as a protective member that shields radio waves of a base station antenna, a remote radio head (RRH; radio transceiver device), a baseband unit (BBU) device, a base GaN power amplifier, an optical transceiver, or the like.


Claims

1. An electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article comprising a thermoplastic resin composition including stainless steel fibers,
a content ratio of the stainless steel fibers in the molded article being from 0.5 to 20 mass%, wherein
the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article has a thickness from 0.5 mm to 5 mm, and has a shielding property of 10 dB or greater and an absorbency of 25% or greater for electromagnetic waves having any frequency in a frequency domain from 59 GHz to 100 GHz.
 
2. The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to claim 1, wherein a fiber length of the stainless steel fibers contained in the thermoplastic resin composition is from 1 to 30 mm.
 
3. The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbent molded article according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the thermoplastic resin composition includes a thermoplastic resin-bonded fiber bundle having a length from 1 to 30 mm, in which stainless steel fibers aligned in a length direction are bundled and integrated with a thermoplastic resin with a content ration of the stainless steel fibers being from 20 to 80 mass%.
 
4. The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the electromagnetic wave shielding property and the electromagnetic wave absorbency are adjusted by setting (R-T) to be in a range from 0.5 to less than 6, or be equal to or greater than 6, (R·T) being a product of (R), which is a content ratio of carbon fibers in the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article, and (T), which is a thickness of the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article.
 
5. The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the shielding property and the absorbency of the electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article are for all frequencies from 76 GHz to 100 GHz.
 
6. The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the thermoplastic resin is one or more selected from polypropylenes, propylene unit-containing copolymers and modified products of the copolymers, styrene-based resins, polyphenylene sulfides, polyamides, polyethylene terephthalates, polybutylene terephthalates, and polycarbonates.
 
7. The electromagnetic wave shielding and absorbing molded article according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the electromagnetic shielding and absorbing molded article is a protective member for a transmitting and receiving antenna.
 




Drawing







Search report







Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description