(19)
(11)EP 3 706 652 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.12.2021 Bulletin 2021/52

(21)Application number: 18834070.7

(22)Date of filing:  07.11.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61B 17/3211(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A61B 17/3211; A61B 2017/32113
(86)International application number:
PCT/IT2018/000143
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/092760 (16.05.2019 Gazette  2019/20)

(54)

SAFETY SCALPEL

SICHERHEITSSKALPELL

BISTOURI DE SÉCURITÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 10.11.2017 IT 201700128663

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/38

(73)Proprietor: Chini, Andrea
00178 Roma (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • Chini, Andrea
    00178 Roma (IT)

(74)Representative: Cardelli, Guido 
c/o Rag. G. Gristina S.r.l. Via Tuscolana, 1334
00174 Roma
00174 Roma (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-96/27336
US-A- 3 688 407
US-A- 6 015 419
US-B2- 8 303 614
WO-A1-2016/197001
US-A- 5 620 455
US-A1- 2011 098 734
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a safety scalpel.

    Background Art



    [0002] US2011/0098734 A1 discloses a retractable safety knife having a hollow handle with an opening at one end thereof, a pusher that is movably disposed within the handle and is operable by a user, and a blade connected to the end of the pusher. When the pusher moves from a blade-retracted position to a blade-extended position, the blade extends outwardly from the handle opening. The handle has a longitudinal slot where a button protrudes from the slot, the button being provided at least with a downward projection. The longitudinal slot has at least two lateral notches corresponding to the retracted and, respectively, extended position of the blade. The button latches into one or the other position depending on the desired position. US2011/0098734 A1 shows that knives with a movable blade are known with respect to the handle with the use of a single hand; its mobility allows the protection of the blade when it is not used. Only one blade can be chosen at a time.

    [0003] US8303614 B2 discloses a lancet device, including an elongate central body having hollow ends; in each of them a needle holding element protected by a cap is pressed. US8303614 B2 proves that a device with two needles individually protected with a cap is known. The cap must be applied by using both hands.

    [0004] US6015419 discloses a surgical instrument comprising a hollow handle, retraction means for securably moving a scalpel blade between an extended, in-use position and a retracted, non-use position, and locking means for locking the retraction means in one of the two positions.

    [0005] US3688407 discloses a tool holder having a handle with a recess at one or both ends thereof, a wedge means which fits in the recess, a blade which is held between the recess and the wedge means, and a locking rod connected at one end to the wedge means and engaging a locking nut on its opposite end whereby the wedge means may be tightened in the recess to securely hold the blade.

    [0006] WO1996027336A1 discloses a scalpel handle which houses a retractable blade support adapted for engaging scalpel blades. The scalpel blade is extended and retracted by the surgeon's index finger as a natural part of the motion of receiving and handing off the scalpel handle, which features few moving parts to thereby provide ease of disassembly and sterilization. WO2016197001A1 discloses a retractable knife including a blade that is mounted on a blade mounting element, where the blade mounting element is located within and is slidably engaged with a handle. The blade is moved from a retracted to an exposed position upon pushing a button of the blade mounting element, which results in a cantilever arm bending downwards into an open space, and then pushing the element forward to move the blade outside of the protection afforded by the handle.

    [0007] US5620455 discloses a multi-function instrument for pedicure operations and manicure operations, which comprises a body having a grip region and a coupling region for one main blade-like tool. The instrument comprises one cap for covering the main tool connected to one secondary tool.

    [0008] Each of the above cited retractable blade systems has only one retractable surgical scalpel thanks to a prismatic guide located inside a protection member.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0009] The present invention aims to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art.

    [0010] An object of the present invention is to allow a choice between a pair of lancets, ensuring safety against accidental cuts that may occur when applying the protection cover of a lancet.

    [0011] Another object of the invention is to make a surgery most efficient, making available to the surgeon two different but equally protected lancets.

    [0012] Another object of the invention is to provide a safety scalpel with an ergonomic shape which facilitates its use.

    [0013] To solve these and other objects, the invention provides a safety scalpel comprising an elongated central body having opposite ends for respective lancets,

    wherein the elongated central body comprises a retractable lancet system connected at each of its opposite ends,

    wherein the retractable lancet system comprises:

    • a protection member having a slot with stop recesses, a distal opening and an opposite closed end that is connected to the elongated central body, and concentric thereto;
    • a prismatic guide concentric to the elongated central body that is located inside the protection member; and
    • a lancet holding member consisting of:

      a distal part in the form of a prismatic member in which a lancet is frontally inserted, and

      a proximal part formed by two parallel arms having an end integral with the prismatic member, a first arm of them being slidable in contact with the prismatic guide and a second arm carrying on a button protruding from the slot of the protection member and being provided with retaining elements intended to be received into the stop recesses of the slot. Further embodiments of the invention are defined by the dependent claims.



    [0014] Such a scalpel allows the surgeon to use either of the lancets in the same surgery, without any risk of injury in the passage of the scalpel between the surgeon and the scrub nurse, or while a lancet is being covered.

    [0015] As the scalpel has two lancets being alternately used, its passage from the surgeon to the scrub nurse takes place only once rather than twice, as happens when using a scalpel having only one lancet.

    [0016] The opening and closing of the protection member can be performed by using one hand.

    [0017] Advantageously, the lancets may be different from one another in order to perform different functions.

    [0018] Conveniently, the protection members are rotated 180 degrees with respect to each other around the axis of the elongated central body, so as to allow the change of lancet with its simple rotation, after the closure of the first protection member and after the opening of the second one.

    [0019] Suitably, the protection members are shaped flared towards their front opening in an ergonomic form for gripping.

    [0020] The opposed closed end of the protection members is connected to the elongated central body by a bayonet coupling, but, alternatively, another connecting means may be employed, for example screw or interlocking.

    [0021] The accuracy and stability of the stop recesses is guaranteed by the elastic behavior of the arm carrying on the button of the lancet holding member.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0022] Further features and advantages of the present invention will become most clear from the indicative, and therefore non-limiting, description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of a safety scalpel, as illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:
    • Figure 1 is a perspective view of the safety scalpel according to the invention;
    • Figure 2 is an enlarged exploded perspective view of the safety scalpel in Figure 1, representing only one protection member extracted from the elongated central body; Figures 3 and 4 are partially exploded perspective views of the protection member of Figure 2 with a lancet holding member in a retracted and, respectively, advanced position; and
    • Figure 5 is an assembled perspective view of the protection member in Figure 2 and of a part of the elongated central body from which it is separated.

    Description of invention embodiments



    [0023] Reference is first made to Figure 1, which is a perspective view of the safety scalpel according to the invention.

    [0024] The safety scalpel comprises an elongated central body 1 having opposite ends 2, 3. Connected to each of the opposite ends 2, 3 is a retractable lancet system comprising a protection member 4. Although the protection members are two, they are indicated with the same reference numeral and only one of them is described, being identical.

    [0025] Reference is made also to Figure 2 which is an enlarged exploded perspective view of the safety scalpel in Figure 1, representing only one protection member extracted from the elongated central body.

    [0026] The protection member 4 is formed of two equal parts or cheeks 5, 6 which can be closed on one another by means of pins generally indicated with 7 and corresponding holes indicated with 8. Made on one side of each cheek 5, 6 is a depression 9 with stop recesses 10, 11 facing the inside of the protection member 4. The two depressions 9 form a slot 12, when the cheeks 5, 6 are mounted one on the other, as shown in Figure 1.

    [0027] Referring to Figure 5, which is an assembled perspective view of the protection member in Figure 2 and of a part of the elongated central body from which it is separated, it is seen that, in the assembled arrangement, the protection member 4 has a front opening 13 and a closed opposite end 14 that is connected to the elongated central body 1 and is concentric thereto. The connection between the protection member 4 and the elongated central body 1 is made by a bayonet male coupling 15, which is inserted into a corresponding cavity 16 obtained in the elongated central body 1. Advantageously, also the bayonet male coupling 15 is formed by two halves 15a and 15b, as shown in Figures 3 and 4, which are partially exploded perspective views of the protection member in Figure 2 with a lancet holding member in a retracted and, respectively, advanced position. The cheeks 5 and 6 have a flared shape towards their front opening 13 and are provided with external projections 17 useful for an ergonomic grip of the scalpel.

    [0028] Inside each protection member 4 there is a prismatic guide concentric to the elongated central body 1. The prismatic guide is formed by two C-shaped elements 18 (Figure 2), having a reduced wing 19 to form the slot 12 (Figure 1) in correspondence with the depression 9 (Figures 2 to 4).

    [0029] Mounted inside the prismatic guide is a lancet holding member 20 concentric to the elongated central body 1. The lancet holding member 20 is constituted by a distal part 21 and a proximal part 22 with respect to the elongated central body 1. The distal part 21 is a prismatic member provided with a hole 23 in which a lancet 24 is inserted. The proximal part 22 is formed by two parallel arms 25, 26. The arm 25 is sliding in contact with the prismatic guide, while the arm 26 carries on a button 27 protruding from the slot 12 of the protection member 4. The button 27 is provided inferiorly with retaining elements 28 intended to be received in the stop recesses 10, 11 of the slot 12. The arm 26 is elastic so as to be able to flex with respect to the prismatic member of the distal part 21.

    [0030] In factory assembly, the lancet holding member 20 is inserted into a C-shaped element 18 of one of the cheeks 5 and 6, which are then closed one on the other. The protection members 4 are rotated 180 degrees relative to each other around the axis of the elongated central body 1, as shown in Figure 1. This is done to facilitate, in use, the extraction and retraction of the lancet 24 in the relevant protection member, when changing from one lancet to the other with the simple 180 degrees rotation of the scalpel that is carried out with one hand.

    [0031] In particular, the lancet 24 is extracted by sliding the button 27 from the proximal stop recess 11 to the distal stop recess 10, where it is held by means of its retaining elements 28.

    [0032] It should be understood that the intended objects of the invention are achieved, in particular that of providing a safe scalpel in use, which may allow a choice between a pair of lancets and make surgical intervention most efficient. The ergonomic shape that facilitates its use should not be underestimated. Although a type of connection between the protection member and the elongate central body has been described in detail, it is evident that this does not exclude that equivalent coupling means can be used.


    Claims

    1. A safety scalpel comprising an elongated central body (1) having opposite ends (2, 3) for respective lancets (24),

    wherein the elongated central body (1) comprises a retractable lancet system connected at each of its opposite ends (2, 3),

    wherein the retractable lancet system comprises:

    - a protection member (4) having a slot (12) with stop recesses (10, 11), a distal opening (13) and an opposite closed end (14) that is connected to the elongated central body (1), and concentric thereto;

    - a prismatic guide concentric to the elongated central body (1) that is located inside the protection member (4); and

    - a lancet holding member (20) consisting of:

    a distal part (21) in the form of a prismatic member in which the lancet (24) is frontally inserted, and

    a proximal part (22) formed by two parallel arms (25, 26) having an end integral with the prismatic member, a first arm (25) of them being slidable in contact with the prismatic guide and a second arm (26) carrying on a button (27) protruding from the slot (12) of the protection member (4) and being provided with retaining elements (28) intended to be received into the stop recesses (10, 11) of the slot (12).


     
    2. The safety scalpel according to claim 1, wherein the protection members (4) are rotated 180 degrees with respect to each other about the axis of the elongated central body (1).
     
    3. The safety scalpel according to claim 1, wherein the protection members (4) are flared toward their front opening (13) in an ergonomic shape for gripping.
     
    4. The safety scalpel according to claim 3, wherein the protection members (4) are formed by two cheeks (5, 6) having external projections (17).
     
    5. The safety scalpel according to claim 1, wherein the opposite closed end (14) of the protection members (4) is connected by a bayonet coupling (15) to the elongated central body (1).
     
    6. The safety scalpel according to claim 1, wherein the prismatic guide is formed by two C-shaped elements (18) having a wing (19) that is reduced to form the slot (12).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Sicherheitsskalpell umfassend einen länglichen Zentralkörper (1) mit gegenüberliegenden Enden (2, 3) für jeweilige Lanzetten (24),

    wobei der längliche Zentralkörper (1) ein einziehbares Lanzettensystem umfasst, das mit einem jeden seiner gegenüberliegenden Enden (2, 3) verbunden ist,

    wobei das einziehbare Lanzettensystem umfasst:

    - ein Schutzglied (4) aufweisend einen Schlitz (12) mit Anschlagaussparungen (10, 11), eine distale Öffnung (13) und ein gegenüberliegendes geschlossenen Ende (14), das mit dem länglichen Zentralkörper (1) verbunden und konzentrisch dazu ist;

    - eine prismatische Führung konzentrisch zu dem länglichen Zentralkörper (1), die sich innerhalb des Schutzglieds (4) befindet; und

    - ein Lanzettenhalteglied (20) bestehend aus:

    einem distalen Teil (21) in Form eines prismatischen Glieds, in den die Lanzette (24) frontal eingeführt ist, und

    einem proximalen Teil (22), der von zwei parallelen Armen (25, 26) gebildet wird, deren Ende einstückig mit dem prismatischen Glied ist, wobei ein erster Arm (25) von ihnen in Kontakt mit der prismatischen Führung verschiebbar ist und ein zweiter Arm (26) einen Knopf (27) trägt, der aus dem Schlitz (12) des Schutzglieds (4) herausragt und mit Halteelementen (28) versehen ist, die zur Aufnahme in die Anschlagaussparungen (10, 11) des Schlitzes (12) bestimmt ist.


     
    2. Sicherheitsskalpell nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Schutzglieder (4) um 180 Grad zueinander um die Achse des länglichen Zentralkörpers (1) gedreht sind.
     
    3. Sicherheitsskalpell nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Schutzglieder (4) zu ihrer vorderen Öffnung (13) in einer ergonomischen Form zum Greifen aufgeweitet sind.
     
    4. Sicherheitsskalpell nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Schutzglieder (4) durch zwei Wangen (5, 6) mit äußeren Vorsprüngen (17) gebildet sind.
     
    5. Sicherheitsskalpell nach Anspruch 1, wobei das gegenüberliegende geschlossene Ende (14) der Schutzglieder (4) durch eine Bajonettkupplung (15) mit dem länglichen Zentralkörper (1) verbunden ist.
     
    6. Sicherheitsskalpell nach Anspruch 1, wobei die prismatische Führung durch zwei C-förmige Elemente (18) mit einem zum Bilden des Schlitzes (12) reduzierten Flügel (19) gebildet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Bistouri de sécurité comprenant un corps central allongé (1) ayant des extrémités opposées (2, 3) pour des lancettes respectives (24),

    dans lequel le corps central allongé (1) comprend un système de lancettes rétractables connecté à chacune de ses extrémités opposées (2, 3),

    dans lequel le système de lancettes rétractables comprend :

    - un élément de protection (4) ayant une fente (12) avec des évidements d'arrêt (10, 11), une ouverture distale (13) et une extrémité fermée opposée (14) qui est reliée au corps central allongé (1), et concentrique à celui-ci ;

    - un guide prismatique concentrique au corps central allongé (1) qui est situé à l'intérieur de l'élément de protection (4) ; et

    - un élément de maintien de lancette (20) constitué de :

    une partie distale (21) en forme d'élément prismatique dans lequel la lancette (24) est insérée frontalement, et

    une partie proximale (22) formée par deux bras parallèles (25, 26) ayant une extrémité solidaire de l'élément prismatique, un premier bras (25) étant coulissant au contact du guide prismatique et un second bras (26) portant un bouton (27) dépassant de la fente (12) de l'organe de protection (4) et étant muni d'éléments de retenue (28) destinés à être reçus dans les évidements d'arrêt (10, 11) de la fente (12).


     
    2. Bistouri de sécurité selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les éléments de protection (4) sont tournés de 180 degrés les uns par rapport aux autres autour de l'axe du corps central allongé (1).
     
    3. Bistouri de sécurité selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les éléments de protection (4) sont évasés vers leur ouverture avant (13) selon une forme ergonomique pour la préhension.
     
    4. Bistouri de sécurité selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les éléments de protection (4) sont formés par deux joues (5, 6) présentant des saillies externes (17).
     
    5. Bistouri de sécurité selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'extrémité fermée opposée (14) des éléments de protection (4) est reliée par un accouplement à baïonnette (15) au corps central allongé (1).
     
    6. Bistouri de sécurité selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le guide prismatique est formé par deux éléments en forme de C (18) ayant une aile (19) qui est réduite pour former la fente (12).
     




    Drawing

















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description