(19)
(11)EP 3 708 396 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
16.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/38

(21)Application number: 18873909.8

(22)Date of filing:  02.11.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60H 1/34(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/113788
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/086006 (09.05.2019 Gazette  2019/19)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 06.11.2017 CN 201711079735

(71)Applicant: NIO Nextev Limited
Central, Hong Kong (HK)

(72)Inventor:
  • LI, Haiying
    Jiading Shanghai 201804 (CN)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 3
81675 München
81675 München (DE)

  


(54)AIR CONDITIONER AIR OUTLET STRUCTURE


(57) The present invention provides an air-conditioning air outlet structure. The structure includes: a shell, the shell includes a panel and a side plate, the panel serves as an interior trim part, a plurality of pinhole type air outlets are distributed on the panel of the shell, and the pinhole type air outlets are relatively sparsely distributed at positions near the air-conditioning air duct and are relatively densely distributed at positions far from the air-conditioning air duct. The structure improves the problem of uneven temperature in a vehicle caused by the centralized arrangement of air-conditioning air outlets and the smaller sizes of the air outlets, so that the air-conditioning air outlets discharge air within a large range, in this way, the temperature in the vehicle is more uniform, and the human body feels more comfortable.




Description

Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to an air-conditioning air outlet structure, in particular to an air-conditioning air outlet structure capable of discharging air within a large range.

Background of the Invention



[0002] At present, air-conditioning air outlets in vehicles are generally centralized, and the air-conditioning air outlets are relatively small, except for the air outlets, most of the other areas in the vehicles are interior structures. This arrangement mode leads to centralized air-out of air conditioners, such that the temperatures in the vehicles are not uniform, especially when the air conditioners are refrigerating, the cold wind directly blows on the bodies of passengers, which causes discomfort and severely causes pain on locations such as joints.

Summary of the Invention



[0003] The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the problems existing in the existing air-conditioning air outlet structure, and to provide an air-conditioning air outlet structure capable of discharging air within a large range. The technical problem to be solved is to improve the problem of uneven temperature in a vehicle caused by the centralized arrangement of air-conditioning air outlets and the smaller sizes of the air outlets, so that the air-conditioning air outlets discharge air within a large range, in this way, the temperature in the vehicle is more uniform, and the human body feels more comfortable.

[0004] The purpose of the present invention and the technical problems to be solved are achieved by the following technical solutions. An air-conditioning air outlet structure proposed according to the present invention includes: a shell, wherein the shell includes a panel and a side plate, the panel serves as an interior trim part, and pinhole type air outlets, wherein a plurality of pinhole type air outlets are provided and are distributed on the panel of the shell.

[0005] The purpose of the present invention and the technical problems to be solved can also be further achieved by the following technical measures.

[0006] The foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure further includes an air-conditioning air duct, and the air-conditioning air duct communicates with the inner cavity of the shell.

[0007] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, the pinhole type air outlets constitute an air outlet surface of the panel, and the closer the air outlet surface is to the air-conditioning air duct, the smaller the unit air outlet area is.

[0008] According to the conditioning air-conditioning air outlet structure, the pinhole type air outlets are relatively sparsely distributed at positions near the air-conditioning air duct and are relatively densely distributed at positions far from the air-conditioning air duct.

[0009] The foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure includes an a plurality of wind speed accelerators, and a plurality of wind speed accelerators are installed at places where the air volumes are relatively small in the shell for controlling the air volume, and are installed at corners in the shell for controlling the wind direction.

[0010] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, wherein the air-conditioning air duct is fixed on the vehicle body.

[0011] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, wherein an air-conditioning switching valve is arranged in the air-conditioning air duct for controlling the opening and closing of the air-conditioning air duct.

[0012] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, wherein an air duct partition plate is arranged on the inner side of the panel for controlling the wind direction, and the air duct partition plate is installed on the panel through bolts or a rotating shaft.

[0013] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, wherein a signal collection unit is arranged on the air duct partition plate.

[0014] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, wherein the air duct partition plate is installed on the panel through bolts.

[0015] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, wherein the air duct partition plate is installed on the panel through the rotating shaft.

[0016] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, wherein wind speed sensors are respectively arranged at different positions in the shell.

[0017] According to the foregoing air-conditioning air outlet structure, wherein the shell is further provided with a bottom plate, and a sealed cavity is formed in the shell.

[0018] By means of the above technical solutions, the present invention at least has the following advantages and beneficial effects:
  1. (1) The air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention includes the shell and the pinhole type outlets, the shell includes the panel and the side plate, a plurality of pinhole type air outlets are provided and are distributed on the panel of the shell, the shell can be fixed on the ceiling or side wall of the vehicle body, the panel replaces the interior trim part of the vehicle body in a large range, large-area air-out is achieved on the shell, so that the temperature in the vehicle is more uniform, and the human body feels more comfortable.
  2. (2) In the air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention, wherein the pinhole type air outlets are relatively sparsely distributed at positions near the air-conditioning air duct and are relatively densely distributed at positions far from the air-conditioning air duct, thereby reducing the difference in the air output at different positions of the shell, and the temperature in the vehicle is more uniform as a result.
  3. (3) The air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention includes the wind speed accelerators, the plurality of wind speed accelerators are installed at the corners of the shell or other places where the air volumes are relatively small, and by arranging the wind speed accelerators at places where the air volume are relatively small, the differences between the wind speeds and wind directions at different positions in the shell are reduced, and the temperature in the vehicle is more uniform as a result.
  4. (4) In the air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention, the air duct partition plate is fixed on the inner side of the panel, and the air duct partition plate is used for guiding the flow direction of the wind, so that the temperature in the vehicle is more uniform.


[0019] The above description is only an overview of the technical solutions of the present invention. In order to understand the technical means of the present invention more clearly, the present invention can be implemented in accordance with the contents of the specification, and in order to make the above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention more obvious and understandable, preferred embodiments are listed below and are descried in detail below in combination with drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0020] 

Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a plane structure of an air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a mounting structure of the air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of an internal structure of the air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention.

Reference Signs:
10: shell 20: air-conditioning air duct
11: pinhole type air outlet 30: vehicle body metal plate
12: panel    
13: wind speed accelerator    
14: air duct partition plate    
15: side plate    
16: mounting structure

Detailed Description of the Embodiments



[0021] In order to further illustrate the technical means and effects adopted in the present invention to achieve the intended purpose of the invention, specific embodiments, features and effects of an air-conditioning air outlet structure proposed in accordance with the present invention are described in detail below, in conjunction with the drawings and preferred embodiments.

[0022] The air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention is not limited to be applied to vehicles, but can be applied to any equipment or building on which the air outlet of the air conditioner needs to be installed.

[0023] Please refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention includes a shell 10 and pinhole-type air outlets 11, the shell 10 includes a panel 12 and a side plate 15, the side plate 15 forms the shape of a closed ring, when the shell 10 is installed on the top or side wall of the vehicle body, the shell 10 and the top or side wall of the vehicle body form an enclosed space, a plurality of pinhole-type air outlets 11 are provided and are distributed on the panel 12 of the shell 10, the size of the diameter of each pinhole-type air outlet 11 is adjusted according to actual needs, the panel 12 can replace the interior structure of the ceiling part or the interior structure of the side wall of the vehicle body except for the skylight, and can replace the interior trim parts within a large range, so that large-area air-out is realized, the temperature in the vehicle is more uniform, and the human body feels more comfortable.

[0024] In one embodiment, the air-conditioning air outlet structure further includes an air-conditioning air duct 20, and the air-conditioning air duct 20 communicates with the inner cavity of the shell 10, the air-conditioning air duct 20 is installed on a lateral C-pillar of the vehicle body, an air-conditioning switching valve is arranged in the air-conditioning air duct 20, an air-conditioning switch can be mechanically or electronically controlled, after the air-conditioning switching valve in the air-conditioning air duct 20 is opened, the air volume flows into the shell 10 and flows out from the pinhole type air outlets 11.

[0025] In one embodiment, the total areas of the pinhole type air outlets 11 are smaller at positions near the air-conditioning duct 20 and are greater at positions far from the air-conditioning duct 20, specifically, the pinhole type air outlets 11 are relatively sparsely distributed at positions near the main air duct and are relatively densely distributed at positions far from the main air duct, that is to say, the area of a single pinhole type air outlet 11 at the position near the main air duct is greater, and the area of a single pinhole type air outlet 11 at the position far from the main air duct is smaller, so that the air volume distribution is more uniform, an air duct partition plate 14 is fixed on the inner side of the panel 12, when the shell 10 is installed on the top or side wall of the vehicle body, the air duct partition plate 14 and the top or side wall of the vehicle body seal each other, no pinhole type air outlet 11 is formed in the area of the air duct partition plate 14, the air duct partition plate 14 is used for guiding and controlling the flow direction of wind, and a signal collection unit is arranged on the air duct partition plate 14 for collecting signals to be collected such as wind speed, wind direction or temperature or the like. A plurality of wind speed accelerators 13 are installed in the shell 10, the wind directions of the wind speed accelerators 13 are set as required, the air duct partition plate 14 and the wind speed accelerators 13 cooperate with each other, the wind speed accelerators 13 installed at the corners are used for controlling the wind direction, at the positions far from the air conditioning air duct 20, the wind speed is smaller, and the wind speed accelerators 13 installed at the positions where the wind speed is smaller are used for controlling the air volume, so that the air-out at different positions of the shell 10 is uniform.

[0026] Specifically, the air duct partition plate 14 can be installed on the panel 12 through bolts. In addition, the air duct partition plate 14 can also be integrally formed with the panel 12, or, the air duct partition plate 14 can be installed on the panel 12 through a rotating shaft.

[0027] In one embodiment, air speed sensors are respectively arranged at the air outlets of the wind speed accelerators 13 in the shell 10, at the top end of the air duct partition plate 14, at positions far from the air conditioning air duct 20 in the shell, and in the middle area of the shell 10, so as to collect the wind speeds at different positions in the shell 10.

[0028] In one embodiment, the bottom of the side plate 15 of the shell 10 is used for connecting with the top or side wall of the vehicle body, a sealing device is arranged between the side plate 15 and the top or side wall of the vehicle body to avoid air leakage, or, the shell 10 is further provided with a bottom plate, and the panel 12, the side plate 15 and the bottom plate form a sealed shell to avoid air leakage.

[0029] As shown in Fig. 2, a plurality of mounting structures 16 are arranged on the side plate 15 of the shell 10, the air-conditioning air outlet structure of the present invention is installed on a vehicle body metal plate 30 through the plurality of mounting structures 16 to replace the interior structure of the ceiling part or the interior structure of the side wall of the vehicle body except for the skylight, and interior structures are still arranged at positions that cannot be replaced by the interior trim parts in the vehicle body.

[0030] The above descriptions are only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and do not limit the present invention in any form. Although the present invention has been disclosed in the preferred embodiments as above, the preferred embodiments are not used for limiting the present invention, anyone skilled familiar with this art can make some changes or modifications by using the technical contents disclosed above to serve as equivalent embodiments of equivalent changes, without departing from the scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, and any simple modifications, equivalent changes and modifications made to the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the present invention, without departing from the contents of the technical solutions of the present invention, still fall within the scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.


Claims

1. An air-conditioning air outlet structure, comprising:

a shell (10), wherein the shell (10) comprises a panel (12) and a side plate (15), the panel (12) serves as an interior trim part, and

pinhole type air outlets (11), wherein a plurality of pinhole type air outlets (11) are provided and are distributed on the panel (12) of the shell (10).


 
2. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 1, further comprising:
an air-conditioning air duct (20), wherein the air-conditioning air duct (20) communicates with the inner cavity of the shell (10).
 
3. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 2, wherein the pinhole type air outlets (11) constitute an air outlet surface of the panel (12), and the closer the air outlet surface is to the air-conditioning air duct (20), the smaller the unit air outlet area is.
 
4. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 3, wherein:
the pinhole type air outlets (11) are relatively sparsely distributed at positions near the air-conditioning air duct (20) and are relatively densely distributed at positions far from the air-conditioning air duct (20).
 
5. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 1, comprising:
a plurality of wind speed accelerators (13), wherein a plurality of wind speed accelerators (13) are installed at places where the air volumes are relatively small in the shell (10) for controlling the air volume, and are installed at corners in the shell (10) for controlling the wind direction.
 
6. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 2, wherein:
an air-conditioning switching valve is arranged in the air-conditioning air duct (20) for controlling the opening and closing of the air-conditioning air duct (20).
 
7. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 1, wherein:
an air duct partition plate (14) is arranged on the inner side of the panel (12) for controlling the wind direction, and the air duct partition plate (14) is installed on the panel (12) through bolts or a rotating shaft.
 
8. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 7, wherein a signal collection unit is arranged on the air duct partition plate (14).
 
9. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 1, wherein:
wind speed sensors are respectively arranged at different positions in the shell (10).
 
10. The air-conditioning air outlet structure according to claim 1, wherein:
the shell (10) is further provided with a bottom plate, and a sealed cavity is formed in the shell (10).
 




Drawing













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