(19)
(11)EP 3 712 541 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
23.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/39

(21)Application number: 18928989.5

(22)Date of filing:  24.12.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F25B 30/06(2006.01)
F25B 41/04(2006.01)
F25B 49/02(2006.01)
F25B 13/00(2006.01)
F25B 47/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/123015
(87)International publication number:
WO 2020/103271 (28.05.2020 Gazette  2020/22)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 20.11.2018 CN 201811382510

(71)Applicant: Qingdao Haier Air-Conditioning Electronic Co., Ltd
Qingdao, Shandong 266101 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHANG, Hongliang
    Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Jie
    Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • ZHAO, Lei
    Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • XIE, Jipei
    Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • LIU, Qiankun
    Shandong 266101 (CN)
  • XU, Zhiqiang
    Shandong 266101 (CN)

(74)Representative: dompatent von Kreisler Selting Werner - Partnerschaft von Patent- und Rechtsanwälten mbB 
Deichmannhaus am Dom Bahnhofsvorplatz 1
50667 Köln
50667 Köln (DE)

  


(54)HEAT PUMP SYSTEM


(57) Embodiments of the present disclose disclose a heat pump system, which belongs to the field of heat pump unit technologies. The heat pump system includes a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor, and further includes a switching communication device and a first electric valve; wherein an exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor is connected to a first interface of the switching communication device through a first check valve, and an air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor is connected to a third interface of the switching communication device; and the first electric valve is arranged in parallel with the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor. According to the above embodiments, by using the switching communication device, the heating function of magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor units is realized; at the same time, by setting the first electric valve, which is turned on before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor is on to adjust a differential pressure between a high-pressure side and a low-pressure side of the compressor or is turned on before the compressor is off to reduce the shutdown pressure ratio, the compressor can run smoothly.




Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



[0001] The application is based upon and claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 201811382510.4, filed November 20, 2018, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] The present disclosure relates to the field of air conditioning device technologies, and more particularly, to a heat pump system.

BACKGROUND



[0003] Conventional air-cooled magnetic levitation centrifugal water chiller units using a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor cannot withstand drastic changes in pressure, do not have reliable cooling and heating switching solutions, and cannot solve the problem of defrosting in the heating process.

[0004] In the prior art, an air-cooled screw heat pump system uses a four-way reversing valve to switch between cooling and heating conditions. However, when a defrosting operation of the units is performed, the air-cooled screw heat pump system need to operate according to a refrigeration cycle and turn off a fan; during the switching of the cooling and heating conditions and a reverse cycle the defrosting process, the pressure on air suction and exhaust sides of the units changes drastically, and thus the air-cooled screw heat pump system cannot be applied to magnetic levitation centrifugal units.

SUMMARY



[0005] Embodiments of the present disclose provide a heat pump system, which enables the magnetic levitation centrifugal units to perform the defrosting operation quickly and stably while having cooling and heating functions. In order to have a basic understanding of some aspects of the disclosed embodiments, a brief summary is given below. This summary is not a general comment, nor is it intended to identify key/important constituent elements or describe the scope of protection of these embodiments. The sole purpose thereof is to present some concepts in a simplified form as a preface to the following detailed description.

[0006] According to the embodiments of the present disclose, there is provided a heat pump system.

[0007] In some embodiments, the heat pump system including a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor, further including a switching communication device and a first electric valve; wherein an exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor is connected to a first interface of the switching communication device through a first check valve, and an air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor is connected to a third interface of the switching communication device; and the first electric valve is arranged in parallel with the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor.

[0008] According to the above embodiments, by using the switching communication device, the heating function of magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor units is realized; at the same time, by setting the first electric valve, which is turned on before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor is on to adjust a differential pressure between a high-pressure side and a low-pressure side of the compressor and is turned on before the compressor is off to reduce the shutdown pressure ratio, the compressor can run smoothly.

[0009] It should be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory only and are not intended to limit the present disclosure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0010] The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this description, illustrate embodiments consistent with the present disclosure and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the present disclosure.

Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a heat pump system according to an embodiment.

Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a heat pump system according to another embodiment.

Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a heat pump system according to another embodiment.

Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a heat pump system according to another embodiment.

Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a heat pump system according to another embodiment.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0011] The following description and accompanying drawings fully illustrate the specific implementation solutions of the present disclosure so that a person skilled in the art can practice them. The embodiments merely represent possible changes. Unless otherwise specified explicitly, the individual component and function are optional and the operation sequence may be changed. Parts and characteristics of some implementation solutions may be included in or replace parts and characteristics of other implementation solutions. The scope of the implementation solutions of the present disclosure includes the whole scope of the claims and all available equivalents of the claims. As used herein, each implementation solution may be independently or generally expressed by "present disclosure", which is merely for convenience. As a matter of fact, if more than one disclosure is disclosed, it does not mean that the scope of the application is automatically limited to any single disclosure or disclosure concept. As used herein, terms such as "first" and "second" are merely for distinguishing one entity or operation from another entity or operation and do not require or imply any actual relationship or sequence among these entities or operations. Moreover, terms such as "comprise" and "include" or any other variants indicate a non-exclusive inclusion, so that a process, method or device including a series of elements not only include these elements, but also include other elements not explicitly listed. As used herein, each embodiment is described progressively, and contents focally described in each embodiment are different from those in other embodiments. The same or similar parts among each of the embodiments may be referred to each other. Regarding a structure, a product and the like disclosed in the embodiments, since they are corresponding to parts disclosed in the embodiments, their description is relatively simple and relevant contents can be referred to the description in the method part.

[0012] Fig. 1 shows an embodiment of a heat pump system.

[0013] In this embodiment, the heat pump system includes a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, and further includes a switching communication device 3 and a first electric valve 14.

[0014] An exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a first interface of the switching communication device 3 through a first check valve 2, and an air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a third interface of the switching communication device 3.

[0015] The first electric valve 14 is arranged in parallel with the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 for reducing a differential pressure between a high side and a low side when the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on and off.

[0016] Optionally, a second interface of the switching communication device 3 is connected to a gas-liquid separator 4, and the gas-liquid separator 4 is connected to an evaporator 13; the gas-liquid separator 4 is further sequentially connected to a heat exchange component and a flash tank 9, and the heat exchange component is further connected to the first check valve 2; a gas outlet of the flash tank 9 is connected to a middle air supplementation port of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1; the flash tank 9 is further sequentially connected to a liquid storage tank 12 and the evaporator 13; and the evaporator 13 is connected to a fourth interface of the switching communication device 3.

[0017] Optionally, a second electric valve 15 is provided on a pipeline between the gas-liquid separator 4 and the evaporator 13 for reducing the unit load.

[0018] Optionally, the heat exchange component includes a conduction device 5, a heat exchanger 6, a filter 7 and a first electronic expansion valve 8 connected in sequence, wherein the conduction device 5 is controllably connected to the first check valve 2 and the heat exchanger 6, or the gas-liquid separator 4 and the heat exchanger 6; and the first electronic expansion valve 8 is connected to the flash tank 9. Optionally, the heat exchange component is a plurality of heat exchange components arranged in parallel.

[0019] Optionally, the heat pump system further includes a control device, including:

a first unit for controlling turn-on and turn-off of the first electric valve 14; and

a second unit for controlling the switching communication device 3 to be turned on according to a running instruction.



[0020] Optionally, after the first unit controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned on, the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 executes a startup instruction or a shutdown instruction; and after the startup instruction or the shutdown instruction is executed, the first unit controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned off.

[0021] Optionally, when the running instruction is a first mode running instruction, the second unit controls the first interface of the switching communication device 3 to be connected to the second interface of the switching communication device 3, and the third interface of the switching communication device 3 to be connected to the fourth interface of the switching communication device 3; and when the running instruction is a second mode running instruction, the second unit controls the first interface of the switching communication device 3 to be connected to the fourth interface of the switching communication device 3, and the second interface of the switching communication device 3 to be connected to the third interface of the switching communication device 3.

[0022] Optionally, the control device further includes a third unit, and when the running instruction is the second mode running instruction, the third unit controls a conduction device 5 to be connected to the first check valve 2 and a heat exchanger 6, or a gas-liquid separator 4 and the heat exchanger 6.

[0023] Optionally, when the heat exchanger 6 needs to be defrosted, the third unit controls the conduction device 5 to be connected to the first check valve 2 and the heat exchanger 6.

[0024] Optionally, the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor may include one or more compressors. By adopting high pressure ratio two-stage magnetic levitation centrifugal compressors and optimizing the design of the system, the problem that the air-cooled magnetic levitation centrifugal water chiller units in the prior art can only be cooled and cannot be heated can be solved well; on the other hand, many problems that conventional air-cooled screw heat pump screw units and air-cooled scroll heat pump units have low performance coefficients, high noise, difficult heating and oil return, and the influence of lubricating oil on heat exchange performance can also be solved, and thus obvious advantages such as high efficiency, high reliability, low noise and good heating comfort are reflected.

[0025] According to the embodiment shown in Fig. 1, by using the switching communication device 3, the heating function of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor units is realized; at the same time, by setting the first electric valve 14, which is turned on before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on to adjust a differential pressure between a high-pressure side and a low-pressure side of the compressor and is turned on before the compressor is off to reduce the shutdown pressure ratio, the compressor can run smoothly.

[0026] In another embodiment, the control device further includes a fourth unit for logically controlling an opening degree of the second electric valve 15. Optionally, when an environment temperature is lower than a first threshold, the opening degree of the second electric valve 15 is controlled logically to reduce the pressure ratio of the units and maintain the operation of the units. Optionally, when the units are operating under high pressure ratio working conditions, before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down, the fourth unit logically controls the second electric valve 15 to be turned on to reduce the pressure ratio of the units, thereby enabling the compressor to operate safely and stably.

[0027] Fig. 2 shows another embodiment of a heat pump system.

[0028] In this embodiment, the heat pump system includes a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, and further includes a switching communication device 3 and a first electric valve 14.

[0029] An exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a first interface of the switching communication device 3 through a first check valve 2, and an air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a third interface of the switching communication device 3.

[0030] The first electric valve 14 is arranged in parallel with the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 for reducing a differential pressure between a high side and a low side when the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on and off.

[0031] Optionally, the switching communication device 3 includes an electric four-way valve. When the units are shut down, the electric four-way valve is used to switch between cooling and heating, so as to avoid compressor failure caused by severe changes of high and low pressures when switching a four-way reversing valve during the operation of the compressor.

[0032] Optionally, a second interface of the switching communication device 3 is connected to a gas-liquid separator 4, and the gas-liquid separator 4 is connected to an evaporator 13; the gas-liquid separator 4 is further sequentially connected to a heat exchange component and a flash tank 9, and the heat exchange component is further connected to the first check valve 2; a gas outlet of the flash tank 9 is connected to a middle air supplementation port of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 through a first solenoid valve 16; the flash tank 9 is further sequentially connected to a liquid storage tank 12 and the evaporator 13; and the evaporator 13 is connected to a fourth interface of the switching communication device 3.

[0033] Optionally, a second electric valve 15 is provided on a pipeline between the gas-liquid separator 4 and the evaporator 13 for reducing the pressure ratio of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1.

[0034] Optionally, the heat exchange component includes a conduction device 5, a heat exchanger 6, a filter 7 and a first electronic expansion valve 8 connected in sequence, wherein the conduction device 5 is controllably connected to the first check valve 2 and the heat exchanger 6, or the gas-liquid separator 4 and the heat exchanger 6; and the first electronic expansion valve 8 is connected to the flash tank 9.

[0035] Optionally, the heat pump system further includes temperature sensors 18 and pressure sensors 17 respectively provided on the air suction pipe and the exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1. The pressure sensor 17 is used to detect the pressure of the units, when the units are operating under high pressure ratio working conditions, the second electric valve 15 is controlled to be turned on logically before executing a shutdown instruction.

[0036] Optionally, the heat pump system further includes a temperature sensor 18 disposed between the heat exchanger 6 and the filter 7 for detecting an environment temperature to determine whether the heat exchanger 6 needs to perform a defrosting operation.

[0037] Optionally, the heat pump system further includes a drying filter 11 and a second electronic expansion valve 10 connected in series between the liquid storage tank 12 and the flash tank 9 for filtering impurities and throttling respectively.

[0038] According to the embodiment shown in Fig. 2, by using the switching communication device 3, the heating function of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor units is realized; at the same time, by setting the first electric valve 14, which is turned on before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on to adjust a differential pressure between a high-pressure side and a low-pressure side of the compressor and is turned on before the compressor is off to reduce the shutdown pressure ratio, the compressor can run smoothly. On the one hand, the electric four-way valve is used to switch cooling and heating cycles of the units when the compressor is shut down, which has no impact on the compressor completely, thereby realizing cooling and heating dual-mode working conditions of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 and having higher reliability; on the other hand, the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 providing with gearless and rolling bearings is used, ultra-high pneumatic and mechanical efficiency are reflected through frequency conversion adjustment, therefore, the heat pump system is oil-free cycle, which solves the problems of the heat exchange efficiency and the frosting speed and the like caused by large viscosity of lubricating oil when a temperature of a fin heat exchanger 6 is relatively low during the heating.

[0039] In another embodiment, the control device further includes a fourth unit for logically controlling an opening degree of the second electric valve 15. Optionally, when an environment temperature is lower than a first threshold, the opening degree of the second electric valve 15 is logically controlled to reduce the pressure ratio of the units and maintain the operation of the units. Optionally, when the units are operating under high pressure ratio working conditions, before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down, the fourth unit logically controls the second electric valve 15 to be turned on to reduce the pressure ratio of the units, thereby enabling the compressor to operate safely and stably.

[0040] In another embodiment, the conduction device 5 includes an electric three-way valve, wherein a first interface of the electric three-way valve is connected to the gas-liquid separator 4 through a pipeline, a second interface of the electric three-way valve is connected to the heat exchanger 6 through a pipeline, a third interface of the electric three-way valve is connected to the first check valve 2 through a pipeline, and thus a pipeline between the heat exchanger 6 and the first check valve 2 or a pipeline between the heat exchanger 6 and the gas-liquid separator 4 can be controllably conducted. Optionally, the conduction device 5 includes a first two-way solenoid valve and a second two-way solenoid valve, wherein the first two-way solenoid valve is connected in series on the pipeline between the gas-liquid separator 4 and the heat exchanger 6, the second two-way solenoid valve is connected in series on the pipeline between the heat exchanger 6 and the first check valve 2, and thus the heat exchanger 6 and the gas-liquid separator 4 or the heat exchanger 6 and the first check valve 2 are controllably conducted.

[0041] Fig. 3 shows another embodiment of a heat pump system.

[0042] In this embodiment, the heat pump system includes a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, and further includes a switching communication device 3 and a first electric valve 14, wherein an exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a first interface of the switching communication device 3 through a first check valve 2, an air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a third interface of the switching communication device 3, and the first electric valve 14 is arranged in parallel with the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 for reducing a differential pressure between a high side and a low side when the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on and off.

[0043] Referring to Fig. 3, when the running instruction is a first mode running instruction, and the heat pump system enters a cooling mode, the specific connection relation of the heat pump system is as follows.

[0044] A first unit controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned on; a second unit controls the first interface of the switching communication device 3 to be connected to a second interface of the switching communication device 3, and the third interface of the switching communication device 3 to be connected to a fourth interface of the switching communication device 3, so that the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on; and the first unit logically controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned off after the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on.

[0045] The heat pump system starts to cool, a low-temperature and low-pressure medium is discharged through the exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, and becomes a high-temperature and high-pressure superheated gas; the gaseous medium passes through the first check valve 2, enters through the first interface of the switching communication device 3, is discharged from the second interface of the switching communication device 3, and enters a heat exchange component after entering a gas-liquid separator 4 through a pipeline. Specifically, the gaseous medium in the heat exchange component enters a heat exchanger 6 through a conduction device 5, and transfers heat to air through heat exchange; at this time, the gaseous medium is condensed into a high-temperature and high-pressure liquid, and becomes a saturated medium after being throttled by a first electronic expansion valve 8, which is divided into a liquid state and a gaseous state after entering into a flash tank 9; the liquid medium is output from the flash tank 9 and throttled again by a second electronic expansion valve 10, enters an evaporator 13 through a drying filter 11 and a liquid storage tank 12, becomes a low-temperature superheated gaseous medium after evaporation and heat absorption, enters through a fourth interface of the switching communication device, is discharged from the third interface the switching communication device, and returns to the air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 through a pipeline, the system continuously circulates cold water to dissipate heat into the air; after being output from the flash tank 9, the gaseous medium passes through a first solenoid valve 16, enters a middle air supplementation port of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 through a pipeline, and is mixed with a refrigerant having completed a first-stage compression to perform a second-stage compression, so that a temperature of the refrigerant entering the second-stage compression is reduced, and meanwhile, a suction amount of the second-stage compression is increased, thereby increasing a cooling amount of the units.

[0046] When the heat pump system receives a shutdown instruction, the first unit controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned on, the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 executes the shutdown instruction, and the first unit controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned off logically after the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down.

[0047] According to the embodiment shown in Fig. 3, by setting the first electric valve 14, which is turned on before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on to adjust a differential pressure between a high-pressure side and a low-pressure side of the compressor and is turned on before the compressor is off to reduce the shutdown pressure ratio, the compressor can run smoothly. On the other hand, the gaseous medium is directly introduced into the middle air supplementation port of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, mixed with the refrigerant having completed the first-stage compression, and then subjected to the second-stage compression, so that the temperature of the refrigerant entering the second-stage compression is reduced, and meanwhile, the suction amount of the second-stage compression is increased, thereby increasing the cooling amount of the units and improving the cooling capacity of the units.

[0048] In another embodiment, when pressure sensors 17 provided in front of and behind the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 detect that the units are operating under high pressure ratio working conditions, before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down, a fourth unit logically controls the second electric valve 15 to be turned on to reduce the pressure ratio of the units, so that the compressor can operate safely and stably; after the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down, the fourth unit controls the second electric valve 15 to be turned off logically.

[0049] Fig. 4 shows another embodiment of a heat pump system.

[0050] In this embodiment, the heat pump system includes a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, and further includes a switching communication device 3 and a first electric valve 14, wherein an exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a first interface of the switching communication device 3 through a first check valve 2, an air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a third interface of the switching communication device 3, and the first electric valve 14 is arranged in parallel with the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 for reducing a differential pressure between a high side and a low side when the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on and off.

[0051] Referring to Fig. 4, when the running instruction is a second mode running instruction and the heat pump system enters a heating mode, the specific connection relation of the heat pump system is as follows.

[0052] A first unit controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned on; a second unit controls the first interface of the switching communication device 3 to be connected to a fourth interface of the switching communication device 3, and a second interface of the switching communication device 3 to be connected to the third interface of the switching communication device 3, so that the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on; and the first unit logically controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned off after the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on.

[0053] The heat pump system starts to heat, a low-temperature and low-pressure medium is discharged through the exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, and becomes a high-temperature and high-pressure superheated gas; the gaseous medium passes through the first check valve 2, enters through the first interface of the switching communication device 3, is discharged from the fourth interface of the switching communication device 3, and enters an evaporator 13 through a pipeline. The gaseous medium is condensed into a high-temperature and high-pressure liquid through heat exchange in the evaporator 13, passes through a liquid storage tank 12 and a drying filter 11 in sequence, and becomes a saturated medium after being throttled by a second electronic expansion valve 10, which is divided into a liquid state and a gaseous state after entering into a flash tank 9; the liquid medium enters a heat exchange component after being output from the flash tank 9, that is, after being throttled again by a first electronic expansion valve 8, the liquid medium enters a heat exchanger 6 through filter 7, becomes a low-temperature superheated gas after evaporation and heat absorption, enters gas-liquid separator 4 through a conduction device 5, enters from the second interface of the switching communication device 3 and is discharged from the third interface of the switching communication device 3, and returns to the air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 through a pipeline, the system continuously absorbs heat in the air to circulate to make hot water; after being output from the flash tank 9, the gaseous medium passes through a first solenoid valve 16, enters a middle air supplementation port of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 through a pipeline, and is mixed with a refrigerant having completed a first-stage compression to perform a second-stage compression, so that a temperature of the refrigerant entering the second-stage compression is reduced, and meanwhile, a suction amount of the second-stage compression is increased, thereby increasing a heating amount of the units.

[0054] When the heat pump system receives a shutdown instruction, the first unit controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned on, the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 executes the shutdown instruction, and the first unit controls the first electric valve 14 to be turned off logically after the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down.

[0055] According to the embodiment shown in Fig. 4, by using the switching communication device 3, the heating function of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor units is realized; at the same time, by setting the first electric valve 14, which is turned on before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on to adjust a differential pressure between a high-pressure side and a low-pressure side of the compressor and is turned on before the compressor is off to reduce the shutdown pressure ratio, the compressor can run smoothly. On the other hand, the gaseous medium is directly introduced into the middle air supplementation port of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, mixed with the refrigerant having completed the first-stage compression, and then subjected to the second-stage compression, so that the temperature of the refrigerant entering the second-stage compression is reduced, and meanwhile, the suction amount of the second-stage compression is increased, thereby increasing the heating amount of the units and improving the heating capacity of the units.

[0056] In another embodiment, when pressure sensors 17 provided in front of and behind the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 detect that the units are operating under high pressure ratio working conditions, before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down, a fourth unit logically controls the second electric valve 15 to be turned on to reduce the pressure ratio of the units, so that the compressor can operate safely and stably; after the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down, the fourth unit controls the second electric valve 15 to be turned off logically.

[0057] In another embodiment, when temperature sensors 18 provided in front of and behind the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 detect that the units are operating in the heating mode under low temperature conditions, the fourth unit logically controls the second electric valve to be turned on to reduce the pressure ratio of the units and maintain the operation of the units.

[0058] Fig. 5 shows another embodiment of a heat pump system.

[0059] In this embodiment, the heat pump system includes a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1, and further includes a switching communication device 3 and a first electric valve 14, wherein an exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a first interface of the switching communication device 3 through a first check valve 2, an air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is connected to a third interface of the switching communication device 3, and the first electric valve 14 is arranged in parallel with the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 for reducing a differential pressure between a high side and a low side when the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is on and off.

[0060] Optionally, when the running instruction is a second mode running instruction and the heat pump system enters a heating mode, temperature sensors 18 provided on pipelines detect an environment temperature. When the temperature sensor 18 disposed between a heat exchanger 6 and a filter 7 detects that the environment temperature is relatively low, a control device logically determines to defrost the heat exchanger 6 that needs to be defrosted.

[0061] Referring to Fig. 5, when the heat exchanger 6 is defrosted, the specific connection relation of the heat pump system is: a fan 19 of the heat exchanger 6 is turned off, a third unit controls a conduction device 5 to switch to connect the first check valve 2 and the heat exchanger 6. At this time, since one end of the conduction device 5 is connected to a high-pressure pipeline provided before the first check valve 2 and the switching communication device 3 through pipelines, and the other end of the conduction device 5 is connected to the heat exchanger 6, the other end of the heat exchanger 6 is connected to a flash tank 9 through a pipeline; at this time, the pressure in the flash tank 9 is lower than that in the high-pressure pipeline provided before the first check valve 2 and the switching communication device 3, a high-temperature and high-pressure medium discharged from the exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 enters the heat exchanger 6 for condensation and heat exchange, the temperature of the heat exchanger 6 rises and the frost melts, thereby achieving the purpose of defrosting; the condensed liquid medium is returned to the flash tank 9 through the filter 7 and a first electronic expansion valve 8 to continue participating in the cycle.

[0062] In the defrosting process, the heat pump system still maintains the heating mode, performs a heating cycle, and does not absorb heat from an evaporator 13 for defrosting.

[0063] According to the embodiment shown in Fig. 5, when a certain heat exchanger 6 in the system meets defrosting conditions, the third unit controls conduction device 5 to switch to the heat exchanger 6 that needs to be defrosted, that is, the system runs in the cooling mode and the fan 19 for defrosting stops. Since other heat exchangers 6 still maintain a heating cycle, the pressure change of the system is relatively small, the stable operation of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is ensured and the defrosting problem of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is solved; meanwhile, since the water temperature change in the defrosting process is relatively small, user comfort is improved. On the other hand, when the heat exchanger 6 is defrosted, the refrigerant is directly connected to the flash tank 9 through the first electronic expansion valve 8 of a liquid return pipeline, therefore, the flow rate of the refrigerant is accurately controlled, the liquid discharge speed is improved, the liquid storage amount of the heat exchanger 6 in the defrosting process is reduced, the temperature rise speed of the fin heat exchanger 6 is accelerated to quickly melt the ice layer on fins, and the defrosting time is shortened. Compared with other hot gas bypass defrosting solutions, the defrosting speed of the embodiment of the present disclosure is faster.

[0064] In another embodiment, when a plurality of heat exchangers 6 in a plurality of heat exchange components need to be defrosted, only the heat exchangers 6 in one group of heat exchange components are defrosted at a time, and other heat exchangers 6 satisfying the conditions are defrosted after the defrosting of the heat exchangers 6 is completed. Optionally, the defrosting is carried out one by one among a plurality of heat exchange components to be defrosted according to the order from first to last when the defrosting conditions are met, and the third unit controls the conduction device 5 in the heat exchange component in which the third unit is located one by one to carry out pipeline communication. Optionally, when a plurality of heat exchangers 6 in a plurality of heat exchange components need to be defrosted, the defrosting is performed one by one according to the temperature value detected by the temperature sensor 18 in each heat exchange component in the order from low to high, and the third unit controls the conduction device 5 in the heat exchange component in which the third unit is located one by one to carry out pipeline communication. Since only one fin heat exchanger 6 is switched at a time, the pressure change of the system is relatively small, the stable operation of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is ensured and the defrosting problem of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is solved.

[0065] In another embodiment, when pressure sensors 17 provided in front of and behind the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 detect that the units are operating under high pressure ratio working conditions, before the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down, a fourth unit logically controls the second electric valve 15 to be turned on to reduce the pressure ratio of the units, so that the compressor can operate safely and stably; after the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 is shut down, the fourth unit controls the second electric valve 15 to be turned off logically.

[0066] In another embodiment, when temperature sensors 18 provided in front of and behind the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor 1 detect that the units are operating in the heating mode under low temperature conditions, the fourth unit logically controls the second electric valve to be turned on to reduce the pressure ratio of the units and maintain the operation of the units.

[0067] In another embodiment, the conduction device 5 includes an electric three-way valve, wherein a first interface of the electric three-way valve is connected to the gas-liquid separator 4 through a pipeline, a second interface of the electric three-way valve is connected to the heat exchanger 6 through a pipeline, a third interface of the electric three-way valve is connected to the first check valve 2 through a pipeline, and thus a pipeline between the heat exchanger 6 and the first check valve 2 or a pipeline between the heat exchanger 6 and the gas-liquid separator 4 can be controllably conducted. Optionally, the conduction device 5 includes a first two-way solenoid valve and a second two-way solenoid valve, wherein the first two-way solenoid valve is connected in series on the pipeline between the gas-liquid separator 4 and the heat exchanger 6, the second two-way solenoid valve is connected in series on the pipeline between the heat exchanger 6 and the first check valve 2, and thus the heat exchanger 6 and the gas-liquid separator 4 or the heat exchanger 6 and the first check valve 2 are controllably conducted.

[0068] In the embodiments disclosed by the present disclosure, it should be understood that the disclosed products (including but not limited to apparatus and device) may be implemented in other manners. For example, the described apparatus embodiment is merely an example. For example, the unit division is merely logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual couplings or direct couplings or communication connections may be implemented by using some interfaces. The indirect couplings or communication connections between the apparatuses or units may be implemented in electronic, mechanical, or other forms. Some or all of the units may be selected based on actual requirements to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

[0069] It should be understood that, the present disclosure is not limited to the flowchart and structures described above and shown in the accompanying drawings, and various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the scope. The scope of the present disclosure is limited only by the appended claims.


Claims

1. A heat pump system comprising a magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor, further comprising a switching communication device and a first electric valve; wherein
an exhaust pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor is connected to a first interface of the switching communication device through a first check valve, and an air suction pipe of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor is connected to a third interface of the switching communication device; and
the first electric valve is arranged in parallel with the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor.
 
2. The heat pump system according to claim 1, wherein a second interface of the switching communication device is connected to a gas-liquid separator, and the gas-liquid separator is connected to an evaporator; the gas-liquid separator is further sequentially connected to a heat exchange component and a flash tank, and the heat exchange component is further connected to the first check valve; a gas outlet of the flash tank is connected to a middle air supplementation port of the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor; the flash tank is further sequentially connected to a liquid storage tank and the evaporator; and the evaporator is connected to a fourth interface of the switching communication device.
 
3. The heat pump system according to claim 2, wherein a second electric valve is provided on a pipeline between the gas-liquid separator and the evaporator for reducing the unit load.
 
4. The heat pump system according to claim 2, wherein the heat exchange component comprises a conduction device, a heat exchanger, a filter and a first electronic expansion valve connected in sequence, wherein the conduction device is controllably connected to the first check valve and the heat exchanger, or the gas-liquid separator and the heat exchanger; and the first electronic expansion valve is connected to the flash tank.
 
5. The heat pump system according to claim 2, wherein the heat exchange component is a plurality of heat exchange components arranged in parallel.
 
6. The heat pump system according to claim 1, wherein the heat pump system further comprises a control device, comprising:

a first unit for controlling turn-on and turn-off of the first electric valve; and

a second unit for controlling the switching communication device to be turned on according to a running instruction.


 
7. The heat pump system according to claim 6, wherein after the first unit controls the first electric valve to be turned on, the magnetic levitation centrifugal compressor executes a startup instruction or a shutdown instruction; and after the startup instruction or the shutdown instruction is executed, the first unit controls the first electric valve to be turned off.
 
8. The heat pump system according to claim 6, wherein when the running instruction is a first mode running instruction, the second unit controls the first interface of the switching communication device to be connected to the second interface of the switching communication device, and the third interface of the switching communication device to be connected to the fourth interface of the switching communication device; and
when the running instruction is a second mode running instruction, the second unit controls the first interface of the switching communication device to be connected to the fourth interface of the switching communication device, and the second interface of the switching communication device to be connected to the third interface of the switching communication device.
 
9. The heat pump system according to claim 8, wherein the control device further comprises a third unit, and when the running instruction is the second mode running instruction, the third unit controls a conduction device to be connected to the first check valve and a heat exchanger, or a gas-liquid separator and the heat exchanger.
 
10. The heat pump system according to claim 9, wherein when the heat exchanger needs to be defrosted, the third unit controls the conduction device to be connected to the first check valve and the heat exchanger.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description