(19)
(11)EP 3 725 752 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
21.10.2020 Bulletin 2020/43

(21)Application number: 18872300.1

(22)Date of filing:  19.12.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C04B 24/12(2006.01)
C04B 103/61(2006.01)
C04B 103/65(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/121945
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/086052 (09.05.2019 Gazette  2019/19)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 04.06.2018 CN 201810567436

(71)Applicant: Zhang, Yuwen
Shandong 266011 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • Zhang, Yuwen
    Shandong 266011 (CN)

(74)Representative: Hryszkiewicz, Danuta 
Matthias Scholl, Inc. Friedrichstrasse 123
10117 Berlin
10117 Berlin (DE)

  


(54)CONCRETE WATERPROOFING AGENT


(57) A concrete waterproofing agent, made of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 1-60 parts of ferric ammonium sulphate; 1-30 parts of glacial acetic acid; 1-40 parts of 8-hydroxquinoline; 1-50 parts of sodium pyrosulphate. The waterproofing and anti-corrosion agent produces a ferric hydroxide colloid at an appropriate time during cement hydration, and the colloid blocks micro-gaps, so as to achieve good waterproofing performance and an ability to resist corrosive media such as chloride ions, sulphate ions and carbon dioxide, in order to significantly increase the service life of concrete.


Description


[0001] The disclosure relates to a waterproofing agent for concrete.

[0002] The disclosure relates to the field of concrete. The concrete includes micro-cracks being a basic characteristic thereof. Currently, the anticorrosive waterproof agents sold in the market fail to fill the micro-cracks in the concrete, which leads to leakage and invasion of harmful substances through the micro-cracks. GB 50119-2013 Code for utility technical of concrete admixture points that ferric chloride as an anticorrosive waterproofing agent is mixed with water to yield ferric hydroxide colloids to fill the micro-cracks. However, the production of the ferric hydroxide colloids is asynchronous with the formation of the concrete, so that the ferric chloride is not an ideal waterproofing agent. Expansive material can cause a beneficial increase in volume of concrete, but fails to decisively reduce or fill the micro-cracks. Properties of organic compounds are greatly different from that of inorganic compounds in the concrete, so different that the organic compounds cannot act as crystal nucleuses whose growth is induced by the edges and corners of the cement particles, and also cannot properly fill and block the micro-cracks. Some researchers make the effort to provide waterproof and corrosion protection for the concrete by reducing the surface tension and the drying shrinkage of the concrete, and minimize the cracks in the concrete. But the effects of the above methods are just the same as an expansive agent that fails to change the basic characteristic: fairly large numbers of micro-cracks in the concrete.

[0003] The disclosure provides a waterproofing agent for concrete, which effectively improve the leakage and erosion resistance of concrete.

[0004] To achieve the abovementioned objective, the following technical solution is adopted. Ferric ions (trivalent) are combined with three ligands comprising glacial acetic acid, 8-hydroxyquinoline, and sodium pyrosulfate to form a complex compound. The changes of the pH value and concentration of the cement aqueous solution of concrete are recorded as indicating parameters to start the reaction process to form Fe(OH)3 colloids. That is, the Fe(OH)3 colloids are not produced immediately after water is added to the cement, when the concentration of the aqueous solution of the cement in the concrete increases by about 2-3 times, the reaction process is initiated to form Fe(OH)3 colloids.

[0005] Advantages of the disclosure are as follows:
  1. 1. By analyzing the change of the concentration of the aqueous solution in the concrete, the waterproofing agent of the disclosure can control the production time of the ferric hydroxide colloids, thus avoiding the instant generation of the ferric hydroxide colloids once the ferric chloride waterproof agent contacts water.
  2. 2. The ferric hydroxide colloids are produced in the micro-cracks and the edges and corners of the cement particles induce the growth of crystal nucleuses, thereby blocking the micro-cracks and preventing the ingress of water molecular and other corrosive substances into the concrete.
  3. 3. The anticorrosive waterproof mechanism provides a clear and known procedure for analysis of the solution in the concrete, leading to a desired anticorrosive waterproof effect on increasing the performances of the concrete.
  4. 4. The waterproofing agent of the disclosure is a no-pollution green product that is not harmful to the environment or human body.
  5. 5. The process for preparing the waterproofing agent is simple, and the reagents required for preparing the waterproofing agent are used in small amounts.


[0006] To further illustrate, embodiments detailing a waterproofing agent for concrete are described below. It should be noted that the following embodiments are intended to describe and not to limit the disclosure.

[0007] The disclosure provides a waterproofing agent for concrete comprising:

1-60 parts by weight of ferric ion;

1-30 parts by weight of acetate ion;

1-40 parts by weight of 8-hydroxyquinoline; and

1-50 parts by weight of pyrosulfate ion.


Example 1



[0008] A waterproofing agent for concrete comprises 29 parts by weight of ammonium ferric sulfate, 3.6 parts by weight of glacial acetic acid, 4.4 parts by weight of 8-hydroxyquinoline, and 24 parts by weight of sodium pyrosulphate.

Example 2



[0009] A waterproofing agent for concrete comprises 9.7 parts by weight of ammonium ferric sulfate, 1.2 parts by weight of glacial acetic acid, 1.4 parts by weight of 8-hydroxyquinoline, and 8 parts by weight of sodium pyrosulphate.

Example 3



[0010] A waterproofing agent for concrete comprises 9.8 parts by weight of ferric chloride, 3.6 parts by weight of glacial acetic acid, and 4.4 parts by weight of 8-hydroxyquinoline.

Example 4



[0011] A waterproofing agent for concrete comprises 12 parts by weight of ferric sulfate, 3.6 parts by weight of glacial acetic acid, 4.4 parts by weight of 8-hydroxyquinoline, and 24 parts by weight of sodium pyrosulphate.

[0012] The raw materials of the waterproofing agent are easily available and environmentally friendly. The equipment and the process for preparing the waterproofing agent are simple. The usage of mixing waterproofing agent with the concrete is the same as other concrete admixtures.

[0013] The ferric ion is provided by ferric chloride, ammonium ferric sulfate, ferric sulfate, polyferric sulfate, or a mixture thereof.

[0014] The acetate ion is provided by glacial acetic acid, or a mixture containing the glacial acetic acid.

[0015] The pyrosulfate ion is provided by sodium pyrosulphate, or a mixture containing the sodium pyrosulphate.

[0016] The ligating atoms, i.e. oxygen atoms and nitrogen atoms, are provided by 8-hydroxyquinoline, methyl 8-hydroxyquinoline, or a combination thereof.


Claims

1. A composition of matter, comprising: 1-60 parts by weight of ferric ion; 1-30 parts by weight of acetate ion; 1-40 parts by weight of 8-hydroxyquinoline; and 1-50 parts by weight of pyrosulfate ion.
 
2. The composition of claim 1, characterized in that the ferric ion is provided by ferric chloride, ammonium ferric sulfate, ferric sulfate, polyferric sulfate, or a mixture thereof.
 
3. The composition of claim 1, characterized in that the acetate ion is provided by glacial acetic acid, or a mixture containing the glacial acetic acid.
 
4. The composition of claim 1, characterized in that the pyrosulfate ion is provided by sodium pyrosulphate, or a mixture containing the sodium pyrosulphate.
 
5. The composition of claim 1, characterized in that the ligating atoms, i.e. oxygen atoms and nitrogen atoms, are provided by 8-hydroxyquinoline, methyl 8-hydroxyquinoline, or a combination thereof.
 





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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description