(19)
(11)EP 3 725 856 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
21.10.2020 Bulletin 2020/43

(21)Application number: 19169362.1

(22)Date of filing:  15.04.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C09D 183/04(2006.01)
D06N 3/12(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: CHT Germany GmbH
72072 Tübingen (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZAPF, Ralf
    72144 Dusslingen (DE)
  • SEITZER, Dennis
    72800 Eningen unter Achalm (DE)

(74)Representative: Vos, Derk 
Maiwald Patentanwalts- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH Elisenhof Elisenstraße 3
80335 München
80335 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
Amended claims in accordance with Rule 137(2) EPC.
 


(54)SILICONE PREPARATION SUITABLE FOR THE PREPARATION OF MULTILAYER COMPOSITE


(57) The present invention relates to a first kit comprising a composition (a) and a composition (b), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) are spatially separated from each other and composition (a) and composition (b) comprise
(A-1) 100-350 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having terminal alkenyl groups and a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more;
(A-2) 25-100 parts by weight of an organohydrogenpolysiloxane having 5-300 siloxane repeating units, of which 2-100 repeating unit have Si-H bonds;
(A-3) 0-150 parts by weight of hydrophobized silica that optionally has alkenyl groups on its surface;
(A-4) 0-40 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having at least two alkenyl groups per molecule and having a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more;
(A-5) 0.1-1000 ppm of a hydrosilylation catalyst comprising a transition metal, expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);

(B-1) 200-450 parts by weight of a silicone resin containing at least one group -SiR9bY3-b, wherein
R9 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms, that is optionally substituted with an acryloyl group, a methacryloyl group, or a combination of these;
Y is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
b is 0, 1 or 2;

(B-2) 25-125 parts by weight of an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein
R6 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms,
X is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
a is 0, 1 or 2, and
the polymer backbone is selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester;

(B-3) 0-25 parts by weight of a silane component selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein
R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms and
R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and;

(B-4) 0.5-5 % by weight of a condensation reaction catalyst, relative to the total weight of components (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3);
(C) 150-400 parts by weight of a filler;
wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b),
with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (a) and composition (b):
(A-2) and (A-5);
(B-4) and one or more of (B-1), (B-2), (B-3).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to silicone preparations that are suitable for the manufacture of a cured material, in particular in the form of a layer of a multilayer composite, and kits comprising two compositions suitable for producing said silicone preparations.

Background of the Invention



[0002] Leather is a tough, wear-resistant and hence durable material that can be used in many applications. It is relatively impermeable to water in liquid state, but at the same sufficiently permeable to gases such as air and water vapour, i.e. it is breathable, and it is soft, supple and pleasant to the touch. Therefore, it has been a very popular and desired material in the manufacture of various goods such as functional and decorative footwear and clothing as well as furniture, in particular upholstry and automobile seats. However, the manufacture of leather is elaborate and costly and, as any natural material, its quality may vary depending on the quality of the material (animal rawhide) from which it is manufactured.

[0003] Therefore, leather substitutes have been developed which mimic the advantageous properties of leather. These substitutes are commonly referred to as artificial leather and usually involve a coating of polyurethane (PU) or polyvinylchloride (PVC) applied to a textile backing, wherein additional layers of polymers may be present on the textile backing. Artificial leather can combine the advantageous properties of natural leather, in particular wear-resistance and the soft and pleasant touch (also referred to as "hand"), with additional advantages such as its reduced requirement for maintenance. Furthermore, it is possible to adjust the properties of artificial leather by suitably adjusting the polymers used. It is thus possible to prepare an artificial leather having properties such as hydrophobicity and hence the wettability that can scarcely be imparted to natural leather. The term "artificial leather" hence relates to a multilayer composite that can have a vast array of different properties which do not necessarily resemble the properties of natural leather. In this regard, it would be more appropriate to refer to such materials as multilayer composites.

[0004] A major drawback of the use of PU or PVC coatings in the manufacture of artificial leather is that organic solvents such as dimethylformamide, methyl ethyl ketone, toluene, alcohols or mixtures of these are used. These solvents can be harmful to human health and, therefore, measures have to be taken in order to avoid release to the working environment during manufacture and in order to remove any solvent from the artificial leather product such that solvent release from the final product can be prevented. These measures are complex and costly.

[0005] Furthermore, PU is generally prone to hydrolysis. Thus, when an artificial leather manufacture from PU is exposed to moisture over a prolonged period of time, the PU may undergo hydrolysis which results in a deterioration of the material. PU also has poor stain resistance, i.e. it is easily soiled and frequent washing is required.

[0006] In addition, PU and PVC generally have the drawback that recycling and processing of waste of these materials generates decomposition products such as hydrogen chloride, dioxins, hydrogen cyanide and the like which are hazardous to flora and fauna including human beings.

[0007] Multilayer composite manufactured from silicone polymers has been developed in order to overcome the shortcomings related to PU and PVC artificial leather and such a multilayer composite is also referred to as silicone leather. Silicone leather usually comprises an uppermost layer of a silicone composition on a substrate. The substrate usually is a flat textile material that can optionally have one or more coating layers on one or both of its surfaces. The layer of a silicone composition can be formed by curing a curable silicone preparation. A multilayer composite comprising a layer of said silicone composition can essentially be prepared according to two methods, namely (i) a direct coating method and (ii) a transfer coating method.

[0008] The direct coating method is characterized in that the sequence of layers of the multilayer composite is formed on a substrate layer by layer, i.e. forming a first layer by applying a first curable silicone preparation on a surface of the substrate in the form of a layer, curing the first curable silicone preparation, then, optionally, forming an intermediate layer by applying a further curable silicone preparation in the form of a layer on the surface of the first layer and curing it, wherein this step can be repeated if it is intended to form two or more intermediate layers, and forming a topcoat layer by applying a curable topcoat silicone preparation in the form of a layer on the surface of the intermediate layer if an intermediate layer is present or on the surface of the first layer and curing the curable topcoat silicone preparation.

[0009] The transfer coating method is characterized in that the sequence of layers of the multilayer composite is formed on a transfer sheet layer by layer in reversed order, i.e. the topcoat layer is formed on the surface of the transfer sheet, optionally one or more intermediate layers are formed on the surface of the topcoat layer, then the substrate is applied by placing the substrate on the curable silicone preparation from which the preceding layer (i.e. intermediate layer or topcoat layer, as the case may be) is formed and the curable silicone preparation from which the preceding layer is formed is cured. As the last step, the transfer sheet can be removed from the topcoat layer of the multilayer composite thus formed.

[0010] In order to be suitable for time-efficient manufacturing processes, it is desirable that the silicone preparation cures quickly after it has been applied irrespective of whether a direct coating method or a transfer coating method is used. The reason is that the layer of the curable silicone preparation formed on a surface has to become dimensionally stable and must no longer be tacky before it comes into contact with the next processing device (such as a roller) or is wound to a roll. The faster the layer of the curable silicone preparation becomes dimensionally stable and no longer tacky, the faster can the processing step of coating and any previous and subsequent processing step be carried out, i.e. the higher the throughput of the entire process. The properties of a multilayer composite are influenced by essentially all layers of the multilayer composite. While surface properties such as haptic properties ("hand") are governed by the uppermost layer, which forms the surface of the material, overall mechanical properties such as bending resistance result from all layers of a multilayer composite in combination.

[0011] US 2015/0165745 A1 (Daewoo International Corporation) relates to to a method for manufacturing synthetic leather using liquid silicone rubber coating solutions. The liquid silicone rubber comprises a linear siloxane having terminal vinyl groups and linear siloxane having Si-H groups. The liquid silicone rubber is cured by a hydrosilylation reaction, i.e. by an addition reaction in the presence of a platinum catalyst. The liquid silicone rubber can also contain alumina hydrate, titanium dioxide, or silica in order to improve heat resistance and flame retardancy. The silica particles can be surface-modified by bonding trimethylsily groups and/or dimethyl vinylsilyl groups to the surface.

[0012] EP 3 231 606 A1 (Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.) a method for producing a fabric substrate molded product coated with silicone rubber, wherein the silicone rubber comprises (i) an organopolysiloxane containing at least two silicon-bonded alkenyl groups per molecule, (ii) an organohydrogenpolysiloxane containing at least two silicon-bonded hydrogen atoms per molecule, (iii) a silicone resin having R3SiO1/2 units and SiO4/2 units and, optionally, R2SiO2/2 units and RSiO32 units, wherein each R can inter alia represent a hydrocarbon groups having 1 to 8 carbon atoms such as a phenyl group, an alkyl group, a halogen-substituted alkyl group, an alkenyl group, and (iv) an addition reaction catalyst such as platinum black, platinic chloride, reaction products of chloroplatinic acid with monohydric alcohols, complexes of chloroplatinic acid and olefins, and platinum bisacetoacetate, palladium catalysts, and rhodium catalysts.

[0013] US 2018/0202100 A1 (Salirone Inc.) discloses a multicolored silicone synthetic leather prepared by coating a suspension of colored silica in a liquid silicone rubber on a textile substrate, wherein the liquid silicone rubber is prepared by mixing a vinyl silicone oil, a silicone oil containing hydrogen and a platinum catalyst.

[0014] However, despite earlier research efforts, the desire persists to have available a silicone preparation that is suitable for being applied onto a material and being quickly cured in order to obtain a multilayer composite by means of an efficient process which multilayer composite furthermore has properties such as mechanical stability (such as abrasion resistance and bending resistance), light resistance, aging resistance and pleasant hand.

[0015] The present invention has been accomplished in order to meet this desire.

Brief Description of the Invention



[0016] In a first aspect, the present invention relates to a first kit comprising two compositions which compositions are suitable for preparing a cured material by mixing the compositions with each other and allowing the mixture to react. The kit hence comprises composition (a) and (b), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) are spatially separated from each other and composition (a) and composition (b) comprise components as defined in claim 1.

[0017] In a second aspect, the present invention relates to a first silicone preparation obtainable by mixing composition (a) and composition (b) of the first kit according to the first aspect of the present invention.

[0018] In a third aspect, the present invention relates to a method of curing the first silicone preparation, wherein curing is effected by heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C.

[0019] In a fourth aspect, the present invention relates to a first cured material obtainable by curing the first silicone preparation according to the third aspect of the present invention.

[0020] In a fifth aspect, the present invention relates to a second kit comprising two compositions which compositions are suitable for preparing a cured material by mixing the compositions with each other and allowing the mixture to react. The kit hence comprises composition (c) and (d), wherein composition (c) and composition (d) are spatially separated from each other and composition (c) and composition (d) comprise components as defined in claim 5.

[0021] In a sixth aspect, the present invention relates to a second silicone preparation obtainable by mixing composition (c) and composition (d) of the second kit according to the fifth aspect of the present invention.

[0022] In a seventh aspect, the present invention relates to a method of curing the second silicone preparation, wherein curing is effected by heating the second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C.

[0023] In an eighth aspect, the present invention relates to a second cured material obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation according to the sixth aspect of the present invention.

[0024] In a ninth aspect, the present invention relates to a multilayer composite comprising a backing material, the first cured material of the fourth aspect of the invention and the second cured material according to the eighth aspect of the invention.

[0025] In a tenth aspect, the present invention relates to a method of preparing the multilayer composite according to the ninth aspect of the invention, which method is as defined in any one of claims 11, 12, 13 and 14.

[0026] The present invention is also described in the following with reference to preferred embodiments.

Detailed description of the Invention


Aspect (1): First kit comprising composition (a) and composition (b)



[0027] According to the first aspect, the present invention relates to a first kit comprising two compositions which kit is described in the following. The kit comprises a composition (a) and a composition (b), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) are spatially separated from each other. Composition (a) and composition (b) comprise reactive components which are suitable for forming a first cured material by means of chemical reactions which take place when said composition (a) and said composition (b) are mixed to form a first silicone preparation and optionally heating said first silicone preparation. Said chemical reactions which result in curing of the first silicone preparation are (i) a transition metal-catalyzed hydrosilylation reaction between an olefinic carbon-carbon double bond and a hydrogen-silicon bond and (ii) a condensation reaction between two silicon-alkoxy groups, a silicon-alkoxy group and a silicon-hydroxyl group, or two silicon-hydroxyl groups which results in the formation of a silicon-oxygen-silicon moiety. The transition metal-catalyzed hydrosilylation reaction can be regarded as representing an addition reaction of a hydrogen-silicon bond across an olefinic carbon-carbon double bond. Within the framework of the present invention, it is also referred to these chemical reactions (i) and (ii) as "addition reaction" (the transition metal-catalyzed hydrosilylation reaction) and "condensation reaction".

[0028] In order to prevent undesired premature curing reactions of some of the components used in the present invention, it is necessary to store these components spatially separated from each other, i.e. such that contact of these components is prevented. Therefore, these components are formulated as two compositions which are provided as a kit.

[0029] The first kit comprises a composition (a) and a composition (b), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) are spatially separated from each other and composition (a) and composition (b) comprise

(A-1) 100-350 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having terminal alkenyl groups and a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more;

(A-2) 25-100 parts by weight of an organohydrogenpolysiloxane having 5-300 siloxane repeating units, of which 2-100 repeating unit have Si-H bonds;

(A-3) 0-150 parts by weight of hydrophobized silica that optionally has alkenyl groups on its surface;

(A-4) 0-40 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having at least two alkenyl groups per molecule and having a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more;

(A-5) 0.1-1000 ppm of a hydrosilylation catalyst comprising a transition metal, expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);

(B-1) 200-450 parts by weight of a silicone resin containing at least one group -SiR9bY3-b, wherein
R9 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms, that is optionally substituted with an acryloyl group, a methacryloyl group, or a combination of these;
Y is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms, b is 0, 1 or 2;

(B-2) 25-125 parts by weight of an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein
R6 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms,
X is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
a is 0, 1 or 2, and
the polymer backbone is selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester;

(B-3) 0-25 parts by weight of a silane component selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein
R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms and
R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-; and

(B-4) 0.5-5 % by weight of a condensation reaction catalyst, relative to the total weight of components (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3);

(C) 150-400 parts by weight of a filler;
wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b),
with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (a) and composition (b): (A-2) and (A-5); (B-4) and one or more of (B-1), (B-2), (B-3).



[0030] In preferred embodiments, the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) is at least 80 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b), preferably at least 85 % by weight, more preferably at least 90 % by weight, even more preferably at least 95 % by weight, still more preferably at least 97 % by weight or even 98 % by weight and most preferably 100 % by weight.

[0031] In the first kit, the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is preferably in the range of 0.9-7, more preferably 1-6, even more preferably 1-5, still more preferably 1-3, most preferably 1-2.5 .

[0032] In preferred embodiments, composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 150-300 parts by weight of (A-1) and/or 50-90 parts by weight of (A-2) and/or 20-100 parts by weight of (A-3) and/or 5-20 parts by weight of (A-4) and/or 220-400 parts by weight of (B-1) and/or 0-125 parts by weight of (B-2) and/or 0-15 parts by weight of (B-3) and/or 200-350 parts by weight of (C).

[0033] In more preferred embodiments, composition (a) and composition (b) comprise
150-300 parts by weight of (A-1),
50-90 parts by weight of (A-2),
20-100 parts by weight of (A-3), and
5-20 parts by weight of (A-4).

[0034] In alternative more preferred embodiments, composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 220-400 parts by weight of (B-1),
30-125 parts by weight of (B-2), and
0-15 parts by weight of (B-3).

[0035] In even more preferred embodiments, composition (a) and composition (b) comprise
150-300 parts by weight of (A-1),
50-90 parts by weight of (A-2),
20-100 parts by weight of (A-3),
5-20 parts by weight of (A-4),
220-400 parts by weight of (B-1),
30-125 parts by weight of (B-2), and
0-15 parts by weight of (B-3).

[0036] In the following, the components of composition (a) and composition (b) of the first kit according to the first aspect of the invention are described.

(A-1) Linear organopolysiloxane having terminal alkenyl groups



[0037] Component (A-1) is a linear organopolysiloxane having terminal alkenyl groups and a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more. As the organopolysiloxane is linear and the alkenyl groups are terminal, it is clear that each molecule contains two alkenyl groups.

[0038] In preferred embodiments, component (A-1) is a linear organopolysiloxane of formula (I)

        R2-(Si(R1)2)-(O-Si(R1)2)p-(O-Si(R1)2)-R2     (I),

wherein

each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms,

each R2 independently represent a linear alkenyl group having 2-6 carbon atoms, and p represents a numerical value in the range of 30-2000.



[0039] Preferably, each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms, more preferably each R1 independently represents methyl or ethyl.

[0040] Preferably, each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2-4 carbon atoms, more preferably each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 or 3 carbon atoms, even more preferably a linear alkenyl group having 2 carbon atoms.

[0041] Preferably, p represents a numerical value in the range of 40 to 1800, more preferably 50 to 1600, even more preferably 60 to 1400, still more preferably 70 to 1000.

[0042] In more preferred embodiments, each R1 represents methyl, each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 carbon atoms and p represents a numerical value in the range of 40-1800, preferably 50-1400, more preferably 60-1000, even more preferably 70-800, most preferably 80-600.

[0043] Preferably, component (A-1) has a weight-average molecular weight Mw of 3000-100000 g/mol, more preferably 4000-70000 g/mol, even more preferably 5000-40000 g/mol and most preferably 5000-30000 g/mol.

[0044] The molecular weight distribution of component (A-1) is not particularly limited and can be narrow or broad. The molecular weight distribution can be monomodal, bimodal or trimodal. For instance, viscosity of component (A-1) can be adjusted by suitably adjusting the molecular weight distribution of the component. The viscosity can be adjusted by mixing two or more compounds representing embodiments of component (A-1). By mixing two or more compounds representing embodiments of component (A-1), bimodal or trimodal molecular weight distribution can be set which can be advantageous in order to control viscosity of the component and viscosity of a composition comprising said component. This is known to the skilled person.

(A-2) Organohydrogenpolysiloxane



[0045] Component (A-2) is an organohydrogenpolysiloxane having 5-300 siloxane repeating units, of which 2-100 repeating unit have Si-H bonds. Component (A-2) can have a linear structure, a cyclic structure, a branched structure or a three-dimensional network structure.

[0046] In preferred embodiments, component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II)

        R3qHrSiO(4-q-r)/2     (II)

wherein

q and r each are numerical values fulfilling the conditions





R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms.



[0047] Preferably, q and r each are numerical values fulfilling the conditions





more preferably q and r each are numerical values fulfilling the conditions







[0048] In more preferred embodiments, component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II) in which R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms, wherein even more preferably R3 independently represents a methyl group or an ethyl group, most preferably a methyl group.

[0049] In other preferred embodiments, component (A-2) is an organohydrogenpolysiloxane comprising at least one terminal SiH group as represented by -(O-Si(R3)2)-H, at least one non-terminal SiH group as represented by -(O-SiHR3)-, at least one non-terminal SiH2 group as represented by -(O-SiH2)-, or a combination of these. Thus, component (A-2) can be a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane selected from the group consisting of formula (IIIa), formula (IIIb), formula (IVa), formula (IVb), formula (IVc) or a combination of these,

        H-(Si(R3)2)-(O-Si(R3)2)s-(O-Si(R3)2)-H     (IIIa),

wherein
s is a numerical value in the range of 5-300;

        H-(Si(R3)2)-{(O-SiHR3)t1(O-Si(R3)2)s1}-(O-Si(R3)3)     (IIIb),

wherein

s1 is a numerical value in the range of 0-300,

t1 is a numerical value in the range of 1-200, and

the curly brackets {} indicate that the sequence of the repeating units -(O-SiHR3)- and -(O-Si(R3)2)- relative to each other is not limited;



        ((R3)3Si)-{-(O-SiHR3-)t2-(O-Si(R3)2-)s2}-(O-Si(R3)3)     (IVa),

wherein

s2 is a numerical value in the range of 0-300,

t2 is a numerical value in the range of 2-100, and

the curly brackets {} indicate that the sequence of the repeating units -(O-SiHR3)- and -(O-Si(R3)2)- relative to each other is not limited;



        ((R3)3Si)-{-(O-Si(R3)2-)s3-(O-SiH2-)t3}-(O-Si(R3)3)     (IVb),

wherein,

s3 is a numerical value in the range of 0-300

t3 is a numerical value in the range of 1-50, and

the curly brackets {} indicate that the sequence of the repeating units -(O-SiH2)- and -(O-Si(R3)2)- relative to each other is not limited;



        ((R3)3Si)-{-(O-Si(R3)2-)s4-(O-SiH(R3)-)t4-(O-SiH2-)t5}-(O-Si(R3)3)     (IVc),

wherein,

s4 is a numerical value in the range of 0-300,

t4 is a numerical value in the range of 1-99,

t5 is a numerical value in the range of 1-49,

2 ≤ t4 + 2·t5 ≤ 100, and

the curly brackets {} indicate that the sequence of the repeating units -(O-SiH2)-, -(O-SiHR3)- and -(O-Si(R3)2)- relative to each other is not limited;

and wherein
each R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms, preferably 1-3 carbon atoms, more preferably a methyl group or an ethyl group and most preferably a methyl group.

[0050] In more preferred embodiments, component (A-2) is (i) a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane of formula (IIIa), wherein s is a numerical value in the range of 10-200, or (ii) a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane of formula (IVa), wherein s2 is a numerical value in the range of 10-200, and t2 is a numerical value in the range of 2-50, or (iii) a combination of these.

[0051] In even more preferred embodiments, component (A-2) is (i) a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane of formula (III), wherein s is a numerical value in the range of 15-150, or (ii) a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane of formula (IVa), wherein s2 is a numerical value in the range of 15-150 and t2 is a numerical value in the range of 2-25, or (iii) a combination of these.

[0052] Component (A-2) preferably has a content of Si-H groups of 0.1-15 mmol/g, more preferably 0.3-2.5 mmol/g.

[0053] The molecular weight distribution of component (A-2) is not particularly limited and can be narrow or broad. The molecular weight distribution can be monomodal, bimodal or trimodal. For instance, viscosity of component (A-2) can be adjusted by suitably adjusting the molecular weight distribution of the component. The viscosity can be adjusted by mixing two or more compounds representing embodiments of component (A-2). By mixing two or more compounds representing embodiments of component (A-2), bimodal or trimodal molecular weight distribution can be set which can be advantageous in order to control viscosity of the component and viscosity of a composition comprising said component. This is known to the skilled person.

(A-3) Hydrophobized silica



[0054] Component (A-3) is hydrophobized silica that optionally has alkenyl groups on its surface.

[0055] In preferred embodiments, component (A-3) is a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-16 carbon atoms and preferably 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkenyl groups having 2-16 carbon atoms and preferably 2-4 carbon atoms or any combination of these. More preferably, component (A-3) is a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-3 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkenyl groups having 2 or 3 carbon atoms or any combination of these. Even more preferably, the hydrophobic groups are selected from methyl groups, ethyl groups, vinyl groups, allyl groups and any combination of these, wherein methyl groups, vinyl groups and any combination of these are most preferred.

[0056] Preferably, component (A-3) is a silica powder having a BET surface of 50 m2/g or more, more preferably 100 m2/g or more, even more preferably 100-400 m2/g.

[0057] The silica powder of component (A-3) is preferably selected from fumed silica and precipitated silica.

(A-4) Linear organopolysiloxane having at least two alkenyl groups



[0058] Component (A-4) is a linear organopolysiloxane having at least two alkenyl groups per molecule and having a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more.

[0059] In preferred embodiments, component (A-4) consists of the following substructures

        ((R2)(R1)2SiO1/2)w

        ((R1)3SiO1/2)2-w

        ((R1)2SiO2/2)u

        ((R1)(R2)SiO2/2)v

wherein

each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms, preferably 1-4 carbon atoms, wherein more preferably each R1 independently represents methyl or ethyl,

each R2 independently represent a linear alkenyl group having 2-6 carbon atoms, preferably 2-4 carbon atoms, more preferably 2 or 3 carbon atoms, most preferably 2 carbon atoms, and u represents a numerical value fulfilling the condition 30 ≤ u ≤ 1300,

v represent a numerical value fulfilling the condition (2-w) ≤ v ≤ 170,

w represents 0, 1 or 2, wherein w preferably represent 0 or 1.



[0060] In more preferred embodiment s, u represents a numerical value in the range of 40 to 1000, preferably 50 to 800, more preferably 60 to 700, even more preferably 70 to 600.

[0061] In further preferred embodiments, v represents a numerical value in the range of 2 to 160, preferably 5 to 150, more preferably 10 to 140, even more preferably 15 to 130.

[0062] In yet further preferred embodiments, each R1 represents methyl, each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 carbon atoms, and w is 0.

[0063] It is likewise preferred that u represents a numerical value in the range of 300-600 and and v represents a numerical value in the range of 40-140, wherein more preferably u represents a numerical value in the range of 400-500, and v represents a numerical value in the range of 60-130.

[0064] Component (A-4) preferably has a molecular weight Mw of 5000-100000 g/mol, more preferably 10000-80000 g/mol. Even more preferably 15000-75000 g/mol and most preferably 20000-60000 g/mol.

[0065] The molecular weight distribution of component (A-3) is not particularly limited and can be narrow or broad. The molecular weight distribution can be monomodal, bimodal or trimodal. For instance, viscosity of component (A-3) can be adjusted by suitably adjusting the molecular weight distribution of the component. The viscosity can be adjusted by mixing two or more compounds representing embodiments of component (A-3). By mixing two or more compounds representing embodiments of component (A-3), bimodal or trimodal molecular weight distribution can be set which can be advantageous in order to control viscosity of the component and viscosity of a composition comprising said component. This is known to the skilled person.

(A-5) Hydrosilylation catalyst



[0066] The silicone preparation and one of compositions (a) and (b) comprises a hydrosilylation catalyst, i.e. a compound capable of catalyzing the addition reaction of an Si-H moiety to a carbon-carbon double bond. A hydrosilylation catalyst comprises a transition metal. Component (A-5) is a hydrosilylation catalyst, i.e. a compound that mediates addition reactions between Si-H group containing component (A-2) and alkenyl group-containing components (A-1), (A-4), and, optionally (A-3).

[0067] This hydrosilylation reaction catalyst is exemplified by platinum group metal catalysts, including platinum catalysts such as platinum black, platinic chloride, reaction products of chloroplatinic acid (H2PtCl6) with monohydric alcohols, complexes of chloroplatinic acid and olefins, and platinum bisacetoacetate; palladium catalysts; and rhodium catalysts. A specific example of a hydrosilylation catalyst is commonly known as Karstedt's catalyst which is an organoplatinum compound derived from divinyl-containing disiloxane such as divinyltetramethyldisiloxane and chloroplatinic acid. In many cases, the exact nature of the catalytically active species may not be known and may be formed in situ from the chemical compound added to a reaction mixture. Therefore, the chemical compound added to a reaction mixture is often referred to as pre-catalyst. In the art of catalysis as well as within the present application, the terms "catalyst" and "pre-catalyst" are often used interchangingly. Hydrosilylation ctalysts are commonly known to the skilled person and are described in various publications including those representing common technical knowledge. Likewise, a description of hydrosilylation catalysts can be found in patent literature such as WO 2013/000788 A1.

[0068] This hydrosilylation catalyst is added in a catalytic amount. The amount, expressed in terms of the weight of the platinum group metal such as platinum, palladium or rhodium metal, is generally from 0.1 to 1,000 ppm, and especially from 1 to 200 ppm, based on the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4).

(B-1) Silicone resin



[0069] Component (B-1) is a silicone resin containing at least one group -SiR9bY3-b, wherein R9 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms, that is optionally substituted with an acryloyl group, a methacryloyl group, or a combination of these; Y is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms, and b is 0, 1 or 2;
Preferably, component (B-1) has a weight-average molecular weight Mw in the range of 300-10000 g/mol, more preferably 400-8000 g/mol, even more preferably 450-6000 g/mol, still more preferably 400-5000 g/mol, yet more preferably 500-4000 g/mol.

[0070] In embodiments likewise preferred, component (B-1) comprises (R4)SiO3/2 units and, optionally, (R4)3SiO1/2 units, (R4)2SiO2/2 units, and SiO4/2 units, wherein each R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, preferably 1 or 2 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, preferably 1 or 2 carbon atoms, H2C=CH-C(=O)-O-R5- (an acryloxy alkylene group) or H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-R5- (a methacryloxy alkylene group), wherein R5 represents a linear alkylene group having 1-6 carbon atoms, preferably 2-4 carbon atoms.

[0071] In more preferred embodiments, component (B-1) contains (R4)3SiO1/2 units in a molar amount [(R4)3SiO1/2] and (R4)SiO3/2 units in a molar amount [(R4)SiO3/2] and the molar ratio [(R4)3SiO1/2]: [(R4)SiO3/2] is lower than 1:3, preferably lower than 1:4.

[0072] In likewise more preferred embodiments, component (B-1) contains (R4)3SiO1/2 units in a molar amount [(R4)3SiO1/2] and SiO4/2 units in a molar amount [SiO4/2] and the molar ratio [(R4)3SiO1/2]: [SiO4/2] is lower than 1:2.

[0073] In further preferred embodiments, component (B-1) contains (R4)SiO3/2 units in a molar amount [(R4)SiO3/2] and SiO4/2 units in a molar amount [SiO4/2] and the molar ratio [(R4)SiO3/2] : [SiO4/2] is in the range of from 1:100 - 100:1. In even more preferred embodiments, component (B-1) consists of (R4)SiO3/2 units.

[0074] In particularly preferred embodiments, component (B-1) has a molecular weight Mw of 2000-4000 g/mol and a content of alkoxy groups of 10-20 wt.-% and is obtainable by condensing methyltrimethoxysilan and 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilan in a molar ratio in the range of 80:20 - 95:5 under acid or base catalysis.

(B-2) Organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR1aX3-a



[0075] Component (B-2) is an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein R6 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms, X is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms, a is 0, 1 or 2, and the polymer backbone is selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester.

[0076] Preferably, R6 is an alkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms, more preferably an alkyl group selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl and 2-methyl-2-propyl, even more preferably an alkyl group selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl and isopropyl. Still more preferably, the group -SiR6aX3-a represents a group selected from trimethoxysilyl, triethoxysilyl, triisopropoxysilyl, dimethoxymethylsilyl, diethoxymethylsilyl and diisopropoxymethylsilyl.

[0077] The polymer backbone is preferably selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate, poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester, each of which can be linear or branched, wherein the polymer backbone is preferably linear. The number average molecular weight Mn of the polymer backbone in component (B-2) preferably is in the range of 3000-100000 g/mol, more preferably 5000-50000 g/mol, even more preferably 10000-30000 g/mol.

[0078] The number of groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to the polymer backbone in component (B-2) is preferably in the range of 2-20, more preferably 3-15, even more preferably 4-10.

(B-3) Silane component



[0079] Component (B-3) is a silane component selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms and R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-.

[0080] In preferred embodiments, component (B-3) is selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms, preferably a linear alkyl group having 1 or 2 carbon atoms, and R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms, preferably a linear alkyl group having 1 or 2 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-.

(B-4) Condensation reaction catalyst



[0081] Component (B-4) is a condensation reaction catalyst, i.e. a compound that is suitable for mediating intermolecular and intramolecular reactions between components (B-1) to (B-3) in the course of which reactions Si-O-Si bonds are formed. Component (B-4) preferably is a compound comprising Ti, Zr, Al, Sn, or Zn.

[0082] More preferably, component (B-4) is a compound represented by Mt(O-A1)4, wherein Mt represents Ti or Zr and A1 is selected from methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl and 2-methyl-2-propyl. Even more preferably, A1 is selected from methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl and 1-butyl. Still more preferably, component (B-4) is a compound represented by Mt(CL)2, wherein Mt represents Ti or Zr and CL represents a chelating ligand selected from acetylacetonate, ethyl acetoacetate and 2-ethylhexane-1,3-diolate.

(C) Inorganic filler



[0083] Component (C) is an inorganic filler and is preferably selected from titanium oxide, iron oxide, cerium oxide, vanadium oxide, cobalt oxide, chromium oxide, manganese oxide, silicon dioxide, diatomaceous earth, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, alumina, hollow glass beads, hollow resin beads, silicates, alumosilicates and any combination of these. More preferably, component (C) is selected from silicon dioxide, kaolinite and any combination of these. Even more preferably, component (C) is different from component (A-3).

[0084] In preferred embodiments, component (C) has attached to its surface groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-16 carbon atoms, and any combination of these.

[0085] In more preferred embodiments, component (C) has attached to its surface groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-6 carbon atoms, and any combination of these.

[0086] In even more preferred embodiments, component (C) has attached to its surface groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-4 carbon atoms, and any combination of these.

Further components



[0087] Composition (a) and composition (b) can contain further components which are described in the following. However, the following description of further components is not limiting and/or exhaustive. Thus, other compounds, which represent additives commonly employed in the field of compositions containing reactive components as described above, can also be contained.

[0088] A retarder can be present in composition (a) or composition (b) of the first kit of the present invention and/or in composition (c) or composition (d) the second kit of the present invention. Within the framework of the present application, the term "retarder" relates to a compound reducing the catalytic activity of the hydrosilylation catalyst. A retarder can be present in a silicone preparation comprising compounds curable by the action of a hydrosilylation catalyst in order to adjust the reaction rate of the curing reaction, for instance in order to adjust the pot life of the preparation and/or in order to adjust the reaction rate of the hydrosilylation curing reaction relative to the rate of other curing reactions such as a curing reaction by a polycondensation reaction. In the present invention, the retarder is contained in one of composition (a) or (b), wherein the retarder is preferably contained in the composition that does not comprise the hydrosilylation catalyst (A-5).

[0089] As exemplary compounds suitable as a retarder, the following can be mentioned. Acetylenic alcohols such as methyl butynol, ethynyl cyclohexanol, dimethyl hexynol, and 3,5-dimethyl-1-hexyn-3-ol, 1-butyn-3-ol, 1-propyn-3-ol, 2-methyl-3-butyn-2-ol, 3-methyl-1-butyn-3-ol, 3-methyl-1-pentyn-3-ol, 3-phenyl-1-butyn-3-ol, 4-ethyl-1-octyn-3-ol, 3,5-dimethyl-1-hexyn-3-ol, and 1-ethynyl-1-cyclohexanol, and a combination thereof; cycloalkenylsiloxanes such as methylvinylcyclosiloxanes exemplified by 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-1,3,5,7-tetravinylcyclotetrasiloxane, 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-1,3,5,7-tetrahexenylcyclotetrasiloxane, and a combination thereof; ene-yne compounds such as 3- methyl-3-penten-1-yne, 3,5-dimethyl-3-hexen-1-yne; triazoles such as benzotriazole; phosphines; mercaptans; hydrazines; amines such as tetramethyl ethylenediamine, dialkyl fumarates, dialkenyl fumarates, dialkoxyalkyl fumarates, maleates such as diallyl maleate, and a combination thereof.

[0090] As an alternative or in addition the aforementioned compounds, a silylated acetylenic compound may be used as a retarder. Without wishing to be bound by theory, it is thought that adding a silylated acetylenic compound reduces yellowing of the reaction product prepared from hydrosilylation reaction of the preparation as compared to a reaction product from hydrosilylation of a preparation that does not contain a silylated acetylenic compound or that contains an organic acetylenic alcohol retarder, such as those described above.

[0091] The silylated acetylenic compound is exemplified by (3-methyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)trimethylsilane, ((1,1-dimethyl-2-propynyl)oxy)trimethylsilane, bis(3-methyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)dimethylsilane, bis(3-methyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)silanemethylvinylsilane, bis((1,1-dimethyl-2-propynyl)oxy)dimethylsilane, methyl(tris(1,1-dimethyl-2-propynyloxy))silane, methyl(tris(3-methyl-1-butyn-3-oxy))silane, (3-methyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)dimethylphenylsilane, (3-methyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)dimethylhexenylsilane, (3-methyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)triethylsilane, bis(3-methyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)methyltrifluoropropylsilane, (3,5-dimethyl-1-hexyn-3-oxy)trimethylsilane, (3-phenyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)diphenylmethylsilane, (3-phenyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)dimethylphenylsilane, (3-phenyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)dimethylvinylsilane, (3-phenyl-1-butyn-3-oxy)dimethylhexenylsilane, (cyclohexyl-1-ethyn-1-oxy)dimethylhexenylsilane, (cyclohexyl-1-ethyn-1-oxy)dimethylvinylsilane, (cyclohexyl-1-ethyn-1-oxy)diphenylmethylsilane, (cyclohexyl-1-ethyn-1-oxy)trimethylsilane, and combinations thereof. Alternatively, ingredient (I) is exemplified by methyl(tris(1,1-dimethyl-2-propynyloxy))silane, ((1,1-dimethyl-2-propynyl)oxy)trimethylsilane, or a combination thereof. The silylated acetylenic compound useful as ingredient (I) may be prepared by methods known in the art, such as silylating an acetylenic alcohol described above by reacting it with a chlorosilane in the presence of an acid receptor.

[0092] The amount of retarder added to the composition will depend on various factors including the desired pot life of the composition, the particular retarder used, and the specific components (A-1), (A-2), (A-3), (A-4), and (A-5) and their respective reactivity. When present, the amount of retarder may range from 0 % to 1 %, alternatively 0.001 % to 0.5 %, alternatively 0.0025 % to 0.25 %, and alternatively 0.005 % to 0.02 %, based on the weight of all components (A-1), (A-2), (A-3), (A-4), and (A-5) of compositions (a) and (b) and/or compositions (c) and (d).

[0093] Additives such as a light-resistant stabilizer, an ultraviolet absorber, a storage stabilizer, and a lubricant may be added, if necessary, to the composition (a) and/or (b) as well as to the composition (c) and/or (d) of the present invention as long as the effects of the present invention are not impaired.

[0094] Examples of the light-resistant stabilizer include hindered phenol antioxidants and hindered amine light stabilizers free of sulfur and phosphorus atoms and primary and secondary amines. The term "light-resistant stabilizer" as used herein refers a compound having a function to absorb light having a wavelength in the ultraviolet range to inhibit generation of radicals, a function to capture radicals generated by absorption of light and convert the radicals into thermal energy to detoxify them, or the like function, thus increasing stability to light.

[0095] The ultraviolet absorber is not particularly limited, and examples include benzoxazine ultraviolet absorbers, benzophenone ultraviolet absorbers, benzotriazole ultraviolet absorbers, and triazine ultraviolet absorbers. The term "ultraviolet absorber" as used herein refers to a compound having a function to absorb light having a wavelength in the ultraviolet range to inhibit generation of radicals.

[0096] The amounts of the light-resistant stabilizer and the ultraviolet absorber in the present invention are each preferably at least 0.01 parts by weight but not more than 5 parts by weight, more preferably at least 0.1 parts by weight but not more than 3 parts by weight, still more preferably at least 0.3 parts by weight but not more than 2.0 parts by weight, per 100 parts by weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) of composition (a) and (b) or components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-3), (B-4) and (C) of composition (c) and (d), respectively, in order to easily provide the effect of reducing the increase in surface tackiness with time.

[0097] Preferred examples of the storage stability improving agent include compounds containing aliphatic unsaturated bonds, organophosphorus compounds, organosulfur compounds, nitrogen-containing compounds, tin compounds, and organic peroxides, which may be used alone or in combinations of two or more. Specific examples include 2-benzothiazolyl sulfide, benzothiazole, thiazole, dimethylacetylene dicarboxylate, diethylacetylene dicarboxylate, 2,6-dit-butyl-4-methylphenol, butylhydroxyanisole, vitamin E, 2-(4-morphodinyldithio)benzothiazole, 3-methyl-1-buten-3-ol, acetylenic unsaturated group-containing organosiloxanes, acetylene alcohol, 3-methyl-1-butyn-3-ol, 2-methyl-3-butyn-2-ol, diallyl fumarate, diallyl maleate, diethyl fumarate, diethyl maleate, dimethyl maleate, 2-pentenenitrile, and 2,3-dichloropropene.

[0098] A lubricant can be incoporated into a one or both of compositions (a) and (b) for instance in order to improve the compatibility of the components present in compositions (a) and (b) as well as in the silicone preparation obtained by mixing said compositions (a) and (b). With the use of a lubricant, it is also possible to adjust properties of the surface of the cured material prepared from the silicone preparation such as the friction coefficient, hydrophilicity and the tendency to build up static electricity. The build-up of static electricity commonly results in the attraction and adhesion of dust particles on the surface of a cured material. Thus, the addition of a lubricant reducing the tendency to build up static electricity can improve the appearance of the cured material over an extended period of time.

[0099] The lubricant is preferably a liquid lubricant. Specific examples of the liquid lubricant include paraffinic mineral oils, naphthenic mineral oils, animal or vegetable oils such as fatty acid glycerides, olefinic lubricants having an alkyl structure such as poly-1-decene and polybutene, alkyl aromatic lubricants having an aralkyl structure, polyalkylene glycol lubricants, ether lubricants such as polyalkylene glycol ethers, perfluoropolyethers, and polyphenyl ethers, ester lubricants having an ester structure such as aliphatic acid esters, aliphatic acid diesters, polyol esters, silicic acid esters, and phosphoric acid esters, silicone lubricants such as dimethyl silicone (i.e. dimethyl polysiloxane capped with a trimethylsiloxy group at both ends) and silicone oils in which the methyl groups of dimethyl silicone are partially replaced with a polyether, phenyl, alkyl, aralkyl, fluorinated alkyl, or other groups, and fluorine atom-containing lubricants such as chlorofluorocarbon. These lubricants may be used alone or in combinations of two or more.

[0100] In the present invention, silicone lubricants are preferred among these in particular in view of the decrease in frictional coefficient and tendency to build up static electricity, their dispersibility, processability, safety, and other standpoints. Silicone oils containing alkylene polyether side chains attached to a polysiloxane backbone such as polydimethylsiloxane containing side chains derived from ethylene oxide ("EO", oxirane) and/or propylene oxide ("PO", methyl oxirane) are particularly preferred in this regard. Silicone oils of this type are commercially available from CHT Germany GmbH (Tubingen) under the tradename Hansa Add such as Hansa Add 1060-RP, for instance.

[0101] The amount of the lubricant per 100 parts by weight of the components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) can be as low as 0.1 parts by weight and is preferably 0.2 part by weight or more, more preferably 0.4 parts by weight or more, still more preferably 0.8 parts by weight or more. If the amount is less than 0.1 part by weight, the lubricant can usually not sufficiently influence the abovementioned properties. The upper limit of the amount of the lubricant is not particularly limited as long as bleeding of the lubricant from the cured material does not occur. Therefore, the amount is preferably 20 parts by weight or less, more preferably 15 parts by weight or less.

[0102] Furthermore, a colorizing additive can be incoporated into one or both of compositions (a) and (b) in order to impart any desired color to one or both of the compositions, the silicone preparation obtainable by mixing the compositions (a) and (b) and the cured material obtainable by curing said silicone preparation. The colorizing additive can be any individual compound suitable for imparting a desired color or a combination of two or more of such compounds. The colorizing additve can in particular be selected from any dyes and pigments commonly known in the art. The amount of the colorizing additives relative to the components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) is suitably adjusted as required in order to impart the desired color in the desired intensity. Usually, it is therefore preferred that the colorizing additive is contained in an amount of 1 parts by weight or more, more preferably 2 parts by weight or more and still more preferably 3 parts by weight or more per 100 parts by weight of the components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C). The upper limit of the amount of the colorizing agent is not particularly limited as long as the overall properties of the compositions (a) and/or (b), the silicone preparation obtainable by mixing the compositions (a) and (b) and the cured material obtainable by curing said silicone preparation are not deteriorated. Furthermore, the upper limit of the amount of a specific colorizing agent or a specific combination of colorizing agents is usually reached when a further increase of the intensity of a color cannot be achieved by further increasing the amount of colorizing agents. can be determined . Under these considerations, the amount is preferably 20 parts by weight or less, more preferably 15 parts by weight or less, still more preferably 10 parts by weight or less per 100 parts by weight of the components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) compositions (a) and (b).

[0103] This first kit described above as the first aspect of the present invention can be advantageously used in applications which are described in the following as further aspects of the present invention.

Aspect (2): First silicone preparation



[0104] According to the second aspect of the present invention, a first silicone preparation is provided. The first silicone preparation is obtainable by mixing composition (a) and composition (b) of the first kit. Mixing of said compositions (a) and compositions (b) can be effected by means of any mixing technique commonly employed. Mixing can be employed in continuous or discontinuous (i.e. batch-wise) manner. For instance, a static mixer can be conveniently employed.

[0105] The first silicone preparation hence contains components which tend to react with each other, in particular components (A-2) and (A-5), which tend to react with each other and, furthermore, component (A-5) with components (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4), and component (B-4), which tends to mediate a reaction of components (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3) which tend to react with themselves in an intermolecular and/or intramolecular manner and, likewise, with each other. The reaction rate of these reactions can furthermore be influenced by the temperature of the silicone preparation and by the incorporation of a retarder as described above. A lower temperature of the silicone preparation and/or a higher amount of retarder usually results in a decresed tendency of the aforementioned reaction to occur. The amount of retarder as well as the specific typ of retarder and the temperature of mixing composition (a) and comp (a) and composition (b) and the temperature at which the silicone preparation is subsequently stored are adjusted appropriately in order to adjust the pot life of the silicone preparation.

[0106] The term "pot life" commonly relates to the period of time during which a mixture of reactive components can be processed. After expiry of the pot life, the reactions occurring in the mixture have proceeded to such an extent that further processing become impossible or at least impractical because it is no longer possible to obtain a work product that has a satisfactory quality. For instance, the viscosity of the mixture can have increased to such an extent that the mixture can no longer be removed from the vessel in which mixing the mixture was stored after and/or can no longer be applied in the form of a coating having a smooth surface.

[0107] The expiry of pot life can be determined for an exemplary mixture by measuring storage modulus G' and loss modulus G" and observing the change of these parameters over time, wherein the point of time at which the mixture was prepared is the starting point of this observation. In most cases, the storage modulus G' is lower than the loss modulus G" during a first period of time after the mixture was prepared and, thus, the ratio tan δ = G"/G' is higher than 1. As time elapses and the reactions within the micture proceed, G' becomes higher than G" and the ratio tan δ = G"/G' is lower than 1. The endpoint of pot life is usually the time expired after preparing the mixture at which G" = G' such that tan δ = 1. In highly viscous mixtures, a case may occur in which G' is higher than G" at the point of time at which the mixture was prepared. In this case, the endpoint of pot life is reached when at least one of G' and G" increases significantly. For instance, the endpoint of pot life can be regarded as being reached when the the rate at which at least one of G' and G" increases reaches a maximum.

Aspect (3): Method of curing the first silicone preparation



[0108] According to the third aspect of the present invention, a method of curing the first silicone preparation is provided. Curing can be effected by heating the first silicone preparation such that the rates of the reactions between the components (A-1) to (A-4), which are mediated by component (A-5), and the reactions between the components (B-1) to (B-3), which are mediated by component (B-4), are increased and the reactions are driven to completeness.

[0109] The method of curing according to the third aspect the present invention comprises a step of heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C, preferably 120-190 °C, more preferably 130-180 °C, most preferably 140-170 °C. Heating is preferably conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes, more preferably 1-3 minutes, most preferably 1-2 minutes.

Aspect (4): First cured material



[0110] According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, a first cured material is provided. The first cured material is obtainable from the first silicone preparation by curing i.e. by effecting a reaction between components (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) with (A-2) and, likewise of components (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3) of the silicone preparation such that a three-dimensional molecular network is formed. Curing can be effected by the method according to the third aspect of the invention.

[0111] Thus, the first cured material is obtainable from the first silicone preparation by heating the silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200°C, preferably 120-190 °C, more preferably 130-180 °C, most preferably 140-170 °C, wherein the heating is preferably conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes, more preferably 1-3 minutes, most preferably 1-2 minutes.

[0112] The first cured material is particularly suitable as a topcoat layer of a multilayer composite because it has advantageous mechanical properties (such as excellent abrasion resistance and bending resistance), light resistance, aging resistance and pleasant hand.

Aspect (5): Second kit comprising composition (c) and (d)



[0113] According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, a second kit comprising composition (c) and (d) is provided. The second kit comprises a composition (c) and a composition (d), wherein composition (c) and composition (d) are spatially separated from each other. Composition (c) and composition (d) comprise reactive components. which are suitable for forming a second cured material by means of chemical reactions which take place when said composition (c) and said composition (d) are mixed to form a second silicone preparation and optionally heating said second silicone preparation.

[0114] In order to prevent undesired premature curing reactions of some of the components used in the present invention, it is necessary to store these components spatially separated from each other, i.e. such that contact of these components is prevented. Therefore, these components are formulated as two compositions which are provided as a kit.

[0115] The second kit comprises a composition (c) and a composition (d), wherein composition (c) and composition (d) are spatially separated from each other and composition (c) and composition (d) comprise

400-800 parts by weight of component (A-1) as described hereinabove with respect to the first kit according to the present invention;

10-200 parts by weight of component (A-2) as described hereinabove with respect to the first kit according to the present invention;

0-300 parts by weight of component (A-3) as described hereinabove with respect to the first kit according to the present invention;

0-40 parts by weight of component (A-4) as described hereinabove with respect to the first kit according to the present invention;

0.1-1000 ppm of component (A-5) as described hereinabove with respect to the first kit according to the present invention, wherein the amount is expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);

0.5-50 parts by weight of component (B-3) as described hereinabove with respect to the first kit according to the present invention;

0.5-5 % by weight of component (B-4) as described hereinabove with respect to the first kit according to the present invention, wherein the amount relative to the total weight of component (B-3);

0-400 parts by weight of component (C) as described hereinabove;

wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-3), (B-4) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-3), (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (c) and (d),

with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (c) and composition (d): (A-2) and (A-5); (B-4) and (B-3).



[0116] In preferred embodiments, the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-3), (B-4) and (C) is at least 80 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b), preferably at least 85 % by weight, more preferably at least 90 % by weight, even more preferably at least 95 % by weight, still more preferably at least 97 % by weight or even 98 % by weight and most preferably 100 % by weight.

[0117] In the second kit, the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is preferably in the range of 0.9-7, more preferably 1-6, even more preferably 1-5, still more preferably 1-3, most preferably 1-2.5 .

[0118] Composition (c) and composition (d) can also contain any one of the further components described hereinabove with respect to the fist kit of the present invention. However, the description of further components is not limiting and/or exhaustive. Thus, other compounds, which represent additives commonly employed in the field of compositions containing reactive components as described above, can also be contained.

Aspect (6): Second silicone preparation



[0119] According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, a second silicone preparation is provided. The second silicone preparation is obtainable by mixing composition (c) and composition (d) of the second kit. Mixing of said compositions (c) and compositions (d) can be effected by means of any mixing technique commonly employed. Mixing can be employed in continuous or discontinuous (i.e. batch-wise) manner. For instance, a static mixer can be conveniently employed.

[0120] The second silicone preparation hence contains components which tend to react with each other, in particular components (A-2) and (A-5), which tend to react with each other and, furthermore, component (A-5) which mediates a reaction of components (A-1), (A-2), (A-3) and (A-4). Furthermore, component (B-4) tends to mediate intermolecular and/or intramolecular reactions of component (B-3). The reaction rate of these reactions can furthermore be influenced by the temperature of the silicone preparation and by the incorporation of a retarder as described above. A lower temperature of the silicone preparation and/or a higher amount of retarder usually results in a decresed tendency of the aforementioned reaction to occur. The amount of retarder as well as the specific typ of retarder and the temperature of mixing composition (a) and comp (a) and composition (b) and the temperature at which the silicone preparation is subsequently stored are adjusted appropriately in order to adjust the pot life of the silicone preparation.

Aspect (7): Method of curing the second cured material



[0121] According to the seventh aspect of the present invention, a method of curing the second silicone preparation is provided.

[0122] Curing can be effected in the same manner as for the first silicone preparation, namely by heating the silicone preparation such that the rates of the reactions between the components are increased and the reactions are driven to completeness. Thus, the method of curing according to the seventh aspect the present invention comprises a step of heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C, preferably 120-190 °C, more preferably 130-180 °C, most preferably 140-170 °C. Heating is preferably conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes, more preferably 1-3 minutes, most preferably 1-2 minutes.

Aspect (8): Second cured material



[0123] According to the eighth aspect of the present invention, a second cured material is provided. The second cured material is obtainable from the second silicone preparation by curing, i.e. by effecting a reaction between components (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) with (A-2) and, likewise of component (B-3) of the silicone preparation such that a three-dimensional molecular network is formed. Curing can be effected by the method according to the third aspect of the invention.

[0124] Thus, the second cured material is obtainable from the second silicone preparation by heating the silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200°C, preferably 120-190 °C, more preferably 130-180 °C, most preferably 140-170 °C, wherein the heating is preferably conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes, more preferably 1-3 minutes, most preferably 1-2 minutes.

[0125] The second cured material is particularly suitable as an adhesive layer and a basecoat layer of a multilayer composite of which the topcoat layer obtainable from the first silicone preparation forms the uppermost layer. It was found that the topcoat layer and the basecoat layer interact with each other such that the mechanical properties of the topcoat layer are improved in comparison to the topcoat layer alone. For instance, the second cured material can have a Shore A hardness of 30-60, a tensile strength (measured according to DIN 53504 S3 A after 14 days of storage at 23 °C and 50 % relative humidity) of 3 N/mm2 or higher, an elongation at break (measured according to DIN 53504 S3 A after 14 days of storage at 23 °C and 50 % relative humidity) of 150 % or higher and a resistance to further tearing (measured according to ASTM D 624 form B after 14 days of storage at 23 °C and 50 % relative humidity) of 8 N/mm or higher. These advantageous mechanical properties render the second cured material suitable for being used as a basecoat layer which provides advantageous mechanical properties to a combination of a basecoat layer of the second cured material and a topcoat layer of the first cured material. Thus, the combination of a basecoat layer of the second cured and a topcoat layer of the first cured material can thus provide a durable coating which has pleasant hand. By means of an optional adhesive layer, this combination of a basecoat layer of the second cured and a topcoat layer of the first cured material can be bonded to essentially any backing material, in particular to a textile backing material or a leather backing material. The silicone preparation from which the second cured material is formed can have the same constitution or a different constitution, if the cured material is used as an adhesive layer or a basecoat layer.

Aspect (9): Multilayer composite



[0126] According to the ninth aspect of the present invention, a multilayer composite is provided which is described in the following.

[0127] The multilayer composite comprises
  1. (i) a backing material;
  2. (ii) optionally an adhesive layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation as described hereinabove;
  3. (iii) a basecoat layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation as described hereinabove, wherein the second silicone preparation for forming the basecoat layer can have the same or different constitution as the second silicone preparation for forming the adhesive layer;
  4. (iv) a topcoat layer obtainable by curing the first silicone preparation as described hereinabove; wherein the backing material, the optional adhesive layer, the basecoat layer and the topcoat layer are present in the order in which they are mentioned.


[0128] In preferred embodiments, the backing material is a textile material, which can comprise natural fibers, synthetic fibers or a combination of these, or leather. The textile material can be a woven, knit, crocheted, knotted, felted, braided or non-woven textile material.

[0129] In more preferred embodiments, the natural fibers are selected from the group consisting of cotton, wool, hemp, sisal, flax, jute and any combination of these. In other more preferred embodiments the synthetic fibers are polymer fibers, wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of rayon, polyurethane, polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyamide, polyacrylnitrile, polycarbonate and any combination of these.

[0130] In preferred embodiments, the optional adhesive layer, when present, has a coating weight of 10-100 g/m2 and/or the basecoat layer has a coating weight of 100-500 g/m2 and/or the topcoat layer has a coating weight of 5-50 g/m2. In more preferred embodiments, the base coat layer has a coating weight of 100-500 g/m2 and the topcoat layer has a coating weight of 5-50 g/m2.

[0131] The multilayer composite can be part of a garment, footwear, glove, upholstery fabric, trim material, in particular a decorative or protective garment, a decorative or protective shoe or boot, a decorative or protective glove, an automotive interior trim material, a trim material or upholstery fabric of a seat, a trim material or upholstery fabric of a lounger. The multilayer composite according to the present invention is particularly suitable for being used as a trim material or upholstery fabric that is exposed to weathering, for instance as part of a seat or lounger that is used outdoors, in particular as a seat or lounger that is used outdoors in a maritime environment such as on board of a yacht or cruise liner. Similarly, the multilayer composite according to the present invention is particularly suitable for being used as a trim material or upholstery fabric that is exposed to other harsh conditions or treatments such as frequent cleaning with cleaning agents and/or disinfecting agents, for instance in a gastronomic business, hospital operations or similar surroundings.

Aspect (10): Method of preparing a multilayer multilayer composite



[0132] According to the ninth aspect of the present invention, a method of preparing a multilayer composite as described hereinabove with respect to the ninth aspect of the invention is provided which is described in the following.

[0133] The method of preparing a multilayer composite comprises the steps of
  1. (i) coating a second silicone preparation as described hereinabove onto a surface of a backing material,
  2. (ii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a cured material as a basecoat layer,
  3. (iii) coating a first silicone preparation as described hereinabove onto the surface of the first cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (ii),
  4. (iv) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a topcoat layer.


[0134] In alternative embodiments, the method comprises the steps of
  1. (i) coating a second silicone preparation as described hereinabove onto a surface of a backing material,
  2. (ii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as an adhesive layer,
  3. (iii) coating a second silicone preparation as described hereinabove onto the surface of the second cured material of the adhesive layer formed in step (ii),
  4. (iv) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,
  5. (v) coating a first silicone preparation as described hereinabove onto the surface of the second cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (iv),
  6. (vi) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer.


[0135] In preferred embodiments of the method, the second silicone preparation coated in step (i) has the same constitution as the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).

[0136] In alternative embodiments, the method comprises the steps of
  1. (i) coating a first silicone preparation as described hereinabove onto the surface of a release material,
  2. (ii) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer,
  3. (iii) coating a second silicone preparation as described hereinabove onto the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii),
  4. (iv) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,
  5. (v) coating a second silicone preparation as described hereinabove onto the surface of the second cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (iv),
  6. (vi) placing a backing material onto the second silicone preparation coating formed in step (v),
  7. (vii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as an adhesive layer,
  8. (viii) removing the release material from the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii).


[0137] In preferred embodiments of the method, the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii) has the same constitution as the second silicone preparation coated in step (v).

[0138] In more preferred embodiments of the method, the release material has a surface structure imparting a surface structure to the first cured material.

[0139] In further preferred embodiments, the adhesive layer has a coating weight of 10-100 g/m2 and/or the base coat layer has a coating weight of 100-500 g/m2 and/or the topcoat layer has a coating weight of 5-50 g/m2. In more preferred embodiments, the base coat layer has a coating weight of 100-500 g/m2 and the topcoat layer has a coating weight of 5-50 g/m2.

[0140] The present invention in particular encompasses the following embodiments.

(1) First kit comprising a composition (a) and a composition (b), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) are spatially separated from each other and composition (a) and composition (b) comprise

(A-1) 100-350 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having terminal alkenyl groups and a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more;

(A-2) 25-100 parts by weight of an organohydrogenpolysiloxane having 5-300 siloxane repeating units, of which 2-100 repeating unit have Si-H bonds;

(A-3) 0-150 parts by weight of hydrophobized silica that optionally has alkenyl groups on its surface;

(A-4) 0-40 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having at least two alkenyl groups per molecule and having a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more;

(A-5) 0.1-1000 ppm of a hydrosilylation catalyst comprising a transition metal, expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);

(B-1) 200-450 parts by weight of a silicone resin containing at least one group -SiR9bY3-b, wherein
R9 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms, that is optionally
substituted with an acryloyl group, a methacryloyl group, or a combination of these;
Y is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
b is 0, 1 or 2;

(B-2) 25-125 parts by weight of an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein
R6 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms,
X is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
a is 0, 1 or 2, and
the polymer backbone is selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester;

(B-3) 0-25 parts by weight of a silane component selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein
R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms and
R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and;

(B-4) 0.5-5 % by weight of a condensation reaction catalyst, relative to the total weight of components (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3);

(C) 150-400 parts by weight of a filler;
wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b),
with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (a) and composition (b):

(A-2) and (A-5);

(B-4) and one or more of (B-1), (B-2), (B-3).

(2) First kit as defined under item (1), wherein the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-3) and C is at least 80 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b).

(3) First kit as defined under item (1), wherein the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-3) and C is at least 85 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b).

(4) First kit as defined under item (1), wherein the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-3) and C is at least 90 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b).

(5) First kit as defined under item (1), wherein the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-3) and C is at least 95 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b).

(6) First kit as defined under item (1), wherein the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-3) and C is at least 97 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b).

(7) First kit as defined under item (1), wherein the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-3) and C is at least 98 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b).

(8) First kit as defined under item (1), wherein the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-3) and C is 100 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b).

(9) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(8), wherein component (A-1) is a linear organopolysiloxane of formula (I)

        R2-(Si(R1)2)-(O-Si(R1)2)p-(O-Si(R1)2)-R2     (I),

wherein

each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms,

each R2 independently represent a linear alkenyl group having 2-6 carbon atoms, and

p represents a numerical value in the range of 30-2000.

(10) First kit as defined under item (9), wherein each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms.

(11) First kit as defined under item (9), wherein each R1 independently represents methyl or ethyl.

(12) First kit as defined under any one of items (9)-(11), wherein each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2-4 carbon atoms.

(13) First kit as defined under any one of items (9)-(11), wherein each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 or 3 carbon atoms.

(14) First kit as defined under any one of items (9)-(11), wherein each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 carbon atoms.

(15) First kit as defined under any one of items (9)-(14), wherein p represents a numerical value in the range of 40 to 1800.

(16) First kit as defined under any one of items (9)-(14), wherein p represents a numerical value in the range of 50 to 1600.

(17) First kit as defined under any one of items (9)-(14), wherein p represents a numerical value in the range of 60 to 1400.

(18) First kit as defined under any one of items (9)-(14), wherein p represents a numerical value in the range of 70 to 1000.

(19) First kit as defined under any one of items (9)-(18), wherein each R1 represents methyl, each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 carbon atoms and p represents a numerical value in the range of 40-1800.

(19) First kit as defined under item (19), wherein p represents a numerical value in the range of 50-1400.

(20) First kit as defined under item (19), wherein p represents a numerical value in the range of 60-1000.

(21) First kit as defined under item (19), wherein p represents a numerical value in the range of 70-800.

(22) First kit as defined under item (19), wherein p represents a numerical value in the range of 80-600.

(23) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(22), wherein component (A-1) has a molecular weight Mw of 3000-100000 g/mol.

(24) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(22), wherein component (A-1) has a molecular weight Mw of 4000-70000 g/mol.

(25) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(22), wherein component (A-1) has a molecular weight Mw of 5000-40000 g/mol.

(26) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(22), wherein component (A-1) has a molecular weight Mw of 5000-30000 g/mol.

(27) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(26), wherein component (A-2) is an organohydrogenpolysiloxane having a linear structure, a cyclic structure, a branched structure or a three-dimensional network structure.

(28) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(27), wherein component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II)

        R3qHrSiO(4-q-r)/2     (II)

wherein

q and r each are numerical values fulfilling the conditions





R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms.

(29) First kit as defined under item (28), wherein component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II) in which q and r each are numerical values fulfilling the conditions





(30) First kit as defined under item (28) or (29), wherein component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II) in which q and r each are numerical values fulfilling the conditions





(31) First kit as defined under any one of items (28)-(30), wherein component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II) in which R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms.

(32) First kit as defined under any one of items (28)-(31), wherein component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II) in which R3 independently represents a methyl group or an ethyl group.

(33) First kit as defined under any one of items (28)-(31), wherein component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II) in which R3 independently represents a methyl group.

(34) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(26), wherein component (A-2) is an organohydrogenpolysiloxane comprising
at least one terminal SiH group -(O-Si(R3)2)-H, or
at least one non-terminal SiH group -(O-SiHR3)-, or
at least one non-terminal SiH2 group -(O-SiH2)-, or
a combination of these.

(35) First kit as defined under item (34), wherein component (A-2) is a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane selected from the group consisting of formula (IIIa), formula (IIIb), formula (IVa), formula (IVb), formula (IVc) or a combination of these,

        H-(Si(R3)2)-(O-Si(R3)2)s-(O-Si(R3)2)-H     (IIIa),

wherein
s is a numerical value in the range of 5-300;

        H-(Si(R3)2)-{(O-SiHR3)t1-(O-Si(R3)2)s1}-(O-Si(R3)3)     (IIIb),

wherein

s1 is a numerical value in the range of 0-300,

t1 is a numerical value in the range of 1-200, and

the curly brackets {} indicate that the sequence of the repeating units -(O-SiHR3)- and -(O-Si(R3)2)- relative to each other is not limited;



        ((R3)3Si)-{-(O-SiHR3-)t2-(O-Si(R3)2-)s2}-(O-Si(R3)3)     (IVa),

wherein

s2 is a numerical value in the range of 0-300,

t2 is a numerical value in the range of 2-100, and

the curly brackets {} indicate that the sequence of the repeating units -(O-SiHR3)- and -(O-Si(R3)2)- relative to each other is not limited;



        ((R3)3Si)-{-(O-Si(R3)2-)s3-(O-SiH2-)t3}-(O-Si(R3)3)     (IVb),

wherein,

s3 is a numerical value in the range of 0-300

t3 is a numerical value in the range of 1-50, and

the curly brackets {} indicate that the sequence of the repeating units -(O-SiH2)- and -(O-Si(R3)2)- relative to each other is not limited;



        ((R3)3Si)-{-(O-Si(R3)2-)s4-(O-SiH(R3)-)t4-(O-SiH2-)t5}-(O-Si(R3)3)     (IVc),

wherein,

s4 is a numerical value in the range of 0-300,

t4 is a numerical value in the range of 1-99,

t5 is a numerical value in the range of 1-49,

2 ≤ t4 + 2·t5 ≤ 100, and

the curly brackets {} indicate that the sequence of the repeating units -(O-SiH2)-, -(O-SiHR3)- and -(O-Si(R3)2)- relative to each other is not limited;

and wherein
each R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms.

(36) First kit as defined under item (35), wherein each R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms.

(37) First kit as defined under item (35), wherein each R3 independently represents a methyl group or an ethyl group.

(38) First kit as defined under item (35), wherein each R3 independently represents a methyl group.

(39) First kit as defined under any one of items (35)-(38), wherein component (A-2) is

  1. (i) a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane of formula (IIIa), wherein
    s is a numerical value in the range of 10-200,
    or
  2. (ii) a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane of formula (IVa), wherein
    s2 is a numerical value in the range of 10-200, and
    t2 is a numerical value in the range of 2-50,
    or
  3. (iii) a combination of these.

(40) First kit as defined under any one of items (35)-(38), wherein component (A-2) is

  1. (i) a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane of formula (III), wherein
    s is a numerical value in the range of 15-150
    or
  2. (ii) a linear organohydrogenpolysiloxane of formula (IVa), wherein
    s2 is a numerical value in the range of 15-150, and
    t2 is a numerical value in the range of 2-25,
    or
  3. (iii) a combination of these.

(41) First kit as defined under any one of items (27)-(39), wherein component (A-2) has a content of Si-H groups of 0.1-15 mmol/g.

(42) First kit as defined under any one of items (27)-(39), wherein component (A-2) has a content of Si-H groups of 0.3-2.5 mmol/g.

(43) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(42), wherein component (A-3) is a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkenyl groups having 2-16 carbon atoms or any combination of these.

(44) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(43), wherein component (A-3) is a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkenyl groups having 2-4 carbon atoms or any combination of these.

(45) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(43), wherein component (A-3) is a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-3 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkenyl groups having 2 or 3 carbon atoms or any combination of these.

(46) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(43), wherein component (A-3) is a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from methyl groups, ethyl groups, vinyl groups, allyl groups and any combination of these.

(47) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(43), wherein component (A-3) is a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from methyl groups, vinyl groups and any combination of these.

(48) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(47), wherein component (A-3) is a silica powder having a BET surface of 50 m2/g or more.

(49) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(47), wherein component (A-3) is a silica powder having a BET surface of 100 m2/g or more.

(50) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(47), wherein component (A-3) is a silica powder having a BET surface of 100-400 m2/g.

(51) First kit as defined under any one of items (43)-(50), wherein the silica powder of component (A-3) is selected from fumed silica and precipitated silica.

(52) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(51), wherein component (A-4) consists of the following substructures

        ((R2)(R1)2SiO1/2)w

        ((R1)3SiO1/2)2-w

        ((R1)2SiO2/2)u

        ((R1)(R2)SiO2/2)v

wherein

each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms,

each R2 independently represent a linear alkenyl group having 2-6 carbon atoms, and

u represents a numerical value fulfilling the condition 30 ≤ u ≤ 1300,

v represent a numerical value fulfilling the condition (2-w) ≤ v ≤ 170,

w represents 0, 1 or 2.

(53) First kit as defined under item (52), wherein each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms.

(54) First kit as defined under item (52), wherein each R1 independently represents methyl or ethyl.

(55) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(54), wherein each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2-4 carbon atoms.

(56) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(54), wherein each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 or 3 carbon atoms.

(57) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(54), wherein each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 carbon atoms.

(58) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(57), wherein w represent 0 or 1.

(59) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(58), wherein u represents a numerical value in the range of 40 to 1000.

(60) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(58), wherein u represents a numerical value in the range of 50 to 800.

(61) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(58), wherein u represents a numerical value in the range of 60 to 700.

(62) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(58), wherein u represents a numerical value in the range of 70 to 600.

(63) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(62), wherein v represents a numerical value in the range of 2 to 160.

(64) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(62), wherein v represents a numerical value in the range of 5 to 150.

(65) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(62), wherein v represents a numerical value in the range of 10 to 140.

(66) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(62), wherein v represents a numerical value in the range of 15 to 130.

(67) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(66), wherein
each R1 represents methyl,
each R2 independently represents a linear alkenyl group having 2 carbon atoms,
w is 0.

(68) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(67), wherein
u represents a numerical value in the range of 300-600, and
v represents a numerical value in the range of 40-140.

(69) First kit as defined under any one of items (52)-(67), wherein,
u represents a numerical value in the range of 400-500, and
v represents a numerical value in the range of 60-130.

(70) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(69), wherein component (A-4) has a molecular weight Mw of 5000-100000 g/mol.

(71) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(69), wherein component (A-4) has a molecular weight Mw of 10000-80000 g/mol.

(72) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(69), wherein component (A-4) has a molecular weight Mw of 15000-75000 g/mol.

(73) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(69), wherein component (A-4) has a molecular weight Mw of 20000-60000 g/mol.

(74) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(73), wherein component (A-5) is a compound comprising a transition metal selected from platinum, palladium and rhodium.

(75) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(74), wherein component (A-5) is Karstedt's catalyst.

(76) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(75), wherein component (B-1) has a weight-average molecular weight Mw in the range of 300-10000 g/mol.

(77) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(75), wherein component (B-1) has a weight-average molecular weight Mw in the range of 400-8000 g/mol.

(78) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(75), wherein component (B-1) has a weight-average molecular weight Mw in the range of 450-6000 g/mol.

(79) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(75), wherein component (B-1) has a weight-average molecular weight Mw in the range of 400-5000 g/mol.

(80) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(75), wherein component (B-1) has a weight-average molecular weight Mw in the range of 500-4000 g/mol.

(81) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(80), wherein component (B-1) comprises (R4)SiO3/2 units and, optionally, (R4)3SiO1/2 units, (R4)2SiO2/2 units, and SiO4/2 units, wherein
each R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, H2C=CH-C(=O)-O-R5- (an acryloxy alkylene group) or H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-R5-(a methacryloxy alkylene group), wherein R5 represents a linear alkylene group having 1-6 carbon atoms.

(82) First kit as defined under item (81), wherein each R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of linear or branched alkyl groups having 1 or 2 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1 or 2 carbon atoms, H2C=CH-C(=O)-O-R5- (an acryloxy alkylene group) or H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-R5- (an methacryloxy alkylene group), wherein R5 represents a linear alkylene group having 2-4 carbon atoms.

(83) First kit as defined under items (81) or (82), wherein component (B-1) contains (R4)3SiO1/2 units in a molar amount [(R4)3SiO1/2] and (R4)SiO3/2 units in a molar amount [(R4)SiO3/2] and wherein the molar ratio [(R4)3SiO1/2] : [(R4)SiO3/2] is lower than 1:3.

(84) First kit as defined under item (83), wherein the molar ratio [(R4)3SiO1/2] : [(R4)SiO3/2] is lower than 1:4.

(85) First kit as defined under any one of items (81)-(84), wherein component (B-1) contains (R4)3SiO1/2 units in a molar amount [(R4)3SiO1/2] and SiO4/2 units in a molar amount [SiO4/2] and wherein the molar ratio [(R4)3SiO1/2] : [SiO4/2] is lower than 1:2.

(86) First kit as defined under item (85), wherein the molar ratio [(R4)3SiO1/2] : [SiO4/2] is lower than 1:3.

(87) First kit as defined under any one of items (81)-(86), wherein component (B-1) contains (R4)SiO3/2 units in a molar amount [(R4)SiO3/2] and SiO4/2 units in a molar amount [SiO4/2] and wherein the molar ratio [(R4)SiO3/2] : [SiO4/2] is in the range of from 1:100 - 100:1.

(88) First kit as defined under items (81) or (82), wherein component (B-1) consists of (R4)SiO3/2 units.

(89) First kit as defined under item (88), wherein component (B-1) has a molecular weight Mw of 2000-4000 g/mol and a content of alkoxy groups of 10-20 wt.-% and is obtainable by condensing methyltrimethoxysilan and 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilan in a molar ratio in the range of 80:20 - 95:5 under acid or base catalysis.

(90) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(89), wherein component (B-2) is an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein R6 is an alkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms.

(91) First kit as defined under item (90), wherein R6 is an alkyl group selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl and 2-methyl-2-propyl.

(92) First kit as defined under item (90), wherein R6 is an alkyl group selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl and isopropyl.

(93) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(90), wherein in component (B-2) the group -SiR6aX3-a represents a group selected from trimethoxysilyl, triethoxysilyl, triisopropoxysilyl, dimethoxymethylsilyl, diethoxymethylsilyl and diisopropoxymethylsilyl.

(94) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(93), wherein in component (B-2) the polymer backbone is selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate, poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester, each of which can be linear or branched.

(95) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(94), wherein in component (B-2) the polymer backbone is linear.

(96) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(95), wherein the number average molecular weight Mn of the polymer backbone in component (B-2) is in the range of 3000 g/mol or more.

(97) First kit as defined under any one of items (1) or (96), wherein the number average molecular weight Mn of the polymer backbone in component (B-2) is in the range of 100000 g/mol or less.

(98) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(97), wherein the number average molecular weight Mn of the polymer backbone in component (B-2) is in the range of 5000-50000 g/mol.

(99) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(98), wherein the number average molecular weight Mn of the polymer backbone in component (B-2) is in the range of 10000-30000 g/mol.

(100) First kit as defined under any one of items (90)-(99), wherein the number of groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to the polymer backbone in component (B-2) is in the range of 2-20.

(101) First kit as defined under any one of items (90)-(99), wherein the number of groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to the polymer backbone in component (B-2) is in the range of 3-15.

(102) First kit as defined under any one of items (90)-(99), wherein the number of groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to the polymer backbone in component (B-2) is in the range of 4-10.

(103) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(102), wherein component (B-3) is selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein
R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms and
R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-.

(104) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(102), wherein component (B-3) is selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein
R7 is a linear alkyl group having 1 or 2 carbon atoms and
R8 is a linear alkyl group having 1 or 2 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-.

(105) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(104), wherein component (B-4) is a compound comprising Ti, Zr, Al, Sn, or Zn.

(106) First kit as defined under item (105), wherein component (B-4) is a compound represented by Mt(O-A1)4, wherein Mt represents Ti or Zr and A1 is selected from methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl and 2-methyl-2-propyl.

(107) First kit as defined under item (105), wherein component (B-4) is a compound represented by Mt(O-A1)4, wherein Mt represents Ti or Zr and A1 is selected from methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl and 1-butyl.

(108) First kit as defined under item (105), wherein component (B-4) is a compound represented by Mt(CL)2, wherein Mt represents Ti or Zr and CL represents a chelating ligand selected from acetylacetonate, ethyl acetoacetate and 2-ethylhexane-1,3-diolate.

(109) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(108), wherein component (C) is selected from titanium oxide, iron oxide, cerium oxide, vanadium oxide, cobalt oxide, chromium oxide, manganese oxide, silicon dioxide, diatomaceous earth, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, alumina, hollow glass beads, hollow resin beads, silicates, alumosilicates and any combination of these.

(110) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(109), wherein component (C) is different from component (A-3).

(111) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(109), wherein component (C) is selected from silicon dioxide, kaolinite and any combination of these.

(112) First kit as defined under item (111), wherein component (C) has attached to its surface groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-16 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-16 carbon atoms, and any combination of these.

(113) First kit as defined under item (111), wherein component (C) has attached to its surface groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-6 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-6 carbon atoms, and any combination of these.

(114) First kit as defined under item (111), wherein component (C) has attached to its surface groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- and having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkyl groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O- and having 1-4 carbon atoms, and any combination of these.

(115) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(114), wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 0.9-7.

(116) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(114), wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 1-6.

(117) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(114), wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 1-5.

(118) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(114), wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 1-3.

(119) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(114), wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 1-2.5.

(120) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(119), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 150-300 parts by weight of (A-1).

(121) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(120), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 50-90 parts by weight of (A-2).

(122) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(121), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 20-100 parts by weight of (A-3).

(123) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(122), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 5-20 parts by weight of (A-4).

(124) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(123), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise
150-300 parts by weight of (A-1),
50-90 parts by weight of (A-2),
20-100 parts by weight of (A-3), and
5-20 parts by weight of (A-4).

(125) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(124), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 220-400 parts by weight of (B-1).

(126) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(125), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 30-125 parts by weight of (B-2).

(127) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(126), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 0-15 parts by weight of (B-3).

(128) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(127), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise 200-350 parts by weight of (C).

(129) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(128), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise
220-400 parts by weight of (B-1),
30-125 parts by weight of (B-2), and
0-15 parts by weight of (B-3).

(130) First kit as defined under any one of items (1)-(129), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) comprise
150-300 parts by weight of (A-1),
50-90 parts by weight of (A-2),
20-100 parts by weight of (A-3),
5-20 parts by weight of (A-4),
220-400 parts by weight of (B-1),
30-125 parts by weight of (B-2), and
0-15 parts by weight of (B-3).

(131) First silicone preparation obtainable by mixing composition (a) and composition (b) of the first kit defined under any one of items (1)-(130).

(132) First silicone preparation containing a mixture of composition (a) and composition (b) of the first kit defined under any one of items (1)-(130).

(133) Method of curing the first silicone preparation defined under item (131) or (132), wherein curing is effected by heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C.

(134) Method as defined under item (133), wherein curing is effected by heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 120-190 °C.

(135) Method as defined under item (133), wherein curing is effected by heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 130-180 °C.

(136) Method as defined under item (133), wherein curing is effected by heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 140-170 °C.

(137) Method as defined under any one of items (133)-(136), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes.

(138) Method as defined under any one of items (133)-(136), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 1-3 minutes.

(139) Method as defined under any one of items (133)-(136), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 1-2 minutes.

(140) First cured material obtainable by curing the first silicone preparation defined under item (131) or (132).

(141) First cured material as defined under item (140), wherein curing is effected by means of the method defined under any one of items (133)-(139).

(142) Second kit comprising a composition (c) and a composition (d), wherein composition (c) and composition (d) are spatially separated from each other and composition (c) and composition (d) comprise
400-800 parts by weight of component (A-1) as defined under any one of items (1) and (9)-(26);
10-200 parts by weight of component (A-2) as defined under any one of items (1) and (27)-(42);
0-300 parts by weight of component (A-3) as defined under any one of items (1) and (43)-(51);
0-40 parts by weight of component (A-4) as defined under any one of items (1) and (52)-(73);
0.1-1000 ppm of component (A-5), expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);
0.5-50 parts by weight of component (B-3) as defined under any one of item (1), (103) and (104);
0.5-5 % by weight of component (B-4) as defined under any one of item (1) and (105)-(108), relative to the total weight of component (B-3);
0-400 parts by weight of component (C) as defined under any one of items (1) and (109)-(114);
wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-1), (B-3) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-3), (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (c) and (d),
with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (c) and composition (d):

(A-2) and (A-5);

(B-4) and (B-3).

(143) Second kit as defined under item (142), wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 0.9-7.

(144) Second kit as defined under item (142), wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 1-6.

(145) Second kit as defined under item (142),wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 1-5.

(146) Second kit as defined under item (142),wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 1-3.

(147) Second kit as defined under item (142),wherein the molar amount of Si-H bonds in component (A-2) relative to the molar amount of alkenyl groups in component (A-1), (A-3) and (A-4) is in the range of 1-2.5.

(148) Second silicone preparation obtainable by mixing composition (c) and composition (d) of the kit defined under any one of items (142)-(147).

(149) Second silicone preparation containing a mixture of composition (c) and composition (d) of the kit defined under any one of items (142)-(147).

(150) Method of curing the second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149), wherein curing is effected by heating the second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C.

(151) Method as defined under item (150), wherein curing is effected by heating the second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 120-190 °C.

(152) Method as defined under item (150), wherein curing is effected by heating the second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 130-180 °C.

(153) Method as defined under item (150), wherein curing is effected by heating the second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 140-170 °C.

(154) Method as defined under any one of items (150)-(153), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes.

(155) Method as defined under any one of items (150)-(153), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 1-3 minutes.

(156) Method as defined under any one of items (150)-(153), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 1-2 minutes.

(157) Second cured material obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149).

(158) Second cured material as defined under item (157), wherein curing is effected by means of the method defined under any one of items (150)-(156).

(159) Multilayer composite comprising

  1. (i) a backing material;
  2. (ii) optionally an adhesive layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149);
  3. (iii) a basecoat layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149), wherein the second silicone preparation for forming the basecoat layer can have the same or different constitution as the second silicone preparation for forming the adhesive layer;
  4. (iv) a topcoat layer obtainable by curing the first silicone preparation defined under items (131) or (132);
wherein the backing material, the optional adhesive layer, the basecoat layer and the topcoat layer are present in the order in which they are mentioned.

(160) Multilayer composite as defined under item (159), wherein the backing material is a textile material or leather.

(161) Multilayer composite as defined under item (160), wherein the textile material comprises natural fibers, synthetic fibers or a combination of these.

(162) Multilayer composite as defined under item (161), wherein the textile material is a woven, knit, crocheted, knotted, felted, braided or non-woven textile material.

(163) Multilayer composite as defined under item (161) or (162), wherein the natural fibers are selected from the group consisting of cotton, wool, hemp, sisal, flax, jute and any combination of these.

(164) Multilayer composite as defined under item (161) or (162), wherein the synthetic fibers are polymer fibers, wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of rayon, polyurethane, polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyamide, polyacrylnitrile, polycarbonate and any combination of these.

(165) Multilayer composite as defined under any one of item (159)-(164), wherein the optional adhesive layer, when present, has a coating weight of 10-100 g/m2.

(166) Multilayer composite as defined under any one of item (159)-(165), wherein the base coat layer has a coating weight of 100-500 g/m2.

(167) Multilayer composite as defined under any one of item (159)-(166), wherein the topcoat layer has a coating weight of 5-50 g/m2.

(168) Multilayer composite as defined under any one of item (159)-(165), wherein
the base coat layer has a coating weight of 100-500 g/m2 and
the topcoat layer has a coating weight of 5-50 g/m2.

(169) Method of preparing a multilayer composite defined under any one of items (159)-(168) comprising the steps of

  1. (i) coating a second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149) onto a surface of a backing material,
  2. (ii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a cured material as a basecoat layer,
  3. (iii) coating a first silicone preparation defined under item (131) or (132) onto the surface of the first cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (ii),
  4. (iv) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a topcoat layer.

(170) Method of preparing a multilayer composite defined under any one of items (159)-(168) comprising the steps of

  1. (i) coating a second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149) onto a surface of a backing material,
  2. (ii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as an adhesive layer,
  3. (iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149) onto the surface of the second cured material of the adhesive layer formed in step (ii),
  4. (iv) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,
  5. (v) coating a first silicone preparation defined under item (131) or (132) onto the surface of the second cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (iv),
  6. (vi) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer.

(171) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under item (170), wherein the second silicone preparation coated in step (i) has the same constitution as the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).

(172) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under item (170), wherein the second silicone preparation coated in step (i) has a constitution that is different from the constitution of the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).

(173) Method of preparing a multilayer composite defined under any one of items (159)-(168) comprising the steps of

  1. (i) coating a first silicone preparation defined under item (131) or (132) onto the surface of a a release material,
  2. (ii) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer,
  3. (iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149) onto the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii),
  4. (iv) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,
  5. (v) coating a second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149) onto the surface of the second cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (iv),
  6. (vi) placing a backing material onto the second silicone preparation coating formed in step (v),
  7. (vii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as an adhesive layer,
  8. (viii)removing the release material from the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii).

(174) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under item (173), wherein the second silicone preparation coated in step (v) has the same constitution as the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).

(175) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under item (173), wherein the second silicone preparation coated in step (v) has a constitution that is different from the constitution of the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).

(176) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under any one of items (170)-(175), wherein the adhesive layer has a coating weight of 10-100 g/m2.

(177) Method of preparing a multilayer composite defined under any one of items (159)-(168) comprising the steps of

  1. (i) coating a first silicone preparation defined under item (131) or (132) onto the surface of a a release material,
  2. (ii) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer,
  3. (iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149) onto the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii),
  4. (iv) placing a backing material onto the second silicone preparation coating formed in step (iii),
  5. (v) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,
  6. (vi) removing the release material from the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii).

(178) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under any one of items (173)-(177), wherein the release material has a surface structure imparting a surface structure to the first cured material.

(179) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under any one of items (169)-(178), wherein the base coat layer has a coating weight of 100-500 g/m2.

(180) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under any one of items (169)-(178), wherein the topcoat layer has a coating weight of 5-50 g/m2.

(181) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under any one of items (169)-(178), wherein
the base coat layer has a coating weight of 100-500 g/m2 and/or
the topcoat layer has a coating weight of 5-50 g/m2.

(182) Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined under any one of items (169)-(181), wherein curing is effected by heating the first and/or second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C.

(183) Method as defined under item (182), wherein curing is effected by heating the first and/or second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 120-190 °C.

(184) Method as defined under item (182), wherein curing is effected by heating the first and/or second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 130-180 °C.

(185) Method as defined under item (182), wherein curing is effected by heating the first and/or second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 140-170 °C.

(186) Method as defined under any one of items (182)-(185), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes.

(187) Method as defined under any one of items (182)-(185), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 1-3 minutes.

(188) Method as defined under any one of items (182)-(185), wherein heating is conducted over a period of 1-2 minutes.


Examples



[0141] Within the framework of the invention disclosed in the present application, parameters were determined according to the following methods.

Molecular weight Mw:



[0142] The molecular weight Mw of any siloxane and silicone resin is determined by gel permeation chromatography, wherein the following conditions are applied.
Columns: PSS SDV 50 x 8 mm pre-column;
+ PSS SDV 300 x 8 mm 100 A, 5 µm
+ PSS SDV 300 x 8 mm 1000 A, 5 µm
+ PSS SDV 300 x 8 mm 100,000 A, 5 µm,
polystyrene-divinylbenzene
Mobile phase/solvent: Toluene LiChrosolv, Merck KgaA, 1.08327
Flow rate: 1.0 ml/min
Injector: Autosampler
Injection volume: 100 µl
Column/detector temperature: 30 °C isotherm
Standards for calibration: Polydimethoxysiloxane (PDMS) standards, PSS-pdmkit, lot pdmkit-09, dissolved in toluene
Sample preparation: 50 mg of the sample were dissolved in 10 ml of toluene and an aliquot was added into a 1.5 ml HPLC vial. Subsequently, the sample was injected into the GPC system.
Method of Analysis: Standard solutions were prepared by dissolving PDMS standards from 162 Da to 163,000 Da in toluene.
  All reported molecular weight parameters were calculated using PDMS standards.

Shore A hardness:



[0143] The Shore A hardness is measured according to the method described in ISO 7619-1:2010 using Shore A durometer model Sauter HBA 100-0 (Sauter Gmbh, Balingen, Germany). A test sample is prepared by casting the silicone preparation into a mould and allowing it to cure for 24 hours such that a sample having a thickness of 6 mm is obtained. The measurement is carried out under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008 after the test sample has been stored under these conditions for at least one hour.

Hydrolysis resistance:



[0144] After a material has been manufactured, it is stored under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008 for one week. Then, two samples are cut from the material to be tested. One of the samples is stored over a period of six weeks under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with DIN ISO 291. Thus, a "reference sample" is obtained.

[0145] The other sample of the material is subjected to an accelerated ageing test by storing the sample in a climate chamber at a temperature of 70 °C (± 5°C) and a relative humidity of 95 % (± 5 %) over a period of six weeks. Subsequently, the sample is conditioned by storing it for 24 hours under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with DIN ISO 291. Thus, an "aged sample" is obtained.

[0146] Hydrolysis resistance is evaluated by comparing the surface appearance (i.e. any occurrence of cracks) and the friction coefficient of the aged sample and the reference sample. Hydrolysis resistance is rated "+", if the surface of the aged sample is intact, i.e. no surface cracks are visible, and the difference between the friction coefficient of the aged sample and the reference sample does not exceed 10 %. If the cracks are visible in the surface of the aged sample and/or the difference between the friction coefficient of the aged sample and the reference sample is more than 10 %, hydrolysis resistance is rated "-".

Abrasion resistance:



[0147] After a material has been manufactured, it is stored under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008 for one week. Then, four samples are cut from the material to be tested. Two of these samples are subjected to accelerated ageing as described with respect to hydrolysis resistance in order to obtain two aged samples. The other two samples are measured without ageing

[0148] The abrasion resistance relates to the abrasion resistance according to Martindale and is measured as described in EN ISO 5470-2:2003, method 1, for a dry sample using a specified worsted fabric under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008. The worsted fabric is rubbed across the sample surface to be tested under a pressure of 12 kPa. The number of rubbing cycles is counted and the surface of the sample is inspected every 5000 cycles until a number of 30000 cycles is reached. Then the surface is inspected every 10000 cycles until a number of 50000 cycles is reached, every 25000 cycles until a number of 100000 cycles is reached. A fresh piece of worsted fabric is placed into the testing apparatus after 50,000 cycles have been completed. At each inspection, the sample surface is rated according to the scheme defined in EN ISO 5470-2:2003. The test is continued when the state of the sample surface is rated "2" or better. The test is stopped when a number of 100000 cycles is reached or when the state of the sample surface is rated inferior to "2" (such as "3"). The number of cycles is noted, i.e. a high number indicates relatively high abrasion resistance.

[0149] For each material to be tested, two samples are tested and the arithmetic mean of the number of cycles is calculated.

Bending resistance:



[0150] After a material has been manufactured, it is stored under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008 for one week. Then, 9 samples are cut from the material to be tested, which are conditioned by storing it for 24 hours under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with DIN ISO 291.

[0151] The bending resistance is measured for 3 samples in the machine direction and for 3 samples in transversal direction, i.e. 9 samples in total, as described in EN ISO 32100:2018. The number of bending cycles is counted and the surface of the samples is inspected every 5000 cycles until a number of 30000 cycles is reached. Then the surface is inspected every 10000 cycles until a number of 50000 cycles is reached, every 25000 cycles until a number of 100000 cycles is reached. At each inspection, the sample surface is rated according to the scheme defined in EN ISO 32100:2018. The test is continued when the state of the sample surface is rated "2" or better. The test is stopped when a number of 100000 cycles is reached or when the state of the sample surface is rated inferior to "2" (such as "3"). The number of cycles is noted, i.e. a high number indicates relatively high bending resistance.

[0152] For each material to be tested, the arithmetic mean of the number of cycles recorded for the 9 samples tested is calculated.

Lightfastness:



[0153] The lightfastness is measured as described in EN ISO 105-B02:2014, wherein assessment is carried out according to the blue scale standard, method 3, exposure cycle A1. The sample is obtained from a material that does not contain any colorizing agent. The measurement conditions are as follows.
Irradiation: 42.0 W/m2
Temperature of the sample environment: 30 °C
Black standard temperature: 48 °C
Relative humidity: 40 %


[0154] Lightfastness is rated on a scale ranging from 1 to 8 as defined in EN ISO 105-B02:2014, wherein a higher numerical value relates to a higher rating of lightfastness, i.e. 8 relates to the highest level of lightfastness.

[0155] A sample is obtained from a material that does not contain any colorizing agent after it has been stored under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008 for one week after its manufacture.

Friction coefficient µ:



[0156] The friction coefficient represents a parameter that correlates with the hand of the surface of a material. A material surface having a low friction coefficient is commonly perceived as giving a smooth and pleasant feel when it comes in contact with human skin, for instance because it is touched with fingers. The friction coefficient is therefore a parameter suitable for quantifying the hand of the tested surface of a material. A low friction coefficient measured for a specific surface of a material indicates good hand of this material surface.

[0157] The friction coefficient µ is measured according to the following procedure.

[0158] After a material has been manufactured, it is stored under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008 for one week. A total of three samples each having dimensions of 3 cm x 4 cm is cut from the material to be tested.

[0159] A plane glass sheet having dimensions of at least 10 cm x 10 cm (cut from ordinary window glass) is cleaned from any greasy and non-greasy surface contaminations such as fingerprints etc. using acetone and allowed to dry at room temperature. The cleaned surface of the glass sheet is levelled and fixed in exact horizontal orientation under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008.

[0160] Each sample is placed on the glass sheet with the surface of which the friction coefficient is to be tested facing the surface of the glass sheet. A metal weight of 200 g having a cylindrical shape with a circular base area of 6.2 cm2 (i.e. a diameter of about 2.8 cm) is placed on the sample. This metal weight exerts a normal force FN of 1.96 N. A spring scale is attached to the sample. The spring scale is drawn in a direction parallel to the surface of the glass sheet by gradually increasing the force applied until the sample is moved a small distance across the surface. The force applied is decreased until the sample comes to rest again. The value indicated on the spring scale in the moment in which the sample comes to rest is read.

[0161] For each sample, three measurements are carried out. Thus, nine readings are obtained for the material to be tested. It is immediately understood that the reading has to be converted to the unit of a force, i.e. Newton. For instance, if the reading is in the unit "gram" (because the spring scale is designed as a balance for measuring a mass m), the reading has to be converted to the static friction FR having the unit Newton using the equation FR = m • 9.81 m/s2.

[0162] From the nine readings obtained, the arithmetic mean is calculated. The friction coefficient µ is calculated as the ratio of static friction FR and normal force FN according to the equation µ = FR / FN.

[0163] As indicated, a low value of the friction coefficient µ indicates good hand of the tested material surface, i.e. the lower the friction coefficient µ, the better the hand of the material. A friction coefficient of more than 0.45 (µ > 0.45) indicates unsatisfactory hand.

Viscosity:



[0164] All viscosity data indicated within the framework of the present invention were measured using a Brookfield Digital Rheometer Model DV-III, spindle #7, at 10 rpm. All measurements are conducted under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008 and after the sample has been stored for one hour under these conditions.

Examples 1 to 7: Preparation of multilayer composites



[0165] Exemplary multilayer composites containing four layers (namely, in this order, backing material, adhesive, basecoat, topcoat) are prepared according to a transfer coating method using an embossed release paper (type DE-43 APZ, commercially available from Ajinomoto Trading Inc.). On a laboratory scale, the process is carried out in a discontinuous manner.

[0166] The following compounds were used in the preparation of exemplary composite materials.

(A-1)a: Vinyl-functionalized polysiloxane (Hansa SFA 42102)
Mw ≈ 28000 g/mol, viscosity 1000 mPa·s, vinyl functionalization ≈ 0.13 mmol/g

(A-1)b: Vinyl-functionalized polysiloxane (Hansa SFA 42103)
Mw ≈ 63000 g/mol, viscosity 10000 mPa·s, vinyl functionalization ≈ 0.05 mmol/g

(A-1)c: Vinyl-functionalized polysiloxane (Hansa SFA 42100)
Mw ≈ 6000 g/mol, viscosity 100 mPa·s, vinyl functionalization ≈ 0.37 mmol/g

(A-2)a: H-functionalized polysiloxane (Hansa SFA 11340)
Mw ≈ 24000 g/mol, viscosity 2000 mPa·s, H-functionalization ≈ 0.33 mmol/g

(A-2)b: H-functionalized polysiloxane (Hansa SFA 11230)
Mw ≈ 10000 g/mol, viscosity 200 mPa·s, H-functionalization ≈ 2.3 mmol/g

(A-2c): H-functionalized polysiloxane (Hansa SFA 12010)
Mw ≈ 1000 g/mol, viscosity 10 mPa·sm H-functionalization ≈ 1.4 mmol/g

(A-3): pyrogenic silica (Aerosil 300V)
specific surface (BET) ≈ 300 m2/g, surface-modified with (H3C)3Si- groups and (vinyl)(H3C)2Si-groups, vinyl functionalization ≈ 0.06 mmol/g

(A-4): Vinyl-functionalized polysiloxane (Hansa SFA 41391)
Mw ≈ 50000 g/mol, viscosity 5000 mPa·s, vinyl functionalization ≈ 0.96 mmol/g

(A-5): Karstedt catalyst (Pt(0) complex with 1,3-divinyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane; [O(Si(CH3)2CH=CH2)2]3Pt2; molecular weight = 949.36 g/mol; Pt content = 41.10 wt.-%)

(B-1): Silicone resin containing trimethoxysilyl groups and 3-methacryloylpropyl groups; Mw ≈ 3000 g/mol, content of methoxy groups attached to silicon ≈ 15 % wt.-%, (iSys RES 731)

(B-2)a: Polypropylenoxide having terminal dimethoxymethylsilyl groups (Silyl™ SAX015, commercially available from Kaneka Belgium N.V.)

(B-2)b: Aliphatic polyurethane having terminal trimethoxysilyl groups (Desmoseal® S XP 2749, commercially available from Covestro AG, Germany)

(B-4): Mixture of tetra-isopropyl titanate and tetra-n-butyl titanate,
content of TiO2 about 27.1 % (Tyzor TPT-20B, commercially available from Dorf Ketal B.V., the Netherlands)

(C): Quartz and kaolinite ("Neuburger Kieselerde"), CAS no. 1020665-14-8, surface-modified with a methacryl silane (Aktisil Q, Hoffmann Mineral GmbH)


Adhesive layer: Tubcosil HAB 5-1



[0167] All grades of Hansa SFA, Tubcosil and iSys RES 731 are commercially available from CHT Germany GmbH, Tubingen, Germany.

[0168] The procedure for forming multilayer composites comprises steps (1) to (3) as described in the following.

(1) Formation of topcoat layer:



[0169] A topcoat silicone preparation curing by an addition reaction and a condensation reaction is obtained by mixing the components indicated in table 1. A topcoat layer is formed by coating this silicone preparation onto the surface of an embossed release paper sheet and curing the coating. The thickness of this coating is 5-10 µm or 20 µm as indicated in table 1. The silicone preparation is applied by means of an air knife in order to obtain a coating thickness of 5-10 µm, wherein the range indicated for the thickness essentially results from the embossed surface structure of the release paper. Alternatively, the silicone preparation is applied by means of a knife-over-roll combination, wherein the gap width is set to 20 µm over the paper surface. Curing of the coating is effected by heating this combination of release paper and topcoat silicone preparation to 150 °C for 2 minutes in an oven. For these steps, a combination of dryer and laboratory coating table of type "Labcoater" (commercially available from Mathis AG, Switzerland) is used.

[0170] In the topcoat silicone preparation, three grades of α,ω-divinyl organopolysiloxanes (A-1) are used. 127 parts by weight of Hansa SFA 42102: Mw of about 28000 g/mol,
24 parts by weight of Hansa SFA 42103: Mw of about 63000 g/mol, and
60 parts by weight of Hansa SFA 42100: Mw of about 6000 g/mol,
i.e. 211 parts by weight of α,ω-divinyl organopolysiloxanes (A-1) in total.
It can be calculated that the molecular weight Mw of the mixture of α,ω-divinyl organopolysiloxanes (A-1) thus present in the silicone preparation is about 25725 g/mol.

(2) Formation of basecoat layer:



[0171] An addition-curing silicone preparation having a viscosity of 80000 mPa·s and a pot life of more than 12 hours (measured at under controlled conditions of 23 ± 1°C und 50 ± 5% relative humidity in accordance with EN ISO 291:2008) is obtained by mixing a composition comprising an alkenyl-functionalized siloxane and a platinum catalyst with a composition comprising an organohydrogenpolysiloxane. A basecoat layer having a thickness of 300 µm is formed by coating this addition-curing silicone preparation onto the layer of the cured topcoat of the aforementioned combination of release paper and topcoat layer and curing the coating. Curing of the coating is effected by heating this combination of release paper and topcoat silicone preparation to 150 °C for 2 minutes in an oven. For these steps, a combination of dryer and laboratory coating table of type "Labcoater" (commercially available from Mathis AG, Switzerland) is used.

[0172] This basecoat has a Shore A hardness of 30-60, a tensile strength (measured according to DIN 53504 S3 A after 14 days of storage at 23 °C and 50 % relative humidity) of 3 N/mm2 or higher, an elongation at break (measured according to DIN 53504 S3 A after 14 days of storage at 23 °C and 50 % relative humidity) of 150 % or higher and a resistance to further tearing (measured according to ASTM D 624 form B after 14 days of storage at 23 °C and 50 % relative humidity) of 8 N/mm or higher.

(3) Formation of adhesive layer and application of backing material:



[0173] An addition-curing silicone preparation is obtained by mixing two compositions commercially available as a kit under the tradename "Tubcosil HAB 5-1" from CHT Germany GmbH, Germany. An adhesive coating layer having a thickness of 20 µm is formed by coating this silicone preparation onto the cured basecoat layer of the aforementioned combination of release paper, topcoat layer and basecoat layer. A polyester knitwear having an area density of 200 g/m2 (Art. 30757 as commercially available from Mattes & Ammann GmbH & Co.KG, Germany) is used as the backing material and is placed on the adhesive coating layer. Curing of the coating is effected by heating this combination of release paper and topcoat silicone preparation to 150 °C for 2 minutes in an oven. For these steps, a combination of dryer and laboratory coating table of type "Labcoater" (commercially available from Mathis AG, Switzerland) is used. Subsequently, the release paper sheet is removed from the topcoat layer.

[0174] The properties of the multilayer composite thus prepared are determined according to the procedures described hereinabove. The results are shown in table 3.

Comparative examples 1 to 3: Preparation of multilayer composites



[0175] Comparative multilayer composites are prepared as summarized in table 2 according to the procedure described with respect to examples 1 to 7, which is modified such as to result in the following differences.

[0176] In the multilayer composite of comparative examples 1 and 2, the silicone preparation from which the topcoat layer is formed does not contain component (B-2). In comparative example 1, the silicone preparation for forming the topcoat layer is applied by means of an air knife in order to obtain a coating thickness of 5-10 µm, i.e. in the same manner as in examples 1, 2 and 4. In comparative example 2, the silicone preparation for forming the topcoat layer is applied by by means of a knife-over-roll combination, wherein the gap width is set to 20 µm over the paper surface, i.e. in the same manner as in examples 3 and 5-7.

[0177] In comparative example 3, a multilayer composite was formed comprising only three layers, i.e. a silicone preparation for forming a topcoat layer as described in examples 1-7 and comparative examples 1 and 2 was not applied. Thus, the uppermost layer of the multilayer composite was the basecoat layer.

[0178] The properties of the multilayer composites thus prepared are determined according to the procedures described hereinabove. The results are shown in table 3.
Table 1: Topcoat-forming silicone preparation (amounts of components in parts by weight)
 Example
1234567
(A-1)a 127 127 127 127 127 127 127
(A-1)b 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
(A-1)c 60 60 60 60 60 60 60
(A-2)a 21 21 21 21 21 21 21
(A-2)b 42 42 42 42 42 42 42
(A-2)c 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
(A-3) 41 41 41 41 41 41 41
(A-4) 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
Total (A-1) to (A-4) 341 341 341 341 341 341 341
(B-1) 331 290 290 248 248 331 290
(B-2)a 42 83 83 125 125 0 0
(B-2)b 0 0 0 0 0 42 83
Total (B-1) to (B-2) 373 373 373 373 373 373 373
(C) 286 286 286 286 286 286 286
Total (A)+(B)+(C) 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
(A-5) 0.096(1) 0.096(1) 0.096(1) 0.096(1) 0.096(1) 0.096(1) 0.096(1)
(B-4) 8.5(2) 8.5(2) 8.5(2) 8.5(2) 8.5(2) 8.5(2) 8.5(2)
Topcoat layer [µm] 5-10 5-10 20 5-10 20 20 20
(1) Amount of catalyst (A-5) is equivalent to 115 ppm of Pt relative to the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4).
(2) Amount of catalyst (B-4) is equivalent to 2.3 % by weight relative to the total amount of components (B-1) to (B-3).
Table 2: Topcoat-forming silicone preparation (amounts of components in parts by weight)
 Comparative example
123
(A-1)a 127 127 --
(A-1)b 24 24 --
(A-1)c 60 60 --
(A-2)a 21 21 --
(A-2)b 42 42 --
(A-2)c 14 14 --
(A-3) 41 41 --
(A-4) 12 12 --
Total (A-1) to (A-4) 341 341 --
(B-1) 373 290 --
(B-2)a 0 83 --
(B-2)b 0 0 --
Total (B-1) to (B-2) 373 373 --
(C) 286 286 --
Total (A)+(B)+(C) 1000 1000 --
(A-5) 0.096(1) 0.096(1) --
(B-4) 8.5(2) 8.5(2) --
Topcoat layer [µm] 5-10 20 n.a.
(1) Amount of catalyst (A-5) is equivalent to 115 ppm of Pt relative to the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4).
(2) Amount of catalyst (B-4) is equivalent to 2.3 % by weight relative to the total amount of components (B-1) to (B-3).
Table 3: Properties of multilayer composites
 ComparativeExample
1231234567
Hydrolysis resistance + + n.d. + + + n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d.
Abrasion resistance                    
- reference sample 25000 50000 n.d. 40000 50000 100000 50000 100000 40000 50000
- aged sample 25000 n.d. n.d. n.d. 50000 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d.
[cycles]                    
Bending resistance                    
- reference sample 100000 5000 n.d. 100000 100000 100000 100000 100000 100000 100000
- aged sample 100000 n.d. n.d.   100000          
[cycles]                    
Lightfastness 8 8 n.d. 8 8 8 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d.
Friction coefficient µ 0.23 0.21 0.74 0.34 0.39 0.35 0.45 0.38 0.30 0.33
n.d. = not determined


[0179] These examples and comparative examples show that the present invention provides a silicone preparation that is suitable to impart advantageous properties to a multilayer composite, in particular mechanical stability (such as abrasion resistance and bending resistance), light resistance, aging resistance and pleasant hand.


Claims

1. First kit comprising a composition (a) and a composition (b), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) are spatially separated from each other and composition (a) and composition (b) comprise

(A-1) 100-350 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having terminal alkenyl groups and a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more;

(A-2) 25-100 parts by weight of an organohydrogenpolysiloxane having 5-300 siloxane repeating units, of which 2-100 repeating unit have Si-H bonds;

(A-3) 0-150 parts by weight of hydrophobized silica that optionally has alkenyl groups on its surface;

(A-4) 0-40 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having at least two alkenyl groups per molecule and having a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more;

(A-5) 0.1-1000 ppm of a hydrosilylation catalyst comprising a transition metal, expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);

(B-1) 200-450 parts by weight of a silicone resin containing at least one group -SiR9bY3-b, wherein
R9 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms, that is optionally substituted with an acryloyl group, a methacryloyl group, or a combination of these;
Y is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
b is 0, 1 or 2;

(B-2) 25-125 parts by weight of an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein
R6 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms,
X is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
a is 0, 1 or 2, and
the polymer backbone is selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester;

(B-3) 0-25 parts by weight of a silane component selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein
R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms and
R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-; and

(B-4) 0.5-5 % by weight of a condensation reaction catalyst, relative to the total weight of components (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3);

(C) 150-400 parts by weight of a filler;

wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight, preferably at least 80 % by weight, more preferably at least 90 % by weight, most preferably at least 95 % by weight, of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b),
with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (a) and composition (b):

(A-2) and (A-5);

(B-4) and one or more of (B-1), (B-2), (B-3);

and wherein
component (A-1) is preferably is a linear organopolysiloxane of formula (I)

        R2-(Si(R1)2)-(O-Si(R1)2)p-(O-Si(R1)2)-R2     (I),

wherein
each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms,
each R2 independently represent a linear alkenyl group having 2-6 carbon atoms, and
p represents a numerical value in the range of 30-2000;
component (A-2) is preferably component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II)

        R3qHrSiO(4-q-r)/2     (II)

wherein

q and r each are numerical values fulfilling the conditions





R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms;

component (A-3) is preferably a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkenyl groups having 2-4 carbon atoms or any combination of these;

component (A-4) preferably consists of the following substructures



        ((R2)(R1)2SiO1/2)w

        ((R1)3SiO1/2)2-w

        ((R1)2SiO2/2)u

        ((R1)(R2)SiO2/2)v

wherein

each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms,

each R2 independently represent a linear alkenyl group having 2-6 carbon atoms, and

u represents a numerical value fulfilling the condition 30 ≤ u ≤ 1300,

v represent a numerical value fulfilling the condition (2-w) ≤ v ≤ 170,

w represents 0, 1 or 2;

component (A-5) is preferably a compound comprising a transition metal selected from platinum, palladium and rhodium; more preferably Karstedt's catalyst;

component (B-1) preferably has a weight-average molecular weight Mw in the range of 300-10000 g/mol; wherein component (B-1) more preferably comprises (R4)SiO3/2 units and, optionally, (R4)3SiO1/2 units, (R4)2SiO2/2 units, and SiO4/2 units, wherein each R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, H2C=CH-C(=O)-O-R5- (an acryloxy alkylene group) or H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-R5- (a methacryloxy alkylene group), wherein R5 represents a linear alkylene group having 1-6 carbon atoms;

component (B-2) is preferably an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein R6 is an alkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms, wherein R6 more preferably is an alkyl group selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl and 2-methyl-2-propyl, and the polymer backbone is preferably selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate, poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester, each of which can be linear or branched;

component (B-3) is preferably selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein
R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms and
R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-;

component (B-4) is preferably a compound comprising Ti, Zr, Al, Sn, or Zn, more preferably a compound represented by Mt(O-A1)4, wherein Mt represents Ti or Zr and A1 is selected from methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl and 2-methyl-2-propyl;

component (C) is preferably selected from titanium oxide, iron oxide, cerium oxide, vanadium oxide, cobalt oxide, chromium oxide, manganese oxide, silicon dioxide, diatomaceous earth, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, alumina, hollow glass beads, hollow resin beads, silicates, alumosilicates and any combination of these; component (C) more preferably is different from component (A-3) and still more preferably selected from silicon dioxide, kaolinite and any combination of these.


 
2. First silicone preparation obtainable by mixing composition (a) and composition (b) of the first kit defined in claim 1.
 
3. Method of curing the first silicone preparation defined in claim 2, wherein curing is effected by heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C, more preferably 120-190 °C, wherein heating is preferably conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes, more preferably 1-3 minutes, even more preferably 1-2 minutes.
 
4. First cured material obtainable by curing the first silicone preparation defined claim 2, wherein curing is preferably effected by means of the method defined in claim 3.
 
5. Second kit comprising a composition (c) and composition (d), wherein composition (c) and composition (d) are spatially separated from each other and composition (c) and composition (d) comprise
400-800 parts by weight of component (A-1) which is as defined in claim 1;
10-200 parts by weight of component (A-2) which is as defined in claim 1;
0-300 parts by weight of component (A-3) which is as defined claim 1;
0-40 parts by weight of component (A-4) which is as defined in claim 1;
0.1-1000 ppm of component (A-5), which is as defined in claim 1, expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);
0.5-50 parts by weight of component (B-3) which is as defined in claim 1;
0.5-5 % by weight of component (B-4), which is as defined in claim 1, relative to the total weight of component (B-3);
0-400 parts by weight of component (C) which is as defined under claim 1;
wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-1), (B-3) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-3), (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (c) and (d),
with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (c) and composition (d):

(A-2) and (A-5);

(B-4) and (B-3).


 
6. Second silicone preparation obtainable by mixing composition (c) and composition (d) of the kit defined in claim 5.
 
7. Method of curing the second silicone preparation defined under item (148) or (149), wherein curing is effected by heating the second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C, more preferably 120-190 °C, wherein heating is preferably conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes, more preferably 1-3 minutes, even more preferably 1-2 minutes.
 
8. Multilayer composite comprising

(i) a backing material;

(ii) optionally an adhesive layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined in claim 6;

(iii) a basecoat layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined in claim 6, wherein the second silicone preparation for forming the basecoat layer can have the same or different constitution as the second silicone preparation for forming the adhesive layer;

(iv) a topcoat layer obtainable by curing the first silicone preparation defined in claim 1; wherein the backing material, the optional adhesive layer, the basecoat layer and the topcoat layer are present in the order in which they are mentioned;

wherein the backing material preferably is a textile material, which comprises natural fibers, synthetic fibers or a combination of these, or leather;
wherein the natural fibers are preferably selected from the group consisting of cotton, wool, hemp, sisal, flax, jute and any combination of these;
wherein the synthetic fibers are polymer fibers, wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of rayon, polyurethane, polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyamide, polyacrylnitrile, polycarbonate and any combination of these.
 
9. Multilayer composite comprising as defined in claim 8, wherein the multilayer composite comprises an adhesive layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined in claim 6.
 
10. Multilayer composite comprising as defined in claim 8 or claim 9, wherein the multilayer composite is part of a garment, footwear, glove, upholstery fabric, or trim material.
 
11. Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined in claim 8 comprising the steps of

(i) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto a surface of a backing material,

(ii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a cured material as a basecoat layer,

(iii) coating a first silicone preparation defined claim 2 onto the surface of the first cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (ii),

(iv) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a topcoat layer.


 
12. Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined in claim 9 comprising the steps of

(i) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto a surface of a backing material,

(ii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as an adhesive layer,

(iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined claim 6 onto the surface of the second cured material of the adhesive layer formed in step (ii),

(iv) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,

(v) coating a first silicone preparation defined claim 2 onto the surface of the second cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (iv),

(vi) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer;

wherein the second silicone preparation coated in step (i) has the same or different constitution as the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).
 
13. Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined in claim 9 comprising the steps of

(i) coating a first silicone preparation defined in claim 2 onto the surface of a release material,

(ii) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer,

(iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii),

(iv) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,

(v) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto the surface of the second cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (iv),

(vi) placing a backing material onto the second silicone preparation coating formed in step (v),

(vii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as an adhesive layer,

(viii)removing the release material from the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii);

wherein the second silicone preparation coated in step (i) has the same or different constitution as the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).
 
14. Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined in claim 9 comprising the steps of

(i) coating a first silicone preparation defined in claim 2 onto the surface of a release material,

(ii) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer,

(iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii),

(iv) placing a backing material onto the second silicone preparation coating formed in step (iii),

(v) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,

(vi) removing the release material from the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii).


 


Amended claims in accordance with Rule 137(2) EPC.


1. First kit comprising a composition (a) and a composition (b), wherein composition (a) and composition (b) are spatially separated from each other and composition (a) and composition (b) comprise

(A-1) 100-350 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having terminal alkenyl groups and a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more, determined by gel permeation chromatography;

(A-2) 25-100 parts by weight of an organohydrogenpolysiloxane having 5-300 siloxane repeating units, of which 2-100 repeating unit have Si-H bonds;

(A-3) 0-150 parts by weight of hydrophobized silica that optionally has alkenyl groups on its surface;

(A-4) 0-40 parts by weight of a linear organopolysiloxane having at least two alkenyl groups per molecule and having a molecular weight Mw of 3000 g/mol or more, determined by gel permeation chromatography;

(A-5) 0.1-1000 ppm of a hydrosilylation catalyst comprising a transition metal, expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);

(B-1) 200-450 parts by weight of a silicone resin containing at least one group -SiR9bY3-b, wherein
R9 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms, that is optionally substituted with an acryloyl group, a methacryloyl group, or a combination of these;
Y is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
b is 0, 1 or 2;

(B-2) 25-125 parts by weight of an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein
R6 is a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 carbon atoms,
X is a hydroxyl group or a hydrolysable group selected from halogen and an alkoxy group having 1-3 carbon atoms,
a is 0, 1 or 2, and
the polymer backbone is selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester;

(B-3) 0-25 parts by weight of a silane component selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein
R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms and
R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-; and

(B-4) 0.5-5 % by weight of a condensation reaction catalyst, relative to the total weight of components (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3);

(C) 150-400 parts by weight of a filler;

wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-1), (B-2) and (B-3) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-1) to (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight, preferably at least 80 % by weight, more preferably at least 90 % by weight, most preferably at least 95 % by weight, of the total weight of compositions (a) and (b),
with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (a) and composition (b):

(A-2) and (A-5);

(B-4) and one or more of (B-1), (B-2), (B-3);

and wherein
component (A-1) is preferably is a linear organopolysiloxane of formula (I)

        R2-(Si(R1)2)-(O-Si(R1)2)p-(O-Si(R1)2)-R2     (I),

wherein

each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms,

each R2 independently represent a linear alkenyl group having 2-6 carbon atoms, and

p represents a numerical value in the range of 30-2000;
component (A-2) is preferably component (A-2) has a composition represented by formula (II)

        R3qHrSiO(4-q-r)/2     (II)

wherein

q and r each are numerical values fulfilling the conditions

0.7 ≤ q ≤ 2.1,

0.01 ≤ r ≤ 1.0,

0.8 ≤ q + r ≤ 3.0,

R3 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms;

component (A-3) is preferably a silica powder having on its surface hydrophobic groups selected from linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkenyl groups having 2-4 carbon atoms or any combination of these;

component (A-4) preferably consists of the following substructures

        ((R2)(R1)2SiO1/2)w

        ((R1)3SiO1/2)2-w

        ((R1)2SiO2/2)u

        ((R1)(R2)SiO2/2)v

wherein

each R1 independently represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms,

each R2 independently represent a linear alkenyl group having 2-6 carbon atoms, and

u represents a numerical value fulfilling the condition 30 ≤ u ≤ 1300,

v represent a numerical value fulfilling the condition (2-w) ≤ v ≤ 170,

w represents 0, 1 or 2;

component (A-5) is preferably a compound comprising a transition metal selected from platinum, palladium and rhodium; more preferably Karstedt's catalyst;

component (B-1) preferably has a weight-average molecular weight Mw in the range of 300-10000 g/mol, determined by gel permeation chromatography; wherein component (B-1) more preferably comprises (R4)SiO3/2 units and, optionally, (R4)3SiO1/2 units, (R4)2SiO2/2 units, and SiO4/2 units, wherein

each R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of linear or branched alkyl groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched alkoxy groups having 1-4 carbon atoms, H2C=CH-C(=O)-O-R5- (an acryloxy alkylene group) or H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-R5-(a methacryloxy alkylene group), wherein R5 represents a linear alkylene group having 1-6 carbon atoms;

component (B-2) is preferably an organic polymer having at least two groups -SiR6aX3-a attached to its polymer backbone, wherein R6 is an alkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms, wherein R6 more preferably is an alkyl group selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl and 2-methyl-2-propyl, and the polymer backbone is preferably selected from a polyether, polyurethane, polyacrylate, poly(meth)acrylate, saturated polyolefin and polyester, each of which can be linear or branched;

component (B-3) is preferably selected from Si(O-R7)4, (R8)Si(O-R7)3 and a combination of these, wherein

R7 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms and

R8 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-3 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=CH-C(=O)-O- or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which is substituted with H2C=C(CH3)-C(=O)-O-;

component (B-4) is preferably a compound comprising Ti, Zr, Al, Sn, or Zn, more preferably a compound represented by Mt(O-Al)4, wherein Mt represents Ti or Zr and A1 is selected from methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl and 2-methyl-2-propyl;

component (C) is preferably selected from titanium oxide, iron oxide, cerium oxide, vanadium oxide, cobalt oxide, chromium oxide, manganese oxide, silicon dioxide, diatomaceous earth, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, alumina, hollow glass beads, hollow resin beads, silicates, alumosilicates and any combination of these; component (C) more preferably is different from component (A-3) and still more preferably selected from silicon dioxide, kaolinite and any combination of these.


 
2. First silicone preparation obtainable by mixing composition (a) and composition (b) of the first kit defined in claim 1.
 
3. Method of curing the first silicone preparation defined in claim 2, wherein curing is effected by heating the first silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C, more preferably 120-190 °C, wherein heating is preferably conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes, more preferably 1-3 minutes, even more preferably 1-2 minutes.
 
4. First cured material obtainable by curing the first silicone preparation defined claim 2, wherein curing is preferably effected by means of the method defined in claim 3.
 
5. Second kit comprising a composition (c) and composition (d), wherein composition (c) and composition (d) are spatially separated from each other and composition (c) and composition (d) comprise

400-800 parts by weight of component (A-1) which is as defined in claim 1;

10-200 parts by weight of component (A-2) which is as defined in claim 1;

0-300 parts by weight of component (A-3) which is as defined claim 1;

0-40 parts by weight of component (A-4) which is as defined in claim 1;

0.1-1000 ppm of component (A-5), which is as defined in claim 1, expressed in terms of the weight of the transition metal relative to the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-4);

0.5-50 parts by weight of component (B-3) which is as defined in claim 1;

0.5-5 % by weight of component (B-4), which is as defined in claim 1, relative to the total weight of component (B-3);

0-400 parts by weight of component (C) which is as defined under claim 1;

wherein the total amount of components (A-1) to (A-4), (B-1), (B-3) and (C) is 1000 parts by weight and the total weight of components (A-1) to (A-5), (B-3), (B-4) and (C) is at least 75 % by weight of the total weight of compositions (c) and (d),
with the proviso that the following components are not present together in one of composition (c) and composition (d):

(A-2) and (A-5);

(B-4) and (B-3).


 
6. Second silicone preparation obtainable by mixing composition (c) and composition (d) of the kit defined in claim 5.
 
7. Method of curing the second silicone preparation defined in claim 6, wherein curing is effected by heating the second silicone preparation to a temperature in the range of 100-200 °C, more preferably 120-190 °C, wherein heating is preferably conducted over a period of 0.5-5 minutes, more preferably 1-3 minutes, even more preferably 1-2 minutes.
 
8. Multilayer composite comprising

(i) a backing material;

(ii) optionally an adhesive layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined in claim 6;

(iii) a basecoat layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined in claim 6, wherein the second silicone preparation for forming the basecoat layer can have the same or different constitution as the second silicone preparation for forming the adhesive layer;

(iv) a topcoat layer obtainable by curing the first silicone preparation defined in claim 1; wherein the backing material, the optional adhesive layer, the basecoat layer and the topcoat layer are present in the order in which they are mentioned;

wherein the backing material preferably is a textile material, which comprises natural fibers, synthetic fibers or a combination of these, or leather;
wherein the natural fibers are preferably selected from the group consisting of cotton, wool, hemp, sisal, flax, jute and any combination of these;
wherein the synthetic fibers are polymer fibers, wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of rayon, polyurethane, polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyamide, polyacrylnitrile, polycarbonate and any combination of these.
 
9. Multilayer composite comprising as defined in claim 8, wherein the multilayer composite comprises an adhesive layer obtainable by curing the second silicone preparation defined in claim 6.
 
10. Multilayer composite comprising as defined in claim 8 or claim 9, wherein the multilayer composite is part of a garment, footwear, glove, upholstery fabric, or trim material.
 
11. Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined in claim 8 comprising the steps of

(i) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto a surface of a backing material,

(ii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a cured material as a basecoat layer,

(iii) coating a first silicone preparation defined claim 2 onto the surface of the first cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (ii),

(iv) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a topcoat layer.


 
12. Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined in claim 9 comprising the steps of

(i) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto a surface of a backing material,

(ii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as an adhesive layer,

(iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined claim 6 onto the surface of the second cured material of the adhesive layer formed in step (ii),

(iv) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,

(v) coating a first silicone preparation defined claim 2 onto the surface of the second cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (iv),

(vi) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer;

wherein the second silicone preparation coated in step (i) has the same or different constitution as the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).
 
13. Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined in claim 9 comprising the steps of

(i) coating a first silicone preparation defined in claim 2 onto the surface of a release material,

(ii) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer,

(iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii),

(iv) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,

(v) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto the surface of the second cured material of the basecoat layer formed in step (iv),

(vi) placing a backing material onto the second silicone preparation coating formed in step (v),

(vii) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as an adhesive layer,

(viii)removing the release material from the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii);

wherein the second silicone preparation coated in step (i) has the same or different constitution as the second silicone preparation coated in step (iii).
 
14. Method of preparing a multilayer composite as defined in claim 9 comprising the steps of

(i) coating a first silicone preparation defined in claim 2 onto the surface of a release material,

(ii) curing the coating of the first silicone preparation in order to form a first cured material as a topcoat layer,

(iii) coating a second silicone preparation defined in claim 6 onto the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii),

(iv) placing a backing material onto the second silicone preparation coating formed in step (iii),

(v) curing the coating of the second silicone preparation in order to form a second cured material as a basecoat layer,

(vi) removing the release material from the surface of the first cured material of the topcoat layer formed in step (ii).


 





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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description