(19)
(11)EP 3 726 285 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
21.10.2020 Bulletin 2020/43

(21)Application number: 19748254.0

(22)Date of filing:  17.01.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G02F 1/13357(2006.01)
G02B 6/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2019/072194
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/149085 (08.08.2019 Gazette  2019/32)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 31.01.2018 CN 201810106074

(71)Applicant: GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORP., LTD.
Wusha, Chang'an Dongguan, Guangdong 523860 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • LU, Zhongheng
    Dongguan, Guangdong 523860 (CN)

(74)Representative: Manitz Finsterwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltspartnerschaft mbB 
Martin-Greif-Strasse 1
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND DISPLAY ASSEMBLY AND BACKLIGHT MODULE THEREOF


(57) An electronic device (50), a display assembly (53) thereof, and a backlight module (531) thereof are provided. The backlight module (531) includes: a light guide plate (13); a plurality of light sources (21), arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate (13) and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate (13); a light homogenizer (14), arranged on the light guide plate (13); a flexible circuit board (16), partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate (13) uncovered by the light homogenizer (14), and a reservation gap defined between the flexible circuit board (16) and the light homogenizer (14); a light-shielding layer (15), arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module (531) and including a plurality of first and second light-shielding portions (151, 152). The first light-shielding portions (151) are arranged on regions corresponding to the light sources (21). The second light-shielding portions (152) are arranged on regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources (21). A thickness of the first light-shielding portions (151) is greater than that of the second light-shielding portions (152). A width of the non-display region of the backlight module (531) may be reduced, and technical problems of light escaping out of the backlight module (531) and unequal brightness of the backlight module (531) may be reduced.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates to the field of backlight technology of electronic devices, and in particular to an electronic device, a display assembly of an electronic device, and a backlight module of an electronic device.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Currently, as technologies evolve, electronic devices, such as a smart mobile phone, have become a necessity of people's daily lives gradually.

[0003] A backlight module is a significant component of an electronic device. Currently the backlight module of a portable electronic device, such as a mobile phone, is typically an edge-type backlight module. That is, light emitted from a light source enters a light guide plate from a side edge of the light guide plate, such that backlight may be provided to a display panel through the light guide plate. However, the light source of the edge -type backlight module and some structures related to such the light source may be required to be arranged at the side edge of the light guide plate, and therefore, a relatively large portion of a non-display region may be occupied, and an electronic device having a narrow edge and a full screen may not be easily achieved. Manufacturers have focused on how to reduce a width of the backlight module in the non-display region without impacting the backlight module and enabling the display panel to display normally.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



[0004] According to a first aspect of the present disclosure, a backlight module is provided and includes: a light guide plate; a plurality of light sources; a light homogenizer; a flexible circuit board; and a light-shielding layer. The plurality of light sources are arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate. The light homogenizer is arranged on the light guide plate. The flexible circuit board is partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, and a reservation gap is defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer. The light-shielding layer is arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap. The light-shielding layer includes a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0005] According to a second aspect of the present disclosure, a display assembly is provided and includes a display panel and a backlight module providing backlight for the display panel. The backlight module includes: a light guide plate; a plurality of light sources; a light homogenizer; a flexible circuit board; and a light-shielding layer. The plurality of light sources are arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate. The light homogenizer is arranged on the light guide plate. The flexible circuit board is partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, and a reservation gap is defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer. The light-shielding layer is arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap. The light-shielding layer includes a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0006] According to a third aspect of the present disclosure, an electronic device is provided and includes a back shell, a middle frame, and a display assembly. The middle frame is fixedly connected to the back shell. The display assembly is fixed with the middle frame. The display assembly includes a display panel and a backlight module providing backlight for the display panel. The backlight module includes: a light guide plate; a plurality of light sources; a light homogenizer; a flexible circuit board; and a light-shielding layer. The plurality of light sources are arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate. The light homogenizer is arranged on the light guide plate. The flexible circuit board is partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, and a reservation gap is defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer. The light-shielding layer is arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap. The light-shielding layer includes a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0007] To further illustrate technical solutions of embodiments of the present disclosure in details, drawings needed for describing the embodiments will be briefly introduced. Obviously, following drawings are only some embodiments of the present disclosure. Any one of skill in the art may obtain other drawings based on the following drawings without contributing creative work.

FIG. 1 is a top view of a light guide plate, exhibiting a positional relation among the light guide plate, a light-shielding layer, and a light source according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the backlight module according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, taken along a line A-A.

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the backlight module according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, taken along a line B-B.

FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the backlight module in a position shown in FIG. 2, showing a principle of a light-shielding layer shielding light.

FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the backlight module in a position shown in FIG. 3, showing a principle of a light-shielding layer shielding light.

FIG. 6 is a structural schematic view of a backlight module according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0008] Technical solutions in embodiments of the present disclosure may be illustrated clearly and comprehensively by referring to the drawings of the embodiments. It may be understood that, the illustrated embodiments are for the purpose of explaining the present disclosure, but not to limit the present disclosure. Further, to provide a concise description, a part of, but not all of, the structures related to the present disclosure may be shown. Based on the embodiments of the present disclosure, all other embodiments obtained by any one of skill in the art without creative work should be within the scope of the present disclosure.

[0009] Terms of "first", "second", and the like are used to distinguish various objects, but not to describe a particular sequence. In addition, terms of "include", "have", and other forms thereof indicates a non-exclusive inclusion. For example, a process, a method, a system, a product, or a device including a series of operations or units is not limited to include the listed operations or units only, unlisted operations or units or other operations or units inherently included therein may alternatively be included

[0010] The term "embodiment" indicates that specific characteristics, structures, or properties described in an embodiment may be included in at least one embodiment of the present disclosure. The expression "embodiment" appearing in various sections of the present specification may not indicate a same embodiment, and may not indicate an independent or alternative embodiment mutually exclusive of other embodiments. Any one of skill in the art should implicitly and explicitly understand that the embodiments described herein can be combined with other embodiments.

[0011] According to a first aspect of the present disclosure, a backlight module is provided and includes following components.

[0012] A light guide plate may be arranged.

[0013] A plurality of light sources may be arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate.

[0014] A light homogenizer may be arranged on the light guide plate.

[0015] A flexible circuit board may be partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, and a reservation gap may be defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer.

[0016] A light-shielding layer may be arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap. The light-shielding layer includes a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0017] In some embodiments, the light guide plate includes a light-incidence portion and a body portion, the plurality of light sources are arranged on a side of the light-incidence portion opposing to the body portion, and the light homogenizer is arranged on the body portion.

[0018] In some embodiments, the light-shielding layer is arranged between the light homogenizer and the light guide plate, and a region covered by the light-shielding layer corresponds to an end portion of the light homogenizer or the light guide plate close to the plurality of light sources.

[0019] In some embodiments, the light homogenizer includes a diffusion film, a first brightness enhancement film, and a second brightness enhancement film, sequentially arranged along a direction away from the light guide plate, and the light-shielding layer is arranged between the diffusion film and the first brightness enhancement film or between the first brightness enhancement film and the second brightness enhancement film.

[0020] In some embodiments, the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions gradually decreases along a direction away from the light guide plate.

[0021] In some embodiments, the backlight module further includes a light-shielding tape, arranged on a face of the flexible circuit board away from the plurality of light sources, and the light-shielding tape is connected to the light homogenizer.

[0022] In some embodiments, the backlight module further includes a connection tape. A portion of the flexible circuit board is connected to the region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer via the connection tape, and the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is less than a thickness of the connection tape.

[0023] In some embodiments, the light-shielding layer is formed by performing a printing process or a coating process, and the number of times performing the printing process or the coating process to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than the number of times performing the printing process or the coating process to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0024] In some embodiments, the light-shielding layer is formed by performing a photolithographic process or an etching process, a degree of the photolithographic process or the etching process applied to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions is less than that applied to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0025] According to a second aspect of the present disclosure, a display assembly is provided and includes a display panel and a backlight module providing backlight for the display panel. The backlight module includes following components.

[0026] A light guide plate may be arranged.

[0027] A plurality of light sources may be arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate.

[0028] A light homogenizer may be arranged on the light guide plate.

[0029] A flexible circuit board may be partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, and a reservation gap may be defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer.

[0030] A light-shielding layer may be arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap. The light-shielding layer includes a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0031] In some embodiments, the light guide plate includes a light-incidence portion and a body portion, the plurality of light sources are arranged on a side of the light-incidence portion opposing to the body portion, and the light homogenizer is arranged on the body portion.

[0032] In some embodiments, the light-shielding layer is arranged between the light homogenizer and the light guide plate, and a region covered by the light-shielding layer corresponds to an end portion of the light homogenizer or the light guide plate close to the plurality of light sources.

[0033] In some embodiments, the light homogenizer includes a diffusion film, a first brightness enhancement film, and a second brightness enhancement film, sequentially arranged along a direction away from the light guide plate, and the light-shielding layer is arranged between the diffusion film and the first brightness enhancement film or between the first brightness enhancement film and the second brightness enhancement film.

[0034] In some embodiments, the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions gradually decreases along a direction away from the light guide plate.

[0035] In some embodiments, the backlight module further includes a light-shielding tape, arranged on a face of the flexible circuit board away from the plurality of light sources, and the light-shielding tape is connected to the light homogenizer.

[0036] In some embodiments, the backlight module further includes a connection tape. A portion of the flexible circuit board is connected to the region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer via the connection tape, and the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is less than a thickness of the connection tape.

[0037] In some embodiments, the light-shielding layer is formed by performing a printing process or a coating process, and the number of times performing the printing process or the coating process to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than the number of times performing the printing process or the coating process to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0038] In some embodiments, the light-shielding layer is formed by performing a photolithographic process or an etching process, a degree of the photolithographic process or the etching process applied to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions is less than that applied to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0039] According a third aspect of the present disclosure, an electronic device is provided and includes a back shell, a middle frame, and a display assembly. The middle frame is fixedly connected to the back shell. The display assembly is fixed with the middle frame. The display assembly includes a display panel and a backlight module providing backlight for the display panel. The backlight module includes following components.

[0040] A light guide plate may be arranged.

[0041] A plurality of light sources may be arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate.

[0042] A light homogenizer may be arranged on the light guide plate.

[0043] A flexible circuit board may be partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, and a reservation gap may be defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer.

[0044] A light-shielding layer may be arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap. The light-shielding layer includes a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.

[0045] In some embodiments, electronic device further includes a cover, arranged to cover the display assembly.

[0046] As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, FIG. 1 is a top view of a light guide plate, exhibiting a positional relation among the light guide plate, a light-shielding layer, and a light source according to an embodiment of the present disclosure; FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a backlight module according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, taken along a line A-A; and FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a backlight module according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, taken along a line B-B.

[0047] In the present embodiment, the backlight module may include a back frame 11, a reflection sheet 12, a light guide plate 13, a light homogenizer 14, a light-shielding layer 15, a flexible circuit board 16, a connection tape 17, a light-shielding tape 18, a first glue frame 19, a second glue frame 20, and a plurality of light sources 21.

[0048] The back frame 11 has a boxed structure and defines an opening on a side of the back frame 11. The back frame 11 may include a bottom wall 111 and a side wall 112. The bottom wall 111 and the side wall 112 are bent to connect to each other. The bottom wall 111 and the side wall 112 define a receiving chamber. The back frame 11 may be made of metal, such as iron, aluminum, and the like.

[0049] The reflection sheet 12 may be arranged on the bottom wall 111 of the back frame 11 and received in the receiving chamber.

[0050] The light guide plate 13 may be arranged on the reflection sheet 12 and received in the receiving chamber.

[0051] The light guide plate 13 may include a light-incidence portion 131 and a body portion 132. A thickness of the light-incidence portion 131of the light guide plate 13 close to a light-incidence side may be greater than a thickness of the body portion 132.

[0052] Alternatively, the thickness of the light-incidence portion 131 may be gradually decreased from a light-incidence side to a side away from the light-incidence side. The thickness of the body portion 132 of the light guide plate may be uniform, and that is each region of the body portion 132 may have a same thickness.

[0053] The plurality of light sources 21 may be arranged on a region of the reflection sheet 12 uncovered by the light guide plate 13 and on a side edge of the light guide plate 13. The plurality of light sources 21 may be arranged on the light-incidence side of the light guide plate 13. The plurality of light sources 21 may be a plurality of light-emitting diode (LED) lamps. The plurality of light sources 21 may be arranged on a side of the light-incidence portion 131 opposing to the body portion 132 of the light guide plate. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, the plurality of light sources 21 may be arranged on a left side of the light guide plate 13.

[0054] As shown in FIG. 1, the light guide plate may be rectangular from a front view, and the plurality of light sources 21 may be spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate 13.

[0055] The light homogenizer 14 may be arranged on the body portion 132 of the light guide plate. The light homogenizer 14 may include a diffusion film 141, a first brightness enhancement film 142, and a second brightness enhancement film 142, sequentially arranged along a direction away from the light guide plate 13. Alternatively, the diffusion film 141, the first brightness enhancement film 142, and the second brightness enhancement film 143 may be independent from each other. Alternatively, at least two of the diffusion film 141, the first brightness enhancement film 142, and the second brightness enhancement film 143 may be arranged as one integrated structure.

[0056] The first glue frame 19 may be arranged on the bottom wall 111 of the back frame 11 and may abut against the side wall 112. The first glue frame 19 may be arranged on a side of each light source 21 away from the light guide plate 13. For example, the first glue frame 19 may be arranged on a left side of the plurality of light sources 21, and a space may be defined between the first glue frame 19 and the plurality of light sources 21 for light mixing and heat dissipation.

[0057] The flexible circuit board 16 may partially be arranged on a portion of the light guide plate 13 uncovered by the light homogenizer 14, and a portion of the flexible circuit board 16 that is not arranged on the light guide plate 13 may be arranged above the first glue frame 19 and the plurality of light sources 21.

[0058] The plurality of light sources 21 may be fixed on a bottom surface of the portion of the flexible circuit board 16 that is not arranged on the light guide plate 13. The plurality of light sources 21 may be electrically connected to the flexible circuit board 16. A line on the flexible circuit board 16 may connect to the plurality of light sources 21 and an external power supply pin, such that the external power supply pin 21 may provide power for the plurality of light sources 21.

[0059] The flexible circuit board 16 may be adhered to the portion of the light guide plate 13 uncovered by the light homogenizer 14 via the connection tape 17. The connection tape 17 may be a double-sided tape. A side of the double-sided tape may be adhered to the bottom surface of the flexible circuit board 17, and the other side of the double-sided tape may be adhered to a top surface of the light guide plate 13 correspondingly.

[0060] A reservation gap a may be defined between an end of the flexible circuit board 16 and the connection tape 17 close to the light homogenizer 14 and an end of the light homogenizer 14 close to the flexible circuit board 16. The reservation gap a may be defined to allow an assembling error and allow the backlight module to work normally when deformation caused by high and low temperatures occurs.

[0061] The light-shielding tape 18 may be arranged on the flexible circuit board 16 and a portion of the light homogenizer 14. The light-shielding tape 18 may be adhered to a top surface of the light homogenizer 14, such that the light homogenizer 14 may be fixed.

[0062] Alternatively, the light-shielding tape 18 may include a first sub-light-shielding portion 181 and a second sub-light-shielding portion 182. The first sub-light-shielding tape 181 may be arranged to cover the flexible circuit board 16, and the second sub-light-shielding portion 182 may be arranged to cover a portion of the light homogenizer 14. A thickness of the first sub-light-shielding portion 181 may be greater than that of the second sub-light-shielding portion 182.

[0063] The second glue frame 20 may be arranged on a side of the light-shielding tape 18 and the flexible circuit board 16 away from the light homogenizer 14 (such as a left side shown in FIG. 2) to fix the light-shielding tape 18 and the flexible circuit board 16.

[0064] The first glue frame 19 may be received in the receiving chamber of the back frame 11, and the second glue frame 20 may be arranged out of the receiving chamber of the back frame 11.

[0065] The light-shielding layer 15 may be arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and may be configured to shield the light emitted by the plurality of light sources 21 and escaping from the reservation gap a, such that the light emitted by the plurality of light sources 21 and escaping from the reservation gap a may be shielded by the light-shielding layer 15. The non-display region may refer to a region covered by the light-shielding tape 18, and a display region may refer to a region uncovered by the light-shielding tape 18.

[0066] Alternatively, in the present embodiment, the light shielding layer 15 may be arranged between the light homogenizer 14 and the light guide plate 13. A region covered by the light-shielding layer 15 may correspond to an end region of an end of the light homogenizer 14 or an end region of the light guide plate 13 close to the plurality of light sources 21. The light-shielding layer 15 may be arranged on a surface of the light homogenizer 14 close to the light guide plate 13 or a surface of the light guide plate 13 close to the light homogenizer 14.

[0067] It may be understood that, the light-shielding layer 15 may be arranged at any position within the non-display region, with the proviso of the light emitted by the plurality of light sources 31 and escaping from the reservation gap a able to be shielded.

[0068] For example, the light-shielding layer 15 may be arranged between the diffusion film 141 and the first brightness enhancement film 142. Specifically, the light-shielding layer 15 may be arranged on a surface of the diffusion film 141 close to the first brightness enhancement film 142. Alternatively, the light-shielding layer 15 may be arranged on a surface of the first brightness enhancement film 142 close to the diffusion film 141. A region covered by the light-shielding layer correspond to an end region of an end of the diffusion film 141 close to the plurality of light sources 21 or an end region of an end of the first brightness enhancement film 142 close to the plurality of light sources 21.

[0069] The light-shielding layer 15 may be made of light-shielding material. For example, the light-shielding layer 15 may be a layer of black ink.

[0070] Alternatively, the light shielding layer 15 may be formed by performing a printing process or a coating process. The printing process may be a screen printing process.

[0071] As shown in FIG. 1, the light-shielding layer 15 may include a plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 and a plurality of second light-shielding portions 152. The plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be arranged on regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources 13. The plurality of second light-shielding portions 152 may be arranged on regions corresponding to a plurality of gaps, and each gap is defined between two adjacent light sources 13.

[0072] A number of the printing or the coating process performed to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be greater than that performed to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions 152, such that a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be greater than that of the second light-shielding portions 152. For example, taking the light-shielding layer 15 formed between the light guide plate 13 and the light homogenizer 14 and on the surface of the light guide plate 13 as an example, the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be formed on the surface of the light guide plate 13 by performing the printing processes twice. The plurality of second light-shielding portions 151 may be formed on the surface of the light guide plate 13 by perform the printing process once. A different number of times performing the printing process may be applied herein, and is not limited by the present disclosure.

[0073] Alternatively, the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be less than that of the connection tape 17.

[0074] The thickness of the light-shielding layer 15 on the regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources 12 (i.e., the first light-shielding portions 151) may be greater than that of the light-shielding layer 15 on regions corresponding to the gaps between every two adjacent light sources 12 (i.e., the second light-shielding portions 152). As a region in which the plurality of light source 12 is located may have higher brightness, and a gap between two adjacent light sources may have lower brightness, such arrangement of the light-shielding layer 15 may prevent unequal brightness of the region in which a light source 12 is located and the gap between two adjacent light sources.

[0075] As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the region corresponding to the light source, and therefore, the light-shielding layer 15 shown in FIG. 2 may be a first light-shielding portion 151. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the region between two adjacent light sources, and therefore, the light-shielding layer 15 shown in FIG. 3 may be a second light-shielding portion 152.

[0076] In another implementation, the light-shielding layer 15 may be formed by performing a photolithographic process or an etching process.

[0077] A degree of the photolithographic process or the etching process to form the plurality of the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be less than that to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions 152, such that the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be greater than that of the second light-shielding portions 152.

[0078] For example, in one situation, taking the light-shielding layer 15 formed between the light guide plate 13 and the light homogenizer 14 and on the top surface of the light guide plate 14 as an example, a light-shielding substrate having a uniform thickness may be formed on the top surface of the light guide plate 13 firstly. Subsequently, a mask may be disposed on the light-shielding substrate to shield regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources 13, and regions corresponding to the gaps between every two adjacent light sources 13 may be exposed through a plurality of openings of the mask. The photolithographic process may be performed on the exposed regions of the light-shielding layer 15, such that the second light-shielding portions 152 having a relatively small thickness may be formed in the exposed regions, and the first light-shielding portions 151 having a relatively large thickness may be formed in the regions covered by the mask. Under such situation, the degree of the photolithographic process to form the first light-shielding portions 151 may be zero, and the degree of the photolithographic process to form the second light-shielding portions 151 may be greater than zero.

[0079] In another situation, taking the light-shielding layer 15 formed between the light guide plate 13 and the light homogenizer 14 and on the top surface of the light guide plate 14 as an example, a light-shielding substrate having a uniform thickness may be formed on the top surface of the light guide plate 13. A semi-transparent mask may be disposed on the light-shielding substrate. The semi-transparent mask may include a plurality of first regions and a plurality of second regions. A transparency of the first regions may be less than that of the second regions. The first regions may correspond to positions at which the plurality of light sources 13 are arranged, and the second regions may correspond to regions between every two adjacent light sources. Light with a same parameter may irradiate the semi-transparent mask, such that the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 having a relatively large thickness may be formed in regions of the light-shielding substrate covered by the plurality of first regions, and the plurality of second light-shielding portions 152 having a relatively small thickness may be formed in regions of the light-shielding substrate covered by the plurality of second regions. Under such the situation, intensity of light for photolithographing to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be less than that to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions 152, and various degrees of the photolithographic process may be achieved.

[0080] In other embodiments, the various degrees of the photolithographic process may be achieved by applying various durations of the photolithographic process. For example, a duration of the photolithographic process to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be less than a duration of the photolithographic process to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions 152, such that the various degrees of the photolithographic process may be achieved.

[0081] Similarly, the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 and the plurality of second light-shielding portions 152 may be formed by performing the etching process. A degree of the etching process to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions 151 may be less than that to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions 152. Specifically, various degrees of the etching process may be achieved by applying various values of etching parameters, such as various durations of the etching process, various concentrations of an etching solution, and the like. For example, the duration of the etching process performed to form the first light-shielding portions 151 may be less than that to form the second light-shielding portions 152, and/or the concentration of the etching solution to form the first light-shielding portions 151 may be less than that to form the second light-shielding portions 152, such that the thickness of the first light-shielding portions 151 may be greater than that of the second light-shielding portions 152.

[0082] In other embodiments, forming the first light-shielding portions 151 thicker than the second light-shielding portions 152 may be achieved by other means, which will not be limited by the present disclosure.

[0083] As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the backlight module in a position shown in FIG. 2, showing a principle of a light-shielding layer shielding light, and FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the backlight module in a position shown in FIG. 3, showing a principle of a light-shielding layer shielding light.

[0084] As shown in FIG. 4, light S1 may be supposed to be emitted by light source 21, passing through and escaping from the reservation gap a. The light S1 may be shielded by the light-shielding layer 15 (specifically, the first light-shielding portion 151), such that the light may not irradiate to an outside of the backlight module, and may not irradiate to a user's eyes directly. The light-shielding layer 15 may not occupy an independent space along a width direction. Therefore, the width of the non-display region of the backlight module may be reduced, and light escaping may be prevented.

[0085] Similarly, as shown in FIG. 5, light S2 may be emitted by a light source 21 adjacent to the gap between two adjacent light sources 21. Intensity of the light S2 may be less than that of the light S1. The light S2 may be supposed to escape from the reservation gap a to irradiate to an outside of the backlight module. The arrangement of the light-shielding layer 15 (specifically, the second light-shielding portion 152) may shield the light S2, such that the light S2 may not irradiate to the outside of the backlight module and may not irradiate to the user's eyes.

[0086] Further, intensity of the light S1 irradiated from a region corresponding to the light source 21 may be greater than that of the light S2 irradiated from a region corresponding to the gap between two adjacent light sources 21, and the thickness of the first light-shielding portion 151 may be arranged to be greater than that of the second light-shielding portion 152, such that a light-shielding effect of the light-shielding layer 15 on the region corresponding to the light source 21 may be greater than that on the region corresponding to the gap between two adjacent light sources 21, such that uneven brightness may be prevented.

[0087] As shown in FIG. 6, a structural schematic view of a backlight module according to another embodiment of the present disclosure is provided. Being different from the above-mentioned embodiments, the thickness of the first light-shielding portion 151 may be gradually decreased along a direction away from the light guide plate 13. As the closer to the light source 21, the higher intensity of the light, such the arrangement may prevent the light guide plate 13 from having uneven light intensities along a length direction of the light guide plate 13.

[0088] Under such situation, the thickness of the first light-shielding portion 151 being greater than that of the second light-shielding portion 152 may specifically refer to a thickness of a thinnest portion of the first light-shielding portion 151 being greater than the thickness of the second light-shielding portion 152.

[0089] As shown in FIG. 7, a perspective view of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure is provided. In the present embodiment, the electronic device 50 may be a smart mobile phone. In other embodiments, the electronic device may be a tablet computer, a hand-held computer, an intelligent watch, and the like.

[0090] In the present embodiment, the electronic device 20 may include a back shell 51, a middle frame 52, a display assembly 53, and a cover 54.

[0091] The middle frame 52 may be fixedly connected to the back shell 51.

[0092] The display assembly 53 may be fixed with the middle frame 52.

[0093] The display assembly 53 may include a backlight module 531 and a display panel 532. The backlight module 53 may be configured to provide backlight for the display panel 532.

[0094] The display panel 532 may be a liquid crystal display panel or a display panel in another type.

[0095] The cover 54 may be arranged to cover the display assembly 53. The cover 54 may be a transparent glass cover. On the non-display region, the cover 54 may be non-transparent. For example, the cover 54 maybe coated by light-shielding ink for the non-display region.

[0096] It may be understood that, other components of the electronic device 50, such as a circuit board and the like, may be arranged between the back shell 51 and the middle frame 52. Such the components are not involved in the present disclosure, and therefore, they are not described in details herein.

[0097] In other embodiments, the electronic device 50 may have other structures. The above description about the structures of the electronic device 50 may not limit the scope of the present disclosure.

[0098] According to the present embodiment, a backlight module is provided and includes: a light guide plate, a plurality of light sources, a light homogenizer, a flexible circuit board, and a light-shielding layer. The plurality of light sources may be arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and may be spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate. The light homogenizer may be arranged on the light guide plate. The flexible circuit board may partially be arranged on a region of the light homogenizer uncovered by the light homogenizer, and a reservation gap may be defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer. The light-shielding layer may be arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and may be arranged to shield light emitted by the light sources and escaping from the reservation gap. The light-shielding layer may include a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions. The first light-shielding portions may be arranged on regions corresponding to the light sources, and the second light-shielding portions may be arranged on regions corresponding to gaps defined between every two adjacent light sources. A thickness of the first light-shielding portions is greater than that of the second light-shielding portions. In such a way, a width of the non-display region of the backlight module may be reduced, and at the same time, the light may not escape out of the backlight module. Further, as the thickness of regions of the light-shielding layer corresponding to the light sources may be greater than that of regions corresponding to the gaps between light sources, uneven brightness may be prevented.

[0099] The above description shows implementations of the present disclosure only, but shall not limit the scope of the present disclosure. Any equivalent structural or process transformation performed based on the drawings and specification of the present disclosure, applied directly or indirectly in other related arts, should be within the scope of the present disclosure.


Claims

1. A backlight module, comprising:

a light guide plate;

a plurality of light sources, arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate;

a light homogenizer, arranged on the light guide plate;

a flexible circuit board, partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, wherein a reservation gap is defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer; and

a light-shielding layer, arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap, wherein the light-shielding layer comprises a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.


 
2. The backlight module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the light guide plate comprises a light-incidence portion and a body portion, the plurality of light sources are arranged on a side of the light-incidence portion opposing to the body portion, and the light homogenizer is arranged on the body portion.
 
3. The backlight module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the light-shielding layer is arranged between the light homogenizer and the light guide plate, and a region covered by the light-shielding layer corresponds to an end portion of the light homogenizeror the light guide plate close to the plurality of light sources.
 
4. The backlight module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the light homogenizer comprises a diffusion film, a first brightness enhancement film, and a second brightness enhancement film, sequentially arranged along a direction away from the light guide plate, and the light-shielding layer is arranged between the diffusion film and the first brightness enhancement film or between the first brightness enhancement film and the second brightness enhancement film.
 
5. The backlight module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions gradually decreases along a direction away from the light guide plate.
 
6. The backlight module as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a light-shielding tape, arranged on a face of the flexible circuit board away from the plurality of light sources, wherein the light-shielding tape is connected to the light homogenizer.
 
7. The backlight module as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a connection tape, wherein a portion of the flexible circuit board is connected to the region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer via the connection tape, and the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is less than a thickness of the connection tape.
 
8. The backlight module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the light-shielding layer is formed by performing a printing process or a coating process, and the number of times performing the printing process or the coating process to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than the number of times performing the printing process or the coating process to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions.
 
9. The backlight module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the light-shielding layer is formed by performing a photolithographic process or an etching process, a degree of the photolithographic process or the etching process applied to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions is less than that applied to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions.
 
10. A display assembly, comprising a display panel and a backlight module providing backlight for the display panel, and the backlight module comprising:

a light guide plate;

a plurality of light sources, arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate;

a light homogenizer, arranged on the light guide plate;

a flexible circuit board, partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, wherein a reservation gap is defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer; and

a light-shielding layer, arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap, wherein the light-shielding layer comprises a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.


 
11. The display assembly as claimed in claim 10, wherein the light guide plate comprises a light-incidence portion and a body portion, the plurality of light sources are arranged on a side of the light-incidence portion opposing to the body portion, and the light homogenizer is arranged on the body portion.
 
12. The display assembly as claimed in claim 10, wherein the light-shielding layer is arranged between the light homogenizer and the light guide plate, and a region covered by the light-shielding layer corresponds to an end portion of the light homogenizer or the light guide plate close to the plurality of light sources.
 
13. The display assembly as claimed in claim 10,wherein the light homogenizer comprises a diffusion film, a first brightness enhancement film, and a second brightness enhancement film, sequentially arranged along a direction away from the light guide plate, and the light-shielding layer is arranged between the diffusion film and the first brightness enhancement film or between the first brightness enhancement film and the second brightness enhancement film.
 
14. The display assembly as claimed in claim 10, wherein the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions gradually decreases along a direction away from the light guide plate.
 
15. The display assembly as claimed in claim 10, wherein the backlight module further comprises a light-shielding tape, arranged on a face of the flexible circuit board away from the plurality of light sources, and the light-shielding tape is connected to the light homogenizer.
 
16. The display assembly as claimed in claim 10, wherein the backlight module further comprises a connection tape, a portion of the flexible circuit board is connected to the region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer via the connection tape, and the thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is less than a thickness of the connection tape.
 
17. The display assembly as claimed in claim 10, wherein the light-shielding layer is formed by performing a printing process or a coating process, and the number of times performing the printing process or the coating process to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than the number of times performing the printing process or the coating process to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions.
 
18. The display assembly as claimed in claim 10, wherein the light-shielding layer is formed by performing a photolithographic process or an etching process, a degree of the photolithographic process or the etching process applied to form the plurality of first light-shielding portions is less than that applied to form the plurality of second light-shielding portions.
 
19. An electronic device, comprising a back shell, a middle frame, and a display assembly, the middle frame being fixedly connected to the back shell, the display assembly being fixed with the middle frame, the display assembly comprising a display panel and a backlight module providing backlight for the display panel, and the backlight module comprising:

a light guide plate;

a plurality of light sources, arranged on a side edge of the light guide plate and spaced apart from each other along a width direction of the light guide plate;

a light homogenizer, arranged on the light guide plate;

a flexible circuit board, partially arranged on a region of the light guide plate uncovered by the light homogenizer, wherein a reservation gap is defined between the flexible circuit board and the light homogenizer; and

a light-shielding layer, arranged in a non-display region of the backlight module and configured to shield light emitted by the plurality of light sources and escaping from the reservation gap, wherein the light-shielding layer comprises a plurality of first light-shielding portions and a plurality of second light-shielding portions, the plurality of first light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to the plurality of light sources, the plurality of second light-shielding portions are arranged in regions corresponding to gaps between every two adjacent light sources, and a thickness of the plurality of first light-shielding portions is greater than a thickness of the plurality of second light-shielding portions.


 
20. The electronic device as claimed in claim 19, further comprising a cover, arranged to cover the display assembly.
 




Drawing
















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