(19)
(11)EP 3 726 625 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
21.10.2020 Bulletin 2020/43

(21)Application number: 18888794.7

(22)Date of filing:  13.12.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01M 2/34(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/120767
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/114776 (20.06.2019 Gazette  2019/25)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 13.12.2017 CN 201711330171

(71)Applicant: BYD Company Limited
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518118 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • HE, Long
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518118 (CN)
  • SHEN, Xi
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518118 (CN)
  • JIANG, Luxia
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518118 (CN)
  • JIANG, Wenfeng
    Shenzhen, Guangdong 518118 (CN)

(74)Representative: m patent group 
Postfach 33 04 29
80064 München
80064 München (DE)

  


(54)BATTERY SYSTEM AND ELECTRIC AUTOMOBILE


(57) A battery system and an electric vehicle are disclosed. The battery system includes at least one series circuit, a pouch battery and at least one first cell connected to the pouch battery in series being disposed in the series circuit, and a current interrupt device being disposed on the first cell; and the current interrupt device of the first cell being configured to interrupt an internal current of the first cell when at least one of the pouch battery and the first cell is abnormal.




Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



[0001] This application claims to the priority of Chinese Patent No "201711330171.0" filed by the BYD Co., Ltd. on December 13, 2017 and entitled "BATTERY SYSTEM AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE", which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

FIELD



[0002] The present disclosure relates to the field of batteries, and relates to a battery system and an electric vehicle.

BACKGROUND



[0003] In recent years, in the context of global environmental pollution and the shortage of petroleum energy, an electric vehicle has emerged. As a main power source battery for the electric vehicle, a pouch battery has been widely applied to the electric vehicle due to advantages such as a small size, a light weight, high energy density, and high safety.

[0004] However, in a charging process, the pouch battery is prone to abnormal phenomena such as overcharging, thereby resulting in a problem such as explosion of the pouch battery.

SUMMARY



[0005] The present disclosure provides a battery system and an electric vehicle, to resolve a technical problem of overcharging of a pouch battery.

[0006] In order to achieve the above object, the present disclosure provides a battery system, including at least one series circuit, a pouch battery and at least one first cell connected to the pouch battery in series being disposed in the series circuit, and a current interrupt device being disposed on the first cell; and the current interrupt device of the first cell being configured to interrupt an internal current of the first cell when at least one of the pouch battery and the first cell is abnormal.

[0007] In some embodiments, the series circuit includes a plurality of first cells connected to the pouch battery in series, the plurality of first cells being sequentially connected in series or being alternately connected in series.

[0008] In some embodiments, the series circuit includes a plurality of first cells connected to the pouch battery in series, the plurality of first cells being connected in parallel to form a battery pack to be connected to the pouch battery in series.

[0009] In some embodiments, the first cell includes a housing, a core accommodated in the housing, a cover plate encapsulating the housing, an inner electrode terminal located at an inner side of the cover plate, and an outer electrode terminal located at an outer side of the cover plate, the inner electrode terminal being electrically connected to the core, and the current interrupt device being disposed on the cover plate and electrically connected to the outer electrode terminal and the inner electrode terminal respectively.

[0010] In some embodiments, the housing is one of an aluminum housing, a steel housing, and a plastic housing, and a thickness of the housing is 0.4 mm to 1.5 mm.

[0011] In some embodiments, the current interrupt device includes a score member and a flipping member, the score member being electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal, and the flipping member being electrically connected to the score member and the outer electrode terminal respectively and being in gas communication with an inside of the first cell.

[0012] In some embodiments, the score member includes a score region in which a score is formed, a first welding region to be electrically connected to the flipping member, and a second welding region to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal, and the flipping member can act under an effect of air pressure to break the score, the score being disposed around the first welding region, and at least one of the first welding region and the second welding region being disposed in a plane different from a plane in which the score is disposed.

[0013] In some embodiments, the score is disposed in a plane different from planes in which the first welding region and the second welding region are disposed.

[0014] In some embodiments, a boss protruding from the score region is formed on the score member, the first welding region being formed on an upper surface of the boss and parallel to the score region, and an annular welding joint being disposed at an outer periphery of the upper surface.

[0015] In some embodiments, a ring wall protruding in a direction same as a direction in which the boss protrudes is formed at an outer periphery of the score region, an upper edge of the ring wall being flush with an upper edge of the boss in a height direction, and an outer wall of the ring wall being to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal.

[0016] In some embodiments, the second welding region, the score region, and the first welding region are sequentially arranged from outside to inside in a radial direction, and form a step structure gradually approaching the flipping member from outside to inside, and the score is disposed around the first welding region.

[0017] In some embodiments, a ring wall protruding in a direction opposite to a direction in which the boss protrudes is formed at the outer periphery of the score region, the second welding region being formed at an outer periphery of the ring wall and parallel to the score region, and an annular welding joint being formed at an outer periphery of the second welding region.

[0018] In some embodiments, a sidewall of the boss and the ring wall are perpendicular to the score region respectively.

[0019] In some embodiments, the first welding region, the score region, and the second welding region respectively form a ring structure.

[0020] In some embodiments, a first connection region to be electrically connected to the score member and a second connection region to be electrically connected to the outer electrode terminal are formed on the flipping member, and a deformation cushion region is further formed on the flipping member, the deformation cushion region being disposed in the first connection region.

[0021] In some embodiments, the flipping member is a sheet structure in the shape of a cone, a small end of the cone forming the first connection region, and a large end of the cone away from the score member forming the second connection region.

[0022] In some embodiments, the deformation cushion region forms an annular groove structure surrounding the first connection region.

[0023] In some embodiments, a radial cross-section of the annular groove structure is arc-shaped or angular.

[0024] In some embodiments, a support ring is connected between a lower side of an outer periphery of the flipping member and the cover plate in a sealing manner, and an outer periphery of the outer electrode terminal is electrically connected to an upper side of the outer periphery of the flipping member.

[0025] In some embodiments, a support flange is formed on an inner wall of the support ring, the outer peripheries of the flipping member and the outer electrode terminal being supported on an upper surface of the support flange.

[0026] The present disclosure further provides an electric vehicle, including the battery system provided in the present disclosure.

[0027] According to the foregoing technical solutions, the at least one first cell connected to the pouch battery in series is disposed in the series circuit and the current interrupt device is disposed on the first cell, so that explosion of the pouch battery due to an abnormality in a charging process can be avoided, and safety of the pouch battery can be improved during working.

[0028] Other features and advantages of the present disclosure will be described in detail in the following specific implementations.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0029] The accompanying drawings are used to provide a further understanding of the present disclosure, and constitute a part of the specification, which are used to explain the present disclosure in combination with the following specific implementations, and do not constitute a limitation to the present disclosure. In the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery system according to an implementation of the present disclosure, where a current interrupt device on a first cell is not started, and a series circuit is in a normal working state.

FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery system according to an implementation of the present disclosure, where a current interrupt device on a first cell is started normally, and a series circuit is in an open state.

FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery system according to another implementation of the present disclosure, where a current interrupt device on a first cell is not started, and a series circuit is in a normal working state.

FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery system according to another implementation of the present disclosure, where a current interrupt device on a first cell is started normally, and a series circuit is in an open state.

FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery system according to another implementation of the present disclosure, where a current interrupt device on one of first cells in a battery pack is started by mistake, and a series circuit is still in a normal working state.

FIG. 6 is a partial three-dimensional schematic exploded view of a battery system according to an implementation of the present disclosure.

FIG. 7 is a partial three-dimensional schematic exploded view of a battery system according to an implementation of the present disclosure.

FIG. 8 is a partial three-dimensional schematic exploded view of a battery system according to another implementation of the present disclosure.

FIG. 9 is a partial three-dimensional schematic exploded view of a battery system according to another implementation of the present disclosure.

FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of a current interrupt device according to a first implementation of the present disclosure.

FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of a current interrupt device according to a second implementation of the present disclosure.

FIG. 12 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a score member according to the second implementation of the present disclosure.

FIG. 13 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of a flipping member according to the first implementation of the present disclosure.


DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS



[0030] 10. Pouch battery; 11. Pouch cell; 20. First cell; 21. Housing; 22. Cover plate; 23. Outer electrode terminal; 231. Through hole; 24. Inner electrode terminal; 26. Support ring; 261. Support flange; 30. Current interrupt device; 31. Score member; 311. Score; 312. Score region; 313. First welding region; 314. Second welding region; 315. Boss; 316. Ring wall; 32. Flipping member; 321. First connection region; 322. Second connection region; 323. Deformation cushion region; 40. Power connection sheet; 50. Conductive connection member; 60. Battery pack.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0031] The following describes the specific implementations of the present disclosure in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the specific implementations described herein are merely used to describe and explain the present disclosure, but are not intended to limit the present disclosure.

[0032] In the present disclosure, without the contrary explanation, the directional terms such as "upper, lower, left, and right" are usually defined based on the drawing direction of the corresponding accompanying drawings, and "inside and outside" refers to the inside and outside of the contour of the corresponding component.

[0033] FIG. 1 to FIG. 9 are schematic structural diagrams of a battery system according to the present disclosure. FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 are schematic structural diagrams of a current interrupt device according to the present disclosure. FIG. 12 shows a score member according to the present disclosure. FIG. 13 shows a flipping member according to the present disclosure. As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5, the battery system includes at least one series circuit, a pouch battery 10 and at least one first cell 20 connected to the pouch battery 10 in series being disposed in the series circuit, and a current interrupt device 30 being disposed on the first cell 20. The current interrupt device 30 on the first cell 20 is configured to interrupt an internal current of the first cell 20 to disconnect the entire series circuit when one or more cells in the series circuit are abnormal. The one or more cells are at least one of the pouch battery 10 and the first cell 20.

[0034] In an implementation of the present disclosure, the pouch battery 10 may include one pouch cell 11 or may include a plurality of pouch cells 11. The plurality of pouch cells 11 may be a plurality of pouch cells 11 connected in series, or a plurality of pouch cells 11 connected in parallel, or a plurality of pouch cells 11 connected in series and in parallel. The pouch cell 11 includes a pouch core and an electrode connected to the pouch core in series. An outer housing of the pouch cell 11 is an aluminum plastic film.

[0035] In the present disclosure, the series circuit may include one first cell 20 connected to the pouch battery 10 in series, or may include a plurality of first cells connected to the pouch battery 10 in series. The plurality of first cells 20 may be connected in parallel to form a battery pack (such as a battery pack 60 shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 5) to be connected to the pouch battery 10 in series, or the plurality of first cells 20 may be connected to each other in series and then connected to the pouch battery 10 in series. In this solution, the plurality of first cells 20 and the plurality of pouch cells 11 may be alternately connected in series in the series circuit.

[0036] In the present disclosure, the first cell 20 includes a housing 21, a core accommodated in the housing, a cover plate 22 encapsulating the housing 21, an inner electrode terminal 24 located at an inner side of the cover plate 22, and an outer electrode terminal 23 located at an outer side of the cover plate 22. The inner electrode terminal 24 is electrically connected to the core, and the outer electrode terminal 23 may complete current input and output through various electrode lead-out members 40. The current interrupt device 30 may be disposed on the cover plate and is electrically connected to the outer electrode terminal 23 and the inner electrode terminal 24 respectively to control current input and output of the electrode terminals. In some embodiments, the housing is one of an aluminum housing, a steel housing, and a plastic housing, and a thickness of the housing is 0.4 mm to 1.5 mm.

[0037] In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 1, that the current interrupt device 30 is not started means that the core and the electrode terminal are conducted, that is, the electrical connection between the outer electrode terminal 23 and the inner electrode terminal 24 is normal, and the current input and output may be performed normally to complete charging and discharging of the battery system.

[0038] As shown in FIG. 2, when one or more cells in the series circuit are abnormal, a heating temperature of the first cell 20 increases, and air pressure inside the cell increases, so that the current interrupt device 30 disposed on the first cell 20 is started to cut off the electrical connection between the outer electrode terminal 23 and the inner electrode terminal 24. In this way, the current input and output of the electrode terminal are interrupted, so that the series circuit is in an open state, thereby preventing thermal runaway of the battery system.

[0039] It should be noted that in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the battery system includes one series circuit, and only one first cell is disposed in the series circuit. In other implementations of the present disclosure, the battery system may also have a plurality of series circuits, and a plurality of first cells may also be disposed in each series circuit. The plurality of first cells may be connected in series at any position in the series circuit, or the plurality of first cells may be connected in parallel to form a battery pack to be connected to a pouch battery in series.

[0040] For example, in FIG. 3 to FIG. 5, two first cells are connected in parallel to form a battery pack 60 to be connected to the pouch battery 10 in series. As shown in FIG. 3, when the series circuit is in a normal state, a current interrupt device 30 in each first cell 20 of the battery pack 60 does not work. In this case, an inner electrode terminal 24 and an outer electrode terminal 23 of each first cell 20 are electrically connected normally, that is, an internal current of each first cell 20 is conducted, and the entire series circuit is normal in this case.

[0041] As shown in FIG. 4, when one or more cells in the series circuit are abnormal, the current interrupt device 30 in the first cell 20 of the battery pack 60 is triggered to be enabled, so that internal currents of first cells 20 (first cells Cn(a) and Cn(b)) are all in a disconnected state, thereby causing the entire series circuit to be disconnected. In this way, overcharging of the pouch battery 10 is avoided and protection of the pouch battery 10 is implemented.

[0042] As shown in FIG. 5, when a current interrupt device 30 on a first cell 20 in the battery pack 60 (such as a current interrupt device on the first cell Cn(b)) is started abnormally, an internal current of the first cell Cn(b) is interrupted, but an internal current of the other first cell Cn(a) connected to the first cell Cn(b) in parallel is still in a conducting state. Thus, the series circuit maintains a normal working state, and only a capacity is reduced. Therefore, a risk that the current interrupt device is abnormally enabled and the series circuit is powered off can be reduced, so that an external control system based on the battery system has sufficient emergency time for related processing.

[0043] In the present disclosure, as shown in FIG. 6 to FIG. 9, the pouch battery 10 may include one or more pouch cells 11. When the pouch battery 10 includes a plurality of pouch cells 11, the plurality of pouch cells 11 are connected in series through a conductive connection member 50, or the plurality of pouch cells 11 are connected in parallel through a conductive connection member 50, or the plurality of pouch cells 11 are connected in series and in parallel through a conductive connection member 50. Each pouch cell 11 includes a pouch core and an electrode electrically connected to the pouch core. Electrodes between two adjacent pouch cells are connected in series or in parallel through the conductive connection member 50.

[0044] In the present disclosure, one pouch cell 11 in the pouch battery 10 is connected to the first cell 20 or the battery pack 60 in series, or a plurality of pouch cells 11 in the pouch battery 10 are respectively connected to a plurality of first cells 20 or a plurality of battery packs 60 in series. In some embodiments, a positive electrode (negative electrode) of one pouch cell 11 in the pouch battery 10 and a negative electrode (positive electrode) of the first cell 20 may be welded in series through a power connection sheet 40 or a positive electrode (negative electrode) of one pouch cell 11 in the pouch battery 10 and a negative lead (positive lead) of the battery pack may be welded in series. The pouch cell 11 connected to the first cell 20 or the battery pack in series may be located at an end of the pouch battery 10 or in the middle of the pouch battery 10. According to the present disclosure, a positive electrode (negative electrode) of a pouch cell 11 at an end of one side or ends of two sides of the pouch battery 10 and the negative electrode (positive electrode) of the first cell 20 are welded through the power connection sheet 40, or a positive electrode (negative electrode) of a pouch cell 11 at an end of one side or ends of two sides of the pouch battery 10 and the negative lead (positive lead) of the battery pack are welded through the power connection sheet 40.

[0045] In an implementation, as shown in FIG. 6 and FIG. 7, the positive electrode (negative electrode) of the first cell 20 is electrically connected to the negative electrode (positive electrode) of the pouch cell 11 at the end of one side of the pouch battery 10 through the power connection sheet 40, so that the first cell 20 and the pouch battery 10 are connected in series, and pouch cells 11 are connected in series or in parallel through the conductive connection member 50 to form the pouch battery 10.

[0046] In another implementation, as shown in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, the electrodes of the pouch cell 11 at the ends of the two sides of the pouch battery 10 are electrically connected to the first cell 20 through the power connection sheet 40, so that the pouch battery 10 is connected to two first cells in series in the series circuit.

[0047] According to the battery system provided in the present disclosure, a pouch cell 11 at the end of the pouch battery 10 may also be electrically connected to the positive lead of the battery pack or the negative lead of the battery pack through the power connection sheet 40, so that a series connection between the pouch battery 10 and the battery pack 60 is completed. The battery pack 60 includes the plurality of first cells 20 connected in parallel. According to the battery system provided in the present disclosure, when the pouch battery 10 includes a plurality of pouch cells connected in series or in parallel, the first cell 20 may be connected in series in the middle of the pouch battery 10, or the battery pack 60 may be connected in series in the middle of the pouch battery 10.

[0048] In the present disclosure, the current interrupt device 30 may be disposed at any appropriate position on the cover plate 22. In some embodiments, in an implementation, as shown in FIG. 6 to FIG. 9, the current interrupt device 30 may be mounted on one of outer electrode terminals 23 of the first cell 20, and a part of the power connection sheet 40 covers the current interrupt device 30, and the other part extends.

[0049] Reliability of the current interrupt device as an important safety measure is crucial, that is, the current interrupt device needs to make a response quickly.

[0050] In the present disclosure, all current interrupt devices in the various implementations are mechanical structures for sensing air pressure. In some embodiments, the current interrupt device is in gas communication with an inside of a cell and can interrupt an internal current of the cell under an effect of the air pressure. In some embodiments, current transfer can be interrupted by disconnecting internal components, thereby cutting off charging and discharging of the cell in time. A source of the used air pressure is as follows: For example, when the cell is in an abnormal state such as overcharging, gas is generated inside the cell, resulting in an increase of the air pressure inside the housing, or when a temperature rises due to an abnormality during use of the cell, the air pressure inside the cell increases, resulting in pneumatic power that drives the current interrupt device.

[0051] For example, in the implementations of FIG. 10 and FIG. 11, the current interrupt device 30 has a score member 31 and a flipping member 32 electrically connected to the score member 31, and the electrical connection between the flipping member 32 and the score member 31 can be cut off under the effect of the air pressure. In the implementations of the present disclosure, a weak score may be made on a corresponding component to break the structure, thereby cutting off the electrical connection. In some embodiments, a score 311 is formed on the score member 31. In other words, under the effect of the internal air pressure, the score 311 may be broken through a flipping action of the flipping member 32, so as to cut off the electrical connection between the flipping member and the score member, thereby interrupting the current transfer.

[0052] A reason for adopting this method is that, for example, in the field of power batteries, a relatively large flowing current is required. Therefore, a welding structure between the score member 31 and the flipping member 32 needs to be stable to prevent the large current from fusing the welding structure. Therefore, by disposing the score 311 on the score member 31, that is, making a weak portion with strength less than that of other regions in the corresponding part, the score member 31 and the flipping member 32 can be completely disconnected. The score is usually disposed around the welding region between the score member and the flipping member, to ensure complete disconnection between the score member and the flipping member.

[0053] The score member 31 and the flipping member 32 in the two implementations of the present disclosure are described below with reference to FIG. 10 and FIG. 11.

[0054] As shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11, the present disclosure provides a score member in a current interrupt device. The score member 31 includes a score region 312 in which a score 311 is formed, a first welding region 313 to be electrically connected to the flipping member 32, and a second welding region 314 to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal. The flipping member 32 can act under an effect of air pressure to break the score 311 so as to cut off an electrical connection to the score member 31. After the flipping member 32 breaks the score 311, an electrical connection between the flipping member 32 and the second welding region 314 is cut off, thereby cutting off an electrical connection to the inner electrode terminal 24. In the present disclosure, the score 311 is disposed around the first welding region 313, and the score 311 may be a ring surrounding the first welding region 313. In addition, at least one of the first welding region 313 and the second welding region 314 is disposed in a plane different from a plane in which the score 311 is disposed. In other words, the plane on which the score 311 is located is different from the planes/plane on which the first welding region 313 and/or the second welding region 314 are/is located, so that not only mechanical impact on the score 311 on the score member 31 caused by an external force transmitted from the flipping member 32 can be effectively eliminated, but also thermal influence of welding stresses in the first welding region 313 and the second welding region 314 on a region in which the score 311 is located can be eliminated. In this way, reliability of the current interrupt device provided in the present disclosure is improved. The score 311 surrounding the first welding region 313 can be broken under the effect of the air pressure inside the cell. In this case, the electrical connection between the flipping member 32 and the score member 31 is completely cut off to interrupt the current.

[0055] As shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11, the score 311 is disposed in a plane different from planes in which the first welding region 313 and the second welding region 314 are disposed, that is, a plane in which the score 311 is located is different from a plane in which the first welding region 313 is located and the plane in which the score 311 is located is also different from a plane in which the second welding region 314 is located. More preferably, the score member 31 includes a score region 312 and a boss 106 protruding from the score region 312, the first welding region 313 is formed on the boss 315, and the score 311 is formed on the score region 312 and disposed around the boss 315, so that the plane in which the score is located is different from the plane in which the first welding region is located and the plane in which the second welding region is located. In some embodiments, the first welding region 313 is formed by an upper surface of the boss 315 and is parallel to the score region 312, and an annular welding joint is disposed on an outer periphery of the upper surface.

[0056] As shown in FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, in a second implementation, the second welding region 314, the score region 312, and the first welding region 313 are sequentially arranged from outside to inside in a radial direction, and form a step structure gradually approaching the flipping member 32 from outside to inside. The second welding region 314 and the score region 312 are also located on different planes. The formed step structure has a cushion effect, so that the thermal influence of the welding stresses of the two welding regions on the score 311 can be avoided, and an external force transmitted from the inner electrode terminal can also be cushioned, making the current interrupt device more reliable.

[0057] In the two implementations of the present disclosure, as shown in FIG. 10 or FIG. 11, the score member 31 includes a score region 312 and a boss 315 protruding from the score region 312. The first welding region 313 is formed on the boss 315, and the score 311 is formed on the score region 312 and disposed around the boss 315. In this way, the score and the first welding region are disposed on different planes. In some embodiments, the first welding region 313 is formed on an upper surface of the boss 315 and is parallel to the score region 312, and an annular welding joint is disposed at an outer periphery of the upper surface. Correspondingly, a first connection region 321 on the flipping member 32 may form a connecting hole for accommodating the boss 315. In this way, the outer periphery of the boss 315 and an inner wall of the connecting hole are firmly welded by using the annular welding joint. The boss 315 may be a cylindrical structure or a through hole may be disposed in an axial direction of the cylindrical structure, as shown in FIG. 4. In other implementations, the score and the first welding region may be disposed on different planes by using various convex or concave structures.

[0058] As shown in FIG. 10, in a first implementation, in order to establish an electrical connection to the inner electrode terminal 24 of the battery, an accommodating groove is usually disposed on the top end of the inner electrode terminal 24. Accordingly, a ring wall 316 protruding in a direction the same as a direction in which the boss 315 protrudes is formed at an outer periphery of the score region 312, an upper edge of the ring wall 316 being flush with an upper edge of the boss 315 in a height direction. In addition, an outer wall of the ring wall is to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal 24 of the battery to form the first welding region 313. The outer wall fits a shape of a groove wall of the accommodating groove of the inner electrode terminal 24 and is welded through the annular welding joint. In this implementation, the score member 31 can be completely accommodated in the accommodating groove of the inner electrode terminal 24. The structure is stable.

[0059] As shown in FIG. 11, in the second implementation, an accommodating groove is still disposed on the inner electrode terminal 24, the boss 315 of the score member 31 extending out of the accommodating groove. In some embodiments, a ring wall 316 protruding in a direction opposite to the direction in which the boss 315 protrudes is formed at the outer periphery of the score region 312, and the second welding region 314 is formed at an outer periphery of the ring wall 316 and is parallel to the score region 312, so that the score member 31 forms the step structure. An annular welding joint to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal 24 of the battery is formed at an outer periphery of the second welding region 314. In some embodiments, a lower surface of the second welding region 314 may be placed on the bottom wall of the accommodating groove, and the outer periphery and a sidewall of the accommodating groove are welded through the annular welding joint. Likewise, the structure is also stable.

[0060] In the second implementation, as shown in FIG. 11, a sidewall of the boss 315 and the ring wall 316 are perpendicular to the score region 312 respectively. In other embodiments, there may be a specific angle, for example, a Z-shaped step is formed. In addition, the first welding region 313, the score region 312, and the second welding region 314 may each be a ring structure, that is, the first welding region 313 has a central hole. In other embodiments, the first welding region 313 may have no central hole.

[0061] The score member 31 in the two implementations is described above, and the flipping member 32 in the two implementations is described below.

[0062] A first connection region 321 to be electrically connected to the score member 31 and a second connection region 322 to be electrically connected to an outer electrode terminal 23 of a battery are formed on the flipping member 32. In addition, a deformation cushion region 323 is further formed on the flipping member 32, the deformation cushion region 323 being disposed between the first connection region 321 and the second connection region 322 and around the first connection region 321. The deformation cushion region means that the region may be deformed prior to the flipping member 32, the first connection region 321, the second connection region 322, and the score member 31 under an effect of an external force, so as to cushion the external force. Accordingly, impact of the external force on the first connection region 321 and the score 311 on the score member 31 is reduced, improving the reliability of the current interrupt device.

[0063] In the two implementations of the present disclosure, the flipping member 32 is a sheet structure in the shape of a cone, a small end of the cone forming the first connection region 321, and a large end of the cone away from the score member 31 forming the second connection region 322. The cone structure may be used to dispose the two connection regions on different planes and provide a space for the flipping member 32 to flip upward under a force to break the score 311. In other possible implementations, the flipping member may also be an elastic flat member or the like.

[0064] As shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11, the deformation cushion region 323 in the present disclosure forms an annular groove structure surrounding the first connection region 321. In this way, a deformation cushion effect can be achieved through relative movement between groove walls of the annular groove under an effect of an external force. In other possible implementations, the deformation cushion region 323 may also be implemented by a structure such as a deformation chamber or elastic materials.

[0065] As shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 13, in the first implementation, a radial cross-section of the annular groove structure is arc-shaped, for example, is a semi-circle protruding toward the outer electrode terminal 23. In this way, an external force transmitted from the second connection region 322 can be absorbed through the deformation of the arc-shaped groove wall, thereby reducing impact on the first connection region 321 and the score member 31.

[0066] As shown in FIG. 11, in the second implementation, the radial cross-section of the annular groove structure may further be angular, so that both sides of the angular shape are two groove walls and can also be deformed under the effect of external force. In some embodiments, in the second implementation, the boss 315 of the score member 31 protrudes from the accommodating groove of the inner electrode terminal. In this case, in order to save space, the angular ring-shaped groove may be designed to protrude facing the score member 31, and the bottom of the groove is formed on one side of the boss, so that the entire flipping member 32 can be formed into a Z-shaped structure to achieve cushioning of the external force.

[0067] As shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11, in the two implementations of the present disclosure, in order to ensure that the flipping member can be acted by gas inside the battery, a support ring 26 is connected between a lower side of an outer periphery of the flipping member 32 and the cover plate 22 in a sealing manner, and an outer periphery of the outer electrode terminal 23 is electrically connected to an upper side of the outer periphery of the flipping member 32. In this way, the gas generated inside the battery can act on the flipping member 32 without leakage. In order to enable the flipping member 32 to act normally, the outer electrode terminal 23 forms a cap structure and may have a through hole 231 for discharging gas during acting of the flipping member 32, thereby preventing the acting of the flipping member from being restored under the action of the air pressure. In addition, in two implementations in which the cover plate 22 is conductive and insulative, an insulating material or a conductive material may be selected for the support ring 26 for supporting. Generally, the support ring 26 may be a ceramic ring so that the cover plate 22 is insulative. In some embodiments, a support flange 261 is formed on an inner wall of the support ring 26, the outer peripheries of the flipping member 32 and the outer electrode terminal 23 being supported on an upper surface of the support flange 261, so as to ensure stable working of the current interrupt device.

[0068] The first cell provided in the present disclosure further includes a housing, the core being accommodated in the housing. The first cell further includes a cover plate assembly that encapsulates the housing, where the inner electrode terminal is electrically connected to the core, and the flipping member is in gas communication with an interior of the housing. The cover plate assembly includes a cover plate, an inner electrode terminal 213 located at an inner side of the cover plate, and an outer electrode terminal 214 located at an outer side of the cover plate. The inner electrode terminal 213 and the outer electrode terminal 214 are electrically connected by using the foregoing current interrupt device. The outer electrode terminal 214 is electrically connected to the flipping member 222, and the score member 221 is electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal 213.

[0069] The inner electrode terminal 213 is welded to an inner lead-out member electrically connected to a core. In some embodiments, a welding hole may be formed on the inner lead-out member. The inner electrode terminal 213 forms a columnar structure and is embedded in the welding hole to be welded to the inner lead-out member. In order to prevent the cover plate from being energized, a cover plate insulating member is disposed between the cover plate and the inner lead-out member, and the inner electrode terminal may pass through the cover plate insulating member with a gap to be welded to the score member. In order to ensure sealing performance, a support ring is further included. A lower end of the support ring is welded to the cover plate. A ceramic material may be used to ensure the insulation of the current interrupt device and the cover plate. A duct is formed on the cover plate to facilitate mounting of the current interrupt device. In addition, in order to ensure that the gas inside the battery can act on the flipping member 222, an air hole is formed on the inner lead-out member, so that the gas can act on the flipping member 222 through the air hole.

[0070] A battery system is disclosed, including at least one series circuit, a pouch battery and at least one first cell connected to the pouch battery in series being disposed in the series circuit, and a current interrupt device being disposed on the first cell; and the current interrupt device of the first cell being configured to interrupt an internal current of the first cell when at least one of the pouch battery and the first cell is abnormal.

[0071] In some embodiments, the series circuit includes a plurality of first cells connected to the pouch battery in series, the plurality of first cells being sequentially connected in series or being alternately connected in series.

[0072] In some embodiments, the series circuit includes a plurality of first cells connected to the pouch battery in series, the plurality of first cells being connected in parallel to form a battery pack to be connected to the pouch battery in series.

[0073] In some embodiments, the first cell includes a housing, a core accommodated in the housing, a cover plate encapsulating the housing, an inner electrode terminal located at an inner side of the cover plate, and an outer electrode terminal located at an outer side of the cover plate, the inner electrode terminal being electrically connected to the core, and the current interrupt device being disposed on the cover plate and electrically connected to the outer electrode terminal and the inner electrode terminal respectively.

[0074] In some embodiments, the housing is one of an aluminum housing, a steel housing, and a plastic housing, and a thickness of the housing is 0.4 mm to 1.5 mm.

[0075] In some embodiments, the current interrupt device includes a score member and a flipping member, the score member being electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal, and the flipping member being electrically connected to the score member and the outer electrode terminal respectively and being in gas communication with an inside of the first cell.

[0076] In some embodiments, the score member includes a score region in which a score is formed, a first welding region to be electrically connected to the flipping member, and a second welding region to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal, the flipping member can act under an effect of air pressure to break the score, and the flipping member may be disconnected from the inner electrode terminal after breaking the score, the score being disposed around the first welding region, and at least one of the first welding region and the second welding region being disposed in a plane different from a plane in which the score is disposed.

[0077] In some embodiments, the score is disposed in a plane different from planes in which the first welding region and the second welding region are disposed.

[0078] In some embodiments, a boss protruding from the score region is formed on the score member, the first welding region being formed on an upper surface of the boss and parallel to the score region, and an annular welding joint being disposed at an outer periphery of the upper surface.

[0079] In some embodiments, a ring wall protruding in a direction same as a direction in which the boss protrudes is formed at an outer periphery of the score region, an upper edge of the ring wall being flush with an upper edge of the boss in a height direction, and an outer wall of the ring wall being to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal.

[0080] In some embodiments, the second welding region, the score region, and the first welding region are sequentially arranged from outside to inside in a radial direction, and form a step structure gradually approaching the flipping member from outside to inside, and the score is disposed around the first welding region.

[0081] In some embodiments, a ring wall protruding in a direction opposite to a direction in which the boss protrudes is formed at the outer periphery of the score region, the second welding region being formed at an outer periphery of the ring wall and parallel to the score region, and an annular welding joint being formed at an outer periphery of the second welding region.

[0082] In some embodiments, a sidewall of the boss and the ring wall are perpendicular to the score region respectively.

[0083] In some embodiments, the first welding region, the score region, and the second welding region respectively form a ring structure.

[0084] In some embodiments, a first connection region to be electrically connected to the score member and a second connection region to be electrically connected to the outer electrode terminal are formed on the flipping member, and a deformation cushion region is further formed on the flipping member, the deformation cushion region being disposed in the first connection region.

[0085] In some embodiments, the flipping member is a sheet structure in the shape of a cone, a small end of the cone forming the first connection region, and a large end of the cone away from the score member forming the second connection region.

[0086] In some embodiments, the deformation cushion region forms an annular groove structure surrounding the first connection region.

[0087] In some embodiments, a radial cross-section of the annular groove structure is arc-shaped or angular.

[0088] In some embodiments, a support ring is connected between a lower side of an outer periphery of the flipping member and the cover plate in a sealing manner, and an outer periphery of the outer electrode terminal is electrically connected to an upper side of the outer periphery of the flipping member.

[0089] In some embodiments, a support flange is formed on an inner wall of the support ring, the outer peripheries of the flipping member and the outer electrode terminal being supported on an upper surface of the support flange.

[0090] Correspondingly, the present disclosure further provides an electric vehicle, including the foregoing battery system.

[0091] The implementations of the present disclosure are described above in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present disclosure is not limited to the specific details in the above implementations. Various simple variations may be made to the technical solutions of the present disclosure within the scope of the technical idea of the present disclosure, and such simple variations shall all fall within the protection scope of the present disclosure.

[0092] It should be further noted that the specific technical features described in the above specific embodiments may be combined in any suitable manner without contradiction. To avoid unnecessary repetition, various possible combinations are not further described in the present disclosure.

[0093] In addition, the various embodiments of the present disclosure may be combined without departing from the idea of the present disclosure, and such combinations shall also fall within the scope of the present disclosure.


Claims

1. A battery system, comprising at least one series circuit, a pouch battery and at least one first cell connected to the pouch battery in series being disposed in the series circuit, and a current interrupt device being disposed on the first cell; and
the current interrupt device of the first cell being configured to interrupt an internal current of the first cell when at least one of the pouch battery and the first cell is abnormal.
 
2. The battery system according to claim 1, wherein the series circuit comprises a plurality of first cells connected to the pouch battery in series, the plurality of first cells being sequentially connected in series or being alternately connected in series.
 
3. The battery system according to claim 1, wherein the series circuit comprises a plurality of first cells connected to the pouch battery in series, the plurality of first cells being connected in parallel to form a battery pack to be connected to the pouch battery in series.
 
4. The battery system according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first cell comprises a housing, a core accommodated in the housing, a cover plate encapsulating the housing, an inner electrode terminal located at an inner side of the cover plate, and an outer electrode terminal located at an outer side of the cover plate, the inner electrode terminal being electrically connected to the core, and the current interrupt device being disposed on the cover plate and electrically connected to the outer electrode terminal and the inner electrode terminal respecti vel y.
 
5. The battery system according to claim 4, wherein the housing is one of an aluminum shell, a steel shell, and a plastic housing, and a thickness of the housing is 0.4 mm to 1.5 mm.
 
6. The battery system according to claim 5, wherein the current interrupt device comprises a score member and a flipping member, the score member being electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal, and the flipping member being electrically connected to the score member and the outer electrode terminal respectively and being in gas communication with an inside of the first cell.
 
7. The battery system according to claim 6, wherein the score member comprises a score region in which a score is formed, a first welding region to be electrically connected to the flipping member, and a second welding region to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal, and the flipping member can act under an effect of air pressure to break the score, the score being disposed around the first welding region, and at least one of the first welding region and the second welding region being disposed in a plane different from a plane in which the score is disposed.
 
8. The battery system according to claim 7, wherein the score is disposed in a plane different from planes in which the first welding region and the second welding region are disposed.
 
9. The battery system according to claim 8, wherein a boss protruding from the score region is formed on the score member, the first welding region being formed on an upper surface of the boss and parallel to the score region, and an annular welding joint being disposed at an outer periphery of the upper surface.
 
10. The battery system according to claim 9, wherein a ring wall protruding in a direction same as a direction in which the boss protrudes is formed at an outer periphery of the score region, an upper edge of the ring wall being flush with an upper edge of the boss in a height direction, and an outer wall of the ring wall being to be electrically connected to the inner electrode terminal.
 
11. The battery system according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the second welding region, the score region, and the first welding region are sequentially arranged from outside to inside in a radial direction, and form a step structure gradually approaching the flipping member from outside to inside, and the score is disposed around the first welding region.
 
12. The battery system according to claim 11, wherein a ring wall protruding in a direction opposite to a direction in which the boss protrudes is formed at the outer periphery of the score region, the second welding region being formed at an outer periphery of the ring wall and parallel to the score region, and an annular welding joint being formed at an outer periphery of the second welding region.
 
13. The battery system according to claim 12, wherein a sidewall of the boss and the ring wall are perpendicular to the score region respectively.
 
14. The battery system according to any of claims 7 to 13, wherein the first welding region, the score region, and the second welding region respectively form a ring structure.
 
15. The battery system according to any of claims 6 to 14, wherein a first connection region to be electrically connected to the score member and a second connection region to be electrically connected to the outer electrode terminal are formed on the flipping member, and a deformation cushion region is further formed on the flipping member, the deformation cushion region being disposed in the first connection region.
 
16. The battery system according to claim 15, wherein the flipping member is a sheet structure in the shape of a cone, a small end of the cone forming the first connection region, and a large end of the cone away from the score member forming the second connection region.
 
17. The battery system according to claim 15 or 16, wherein the deformation cushion region forms an annular groove structure surrounding the first connection region.
 
18. The battery system according to claim 17, wherein a radial cross-section of the annular groove structure is arc-shaped or angular.
 
19. The battery system according to any of claims 6 to 18, wherein a support ring is connected between a lower side of an outer periphery of the flipping member and the cover plate in a sealing manner, and an outer periphery of the outer electrode terminal is electrically connected to an upper side of the outer periphery of the flipping member.
 
20. The battery system according to claim 19, wherein a support flange is formed on an inner wall of the support ring, the outer peripheries of the flipping member and the outer electrode terminal being supported on an upper surface of the support flange.
 
21. An electric vehicle, comprising the battery system according to any of claims 1 to 20.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description