(19)
(11)EP 3 726 667 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
21.10.2020 Bulletin 2020/43

(21)Application number: 19169265.6

(22)Date of filing:  15.04.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01R 13/6473(2011.01)
H01R 24/44(2011.01)
H01R 13/66(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: TE Connectivity Germany GmbH
64625 Bensheim (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • Mandel, Christian
    64291 Darmstadt (DE)
  • Bergner, Bert
    64625 Bensheim (DE)
  • Aboulkassem, Samir
    64291 Darmstadt (DE)
  • Nikfalazar, Mohammad
    64293 Darmstadt (DE)
  • Schmidt, Ralf
    64658 Fürth (DE)
  • Yun, Hyo Chang
    San Jose, CA California 95123 (US)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)

  


(54)CONNECTOR FOR HIGH-FREQUENCY TRANSMISSIONS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE FIELD, IMPEDANCE IMPROVING ELEMENT, CONNECTION ASSEMBLY, METHOD OF IMPROVING THE IMPEDANCE IN A CONNECTOR


(57) The application shows a connector (10) for high-frequency transmissions in the automotive field, comprising a contact element (11) arranged in an interior (15) of the connector (10) and adapted to make contact to an electrical connection element (20) like a cable (40) or a mating connector (30), the connector (10) further comprising an impedance improving element 50 located at a side of the electrical connection element (20), wherein the impedance improving element (50) comprises a reception channel (51) through which the contact element (11) extends and a deformation section (52) adapted to be deformed, at least one of radially or axially. Further, a connection assembly (300) comprising a connector (10) and a cable (40) attached to the connector (10), wherein the deformation section (52) seals and/or holds a dielectric insulation (42) of the cable (14), is disclosed. Moreover, shown is a method of improving the impedance in a connector (10) with a contact element (11), wherein an impedance improving element (50) is used, the impedance improving element (50) comprising a reception channel (51) for the contact element (11) and a deformation section (52) adapted to be deformed.




Description


[0001] The invention relates to a connector for high-frequency transmissions in the automotive field, an impedance improving element, a connection assembly, and a method of improving the impedance in a connector.

[0002] Connectors that are used in the automotive field are produced in large quantities. It has recently become desirable to transmit data with a high rate and thus at high frequencies. However, current connectors suitable for high-frequency transmissions are difficult to produce and expensive and thus unsuitable for the automotive field.

[0003] It is the object of the invention to provide a solution that allows producing large quantities of connectors that are suitable for high-frequency transmissions, in particular in the automotive field.

[0004] According to the invention, this is achieved by a connector for high-frequency transmissions in the automotive field, comprising at least one contact element arranged in an interior of the connector and adapted to make contact to an electrical connection element like a cable or a mating connector, the connector further comprising an impedance improving element located at a side of the electrical connection element, wherein the impedance improving element comprises a reception channel through which the at least one contact element extends, and a deformation section adapted to be deformed, at least one of radially or axially.

[0005] An impedance improving element according to the invention is adapted to be used in a connector according to the invention.

[0006] A connection assembly according to the invention comprises a connector according to the invention.

[0007] The object is further achieved by a method of improving the impedance in a connector with a contact element, wherein an impedance improving element is used, the element comprising a reception channel for the contact element and a deformation section adapted to be deformed.

[0008] The solution according to the invention can further be improved by the following further developments and advantageous embodiments, which are independent of each other and can be combined arbitrarily, as desired.

[0009] The impedance improving element may be located between an attachment section, at which the contact element is attached to a housing of the connector, and an end of the at least one contact element, the end being configured to be connected to the electrical connection element. The impedance improving effect is hereby optimized.

[0010] For example, the impedance improving element can be located between the cable and the attachment section or located between the mating connector and the attachment section.

[0011] In a simple configuration, the deformation section can comprise a foam material. Such a material can be easily deformable. The foam material can be an open or closed cell foam material.

[0012] Advantageously, the impedance improving element can be made from a dielectric material. The material can for example comprise plastic. This allows an easy production.

[0013] In a further development, the impedance improving element can comprise a conductive material. In particular, the impedance improving element can consist of a conductive material. The conductive material can for example be a metal or a material comprising metal, for instance a hybrid material comprising a dielectric material and a conductive network within the dielectric material.

[0014] The deformation section can be elastically deformable to allow repeated use of the impedance improving element.

[0015] In an alternative, the deformation section can be plastically deformable. This can allow a stable configuration.

[0016] In an advantageous development, the deformation section can comprise a heat-shrinkable material. This can improve the manufacturing process, as such a material can be applied in an un-shrunken state and then be shrunk by applying heat.

[0017] In a first advantageous development, the impedance improving element is located at a proximal side of the connector, the proximal side being configured to be connected to the cable, and comprises a receptacle for a dielectric insulation of a cable, wherein the deformation section is adapted to be deformed radially. In such a development, the impedance in the transition between the cable and the connector can be improved.

[0018] The connector can comprise a crimping section and the impedance improving element can be located at the crimping section. For example, the impedance improving element can be located in a space defined by the crimping section, if the crimping section is closed around a circumferential direction, for example if it is cylindrical.

[0019] The crimping section can be, at least in sections, plastically deformable in the radial direction. The crimping section can for example comprise a metal that is deformable by a crimping tool. The amount to which the crimping section is deformed can be controlled and adjusted to a desired impedance.

[0020] The impedance improving element can be mounted to a shielding element of the connector. The electrical connection element can then be inserted into the connector easily so that the manufacturing is simplified.

[0021] The impedance improving element can for example be mounted to the shielding element with glue or through an elastic fit.

[0022] The shielding element can be a part of the housing. In particular, the shielding element can make up the entire housing of the connector.ln a further advantageous development, the impedance improving element is located at a distal side of the connector, the distal side being configured to be connected to the mating connector, and the deformation section is adapted to be deformed axially by a mating connector. In such a development, the impedance in the transition area between the connector and the mating connector can be improved.

[0023] In order to compensate for tolerances during the production process that lead to different distances between the connector and the mating connector in the assembled state, the deformation section can comprise a spring section that is elastically deformable in a plugging direction. The plugging direction is the direction along which the connector is mated with the mating connector.

[0024] In one alternative, the deformation section can comprise a helicoid section. Such a configuration can have a spring function. The spring constant can be, for example, adjusted by an appropriate choice of material thickness and winding density of the helicoid section.

[0025] The axis of the helicoid can be parallel to the plugging direction of the connector in order to allow a simple operation.

[0026] In a further alternative, the deformation section can comprise a meander section. This can allow for application of material for improving the impedance while maintaining a degree of deformability.

[0027] In a further alternative, the deformation section can comprise disks. The disks can have an insulating effect.

[0028] The deformation section can comprise a zigzag section. The zigzag section can have several interconnected sections at angles to each other. Each of the interconnected sections can be slightly angled to a direction perpendicular to the plugging direction. Such a configuration can have a spring effect while providing material for improving the impedance in the areas around the contact element.

[0029] The impedance improving element can be produced by a moulding process. The impedance improving element can be moulded onto an existing element, for example the housing. Alternatively, the impedance improving element can be a separate part that can be attached to a further part. The impedance improving element can be configured to be attached to already existing connectors to improve their performance.

[0030] In an alternative embodiment, the impedance improving element can be produced by machining.

[0031] The impedance improving element can comprise visco-elastic materials such as dry silicone gel. These materials can be squeezed into non-functional voids which has the additional advantage of a constant permittivity.

[0032] In a further advantageous development, the impedance improving element is located at a distal side of the connector, the distal side being configured to be connected to the mating connector, wherein the deformation section is adapted to be deformed radially. In such a development, the impedance in the transition between the cable and the connector can be improved.

[0033] The impedance improving element can be configured to contact an outer conductor of the connector or the electrical connection element, in particular the mating connector or the cable. In a mounted state, the impedance improving element can contact the outer conductor. The outer conductor can be a part of a shielding or a housing of the connector. The outer conductor can be connected to ground or a similar common voltage level.

[0034] The connector can comprise a recess configured to take up the impedance improving element, in particular in a deformed state. For example, the recess can comprise a channel and be adapted to take up parts of the deformation section of the impedance improving element, for instance when it is deformed. In particular, the recess can be open radially inwards in order to take up an impedance improving element that is deformable radially outwards.

[0035] The impedance improving element and the deformation section can comprise a hollow section in order to allow an easy deformation with a low force.A connection assembly can comprise a connector according to the invention and a cable attached to the connector, wherein the deformation section seals and/or holds a dielectric insulation of the cable. Air and creeping connections along which an electrical shortcut can occur can thus be avoided or elongated.

[0036] In order to keep the manufacturing simple, the impedance improving element can be mounted to a dielectric insulation of the cable before the connection between the cable and the connector is made. The connector can then be slid over such an arrangement.

[0037] A connection assembly can comprise a connector according to the invention and a mating connector with at least one mating contact element for the contact element, wherein the impedance improving element surrounds a contact area in which the at least one contact element and the at least one mating contact element contact each other. With such an embodiment, the impedance in the transition between the at least contact element and the at least one mating contact element can be improved.

[0038] In order to achieve a good impedance improving, the impedance improving element can cover at least across its length 360° of the circumference of the at least one contact element.

[0039] A method according to the invention can advantageously comprise the step of deforming the deformation section.

[0040] For example, the deformation section can be at least partially moved over a dielectric insulation of a cable and the deformation section can be subsequently deformed radially.

[0041] In order to adjust the impedance, the deformation can be controlled depending on the impedance of the connector and/or the connection assembly. The impedance can, for example, be measured during the deformation process by TDR measurements.

[0042] The adjustment can for example be done by adjusting the crimp height. For example, the cross section and/or the circumference of the crimp section can correspond to the cross section and/or circumference of the outer conductor of the cable. A deviation of plus/minus 20 % in these values can be considered as corresponding.

[0043] The cross section and/or the circumference at the crimp section can be smaller than the cross section and/or circumference at the outer conductor of the cable. By this, nearby sections with bigger cross sections or circumferences can be compensated.

[0044] The impedance between the core conductor and outer conductor at the deformation section can be adjusted to correspond to the impedance of the cable. A deviation of plus/minus 20 % in the impedances can be considered as corresponding.

[0045] The impedance at the deformation section can be adjusted to be lower than the impedance of the cable. This can be used to compensate a higher impedance region before or after the crimping section.

[0046] In an advantageous embodiment, the deformation section or the impedance improving element can be deformed radially and the impedance improving element can be adapted to contact an outer conductor of the connector or the electrical connection element.

[0047] In a further embodiment, the deformation section can be deformed axially. This may be due to the movement of a mating connector during a connection step. In particular, the deforming can occur automatically during the plugging process. The impedance improving element can comprise stop faces at a front for mating faces of the mating connector to achieve such an automatic deformation.

[0048] The impedance improving element can be tube-like or sleeve like. This can enable an easy assembly. For example, the impedance improving element can at least in sections have a circular cross-section in order to improve the mounting process. Alternatively, it can have other types of cross-sections, for example a rectangular or an elliptic cross-section.

[0049] The impedance improving element can have a first section with a large inner diameter and a second section with a smaller inner diameter. The first section may face towards a proximal side. The second section may face towards a distal side.

[0050] The at least one contact element can protrude out of the impedance improving element through a through-hole at a front section. Simple contacting can be achieved with this.

[0051] The at least one contact element and the through-hole can have mating inclined or beveled surfaces to allow a precise positioning and a sealing effect.

[0052] The impedance improving element can comprise a stop face for corresponding elements of the mating connector. This can allow a precise positioning.

[0053] The impedance improving element can comprise a sealing surface at a front for sealing the at least one contact element together with corresponding elements at the mating connector.

[0054] In order to allow for example the use of different materials, the impedance improving element can be a separate part. It can be a part that can be produced separately and be added later to existing connectors to improve their impedance performance.

[0055] In a further embodiment, the impedance improving element can be integrated into and/or monolithic with other elements. For example, the impedance improving element can be integrated into or be formed by an insulation part, in particular a dielectric insulation between a core conductor and an outer conductor.

[0056] The invention will now be described in greater detail and in an exemplary manner using advantageous embodiments and with reference to the drawings. The described embodiments are only possible configurations in which, however, the individual features as described above can be provided independently of one another or can be omitted.

[0057] In the figures:
Fig. 1
shows a schematic longitudinal cross-section through an embodiment of a connector;
Fig. 2
shows a schematic longitudinal cross-section through the embodiment of Fig. 1 during a method step;
Fig. 3
shows an enlarged view of a detail of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4
shows a schematic longitudinal cross-section through the embodiment of Fig. 1 after a crimping step;
Fig. 5
shows an enlarged view of a detail of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6
shows a schematic longitudinal cross-section through the further embodiment of a connector;
Fig. 7
shows a schematic side view of the embodiment of a connector shown in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8
shows a schematic side view of a further embodiment of a connector;
Fig. 9
shows a schematic side view of a further embodiment of a connector;
Figs. 10A and 10B
show schematic cross-sections through a further embodiment of a connector in a first state and a second state;
Figs. 11A and 11B
show schematic cross-sections through a further embodiment of a connector in a first state and a second state; and
Figs. 12A and 12B
show schematic cross-sections through a further embodiment of a connector in a first state and a second state.


[0058] In Figs. 1 to 5, a first embodiment of a connector 10 and a method for improving the impedance in the connector 10 is shown.

[0059] The connector 10 can be used in the automotive field. However, other applications are of course also possible.

[0060] The connector 10 is adapted to be connected to a mating connector 30 (see for example Fig. 2) by plugging the connector 10 along a plugging direction P into the mating connector 30. The connector 10 therefore has a contact element 11, which is in this example embodied as a pin that can be received in a mating contact element 31 of the mating connector 30, for example in a socket. The contact element 11 is arranged in an interior 15 of the connector 10 and is adapted to make contact to an electrical connection element 20 like the mating connector 30 at a distal end 13 or a cable 14 at a proximal end 14 opposite the distal end 13.

[0061] In particular, the contact element 11 is attached to a core conductor 41 of the cable 40. The core conductor 41 is surrounded by a dielectric insulation 42 which is in turn surrounded by an outer conductor 43 of the cable 14.

[0062] The conductor 10 further comprises an impedance improving element 50. In this case, the impedance improving element 50 is located at a side of the cable 40 in order to improve the connection between the cable 40 and the contact element 11.

[0063] The impedance improving element 50 comprises a reception channel 51 for the contact element 11 in the connector 10, through which the contact element 11 extends. Further, the impedance improving element 50 comprises a deformation section 52 that is adapted to be deformed. In this case, the deformation section 52 is adapted to be deformed in a radial direction R that is perpendicular to the axial direction A along which the contact element 11 extends. The axial direction A is parallel to the plugging direction P.

[0064] The deformation section 52 can comprise a foam material in order to be easily deformable. In other embodiments, the deformation section can comprise a heat-shrinkable material.

[0065] The deformation section 52 can be elastically or plastically deformable.

[0066] The impedance improving element 50 is made from a dielectric material so that it provides an insulating effect. The impedance improving element 50 can, for example, be made from a plastic material or a rubber-like material.

[0067] The impedance improving element 50 is located at a proximal side 14 of the connector 10. It comprises a receptacle 54 for a dielectric insulation 42 of the cable 14. The dielectric insulation 42 thus protrudes into the interior 15 of the impedance improving element 50.

[0068] The connector 10 comprises a crimping section 19 that is adapted to be crimped radially. The crimping section 19 is plastically deformable in the radial direction R. As shown in Figs. 2 to 5, a crimping tool 200 is used to deform the crimping section 19 and the deformation section 52 of the impedance improving element 50 by applying a radial pressure. In this crimping step, the crimping section 19 squeezes the impedance improving element 50 onto the cable 40 and thus also mechanically connects the two. The crimping process leaves an indent 191 in the housing 17 of the connector 10. The housing 17 also comprises a shielding 17 that is connected to the outer conductor 43 of the cable and provides an electromagnetic shielding. In Fig. 2, a cross-section is shown in which an indent 191 is located in the background.

[0069] The deformation section 52 is located in a space 190 defined by the crimping section 19. After the crimping and the deformation, the interior of the impedance improving element 50 is sealed. The core conductor 41 of the cable is thus insulated from the outer conductor 43 and short circuits through conduction through air or dirt are minimized.

[0070] The impedance improving element 50 can be mounted either to the cable 14 or to the connector 10 before the crimping takes place. This allows an easy assembly. The impedance improving element 50 can, for example, be attached by means of glue or through an elastic fit.

[0071] When viewed from a front side, the impedance improving element 50 covers the entire circumference of the contact element. This maximizes the impedance improving effect and guarantees sealing.

[0072] The amount to which the crimping tool 200 deforms the crimping section 19 and the deformation section 52 of the impedance improving element 50 can be adjusted depending on the desired impedance in this area. It can, for example, be adjusted during the crimping process by measuring the impedance. The impedance can, for example, be measured during the deformation process by TDR measurements.

[0073] The crimping tool 200 can perform a crimping around the entire circumference of the connector 10 or only in parts.

[0074] The adjustment can for example be done by adjusting the crimp height. For example, the cross section 192 and/or the circumference of the housing 17 and the shielding 18 at the crimp section 19 can correspond to the cross section 430 and/or circumference at the outer conductor 43 of the cable 40. A deviation of plus/minus 20 % in these values can be considered as corresponding.

[0075] The cross section 192 and/or the circumference at the crimp section 19 can be smaller than the cross section 430 and/or circumference at the outer conductor 430 of the cable 40. By this, nearby sections with bigger cross sections or circumferences can be compensated.

[0076] The impedance at the deformation section 19 can be adjusted to correspond to the impedance of the cable 40. A deviation of plus/minus 20 % in the impedances can be considered as corresponding.

[0077] The impedance at the deformation section 19 can be adjusted to be lower than the impedance of the cable. This can be used to compensate a higher impedance region before or after the crimping section 19.

[0078] The impedance improving element 50 can be tube-like or sleeve like. This can enable an easy assembly. It can have a circular cross-section. In other embodiments, it can have different cross-sections.

[0079] The impedance improving element 50 can have a first section 251 with a large inner diameter and a second section 252 with a smaller inner diameter.

[0080] The contact element 11 can protrude out of the impedance improving element 50 through a through-hole 57 at a distal end 13. Simple contacting can be achieved with this.

[0081] The contact element 11 and the through-hole 57 can have mating inclined surfaces 58, 118 to allow a precise positioning.

[0082] The impedance improving element 50 can comprise a stop face 65 for corresponding elements of the mating connector. This can allow a precise positioning.

[0083] The impedance improving element can comprise a sealing surface 59 at the distal side 13 for sealing the contact element 11 together with corresponding elements at the mating connector 30.

[0084] A connection assembly 300 comprises the connector 10 and the cable 40 attached to the connector 10.

[0085] In Figs. 6 and 7, a further embodiment of a connector 10 with an impedance improving element 50 is shown. In Fig. 6, the connector 10 is connected to the mating connector 30, which comprises a socket as a mating contact element 31 for the contact element 11 of the connector 10.

[0086] The connector 10 is again used in the automotive field. In this field, large quantities of connectors 10 need to be manufactured at low cost. The manufactured connectors 10 then have big tolerances and the distance between the connector 10 and the counter connector 30 varies considerably. This leads to variations in the impedance of the connection assembly 300.

[0087] Apart from the already described impedance improving element 50 located in the transition area between the contact element 11 and the cable 40, the connector 10 further comprises a second impedance improving element 50 located around a front part of the contact element 11. This impedance improving element 50 again comprises a reception channel 51 for the contact element 11. This impedance improving element 50 also comprises a deformation section 52 adapted to be deformed. The deformation section 52 of this impedance improving element 50 can be deformed axially. When making contact to the mating connector 30, the deformation section 52 is deformed along the axial direction A of the contact element 11. By this, the space between the contact element 11 and a housing 17 of the connector 10 is filled with dielectric material and the impedance is improved.

[0088] The embodiment shown in Figs. 6 and 7 comprises discs 170, the planes of which run along the radial direction R and are thus perpendicular to the plugging direction P and the axial direction A. The disks can thus provide an insulating effect.

[0089] In Fig. 8, a further embodiment of a connector 10 is shown. The connector 10 again comprises the impedance improving element 50 located around the contact element 11. The impedance improving element 50 comprises a deformation section 52 that can be deformed axially. The deformation section 52 comprises a helicoid section 150 in which material is arranged in a screw-like manner. The axis 155 of the helicoid section 150 runs along the plugging direction P of the connector 10.

[0090] Such a configuration can result in spring forces along the axial direction A. When the connector 10 is plugged into the mating connector 30, the deformation section 52 is automatically deformed. Thereby, the impedance is improved independent of the production tolerances.

[0091] Fig. 8 shows a further embodiment of the connector 10. In this embodiment, a deformation section 52 of the impedance improving element 50 comprises a zigzag section 160 with interconnected sections 151. Each of the interconnected sections 51 has a slight angle 152 relative to the radial direction R.

[0092] In the embodiments of Figs. 6 to 9, the impedance improving element is located between an attachment section 16, at which the contact element 11 is attached to the housing 17 of the connector 10, and an end 111 of the contact element 11, the end 111 being configured to be connected to the electrical connection element 20 in the form of the mating connector 30.

[0093] Further, in the embodiments of Figs. 6 to 9, the impedance element 50 is located at the distal side 13 of the connector 10, the distal side 14 being configured to be connected to the mating connector 40.

[0094] The impedance improving element 50 is located next to a contact area 81 in which the contact element 11 contacts the mating contact element 31.

[0095] Moreover, the impedance improving element 50 covers at least across its length 360° of the circumference of the contact element 10.In Figs. 10A and 10B, a further embodiment of a connector 10 with an impedance improving element 50 is shown. The connector 10 is connected to a mating connector 30 and shown with different mating depths in Figs. 10A and 10B.

[0096] The impedance improving element 50 comprises a conductive material and is in a conductive electric connection with an outer conductor 63 of the connector 10. The outer conductor 63 is in this case a housing 17 which also serves as a shielding 18 and is connected to ground. This outer conductor 63 is also connected to an outer conductor 63 of the mating connector 30.

[0097] The deformability of the impedance improving element 50 results in an improved impedance for all mating depths.

[0098] The impedance improving element 50 is embodied as a ring that surrounds an empty space 64 which serves as the reception channel 51 for the contact element 11.

[0099] Figs. 11A, 11B, 12A and 12B show further embodiments of a connector 10. In these embodiments, the impedance improving element 50 and the deformation section 52 are radially deformable. As in the embodiment of Figs. 10A and 10B, the impedance improving element 50 is configured to contact an outer conductor 63 and comprises an electrically conductive material.

[0100] The impedance improving element 50 is again located at a distal side 13 of the connector 10, the distal side 13 being the side that is adapted to contact the mating connector 30. The impedance improving element 50 has a basically torus-shaped configuration in which an outer ring has a hollow section 66 at the inside. Due to the hollow section 66, the deformability of the deformation section 52 is improved. A wedge-shaped front section 45 of the mating connector 30 deforms the impedance improving element 50 when it is connected to the counter connector. During this insertion process, the impedance improving element 50, in particular the deformation section 52 is deformed radially and the hollow section 66 is squeezed to a minimal volume. Due to the fact that the deformation section 52 is deformed radially, the impedance of the impedance improvement element 50 differs depending on the mating or insertion depth of the mating connector 13, improving the overall impedance of the connection assembly 300.

[0101] In Figs. 12A and 12B, a further embodiment is shown. The impedance improving element 50 is again located at a distal side 13 of the connector 10 and radially deformable. When the mating connector 30 is inserted into a connector 10, the deformation section 52 of the impedance improving element15 is deflected radially outwards due to a wedge-shaped front section 45 on the mating connector 30. To take up the impedance improving element 50, a recess 68 is present in the connector 10. The recess 68 is formed by an outer conductor 63 of the connector 10. The recess 68 is channel-like with the channel being open radially inwards in order to take up the radially outwardly deflecting impedance improving element.

[0102] This impedance improving element 50 can again be electrically conductive and in electric contact with the outer conductor 63 of the connector 10. Depending on the insertion depth of the mating connector 13, the deflection of the impedance improving element 50, in particular the deformation section 52 varies. Accordingly, the appearance in this area also varies and the overall impedance of the connection assembly 300 is improved relative to a configuration without an impedance improving element 50.

[0103] In the depicted embodiments, the impedance improving elements 50 are separate parts that can be manufactured separately. In other embodiments, however, the impedance improving elements 50 could be integrated into or be monolithic with other parts. For example, a housing 17 or a dielectric insulation between a core conductor and an outer conductor could form an impedance improving element 50.

REFERENCE SIGNS



[0104] 
10
connector
11
contact element
12
side of electrical connection element
13
distal side
14
proximal side
15
interior
16
attachment section
17
housing
18
shielding
19
crimping section
20
electrical connection element
30
mating connector
31
mating contact element
40
cable
41
core conductor
42
insulation
43
outer conductor
45
front section
50
impedance improving element
51
reception channel
52
deformation section
54
receptacle
55
spring section
57
through-hole
58
inclined surface
59
sealing surface
63
outer conductor
64
empty space
65
stop face
66
hollow section
68
recess
81
contact area
111
end of contact element
118
inclined surface
150
helicoid section
151
interconnected section
152
angle
155
axis
160
zigzag section
170
disk
190
space defined by crimping section
191
indent
192
cross-section
200
crimping tool
251
first section
252
second section
300
connection assembly
430
cross-section
A
axial direction
P
plugging direction
R
radial direction



Claims

1. Connector (10) for high-frequency transmissions in the automotive field, comprising at least one contact element (11) arranged in an interior (15) of the connector (10) and adapted to make contact to an electrical connection element (20) like a cable (40) or a mating connector (30), the connector (10) further comprising an impedance improving element (50) located at a side of the electrical connection element (20), wherein the impedance improving element (50) comprises a reception channel (51) through which the at least one contact element (11) extends and a deformation section (52) adapted to be deformed, at least one of radially or axially.
 
2. Connector (10) according to claim 1, wherein the impedance improving element (50) is located at a proximal side (14) of the connector (10), the proximal side (14) being configured to be connected to the cable (40), and comprises a receptacle (54) for a dielectric insulation (42) of the cable (40) and wherein the deformation section (52) is adapted to be deformed radially.
 
3. Connector (10) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the connector (10) comprises a crimping section (19) and the impedance improving element (50) is located at the crimping section (19).
 
4. Connector (10) according to one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the impedance improving element (50) is mounted to a shielding (18) of the connector (10).
 
5. Connector (10) according to one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the impedance improving element (50) is located at a distal side (13) of the connector (10), the distal side (13) being configured to be connected to the mating connector (30), and the deformation section (52) is adapted to be deformed axially by the mating connector (30).
 
6. Connector (10) according to one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the impedance improving element (50) is located at a distal side (13) of the connector (10), the distal side (13) being configured to be connected to the mating connector (30), and the deformation section (52) is adapted to be deformed radially by the mating connector (30).
 
7. Connector (10) according to one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the impedance improving element (50) is located between an attachment section (16), at which the at least one contact element (11) is attached to a housing (17) of the connector (10), and an end (111) of the at least one contact element (11), the end (111) being configured to be connected to the electrical connection element (20).
 
8. Connector (10) according to one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the deformation section (52) comprises a foam material.
 
9. Impedance improving element (50) adapted to be used in a connector (10) according to one of claims 1 to 8.
 
10. Connection assembly (300) comprising a connector (10) according to one of claims 1 to 8 and a cable (40) attached to the connector (10), wherein the deformation section (52) seals and/or holds a dielectric insulation (42) of the cable (14).
 
11. Connection assembly (300) according to claim 10, wherein the impedance improving element (50) is mounted to a dielectric insulation (42) of the cable (40).
 
12. Method of improving the impedance in a connector (10) with at least one contact element (11), wherein an impedance improving element (50) is used, the impedance improving element (50) comprising a reception channel (51) for the at least one contact element (11) and a deformation section (52) adapted to be deformed.
 
13. Method according to claim 12, wherein the method comprises the step of deforming the deformation section (52).
 
14. Method according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the deformation section (52) is at least partially moved over a dielectric insulation (42) of a cable (40) and the deformation section (52) is subsequently deformed radially.
 
15. Method according to one of claims 12 to 14, wherein the deformation is controlled depending on the impedance of the connector (10).
 




Drawing








































Search report









Search report