(19)
(11)EP 3 733 763 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 19171891.5

(22)Date of filing:  30.04.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C08L 23/08(2006.01)
H01B 3/44(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Borealis AG
1220 Vienna (AT)

(72)Inventors:
  • SULTAN, Bernt-Ake
    44486 Stenungsund (SE)
  • JUNQVIST, Jonas
    44486 Stenungsund (SE)
  • RIBARITS, Elisabeth
    44486 Stenungsund (SE)

(74)Representative: Kador & Partner PartG mbB 
Corneliusstraße 15
80469 München
80469 München (DE)

  


(54)POLYETHYLENE COMPOSITION FOR IMPROVING ADHESION TO POLYURETHANE RESINS


(57) The present invention concerns a polyethylene composition comprising
(A) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydrolysable silane-groups, and
(B) one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of
(B1) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups,
(B2) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with (meth-)acrylate groups, and
(B3) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups,

a cable comprising a layer (1) which comprises one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of (B1), (B2) and (B3) and to the use of one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of (B1), (B2) and (B3) for improving the adhesion between a layer of a cable comprising the ethylene co-polymer(s) and a polyurethane resin.


Description


[0001] The present invention relates to a polyethylene composition comprising one or more specific ethylene co-polymer(s), in particular a polyethylene composition comprising one or more ethylene co-polymers for improving the adhesion between a layer of a cable comprising ethylene co-polymer(s) and a polyurethane resin (PUR). The present invention further relates to a cable comprising a layer comprising one or more of said ethylene co-polymers and to the use of one or more of said ethylene co-polymers for improving the adhesion between a layer of a cable comprising ethylene co-polymer(s) and a polyurethane resin (PUR).

[0002] In the field of power cables, such as low voltage (LV) cables, often polyurethane cast resins (PUR) are used when jointing such cables. While PVC, which is a common material used for layers in power cables, has an excellent adhesion towards PUR, polyolefins, and amongst them ethylene vinylsilane ethylene copolymers, show almost no adhesion at all towards such jointing material.

[0003] As polyolefins are also frequently used as layers in power cables there is a need to provide polyolefin, in particular polyethylene, compositions or power cables in which layers comprising polyolefins, in particular polyethylenes, are contained with an enhanced adhesion towards PURs.

[0004] The present invention is based on the finding that this object can be achieved if a polyethylene composition is used for producing the cable/a layer of the cable which comprises both an ethylene co-polymer containing hydrolysable silane-groups and an ethylene co-polymer with monomer units comprising hydroxyl groups and/or (meth-)acrylate groups, and/or if a cable comprises a layer which comprises an ethylene co-polymer with monomer units comprising hydroxyl groups and/or (meth-)acrylate groups.

[0005] The present invention therefore, first, provides a polyethylene composition comprising
  1. (A) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydrolysable silane-groups, and
  2. (B) one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of

    (B1) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups,

    (B2) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with (meth-)acrylate groups, and

    (B3) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups.



[0006] The term "ethylene co-polymer" as used herein is intended to denote a polymer of ethylene in which one or more other type(s) of monomer units than ethylene are present.

[0007] Components (A) and (B) may be present in the composition as separate ethylene co-polymers or as one ethylene co-polymer containing the respective groups/monomer units simultaneously.

[0008] For example, the polyethylene composition may comprise (A) and (B1) in the form of one ethylene co-polymer comprising hydrolysable silane-groups and monomer units having hydroxyl groups. In the case of (A) and (B3) this may be one ethylene co-polymer comprising hydrolysable silane-groups and monomer units having both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups

[0009] The term "(meth)acrylate" is intended to encompass both "acrylate" and "methacrylate".

[0010] Component (A) is an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydrolysable silane-groups. It is known to cross-link polyolefins by means of additives as this improves the properties of the polyolefin such as mechanical strength and chemical heat resistance. Cross-linking may be performed by condensation of silanol groups contained in the composition which can be obtained by hydrolysation of silane groups. A silane-group containing compound can be introduced as a cross-linkable group e.g. by grafting the silane compound onto a polyolefin, i.e. by chemical modification of the polymer by addition of silane groups mostly in a radical reaction, or by copolymerisation of olefin monomers and silane-group containing monomers. Such techniques are known e.g. from US 4,413,066, US 4.297,310, US 4,351,876, US 4,397,981, US 4,446,283 and US 4,456,704. If using a graft polymer, this may have been produced e.g. by any of the two methods described in US 3,646,155 and US 4,117,195, respectively.

[0011] Preferably, the silane group containing ethylene co-polymer has been obtained by co-polymerisation. The co-polymerisation is preferably carried out with an unsaturated silane compound represented by the formula

         R1SiR2qY3-q     (V)

wherein

R1 is an ethylenically unsaturated hydrocarbyl, hydrocarbyloxy or (meth)acryloxy hydrocarbyl group,

R2 is an aliphatic saturated hydrocarbyl group,

Y which may be the same or different, is a hydrolysable organic group and

q is 0, 1 or 2.



[0012] Special examples of the unsaturated silane compound are those wherein R1 is vinyl, allyl, isopropenyl, butenyl, cyclohexanyl or gamma-(meth)acryloxy propyl; Y is methoxy, ethoxy, formyloxy, acetoxy, propionyloxy or an alkyl-or arylamino group; and R2, if present, is a methyl, ethyl, propyl, decyl or phenyl group.

[0013] A preferred unsaturated silane compound is represented by the formula

         CH2=CHSi(OA)3     (VI)

wherein A is a hydrocarbyl group having 1-8 carbon atoms, preferably 1-4 carbon atoms.

[0014] The most preferred compounds are vinyl trimethoxysilane, vinyl bismethoxyethoxysilane, vinyl triethoxysilane, gamma-(meth)acryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, gamma(meth)acryloxypropyltriethoxysilane, and vinyl triacetoxysilane.

[0015] The silane-group containing ethylene co-polymer preferably contains 0.001 to 15 wt.% of monomer units with hydrolysable silane groups, more preferably 0.01 to 5 wt.%, and most preferably 0.1 to 2 wt.%.

[0016] Preferably, in the composition the monomer units with hydrolysable silane-group are present in an amount of 0.1 to 1 mol.%, more preferably of 0.15 to 0.8 mol.%, and most preferably of 0.2 to 0.5 mol.%

[0017] For cross-linking of such ethylene co-polymers comprising silanol groups, a silanol condensation catalyst must be used. Conventional catalysts are for example tin-organic compounds such as dibutyl tin dilaurate (DBTDL). It is further known that the cross-linking process advantageously is carried out in the presence of acidic silanol condensation catalysts. In contrast to the conventional tin-organic catalysts the acidic catalysts allow cross-linking to quickly take place already at room temperature. Such acidic silanol condensation catalysts are disclosed for example in WO 95/17463 or in EP 1 309 631 and EP 1 309 632.

[0018] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the polyethylene composition further comprises a silanol condensation catalyst.

[0019] The currently most preferred compounds are dodecyl benzene sulphonic acid and tetrapropyl benzene sulphonic acid.

[0020] Preferably, in the polyethylene composition the silanol condensation catalyst is present in an amount of 0.0001 to 6 wt.%, more preferably of 0.001 to 2 wt.%, and most preferably 0.02 to 0.5 wt.%.

[0021] In a preferred embodiment, component (B) is present in an amount of 2 wt.% or more, more preferably of 4 wt.% or more, and still more preferably of 5 wt.% or more in the total polyethylene composition.

[0022] Furthermore, it is preferred that component (B) is present in an amount of 35 wt.% or less, more preferably of 30 wt.% or less, and most preferably of 25wt.% or less in the total polyethylene composition.

[0023] In one embodiment, component (B) comprises, or consists of, component (B3), i.e. an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups.

[0024] In said ethylene co-polymer both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups may be present at the same monomer units, or may be present in separate monomer units.

[0025] Preferably, in component (B3) both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups are present at the same monomer units, more preferably, component (B3) comprises, or consists of, an ethylene co-polymer containing (meth-)acrylic acid ester wherein the alcohol component of the ester contains a hydroxyl group, and still more preferably, an ethylene co-polymer containing hydroxyalkyl (meth-)acrylate monomer units.

[0026] In a particularly preferred embodiment, component (B3) comprises, or consist of, an ethylene co-polymer containing hydroxyalkyl (meth-)acrylate monomer units wherein the alkyl-group is a C1- to C4- alkyl group, in particular is methyl, ethyl or propyl.

[0027] Further preferred, in component (B3) the monomer units having both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups are present in the ethylene co-polymer in an amount of 1.0 mol.% or more, i.e. both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups are each present in the ethylene co-polymer in an amount of 1.0 mol.% or more, more preferably of 1.5 mol.% or more, and still more preferably of 2.0 mol.% or more.

[0028] Further preferred, in component (B3) the monomer units having both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups are present in the ethylene co-polymer in an amount of 10 mol.% or less, i.e. both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups are each present in the ethylene co-polymer in an amount of 10 mol.% or less, more preferably of 7 mol.% or less, and still more preferably of 5 mol.% or less, and most preferably 3 mol.% and less.

[0029] Further preferred, component (B3) is present in the composition in an amount so that the monomer units having both hydroxyl groups and (alkyl-)acrylate groups are present in the composition in an amount of 0.14 mol.% or more i.e. both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups are each present in the composition in an amount of 0.14 mol.% or more, more preferably of 0.16 mol.% or more, still more preferably of 0.2 mol.% or more, and most preferably of 0.25 mol.% or more.

[0030] Further preferred, component (B3) is present in the composition in an amount so that the monomer units having both hydroxyl groups and (alkyl-)acrylate groups are present in the composition in an amount of 7 mol.% or less i.e. both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups are each present in the composition in an amount of 7 mol.% or less, more preferably of 5 mol.% or less, still more preferably of 4 mol.% or less, and most preferably of 3 mol.% or less.

[0031] In a further embodiment, component (B) comprises, or consists of, component (B1), i.e. an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups.

[0032] In this embodiment component (B1) preferably comprises, or consists of, an ethylene vinyl alcohol co-polymer.

[0033] Preferably, the vinyl alcohol comonomer units are present in the ethylene vinyl alcohol co-polymer in an amount of 10 mol.% or more, more preferably 15 mol.% or more, still more preferably 18 mol.% or more and most preferably 20 mol.% or more.

[0034] Preferably, the vinyl alcohol comonomer units are present in the ethylene vinyl alcohol co-polymer in an amount of 50 mol.% or less, more preferably 45 mol.% or less, still more preferably 40 mol.% or less and most preferably 38 mol.% or less.

[0035] In still a further embodiment, component (B) comprises, or consists of, component (B2).

[0036] Preferably, component (B2) comprises, or consists of, an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units having methyl-, ethyl-, propyl- or butyl-acrylate groups.

[0037] In component (B2) the monomer units having (meth-)acrylate groups are preferably present in the ethylene co-polymer in an amount of 2.5 mol.% or more, more preferably of 3 mol.% or more, and still more preferably of 3.5 mol.% or more.

[0038] In component (B2) the monomer units having (meth-)acrylate groups are preferably present in the ethylene co-polymer in an amount of 15 mol.% or less, more preferably of 10 mol.% or less, and still more preferably of 8 mol.% or less.

[0039] Preferably, component (B2) is present in the composition in an amount so that the monomer units having (meth-)acrylate groups are present in the composition in an amount of 1.0 mol.% or more, more preferably of 1.5 mol.% or more, and still more preferably of 2.0 mol.% or more.

[0040] Preferably, component (B2) is present in the composition in an amount so that the monomer units having (meth-)acrylate groups are present in the composition in an amount of 14 mol.% or less, more preferably of 9 mol.% or less, and still more preferably of 7 mol.% or less.

[0041] Component (B2) has preferably been produced in a tubular reactor.

[0042] In a preferred embodiment, the adhesion strength between the composition and a standard polyurethane resin according to standard test as defined in the experimental section below is at least 1 N/mm. Typically, the adhesion strength is not more than 50 N/mm, preferably not more than 25 N/mm The standard polyurethane resin according to the present application is Protolin 2000, commercially available from Lovink-Enertech

[0043] In one embodiment, components (A) and (B), in any of the above-described embodiments, make up at least 85 wt.% of the polyethylene composition of the invention, in a further embodiment make up at least 90 wt.% of the composition, and in still a further embodiment make up at least 95 wt.% of the composition.

[0044] The present invention furthermore relates to a cable comprising a layer (1) which comprises, or consists of, one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of

(B1) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups,

(B2) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with (meth-)acrylate groups, and

(B3) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups.



[0045] All embodiments and preferred embodiments as described for components (B1), (B2) and (B3) hereinbefore apply also to components (B1), (B2) and (B3) of the layer (1) of the cable of the invention.

[0046] For example, the cable may comprise a layer (1) which comprises, or consists of, component (B2) in any of the embodiments as described herein, wherein the layer is a skin layer (i.e. the outermost layer of the cable).

[0047] In a preferred embodiment, the adhesion strength between the cable and a standard polyurethane resin according to standard test as defined in the experimental section below is at least 1 N/mm.

[0048] In one embodiment, the one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of (B1), B2) and (B3) in any of the above-described embodiments, make up at least 85 wt.% of layer (1), in a further embodiment make up at least 90 wt.% of layer (1), and in still a further embodiment make up at least 95 wt.% of layer (1).

[0049] In a preferred embodiment, layer (1) comprises, or consists of, the polyethylene composition according to the present invention in any of the above-described embodiments.

[0050] For example, the cable may comprise a layer (1) which comprises, or consists of, a polyethylene composition comprising, or consisting of, components (A) and (B2) in any of the embodiments as described herein, wherein the layer is a skin layer (i.e. the outermost layer of the cable), and wherein (A) and (B2) may be present in the composition as a ethylene co-polymer comprising both monomer units with hydrolysable silane groups and monomer units with (meth-) acrylate groups.

[0051] In the cable of the invention further layer(s) adjacent to layer (1) may be present which may comprise, or consist of, an ethylene copolymer with hydrolysable silane-groups, a polypropylene, a polyethylene, such as a LLDPE or a HDPE, and/or a thermoplastic.

[0052] Preferably, in the cable according to the invention a further layer is present adjacent to layer (1) which comprises, or consists of, a polyethylene containing hydrolysable silane-groups.

[0053] Layer (1) is preferably a skin layer and/or insulation layer, more preferably is a skin layer.

[0054] Preferably, the cable of the invention is a power cable, e.g. a low voltage power cable.

[0055] The present invention furthermore relates to the use of one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of

(B1) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups,

(B2) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with (meth-)acrylate groups, and

(B3) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups,

in any of the embodiments as described herein, for improving the adhesion between a layer of a cable comprising the ethylene co-polymer(s) and a polyurethane resin.

EXAMPLES


1. Determination methods


a) Melt Flow Rate



[0056] The melt flow rate (MFR) is determined according to ISO 1133 and is indicated in g/10 min. The MFR is an indication of the flowability, and hence the processability, of the polymer. The higher the melt flow rate, the lower the viscosity of the polymer.

[0057] The MFR2 of polyethylene (co-)polymers is measured at a temperature 190 °C and at a load of 2.16 kg.

b) Adhesion strength



[0058] The adhesion strength is measured according to standard HD 603 S1/A3:2008, see part 5, section G. This standard prescribes a minimum adhesion strength of 1 N/mm width of cable sample between the cable insulation and the joint cast resin (commonly Polyurethane but also epoxy based is existing).

[0059] The data in this invention is based on adhesion to tape samples with a thickness of 0.5 mm and a length of 30 cm. The tapes are prepared on a Collin TeachLine E20T tape extruder with a 4.2:1, 20D Compression screw, D=20 mm, with a temperature profile of 135/165/755°C at 30 rpm. The tape samples are then conditioned for at least 24 hours in 23°C and 59% relative humidity and then cleaned with IPA.

[0060] The conditioned tapes are placed on plaques made of HDPE. The plaques contain openings with a width of 10 mm, length of 150 mm and depth of 15 mm. The tape samples are placed above the openings. The tapes are fixed above the openings by another HDPE plaque. The PUR is mixed with the hardener and poured in the openings. The mould is then conditioned for 24 hours. The PUR crosslink and hardened during that time. The tape and the PUR sample is removed from the holder and the adhesion force measured in a tensile tester with a special sample holder as described in VDE 0472-633.

[0061] The master-batch (MB-CAT) was dry-blended with the polymers/compounds outlined in table 1 and 2. Thereafter 1.8 mm thick tape was extruded with a temperature profile of 135/145/155°C with 30 rpm on a Collin TeachLine E20T tape extruder with a 4.2:1, 20D Compression screw, D=20 mm.

2. Experimental Methods


a) Crosslinking



[0062] Samples containing the crosslinking catalyst master-batch CM-A were crosslinked in 90°C water for 24h prior conditioning for the adhesion test. CM-A was dry-blended into the specific polymer mixture of choice prior the tape extrusion step.

3. Materials


a) Ethylene co-polymers



[0063] The ethylene co-polymers with the type and amount of comonomer(s) indicated used in the present invention are given in Table 1 below. Nucrel 0903HC, Nucrel 1202, Surlyn 9320, Surlyn 8320, Escor 6060, Escorene UL00119, Levapren 400, EVAL G156B and EVAL F101A are ethylene co-polymers commercially available from the suppliers as indicated. In table 1 below. Polymer C and D are terpolymers.

[0064] Polymer A-F were produced in a 660m long split feed high pressure tubular reactor (Union Carbide type A-1). The inner wall diameter is 32 mm. Chain transfer agent (propylene), initiators (t-butylperoxy 2-ethylhexanoate (Luperox 26) and air) and co-monomers were added to the reactor in a conventional manner. Polymerization pressure were 230 MPa for all polymers. The maximum polymerization temperature was 310°C for polymer A and B, 285°C for Polymer C-G.
Table 1: Ethylene co-polymers
NameComonomer(s)MFR2, g/10minSupplier
 Type(s)Content, wt.%Content, mol.%  
Polymer A VTMS 1.2 0.23 0.9 Borealis
Polymer B VTMS 1.9 0.37 0.9 Borealis
Polymer C BA/VTMS 4/1.2 0.90/0.24 0.9 Borealis
Polymer D MA/VTMS 22.5/1.4 8.7/0.32 3.5 Borealis
Polymer E BA 17 4.2 1.5 Borealis
Polymer F MA 20 7.4 7.5 Borealis
Polymer G HEMA 8 2.6 1.2 Borealis
Nucrel 0903HC MAA 9 3.0 3 Du Pont
Nucrel 1202 MAA 12 4.3 1.5 Du Pont
Surlyn 9320 Zn-ionomer n.a. n.a. 0.8 Du Pont
Surlyn 8320 Na-ionomer n.a. n.a. 1 Du Pont
Escor 6060 AA 8.5 3.5 8 Exxon
Escorene UL00109 VA 9   0.7 Exxon
Escorene UL00119 VA 19 7.1 0.7 Exxon
Levapren 400 VA 40 18 3 Lanxess
EVAL G156B VOH 48 36 6 Kuraray
EVAL F101A VOH 32 23 1.6 Kuraray
AA - acrylic acid
BA - butyl acrylate
MA - methyl acrylate
MAA - methyl acrylic acid
HEMA - hydroxy ethyl methacrylate
VA - vinylacetate
VOH - vinylalcohol
VTMS - vinyl trimethoxy silane
n.a. - not available

b) Crosslinking catalyst master batch CM-A



[0065] CM-A consists of a crosslinking catalyst (1 wt.% dibutyl tin dilaurate) and a stabilizer (2wt.% Irganox 1010) which is compounded into an ethylene butyl acrylate (BA) copolymer with a BA content of 17wt-% and MFR2=8g/10 min.

c) Polyurethane resin (PUR)



[0066] The polyurethane resin (PUR) used in the present invention as cable jointing cast resin is Protolin 2000, commercially available from Lovink-Enertech. It is a two component non-filled and non-colored two-component cast resin

4. Results



[0067] The results of adhesion tests for polyethylene compositions to polyurethane resin Protolin 2000 are shown in Table 2 below. Inventive examples IE1 to IE3 are polyethylene compositions comprising polyethylene polymer(s) containing hydrolysable silane-groups (A) and ethylene copolymer(s) (B).
Table 2: Adhesion of polyethylene compositions to cable jointing cast resin Protolin 2000
ExampleEthylene copolymerComonomer type(s)wt.% Active groupsmol.% active groupsAdhesion N/mm
IE1 10 wt.% Polymer G HEMA/VTMS 0.8/1.7 0.26/0.33 7.2
  85 wt.% Polymer B        
  5 wt.% CM-A        
IE2 15 wt.%Polymer G HEMA/VTMS 1.2/1.6 0.39/0.31 9
  80 wt.% Polymer B        
  5 wt.% CM-A        
IE3 Polymer D MA/VTMS 22.5/1.4 8.7/0.32 >10
CE1 Polymer A VTMS 1.2 0.23 0,1
CE2 Polymer C BA/VTMS 4/1.2 0.9/0.24 0,4
CE3 5 wt.% Polymer G HEMA/VTMS 7.6/1.8 0.13/0.35 0,4
  90 wt.% Polymer B        
  5 wt.% CM-A        


[0068] The results of adhesion tests for ethylene copolymer(s) (B), which may be used to form layer (1) of the cable of the invention, to polyurethane resin Protolin 2000 are shown in Table 3 below.
Table 3: Adhesion of polyethylene copolymers to cable jointing cast resin Protolin 2000
ExampleEthylene copolymerComonomer type(s)w-% Active groupsMole-% active groupsAdhesion N/mm
IE4 EVAL G156B VOH 48 36 >10
IE5 EVAL F101A VOH 32 23 >10
IE6 Polymer G HEMA 8 2.6 >10
IE7 Polymer F MA 20 7.4 1.9
IE8 Polymer E BA 17 4.2 1.0
CE4 Escorene UL00109 VA 9 3.0 <0.1
CE5 Escorene UL00119 VA 19 7.1 <0.1
CE6 Levapren 400 VA 40 18.0 <0.1
CE7 Nucrel 0903 HC MAA 9 3.0 <0.1
CE8 Nucrel 1202 MAA 12 4.3 <0.1
CE9 Escor 6060 AA 8.5 3.5 <0.1
CE10 Surlyn 9320 Zn-ionomer n.a. unknown <0.1
CE11 Surlyn 8320 Na-ionomer unknown unknown <0.1


[0069] The results presented in tables 2 and 3 show that vinyl trimethoxy silane, vinyl acetate, meth acrylic acid, acrylic acid and ionomer functionalities give no improvement in adhesion towards PUR cast resins (CE 4-11). On the other hand, acrylate (IE3, 7 and 8) and hydroxyl functional copolymers have a great positive effect (IE 4 and 5) and can give adhesion forces by far exceeding 1 N/mm i.e. fulfilling the adhesion requirement of HD603S1. This is also true for copolymers having hydroxy and acrylate functionalities in the same co-monomers (IE1, 2 and 6). It has also been shown that adhesion strength can be reached by using an acrylate or hydroxyl functional polymer as blend into a polyolefin like Polymer A which by itself showing hardly no adhesion towards PUR (IE1).


Claims

1. A polyethylene composition comprising

(A) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydrolysable silane-groups, and

(B) one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of

(B1) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups,

(B2) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with (meth-)acrylate groups, and

(B3) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups.


 
2. Polyethylene composition according to claim 1 wherein component (B) is present in an amount of 2 wt.% or more and 35 wt.% or less in the total polyethylene composition.
 
3. Polyethylene composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein component (B3) is present in the composition and is an ethylene co-polymer containing (meth-)acrylic acid ester wherein the alcohol component of the ester contains a hydroxyl group.
 
4. Polyethylene composition according to claim 3 wherein component (B3) is an ethylene co-polymer containing hydroxyalkyl (meth-)acrylate monomer units.
 
5. Polyethylene composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein component (B3) is present in the composition and the monomer units having both hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups are present in the ethylene co-polymer in an amount of 1.0 mol.% or more and 10 mol.% or less.
 
6. Polyethylene composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein component (B3) is present in the composition in an amount so that the monomer units having both hydroxyl groups and (alkyl-)acrylate groups are present in the composition in an amount of 0.14 mol.% or more and 7 mol.% or less.
 
7. Polyethylene composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein component (B1) is present in the composition and is an ethylene vinyl alcohol co-polymer.
 
8. Polyethylene composition according to claim 7, wherein the vinyl alcohol comonomer units are present in the ethylene vinyl alcohol co-polymer in an amount of 10 mol.% or more and 50 mol.% or less.
 
9. Polyethylene composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein component (B2) is present in the composition and is an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units having methyl-, ethyl-, propyl- or butyl-acrylate groups.
 
10. Polyethylene composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein component (B2) is present in the composition and the monomer units having (meth-)acrylate groups are present in the ethylene co-polymer in an amount of 2.5 mol.% or more and 15 mol.% or less.
 
11. Polyethylene composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein component (B2) is present in the composition in an amount so that the monomer units having (meth-)acrylate groups are present in the composition in an amount of 1.0 mol% or more and 14 mol.% or less.
 
12. Polyethylene composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein component (B2) has been produced in a tubular reactor.
 
13. Cable comprising a layer (1) which comprises one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of

(B1) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups,

(B2) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with (meth-)acrylate groups, and

(B3) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups.


 
14. Cable according to claim 15 wherein layer (1) comprises a polyethylene composition according to any one of claims 1 to 13.
 
15. Use of one or more ethylene co-polymers selected from the group of

(B1) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups,

(B2) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with (meth-)acrylate groups, and

(B3) an ethylene co-polymer containing monomer units with hydroxyl groups and (meth-)acrylate groups,

for improving the adhesion between a layer of a cable comprising the ethylene co-polymer(s) and a polyurethane resin.
 





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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description