(19)
(11)EP 3 733 851 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 18895549.6

(22)Date of filing:  20.12.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C12N 15/113(2010.01)
C12N 15/66(2006.01)
C12R 1/19(2006.01)
C12N 15/70(2006.01)
C12N 1/21(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/122312
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/128837 (04.07.2019 Gazette  2019/27)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 30.12.2017 CN 201711490305

(71)Applicant: GENEWIZ INC., SZ
Industrial Park Suzhou Jiangsu 215123 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • XUE, Gaoxu
    Jiangsu 215123 (CN)
  • JIA, Yankai
    Jiangsu 215123 (CN)
  • QI, Tianming
    Jiangsu 215123 (CN)
  • FENG, Aihua
    Jiangsu 215123 (CN)
  • XIE, Zhengli
    Jiangsu 215123 (CN)
  • WU, Xin
    Jiangsu 215123 (CN)
  • SUN, Zhongping
    Jiangsu 215123 (CN)
  • LIAO, Guojuan
    Jiangsu 215123 (CN)

(74)Representative: Mewburn Ellis LLP 
Aurora Building Counterslip
Bristol BS1 6BX
Bristol BS1 6BX (GB)

  


(54)IMPROVED PROMOTER AND CARRIER COMPOSED OF SAME AND APPLICATION THEREOF


(57) An improved promoter and a use thereof. An improvement is to mutate a nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in a promoter region into recognition sites for an endonuclease. The improvement can overcome the problem that a strong promoter in a vector based on blue-white screening initiates the transcription or translation of foreign genes and a transcription or translation product might be toxic to a host and cannot be cloned, avoid the deficiency that frameshift mutation of a gene due to a lack of 1-2 bp of the vector at digestion sites results in false positive clones, and eliminate a false negative phenomenon that a plate is rich in blue spots due to a small fragment of foreign DNA and a reading frame of the gene which is unchanged by inserting the foreign DNA.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present application belongs to the field of genetic engineering, and relates to an improved promoter, a vector composed of the same and a use thereof, in particular, to an improved promoter, a vector with the improved promoter, a host cell with a T vector and uses thereof.

BACKGROUND



[0002] A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology is a major breakthrough in the fields of molecular biology and genetic engineering. After the PCR technology was developed, a technology for cloning PCR products into vectors (generally plasmids) has also been developed. Commonly-used and relatively simple cloning methods include TA cloning and blunt-end ligations. The PCR product amplified by thermus aquaticus (Taq) enzymes contains a dAMP tail which can be ligated to a vector containing a T-terminus (T vector) under the action of T4 ligases, and this is the TA cloning. High-fidelity DNA polymerases generally contain 3'-5' exonuclease activity, and the PCR products amplified by the high-fidelity DNA polymerases are blunt ends. These fragments are ligated to blunt-end vectors under the action of T4 ligases, which are the blunt-end ligations. These two methods have a common feature that the PCR products do not need to be treated in advance with special enzymes but are directly ligated to the vectors, which is simple and easily operated.

[0003] At present, commercially available T vectors and vectors that can be used for blunt-end cloning are generally based on the principle of blue-white screening. The blue-white screening is the most commonly used screening scheme to separate empty vectors from vectors with inserts. In this method, a reporter gene LacZa is used as a marker gene for the blue-white screening. However, vectors based on the principle of blue-white screening have the following problems during cloning: (1) due to the use of a strong promoter, the transcription and translation of foreign genes can be initiated in large quantities, which causes transcription or translation products of some foreign genes with complex structures to be toxic to hosts and cannot be cloned; (2) due to residual exonuclease activity of restriction enzymes when vectors are digested, repeated freezing and thawing of the digested vectors, long-term storage of digested linearized vectors and other factors, the prepared vectors lack 1-2 bases at digestion sites, leading to frameshift mutation of a LacZa gene, so that a clone without a foreign gene becomes white due to the frameshift mutation of the LacZa gene, resulting in a large number of false positive clones; (3) when a small foreign DNA fragment is cloned and a reading frame of the lacZα gene is not changed by inserting the foreign DNA, a false negative phenomenon that a plate is rich in blue spots will be caused; (4) when a foreign DNA fragment larger than 2 kb is cloned with a blunt-end vector, a few white spots and many blue spots are present, and the few white spots might grow together with the blue spots, so that white single clones are few, and it is difficult to select a sufficient number of positive clones. In addition, the blue-white screening further requires expensive and toxic chemical substances such as X-gal and IPTG

[0004] The use of the ccdB lethal gene for constructing a zero background vector in order to clone blunt-end PCR Products. Hu L-L, Zhang S-S, Li X-X, Wang B-L. Molecular Biology. 2010;44(1):161-4. and Lethal ccdB gene-based zero-background vector for construction of shotgun libraries. Miyazaki K.Journal of bioscience and bioengineering. 2010 Sep;110(3):372-3. have disclosed a use of the lethal ccdB gene for constructing a vector that does not require the blue-white screening, which has significant results and is easy and convenient for screening.

[0005] CN105400809A has disclosed a cloning vector and preparation and a use thereof, which disclosed a cloning vector pUC57-ccdB, which is a modified vector inserted with a ccdB gene at a multiple cloning site of a pUC57 vector. The ccdB gene contains blunt-end restriction enzyme recognition sites. With the lethal effect of ccdB proteins on Escherichia coli without an F plasmid, the ccdB (containing restriction enzyme Sma I sites) gene was inserted into the pUC57 plasmid by molecular biology techniques to obtain the vector pUC57-ccdB. Blunt ends are generated through Sma I digestion and ligated to genes to be cloned, so as to insert the genes to be cloned and avoid colonies containing empty vectors. However, the above technical solution still has some problems: (1) due to the use of the strong promoter, the transcription and translation of foreign genes can be initiated in large quantities, which causes transcription or translation products of some foreign genes with complex structures to be toxic to hosts and cannot be cloned; (2) due to repeated freezing and thawing and other factors, the T vector lacks 1-2 bases at the end, leading to frameshift mutation of the lethal ccdB gene, so that a clone without a foreign gene "survives" due to the frameshift mutation of the lethal ccdB gene, resulting in a large number of false positive clones; (3) when a small foreign DNA fragment is cloned and a reading frame of the lethal ccdB gene is not changed by inserting the foreign DNA, a false negative phenomenon that a plate includes no colonies will be caused.

[0006] Any DNA sequence that can be independently bound to a transcription factor and initiate transcription may be referred to as a promoter. A region recognizable by a σ factor in the promoter has very conserved sequence characteristics. Two sequences (referred to as -10 region and -35 region) about 10 nt and 35 nt upstream of a transcription starting site (+1) have a decisive effect on the recognition of the σ factor, so these two sequences are referred to as narrow promoters or core promoters. Other than the core promoters, sequences upstream of -35 region might also have an effect on transcription strength. These sequences are referred to as UP elements.

[0007] It is a key difficulty to modify the promoter to improve screening efficiency and avoid false positives and false negatives during screening.

SUMMARY



[0008] Therefore, the present application provides an improved promoter, a vector composed of the same and a use thereof, so as to solve the problems that a prepared T vector fails in cloning, or a large number of false positive or negative clones are produced in the existing art.

[0009] To achieve the object, the present application adopts technical solutions described below.

[0010] In a first aspect, the present application provides an improved promoter. The improved promoter is obtained by mutating a nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in a promoter region into recognition sites for an endonuclease.

[0011] In the present application, a change in the number of nucleic acids between -35 region and -10 region in a prokaryote will affect a level of gene transcription activity. The nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in the promoter region is mutated to be recognized by the endonuclease. During cloning, a vector is prepared as a linearized vector, and then a foreign gene is ligated to the linearized vector, so that an expression-regulating gene of the promoter has decreased activity and a reduced expression amount, and then functions.

[0012] In the present application, a mutation between -35 region and -10 region can avoid false positives and false negatives, avoid the deficiency that frameshift mutation of a gene due to a lack of 1-2 bp of the vector at digestion sites results in false positive clones, and eliminate a false negative phenomenon that a plate is rich in blue spots due to a small fragment of foreign DNA and a reading frame of the gene which is unchanged by inserting the foreign DNA.

[0013] The recognition sites for the endonuclease refer to sites recognizable by any endonuclease, and the endonuclease is not limited and is selected mainly based on the convenience of experimental operations of those skilled in the art, as long as a successful mutation can be achieved by mutating one or several bases.

[0014] According to the present application, the improved promoter is obtained by mutating a nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in a promoter region of a β-galactosidase into the recognition sites for the endonuclease.

[0015] In the present application, for a promoter of the β-galactosidase, the nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in a strong promoter region is mutated into the recognition sites for the endonuclease that can be recognized, but it is cleaved into the linearized vector and inserted with a foreign fragment, so that a strong promoter of the β-galactosidase has significantly decreased activity due to the insertion of a foreign DNA fragment, and an expression amount of the gene is significantly reduced, thereby overcoming the problem that a strong promoter in a vector based on blue-white screening initiates the transcription or translation of foreign genes and a transcription or translation product might be toxic to a host and cannot be cloned, avoiding the deficiency that frameshift mutation of the gene due to a lack of 1-2 bp of the vector at digestion sites results in false positive clones, and eliminating a false negative phenomenon of a plate due to a small fragment of foreign DNA and a reading frame of the gene which is unchanged by inserting the foreign DNA.

[0016] According to the present application, the nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in the promoter region of the β-galactosidase is shown by SEQ ID NO.1-2, where nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO.1-2 are as follows:

SEQ ID NO.1: 5'-TTTACACTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCGTATGTT-3';

SEQ ID NO.2: 5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3'.



[0017] In the present application, an RNA polymerase II is generally bound at sites from -35 region to -10 region which are very important. An RNA polymerase can be in contact with a base in -35 and -10 sequences and a phosphate group in a primary DNA strand. A promoter farther from a common sequence has lower activity. The applicant has found that the foreign gene can be inserted by mutating a sequence from -35 region to -10 region, especially the sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2, so as to significantly reduce an expression amount of a lacZα gene. According to the present application, the endonuclease may be selected by those skilled in the art as required, and different recognition sites for the endonuclease may be selected according to different sequences to be mutated in the promoter region. In the present application, the endonuclease is selected from, but is not limited to, any one or a combination of at least two of EcoRV, AleI, BamHI, XhoI and PmlI.

[0018] According to the present application, a nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region of the improved promoter is shown by SEQ ID NO. 3-10, where nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO.3-10 are as follows:

SEQ ID NO.3: 5'-GATATCGCTTCCGGCTCG-3';

SEQ ID NO.4: 5'-CTTGATATCTCCGGCTCG-3';

SEQ ID NO.5: 5'- CTTTATGATATCGGCTCG-3';

SEQ ID NO.6: 5'- CTTTATGCTGATATCTCG-3';

SEQ ID NO.7: 5'-CACGTGGCTTCCGGCTCG-3';

SEQ ID NO.8: 5'-CTTCACGTGTCCGGCTCG-3';

SEQ ID NO.9: 5'-CTTTATCACGTGGGCTCG-3';

SEQ ID NO.10: 5'-CTTTATGCTCACGTGTCG-3'.



[0019] In a second aspect, the present application provides a cloning vector including the improved promoter described in the first aspect.

[0020] According to the present application, a lacZα gene on the vector is replaced with a gene toxic to a host, where the gene toxic to the host is a gene whose transcription or translation product is capable of causing the host to fail to grow or proliferate.

[0021] According to the present application, the gene toxic to the host is a lethal gene and/or a restriction enzyme gene.

[0022] According to the present application, the lethal gene is a ccdB gene, where a nucleic acid sequence of the ccdB gene is shown by SEQ ID NO.11.

[0023] In the present application, those skilled in the art may select the vector according to requirements. The selection of the vector will not affect a function of the promoter. The cloning vector is used for cloning a protein of interest. The cloning vector may be, for example, a high-copy cloning vector pUC18, pUC19 and pUC57, a low-copy cloning vector pCA, pCK and pCC or a single-copy cloning vector pCC1, each of which may carry the promoter of the present application, so as to carry out subsequent experiments without affecting the vector itself. The vector carrying the promoter of the present application is still a high-copy cloning vector, a low-copy cloning vector or a single-copy cloning vector.

[0024] According to the present application, the vector further includes a foreign gene operably ligated to the vector.

[0025] Optionally, the foreign gene is a lacI expression element, where a nucleic acid sequence of the lacI expression element is shown by SEQ ID NO.12.

[0026] In a third aspect, the present application provides a T vector. The T vector is obtained by linearizing the vector described in the second aspect and adding one dideoxythymidine nucleotide to a 3' end of the linearized vector.

[0027] In a fourth aspect, the present application provides a recombinant vector obtained by inserting a foreign gene into the T vector described in the third aspect.

[0028] According to the present application, the foreign gene is operably ligated between recognition sites for an endonuclease of an improved promoter.

[0029] In a fifth aspect, the present application provides a method for preparing the T vector described in the third aspect. The method includes steps described below.
  1. (1) A lacZα gene on a vector is replaced with a gene toxic to a host.
  2. (2) A primer is designed according to recognition sites for an endonuclease to be mutated into, and an original promoter and an expression-regulating gene of the original promoter are used as a template for PCR amplification, to obtain a product with an improved promoter.
  3. (3) The product in step (2) is cyclized by a Gibson recombination method to obtain a vector with the promoter.
  4. (4) The vector in step (3) is linearized, and one dideoxythymidine nucleotide is added to a 3' end of the linearized vector, to obtain the T vector.


[0030] According to the present application, a nucleic acid sequence of the primer in step (2) is shown by SEQ ID NO. 13-28.

[0031] In the present application, in a plasmid constructed by performing PCR amplification on pUC57-lacZ or pCK-lacZ with a primer pair of nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO.13-14, a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2 is mutated into a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.3.

[0032] In a plasmid constructed by performing PCR amplification on pUC57-lacZ or pCK-lacZ with a primer pair of nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO. 15-16, the nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2 is mutated into a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.4.

[0033] In a plasmid constructed by performing PCR amplification on pUC57-lacZ or pCK-lacZ with a primer pair of nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO. 17-18, the nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2 is mutated into a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.5.

[0034] In a plasmid constructed by performing PCR amplification on pUC57-lacZ or pCK-lacZ with a primer pair of nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO.19-20, the nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2 is mutated into a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.6.

[0035] In a plasmid constructed by performing PCR amplification on pCC1-lacZ with a primer pair of nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO.21-22, the nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2 is mutated into a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.7.

[0036] In a plasmid constructed by performing PCR amplification on pCC1-lacZ with a primer pair of nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO.23-24, the nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2 is mutated into a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.8.

[0037] In a plasmid constructed by performing PCR amplification on pCC1-lacZ with a primer pair of nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO.25-26, the nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2 is mutated into a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.9.

[0038] In a plasmid constructed by performing PCR amplification on pCC1-lacZ with a primer pair of nucleic acid sequences shown by SEQ ID NO.27-28, the nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.2 is mutated into a nucleic acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO.10.

[0039] According to the present application, the linearizing in step (4) is performed through endonuclease digestion and/or the PCR amplification.

[0040] According to the present application, the adding one dideoxythymidine nucleotide in step (4) is performed with a terminal transferase and/or a Taq DNA polymerase.

[0041] According to the present application, before step (1), the method further includes performing codon optimization on the gene toxic to the host.

[0042] According to the present application, after step (1), the method further includes inserting a foreign gene into the vector.

[0043] In a sixth aspect, the present application provides a host cell, including the cloning vector described in the second aspect and/or the recombinant vector described in the fourth aspect.

[0044] According to the present application, the host cell is wild Escherichia coli.

[0045] In a seventh aspect, the present application provides a gene cloning method. The method includes steps described below.

[0046] 1 A base is added to a 3' end of a foreign gene, the foreign gene added with the A base is ligated to the T vector described in the third aspect to be introduced into a host cell, and the host cell is cultivated under appropriate conditions, to obtain a positive clone.

[0047] According to the present application, the host cell is wild Escherichia coli.

[0048] In an eighth aspect, the present application provides a kit, including any one or a combination of at least two of the improved promoter described in the first aspect, the cloning vector described in the second aspect, the T vector described in the third aspect, the recombinant vector described in the fourth aspect and the host cell described in the fifth aspect.

[0049] According to the present application, the kit is used for gene cloning.

[0050] Compared with the existing art, the present application has beneficial effects described below.
  1. (1) In the present application, a lacZα gene of a backbone vector is replaced with the gene toxic to the host, and digestion sites are provided between -10 region and -35 region in a strong promoter region of the β-galactosidase that initiates an expression of the lacZα gene; during cloning, a vector is digested with an appropriate endonuclease or the linearized vector is prepared by a PCR method, and then the foreign gene is ligated to the linearized vector, so that the insertion of a foreign DNA fragment between -10 region and -35 regions of the promoter of the β-galactosidase results in extremely low activity of the promoter of the β-galactosidase even when induced by IPTG and an extremely small expression amount of the gene toxic to the host. In this way, a host of the recombinant vector containing the foreign DNA fragment can grow normally. However, an empty vector that is self-ligated due to the non-ligation of the foreign DNA fragment, an original vector left after digestion or a template vector used for the PCR amplification, due to strong activity of its strong promoter, can initiate the expression in large quantities of the gene toxic to the host, so that a host carrying the original vector containing no foreign DNA fragment cannot grow. It is very simple to select positive clones and very convenient for blunt-end cloning of a large foreign DNA fragment.
  2. (2) The vector of the present application can not only overcome the problem that a strong promoter of a screening gene in the vector initiates the transcription or translation of foreign genes and the transcription or translation product might be toxic to the host and cannot be cloned, but also avoid false positive clones due to the frameshift mutation of the screening gene and the false negative phenomenon caused when the small fragment of foreign DNA is cloned and the reading frame of the screening gene is not changed by inserting the foreign DNA.
  3. (3) The vector of the present application may further include the lacI expression element. When the vector transforms Escherichia coli competent cells in the absence of IPTG, the activity of the promoter of the β-galactosidase is inhibited to a large degree due to the constitutive expression of lacI of the vector, and an expression amount of a screening marker gene toxic to a host regulated by the promoter is extremely low, so that the Escherichia coli containing the vector can grow normally. Therefore, it is extremely easy to prepare the vector.
  4. (4) A method for constructing the vector of the present application is simple and easy to operate, has high efficiency, and can construct the cloning vector in a short time.
  5. (5) A use of the vector of the present application in the field of gene cloning: the T vector eliminates the transcription of the foreign gene initiated by the strong promoter, so that the large foreign DNA fragment is easy to be cloned.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0051] 

FIG. 1 is an electrophoresis diagram of colony PCR identification in Example 1 of the present application, where a size of a DNA marker is 0.1 kb, 0.25 kb, 0.5 kb, 0.75 kb, 1 kb, 1.5 kb, 2 kb, 3 kb and 5 kb;

FIG. 2 is an electrophoresis diagram of colony PCR identification in Example 3 of the present application, where a size of a DNA marker is 0.1 kb, 0.25 kb, 0.5 kb, 0.75 kb, 1 kb, 1.5 kb, 2 kb, 3 kb and 5 kb; and

FIG. 3 is an electrophoresis diagram of colony PCR identification in Example 4 of the present application, where a size of a DNA marker is 0.1 kb, 0.25 kb, 0.5 kb, 0.75 kb, 1 kb, 1.5 kb, 2 kb, 3 kb and 5 kb.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0052] To further elaborate on the technical means adopted and the effects achieved in the present application, the technical solutions of the present application are further described below through specific embodiments, but the present application is not limited to the scope of the embodiments.

[0053] The present application adopts conventional techniques and methods in the fields of genetic engineering and molecular biology, and general reference literature provides definitions and methods known to those skilled in the art. However, those skilled in the art may adopt other conventional methods, experimental schemes and reagents in the art on the basis of the technical solutions described in the present application without being limited by specific examples of the present application.

[0054] Experiments without specific techniques or conditions noted in the examples are conducted according to techniques or conditions described in the literature in the art or a product specification. The reagents or instruments used without manufacturers are conventional products commercially available through proper channels.

Explanation of terms:



[0055] LacZ gene: a gene widely used in gene expression regulation researches. An encoded β-galactosidase (β-gal) is a tetramer composed of 4 subunits and can catalyze a hydrolysis of lactose. The β-gal is relatively stable, appears blue when stained with X-Gal as a substrate, and is easy to detect and observe. Many advantages of the LacZ gene make it a commonly-used marker gene in genetic engineering experiments such as screening of transformed strains and β-galactosidase color test method, that is, blue-white screening.

[0056] LacZa gene: an N-terminal α-fragment for encoding the β-galactosidase (lacZ). The β-galactosidase with enzymatic activity may be formed through α-complementation and cleave a colorless compound, X-gal(5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indole-P-D-galactoside), into galactose and a dark blue substance, 5-bromo-4-indigo.

[0057] Endonuclease: an enzyme that can hydrolyze a phosphodiester bond inside a molecular chain to generate oligonucleotides among nucleic acid hydrolases.

[0058] PCR technology: a polymerase chain reaction, in which DNA is denatured in vitro at a high temperature of 95°C to be single-stranded, a primer combines with a single strand at a low temperature (generally about 60°C) based on a principle of complementary base pairing, the temperature is adjusted to an optimal reaction temperature of a DNA polymerase (about 72 °C) at which the DNA polymerase synthesizes a complementary strand along a direction from phosphate to five-carbon sugar (5'-3'). A PCR instrument based on polymerases is in fact a temperature control device and can control the temperature well between a denaturation temperature, a renaturation temperature and an extension temperature.

Materials:



[0059] 
Kanamycin-resistant pUC57 plasmid Genewiz Inc. Suzhou
pCK plasmid Genewiz Inc. Suzhou
Chloramphenicol-resistant pCC1™ plasmid EPICENTRE
Top10F' competent cell Invitrogen
Restriction enzymes: EcoRV, AleI NEB
T4 DNA ligase NEB
lambdaDNA NEB
Gibson Assembly® Master Mix kit NEB
Primer synthesis Genewiz Inc. Suzhou

Example 1 Construction and function verification of a high-copy cloning vector



[0060] This example provides a method for constructing the high-copy cloning vector, which includes specific steps described below.
(I) The lacZα gene of pUC57 (kanamycin resistance) was replaced with a ccdB gene, specifically including steps described below.
(1) The ccdB gene was synthesized (by Genewiz Inc. Suzhou) through a full gene synthesis, and its nucleotide sequence is shown by SEQ ID NO.11:


(2) The kanamycin-resistant pUC57 plasmid was used as a template and SEQ ID NO.29-30 were used as primers for PCR amplification. Specific sequences are as follows:

SEQ ID NO.29 (forward primer): TTATAGGTGTAAACCTTAAACTGCATAGCTGTTTCCTGTGTGAAATTGTTATCC;

SEQ ID NO.30 (reverse primer): ATTAACCTGATGTTCTGGGGAATATAATTAAGCCAGCCCCGACACCCGCCAACAC.

A PCR system is shown in Table 1.
Table 1
TemplateAbout 50 ng, 0.5 µL
Forward primer 10 pM, 0.5 µL
Reverse primer 10 pM, 0.5 µL
dNTP 5 mM each, 0.5 µL
5×PCR buffer 10 µL
pfu DNA polymerase 5 U/µL, 0.5 µL
H2O 37.5 µL

One group uses water as a sample for negative control.
Reaction conditions are listed in Table 2.
Table 2
Amplification program Reaction Program Number of Cycles
95 °C 4 min 1
94 °C 30s 25
58 °C 30s
72 °C 2 min
72 °C 5 min 1
4 °C 1

(3) A PCR solution obtained in step (2) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product.
(4) The Gibson Assembly® Master Mix kit was used for ligating a PCR purified product obtained in step (3) and the ccdB gene. A ligation system is shown in Table 3.
Table 3
PCR amplification product About 200 ng, 5 µL
ccdB gene About 120 ng, 5 µL
Gibson Assembly® Master Mix 10 µL
Sterilized and deionized H2O 0 µL

A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 50 °C.
(5) A ligation product obtained in step (4) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with a kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. A single clone was picked and subjected to Sanger sequencing on the next day, and a plasmid with a correct sequence was reserved and named pUC57-ccdB.
(II) An expressible lacI element was inserted into the pUC57-ccdB plasmid, specifically including steps described below.
(1) The pUC57-ccdB plasmid successfully constructed in step (I) was used as a template, and primers F-vector-Insert and R-vector-Insert (SEQ ID NO.31-32) were used as primers for the PCR amplification.

SEQ ID NO.31 (forward primer): CAGCTGCATTAATGAATCGGCCAACGCGC;

SEQ ID NO.32 (reverse primer): GCACGACAGGTTTCCCGACTGGAAAGCGG

A PCR system is shown in Table 1, and reaction conditions are listed in Table 2.
(2) A PCR solution obtained in step (1) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product.
(3) A lacI expression element was synthesized (by Genewiz Inc. Suzhou) through a gene synthesis, and its nucleotide sequence is shown by SEQ ID NO.12:


(4) The Gibson Assembly® Master Mix (NEB) kit was used for ligating a PCR purified product obtained in step (2) and the lacI expression element obtained through the gene synthesis in step (3). A ligation system is shown in Table 4.
Table 4
PCR amplification product About 270 ng, 5 µL
lacI expression element About 150 ng, 5 µL
Gibson Assembly® Master Mix 10 µL
Sterilized and deionized H2O 0 µL

A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 50 °C.
(5) A ligation product obtained in step (4) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. A single clone was picked and subjected to Sanger sequencing on the next day, and a plasmid with a correct sequence was reserved and named pUC57-ccdB-lacI.
(III) A sequence, 5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3', between -35 region and -10 region in a promoter region of the β-galactosidase of the pUC57-ccdB-lacI plasmid was mutated into a sequence that can be digested by the endonuclease to form blunt ends, which specifically includes steps described below.
(1) The pUC57-ccdB-lacI plasmid successfully constructed in step (II) was used as a template, and primers F1-EcoRV, R1-EcoRV, F2-EcoRV, R2-EcoRV, F3-EcoRV, R3-EcoRV, F4-EcoRV and R4-EcoRV (SEQ ID NO.13-SEQ ID NO.20) were used as primers for the PCR amplification. Specific sequences are listed in Table 5.
Table 5
No.Sequence
SEQ ID NO.13 (F1-EcoRV) CCGGAAGCGATATCTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGCCTAATGAGTG
SEQ ID NO.14 (R1-EcoRV)

 
 

 
SEQ ID NO.15 (F2-EcoRV) GAGCCGGAGATATCAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGCCTAATGAG
SEQ ID NO.16 (R2-EcoRV)

 
SEQ ID NO.17 (F3-EcoRV) TACGAGCCGATATCATAAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGCCTAAT
SEQ ID NO.18 (R3-EcoRV)

 
SEQ ID NO.19 (F4-EcoRV) ACATACGAGATATCAGCATAAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGCCT
SEQ ID NO.20 (R4-EcoRV)

 

A specific PCR system is shown in Table 1, and reaction conditions are listed in Table 2.
(2) A PCR solution obtained in step (1) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product. The Gibson Assembly® Master Mix kit was used for a ligation reaction. A ligation system is shown in Table 6.
Table 6
PCR amplification product About 300 ng, 10 µL
Gibson Assembly® Master Mix 10 µL
Sterilized and deionized H2O 0 µL

A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 50 °C.
(3) Each ligation product obtained in step (2) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. A single clone was picked and subjected to Sanger sequencing on the next day, and a plasmid with a correct sequence was reserved and separately named pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-1 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-GATATCGCTTCCGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F1-EcoRV+R1-EcoRV), pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-2 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTGATATCTCCGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F2-EcoRV+R2-EcoRV), pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-3 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTTATGATATCGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F3-EcoRV+R3-EcoRV), and pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTTATGCTGATATCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F4-EcoRV+R4-EcoRV).
(IV) Vector cloning experiments
(1) The correct plasmids pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-1, pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-2, pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-3 and pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4 constructed in step (III) were digested with a restriction enzyme EcoRV. Digestion products were subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified.
(2) Two strands of primers of 24 bp and 48 bp were synthesized and annealed to form double-stranded DNA. Nucleotide sequences of the reversely complementary primers of 24 bp and 48 bp are shown by SEQ ID NO.33-SEQ ID NO.36, specifically:

SEQ ID NO.33: TTCATACAGCAGGCTATGTTTAGG;

SEQ ID NO.34: CCTAAACATAGCCTGCTGTATGAA;

SEQ ID NO.35: TAAGCCGATACTGTATTTTTTATCCATAGCTGTTTCCTGTGTGAAATT;

SEQ ID NO.36: AATTTCACACAGGAAACAGCTATGGATAAAAAATACAGTATCGGCTTA.


(3) λ DNA was used as a template, and F-λDNA-200bp+R-/λDNA-200bp were used as primers for the PCR amplification. Nucleotide sequences of the primers F-/λDNA-200bp and R-λDNA-200bp are shown by SEQ ID NO.37-SEQ ID NO.38, specifically:

SEQ ID NO.37 (F-λDNA-200bp): GTTGAATGGGCGGATGCTAATTACTATCTCCCG;

SEQ ID NO.38 (R-λDNA-200bp): TTATGCTCTATAAAGTAGGCATAAACACCCAGC.


A PCR system is shown in Table 1, and a PCR amplification program is shown in Table 7.
Table 7
Amplification program Reaction Program Number of Cycles
95 °C 4 min 1
94 °C 30s 25
58 °C 30s
72 °C 15s
72 °C 3 min 1
4 °C 1

(4) A PCR solution obtained in step (3) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product.
(5) Fragments of 24 bp and 48 bp formed after annealing in step (2) and a PCR product purified in step (4) were ligated to the prepared vectors in step (1), pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-1, pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-2, pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-3 and pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4, separately. A ligation system is shown in Table 8.
Table 8
Foreign DNA About 90 ng, 3 µL
Digested vector About 30 ng, 1 µL
10× buffer 1 µL
T4 DNA ligase 1 µL
Sterilized and deionized H2O 4 µL

A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 22 °C.
(6) Each ligation product obtained in step (5) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. 12 single clones were picked on each plate of the cloned DNA fragment of about 200 bp for colony PCR identification on the next day. The PCR system is shown in Table 9.
Table 9 PCR system
Bacterium solution template 3 µL
F-λDNA-200bp 10 pM, 0.5,µL
R-λDNA-200bp 10 pM, 0.5 µL
dNTP 5 mM each, 0.5 µL
10× Taq buffer 5 µL
Taq DNA polymerase 5 U/µL, 0.5 µL
H2O 40 µL


[0061] A PCR amplification program is shown in Table 10.
Table 10
Amplification program Reaction Program Number of Cycles
95 °C 6 min 1
94 °C 30s 25
58 °C 30s
72 °C 15s
72 °C 3 min 1
4 °C 1


[0062] A PCR identification result is shown in FIG. 1. The result in FIG. 1 shows that all colonies are positive clones. 12 single clones separately selected from the plates of the cloned foreign DNA fragments of 24 bp and 48 bp and single clones that were positive after colony identification were subjected to Sanger sequencing. Sequencing results show that all clones have correct sequences. Experimental results show that the vector of the present application may be used for cloning foreign DNA of 24 bp or more.

Example 2 Experimental verification of the cloning vector of the present application to overcome false positive clones



[0063] Three mutant plasmids of pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4 (pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4A, pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4B and pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4C) were constructed to simulate the self-ligation of the pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4 plasmid due to a lack of 1-2 bases at two ends of a digestion site after it is digested with EcoRV. Construction steps are described below.
  1. (1) The plasmid pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4 constructed in Example 1 was used as a template, and F1-del+R1-del, F2-del+R2-del and F3-del+R3-del were used as primers for PCR amplification. Nucleotide sequences of the primers F1-del, R1-del, F2-del, R2-del, F3-del and R3-del are shown by SEQ ID NO.39-SEQ ID NO.44, specifically:

    SEQ ID NO.39 (F1-del): ACAACATACGAGATTCAGCATAAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGC;

    SEQ ID NO.40 (R1-del): CTTTATGCTGAATCTCGTATGTTGTGTGGAATTGTGAGC;

    SEQ ID NO.41 (F2-del): CACAACATACGAGAATCAGCATAAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTG;

    SEQ ID NO.42 (R2-del): CACTTTATGCTGATTCTCGTATGTTGTGTGGAATTGTGAGCG;

    SEQ ID NO.43 (F3-del): ACACAACATACGAGATCAGCATAAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTG;

    SEQ ID NO.44 (R3-del): ACACTTTATGCTGATCTCGTATGTTGTGTGGAATTGTGAGCGG


    A PCR system is shown in Table 1 in Example 1, and a PCR amplification program is shown in Table 2 in Example 1.
  2. (2) A PCR solution obtained in step (1) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product. The Gibson Assembly® Master Mix (NEB) kit was used for a ligation reaction. A ligation system is shown in Table 6 in Example 1. A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 50 °C.
  3. (3) Each ligation product obtained in step (2) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. 5 single clones were picked from each plate and subjected to Sanger sequencing on the next day, and plasmids with correct sequences were reserved. The three mutant plasmid of pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4 are named pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4A, pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4B and pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4C, separately. An EcoRV site of pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4A was mutated into GAATC, that is, the sequence was mutated from 5'-CTTTATGCTGATATCTCG-3' to 5'-CTTTATGCTGAATCTCG-3'. An EcoRV site of pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4B was mutated into GATTC, that is, the sequence was mutated from 5'-CTTTATGCTGATATCTCG -3' to 5'-CTTTATGCTGATTCTCG-3'. An EcoRV site of pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4C was mutated into GATC, that is, the sequence was mutated from 5'-CTTTATGCTGATATCTCG' to 5'-CTTTATGCTGATCTCG-3' .
  4. (4) Correct plasmids pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4A, pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4B and pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4C in step (3) each were transformed into Top10F' competent cells, and finally the recovered bacterium solutions each were equally divided into two parts which were coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate containing IPTG and the kanamycin-resistant LB plate containing no IPTG and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. It was found on the next day that no colonies are formed on the plate containing IPTG, and colonies on the plate containing no IPTG are all normal in morphology and number.


[0064] Experimental results show that β-galactosidase promoters of the three mutant plasmids of pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4 (pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4A, pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4B and pUC57-ccdB-lacI-Mu-4C), when induced by IPTG, still have strong activity and can express ccdB in large quantities, so that colonies cannot grow, that is, the vector of the present application, when induced by IPTG, will not generate false positive clones in the case of the self-ligation for the lack of 1-2 bases at two ends of the site.

Example 3 Construction and function verification of a low-copy T vector



[0065] This example provides a method for constructing the low-copy T vector, which includes steps described below.
  1. (I) The lacZα gene of pCK (kanamycin resistance) was replaced with a ccdB gene, specifically including steps described below.
    1. (1) The kanamycin-resistant pCK plasmid was used as a template and SEQ ID NO.45-46 were used as primers for PCR amplification. Specific sequences are as follows:

      SEQ ID NO.45 (forward primer): TTATAGGTGTAAACCTTAAACTGCATAGCTGTTTCCTGTGTGAAATTGTTATCC;

      SEQ ID NO.46 (reverse primer): TTAACCTGATGTTCTGGGGAATATAATTAAGCCAGCCCCGAGTAGCTAGACAGG


      A PCR system is shown in Table 1 in Example 1, and reaction conditions are shown in Table 2 in Example 1.
    2. (2) A PCR solution obtained in step (1) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product.
    3. (3) The Gibson Assembly® Master Mix kit was used for ligating a PCR purified product obtained in step (2) and the ccdB gene obtained through a gene synthesis in step (1) in Example 1. A ligation system is shown in Table 3 in Example 1. A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 50 °C.
    4. (4) A ligation product obtained in step (3) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with a kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. A single clone was picked and subjected to Sanger sequencing on the next day, and a plasmid with a correct sequence was reserved and named pCK-ccdB.
  2. (II) A sequence, 5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3', between -35 region and -10 region in a promoter region of the β-galactosidase of the pCK-ccdB plasmid was mutated into a sequence recognizable by the endonuclease, which specifically includes steps described below.
    1. (1) The pCK-ccdB plasmid successfully constructed in step (I) was used as a template, and primers F1-EcoRV, R1-EcoRV, F2-EcoRV, R2-EcoRV, F3-EcoRV, R3-EcoRV, F4-EcoRV and R4-EcoRV (SEQ ID NO.13-SEQ ID NO.20) were used as primers for the PCR amplification. Specific sequences are listed in Table 5 in Example 1. A specific PCR system is shown in Table 1 in Example 1, and reaction conditions are shown in Table 2 in Example 1.
    2. (2) A PCR solution obtained in step (1) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product. The Gibson Assembly® Master Mix kit was used for a ligation reaction. A ligation system is shown in Table 6 in Example 1. A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 50 °C.
    3. (3) Each ligation product obtained in step (2) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. A single clone was picked and subjected to Sanger sequencing on the next day, and a plasmid with a correct sequence was reserved and separately named pCK-ccdB-Mu-1 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-GATATCGCTTCCGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F1-EcoRV+R1-EcoRV), pCK-ccdB-Mu-2 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTGATATCTCCGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F2-EcoRV+R2-EcoRV), pCK-ccdB-Mu-3 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTTATGATATCGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F3-EcoRV+R3-EcoRV), and pCK-ccdB-Mu-4 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTTATGCTGATATCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F4-EcoRV+R4-EcoRV).
  3. (III) Vector cloning experiments
    1. (1) The correct plasmids pCK-ccdB-Mu-1, pCK-ccdB-Mu-2, pCK-ccdB-Mu-3 and pCK-ccdB-Mu-4 constructed in step (II) were digested with a restriction enzyme EcoRV. Digestion products were subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified.
    2. (2) Two strands of primers of 24 bp and 48 bp were synthesized and annealed to form double-stranded DNA. Nucleotide sequences of the reversely complementary primers of 24 bp and 48 bp are shown by SEQ ID NO.33-SEQ ID NO.36 in Example 1.
    3. (3) λ DNA was used as a template, and F-λDNA-200bp+R-/λDNA-200bp were used as primers for the PCR amplification. Nucleotide sequences of the primers F-/λDNA-200bp and R-λDNA-200bp are shown by SEQ ID NO.37-SEQ ID NO.38. A PCR system is shown in Table 1 in Example 1, and a PCR amplification program is shown in Table 7 in Example 1.
    4. (4) A PCR solution obtained in step (3) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product.
    5. (5) Fragments of 24 bp and 48 bp formed after annealing in step (2) and a PCR product purified in step (4) were ligated to the prepared vectors in step (1), pCK-ccdB-Mu-1, pCK-ccdB-Mu-2, pCK-ccdB-Mu-3 and pCK-ccdB-Mu-4, separately. A ligation system is shown in Table 8 in Example 1, and a ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 22 °C.
    6. (6) Each ligation product obtained in step (5) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. 12 single clones were picked on each plate of the cloned DNA fragment of about 200 bp for colony PCR identification on the next day.


[0066] A PCR system is shown in Table 9 in Example 1, and a PCR amplification program is shown in Table 10 in Example 1.

[0067] A PCR identification result is shown in FIG. 2. The result in FIG. 2 shows that all colonies are positive clones. 12 single clones separately selected from the plates of the cloned foreign DNA fragments of 24 bp and 48 bp and single clones that were positive after colony identification were subjected to Sanger sequencing. Sequencing results show that all clones have correct sequences. Experimental results show that the vector of the present application may be used for cloning foreign DNA of 24 bp or more.

Example 4 Construction and function verification of a single-copy T vector



[0068] This example provides a method for constructing the single-copy T vector, which includes specific steps described below.
(I) The lacZα gene of pCC1 (chloramphenicol resistance) was replaced with a ccdB gene, specifically including steps described below.
(1) The chloramphenicol-resistant pCC1 plasmid was used as a template and SEQ ID NO.47-48 were used as primers for PCR amplification. Specific sequences are as follows:

SEQ ID NO.47 (forward primer): ATGCAGGCTCGGTTCCAGCATGGTCATAGCTGTTTCCTGTGTGAAATTGTTATCC;

SEQ ID NO.48 (reverse primer): AGCACCATTTGCAGCGATGCCGCCTAATTAAGCCAGCCCCGACACCCGCCAACAC.


A PCR system is shown in Table 1 in Example 1, and reaction conditions are shown in Table 11.
Table 11
Amplification program Reaction Program Number of Cycles
95 °C 4 min 1
94 °C 30s 25
58 °C 30s
72 °C 5 min
72 °C 8 min 1
  4 °C 1

(2) A PCR solution obtained in step (1) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product.
(3) The Gibson Assembly® Master Mix kit was used for ligating a PCR purified product obtained in step (2) and the ccdB gene obtained through a gene synthesis in Example 1. A ligation system is shown in Table 12.
Table 12
PCR amplification product About 440 ng, 10 µL
Gibson Assembly® Master Mix 10 µL
Sterilized and deionized H2O 0 µL

A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 50 °C.
(4) A ligation product obtained in step (3) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with a chloramphenicol-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. A single clone was picked and subjected to Sanger sequencing on the next day, and a plasmid with a correct sequence was reserved and named pCC1-ccdB.
(II) A sequence, 5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3', between -35 region and -10 region in a promoter region of the β-galactosidase of the pCC1-ccdB plasmid was mutated into a sequence that can be digested by the endonuclease to form blunt ends, which specifically includes steps described below.
(1) The pCC1-ccdB plasmid successfully constructed in step (I) was used as a template, and primers F1-PmlI+R1-PmlI, F2-PmlI+R2-PmlI, F3-PmlI+R3-PmlI and F4-PmlI+R4-PmlI (SEQ ID NO.21-SEQ ID NO.28) were used as primers for the PCR amplification. Specific sequences are listed in Table 13.
Table 13
No.Sequence
SEQ ID NO.21 (F1-PmlI) CCGGAAGCCACGTGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGCCTAATGAGTG
SEQ ID NO.22 (R1-PmlI)

 
SEQ ID NO.23 (F2-PmlI) GAGCCGGACACGTGAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGCCTAATGAG
SEQ ID NO.24 (R2-PmlI)

 
SEQ ID NO.25 (F3-PmlI) TACGAGCCCACGTGATAAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGCCTAAT
SEQ ID NO.26 (R3-PmlI)

 
SEQ ID NO.27 (F4-PmlI) ACATACGACACGTGAGCATAAAGTGTAAAGCCTGGGGTGCCT
SEQ ID NO.28 (R4-PmlI)

 

A specific PCR system is shown in Table 1 in Example 1, and reaction conditions are shown in Table 11.
(2) A PCR solution obtained in step (1) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product. The Gibson Assembly® Master Mix kit was used for a ligation reaction. A ligation system is shown in Table 14.
Table 14
PCR amplification productAbout 490 ng, 10 µL
Gibson Assembly® Master Mix 10 µL
Sterilized and deionized H2O 0 µL

A ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 50 °C.
(3) Each ligation product obtained in step (2) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. A single clone was picked and subjected to Sanger sequencing on the next day, and a plasmid with a correct sequence was reserved and separately named pCC1-ccdB-Mu-1 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CACGTGGCTTCCGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F1-PmlI+R1-PmlI), pCC1-ccdB-Mu-2 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTCACGTGTCCGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F2-PmlI+R2-PmlI), pCC1-ccdB-Mu-3 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTTATCACGTGGGCTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F3-PmlI+R3-PmlI), and pCC1-ccdB-Mu-4 (5'-CTTTATGCTTCCGGCTCG-3' was mutated into 5'-CTTTATGCTCACGTGTCG-3', and the plasmid was constructed with primers F4-PmlI+R4-PmlI).
(III) Vector cloning experiments
  1. (1) The correct plasmids pCC1-ccdB-Mu-1, pCC1-ccdB-Mu-2, pCC1-ccdB-Mu-3 and pCC1-ccdB-Mu-4 constructed in step (II) were digested with a restriction enzyme PmlI. Digestion products were subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified.
  2. (2) Reversely complementary primers of 24 bp and 48 bp were synthesized and annealed to form double-stranded DNA. Nucleotide sequences of the reversely complementary primers of 24 bp and 48 bp are shown by SEQ ID NO.33-SEQ ID NO.36 in Example 1.
  3. (3) λ DNA was used as a template, and F-λDNA-200bp+R-λDNA-200bp were used as primers for the PCR amplification. Nucleotide sequences of the primers F-λDNA-200bp and R-λDNA-200bp are shown by SEQ ID NO.37-SEQ ID NO.38 in Example 1. A PCR system is shown in Table 1 in Example 1, and a PCR amplification program is shown in Table 7 in Example 1.
  4. (4) A PCR solution obtained in step (3) was subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis, and gel was cut, recovered and purified to obtain a PCR amplification product.
  5. (5) Fragments of 24 bp and 48 bp formed after annealing in step (2) and a PCR product purified in step (4) were ligated to the prepared vectors in step (1), pCC1-ccdB-Mu-1, pCC1-ccdB-Mu-2, pCC1-ccdB-Mu-3 and pCC1-ccdB-Mu-4, separately. A ligation system is shown in Table 8 in Example 1, and a ligation condition was a ligation reaction of 1 h at 22 °C.
  6. (6) Each ligation product obtained in step (5) was transformed into Top10F' competent cells which were finally coated with the kanamycin-resistant LB plate and cultivated overnight at 37 °C. 12 single clones were picked on each plate of the cloned DNA fragment of about 200 bp for colony PCR identification on the next day.


[0069] A PCR system is shown in Table 9 in Example 1, and a PCR amplification program is shown in Table 10 in Example 1.

[0070] A PCR identification result is shown in FIG. 3. The result in FIG. 3 shows that all colonies are positive clones. 12 single clones separately selected from the plates of the cloned foreign DNA fragments of 24 bp and 48 bp and single clones that were positive after colony identification were subjected to Sanger sequencing. Sequencing results show that all clones have correct sequences. Experimental results show that the vector of the present application may be used for cloning foreign DNA of 24 bp or more.

[0071] To conclude, the T vector of the present application clones the foreign DNA fragment between -10 region and -35 region in a promoter region of the β-galactosidase of the vector during TA cloning, so that even when induced by IPTG, the promoter of the β-galactosidase still has extremely low activity, and an expression amount of a gene toxic to a host is extremely small. In this way, a host of a recombinant vector containing the foreign DNA fragment can grow normally. However, since a strong promoter of an empty vector that is self-ligated and not ligated to the foreign DNA fragment due to the lack of 1-2 bases at the end of the vector still has strong activity, and the frameshift mutation of a screening gene does not occur, the expression in large quantities of the gene toxic to the host can be initiated, so that a host carrying a vector containing no foreign DNA fragment cannot grow. Therefore, the T vector of the present application can avoid false positive clones due to the frameshift mutation of the screening gene.

[0072] The applicant has stated that although the detailed method of the present application is described through the examples described above, the present application is not limited to the detailed method described above, which means that implementation of the present application does not necessarily depend on the detailed method described above. It should be apparent to those skilled in the art that any improvements made to the present application, equivalent replacements of raw materials of the product of the present application, additions of adjuvant ingredients to the product of the present application, and selections of specific manners, etc., all fall within the protection scope and the disclosed scope of the present application.
























Claims

1. An improved promoter, obtained by mutating a nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in a promoter region into recognition sites for an endonuclease.
 
2. The improved promoter of claim 1, obtained by mutating a nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in a promoter region of a β-galactosidase into the recognition sites for the endonuclease.
 
3. The improved promoter of claim 2, wherein the nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region in the promoter region of the β-galactosidase is shown by SEQ ID NO.1-2.
 
4. The improved promoter of claim 2, wherein the endonuclease is any one or a combination of at least two of EcoRV, AleI, BamHI, XhoI and PmlI.
 
5. The improved promoter of claim 2, wherein a nucleic acid sequence between -35 region and -10 region of the improved promoter is shown by SEQ ID NO.3-10.
 
6. A cloning vector, comprising the improved promoter of any one of claims 1 to 5.
 
7. The vector of claim 6, wherein a lacZα gene on the vector is replaced with a gene toxic to a host.
 
8. The vector of claim 7, wherein the gene toxic to the host is a gene whose transcription or translation product is capable of causing the host to fail to grow or proliferate;
preferably, the gene toxic to the host is a lethal gene and/or a restriction enzyme gene; preferably, the lethal gene is a ccdB gene, wherein a nucleic acid sequence of the ccdB gene is shown by SEQ ID NO.11;
preferably, the cloning vector is any one or a combination of at least two of pUC18, pUC19, pUC57, pCA, pCK, pCC and pCC1;
preferably, the vector further comprises a foreign gene operably ligated to the vector; and optionally, the foreign gene is a lacI expression element, wherein a nucleic acid sequence of the lacI expression element is shown by SEQ ID NO.12.
 
9. A T vector, obtained by linearizing the vector of any one of claims 6 to 8 and adding one dideoxythymidine nucleotide to a 3' end of the linearized vector.
 
10. A recombinant vector, obtained by inserting a foreign gene into the T vector of claim 9; wherein
preferably, the foreign gene is operably ligated between recognition sites for an endonuclease of an improved promoter.
 
11. A method for preparing the T vector of claim 9, comprising the following steps:

(1) replacing a lacZα gene on a vector with a gene toxic to a host;

(2) designing a primer according to recognition sites for an endonuclease to be mutated into, and using an original promoter and an expression-regulating gene of the original promoter as a template for PCR amplification, to obtain a product with an improved promoter;

(3) cyclizing the product in step (2) by a Gibson recombination method to obtain a vector with the promoter; and

(4) linearizing the vector in step (3), and adding one dideoxythymidine nucleotide to a 3' end of the linearized vector, to obtain the T vector.


 
12. The method of claim 11, wherein a nucleic acid sequence of the primer in step (2) is shown by SEQ ID NO. 13-28;
preferably, the linearizing in step (4) is performed through endonuclease digestion and/or the PCR amplification;
preferably, the adding one dideoxythymidine nucleotide in step (4) is performed with a terminal transferase and/or a Taq DNA polymerase;
preferably, before step (1), the method further comprises performing codon optimization on the gene toxic to the host; and
preferably, after step (1), the method further comprises inserting a foreign gene into the vector.
 
13. A host cell, comprising the cloning vector of any one of claims 6 to 8 and/or the recombinant vector of claim 10; wherein
preferably, the host cell is wild Escherichia coli.
 
14. A method for preparing a protein of interest, comprising:

adding 1 A base to a 3' end of a foreign gene, ligating the foreign gene added with the A base to the T vector of claim 4 to be introduced into a host cell, and cultivating the host cell under appropriate conditions, to obtain a positive clone; wherein

preferably, the host cell is wild Escherichia coli.


 
15. A kit, comprising any one or a combination of at least two of the improved promoter of any one of claims 1 to 5, the vector of any one of claims 6 to 8, the T vector of claim 9, the recombinant vector of claim 10 and the host cell of claim 13; wherein
preferably, the kit is used for gene cloning.
 




Drawing







Search report
















Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description