(19)
(11)EP 3 753 774 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
07.09.2022 Bulletin 2022/36

(21)Application number: 20185676.2

(22)Date of filing:  01.08.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60K 35/00(2006.01)
B60W 50/14(2020.01)
B60K 37/02(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
B60K 35/00; B60K 37/02; B60K 2370/155; B60K 2370/156; B60K 2370/174; B60K 2370/172; B60W 2050/146; B60W 2510/085; B60W 2510/086; B60W 2510/0638; B60W 2510/0666; B60W 20/40; Y02T 10/84

(54)

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR HYBRID VEHICLE

ANZEIGEVORRICHTUNG FÜR HYBRIDFAHRZEUG

AFFICHEUR POUR VÉHICULE HYBRIDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 02.08.2018 JP 2018145583
10.07.2019 JP 2019128007

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/52

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
19189551.5 / 3604016

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
Tokyo 108-8410 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • OHTA, Jinichi
    MINATO-KU, Tokyo 108-8410 (JP)
  • OKUJI, Takayuki
    MINATO-KU, Tokyo 108-8410 (JP)
  • KAMEI, Yuichi
    MINATO-KU, Tokyo 108-8410 (JP)

(74)Representative: Regimbeau 
20, rue de Chazelles
75847 Paris Cedex 17
75847 Paris Cedex 17 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 403 866
JP-A- 2007 125 921
US-A1- 2009 125 173
WO-A1-2020/195019
JP-B2- 4 155 321
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a display device for a hybrid vehicle having a motor and an engine.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] A hybrid vehicle has a motor and an engine as driving sources for traveling, and as traveling modes thereof, has an EV (electric vehicle) mode in which the driving wheels are driven only by the motor and an HV (hybrid vehicle) mode in which the driving wheels are driven by the motor and the engine.

    SUMMARY OF INVENTION



    [0003] The hybrid vehicle travels in the EV mode when starting, and thereafter, according to the state of the vehicle, starts the engine and travels in the HV mode. The display device of such hybrid vehicle indicates to the driver whether the vehicle is currently traveling in the EV mode or in the HV mode (for example, see JP-B-4155321). Other display devices for displaying relevant information on driving states of a hybrid vehicle are known from US 2009/125173 A1 and JP 2007 125921 A and also described in EP 3403866 A1 and WO 2020/195019 A1, which became publicly available after the effective date of the present application.

    [0004] For example, JP-B-4155321 describes a vehicle provided with a first display portion displaying the state quantity that changes according to an output request from the driver and a second display portion displaying a dividing line indicating that the traveling mode is switched at this state quantity.

    [0005] However, since the above-mentioned dividing line changes according to the state of the vehicle and sometimes moves irrespective of the driver's driving operation, not only it is difficult for the driver to judge the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle but also start of the engine (shift from the EV mode to the HV mode) at an unexpected timing and the like can occur.

    [0006] The present invention is made in view of the above-mentioned problem, and an object thereof is to make the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle easy-to-understand.

    [0007] According to the present invention, there is provided the display device as defined in the appended claims.

    [0008] There is also disclosed a display device for a hybrid vehicle of a first aspect which displays at least one of outputs related to traveling of a hybrid vehicle, the display device including:

    a first area configured to indicate a first output in a first mode in which traveling is performed with an electric motor while an internal combustion engine is stopped and to indicate a second output in a second mode in which traveling is performed with the internal combustion engine and the electric motor both being actuated;

    a second area provided side by side with the first area and configured to indicate a third output in the second mode; and

    a third area provided in a position adjacent to the second area, included in the first area, and configured to indicate a range of the first output where a possibility that the internal combustion engine starts is high,

    wherein the first area has a first display portion that changes according to the first output in the first mode and the second output in the second mode; and

    wherein the second area has a second display portion that changes according to the third output in the second mode.



    [0009] In a display device of a second aspect according to the first aspect,

    the first display portion and the second display portion are provided respectively; and

    in the first mode, the second display portion is fixed at a starting point of the second area.



    [0010] For example, a starting point of the second area is positioned on a boundary line between the first area and the second area. In other words, the starting point of the second area is positioned on 12 o'clock in the display device (12 o'clock is equal to the position of 0 degree).

    [0011] In a display device of a third aspect according to the first aspect or the second aspect,

    a sectioning line indicating a starting point of the third area is provided in the first area; and

    the sectioning line is non-displayed in the second mode.



    [0012] In a display device of a fourth aspect according to the third aspect,
    the sectioning line becomes non-displayed in response to a shift from the first mode to the second mode.

    [0013] In a display device of a fifth aspect according to any one of the first aspect to the fourth aspect,
    the first mode and the second mode are shown in same display forms.

    [0014] In a display device of a sixth aspect according to any one of the first aspect to the fourth aspect,
    the first display portion and the second display portion are shown in different display forms.

    [0015] In a display device of a seventh aspect according to any one of the first aspect to the sixth aspect,
    the first display portion is an image of a belt-like figure.

    [0016] In a display device of an eighth aspect according to any one of the first aspect to the sixth aspect,
    the second display portion is a needle.

    [0017] In a display device of a ninth aspect according to any one of the first aspect to the eighth aspect,
    the first output and the second output indicate the same output parameter.

    [0018] In a display device of a tenth aspect according to any one of the first aspect to the ninth aspect,

    the second output indicates an output of the electric motor or an output of a battery connected to the electric motor; and

    the first display portion changes according to the output of the electric motor or the output of the battery connected to the electric motor in the second mode.



    [0019] In a display device of an eleventh aspect according to any one of the first aspect to the tenth aspect,

    a display area formed of the first area and the second area is shaped in a circle; and

    the first area and the second area are provided so as to range with each other in a fan-like or arc-like shape with an uppermost position of the display area as a boundary.



    [0020] In a display device of a twelfth aspect according to any one of the first aspect to the eleventh aspect,

    the second area indicates an engine speed of the internal combustion engine; and

    the second display portion changes according to the engine speed of the internal combustion engine.



    [0021] In a display device of a thirteenth aspect according to any one of the fifth aspect, the ninth aspect, the tenth aspect, the eleventh aspect and the twelfth aspect,
    the first display portion and the second display portion are needles.

    [0022] In a display device according to a ninth aspect which display device solves the above-mentioned problem, in the display device according to any one of the first to eighth aspects, the second area indicates an engine speed of the internal combustion engine, and the second display portion changes according to the engine speed of the internal combustion engine.

    [0023] According to the display device according to the first aspect, since the first display portion that changes according to the first output in the first mode or the second output in the second mode is displayed in the first area including the third area and the second display portion that changes according to the third output in the second mode is displayed in the second area, the driver can easily judge the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle by grasping which of the first display portion and the second display portion is changed.

    [0024] According to the display device according to the second aspect, since the first display portion and the second display portion are provided respectively and in the first mode, the second display portion is fixed at a starting point of the second area, the driver can easily grasp a movement or change of the first display portion and also can easily judge the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle.

    [0025] According to the display device according to the third and fourth aspects, by making the sectioning line (the third area) in the second mode non-displayed, the change of the display in the first area in the second mode becomes conspicuous, so that the driver can easily judge the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle, in particular, that the hybrid vehicle is traveling in the second mode. Moreover, by displaying the sectioning line (the third area) in the first traveling mode, the driver can be notified that the engine is in a state of readily starting.

    [0026] According to the display device according to the fifth aspect and the thirteenth aspect, since the first mode and the second mode are shown in same display forms, when both of the first mode and the second mode in the second mode are operated, the same display forms are moved together, the visibility of the first display portion and the second display portion are improved and the designability and appearance of them are increased.

    [0027] According to the display device according to the sixth aspect, since the first display portion and the second display portion are shown in different display forms, the driver can clearly distinguish the display portions from each other, so that the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle can be more easily judged.

    [0028] According to the display device according to the seventh aspect, since the first display portion is an image of a belt-like figure, when the hybrid vehicle travels without the engine being started in the first mode, the driver can be more clearly notified of that state, so that viewability is improved.

    [0029] According to the display device according to the eighth aspect, since the second display portion is a needle, when the traveling in the second mode is started, the traveling in the second mode can be more clearly notified to the driver by a dynamic movement of the needle.

    [0030] According to the display device according to the ninth aspect, by displaying the first display portion with the same output parameter in the first mode and in the second mode, control can be simplified.

    [0031] According to the display device according to the tenth aspect, by displaying the first display portion with the output of the electric motor or the output of the battery in the second mode, the driver can obtain information on the assist output of the electric motor as appropriate information conforming to the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle, more specifically, can check the excess outputs of the electric motor and the battery.

    [0032] According to the display device according to the eleventh aspect, since the first area and the second area are disposed so as to range with each other with the uppermost portion of the display area as the boundary, it becomes easy for the driver to intuitively grasp the display information of the display device (the operation state of the hybrid vehicle).

    [0033] According to the display device according to the twelfth aspect, by displaying the second display portion with the engine speed of the internal combustion engine, for example, even when the engine is actuated by the warm air of the catalyst or the like, the driver can easily grasp such actuation of the engine (for a purpose other than traveling).

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0034] 

    FIG. 1 is a block diagram explaining a hybrid vehicle.

    FIG. 2A is an explanatory view showing an example of an embodiment of a display device for a hybrid vehicle according to the present invention.

    FIG. 2B is an explanatory view showing an example of the embodiment of the display device for a hybrid vehicle according to the present invention.

    FIG. 2C is an explanatory view showing an example of the embodiment of the display device for a hybrid vehicle according to the present invention.

    FIG. 3 is an explanatory view showing another example of the embodiment of the display device for a hybrid vehicle according to the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0035] Hereinafter, an embodiment of the display device according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the attached drawings.

    [First embodiment]



    [0036] The structure of a display device according to a first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. 1 and FIGS. 2A to 2C.

    [0037] As shown in FIG. 1, a hybrid vehicle 10 has a motor 11 (electric motor) and an engine 12 (internal combustion engine) as driving sources for traveling. The motor 11 may have a structure of driving the front wheels or the rear wheels. Also a structure may be adopted that the front wheels and the rear wheels are driven by a plurality of motors 11, respectively. Moreover, the engine 12 may also have the structure of driving the front wheels or the rear wheels or may have the structure of driving both of the front wheels and the rear wheels. Moreover, the hybrid vehicle 10 may have a generator (not shown) that is driven by the engine 12 to generate power.

    [0038] As traveling modes, the hybrid vehicle 10 has a first mode (electric motor output mode) in which traveling using the motor 11 with the engine 12 being stopped (driving of the driving wheels) takes precedence (traveling by the motor 11 takes precedence over traveling by the engine 12) and a second mode (internal combustion engine output mode) in which the engine 12 is actuated and the hybrid vehicle 10 travels (the driving wheels are driven) by using, for example, the motor 11 and the engine 12.

    [0039] Moreover, the hybrid vehicle 10 has an ECU (Electronics Control Unit) 20 as the control portion. The ECU 20 has a CPU (Central Processing Unit), a RAM (Random Access Memory), a ROM (Read Only Memory), an input/output circuit and the like, is electrically connected to the motor 11 and the engine 12, and is electrically connected also to a battery 13 that supplies power to the motor 11, a vehicle speed sensor 14 that detects the vehicle speed and an accelerator position sensor 15 that detects the accelerator position.

    [0040] Therefore, to the ECU 20, a signal value from the motor 11 (the motor rotation speed, etc.) and a signal value from the engine 12 (ON/OFF, the engine rotation speed, etc.) are inputted, and further, a signal value from the battery 13 (SOC [state of charge], the battery output, etc.), signal values of the vehicle speed sensor 14 and the accelerator position sensor 15 and the like are also inputted.

    [0041] The hybrid vehicle 10 further has a display device 30A that displays at least one of outputs related to the traveling of the hybrid vehicle 10 (traveling output), and the display device 30A is electrically connected to the ECU 20. The traveling output of the hybrid vehicle 10 is obtained by arithmetic processing being performed at the ECU 20 based on the above-mentioned signal value, and this arithmetically processed value (traveling output) is inputted to the display device 30A.

    [0042] As shown in FIGS. 2A to 2C, the display device 30A has a circular instrument board 35 where a first area 31A (including a third area 33A), a second area 32A and a fourth area 34A are disposed. In the following description, as the expression of the direction on the instrument board 35, one or both of the following are used: the time of a clock with the uppermost position of the instrument board 35 as the position of 0 o'clock (=12 o'clock); and an angle when the uppermost position T of the instrument board 35 is the position of 0 degrees (=360 degrees).

    [0043] The first area 31A is an area indicating the traveling output (first output) at the time of traveling using the motor 11 while the engine 12 is stopped, that is, in the first mode. The first area 31A is disposed in a fan-like or arc-like shape between the positions of approximately 270 degrees and 360 degrees (between the positions of approximately 9 o'clock and 12 O'clock in a hypothetical dial plate) on the outer periphery on the instrument board 35. In the first area 31A, a first display portion 36 that changes according to the traveling output in the first mode is displayed.

    [0044] The first display portion 36 is an image of a belt-like figure indicating the value corresponding to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode in the first area 31A (between the positions of 9 o'clock and 12 o'clock). Specifically, the length (the length from the position of 9 o'clock) of the belt-like figure of the first display portion 36 changes according to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode, and the value corresponding to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode is indicated by the length of the belt-like figure (the position of the ending point [end portion] with the position of 9 o'clock as the starting point).

    [0045] By the first display portion 36 being the image of the belt-like figure as described above, when the hybrid vehicle 10 travels without the engine 12 being started in the first mode, the driver can be more clearly notified of the traveling state of the vehicle and the start/stop condition of the engine, so that viewability is improved. The first display portion 36 is not limited to the image of the belt-like figure, and may be, for example, as illustrated in Fig. 3, a needle similar to a second display portion 37 described later.

    [0046] FIG. 3 is an explanatory view showing another example of the embodiment of the display device for a hybrid vehicle according to the present invention. Configuration elements of a display device 30B in Fig. 3 are same as those of the display device 30A in Figs. 2A to 2C without a first display portion 36Ain Fig. 3. In Fig. 3, if the configuration elements are same as the configuration elements in Figs. 2A to 2C, same reference numbers of the configuration elements of Figs. 2A to 2C are added to the configuration elements in Fig. 3 and their explanations are omitted.

    [0047] The first display portion 36A is a needle pointing the value corresponding to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode in the first area 31A (between the positions of 9 o'clock and 12 o'clock). Specifically, the angle (an rotation angle from the position of 9 o'clock) of the needle of the first display portion 36A changes according to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode, and the value corresponding to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode is indicated by the pointing direction (a clockwise rotation angle from the position of 9 o'clock as the starting point).

    [0048] Since the first display portion 36A and a second display portion 37 described hereinafter are needles respectively, that means, the first display portion and the second display portion are shown in same display forms, when both of the first display portion and the second display portion respectively change (move) in the second mode, the same display forms of the first display portion and the second display portion move together. Therefore, the visibility of the first display portion and the second display portion are improved and the designability and appearance of them are increased.

    [0049] As the traveling output (first output) in the first mode, for example, an output parameter such as the battery output of the battery 13 may be used.

    [0050] Moreover, in the first area 31A, the third area 33A is provided. The third area 33A is provided in a position adjacent to the second area (32A) in the first area (31A). In the first area 31A, a sectioning line (boundary) L1 representative of the starting point of the third area 33A is provided. The sectioning line L1 is a display indicating the position of the limit of the state where traveling using the motor 11 with the engine 12 being stopped takes precedence in the first mode (the value corresponding to the traveling output).

    [0051] The state where traveling using the motor 11 with the engine 12 being stopped takes precedence is a state where none of a plurality of conditions to start the engine 12 holds. On the other hand, the state where there is a possibility (the possibility is high) that the engine 12 starts is a state where at least one of the conditions to start the engine 12 holds. The sectioning line L1 indicates the boundary between these states, that is, the limit area of the state where traveling using the motor 11 with the engine 12 being stopped takes precedence. Depending on the condition, there are cases where the engine 12 starts at a position in the counterclockwise direction with reference to the sectioning line L1 (in the first area 31A).

    [0052] That is, the third area 33A included in the first area 31A is an engine start imminent area indicating the traveling output when at least one of the conditions to start the engine 12 holds to increase the possibility that the engine 12 starts, that is, when there is a possibility (the possibility is high) that shift is made from the first mode to the second mode. Moreover, the third area 33A is disposed in a fan-like or arc-like shape between the position of the sectioning line L1 and the position of 0 degrees (0 o'clock) (a position adjacent to the second area 32A) in the first area 31A.

    [0053] Therefore, in the first mode, when there is no possibility (the possibility is low) that the engine 12 starts, the first display portion 36 changes within the range of the area except the third area 33A in the first area 31A, whereas when there is a possibility (the possibility is high) that the engine 12 starts, that is, immediately before the start of the engine 12, the first display portion 36 changes within the range of the third area 33A in the first area 31A.

    [0054] Since the possibility of the engine 12 starting can be indicated by the first display portion 36 by providing such a third area 33A in the first area 31A, the driver can be notified that the engine 12 is in a state of readily starting. Therefore, it becomes easy for the driver to recognize the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10 and the operation state of the motor 11, grasp the traveling output and realize intended driving.

    [0055] Moreover, the first area 31A may include an area indicating the output of the motor 11 (motor output) at the time of traveling with the engine 12 being actuated, that is, in the second mode. At this time, the sectioning line L1 is non-displayed, and the first display portion 36 indicates the value corresponding to the motor output (second output) in the first area 31A (between the positions of 9 o'clock and 12 o'clock). Specifically, the length (the length from the position of 9 o'clock) of the belt-like figure of the first display portion 36 changes according to the motor output (second output), and the value corresponding to the motor output (second output) is indicated by the length of the belt-like figure (the position of the ending point [end portion] with the position of 9 o'clock as the starting point).

    [0056] The motor output (second output) is an output by the actuation of the motor 11, and as this motor output (second output), output parameters such as the rotation speed of the motor 11, the motive power (power) by the actuation of the motor 11 and the battery output of the battery 13 (the assist electric power of the motor 11) may be used.

    [0057] By making the sectioning line L1 in the second mode non-displayed as described above, the change of the display in the first area 31A becomes conspicuous when shift is made from the first mode to the second mode, so that the driver can easily judge the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10, in particular, that the hybrid vehicle 10 is traveling in the second mode.

    [0058] A structure may be adopted in which the traveling output (first output) in the first mode and the motor output (second output) in the second mode are selectable by the driver. For example, a selection switch (not shown) is provided on the display device 30A, and by operating this selection switch, one output parameter is selected from among the above-mentioned output parameters as each of the traveling output (first output) in the first mode and the motor output (second output) in the second mode. In a case where the first display portion 36 is made to change according to the same output parameter in the first mode and in the second mode, control can be simplified.

    [0059] Moreover, in a case where the first area 31A indicates the output of the motor 11 or the output of the battery 13 in the second mode and the first display portion 36 changes according to the output of the motor 11 or the output of the battery 13 in the second mode, the driver can obtain information on the assist output of the motor 11 as appropriate information conforming to the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10, more specifically, can check the excess outputs of the motor 11 and the battery 13.

    [0060] The second area 32A is an area indicating the traveling output (third output) at the time of traveling with the engine 12 being actuated, that is, in the second mode, and is disposed in a fan-like or arc-like shape between the positions of 0 degrees and approximately 135 degrees on the outer periphery on the instrument board 35. In the second area 32A, a second display portion 37 that is separately provided from the first display portion 36 and that changes according to the traveling output (third output) in the second mode is displayed.

    [0061] The second display portion 37 is a needle pointing the value corresponding to the engine output in the second area 32A (between the positions of 0 degrees and approximately 135 degrees). Specifically, the pointing direction (the rotation angle from the direction of 0 o'clock [0 degrees] with the substantial center of the instrument board 35 as the base point) of the second display portion 37 changes according to the traveling output (third output) in the second mode, and the value corresponding to the traveling output (third output) in the second mode is pointed by the pointing direction (direction with the substantial center of the instrument board 35 as the base point).

    [0062] By making the second display portion 37 the needle as described above, when the traveling in the second mode is started, the traveling in the second mode can be more clearly notified to the driver by a dynamic movement of the needle.

    [0063] As the traveling output (third output) in the second mode, output parameters such as the rotation speed of the engine 12 and the motive power (power) by the actuation of the engine 12 may be used.

    [0064] A structure may be adopted in which the traveling output (third output) in the second mode is selectable by the driver. For example, a selection switch (not shown) is provided on the display device 30A, and by operating this selection switch, one output parameter is selected from among the above-mentioned output parameters as the traveling output (third output) in the second mode.

    [0065] In a case where the second display portion 37 is displayed by the rotation speed of the engine 11, for example, even when the engine 11 is actuated by the warm air of the catalyst or the like, the driver can easily grasp such actuation of the engine 11 (for a purpose other than traveling).

    [0066] The fourth area 34A is an area indicating the charging output of the battery 13 by regenerative energy, and is disposed in a fan-like or arc-like shape between the positions of approximately 225 degrees and 270 degrees on the outer periphery on the instrument board 35. In the fourth area 34A, a regenerative energy display portion (not shown) that changes according to the power generation output of the motor 11 by regenerative energy is displayed.

    [0067] The regenerative energy display portion (not shown) is an image of a belt-like figure indicating the value corresponding to the power generation output of the motor 11 by regenerative energy in the fourth area 34A (between the positions of approximately 225 degrees and 270 degrees). Specifically, the length (the length from the position of 270 degrees) of the belt-like figure of the regenerative energy display portion (not shown) changes according to the power generation output of the motor 11 by regenerative energy, and the value corresponding to the power generation output of the motor 11 by regenerative energy is indicated by the length of the belt-like figure (the position of the ending point [end portion] with the position of 270 degrees as the starting point).

    [0068] On the above-described instrument board 35, in the first area 31A (including the third area 33A) and the fourth area 34A, no scale numerals are provided, and in the second area 32A, scale numerals are provided. Needless to say, scale numerals may be provided in the first area 31A (including the third area 33A) and the fourth area 34A, and scale numerals may be not provided in the second area 32A.

    [0069] Moreover, on the above-described instrument board 35, the first display portion 36 and the regenerative energy display portion (not shown) are images of belt-like figures, and the second display portion 37 is a needle of an analog meter. Needless to say, the first display portion 36 and the regenerative energy display portion (not shown) may be needles, and the second display portion 37 may be an image of a belt-like figure. At this time, it is preferable that the first display portion 36 and the second display portion 37 be shown in display forms different from each other. The different display forms may be any that enable the driver to clearly distinguish the display portions from each other, and are not limited to the image of the belt-like figure and the needle described above.

    [0070] Moreover, the above-described first area 31A (including the third area 33A), second area 32A and fourth area 34A are disposed in fan-like or arc-like shapes in predetermined ranges, respectively, are independently disposed in similar fan-like or arc-like shapes in the predetermined ranges, and are also disposed in a fan-like or arc-like shape as a whole. The first area 31A (including the third area 33A) and the second area 32A are provided so as to range with each other in an arc-shape with the position of 12 o'clock as the boundary.

    [0071] By making circular the display area formed of the first area 31A and the second area 32A and providing the first area 31A and the second area 32A so as to range with each other in a fan-like or arc-like shape with the uppermost position T of the display area (the instrument board 35) as the boundary as described above, it becomes easy for the driver to intuitively grasp the display information of the display device 30A (the operation state of the hybrid vehicle 10).

    [0072] The operation of the display device according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2A to 2C.

    [0073] When the driver starts the hybrid vehicle 10, the hybrid vehicle 10 starts to travel in the first mode.

    [0074] At this time, on the instrument board 35 of the display device 30A, the first display portion 36 and the sectioning line L1 are displayed in the first area 31A, and the first display portion 36 changes within the range of the first area 31A according to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode (see FIGS. 2A and 2B). In the first mode, the engine 12 is not started, and the second display portion 37 is not swung in the second area 32A (indicates the scale "0").

    [0075] The first display portion 36 and the sectioning line L1 are displayed by a predetermined output parameter or an arbitrary output parameter (for example, the engine start imminence) selected by a non-illustrated selection switch as the travelling output (first output) in the first mode.

    [0076] Therefore, the driver can easily recognize that the hybrid vehicle 10 is traveling in the first mode (the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10) because the second display portion 37 is not swung in the second area 32A (indicates the scale "0") on the instrument board 35 of the display device 30A.

    [0077] Moreover, the sectioning line L1 (the third area 33A) being displayed on the instrument board 35 of the display device 30A also enables the driver to easily recognize that the hybrid vehicle 10 is traveling in the first mode (the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10).

    [0078] While the traveling output in the first mode is a traveling output (first output) not exceeding the sectioning line L1, that is, a traveling output with no possibility that the engine 12 starts, the first display portion 36 changes within the range of the area except the third area 33A in the first area 31A according to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode.

    [0079] Therefore, from the display of the first display portion 36 and the sectioning line L1 in the first area 31A (the first display portion 36 changing in the range of the area except the third area 33 A in the first area 31A), the driver easily recognizes that traveling in the first mode is possible, and can continue traveling in the first mode with security.

    [0080] On the other hand, when the traveling output (first output) in the first mode becomes a traveling output exceeding the sectioning line L1, that is, a traveling output with the possibility that the engine 12 starts, the first display portion 36 changes within the range of the third area 33 A in the first area 31A according to the traveling output in the first mode until the engine 12 starts (see FIG. 2B).

    [0081] Therefore, since the hybrid vehicle 10 can be operated with the positional relationship between the first display portion 36 and the sectioning line L1 (the third area 33A in the first area 31A) being grasped, for example, when not wanting to start the engine 12, the driver can perform an operation to return the first display portion 36 into the range of the area except the third area 33A in the first area 31A by operating the accelerator position or the like.

    [0082] Then, when the traveling output (first output) in the first mode exceeds, for example, the maximum output of the battery 13, the engine 12 starts, and the hybrid vehicle 10 starts to travel in the second mode.

    [0083] At this time, on the instrument board 35 of the display device 30A, the second display portion 37 swings (is displayed/is moved) from the scale "0" in the second area 32A, and the second display portion 37 changes within the range of the second area 32A according to the traveling output (third output) in the second mode (see FIG. 2C).

    [0084] The second display portion 37 is displayed by a predetermined output parameter or an arbitrary output parameter selected by a non-illustrated selection switch (for example, the rotation speed of the engine 12) as the traveling output (third output) in the second mode, and the first display portion 36 is displayed by a predetermined output parameter or an arbitrary output parameter selected by a non-illustrated selection switch (for example, the rotation speed of the motor 11) as the motor output (second output) in the second mode. The sectioning line L1 is non-displayed.

    [0085] Therefore, the driver can easily recognize that the hybrid vehicle 10 shifts from the first mode to the second mode by a dynamic movement of the second display portion 37 at the time of the start of traveling in the second mode on the instrument board 35 of the display device 30A, and can easily recognize that the hybrid vehicle 10 is traveling in the second mode (the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10) because the second display portion 37 is swung in the second area 32A (indicates a scale other than "0").

    [0086] Moreover, since the sectioning line L1 (the third area 33A) is non-displayed on the instrument board 35 of the display device 30A, the driver can easily recognize that the hybrid vehicle 10 is traveling in the second mode (the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10).

    [0087] As described above, according to the display device 30A, since the first display portion 36 that changes according to the traveling output (first output) in the first mode and the motor output (second output) in the second mode is displayed in the first area 31A including the third area 33A and the second display portion 37 that changes according to the traveling output (third output) in the second mode is displayed in the second area 32A, the driver can easily judge the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10 by grasping which of the first display portion 36 and the second display portion 37 is changed. Therefore, it becomes easy for the driver to realize intended driving by correctly grasping the traveling state of the hybrid vehicle 10.


    Claims

    1. A display device (30, 30A, 30B) for a hybrid vehicle (10) which displays at least one of outputs related to traveling of the hybrid vehicle, the display device comprising:

    a first area (31A) configured to indicate a first output in a first mode in which traveling is performed with an electric motor (11) while an internal combustion engine (12) is stopped and to indicate a second output in a second mode in which traveling is performed with the internal combustion engine (12) and the electric motor (11) both being actuated;

    a second area (32A) provided side by side with the first area (31A) and configured to indicate a third output in the second mode; and

    a third area (33A) provided in a position adjacent to the second area (32A), included in the first area (31A), and configured to indicate a range of the first output where a possibility that the internal combustion engine (12) starts is high,

    wherein the first area (31A) has a first display portion (36, 36A) that changes according to the first output in the first mode and the second output in the second mode; and

    wherein the second area (32A) has a second display portion (37) that changes according to the third output in the second mode,

    the display device being characterized in that

    the first display portion (36, 36A) and the second display portion (37) are provided respectively; and in that

    in the first mode, the second display portion (37) is fixed at a starting point of the second area (32A).


     
    2. The display device (30, 30A, 30B) according to claim 1,

    wherein a sectioning line (L1) indicating a starting point of the third area (33A) is provided in the first area (31A); and

    wherein the sectioning line (L1) is non-displayed in the second mode.


     
    3. The display device (30, 30A, 30B) according to claim 2,
    wherein the sectioning line (L1) becomes non-displayed in response to a shift from the first mode to the second mode.
     
    4. The display device (30B) according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    wherein the first display portion (36A) and the second display portion (37) are shown in same display forms.
     
    5. The display device (30A) according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    wherein the first display portion (36) and the second display portion (37) are shown in different display forms.
     
    6. The display device (30A) according to any one of claims 1 to 5,
    wherein the first display portion (36) is an image of a belt-like figure.
     
    7. The display device (30, 30A, 30B) according to any one of claims 1 to 5,
    wherein the second display portion (37) is a needle.
     
    8. The display device (30, 30A, 30B) according to any one of claims 1 to 7,
    wherein the first output and the second output indicate the same output parameter.
     
    9. The display device (30, 30A, 30B) according to any one of claims 1 to 8,

    wherein the second output indicates an output of the electric motor (11) or an output of a battery (13) connected to the electric motor (11); and

    wherein the first display portion (36, 36A) changes according to the output of the electric motor (11) or the output of the battery (13) connected to the electric motor (11) in the second mode.


     
    10. The display device (30, 30A, 30B) according to any one of claims 1 to 9,

    wherein a display area formed of the first area (31A) and the second area (32A) is shaped in a circle; and

    wherein the first area (31A) and the second area (32A) are provided so as to range with each other in a fan-like or arc-like shape with an uppermost position of the display area as a boundary.


     
    11. The display device (30, 30A, 30B) according to any one of claims 1 to 10,

    wherein the second area (32A) indicates an engine speed of the internal combustion engine (12); and

    wherein the second display portion (37) changes according to the engine speed of the internal combustion engine (12).


     
    12. The display device (30B) according to any one of claims 4, 8, 9, 10 and 11,
    wherein the first display portion (36A) and the second display portion (37) are needles.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30, 30A, 30B) für ein Hybridfahrzeug (10), die zumindest eine der Leistungen anzeigt, die sich auf die Fahrt des Hybridfahrzeugs beziehen, wobei die Anzeigeeinrichtung umfasst:

    einen ersten Bereich (31A), der dafür konfiguriert ist, eine erste Leistung in einem ersten Modus anzuzeigen, in dem das Fahren mit einem Elektromotor (11) durchgeführt wird, während ein Verbrennungsmotor (12) gestoppt ist, und eine zweite Leistung in einem zweiten Modus anzuzeigen, in dem das Fahren durchgeführt wird, während sowohl der Verbrennungsmotor (12) als auch der Elektromotor (11) betätigt werden;

    einen zweiten Bereich (32A), der neben dem ersten Bereich (31A) vorgesehen und dafür konfiguriert ist, eine dritte Leistung in dem zweiten Modus anzuzeigen; und

    einen dritten Bereich (33A), der an einer Position benachbart zu dem zweiten Bereich (32A) vorgesehen, in den ersten Bereich (31A) eingeschlossen und dafür konfiguriert ist, einen Bereich der ersten Leistung anzuzeigen, in dem eine Möglichkeit, dass der Verbrennungsmotor (12) startet, hoch ist,

    wobei der erste Bereich (31A) einen ersten Anzeigeabschnitt (36, 36A) aufweist, der sich in Abhängigkeit von der ersten Leistung in dem ersten Modus und der zweiten Leistung in dem zweiten Modus ändert; und

    wobei der zweite Bereich (32A) einen zweiten Anzeigeabschnitt (37) aufweist, der sich in Abhängigkeit von der dritten Leistung in dem zweiten Modus ändert,

    wobei die Anzeigeeinrichtung dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass

    der erste Anzeigeabschnitt (36, 36A) und der zweite Anzeigeabschnitt (37) jeweils vorgesehen sind; und dass

    in dem ersten Modus der zweite Anzeigeabschnitt (37) an einem Startpunkt des zweiten Bereichs (32A) fixiert ist.


     
    2. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30, 30A, 30B) nach Anspruch 1,

    wobei eine Abschnittslinie (L1), die einen Startpunkt des dritten Bereichs (33A) angibt, in dem ersten Bereich (31A) vorgesehen ist; und

    wobei die Abschnittslinie (L1) in dem zweiten Modus nicht angezeigt wird.


     
    3. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30, 30A, 30B) nach Anspruch 2,
    wobei die Abschnittslinie (L1) als Reaktion auf einen Wechsel von dem ersten Modus in den zweiten Modus nicht angezeigt wird.
     
    4. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,
    wobei der erste Anzeigeabschnitt (36A) und der zweite Anzeigeabschnitt (37) in gleichen Anzeigeformen angezeigt werden.
     
    5. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30A) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,
    wobei der erste Anzeigeabschnitt (36) und der zweite Anzeigeabschnitt (37) in unterschiedlichen Anzeigeformen dargestellt werden.
     
    6. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30A) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5,
    wobei der erste Anzeigeabschnitt (36) eine Abbildung einer streifenartigen Figur ist.
     
    7. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30, 30A, 30B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5,
    wobei der zweite Anzeigeabschnitt (37) eine Nadel ist.
     
    8. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30, 30A, 30B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7,
    wobei die erste Leistung und die zweite Leistung den gleichen Leistungsparameter angeben.
     
    9. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30, 30A, 30B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8,

    wobei die zweite Leistung eine Leistung des Elektromotors (11) oder eine Leistung einer Batterie (13) angibt, die mit dem Elektromotor (11) verbunden ist; und

    wobei sich der erste Anzeigeabschnitt (36, 36A) in Abhängigkeit von der Leistung des Elektromotors (11) oder der Leistung der Batterie (13), die mit dem Elektromotor (11) verbunden ist, in dem zweiten Modus ändert.


     
    10. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30, 30A, 30B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9,

    wobei ein Anzeigebereich, der aus dem ersten Bereich (31A) und dem zweiten Bereich (32A) gebildet wird, kreisförmig ist; und

    wobei der erste Bereich (31A) und der zweite Bereich (32A) so vorgesehen sind, dass sie sich in einer fächerartigen oder bogenartigen Form mit einer obersten Position des Anzeigebereichs als Begrenzung erstrecken.


     
    11. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30, 30A, 30B) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10,

    wobei der zweite Bereich (32A) eine Motordrehzahl des Verbrennungsmotors (12) angibt; und

    wobei sich der zweite Anzeigeabschnitt (37) in Abhängigkeit von der Motordrehzahl des Verbrennungsmotors (12) ändert.


     
    12. Anzeigeeinrichtung (30B) nach einem der Ansprüche 4, 8, 9, 10 und 11,
    wobei der erste Anzeigeabschnitt (36A) und der zweite Anzeigeabschnitt (37) Nadeln sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'affichage (30, 30A, 30B) pour un véhicule hybride (10) qui affiche au moins une de sorties liées au déplacement du véhicule hybride, le dispositif d'affichage comprenant :

    une première zone (31A) configurée pour indiquer une première sortie dans un premier mode dans lequel le déplacement est effectué avec un moteur électrique (11) tandis qu'un moteur à combustion interne (12) est arrêté et pour indiquer une seconde sortie dans un second mode dans lequel le déplacement est effectué avec le moteur à combustion interne (12) et le moteur électrique (11) étant tous deux actionnés ;

    une deuxième zone (32A) prévue côte à côte avec la première zone (31A) et configurée pour indiquer une troisième sortie dans le deuxième mode ; et

    une troisième zone (33A) prévue dans une position adjacente à la deuxième zone (32A), incluse dans la première zone (31A), et configurée pour indiquer une plage de la première sortie où une possibilité que le moteur à combustion interne (12) démarre est élevée,

    dans lequel la première zone (31A) a une première partie d'affichage (36, 36A) qui change selon la première sortie dans le premier mode et la seconde sortie dans le second mode ; et

    dans lequel la deuxième zone (32A) a une deuxième partie d'affichage (37) qui change en fonction de la troisième sortie dans le deuxième mode,

    le dispositif d'affichage étant caractérisé en ce que

    la première partie d'affichage (36, 36A) et la deuxième partie d'affichage (37) sont prévues respectivement ; et en ce que

    dans le premier mode, la seconde partie d'affichage (37) est fixée à un point de départ de la seconde zone (32A).


     
    2. Dispositif d'affichage (30, 30A, 30B) selon la revendication 1,

    dans lequel une ligne de sectionnement (L1) indiquant un point de départ de la troisième zone (33A) est prévue dans la première zone (31A) ; et

    dans lequel la ligne de sectionnement (L1) n'est pas affichée dans le second mode.


     
    3. Dispositif d'affichage (30, 30A, 30B) selon la revendication 2,
    dans lequel la ligne de sectionnement (L1) devient non affichée en réponse à un passage du premier mode au second mode.
     
    4. Dispositif d'affichage (30B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,
    dans lequel la première partie d'affichage (36A) et la seconde partie d'affichage (37) sont représentées dans les mêmes formes d'affichage.
     
    5. Dispositif d'affichage (30A) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,
    dans lequel la première partie d'affichage (36) et la seconde partie d'affichage (37) sont montrées dans des formes d'affichage différentes.
     
    6. Dispositif d'affichage (30A) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,
    dans lequel la première partie d'affichage (36) est une image d'une figure en forme de ceinture.
     
    7. Dispositif d'affichage (30, 30A, 30B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,
    dans lequel la seconde partie d'affichage (37) est une aiguille.
     
    8. Dispositif d'affichage (30, 30A, 30B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7,
    dans lequel la première sortie et la seconde sortie indiquent le même paramètre de sortie.
     
    9. Dispositif d'affichage (30, 30A, 30B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8,

    dans lequel la seconde sortie indique une sortie du moteur électrique (11) ou une sortie d'une batterie (13) connectée au moteur électrique (11) ; et

    dans lequel la première partie d'affichage (36, 36A) change selon la sortie du moteur électrique (11) ou la sortie de la batterie (13) connectée au moteur électrique (11) dans le second mode.


     
    10. Dispositif d'affichage (30, 30A, 30B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9,

    dans lequel une zone d'affichage formée de la première zone (31A) et de la seconde zone (32A) a la forme d'un cercle ; et

    dans lequel la première zone (31A) et la seconde zone (32A) sont prévues de manière à s'étendre l'une sur l'autre en forme d'éventail ou d'arc avec une position la plus haute de la zone d'affichage comme limite.


     
    11. Dispositif d'affichage (30, 30A, 30B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10,

    dans lequel la deuxième zone (32A) indique un régime moteur du moteur à combustion interne (12) ; et

    dans lequel la seconde partie d'affichage (37) change en fonction de la vitesse du moteur à combustion interne (12).


     
    12. Dispositif d'affichage (30B) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4, 8, 9, 10 et 11,
    dans lequel la première partie d'affichage (36A) et la seconde partie d'affichage (37) sont des aiguilles.
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description