(19)
(11)EP 3 758 208 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
30.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/53

(21)Application number: 20155379.9

(22)Date of filing:  04.02.2020
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02M 1/36(2007.01)
H02M 3/335(2006.01)
H02M 1/00(2006.01)
H02M 7/48(2007.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 24.06.2019 CN 201910550495

(71)Applicant: Sungrow Power Supply Co., Ltd.
Hefei, Anhui 230088 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHAO, Tao
    Hefei, Anhui 230088 (CN)
  • ZHUANG, Fushuai
    Hefei, Anhui 230088 (CN)
  • WANG, Xinyu
    Hefei, Anhui 230088 (CN)
  • ZHUANG, Jiacai
    Hefei, Anhui 230088 (CN)
  • WANG, Mingda
    Hefei, Anhui 230088 (CN)
  • ZHUANG, Yuan
    Hefei, Anhui 230088 (CN)

(74)Representative: Epping - Hermann - Fischer 
Patentanwaltsgesellschaft mbH Schloßschmidstraße 5
80639 München
80639 München (DE)

  


(54)TWO-STAGE CONVERTER AND METHOD FOR STARTING THE SAME, LLC CONVERTER, AND APPLICATION SYSTEM


(57) A two-stage converter, a method for starting the two-stage converter, an LLC converter, and an application system are provided. A controller of the LLC converter of the two-stage converter first controls a main circuit of the LLC converter to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval, so that the direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter gradually increases, until an auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter starts to operate, to supply power to the controller of the later-stage converter. After the controller of the later-stage converter reports the detected direct current bus voltage, the controller of the LLC converter determines whether the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup starting voltage. If so, the controller of the LLC converter controls the main circuit to operate in a hiccup voltage stabilization phase.




Description


[0001] The present application claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 201910550495.8, titled "TWO-STAGE CONVERTER AND METHOD FOR STARTING THE SAME, LLC CONVERTER, AND APPLICATION SYSTEM", filed on June 24, 2019 with the Chinese Patent Office.

FIELD



[0002] The present disclosure relates to the technical field of automatic control, and in particular to a two-stage converter and a method for starting the two-stage converter, an LLC converter, and an application system.

BACKGROUND



[0003] A two-stage converter having an LLC topology can be used to achieve isolation conversion of electric energy. For example, each module in each phase of a three-phase cascaded modular photovoltaic solid-state transformer shown in Figure 1 includes an isolation direct current to direct current (DC/DC) converter and an H-bridge converter. In a case that the isolation DC/DC converter is implemented by an LLC converter, each module is a two-stage converter having an LLC topology. The two-stage converter having an LLC topology may have a two-level topology structure as shown in Figure 2 or a three-level topology structure as shown in Figure 3.

[0004] In a system shown in Figure 1, the isolation function is performed by a high-frequency transformer of a former-stage LLC converter in each module. Further, the system can be directly connected to a medium-voltage grid of 35kV by arranging a certain number of the modules, so that an unwieldy industrial frequency isolation transformer can be omitted, thereby decreasing a weight and a volume of the system. However, a controller of the H-bridge converter can only acquire power from a bus voltage of the H-bridge converter via a corresponding auxiliary power supply, instead of a bus voltage of the LLC converter (as shown in Figure 4). Therefore, when starting the entire system as shown in Figure 1, in order to enable the controller of the H-bridge converter in each module of the system, it is required to charge the direct current bus of each H-bridge converter first.

[0005] In the conventional technology, when starting the system, the direct current bus of each H-bridge converter is usually powered via a grid by using a circuit structure as shown in Figure 5a. A specific process is described as follows. First, a switch S1 is turned on. The grid charges the direct current bus of the H-bridge converter via a soft-start resistor R and an inductor L. When a direct current bus voltage of the H-bridge converter reaches a preset value, a switch S2 is turned on, so that the soft-start resistor R is bypassed, to decrease power loss of the system. Although this charging method is simple and reliable, the switch S2 and the soft-start resistor R are required, which increases a volume and cost of the system.

SUMMARY



[0006] A two-stage converter and a method for starting the two-stage converter, an LLC converter, and an application system are provided in the present disclosure, to solve a problem of a large volume and high cost of the system in the conventional technology due to addition of a switch and a soft-start resistor for charging a direct current bus of an H-bridge converter.

[0007] To solve the above problem, technical solutions of the present disclosure are described as follows.

[0008] A method for starting a two-stage converter is provided according to an aspect of the present disclosure. The method for starting a two-stage converter is applied to a controller of an LLC converter of the two-stage converter and includes: controlling a main circuit of the LLC converter to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval, to operate an auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter to supply power to a controller of the later-stage converter; determining whether an output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup starting voltage based on a direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter that is detected and reported by the controller of the later-stage converter; and controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to operate in a hiccup voltage stabilization phase, if the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to the hiccup starting voltage.

[0009] In an embodiment, the preset interval includes a charging section and a waiting section. The controlling a main circuit of the LLC converter to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval includes: controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter during the charging section; and performing gate-driver blocking control on the main circuit of the LLC converter during the waiting section.

[0010] In an embodiment, the controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter includes one of: controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a phase shift angle of each of a left bridge arm and a right bridge arm in the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from 180°, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter; controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a duty cycle of a drive signal of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually increase from zero, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter; and controlling, in a variable-frequency modulation manner, a switching frequency of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from a preset initial value, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter.

[0011] In an embodiment, the controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to operate in a hiccup voltage stabilization phase includes: performing gate-driver blocking control on the main circuit of the LLC converter if the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup peak voltage; and controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to restart charging if the output voltage of the LLC converter decreases to a hiccup valley voltage.

[0012] In an embodiment, the controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to restart charging includes one of: controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a phase shift angle of each of a left bridge arm and a right bridge arm in the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from 180°, to start charging; controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a duty cycle of a drive signal of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually increase from zero, to start charging; and controlling, in a variable-frequency modulation manner, a switching frequency of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from a preset initial value, to start charging.

[0013] In an embodiment, after the controlling a main circuit of the LLC converter to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval, the method for starting a two-stage converter further includes: determining whether communication information from the later-stage converter is received; establishing a communication connection with the later-stage converter, and performing the determining whether an output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup starting voltage based on a direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter that is detected and reported by the controller of the later-stage converter, if the communication information from the later-stage converter is received; and performing the gate-driver blocking control on the main circuit of the LLC converter if no communication information from the later-stage converter is received in a preset time period.

[0014] In an embodiment, the preset time period is equal to N times the preset interval, where N is a positive integer.

[0015] An LLC converter of a two-stage converter is provided according to another aspect of the present disclosure. The LLC converter of a two-stage converter includes a main circuit, an auxiliary power supply, and a controller. The controller is configured to perform any of the above described methods for starting a two-stage converter. A direct current bus at an input end of the main circuit is configured to supply power to the controller via the auxiliary power supply.

[0016] A two-stage converter is provided according to a third aspect of the present disclosure. The two-stage converter includes the above described LLC converter of a two-stage converter, and a later-stage converter connected to an output end of the LLC converter. A controller of the LLC converter is in a communication connection with a controller of the later-stage converter. The controller of the later-stage converter is powered by a direct current bus at an input end of a main circuit of the later-stage converter via another auxiliary power supply.

[0017] In an embodiment, the later-stage converter is an H-bridge converter.

[0018] An application system is provided according to a fourth aspect of the present disclosure. The application system includes the above described two-stage converter.

[0019] In the method for starting a two-stage converter according to the present disclosure, the controller of the LLC converter of the two-stage converter first controls the main circuit of the LLC converter to perform the hiccup charging on the direct current bus of the later-stage converter at a preset interval, so that the direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter gradually increases, until the auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter starts to operate, so as to supply power to the controller of the later-stage converter. After the controller of the later-stage converter reports the detected direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter, the controller of the LLC converter determines whether the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup starting voltage based on the received direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter. If the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to the hiccup starting voltage, the controller of the LLC converter controls the main circuit of the LLC converter to operates in a hiccup voltage stabilization phase, so as to provide a stable direct current bus voltage to the later-stage converter by the LLC converter instead of the switch and the soft-start resistor required in the conventional technology, thereby solving the problem of a large volume and high cost of the system in the conventional technology.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0020] In order to more clearly illustrate technical solutions in embodiments of the present disclosure or in the conventional technology, the drawings to be used in the description of the embodiments or the conventional technology are briefly described below. Apparently, the drawings in the following description show only some embodiments of the present disclosure, and other drawings may be obtained by those skilled in the art from the drawings without any creative work.

Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a three-phase cascaded modular photovoltaic solid-state transformer according to the conventional technology;

Figures 2 and 3 are two circuit diagrams of a two-stage converter according to the conventional technology;

Figure 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a two-stage converter according to the conventional technology;

Figures 5a to 5c are schematic diagrams showing three methods for charging an H-bridge converter according to the conventional technology;

Figures 6a and 6b are flowcharts of a method for starting a two-stage converter according to embodiments of the present disclosure; and

Figure 7 is a schematic diagram showing a waveform of an output voltage of an LLC converter according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0021] Technical solutions in the embodiments of the present disclosure are described clearly and completely in conjunction with the drawings in the embodiments of the present disclosure hereinafter. It is apparent that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present disclosure, rather than all embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present disclosure without any creative work fall within the protection scope of the present disclosure.

[0022] When starting a system of a two-stage converter, a voltage of a direct current bus at an input side of a later-stage converter (for example, H-bridge converters in Figure 2 and Figure 3) is zero or cannot reach a starting voltage of an auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter. Therefore, a controller of the later-stage converter cannot operate normally, and thus the direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter cannot be sampled or communicated, so that a controller of an LLC converter cannot acquire an output voltage of the LLC converter. In this scenario, neither the controller of the LLC converter nor the controller of the later-stage converter can sample the output voltage of the LLC converter or perform software protection on the output voltage of the LLC converter, and a hardware protection circuit cannot operate normally.

[0023] In this case, the LLC converter operates in a no-load starting mode. In a case that the system is not protected, an improper starting may easily result in an overvoltage of the output voltage and damage to a device. In order to avoid the above case and to solve the problem of a large volume and high cost of the system in the conventional technology due to addition of a switch and a soft-start resistor for charging a direct current bus of an H-bridge converter, a method for starting a two-stage converter is provided in the present disclosure. The method for starting a two-stage converter is applied to a controller of an LLC converter of the two-stage converter. In this two-stage converter, a converter at a former stage has an LLC topology, as shown in Figure 2 or Figure 3. Apparently, the converter at the former stage may also be in other forms, which is not limited herein.

[0024] Referring to Figure 6a, the method for starting a two-stage converter includes the following steps S101 to S103.

[0025] In step S101, a main circuit of the LLC converter is controlled to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval, to operate an auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter to supply power to a controller of the later-stage converter.

[0026] The auxiliary power supply of the controller of the later-stage converter requires a certain time period, usually a few seconds, to be started. Therefore, in step S101 of this embodiment, by charging in the hiccup manner, an intermittent charging including charging and waiting is performed on the direct current bus of the later-stage converter at the preset interval, to avoid a case that the output voltage of the LLC converter increases too fast to start the auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter.

[0027] Referring to Figure 7, the preset interval includes a charging section (as a time period denoted by Δt1 in Figure 7) and a waiting section (as a time period denoted by Δt2 in Figure 7). In this step, the main circuit of the LLC converter is controlled to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval in a way of controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter during the charging section, and performing gate-driver blocking control on the main circuit of the LLC converter during the waiting section. The gate-driver blocking control on the main circuit of the LLC converter refers to controlling all switches in the main circuit of the LLC converter to be turned off.

[0028] In some embodiments, the main circuit of the LLC converter is controlled to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter during the charging section in one of the following ways of controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a phase shift angle of each of a left bridge arm and a right bridge arm in the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from 180°, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter; controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a duty cycle of a drive signal of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually increase from zero, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter; and controlling, in a variable-frequency modulation manner, a switching frequency of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from a preset initial value, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter.

[0029] That is, at a beginning of each charging section, in a case that the LLC converter adopts the fixed-frequency modulation manner, the phase shift angle of each of the left bridge arm and the right bridge arm in the main circuit of the LLC converter is gradually decreased from 180°, or the duty cycle is gradually increased from 0. In a case that the LLC converter adopts the variable-frequency modulation manner, the switching frequency of the main circuit of the LLC converter is gradually decreased from a large preset initial value. In this way, it is avoided to have large impulses of a resonant inductor current and an output voltage of the LLC converter when starting the system, thereby achieving further protection of the system.

[0030] In step S102, whether the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup starting voltage is determined based on a direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter that is detected and reported by the controller of the later-stage converter.

[0031] In step S101, in each preset interval, the LLC converter is started during the time period Δt1, and is wave-blocked during the time period Δt2. In this way, the output voltage of the LLC converter, i.e., the direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter, gradually increases, which presents a step-like shape including multiple time periods Δt1 and time periods Δt2 in a front part of Figure 7.

[0032] The direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter gradually increases, and first reaches an operating voltage VST1 of the auxiliary power supply of the controller of the later-stage converter. After a time period, the auxiliary power supply starts normally and supplies power to the controller of the later-stage converter. The controller of the later-stage converter starts to operate and establishes a communication connection with the controller of the LLC converter. Then, after detecting the direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter, the controller of the later-stage converter transmits the direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter to the controller of the LLC converter through communication, so that the controller of the LLC converter knows the direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter, i.e., the output voltage of the LLC converter.

[0033] Before the communication connection is established, the controller of the LLC converter cannot know the output voltage of the LLC converter. Therefore, the LLC converter operates in a blind charging phase as shown in Figure 7.

[0034] After receiving information transmitted by the controller of the later-stage converter, the controller of the LLC converter performs software protection on the output voltage of the LLC converter based on the received information. That is, the LLC converter operates in a software protection valid phase shown in Figure 7. In this phase, the controller of the LLC converter always determines whether the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup starting voltage VST2. If the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to the hiccup starting voltage VST2, step S 103 is performed.

[0035] In step S103, the main circuit of the LLC converter is controlled to operate in a hiccup voltage stabilization phase.

[0036] In the hiccup voltage stabilization phase shown in Figure 7, when the controller of the LLC converter detects through communication that the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup peak voltage VP2, the gate-driver blocking control is performed on the main circuit of the LLC converter. Due to consumption by the auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter, the output voltage of the LLC converter decreases. When the output voltage of the LLC converter decreases to a hiccup valley voltage VP1, the controller of the LLC converter controls the main circuit of the LLC converter to restart charging. The process is repeated so that the output voltage of the LLC converter can be stabilized in a certain range.

[0037] In some embodiments, similar to the hiccup charging during the blind charging phase, the main circuit of the LLC converter is controlled to restart charging in one of the following ways of controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a phase shift angle of each of a left bridge arm and a right bridge arm in the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from 180°, to start charging; controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a duty cycle of a drive signal of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually increase from zero, to start charging; and controlling, in a variable-frequency modulation manner, a switching frequency of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from a preset initial value, to start charging.

[0038] That is, every time when the LLC converter restarts charging in the hiccup voltage stabilization phase, in a case that the LLC converter adopts the fixed-frequency modulation manner, the phase shift angle of each of the left bridge arm and the right bridge arm in the main circuit of the LLC converter is gradually decreased from 180°, or the duty cycle is gradually increased from 0. In a case that the LLC converter adopts the variable-frequency modulation manner, the switching frequency of the main circuit of the LLC converter is gradually decreased from a large preset initial value. In this way, it is avoided to have large impulses of the resonant inductor current and the output voltage of the LLC converter when starting the system. In this phase, the LLC converter can acquire the output voltage of the LLC converter through communication. Therefore, once an overvoltage is outputted, the system can be protected by software. That is, the LLC converter operates in the software protection valid phase.

[0039] With the starting method including a hiccup blind charging phase and a hiccup voltage stabilization phase, the two-stage converter having an LLC topology as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3 can be started safely and smoothly without adding the switch and the soft-start resistor as in the conventional technology, thereby solving the problem of a large volume and high cost of the system in the conventional technology.

[0040] It is noted that there is also a charging solution as shown in Figure 5b in the conventional technology. In the charging solution, a former-stage LLC converter provides a direct current bus voltage to a later-stage converter. However, in this solution, the output voltage of the LLC converter cannot be acquired before a controller of an H-bridge converter is started. Therefore, an additional voltage detection function is required to perform voltage stabilization control and over-voltage protection. Otherwise, when directly starting the LLC converter in a case of no load or a small load, a device may be damaged instantly due to a large surge current in a short time. Further, the output voltage of the LLC converter may reach a high voltage at the instant of starting, which may result in an overvoltage of the device. Therefore, a solution as shown in Figure 5c is provided in the conventional technology. That is, a dummy load is added to an output side of the LLC converter, so that a load of the LLC converter is increased, thereby facilitating control of the output voltage of the LLC converter when starting the system. After the system is started, the dummy load is removed to decrease unnecessary power loss of the system. However, for a high-voltage and high-power converter, an additional dummy load may increase a volume of the system, which impacts the power density of the entire converter.

[0041] However, with the method for starting a two-stage converter in the above embodiments, the direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter can be provided without adding any hardware. No additional voltage detection function or a dummy load is required, thereby solving a problem of high cost, a large volume or low power density of the system in the conventional technology.

[0042] Another method for starting a two-stage converter is provided according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. Based on the above embodiments as shown in Figure 6a and Figure 7, in an embodiment as shown in Figure 6b, after step S101 of controlling a main circuit of the LLC converter to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval, the method for starting a two-stage converter further includes the following steps S201 to S203.

[0043] In step S201, it is determined whether communication information from the later-stage converter is received.

[0044] If the communication information from the later-stage converter is received, steps S202 and S102 are sequentially performed. If no communication information from the later-stage converter is received in a preset time period, step S203 is performed.

[0045] In step S202, a communication connection with the later-stage converter is established.

[0046] In step S203, the gate-driver blocking control is performed on the main circuit of the LLC converter.

[0047] In an embodiment, the preset time period is equal to N times the preset intervals, where N is a positive integer. That is, if the controller of the LLC converter receives no communication information from the controller of the later-stage converter in multiple consecutive time periods (Δt1+Δt2), a fault may occur in the LLC converter, the auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter or the communication function between their controllers. Therefore, the gate-driver blocking control is required to be directly performed on the LLC converter. If the gate-driver blocking control is not performed in time, the output voltage of the LLC converter may reach a high voltage, which may damage a device. After receiving information from the controller of the later-stage converter through communication, the controller of the LLC converter acquires the output voltage of the LLC converter based on the received information, and performs software protection on the output voltage of the LLC converter.

[0048] Based on the above embodiments, in this embodiment, hiccup charging including charging and waiting is performed in the blind charging phase, and if the controller of the LLC converter receives no communication information from the controller of the later-stage converter through communication in a certain time period, it is considered that the system has a fault, thereby protecting the device from damage.

[0049] An LLC converter of a two-stage converter is further provided according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. The LLC converter of a two-stage converter includes a main circuit, an auxiliary power supply, and a controller.

[0050] A direct current bus at an input end of the main circuit is configured to supply power to the controller via the auxiliary power supply (as shown in Figure 4).

[0051] Further, a structure of the main circuit may be as shown in Figures 2 to 4, or may be in other forms. Any structure of the main circuit having an LLC topology is within the protection scope of the present disclosure.

[0052] The controller is configured to perform the method for starting a two-stage converter described in any one of the above embodiments, which are not repeated herein.

[0053] A two-stage converter is further provided according to another embodiment of the present disclosure. The two-stage converter includes an LLC converter, and a later-stage converter connected to an output end of the LLC converter.

[0054] A controller of the LLC converter is in a communication connection with a controller of the later-stage converter.

[0055] The controller of the later-stage converter is powered by a direct current bus at an input end of a main circuit of the later-stage converter via another auxiliary power supply.

[0056] In an embodiment, the later-stage converter is an H-bridge converter.

[0057] The controller of the LLC converter is as described in the above embodiments, which are not repeated herein.

[0058] The two-stage converter may be as shown in Figures 2 to 4. It should be noted that reference signs M, N, and O in Figures 3 and 4 are used to show connection relationship between nodes. In actual applications, each switch in Figures 2 to 4 is not limited to the form as shown, but may be implemented by an insulated gate bipolar translator (IGBT) or a metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET), depending on specific application environment. All two-stage converters having an LLC topology and using the above described method for starting a two-stage converter are within the protection scope of the present disclosure.

[0059] Further, any system including the two-stage converter, for example, the three-phase cascaded modular photovoltaic solid-state transformer shown in Figure 1, is within the protection scope of the present disclosure.

[0060] The embodiments in this specification are described in a progressive way, each of which emphasizes the differences from others, and the same or similar parts among the embodiments can be referred to each other. Since the device disclosed in the embodiments corresponds to the method therein, the description thereof is relatively simple, and for relevant matters references may be made to the description of the method.

[0061] The above described embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present disclosure and are not meant to limit the present disclosure. Those skilled in the art may make, based on the disclosed method and technical content, some variations and improvements on the technical solutions of the present disclosure, or make some equivalent variations on the embodiments without departing from the scope of the technical solutions. All simple modifications, equivalent variations and improvements made based on the technical essence fall in the scope of the technical solutions of the present disclosure.


Claims

1. A method for starting a two-stage converter, applied to a controller of an LLC converter of the two-stage converter, and the method comprising:

controlling a main circuit of the LLC converter to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval, to operate an auxiliary power supply of the later-stage converter to supply power to a controller of the later-stage converter;

determining whether an output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup starting voltage based on a direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter that is detected and reported by the controller of the later-stage converter; and

controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to operate in a hiccup voltage stabilization phase, if the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to the hiccup starting voltage.


 
2. The method for starting a two-stage converter according to claim 1, wherein
the preset interval comprises a charging section and a waiting section; and
the controlling a main circuit of the LLC converter to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval comprises:

controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter during the charging section; and

performing gate-driver blocking control on the main circuit of the LLC converter during the waiting section.


 
3. The method for starting a two-stage converter according to claim 2, wherein the controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter comprises one of:

controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a phase shift angle of each of a left bridge arm and a right bridge arm in the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from 180°, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter;

controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a duty cycle of a drive signal of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually increase from zero, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter; and

controlling, in a variable-frequency modulation manner, a switching frequency of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from a preset initial value, to charge the direct current bus of the later-stage converter.


 
4. The method for starting a two-stage converter according to claim 1, wherein the controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to operate in a hiccup voltage stabilization phase comprises:

performing gate-driver blocking control on the main circuit of the LLC converter if the output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup peak voltage; and

controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to restart charging if the output voltage of the LLC converter decreases to a hiccup valley voltage.


 
5. The method for starting a two-stage converter according to claim 4, wherein the controlling the main circuit of the LLC converter to restart charging comprises one of:

controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a phase shift angle of each of a left bridge arm and a right bridge arm in the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from 180°, to start charging;

controlling, in a fixed-frequency modulation manner, a duty cycle of a drive signal of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually increase from zero, to start charging; and

controlling, in a variable-frequency modulation manner, a switching frequency of the main circuit of the LLC converter to gradually decrease from a preset initial value, to start charging.


 
6. The method for starting a two-stage converter according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein after the controlling a main circuit of the LLC converter to perform hiccup charging on a direct current bus of a later-stage converter at a preset interval, the method further comprises:

determining whether communication information from the later-stage converter is received;

establishing a communication connection with the later-stage converter, and performing the determining whether an output voltage of the LLC converter increases to a hiccup starting voltage based on a direct current bus voltage of the later-stage converter that is detected and reported by the controller of the later-stage converter, if the communication information from the later-stage converter is received; and

performing gate-driver blocking control on the main circuit of the LLC converter if no communication information from the later-stage converter is received in a preset time period.


 
7. The method for starting a two-stage converter according to claim 6, wherein the preset time period is equal to N times the preset interval, where N is a positive integer.
 
8. An LLC converter of a two-stage converter, comprising:

a main circuit;

an auxiliary power supply; and

a controller, wherein

the controller is configured to perform the method for starting a two-stage converter according to any one of claims 1 to 7; and

a direct current bus at an input end of the main circuit is configured to supply power to the controller via the auxiliary power supply.


 
9. A two-stage converter, comprising:

the LLC converter of a two-stage converter according to claim 8; and

the later-stage converter connected to an output end of the LLC converter, wherein

the controller of the LLC converter is in a communication connection with the controller of the later-stage converter; and

the controller of the later-stage converter is powered by a direct current bus at an input end of a main circuit of the later-stage converter via another auxiliary power supply.


 
10. The two-stage converter according to claim 9, wherein the later-stage converter is an H-bridge converter.
 
11. An application system comprising the two-stage converter according to claim 9.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description