(19)
(11)EP 3 763 695 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
13.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/02

(21)Application number: 20184239.0

(22)Date of filing:  06.07.2020
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07C 17/26(2006.01)
C07C 41/50(2006.01)
C07C 45/42(2006.01)
C07C 21/04(2006.01)
C07C 43/303(2006.01)
C07C 47/21(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 09.07.2019 JP 2019127829

(71)Applicant: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
Tokyo 100-0004 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MIYAKE, Yuki
    Niigata, Niigata 942-8601 (JP)
  • KINSHO, Takeshi
    Niigata, Niigata 942-8601 (JP)
  • KOMATSU, Ryo
    Niigata, Niigata 942-8601 (JP)

(74)Representative: De Vries & Metman 
Overschiestraat 180
1062 XK Amsterdam
1062 XK Amsterdam (NL)

  


(54)11-HALO-3-UNDECENE COMPOUND AND A PROCESS FOR PREPARING THE SAME AND A PROCESS FOR PREPARING 9-DODECENAL COMPOUND


(57) The present invention provides a process for preparing an 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) in which X1 represents a halogen atom, the process comprising a step of subjecting a nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound (5): in which M2 represents Li or MgZ2, wherein Z2 represents a halogen atom or a 3-hexenyl group, to a coupling reaction with a 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) in which X3 and X4 may be same with or different from each other and represent a halogen atom, to produce the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7). The present invention also provides a process for preparing a 9-dodecenal compound (4): the process comprising a step of subjecting a nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1) in which M1 represents Li or MgZ1, wherein Z1 represents a halogen atom or an 8-undecenyl group, and an orthoformic ester compound (2) in which R may be same with or different from each other and represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, to a nucleophilic substitution reaction to produce a 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) in which R are as defined above; and hydrolyzing the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) thus obtained to produce the 9-dodecenal compound (4).




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to an 11-halo-3-undecene compound and a process for preparing the same and a process for preparing a 9-dodecenal compound.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] Setothosea asigna and Setora nitens, which are a kind of Nettle caterpillar, are serious pests against palms in Southeast Asia, These pests eat palm leaves to kill the trees. This causes a problem that a yield of palm fruits is seriously reduced. Further, these pests injure also young trees, which is a major problem in raising plantations. At present, insecticides are used. Coconut oil is used also as food. Therefore, residual pesticide may be problematic. Accordingly, biological control methods have been attracting attention, and utilization of sex pheromone substances is expected as one of them (Non-Patent Literatures 1 and 2, as listed below).

[0003] It is reported that a sex pheromone of Setothosea asigna is a mixture of (9E) -9,11-dodecadienal and (9E)-9-dodecenal (Non-Patent Literature 1). Further, it is reported that a sex pheromone of Setora nitens is a mixture of (9Z)-9,11-dodecadienal and (9Z)-9-dodecenal (Non-Patent Literature 2).

[0004] The following methods are reported to produce these sex pheromones. It is reported that (9E)-9-dodecenal, sex pheromone of Setothosea asigna, can be produced by pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC) oxidation of (9E)-9-dodecenol (Non-Patent Literature 1). It is reported that (9Z)-9-dodecenal, sex pheromone of Setora nitens, can be produced by pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC) oxidation or Swern oxidation of (9Z)-9-dodecenol (Non-Patent Literatures 2 and 3, as listed below).

LIST OF THE PRIORART


[Non-Patent Literatures]



[0005] 

[Non-Patent Literature1] Gerhard, Gries et al., 1997, J. Chem. Ecol. 23 (9): 2187-2196.

[Non-Patent Literature2] Gerhard Gries et al., 2000, J. Chem. Ecol. 26 (8): 1969-1981.

[Non-Patent Literature3] Tidwell Thomas T., 1990, Organic Reactions, 39, "Oxidation of Alcohols to Carbonyl compounds via Alkcoxysulfonium Ylides: The Moffatt, Swem, and Related Oxidations."


SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0006] However, the production methods reported in Non-Patent Literatures 1 and 2 comprise an oxidation reaction with a chromium compound having an extremely large environmental load and, further, the oxidation reaction often involves a danger of explosion. Accordingly, implementation of the methods in an industrial scale is difficult.

[0007] In the production method reported in Non-Patent Literature 3, a toxic carbon monoxide gas and bad-smelling dimethyl sulfide are by-produced, so that a special reaction apparatus is required, and implementation in an industrial scale is difficult. Another problem is that the yield in the reaction is as low as 19%.

[0008] The present invention aims it to overcome the aforesaid problems of the prior art, and provides an 11-halo-3-undecene compound which is useful as an intermediate for a nucleophilic reagent used in preparing a 9-dodecenal compound, a method of preparing the 11-halo-3-undecene compound, and a method for preparing a 9-dodecenal compound using the 11-halo-3-undecene compound.

[0009] As a result of the intensive researches, the present inventors have prepared an 11-halo-3-undecene compound, and further found that the 9-dodecenal compound can be prepared efficiently and with a high geometric purity using the 11-halo-3-undecene compound, and thus have completed the present invention.

[0010] According to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process for preparing an 11-halo-3-undecene compound of the following general formula (7):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7X1     (7)

in which X1 represents a halogen atom,
the process comprising a step of
subjecting a nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound, of the following general formula (5):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)2M2     (5)

in which M2 represents Li or MgZ2, wherein Z2 represents a halogen atom or a 3-hexenyl group,
to a coupling reaction with a 1-halo-5-halopentane compound of the general formula (6):

         X3(CH2)5X4     (6)

in which X3 and X4 may be same with or different from each other and represent a halogen atom,
to produce the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7).

[0011] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process for preparing a nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound, of the following general formula (1):

         CH3CH2CH = CH(CH2)7M1     (1)

in which M1 represents Li or MgZ1, wherein Z1 represents a halogen atom or an 8-undecenyl group,
the process comprising a step of

the aforesaid process for preparing the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7); and

preparing the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) thus obtained.



[0012] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process for preparing a 9-dodecenal compound of the following formula (4):

         CH3CH2CH = CH(CH2)7CHO     (4)

the process comprising steps of

the aforesaid process for preparing the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1);

subjecting the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1) thus obtained to a nucleophilic substitution reaction with an orthofomaic ester compound of the following general formula (2):

in which R may be same with or different from each other and represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
to produce a 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound of the following general formula (3):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7CH(OR)2     (3)

in which R is as defined above; and

hydrolyzing the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) thus obtained to produce the 9-dodecenal compound (4).



[0013] Alternatively, According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process for preparing a 9-dodecenal compound of the following formula (4):

         CH3CH2CH = CH(CH2)7CHO     (4)

the process comprising steps of

preparing a nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound, of the following general formula (1)

         CH3CH2CH = CH(CH2)7M1     (1)

in which M1 represents Li or MgZ1, wherein Z1 represents a halogen atom or an 8-undecenyl group

from an 11-halo-3-undecene compound of the following general formula (7):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7X1     (7)

in which X1 represents a halogen atom;

subjecting, the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1) thus obtained, to a nucleophilic substitution reaction with an orthoformic ester compound of the following general formula (2):

in which R may be same with or different from each other and represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
to produce a 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound of the following general fonnula (3):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7CH(OR)2     (3)

in which R is as defined above; and

hydrolyzing the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) thus obtained to produce the 9-dodecenal compound (4).



[0014] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an 11-halo-3-mdecene compound of the following general formula (7):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7X1     (7)

in which X1 represents a halogen atom.

[0015] The 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) of the present invention is useful in producing the 9-dodecenal compound (4).

[0016] According to the present invention, the 9-dodecenal compound (4) can be prepared in a high yield without an oxidation reaction.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENITON



[0017] First, the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) will be explained, which is a raw material in the preparation of the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1).

[0018] The 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) may be produced by subjecting a nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound, of the following general formula (5) to a coupling reaction with a 1-halo-5-halopentane compound of the following general formula (6) to produce the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7), as shown in the following chemical reaction formula.



[0019] M2 in the nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound (5), represents Li or MgZ2, wherein Z2 represents a halogen atom or a 3-hexenyl group. Examples of the halogen atom, Z2, include a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, and an iodine atom.

[0020] Examples of the nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound (5), include a nucleophilic reagent, (3E)-3-hexenyl compound of the following general formula (5-1), a nucleophilic reagent, (3Z)-3-hexenyl compound of the following general formula (5-2), and a mixture thereof.



[0021] Examples of the nucleophilic reagent, (3E)-3-hexenyl compound (5-1), include (3E)-3-hexenyl lithium; and (3E)-3-hexenylmagnesium halide reagent (Grignard reagent) such as (3E)-3-hexenylmagnesium chloride, (3E)-3-hexenylmagnesium bromide and (3E)-3-hexenylmagnesium iodide, with (3E)-3-hexenylmagnesium halide reagent being preferred in view of the versatility.

[0022] Examples of the nucleophilic reagent, (3Z)-3-hexenyl compound (5-2), include (3Z)-3-hexenyl lithium; and (3Z)-3-hexenylmagnesium halide reagent (Grignard reagent) such as (3Z)-3-hexenylmagnesium chloride, (3Z)-3-hexenylmagnesium bromide and (3Z)-3-hexenylmagnesium iodide, with (3Z)-3-hexenylmagnesium halide reagent being preferred in view of the versatility.

[0023] The nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound (5), may be used either alone or in combination thereof.

[0024] For instance, a mixture of the (3E)-11-halo-3-undecene compound and the (3Z)-11-halo-3-undecene compound is synthesized from a mixture of the nucleophilic reagent: (3E)-3-hexenyl compound (5-1), and the nucleophilic reagent: (3Z)-3-hexenyl compound (5-2).

[0025] The nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound (5), may be commercially available one or may be synthesized in house.

[0026] The nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound (5), can be prepared from a 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8), as shown in the following chemical reaction formula.

[0027] For instance, the 3-hexenylmagnesium halide (5: M2 = MgZ2) such as the (3E)-3-hexenylmagnesium halide and the (3Z)-3-hexenylmagnesium halide may be produced by reacting the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) with magnesium in a solvent to produce the 3-hexenylmagnesium halide (5: M2 = MgZ2), as shown in the following chemical reaction formula.



[0028] X2 in the1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) represents a halogen atom. Examples of the halogen atom, X2, include a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, and an iodine atom.

[0029] Examples of the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) include (3E)-1-halo-3-hexene compound of the following general formula (8-1), (3Z)-1-halo-3-hexene compound of the following general formula (8-2), and a mixture thereof.



[0030] Examples of the (3E)-1-halo-3-hexene compound (8-1) include (3E)-1-chloro-3-hexene, (3E)-1-bromo-3-hexene, and (3E)-1-iodo-3-hexene.

[0031] Examples of the (3Z)-1-halo-3-hexene compound (8-2) include (3Z)-1-chloro-3-hexene, (3Z)-1-bromo-3-hexene, and (3Z)-1-iodo-3-hexene.

[0032] The 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) may be used either alone or in combination thereof.

[0033] For instance, a mixture of the nucleophilic reagent: (3E)-3-hexenyl compound (5-1), and the nucleophilic reagent: (3Z)-3-hexenyl compound (5-2), is synthesized from a mixture of the nucleophilic reagent: (3E)-1-halo-3-hexene compound (8-1), and the nucleophilic reagent: (3Z)-1-halo-3-hexene compound (8-2).

[0034] The 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) may be commercially available one or may be synthesized in house.

[0035] An amount of magnesium to be used in preparing the 3-hexenylmagnesium halide (5: M2 = MgZ2) from the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) is preferably from 1.0 to 2.0 gram atoms per mol of the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) in view of the completion of the reaction.

[0036] Examples of the solvent to be used in preparing the 3-hexenylmagnesium halide (5: M2 = MgZ2) from the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) include ether solvents such as tetrahydrofuran, diethyl ether and 4-methyltetrahydropyran; and hydrocarbon solvents such as toluene, xylene and hexane. Tetrahydrofuran is preferred in view of a reaction rate in the formation of the Grignard reagent.

[0037] The solvent may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The solvent may be commercially available one or may be synthesized in house.

[0038] An amount of the solvent is preferably from 100 to 2000 g per mol of the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) in view of the reactivity.

[0039] A reaction temperature in preparing the 3-hexenylmagnesium halide (5: M2 = MgZ2) from the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) varies, depending on a solvent used, and is preferably from 30 to 120 °C in view of the reactivity.

[0040] A reaction time in preparing the 3-hexenylmagnesium halide (5: M2 = MgZ2) from the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) varies, depending on a solvent used or a production scale, and is preferably from 1 to 50 hours in view of the reactivity.

[0041] For instance, the 3-hexenyl lithium reagent (5: M2 = Li) such as (3E)-3-hexenyl lithium and (3Z)-3-hexenyl lithium may be produced by reacting the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) with an organic lithium reagent in a solvent to produce the 3-hexenyl lithium reagent (5: M2 = Li), as shown in the following chemical reaction formula.



[0042] Examples of the organic lithium reagent include linear organic lithium reagents such as methyllithium, ethyllithium, n-propyllithium, n-butyllithium and n-pentyllithium; and branched organic lithium reagents such as sec-butyllithium and tert-butyilithium. Methyllithium, n-butyllithium, sec-butyllithium and tert-bulyllithium are preferred in view of the versatility.

[0043] An amount of the organic lithium reagent is preferably from 1.0 to 4.0 mol per mol of the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) in view of the reactivity.

[0044] Examples of the solvent to be used in preparing the 3-hexenyl lithium reagent (5: M2 = Li) from the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) include ether solvents such as tetrahydrofuran, diethyl ether and 4-methyltetahydropyran; and hydrocarbon solvents such as toluene, xylene and hexane. A preferred solvent varies, depending on an organic lithium reagent used, and is generally preferably tetrahydrofuran, toluene and hexane in view of the reactivity.

[0045] The solvent may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The solvent may be commercially available one or may be synthesized in house.

[0046] An amount of the solvent is preferably from 50 to 5000 g per mol of the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) in view of the reactivity.

[0047] N, N, N, N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA), hexamethylphosphoric triamide (HMPA) and N, N'-dimethylpropylene urea (DMPU) may be added to improve a reaction rate when the 3-hexenyl lithium reagent (5: M2 = Li) is prepared from the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8).

[0048] A reaction temperature in preparing the 3-hexenylmagnesium halide (5: M2 = Li) from the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) varies, depending on a solvent used, and is preferably from - 78 to 25 °C in view of the reactivity.

[0049] A reaction time in preparing the 3-hexenyl lithium reagent (5: M2 = Li) from the 1-halo-3-hexene compound (8) varies, depending on a solvent used or a production scale, and is preferably from 1 to 50 hours in view of the reactivity.

[0050] An amount of the nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound (5), in the aforesaid coupling reaction is preferably from 0,8 to 1,4 mol per mol of the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) in view of the economy.

[0051] X3 and X4 in the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) may be same with or different from each other and represents a halogen atom. Examples of the halogen atom, X3 and X4, include a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, and an iodine atom.

[0052] Examples of a combination of X3 and X4 include a chlorine atom with a chlorine atom, a bromine atom with a chlorine atom, a chlorine atom with an iodine atom, a bromine atom with a bromine atom, a bromine atom with an iodine atom, and an iodine atom with an iodine atom.

[0053] Examples of the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) include 1,5-dichloropentane, 1-bromo-5-chloropentane, 1-chloro-5-iodopentane, 1,5-dibromopentane, 1-bromo-5-iodopentane, and 1,5-diiodopentane.

[0054] The 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) may be commercially available one or may be synthesized in house.

[0055] In a case where X3 and X4 differ from each other, the coupling reaction may proceed with preference of a halogen atom having a higher reactivity, by appropriately selecting a catalyst or a reaction temperature, as will be explained below, with a combination of X3 and X4 which are different from each other being preferred in the coupling reaction. For instance, X1 in the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) will become a chlorine atom by the use of the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) which has a combination of X2 and X3: a chlorine atom with a bromine atom or a chlorine atom with an iodine atom. X1 in the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) will become a bromine atom by the use of the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) which has a combination of X3 and X4: a bromine atom with an iodine atom.

[0056] A solvent may be used in the coupling reaction, if necessary. Examples of the solvent include hydrocarbon solvents such as toluene, xylene and hexane; ether solvents such as tetrahydrofuran, 4-methyltetrahydropyran and diethyl ether; and polar solvents such as N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacctamide, N-methylpyrrolidone, dimethyl sulfoxide, γ-butyrolactone and acetonitrile. Toluene, tetrahydrofuran, 4-methyltetahydropyran and acetonitrile are preferred, with tetrahydrofuran being more preferred, in view of the reactivity.

[0057] The solvent may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The solvent may be commercially available one or may be synthesized in house.

[0058] An amount of the solvent is preferably from 30 to 3000 g per mol of the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) in view of the reactivity.

[0059] A catalyst may be used in the coupling reaction, if necessary. Examples of the catalyst include cuprous halides such as cuprous chloride, cuprous bromide, and cuprous iodide; and cupric halides such as cupric chloride, cupric bromide, and cupric iodide, with cuprous halides being preferred, and with cuprous iodide being more preferred, in view of the reactivity.

[0060] The catalysts may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The catalyst may be commercially available one.

[0061] An amount of the catalyst is preferably from 0.003 to 0.300 mol per mol of the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) in view of a reaction rate and easy post-processing.

[0062] When the catalyst is used in the coupling reaction, a cocatalyst may also be used, if necessary. Examples of the cocatalyst include trialkyl phosphite compounds having 3 to 9 carbon atoms, such as triethyl phosphite; and phosphorus compounds, such as triarylphosphine compounds having 18 to 21 carbon atoms, such as triphenylphosphine, with triethyl phosphite being preferred in view of the reactivity.

[0063] The cocatalyst may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The cocatalyst may be commercially available one.

[0064] An amount of the cocatalyst is preferably from 0.001 to 0.500 mol, more preferably from 0.001 to 0.050 mol, per mol of the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6).

[0065] In a case where the catalyst is used in the coupling reaction, lithium halide may be added, if necessary. Examples of the lithium halide include lithium chloride, lithium bromide and lithium iodide, with lithium chloride being preferred in view of the reactivity.

[0066] An amount of the lithium halide in the coupling reaction is preferably from 0.005 to 0.250mol per mol of the 1-halo-5-halopentane compound (6) in view of the reactivity.

[0067] A reaction temperature in the coupling reaction varies, depending on the a nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound (5), used, and is preferably from - 78 to 70 °C, more preferably - 20 to 25 °C, in view of the reactivity.

[0068] A reaction time in the coupling reaction varies, depending on a solvent used or a production scale, and is preferably from 1 to 55 hours in view of the reactivity.

[0069] Examples of the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) include a (3E)-11-halo-3-undecene compound of the following general formula (7-1), a (3Z)-11-halo-3-undecene compound of the following general formula (7-2), and a mixture thereof.



[0070] X1 in the 1 1-halo-3-undecene compound (7) represents a halogen atom. Examples of the halogen atom, X1, include a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, and an iodine atom, with a chlorine atom and a bromine atom being preferred in view of the reactivity.

[0071] Examples of the (3E)-11-halo-3-undecene compound (7-1) include (3E)-11-chloro-3-undecene, (3E)-11-bromo-3-undecene, and (3E)-11-iodo-3-undecene.

[0072] Examples of the (3Z)-11-halo-3-undecene compound (7-2) include (3Z)-11-chloro-3-undecene, (3Z)-11-bromo-3-undecene, and (3Z)-11-iodo-3-undecene.

[0073] Next, a process for preparing the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) will be explained below, which process is a part of a process for preparing the 9-dodecenal compound (4). The process comprises a step of subjecting a nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound, of the following general formula (1) and an orthoformic ester compound of the following general formula (2) to a nucleophilic substitution reaction to produce the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene (3).



[0074] M1 in the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), represents Li or MgZ1, wherein Z1 represents a halogen atom or an 8-undecenyl group. Examples of the halogen atom, Z1, include a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, and an iodine atom.

[0075] Examples of the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), include (8E)-8-undecenyl compound of the following formula (1-1), (8Z)-8-undecenyl compound of the following formula (1-2), and a mixture thereof.



[0076] Examples of the nucleophilic reagent, (8E)-8-undecenyl compound (1-1), includes (8E)-8-undecenyllithium; and an (8E)-8-undecenylmagnesium halide reagent (Grignard reagent) such as (8E)-8-undecenylmagnesium chloride, (8E)-8-undecenylmagnesium bromide and (8E)-8-undecenylmagnesium iodide, with (8E)-8-undecenylmagnesium halide being preferred in view of the versatility.

[0077] Examples of the nucleophilic reagent, (8Z)-8-undecenyl compound (1-2), includes (8Z)-8-undecenyllithium; and an (8Z)-8-undecenylmagnesium halide reagent (Grignard reagent) such as (8Z)-8-undecenylmagnesium chloride, (8Z)-8-undecenylmagnesium bromide and (8Z)-8-undecenylmagnesium iodide, with (8Z)-8-undecenylmagnesium halide being preferred in view of the versatility.

[0078] The nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), may be used either alone or in combination thereof.

[0079] For instance, a mixture of the (9E)-1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound and the (9Z)-1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound is synthesized from a mixture of the nucleophilic reagent: (8E)-8-undecenyl compound (1-1), and the nucleophilic reagent: (8Z)-8-undecenyl compound (1-2), as the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1).

[0080] The nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), may be synthesized in house.

[0081] The nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), may be prepared from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7).

[0082] For instance, the 8-undecenylmagnesium halide reagent (1: M1= MgX1), such as the (8E)-8-undecenylmagnesium halide reagent and the (8Z)-8-undecenylmagnesium halide reagent, may be produced by reacting the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) with magnesium in a solvent, as shown in the following chemical reaction formula.



[0083] The 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) may be used either alone or in combination thereof.

[0084] For instance, a mixture of the nucleophilic reagent, (8E)-8-undecenyl compound, and the nucleophilic reagent, (8Z)-8-undecenyl compound, may be synthesized from a mixture of the (3E,)-11 - halo-3-undecene compound and the (3Z)-11 -halo-3-undecene compound.

[0085] An amount of magnesium to be used in preparing the 8-undecenylmagnesium halide reagent (1: M1 = MgX1) from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) is preferably from 1.0 to 2.0 gram atoms per mol of the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) in view of the completion of the reaction.

[0086] Examples of the solvent include ether solvents such as tetrahydrofuran, diethyl ether and 4-methyltetrahydropyran; and hydrocarbon solvents such as toluene, xylene and hexane. Tetrahydrofuran is preferred in view of a reaction rate in the formation of the Grignard reagent.

[0087] An amount of the solvent is preferably from 100 to 2000 g per mol of the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) in view of the reactivity.

[0088] A reaction temperature in preparing the 8-undecenylmagnesium halide reagent (1: M1 = MgX1) from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) varies, depending on a solvent used, and is preferably from 30 to 120 °C in view of the reactivity.

[0089] A reaction time in preparing the 8-undecenylmagnesium halide reagent (1: M1 = MgX1) from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) varies, depending on a solvent used or a production scale, and is preferably from 1 to 50 hours in view of the reactivity.

[0090] For instance, the (8E)-8-undecenyllithium reagent (1: M1 = Li), such as (8E)-8-undecenyllithium, and (8Z)-8-undecenyllithium may be produced by reacting the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) with an organic lithium reagent in a solvent to produce the (8E)-8-undecenyllithium reagent (1: M1 = Li), as shown in the following chemical reaction formula.



[0091] Examples of the organic lithium reagent include a linear organic lithium reagent such as methyllithium, ethyllithium, n-propyllithium, n-butyllithium and n-pentyllithium; and a branched organic lithium reagent such as see-butyllithium and tert-butyllithium. Methyllithium, n-butyllithium, sec-butyllithium and tert-butyllithium are preferred in view of the versatility.

[0092] An amount of the organic lithium reagent is preferably from 1.0 to 4.0 mol per mol of the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) in view of the reactivity.

[0093] Examples of the solvent to be used in preparing the (8E)-8-undecenyllithium reagent (1: M1 = Li) from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) include ether solvents such as tetrahydrofuran, diethyl ether and 4-methyltetrahydropyran; and hydrocarbon solvents such as toluene, xylene and hexane. A preferred solvent varies, depending on an organic lithium reagent used, and is generally tetrahydrofuran, toluene and hexane generally in view of the reactivity.

[0094] The solvent may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The solvent may be commercially available one or may be synthesized in house.

[0095] An amount of the solvent is preferably from 50 to 5000 g per mol of the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) in view of the reactivity.

[0096] N, N, N', N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA), hexamethylphosphoric triamide (HMPA) and N, N'-dimethylpropylene urea (DMPU) may be added to improve a reaction rate when the (8E)-8-undecenyllithium reagent (1: M1 = Li) is prepared from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7).

[0097] A reaction temperature in preparing the (8E)-8-undecenyllithium reagent (1: M1 = Li) from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) varies, depending on a solvent used, and is preferably from - 78 to 25 °C in view of the reactivity.

[0098] A reaction time in preparing the (8E)-8-undecenyllithium reagent (1: M1 = Li) from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) varies, depending on a solvent used or a production scale, and is preferably from 1 to 50 hours in view of the reactivity.

[0099] An amount of the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), is preferably from 0.5 to 1.5 mol per mol of the orthoformic ester compound (2) in view of the economy.

[0100] Three Rs in the orthoformic ester compound (2) may be same with or different from each other and represent an alkyl group having 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 3, carbon atoms.

[0101] Examples of the alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms include a linear alkyl group such as a methyl group, an ethyl group, an n-propyl group, an n-butyl group, an n-pentyl group and an n-hexyl group; and a branched alkyl group such as an isopropyl group and an isobutyl group.

[0102] Examples of the orthoformic ester compound (2) include methyl orthoforrnate, ethyl orthoformate, propyl orthoformate, butyl orthoformate, pentyl orthoformate and hexyl orthoformate, with methyl orthoformate and ethyl orthoformate being preferred in view of availability.

[0103] The orthoformic ester compound (2) may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The orthoformic ester compound (2) may be commercially available one.

[0104] Examples of the solvent used in the nucleophilic substitution reaction include hydrocarbon solvents such as toluene, xylene and hexane; and ether solvents such as tetrahydrofuran, 4-methyltetrahydropyran and diethyl ether. Toluene and 4-methyltetrahydropyran are preferred in view of the reactivity.

[0105] The solvent may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The solvent may be commercially available one.

[0106] When the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), is diluted with a solvent, or when a solvent was used to prepare the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), these solvents and the solvents used in the nucleophilic substitution reaction may be same with or different from each other.

[0107] In a case where the solvents are different from each other, a solvent may be replaced with a solvent which increases the reactivity of the nucleophilic substitution reaction.

[0108] For instance, in a case where tetrahydrofuran was used in preparing the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), and toluene is selected as a solvent for the nucleophilic substitution reaction, the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), containing tetrahydrofuran is added to a reactor containing the orthoformic ester compound and toluene, and tetrahydrofuran is distilled off in a course of raising a reaction temperature, so that a solvent may be replaced with toluene in the reaction system.

[0109] An amount of the solvent is preferably from 100 to 6000 g per mol of the orthoformic ester compound (2) in view of the reactivity.

[0110] A reaction temperature in the nucleophilic substitution reaction is preferably from 75 to 130 °C in view to smoothly proceed with the reaction and prevent evaporation of the solvent.

[0111] A reaction time in the nucleophilic substitution reaction varies, depending on a solvent used or a production scale, and is preferably from 1 to 100 hours.

[0112] Examples of the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) include a (9E)-1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound of the following general formula (3-1), a (9Z)-1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound of the following general formula (3-1), and a mixture thereof.



[0113] R in the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) is same with R in the orthoformic ester compound (2).

[0114] Examples of the (9E)-1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3-1) include (9E)- 1,1-dimethoxy-9-dodecene, (9E)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene, (9E)-1,1-dipropoxy-9-dodecene and (9E)-1,1-dibutoxy-9-dodecene.

[0115] Examples of the (9Z)-1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3-2) include (9Z)-1,1-dimethoxy-9-dodeccne, (9Z)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene, (9Z)-1,1-dipropoxy-9-dodecene and (9Z)-1,1-dibutoxy-9-dodecene.

[0116] Next, a process for preparing the 9-dodecenal compound (4) will be explained below, which process is a part of a process for preparing the 9-dodecenal compound (4). The process comprises a step of hydrolyzing the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) to produce the 9-dodecenal compound (4).



[0117] The 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) may be used either alone or in combination thereof.

[0118] For instance, a mixture of (9E)-9-dodecenal and (9Z)-9-dodecenal may be synthesized from a mixture of the (9E)-1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound and the (9Z)-1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound.

[0119] The hydrolysis may be carried out, using, for example, an acid, water and, if necessary, a solvent.

[0120] Examples of the acid used in the hydrolysis include inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid and hydrobromic acid; p-toluenesulfonic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, acetic acid, formic acid, oxalic acid, iodotrimethylsilane and titanium tetrachloride, with acetic acid, formic acid and oxalic acid being preferred in view of the reactivity.

[0121] The acid may be used either alone or in combination thereof The acids may be commercially available one.

[0122] An amount of the acid used is preferably 0.01 to 10.0 mol per mol of the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3).

[0123] An amount of water used in the hydrolysis is preferably from 18 to 3,000 g per mol of the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3).

[0124] Examples of the solvent used in the hydrolysis include hydrocarbon solvents such as toluene, xylene and hexane; ether solvents such as tetrahydrofuran and diethyl ether; polar solvents such as N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methylpyrrolidone, acetonitrile, γ-butyrolactone, dichloromethane and chloroform; and alcohols such as methanol and ethanol.

[0125] The solvent may be used either alone or in combination thereof. The solvent may be commercially available one.

[0126] An optimum solvent varies, depending on an acid used. For instance, when oxalic acid is used as the acid, tetrahydrofuran is preferred in view of the reactivity,

[0127] An amount of the solvent is preferably from 0 to 3000 g per mol of the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) in view of the reactivity.

[0128] A reaction temperature in the hydrolysis varies, depending on an acid or solvent used, and is preferably from 5 to 180 °C in view of the reactivity.

[0129] A reaction time in the hydrolysis varies, depending on a solvent used or a production scale, and is preferably from 1 to 55 hours in view of the reactivity.

[0130] Examples of the 9-dodecenal compound (4) include (9E)-9-dodecenal of the following formula (4-1), (9Z)-9-dodecenal of the following formula (4-2), and a mixture thereof.


[Example]



[0131] The present invention will be further described with reference to the following Examples. It should be understood that the present invention is not limited to or by the Examples.

[0132] The term "purity" as used herein means a percentage of an area obtained by gas chromatography (GC), unless otherwise specified. The term "production ratio" means a ratio of percentages of areas obtained by GC. The yield is calculated from the area percentages obtained by GC.

[0133] In the Examples, monitoring of the reactions and calculation of the yields carried out in the following GC conditions.

[0134] <GC conditions>: Capillary gas chromatograph GC-2014, ex Shimadzu Corporation; column: DB-5, 0.25 mm × 0.25 mmΦ × 30 m; carrier gas: He (1.55 mL/min); detector: FID; column temperature: 150 °C, elevated by 5°C/min, up to 230 °C.

[0135] The yield was calculated by the following equation in consideration of purities (%GC) of a starting material and a product.


[Example 1]


<Preparation of (3Z)-11-chloro-3-undecene (7-2: X1 = Cl)>



[0136] 



[0137] Magnesium (114.82 g, 4.73 gram atoms) and tetrahydrofuran (1350 g) were placed in a reactor at room temperature and stirred at from 60 to 65 °C for 20 minutes. Then, (3Z)-1-chloro- 3-hexene (8-2: X2 = Cl) (533.70 g, 4.50 mol) was added dropwise to the reactor at from 60 to 75 °C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at from 75 to 80 °C for 2 hours to form (3Z)-3-hexenylmagnesium chloride (5-2: M2 = MgCl).

[0138] Next, cuprous iodide (8.57 g, 0.045 mol), triethyl phosphite (17.95 g, 0.11 mol), tetrahydrofuran (450 g) and 1-bromo-5-chloropentane (6: X3 = Br, X4 = Cl) (776.28 g, 4.19 mol) were placed in another reactor. Then, (3Z)-3-hexenylmagnesium chloride(5-2: : M2 = MgCl) obtained above was added dropwise at from - 5 to 15 °C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, stirring was continued at from 5 to 15 °C for 3.5 hours. Then, a mixture of acetic acid (562.50 g) and water (1687.50 g) was added to the reaction mixture, followed by phase separation and removal of the aqueous phase. Then, the organic phase was concentrated at a reduced pressure and the residue was subjected to distillation at a reduced pressure to obtain (3Z)-11-chloro-3-undecene (7-2: X1 = Cl) (740.43 g, 3.92 mol, purity: 100 %) in a yield of 93.75 %.

[0139] The following are spectrum data of (3Z)-11-chloro-3-undecene (7-2: X1 = Cl) thus produced.
[Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum] 1H-NMR (500 MHz CDCl3): δ 0.95 (3H, t, J = 7.6 Hz), 1.28-1.38 (6H, m), 1.39-1.46 (2H, m), 1.77 (2H, tt-like), J= 7.3 Hz), 1.99-2.07 (4H, m), 3.53 (2H, t, J = 6.7 Hz), 5.28-5.40 (2H, m); 13C-NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ 14.37, 20.50, 26.84, 27.00, 28.76, 29.04, 29.60, 32.62, 45.13, 129.12, 131. 64
[Mass spectrum] EI-Mass spectrum (70 eV): m/z 188 (M+), 104,83,69,55,41,27
[Infrared absorption spectrum] (NaCl): v = 2961, 2930, 2856,1463,726,654

[Example 2]


<Preparation of (3E)-11-chloro- 3-undecene(7-1: X1 = Cl) >



[0140] 



[0141] Magnesium (54.91 g, 2.26 g atoms) and tetrahydrofuran (645.60 g) were placed in a reactor at room temperature and stirred at from 60 to 65 °C for 25 minutes. Then, (3E)-1-chloro-3-hexene (8-1: X2 = Cl) (255.23 g, 2.15 mol) was added dropwise to the reactor at from 60 to 75 °C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at from 75 to 80 °C for 2 hours to form (3E)-3-hexenylmagnesium chloride (5-1: M2 = MgCl).

[0142] Next, cuprous iodide (4.10 g, 0.022 mol), triethyl phosphite (8.58 g, 0.052 mol), tetrahydrofuran (215.20 g) and 1-bromo-5-chloropentane (6: X3 = Br, X4 = Cl) (371.23 g, 2.00 mol) were placed in another reactor. Then, (3E)-3-hexenylmagnesitun chloride obtained above was added dropwise at from - 5 to 15 °C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, stirring was continued at from 5 to 15 °C for 3 hours. Then, a mixture of acetic acid (269.00 g) and water (807.00 g) was added to the reaction mixture, followed by phase separation and removal of the aqueous phase. Then, the organic phase was concentrated at a reduced pressure and the residue was subjected to distillation at a reduced pressure to obtain (3E)-11-chloro-3-undecene (7-1: X1 = Cl) (341.43 g, 1.81 mol, purity: 100 %) in a yield of 90.40 %.

[0143] The following are spectrum data of (3E)-11-chloro-3-undecene (7-1 : X1 = Cl) thus produced.
[Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum] 1H-NMR (500 MHz CDCl3): δ0.96 (3H, t, J = 7.5 Hz), 1.27-1.38 (6H, m), 1.38-1.46 (2H, m), 1.76 (2H, tt, J = 7.3 Hz, 7.3 Hz), 1.94-2.03 (4H, m), 3.53 (2H, t, J = 6.9 Hz), 5.38 (1H, dt, J = 15.2 Hz, 62 Hz), 5.44 (1 H, dt, J = 15.2 Hz, 6.1 Hz); 13C-NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ 13.97,25.58,26.83,28. 74,28.93,29.49,32.48,32.62,45.14, 129.17, 132.00
[Mass spectrum] EI-Mass spectrum (70 eV): m/z 188 (M+), 104,83,69,55,41,27
[Infrared absorption spectrum] (NaCl): v =2960,2928,2855, 1462, 966, 726, 654

[Example 3]


<Preparation of (9Z)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene (3-2: R= Et)>



[0144] 



[0145] Magnesium (73.99 g, 3.05 mol) and tetrahydrofuran (870.00 g) were placed in a reactor at room temperature and stirred at from 60 to 65 °C for 20 minutes. Then, (3Z)-11-chloro-3-undecene (7-2: X1 = Cl) (547.35 g, 2.90 mol) was added dropwise to the reactor at from 60 to 75 °C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at from 75 to 80 °C for 2.5 hours to form (8Z)-8-undecenylmagnesium chloride (1-2: M1 = MgCl).

[0146] Next, toluene (1348.50 g) and ethyl orthofonnate (2: R = Et) (558.71 g, 3.77 mol) were added dropwise to the reactor at from 75 to 85 °C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, stirring was continued at from 90 to 100 °C for 16 hours. Then, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of 30 to 45 °C. Then, a mixture of acetic acid (362.50 g) and water (1087.50 g) were added to the reactor, followed by phase separation and removal of the aqueous phase. Then, the organic phase was concentrated at a reduced pressure and the residue was subjected to distillation at a reduced pressure to obtain a crude product, (9Z)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene (3-2: R = Et), (641.06 g, 2.34 mol, purity: 93.65%) in a crude yield of 80.73 %.

[0147] The following are spectrum data of (9Z)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene (3-2: R = Et) thus produced.
[Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum] 1H-NMR (500 MHz CDCl3): δ 0.94 (3H, t, J = 7.5 Hz), 1.19 (6H, t, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.24-1.37 (10H, m), 1.59 (2H, dt, J = 9.2 Hz, 6.0 Hz), 2.01 (4H, sext-like, J = 7.2 Hz), 3.47 (2H, dq, J = 7.1 Hz, 8.2 Hz), 3 .62 (2H, dq, J = 7.1 Hz, 8.2 Hz), 4.46 (1H, t, J = 5.8 Hz), 5.27-5.38 (2H, m); 13C-NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ 14.35, 15.32, 20.47, 24.71, 27.03, 29.15, 29.41,29.70,33.54,60.75,102.92,129.24,131.48
[Mass spectrum] EI-Mass spectrum (70 eV): m/z 211 (M+-45), 103,75,47,29
[Infrared absorption spectrum] (NaCl):v = 2973, 2927,2855,1463,1373,1344,1127,1064, 723

[Example 4]


Preparation of (9E)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene (3-1: R = Et)>



[0148] 



[0149] Magnesium (35.93 g, 1.48 mol) and tetrahydrofuran (422.40 g) were placed in a reactor at room temperature and stirred at from 60 to 65 °C for 16 minutes. Then, (3E)-11-chloro-3-undecene (7-1: X1 = Cl) (265.75 g, 1.41 mol) was added dropwise to the reactor at from 60 to 75 °C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at from 75 to 80 °C for 3 hours to form (8E)-8-undecenylmagnesium chloride (1-1: M1 = MgCl).

[0150] Next, toluene (654.72 g) and ethyl orthoformate (2: R = Et) (271.27 g, 1.83 mol) were added dropwise to the reactor at from 75 to 85 °C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, stirring was continued at from 90 to 100 °C for 13 hours. Then, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of 30 to 45 °C. Then, a mixture of acetic acid (176.00 g) and water (528.00 g) were added to the reactor, followed by phase separation and removal of the aqueous phase. Then, the organic phase was concentrated at a reduced pressure and the residue was subjected to distillation at a reduced pressure to obtain a crude product, (9E)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene (3-1: R = Et), (312.65 g, 1.15 mol, purity: 93.91%) in a crude yield of 81.33 %.

[0151] The following are spectrum data of (9E)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene (3-1: R = Et) thus produced.
[Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum] 1H-NMR (500 MHz CDCl3): δ0.95 (3H, t, J = 7.3 Hz), 1.19 (6H, t, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.24-1.36 (10H, m), 1.59 (2H, dt), J = 9.2 Hz, 6.2 Hz), 1.97 (4H, sext-like, J = 7.6 Hz), 3.48 (2H, dq, J = 7.3 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 3.62 (2H, dq, J = 7.3 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 4.47 (1H, t, J = 5.8 Hz), 5.37 (1H, dt, J = 15.7 Hz, 6.1 Hz), 5.42 (1H, dt, J = 15.7 Hz, 6.1 Hz); 13C-NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ 13.97, 15.33, 24.73, 25.57, 29.05, 29 .40, 29.42, 29.59, 32.51, 33.56, 60.76, 102.93, 129.0, 131.85
[Mass spectrum] EI-Mass spectrum (70 eV): m/z 211 (M÷-45), 103,75,47,29
[Infrared absorption spectrum] (NaCl): v = 2974, 2926, 2874, 2854,1461,1443,1373,1344, 1128, 1063,966

[Example 5]


<Preparation of (9Z)-9-dodecenal (4-2)>



[0152] 



[0153] The crude product containing (9Z)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene (3-2: R = Et) (641.06 g, 2.34 mol, purity: 93.65%) obtained in Example 3, oxalic acid dihydrate (590.26 g, 4.68 mol), tetrahydrofuran (1638.70 g) and pure water (1638.70 g) were placed in a reactor at room temperature and stirred at from 60 to 65°C for 6 hours. Subsequently, the reaction mixture was cooled to 50°C. Then, hexane (688.49 g) was added to the reactor and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, followed by phase separation and removal of the aqueous phase. Then, the organic phase was concentrated at a reduced pressure and the residue was subjected to distillation at a reduced pressure to obtain (9Z) -9-dodecenal (4-2) (410.32 g, 2.21 mol, purity: 98.10%) in an overall yield of 76.15 % in the two steps of Examples 3 and 5.

[0154] The following are spectrum data of (9Z)-9-dodecenal (4-2) thus produced.
[Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum] 1H-NMR (500 MHz CDCl3): δ0.94 (3H, t, J = 7.6 Hz), 1.25-1.36 (8H, m), 1.61 (2H, quin-like, J = 7.3 Hz), 2.01 (4H, sext-like, J = 7.3 Hz), 2.40 (2H, dt, J = 1.9 Hz, 7.5 Hz), 5.26-5.38 (2H, m), 9.75 (1H, t, J = 1.9 Hz); 13C-NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ 14.33, 20.46,22.01,26.97,28.97,29.08,29.19,29.60,43.85,129.10,131.58,202.85
[Mass spectrum] EI-Mass spectrum (70 eV): m/z 182 (M+), 164, 135, 121, 111, 98, 81, 67, 55,41,29
[Infrared absorption spectrum] (NaCl): v = 2962, 2929, 2855, 1727, 1463, 724

[Example 6]


<Preparation of (9E)-9-dodecenal (4-1)>



[0155] 



[0156] The crude product containing (9E)-1,1-diethoxy-9-dodecene (3-1: R = Et) (312.66 g, 1.15 mol, purity: 93.91%) obtained in Example 4, oxalic acid dihydrate (462.55 g, 3.67 mol), tetrahydrofuran (1223.00 g) and pure water (1223.00 g) were placed in a reactor at room temperature and stirred at from 60 to 65°C for 5.5 hours. Subsequently, the reaction mixture was cooled to 50 °C. Then, hexane (359.68 g) was added to the reactor and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, followed by phase separation and removal of the aqueous phase. Then, the organic phase was concentrated at a reduced pressure and the residue was subjected to distillation at a reduced pressure to obtain (9E)-9-dodecenal (4-1) (198.10 g, 1.07 mol, purity: 98.65%) in an overall yield of 76.15 % in the two steps of Examples 4 and 6.

[0157] The following are spectrum data of (9E)-9-dodecenal (4-1) thus produced.
[Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum] 1H-NMR (500 MHz CDCl3): δ 0.95 (3H, t, J = 7.5 Hz), 1.23-1.36 (8H,m), 1.61 (2H, quin-like, J = 7.3 Hz), 1.97 (4H), sext-like, J = 7.7 Hz), 2.40 (2H, dt, J = 1.9Hz, 7.4 Hz), 5.36 (1H, dt, J = 15.3 Hz, 6.1 Hz), 5.42 (1H, dt, J = 15.3 Hz, 5.8 Hz), 9.75 (1H, t, J = 1.9 Hz); 13C-NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ 13.94, 22.01, 25.55, 28.86, 29.07, 29.17, 29.48, 32.45, 43.86,129.15,131.94,202.86
[Mass spectrum] EI-Mass spectrum (70 eV): m/z 182 (M+), 164, 135, 121, 111, 98, 82, 69, 55,41,29
[Infrared absorption spectrum] (NaCl): v = 2961, 2927, 2854, 1727, 1462, 967


Claims

1. A process for preparing an 11 -halo-3-undecene compound of the following general formula (7):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7X1     (7)

in which X1 represents a halogen atom,
the process comprising a step of

subjecting a nucleophilic reagent, 3-hexenyl compound, of the following general formula (5):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)2M2     (5)

in which M2 represents Li or MgZ2, wherein Z2 represents a halogen atom or a 3-hexenyl group,
to a coupling reaction with a 1-halo-5-halopentane compound of the general formula (6):

         X3(CH2)5X4     (6)

in which X3 and X4 may be same with or different from each other and represent a halogen atom,

to produce the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7).


 
2. A process for preparing a nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound, of the following general formula (1)

         CH3CH2CH = CH(CH2)7M1     (1)

in which M1 represents Li or MgZ1, wherein Z1 represents a halogen atom or an 8-undecenyl group, the process comprising a step of

the process according to claim 1 for preparing the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7); and

preparing the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1), from the 11-halo-3-undecene compound (7) thus obtained.


 
3. A process for preparing a 9-dodecenal compound of the following formula (4):

         CH3CH2CH = CH(CH2)7CHO     (4)

the process comprising steps of

the process according to claim 2 for preparing the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1);

subjecting the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1) thus obtained to a nucleophilic substitution reaction with an orthoformic ester compound of the following general formula (2):

in which R may be same with or different from each other and represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
to produce a 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound of the following general formula (3):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7CH(OR)2     (3)

in which R is as defined above; and

hydrolyzing the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) thus obtained to produce the 9-dodecenal compound (4).


 
4. A process for preparing a 9-dodecenal compound of the following formula (4):

         CH3CH2CH = CH(CH2)7CHO     (4)

the process comprising steps of

preparing a nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound, of the following general formula (1)

         CH3CH2CH = CH(CH2)7M1     (1)

in which M1 represents Li or MgZ1, wherein Z1 represents a halogen atom or an 8-undecenyl group from an 11-halo-3-undecene compound of the following general formula (7):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7X1     (7)

in which X1 represents a halogen atom;

subjecting, the nucleophilic reagent, 8-undecenyl compound (1) thus obtained, to a nucleophilic substitution reaction with an orthoformic ester compound of the following general formula (2):

in which R may be same with or different from each other and represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
to produce a 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound of the following general formula (3):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7CH(OR)2     (3)

in which R is as defined above; and

hydrolyzing the 1,1-dialkoxy-9-dodecene compound (3) thus obtained to produce the 9-dodecenal compound (4).


 
5. An 11-halo-3-undecene compound of the following general formula (7):

         CH3CH2CH=CH(CH2)7X1     (7)

in which X1 represents a halogen atom
 





Search report









Search report




Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Non-patent literature cited in the description